THE ASHEVILLE CITIZEN Tire WEATHER THUNDERSHOWERS CITIZEN WANT ADS BRING RESULTS J3L VOL. XXXIII, NO. 305. ASHEVILLE, N. C, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 24, 1917. PRICE FIVE CENTS 30ZEM WHITE MEN KILLED BY NEGRO TROOPS IW RIOT AT HOUSTON, TEXAS SENATE REJECTS EFFORT TO RAISE Tl IKES ON INCOMES COLLEGE HEAD IS PLACED IN CHARGE 1 COAL CONTROL A Warning In Time Saves a Fine By Large Vote Throws Out i Anthracite Prices Fixed and Amendment Offered by La Follette. iftot Known How Many Ne groes Are Dead as Re sult of Clash. 1 PARTISAN LINES TO vj r IAM f. DISAPPEAR TODAY OUNG WHITE WOMEN ONG THE WOUNDED , Simmons and La Follette I Clash Sharply Over Jjdlinois Soldiers Finally Re- j the Measure. store Order Little In formation Obtained. Dr. H. A. Garfield Is Named Administrator. JOBBERS HARD HIT BY THE NEW SCALE HOUSTON, Texas, Aug. 24. 0 Twelve white men, civilians, police officers and national guardsmen were killed and snore than a score of persons, (men, women and children were founded in an outbreak here tonight of negro soldiers of the Twenty-fourth United States Jnfantry, stationed here to act as guards during the construc tion of the camp where the Illi nois troops will train. It is not known how many friegroes are dead. Captain Killed. Captain J. W. Mattes, A Bat tery, Second Illinois field artil lery, was among the dead, being tkilled when he tried to remon strate with the negro soldiers. The outbreak is supposed to have originated in a difficulty which two negro soldiers had .with police officers who arrest ed them for disturbing the peace and sent them to the police station early in the af ternoon:. i ' Nine persons, police, civilians and soldiers are in the hospital is a result. oi tne ciasn.witn he negro soldiers who are sta ioned as a guard during the onstruction of Camp Logan. wo of the wounded were young Ifwhite women. j b mng startea aoout 8 o ciock and continued intermittently J for more than an hour. Police heavily armed rushed to the scene in automobiles and WASHINGTON, Aug. 23. After another day's debate, embittered by chnrges that those desiring to make Bituminous Dealers Are Af fected by New Scale Prices for Anthracite. WASHINGTON, Aug. 23. Govern ment control of the coal Industry wa made almost complete tonight when the war unpopular and embarrass the i President Wilson named Dr. H. A. administration were behind the move-j Garfield, president of Williams col- ment to greatly Increase tax rates in the war tax bill, the senate late to day rejected 58 to 21 Senator FaFol lette's amendment to raise $668,784, 000 from Individuals' Incomes instead of $490,1(4,000 as proposed in the bill. Partisan Lines lost. The fight to increase the income tax rates will be resumed tomorrow with partisan lines lost. Senator LaFol lette has pending two more substi tutes for the income tax schedule, proposing to levy about $600,000,000 and $505,000,000 respectively and Senator Hollis late today Introduced another substitute proposing to raise about $550,000,000. Leaders opposing further increases expressed confidence after today's initial vote on the first and maximum substitute of the Wisconsin senator that they would muster enough votes to retain the income rates now in the bill. They were not so sanguine, however, of preventing an increase lege, fuel administrator, fixed anthra cite prices for producers and Jobbers and set a limit on protiu to be made by bituminous wholesalers. , The next and final step will be to make regulations for coal distribution and to fix anthracite and bituminous retail prices. This will be done when a distribution program Is perfected and when the federal trade commis sion has completed a plan under whijh retail profits may he fixed. Jobbers Hit Hani. The anthracite prices fixed effec tive September 1 are virtually tho same as those now charged at the mines under a voluntary arrangement made by producers with the trade commission. The prices that may be charged by Jobbers, however, will re duce present costs sharply. Bitumi nous Jobbers profits, too, will be cut by the new price scale set for whole sale transactions. The anthracite scale for railroad- owned mines which include practically all the big producers: The anthracite prices, effective September 1, range from $4 to $5 per GREAT COUNCIL WILL BE HELD AT MOSCOW SOON in the rates on war profits, which un 2,240 pounds), f. o. b. mlnee. may be reached Saturday. Jobbers are allowed to add a profit of In heated discussion, preceding to- ir,, ,K ,, ! . day s voting. Senator Simmons, chair-jfor deliveries east of Buffalo and of man of the .nance committee and not more than thm west f .Viator LaFollette clashed sharply ! H .,, M (Continued on Page Two.) T IS TO tor Simmons declared that Interests seeking to embarrass the administra tion, and against the war policy, were Interested in making the bilj unpopu lar by increasing its tax burden. Senator LaFollette retorted with a denunciation of any attempt to ques tion the loyalty of those advocating a greater tax levy and the charge that the bill as drawn indicated "devotion to big incomes and war profits." Borah Speaks. Senator Borah spoke briefly In favor of higher taxation of 'war profits and incomes. Senator Stone, a finance committee member, said he was sur prised