Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.) /
July 23, 1917, edition 1 /
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THE ASHEVILLE CITIZEN
CITIZEN WANT ADS
VOL. XXXIII, NO. 273.
ASHEVILLE, N. C,MONIAV MORNINU, .ll'LY X, 1U7.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
FOOD MEASURE MAY
PR ESI D EN
Conferees Will Start Work
on Senate Bill on Tues
AVIATION BILL TO
GO TO WILSON TODAY
GERMAN AIRPLANES MAKE
ANOTHER DAYLIGHT RAID
OVER BRITISH EAST COAST
Eight Killed and About Twenty Wounded
As Result of Raid Better Defense
Arrangements Enable British to Drive
Off Raiders In Short Order
Rivers and Harbors Ap
propriation Bill Comes Up
in the Senate Today.
WASHINGTON. July ! Th!
Kk may see the long-cor.tetf d ad
ministration food control bill Anally
perfected In congress snd nt to
7'resldent WlUon for his signature.
Senate and house conferee on the
measure, which pnrd the senate yes
terday, expect to go to work Tun
lay. Their principal difficulties will
be over the prohibition question ni
th senate amendment for a board rf
food administration of three mt-m-frers
Instead of an Individual admin
istrator. Predict Prompt Action.
Leaders tonight predicted prompt
action, which probably will be fol
lowed bv disposal of the first food
Mil. also. !n conference several weeks,
awaiting dii-posal of the control
measure. The 1840,000.000 aviation
bill passed by the senate yesterday
to fo to the president tomorrow
the capitol it awaits only tne
turea of Speaker Clark and
P real dent Marshall,
will break all speed
Tomorrow the senate will take up
the rivers' and harbors' appropriation
hUl and the house will convene to re
ceive conference reports on the rail
road priority shipment bill and that
increasing the Interstate commerce
Shcppard to Try Again.
Daring the week Senator Sheppard
will try ap In to get up his resolution
for national prohibition amend
ment and he has high hopes of mus
terlng the necessary two-thirds vote.
The prohibition question as Involved
In the food control bill meantime will
delay senate consideration of the wnr
tax bill, for the finance committee
will not return It to the senate until
congress finally acta on the food con
ference report. " determining- how
much revenue may be expected from
the liquor traffic.
Legislation to amend the conscrip
tion law so as to subject sltens to
the draft, probably will be passed
during" the -week.
records for blst
PLANS FOR LOCUTION OF
Will Be Nine Camps Instead
of Eight Under New
CHANGES ARE MADE.
. WASHINGTON, July 25 A com
aplete revision In the plans for loca
tion of the second officers training
camps to open August 27, has been
decided on by the war department as
6 result of a re-inspection of the sites
Under the new arrangement there
will be nine camjs Instead of eight,
fort MoPherson, Ga.; Fort Logan H.
Roots, Ark.; ana Fort Kliey. Kas.; De
lng dropped from the list and Platts
burgh Barracks, New York: Fort
Niagara, K'New Tork; Fort Snelling,
Minn., and Fort Sheridan, 111., added.
The Fort Myer, Va""; Fort Oglethorpe,
K3.: Fort Benjamin Harrison, In
dians., Presidio, San Francisco, and
Leon Springs, Texas, designations re
main unchanged but a reassignment
of stater personnel among the various
camps has been ordered.
"Soma of the locations orlgltally
ordered are objectionable for various
reasons," said a report on the subject
transmitted to Secretary Baker by
Adjutant-General McCain. "Fort Mc
pherson Is already over-crowded and
has poor facilities for training camp
work. Fort (Logan H. Roots is de
cidedly unsuitable and Fort Riley,
Kas., is objectionable because of the
scattering of the buildings; further
more, it is to become a large can
tonment. The elimination of these three
points necessitates a change in the
rig' 31 plan. The plan recommend
ed i 50ve is Better suited to existing
etrui. 'ures. no new construction is
requi ed. Men in training camp will be
much less crowded tnan at present.
