1 I ' II. ... .. THE BU1TDAY OTIZEK," ASHEVILLE, N. C, 'ATJOUST 2, 1917,- BARBED WIRE REPLACES "WELCOME" SIGN AT HOT SPRINGS HOTEL W ell-Balanced A DAY WITH THE INTERNED GERMANS. White Flag of Immigrant Service Floats Over Hotel That Was Wont to Welcome Many Guests Dur ing the Season How Interned Germans Pass ! Time. , , V. .y ; - l 1 THE MAMMOTH FURNITURE dfORE Clothes id 0 '6 6i .11 lttffU SJ SIU'IM If M 11 j I Unusual Bookcase M - A tun isjmadfrom'thmoswcarefully ielecteexican.CrptchMahoigxedium Ior ad dull. finish: 5 jThemtire absence of airy carvfiig addstcTits dignity fend elece; fillcd,withell bound booksit is worthy pfanybmei . Tire is something particularly appropriate m thi design r a bookcase; it speaks of early American history; of day-of simplicity. " Doubtless the original from which this dflgn is a copy Know a priceless heirloom ' Oiere "are fourrnoveabIe. shelvesY it "really "wilTac comrtdate more books than at first seems apparent xl's made by the Berkey "& Gay Furniture Company ofOand Ripi&5!JMcb.,gpuan iandtforthl Come in'and see our splendidhowngJUbrjffy fixature.. at prices Ihat will surprise jroiw J. L. SMATHERS & SONS Plvne. 226. 1 15-17 Brcadwayv THE CANNING SEASON ! Get Marion Holland's Complete Cook Book. 50 cts."; Urs. Rorer's Cook Book for $ 1 , and Mrs. Rorer's New Cook 3ook, $2. Complete information for canning and drying bods, as well as. economical cooking. aV Phone 184. AshsvtH nuyzi9 wvun wivic t Office Outfitters St Patton At, i -A Commercial Printers BATTERY PARK BANK AgHEVTT.T.TC. ft. 0, STATE!, COUNTX AND CUT DEPOSITORY. Capital ., $100,000 Surplus and Profits M, 220,000 , ' OFFICERS: XAMES P. SAWYER, Chairman of tbe Board, r. C COXE. President. KBWTN BLCDER, Vice-Pree, a RANKIN. Cashier, NO LOANS MADE BT THIS BANK TO ANT . OV ITS OFFICERS OR DIRECTORS. MONEY TO LOAN At 6 Per Cent Simple Interest .For. further information sea i J. J. CONYERS 27 Amer. NatL Bk. BIdg. Off. Phone 682. Res. Phone 2263. CullQe :,NonnaI.v, an3 industrial s School ' State Co-Educational Institution for the Training of Teachers f-A six-year course in regular high school and Junior oollega sab Jects. A four-year eourae In the 'Department of Education, supple mented by special courses for teachers in the other departments. An efficient Practice School under the direction f a' supervisor and three as&rtants. K A Wrong department of Domestic Science. ; , A practical course tn Agriculture, i ' (., . . Vocal, Instrumental and Public School Music Dormitories and administration building furnished with steam beat, electric lights and other modern conveniences. Environment un, surpassed. Location healthful and beautiful. Tuition free to all who are preparing to teach. . . Fall term begins September , 1917. s ' - For catalog or reservation of room, address . " i.- A. O. BETNOIJJS, President, .: " '." THE BEHTTIXO PIANO . . . , ' Worsed and used by the best Artists of the world. Price 1500. , J ( offered for 10 days for 1400. Who wiU got that bargain at ' P FALK'S MUSIC HOUSE ! ' ; For the Best la Places, Edlsons and Vlotroku. . f Phone 200.' . : . ' ' Fattoa Ave. - NORTH STATE SCHOOL FOR BOYS ; 'i X it Roberts, A. M., PrlndpeJ.' Zkrg and small boys given individual ' ' attestloB, Prejrxaon for the best colleges. For catalog and Information, i address the principal. Telephones, JttT and iU , Sixth yes,opeas Sept. t (By Donald GUlls.) At Hot Springs, SS miles west of Asbevllle via the Southern railway, where the French Broad emerges from its mountain walls with crash ing waters to a broadened valley, the hundred acre shaded lawn and roll ing upland surrounding a large four story hotel files the white flag and symbollo lettering, "U. S. I. 8." Indi cating that Is a United States immi grant station. A month ago the hotel was con ducted by J. E. Rumbough, and It was open to all comers; now the United States Is the proprietor and the guests are exclusively Germans 600 officers and 100 members of the crews of ships caught in American ports by the beginning of the war In 1914. Then invlsiblle signs spelled "Wel come;" now a four foot high wire netting topped by a strand of barbed wire surrounds the property and Is patrolled by khaki clad men armed with ttlatnln anil HariGTAA 'Strntnh- Unan." These visible, animate "signs" mean erboten to those Inside, and the translation In unmistakable North Carolina language to those outside Is "Keep Oilt." . ' To Bar Carious. Fence and guards are not so much to keep in the Germans as to keep out curious Americans. Why should these Germans wish to escape. While their compatriots are dying In misery or living in torture in France