at unexpected and somewhat formidable opposition to tne commit tee's revision work and urged the sen ate to support the bi-partisan ma jority draft. The vote on the first LaFollette substitute, which proposed new in- The Jobbers' profit on bituminous is 1 United to fifteen cents per ion of 2,000 pounds, wherever delivered. Anthracite prices are fixed as fol lows: white ash-broken $4.55, eg, 14.45;- stove,' 4.7Q; chestnut, , 14.80; pea, $4; red ash-broken, $4.66; tove, $4.90; chestnut, $4.90; pea, $4 10; lykens valley-broken, $5; egg, $4.90; stove, $5.10; chestnut, 5,30; pea, $4.85. Additional Charge Allowed. Producers who incur the expense of re-screening anthracite at Atlantic or Lake ports for re-shipment by wa ter, are permitted to add not more than five cents per ton to the price. Other producers may charge an ad vance of seventy-five cents a ton of 2,240 pounds over the figures set for the railroad-owned mines. Those who Incur the expense of re-screening It at Atlantic or Lake ports may add an come surtaxes ranging from one per i additional five cents a ton. cent, on incomes between $5,000 and I Anthracite Jobbers delivering coal Interesting Admission Made by German Foreign Secretary. RESPECT NEUTRALS. a nrcsmir-o t a tut a... in ' A ' based on might alone and not on right is doomed to failure from the be ginning," was the Interesting admis sion made by Dr. Richard von Kuehl mann, German imperial -foreign aec- I avetary, in his maiden speech to tne jffrnain committee of the relchstag yes L Jterday. la TW ITiiAi1niftnn laid rinwn thm fnl. lowing program f First, the maintenance of cordial relations with the allies, and second, 'With the neutrals "whose rights and necessary conditions of existence we shall be most careful to respect as far as is compatible with enemy trickery and our own military needs." "To arrest further defection of Im portant neutrals Is an extremely serious and Important task confront ing us," said Dr. von Kuehlmann. "We .can only solve it successfully by observing tho principle that in politics might counts but also right, anp that only if we base our conduct on both can we hope to achieve lasting re sults. "We have finally to consider our re lations with our enemies. Although direct diplomatic relations have been broken, public opinion is not bound by rfontlers made by our guns and trenches. It is our Important duty to study the psychology of our enemies, to follow their intrigues and the changing currents of public opinion, o that our hand may not be proffered when the spirit of our enemies is hard and unbending, and also so that sharp words may not be said when the ice on the' other side is melting ana a onclllatory feeling is beginning to be shown. .- v "There to also the factor of relatione between the German federal state and the relchstag. I ask the relch stag to give me its 'confidence. Now, when we probably are beginning the last year of the war and I ear it after mature consideration w de sire, aa far a my department ia con cerned, to begin wltv the firm inten tion of - holding out until a satis factory end haa been reached. I hope for a peaee which will guarantee Ger many in future against a recurrence (Continued on Page Four.) iContinued on Page Two) TROOPS TRANSFERRED TEXAS HOUSE PREFERS FROM CALIFORNIA TO IMPEACHMENT CHARGES THE CHARLOTTE CAMP AGAINST G0V. FERGUSON Camp Tremont at Palo Alto Bill Will Be Presented to Abandoned as Train- Senate at Once, Is ing Camp. Indicated. CHARLOTTE READY. RESULT OF PROBE. WASHINGTON, Aug. 28. The For- AUSTIN, Texas, August 28. The ty-flrst national guard division, com- house, In committee of the whole, to- great Offensive of Italians along the isonzo front continues with a gradual movement toward goal . . Vienna Evidently Believes That Italians Are Fighting for the Possession of Triest and Is Bending Eveiy Energjlo Dismantle That City of Us ValuablesFrench Lines Holding at Verdun and Canadians Make Further Gains. ' The great offenstvf of the Italians along the Isonzo front dally continues to gain in lmpttuijand apparently the strong Austrian counter-attacks nowhere have been able to stem the tide that is bringing General Cador na's men gradually closer toward their objective. s Meanwhile, the German operations east of Riga seemingly are developing in strength, aa the Russians have given further ground, to the enemy. Around Verdun 14 the French army Is holding Its gajna of the early week unhampered by the German in fantry, but with the guns of the crown prince marking the line at various points. At Lens the Canadians have worke-1 their way further Into the environs of the coal city and In Belgium, niar Ypres, Field Marshal Hatg's men have been victorious in a two days' battle, making gains over their front vary ing in depth from half a mile to a few hundred yards, notwithstanding the tenacious resistance of the legions of Crown Prince Rupprecht. On both the northern and southern ends or the battle line In the Anstro Italian theatre the Italians have press ed forward their line for considerable new gains agjinst the Austrlans. The counter-attacks of the Aurlans are of the most extreme violence, but no where have they been able to dislodge the Italians. An Instance of this is the holding for three days under most vicious