The assignment of state quotas
Under the plan includes:
At jort Myer New Jersey. Dela
ware, Maryland, District of Columbia
At. Fori Oglethorpe North Caro
lina, South Carolina, Tennessee,
ideorgla, Alabama, and Florida.
LONDON', Julv 22. Another davliarht raid, carried
out over tke east coast of England this morning, resulted
in the repulse of about twenty German airplanes after
they had dropped a number of bombs over Felixtowe and
Harwich, killing eight persons and injuring twenty-five.
An alarm was sounded in London, but before the Ger
mans could reach any point near the city they were at
tacked heavily by defending squadrons of aircraft, which
sneedilv caused them to chance their minds and beat a
hasty retrent. So far as has been reported, none of the
'"rermans was brouzht down.
The following official account of the raid was i.-sued:
"A squadron of enemy airplanes from fifteen to
twenty-one approached Felixtowe and Harwich at 8
o'clock this morning. Some bombs were dropped, but the
heavy hre from the anti-aircraft defense caused the
enemy's formation to split up. part returning overseas
and part returning south, down the Lssex coast. The
latter party was heavilv engaged by gunfire all down the
rjssex coasi ana nnany proceeded nomewara witnou
dropping more bombs. The raiders were pursued out to
sea and heavily engaged by our airplanes, but the visibility
1 1 Al ! li1 f 1 i-
was jow ana me aimcuiues oi ODservation were very
The casualties at Felixtowe and Harwich so far
are eight killed and twenty injured."
Ihe morning broke bright and sunny, but a thick
haze soon appeared and at about 8 o'clock the enemv ma
chines were heard and were seen flying high and fast to
ward the coast, lhey received a hot reception from the
improved defenses in the shape of anti-aircraft gunfire
and were nardly well over the coast before their forma
tion was taken up. Thev drotred bombs hastily before
etreating. Observers say that the gunfire which fol
lowed the section which went down the Essex coast
reached a pitch of unusual intensity. It was the move
ments of this squad which caused the firing for the first
time ot new warning signals m London.
Reports of heavy firing received from various quarters
Jl A. A 1 A A 1 11 j 1
maicaie max ine authorities nave made considerable lm
provement in the defenses since the last raid over London.
Lost in Haze.
Today s attempt lasted barelv two hours. Thousands
of persons turned out along the coast when the British
planes went up, in the hope of seeing battles in the air,
out uie cuuiuaiaius soon disappeared m tne naze.
A correspondent of the Exchange Telegraph com
pany telephoned from the Isle of Thanet that warning
signals sounded in a numoer ot coast towns and that firing
was heard soon afterwards. A number of airplanes which
were already in the air proceeded in the direction of the
An Evolution of The Green Apple Season
t 'V r;:; - , TK'V; "i
OF U-BOAT ATTACK
Inclusive Reports Reached
Navy Five Days Before
TO SENATOR TILLMAN
Says Statement Was Pro.
pared as Soon as Troops
(CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO)
SUSPENSION OF EFFORTS
NOT DESIGNED TO I IN
Special Railroad Commis
sion Issues Letter Ad
dressed to Officials.
AN UNUSUAL STRAIN.
WILL CARRY SUPPLIES.
WASHOTGTON. July 22 An
nouncement was made bre tonight
that the Red Cross mission to leave
lor Roumanian will take with It
quantities of medical supplies, serums,
vaccines and the most urgently need
ed foodstuffs. .The sum of $200,000
Jiaa been provided from the Red
Cross "humanity fund."