they are living at ease in a fine hotel where other guests have been paying $4 a day and "up," enjoying its golf course, tennis courts, natural hot baths, de lightful climate and superb scenery. They pay no bills; no dusky-handed pirates hold them up for tips. The French Broad lulls them to slumber with its sounds of the sea. And, if any German should think of running away there are certain reasons to suggest a change of mind. These are lanky hunters from the mountains who pause, at the fence to stare unwinking at the foreigners, their faces showing neither enmity nor friendship. The German mind comprehends that .once in the moun tains stout German less cannot match the long, loping stride that travels far and fast; there Is nothing in sea craft or official directions that tells how to counter these persons with their following of erect-tailed yellow hounds whose melody comes down at times from the hills to them. There is a well defined conviction in camp that these persons are somehow dif ferent from town-raised Belgians. These Germans were brought to Hot Springs from Ellis Island and other immigrant stations where they had been kept since the United States entered the war. They are officially designated as "detained immigrants," aliens who had not chosen to acquire residence in this country before the beginning of hostilities, and who are not now eligible to do so. Under President Wilson's proclamation they are also "alien enemies," and can be so treated if occasion requires. no Trouble. But no such occasion has arisen. "What will you do in case of any breach of discipline by the Germans?" was soked by a Citizen representative of Director, of Internment Alfred Hampton. "We have not come to that bridge," he replied. The Ger mans make absolutely no trouble; they strictly obey the few rules im posed on them by the American of ficials. But if occasion should arise? One need not be a student of physi ognomy to read firmness and decision in the faces of Mr. Hampton, Thomas V. , Kirk, ' inspector , in immediate charge, and Supervising Inspector F. F. Berkshire. They are courteous and considerate, but always there la the Iron hand . In the velvet glove. " The rules are few. At 9 a. m. dally the government charges answer roll call, and there is a daily fire drllL Then they are practically free, with in the grounds until 11 o'clock at night when taps sound. They gen erally keep busy, working when they work, playing when they play, loaf lna but little. One crest. massive- Shouldered man,' further distinguished by. a pair of trousers seemingly sev eral sizes toe large for him, who was seen hunting for a four-leafed clover. searched as diligently as u seeking a lost diamond. , Classes have been organised by the chief officers,, and dally instruction is given to petty officers and common seamen in mathematics, navigation and languages. "In three years near ly every one of these men will have the technical education necessary ' to command a ship," said an American official. . Squads run through a sys tem, of military "setting up" exer cises daily. . Work For Government. ' Some of the Germans work tfe the government, .60 ship carpenters be ing engaged" in-the ' construction of additional barracks on the grounds on whose completion a thousand more Germans will be brought to Hot Springs. Others are working as com mon laborers, and . others as me chanics. The station -officials decline to say what pay is given the workers, but it runs from $20 to ISO a month, it. is learned from other sources. Some of the aliens work in the seven acre vegetable garden where a nne crop oi iooa is growing, utners have their own little patches, mark ed by a border of white stones, where flowers and vegetables grow together. Cultivating the land appeals to the German taste,- but not all of the hotel guests know all there is to know about vegetables. ' One ship captain has - a little paten in which ne is cultivating beans and corn, and likewise one large and thriving Jimpson weed which is impudently taking advantage of the poor man's behalf that It is some strange American vegetable which has sprung up from a former plant ing. "The thing was half grown be fore I noticed it," said an official, "and now I haven't the heart to tell the captain It Is a weed." The - artistic German taste has caused a village of mlnature rustic houses i to rise by the riverside. They are built of three limbs, roots, stones and odds and ends of material found on the hotel grounds. One, for ex ample, has panels made of old mat ting and carpet. They have benches and tables, but steins ars lacking. The German is