Twelve doctors and twelve nurses
will be attached to- the mission, which
1s to be headed by Henry A. Ander
son, of Richmond. Va. It will be the
third of the. kind sent. abroad, one
eing at work now in Franca and &.
pthst is PA the. waj Jo. Ruasla,
NEW TORK. Julv 22. Su8DnKlnn
by the railroads during: the period of
the war of "all efforts not designed to
help directly in the winning of the
war," is urged by the special Com
mittee on national defense of the
American Railway association, in a
letter addressed today to Public Ser
vice commissions and all state, county
and municipal authorities throughout
the country by Fairfax Harrison.
chairman of the committee.
The present emergency has Im
posed upon the railroads, says the
letter, "a very unusual strata in
transport, men, food, coaL munitions
and material in augmented quantity.
This burden, while cheerfully under
taken, requires every ounce of ener
gy, every untt of rolling stock, every
dollar of capital, every bit of sup
plies ana coat which the railroads can
"Therefore this committee earnest
ly recommends that during the war
the railroads be required by the pub'
lie authorities to make improvements
and carry out projects involving the
expenditure of money and labor only
when they are absolutely essential for
war purposes of public safety. The
prevailing high interest on money,
the difficulty of raising money in com
petition with the tax free issues of
the governments the excessive cost of
supplies suad labor, the delay in ob
taining material, the possible block
ade of traffic, and the diversion of la
bor all contribute to make non-essential
construction undesirable dar
ing the war."
The erection of new- stations and
the elimination of arrade crossings.
the committee thinks, are among the
THE EEBffl REICHSTAG
This is Newspaper View of
His Recent Conference
FRENCH AND RUSSIAN FRONTS STILL
SCENES OF THE GREATEST MILITARY
ACTIVITY IN THE GREAT WORLD WAR
WA&KINOTON. July 11 9er.
tary Daniels. In latter to the senst
made public today, explains at length
the Information on which he bated
his statement of July I regarding
submarine attacks on the American
expeditionary force, and reveals that
Inconclusive report of the encounter
had reached the navy department flre
days before the statement was issued.
The secretary wrote In reply t
Senator Tillman, chairman of Use
naval committee, who sent a letter of
Inquiry, after a resolution had been
Introduced In congress requesting that
the department submit the text et .
Rear-Admlsal Oleaves' dispatch en
the subject. The resolution was sol
In his letter Mr. Dsnlela defends .
the statement and assures the naval
committee that the text ot the
Oleavee dispatch la subject to Ha in.
French Are Givlpg Great Exhibition of Their Defensive Tactics and are Holding the German spectlon, although it obviously cannot
i om maae puonc,
Attacks In Check Russian Line Is Beginning to Crumble In The EastCrown
Prince's Forces Make Fruitless Attacks On French
The French and Russian fronts con
tinue the scenes of the greatest mili
In France, In the region between
Solasons and Rhelms the French have
again given an exhibition of their
tenacious ability at defence, like that
which held the Germans back from
Verdun; the Russian line In Gallcla
apparently is crumbling by reason ot
the disaffection' of some of the troops
and the vlciou Lsailft tbeermaas
and the Austro-Hungarians, especial
ly the Germatis are throwing
gains t It
Another Fruitless Effort.
Notwithstanding the heavy losses
the Germans had thus far sustained In
their attacks along the Chemin-Des
Dames in France, they again Bun
day made fruitless efforts to defeat
General Pet&in's forces, delivering at
various points attacks with large el
fectives among whom were fresh re-
lnforcements. From Bplne De Chev-
regny to the south of Corbeny, ap
proximately twelve mills, the artillery
of the crown prlnod pounded tne
French positions mercilessly In the
early morning after Which the leash
was slipped from the Infantry which
attacked on several sectors only to
meet with a galling fire from the
French rifles and machine guns. Often
thA Annmlnr trooDe came into hand
to-hand encounters. Several tes
the Germans reached the Cesmeates
plateau, but each time were driven
back suffering enormous casualties.
Only at one point, on the California
plateau, were they able to gain a foot
ing and here the position is still in
dispute In a stubborn battle for supremacy.
Russians Give Way.
With the continued forward press
of the Germans in the region of
ZIochoff. Gallcla, the Russian line on
the front south of Brezesany is be
ginning to give way, according to the
latest German official communication.
The Sereth bridgehead near Tarnopol,
has been reached by the Germans and
at several points the railway runs
ning from Tarnopol to Kozowa has
been taken. The Russians in their
retreat have set flre to the town of
Tarnopol and villages to the east.
Should the Russian line immediately
south of Brezany give way, it Is prob- j
able that the Russians will be foreee
to retreat from the region of Hallci
M. Kerensky, the Russian premier.
wno personally commanded the Rus
sian forces when they started their of
fensive In Gallcla early In July, again
has gone to the fighting front, prob
ably in an effort to nut down the dis
affection among the troops and have
tnem race the enemy again. A proc
lamation Issued by he Russian provl.
sloual. government, .rernrnlrfia. xao-es-
rlousneas of the situation and an
nounces that it Is Its duty to throw.tts
enure sirengm against tne roe ana
defend the administration against
Bmperor William also is reported
to have started for the eastern
Again a large force of German air
planes has visited the east English
coast, dropping bombs. British
aviators, rising to attack, scattered the
uermans ana pursued them to sea.
One of the Germans was brought
Eleven persons were killed and
twenty-alx Injured by the bombs
dropped by the raiders.
WHOtiE STRENGTH WEEDED.
PETROG-RAD, July 22. The pro
visional government baa Issued a
proclamation to the nation setting
forth the seriousness of the situation,
declaring that Its first duty Is to apply
Its whole strength against the for.
elgn foe and in defense of the ad
ministration against anarchical and
counter-revolutionary attempts and
outlining Important reforms through
out the country. The proclamation
"Citizens: The fatal hour has
struck. The German emperor s ar
mies have broken the front of the
national revolutionary army. This
terrible operation has been facilitated
by the criminal levity and blind fa
naticism of some and the treachery
of others. At this fateful moment
when, taking advantage of the gen
eral confusion, the hidden forces of
counter-revolution can raise their
heads, the remodeled provisional gov
ernment clearly realizes its heavy re
sponsibilities. It possesses, however,
full and nrm confidence in the
strength of the great Russian people
ana in tne rspia recuperation of the
life politic, now that the contagion,
which has shaken the national or.
gaolsm. haa manifested Itself and
burned Itself out in an acute crisis,
Lead to Recovery.
"The government firmly believes
that the crisis will lead to recovery,
not death. Strong in that belief, the
government Is ready to act with th
energy and resolution the exceptional
circumstances demand. The govern,
ment regards as Its first and capital
task the application - of its whole
treagta-e. theetnrgTla against the
foreign foe and to the defease of the
new governmental regime against
every anarchical and eounter-revolu
tlonary attempt, without hesitating
to take the rigorous measures In Its
power. At the same time, the gov
ernment reiterates that not a drop of
blood or a Russian soldier shall be
shed for any foreign end as already
proclaimed to the whole world.
The proclamation proceeds to state
that in accordance with the declare
tion of May 19 the government In
tends to summon the entente allies to
a conference In August to decide upon
a general orientation or the allies'
foreign policy and to co-ordinate their
actions with regard to the application
or the principles proclaimed by th
Russian revolution. At this confer
ence, Russia will be represented. In
addition to diplomats, by representa
tlves of the Russian democracy.
SEEK OHIO GIRL.
Late In the afternoon of July I,"
wrote the secretary, "the welcome
news cam that the last ship of the
convoys and transports bsd reached
Its destination in . safety without sc.
eldent or injury to men or ships. The
navy department had Known tqr nve
days prior to their arrival that two
attaoka by submarines had been
You may Imagine, therefore, the
unspeakable relief to me which news
announcing the arrival of the last shlD
brought. , ' - .