aware, possibly painfully so, that sundry Webbs and Kenyons and other members of the American reichstag which sometimes suspends its talk to act, have scattered sundry. "Verboten" signs along the North Carolina border,, and that steins are now purely ornamental. - Get Newspapers. ' . . The Germans are permitted to re ceive newspapers apd other reading matter, and, subject to the station censorship, to write and receive let ters. About thirty- members of of ficers families have come to the town of Hot Springs, and these the officers are privileged to receive for an hour each Sunday. ' They can also see the families any time they wish, the families coming to the fence, but no conversation is then allowed. Few visitors are allowed to inspect the sta tion and these must not speak to ths Germans except by way of salutation in passing, "Good morning" or "good afternoon." The Germans do not rlv salutes when meeting American officials although they -generally sDeak In uasslntf. Even the suards are not allowed to talk to their charges. There are three dozen of these guards, working In three shifts. JPracucmiy all or them are residents of this section. "But there Isn't anything In the rules that we shant listen when they talk to us "remarked a guard who was off duty. "But I don't see any harm in our talking to them," said the man, "because they wouldn't believe any thing we say. They. don't believe the Americans have repaired tnc snip ma chinery they damaged Just bfeore we came Into the war. They say the Americans never will be utile to re pair those ships so they will run." Must Be Shown. This suard maintained that the Germans can hot do anything unless they are told or shown exactly now to do It. He said the carpenters were slow to learn the simplest method of work If it differed from that to which they had been trained. This found some corroboration in the admission of an official, although he said the carpenters were somewhat handicap ped because they were accustomed to metric measures Instead of American measures. Another guard scoffed at the idea of the Germans making elTctlve use of trench bombs. "Why, they can't throw," said he. "When they want to pitch a stone out of the way the throw It just like a girl. If the, -Ger man soldiers can't throw any Ibettepl than these fellows they will ftttve-a fat chance when some of onr base ball players get in the trenches and cut loose like ' they were trying to head a runner off at the plate." But if the Germans cannot throw It is not because they are not physi cally capable. The type is big. beefy and blonde, generally with thick croppy hair, and often with a sharp ly pointed head. They are robust and muscular, with, the sole excep tion of some of the waters. "Alto gether they are the best built lot of men I ever saw together," said the guard who talked. Some few were long limbed and long headed, appar ently all of these officers, but the great majority have square faces and round heads. They form a type of Germans, a type so pronounced that at a glance one knows they are Ger mans; the difference between them and an American boarn is striking. Most of them are natives of the North German seaboard. Many Officers, Most of the aliens seem to be men of middle age, although , there are some young fellows, and a few gray haired ones. This Is accounted for by the fact that the bulk of them are officers, .captains, mates, pursers, en gineers, petty officers, occupations which call neither for very young nor very old men. Who they are the of ficials do not say, but oertalnly the' captain of the great ship Vaterland is there, and also some officers from the Kronprlncessin Cecil ie, the treas ure ship that raced with darkened ports from mid-Atlantic t Bar Har bor with her cargo of gold -when, she got the wireless warning of war and saw the flash of cruiser searchlights. All manner of clothing is worn by the Germans. Some have blue uni forms, some white with white caps, others wear civilian clothes, and still others wear a mixture of uniform and plain clothes. Caps and not hats are preferred. Croquet seems the fav orite game. . Delicate Matters. 