As soon as tne news was com
municated by an officer of the depart,
ment I hastened to the war depart. '
ment to apprise the secretary of wr,
ot tha fact, tor. I knew ba, .loo.:' was
Informed of tha attacks. - - - - . ,
At once a statement was prepared .
and given out that evening, which I
knew would intensely gratify all
Americans. The message of rtoar..
Admiral Oleavea, announcing the at
tacks, or course, naa not neen given '
to the public, and consequently it had
been spared anxiety. Tha tacts were
stated not In the very words of the
Gleaves cablegram, for it is the lm-
memorial policy -ot the department in
time of war not to employ the lan- 1
(Continued on Page Two.) ,
SHIM DECLARES STATE
OF WAR EXISTS WITH
HAVANA, July 22. The Havana
seoret police are searching for Miss
Ruth Armstrong, formerly of Youngs
town, O., who haa been missing since
last Wednesday. Miss Armstrong
came here about three weeks ago to
Uuke a position as governess. Just
prior to her disappearance, she In
formed the family with whom she
resided that because of tha Intense
heat she was going for a walk In
a park nearby. She took nothing
trom ner room, an ner belongings
oeing in tneir usual place.
WITXi WELOOME SQUAD RON.
BUENOS AIRES, July 22. Tha
minister of marine Is making ar
rangements with the American am
bassador, Frederick J. Stlmson, to
welcome the American squadron on
Tuesday. Delegations representing1
tne government and tne people will
go down the harbor to greet Admiral
Nine Steamers Are Seized
and Teutons Are Under
OBJECT OP ACTION.
IS STILL BLUFFING.
COPENHAQEN. July 22. Em
peror William's conference with the
parliamentary leaders Friday evening-
is treated by the German newspapers
received here, as an earnestness of his
determination hereafter to maintain
and cultivate closer relations with
parliament, perhaps as the beginning
of a new era of common work of the
people and parliament and the gov.
ernment and the crown, although the
simultaneous warning is uttered
against attaching any excessive
woigm to in meeung.
The proceedings took the line of in
formal conversations between the em
peror, and the members of reichatag.
the emperor, as usual, prescribing the
suDject ror conversation. The em
peror evidently aimed to impress his
auditors with the great success of the
submarine warfare, which, according
to the Vosaische Zeitung, he described
as working beyond all expectations
and bringing nearer England's sure
destruction. The exhaustive details
related by the -enmeror perhaps af
fected the representatives of the left,
who, when Dr. Michaelis in his reloh
stag speech Thursday, referred to
false prophets who had done the
fatherland a disservice by setting a
definite date for Great Britain's end,
maliciously shouted in chorus, "RM
ferrich," referring to Dr. Karl Half-,
Emperor WHliam eeama to have
paid htss attention to tha question of
reform. The Tagehlstt says he avoid
ed politics, while another account
save Philipp Scheldemaan, the social
ist leader, tactfully refrained from
pressing- him, .concerning. ; political
FOLK STREET CAR
MEN TO STRIKE TODAY
The New Premier Will En
deavor to Stop Disaffection
Among the Troops. ,
LONDON, July 22. Premier
Kerensky has again started for the
front at the insistance of the central
committee of soldiers' and workmen's
delegates, according to a Reuter dis
patch from Petrograd.
Dispatches from) Gallcla report that
the Breech in the Russian line Is
eight miles wide and ten miles deet.
The Bourse Gazette says tnat at a
meeting of delegates from regiments
at the front it was re5lved that it
had become imperative to turn over
all authority to M. Kereneky.
National Organizer Says
They Will Quit at 10
o'Clock This Morning.
3S. Kerensky as minister of war,
personally led the Russian offensive
which began on July 1 and swept
everything before It uitLsome of the
regiments became mutlnoua and re
fused to obey orders. It Is evidently
the hope of the central committee
that tie may acaln Instill the fighting
spirit into the soldiers of Russia. -
KNOXVTIiLE, Tenn.. July 22.
Mr. and Mrs. Chaa. D. Proctor, ot
Morrlstown. Tenn., former residents
of Flint Mich, were almost hi
star try killed when an automobile in
which they were coasting down hill
enffoute home trom church collided
with -a Knoxville aad BjistoA at
o grade, crossing, ... ;'
NORiFOLK, Va., July 22. National
Organizer H. J. 8hea, of the Amalga
mated Association of ctreet and Elec
tric Railway Employes of America,
tonight notified Major Klze superin
tendent of police that the conductors
and motormen of Norfolk's street
railway system would quit work to
morrow morning at 10 o'clock. He
gave this notice, he explained, in or
der that the police could be pre
pared for any emergency.
Rhea explained that the local trac
tion company. In granting an increase
In pay last week, had stipulated that
the men must sign an agreement to
work two years at the scale arranged
and that those who refuse to sign
would be considered as tendering their
resignations, effective (Monday, July
it, at 10 o'clock. Shea declared that
fulfy half of the men had refused to
slgn'the agreement and that all nn5n
men would quit work when these men
retire tomorrow morning. Ho pre
dicts a complete tie-up of tha trolley
service of the city.
TO FTR-YISH NEWS.
WASHINGTON. July 1J. To assure
the folks at home of news of Amer
ican soldiers serving in France, Adju
tant General McCain will establish; a
new division in his office to gather the i
eafeanaUoa for trUnda and relativea.
ELKS' BIG WAR FUND WILL
BE USED FOR HOSPITALS!
Hospital Units Will Be
Supplied and Will Be
Equipped by Order.
NEW TORK. July 22. The $1.-
000,000 war fund to be raised by the
Benevolent and Protective Order of
Elks, will be used In establishing base
hospitals behind the firing lines, in
taking care of the families left be
hind, by soldiers and In aiding dls-
bled men to learn a new trade or a
profession. This announcement was
made here today by John K. Tener,
chairman of the war' relief commis
sion of the Elks, in a report submit
ted to the grand lodge as a result of
his conference a few days ago with
H. P. Davison, chairman of the Amer
ican Red Cross. The 400,ooo mem
bets of the organization will be noti
fied that they will be expected to
supply the SI. 004,000, which has the
unanimous approval of the grand
The hospital units to be established
by the Elks and which will be desig
nated with the name of the order.
will be maintained by the govern
ment and the American Red Cross.
Each hospital staff will be made up
of twenty-six surgeons, sixty-eight
nurses and 150 orderlies and will cost
about $80,000 to equip.
LONDON, July 22. Slam , has de.
clared that a state of war exists with
Germany and Austria, according to a
Reuter's dispatch from Bangkok. Nine
steamers, aggregating 19,000 tons,
have been seized.
The object of Slam's declaration Is
to "uphold the sanctity ot Interna
tional rights against nations showing
contempt for the principles of hu
manity and respect for small states."
All Germans and Austrians, the
dispatch adds, have been placed un
der arrest and their businesses
eiam. the "Land of the Pres." a
kingdom of southeastern Asia, has a
population variously estimated at be
tween 5,000,000 and 1.000.000; It is
probably something more than 8.000.
000. Universal liability to military
service on the European model now Is
In force in all the provinces of Slam
tncludtng Bangkok. The peace
strength of the army Is about 12,000
men while the navy consists nominal
ly of twenty-one, all of small size. In
peace there are 5.000 men. available
for service afloat beside a reserve of
In the nineteenth century regular
diplomatic relations were established
with the United States and the Euro
WASHINGTON. July 12. Foretfjjt
for North Carolina: Unsettled weattfj
Monday and Tuesday, probably ocoe
atonal showers, ....
THE SUNDAY CITIZEN
City . ... k . 5,290
Suburban . . .. 2,687
Country ... : ;. 1,096
Net paid . : 9,073
Service .. x ... 'm 205
Unpaid .: ; t.; t 93
Total . . . . 9,371
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