'I The handling of these aliens Is re garded by the United States govern ment as a somewhat delicate matter. It wishes to treat them considerately, but avoid "spoiling" them. Matters are now running smoothly, and it-is for fear of possible interruption that the officials wish to keep the station closed and eliminate visitors. It has been proposed that soldiers be in stalled as guards, but this is regarded as unnecessary and expensive. The aliens are now on the "honor systemf praotically. Rules are few and unobstrusive. The Germans have a system of regulations for their own guidance, and committees te. enforce them. For example, . the regulation against smoking in the writing room Is their rule. . But, on the other hand the authori ties do not wish to be in the attitude of keeping- these public enemies in luxurious idleness while Americans may. be stinted . for food, and they are Irritated at reports which place them in this attitude befors the peo ple. "These men do not live like princes," said an official. "They are quartered in a hotel meant to house 300 and made to hold 600. They are doubled in rooms or bunked in the halls. It is not true that the gov ernment allows $1 a day for their food and they provide thir own com missariat." "The government provides all the food," continued the speakers, "Food of the kind these men have been ac customed to, and it is cooked by Ger man chefs. As these chefs are ex perts, former cooks of big liners, na turally the meals are appetizing. The food cost to the government is not over fifty cents a day per man. As for the "luxuries" we furnish see for yourself." "Vcrboten," On Door. A "Verboten" sign was on the door of the spotless kitchen where a pon derous' chef with bushy whiskers looked like Admiral Von Tlrpits In a cook's cap. On the range -was an enormous pan of cabbage, in a small er receptacle were turnips, in another potatoes, there was a pan of roast beel, two kettles of soup, and on a steamer a pan of beans. "They like stews and soups." said the official. AJl -the bread is rye.. ' The dining room was no less clean. The tables were plain boards and sta tionary. . The crockery was plain, and very thick. Distinctions between of ficers and men are observed here, the ordinary seamen and, waiters eating first ' ;. Before the Germans can be put to work, there must first be work for them to do and at present there Is not enough work to "go round." They can be put to work, said an official, and it is hoped to have many of them employed on the highway - to Ten nessee when work on it starts. The Hague convention provides for working enemies," said an official, "but not on military works. - As a matter of fact the convention is not binding on this country but tho de partment observes It However, that is aside from- oor problem as we have no military works here." The location of the station In the Davidson river section of Pisgah Na tional Forest was urged because the Germans could be used In building roads there. The sit was considers, but Inaccessibility, the impossibility of erecting buildings at once, the need for water and sewer systems over came tba advantages, and the hotel property was leased for a year, with the privilege of a year's renewal. -at 118,400 a year It had buildings, What the makers leave out in quantity of materials they make up in quality of tailoring, in skeie ton-lined KUPPENHEIMER CLOTHES It's very easy for a light-weight suit to get baggy and shapeless. And it's very hard to prevent it's But Kuppenheimer skill has long ago ove come the obstacles that mere tailors are still wrestling with. That's why you can see such a marked difference in light-weight summer clothes. IS They cost no more. In fact, in the long ruri they cost less. Your size is here, your style, your pat tern, your shades $22-$25-$27.50 ; . R." B. ZA6E1R V f Eight Biltmore Aye. "Just a Whisper! Off the Square water and sewer, and to accessible. mA w th. ak-vT-kkrtari thousand ! 1U uuuoo .sa vf- who are coming seven barracks, dupli cates or army cantonments, mo in .besides a kitchen and dining A nri hniV) hnnaAi. fa.cn bar rack Is 80 by 168 feet in size, up-and-down board sides, double floored, with composition root, ami """" along the walls. The mess hall will be 48 by 178 feet, the kitchen In the middle. The barrack bath house will be behind its cantonment its size 1 by B0 feet, equipped with showers. 400,000 feet of lumber will be re quired for these constructions and this is now Demg aeuvorcu uj i ti i t v k. m n a n v it tna rate of two cars a day. The plumbing contract was Blvm m Ino- nnrnn. nV nf A h V1 11 ft- AmlY R1611 said the buildings could not be com pleted before March, but Director Hampton, tne assistant. juumiuii of immigration who was designated by Secretary of Labor W. B. Wilson as director of internment and who will be at the station until the sta tion is complete, hopes to finish" the work In two months, He is desirous of giving contracts locally wherever possible, and suggests that Ashevllle supply houses keep. in touch with the work. The station hospital is located In the "Hampton cottage," that which was built and occupied many years agj by General Wade Hampton, the noted Confederate general who . later was governor of South Carolina and V. S. senator, the father of Director Hampton. It is in charge of Dr. Brown of the V. S. Public Health Ser vice whose address to the Southern Sociological congress attracted" much attention. Last week there were nine patients in the hospital. One, who was sick when he came to the sta tion, died Tuesday. Hot Springs people seem to be well pleased to have the station there. The feature which most appeals to them is the concert which the -band of fifty pieces gives each Thursday and Bun day afternoons. On July fourth many people came from the surrounding country to hear the band play, and when It did not were much Incensed, thinking it was intended to show dis respect to the American holiday. It is stated however that the band would have played it it had known music was expected. - Everyone in the station seems to be serious. So far as can be seen the Germans are contented, but . there la an absence of Joking and laughing Among so many Americana even if confined in a foreign land, one im agines there would be some , merri ment some display of humor, but these are lacking in the Hot Springs station. "Are these men satisfied with their treatment?" was asked of a na turalized German who had talked with some of the members of Ger man offlcers-s families. "Oh. yes," aid he. "And they are glad to be here instead of being in France?" Emphatic was his answer. "No. ninety-nine out of a hundred of these men would be in the war If they could get there." - But there is some humor at the fence. Some persons who have not Informed themselves of conditions re gard the station as a government maintained curiosity, a sort of me nagerie of two-headsd. three-legged foreigners. One of them oama to a guard station, a youth wearing an Imitation cow-boy sombrero and a suit of clothes that accentuated an extreme tailor's design. "Say," he announced, "Where la he, I want to see him." The imperturbable guard demanded, "See who?" "The head man, the big mutt," responded the . i- , imn..,'. , V. a -mam T .ira n fa mm " yuuwl, Alien. li.u .u. i m . The guard, considering, asked, "What you want to rev mm vuuuv, mi.. renlv was made, "I wanter go through and see what's here. I wanter see everything; don't want to mis noae." , The , guard pointed to another .sta tion. "You ask them two man thera which is the big mutt" said he, and, turned a wink on the, bystanders. "That f slier must be a general, oit something," remarked one, In aaew? minutes the "general or something"! was seen hastening from' the t'bli, mutt" station toward tho suburb of Hot Springs, doubtless embittered ,to. ward both the United States and Oer many. , : ' ' A POSITIVE CURE i For Loss of Tim and Money,. for Avoidance of Disputes, for Failui to Keep Becorda f Receipts and Expenses ' A CHECK BOOK INSURES A POSnTOB CtJBJD 'T'1' "i TO HAVE A CHECKING ACCOUNT Is not a bobby. It Is mora than a mere convenience. There Is reason, In it , It Is wise, and it . I paya A checking account with a strong bank provides a safe place for your money. Bills ars paid by check which we return to you, J and th'ese canoelled checks show a receipt la , fun for every dollar' you pay out Tour checking account hires a bookkeeper that keeps sy v ; record of all your receipts and expenditures without cost to yon. Money is safs from loss by fire, thlsves or poor lnvestmnt v, Wherf , , contemplating an Investment your checking account entitles). yea to the benefit of the knowledge and experience of tba bank' , officers f . and. following their advice, you can scarcely place your maasy In .., worthless Investmsnt : . u . . r CITIZENS BANK ASHEVILLE, S. C Our Country and Our Flag , ' 5 . A J (a. fmmlrv fwv- nni4 (rrr Vit rTuC.. never 1 . i i . r i l. - ! j . t. t : ( dream a dream due or serving net uiu juu, s vu u.vu.. the service carry you through a thousand halhv ". , t "No matter what happen to you, no matter what flatters ' you or who abuses you, never look at another Flag, never let ; night pass, but you pray God to blesa that Flag. v , ' j ''Remember, boy, that behind officers and government ',' and people even, there is the Country Herself your Country and that you belong to her as you belong tq your owit mother; ' .. -.' :'--' 'f ''f-$ "Stand by her, boy, as you would stand by your mother.1-: Hand-mad Flags; 4 ft by 6 ft-..-Uo.OO :' - Why not get tha best they are the cheapest in th end?, " ? lVforthupJVlcDuffi No. 33 Patton Are HARDWARE Thorns K 11 .

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