counter-attacks of a Htrong Austrian position captured southeast of Dosso Falti. More than 1,000 pri soners already have been Liken by the Italians, - ' Stripping Trlcit. -Although" the exact extent of the Italian advance has not yet become apparent and the objective aimed at Is not definitely known. General Ca dorna over the entire thirty-seven miles of the fighting front has every where made progress and the Aus trlans are reported unofficially to be stripping Triest of its valuables and moving them to Vienna and other places seeming evidence that the Austrlans anticipate where the Ital ians hope their final blow will fall. The chief British military observer, Major-General Maurice, says the Ital ians already have gained an Impor tant victory which gives promise of developing presently into a victory of the first magnitude. East of Riga, the Russians have fallen back before the enemy all along the line from Ragredzem on the Gulf of Riga, through Tukum and Kim morn to the upper reaches of the River Aa. Fighting is going on a scant twenty miles east of Riga In the Lake Habit sector. The German off), clal communication, In announcing German gains in this region says the Russians evacuated positions without offering battle; previously having de stroyed villages behind them, ' , To the south In Volhynia the Ger mans also have - delivered attacks against the Russians' for-gains otter, ritory but later were dislodged in counter-attacks. In the Roumanian theatre the Russo- Roumanian, troops have taken the offensive in various sectors or repulsed Teutonlo allied counter-attacks. In Russia the political situation again is to the fore. Petrograd news papers take the pessimistic view that unless an agreement between the con tending political groups Is reached at the approaching extraordinary nation al council to be held at Moscow open conflict must follow. The constituent assembly elections have been post poned until November 2S. The situation remains acute In Fin land owing to the difficulty of estab lishing a new cabinet. Premier Kerensky Will Pre side Over Deliberations , of Delegates. ' SITUATION CAUSES 4 CONCERN IN THE U.S American Officials Watch ing Developments in Neyf Republic. gon, Montana, Idaho and Wyoming, I hm . Inln,hml ordered trained at Camp i 1 " nor james n. rerguson De presented to the senate. The vote was eighty one to fifty-two. haa brsen Green, Charlotte, N. C, and Camp Fremont at Palo Alto, Cal., has been abandoned because the California state health authorities nave aeciaea . ..,;- mvmtcm ,,,k J. commuwe oi nine was appointed ;Sr.: ::rT.nrnrnn wm,M Immediately to draw up article of be Injurious to the health of the com munity. Secretary Baker, announcing the change, said today that the war de partment could not aee its way to impeachment and report the articles to the house as the first business to morrow mominar. Th action was taken as a result of the Investigation I enmity of many members of his con NEGRO PREACHER KILLED BY MOB jFBOTH RACES Said That Dead Man Had Tried to Stir Up Opposi tion to Draft. BELIEVES THAT CREST OF OUTBREAK IS PAST PERU SEEMS READY TO TORlfi S. C, Aug. 23. W. T. Sims, a negro preacher about fifty years of age, met death five miles from here this morning at tne nanas oi a moD composed of unknown white men and negroes. Sims was upending the night at the home of Bob Burris, who states that the yard waa full of men of both races at the time Sims was removed. 81ms was shot In -he legs, wounded In the head and brutally beaten. Sims was found about 600 yards from BurrUr" home shortly after day light. He was conscious at Ihe time but could give no conereni . story oi ths nlarht'a hanpenlngs. He did say that he knew of no cause why he had been so treated, It is said by members of his race that he had made reckless statements about the war and had endeavored to stir ud oDoosition to the draft It is said that he naa incurred tne Infantile Paralysis is Epi demic in the Virginia Val ley, Commissioner States. Y of thirteen charges filed by Speaker F. O. Fuller against the governor, al spend half a million dollars for such 'i.e-ine- moral aota in nfn a sewage system as the state healtn i:(,nraenta.tivii Wm Riadan nt authorities thought necessary In a Lubbock, Introduced a resolution that temporary camp. Decision to trans fer the division to Camp Greene, caused much speculation aa to the pos sibility that the troops would be sent to France at an early date. No con firmation of the report could be ob tained in any official quarter, how ever. It would mean a month's delay to build a water-carried sewer ' system and . the camp at Charlotte Is now practically ready. The transfer of the division to Charlotte, Secretary Baker declared, would make it possi ble to get the division under training without delay and bring it more than 1,500 miles closer to its point of em barkation. . A suggestion that the Camp Fre mont site might be used as a national army cantonment was discussed by Senator Pbetand with the secretary, but no definite plan for this has been worked out. , Reports that the Forty-first division might soon follow' the Twenty-sixth and Forty-second divisions to France, apparently were founded on the fact that the far west is not strongly rep resented in the Forty-second or "rain bow" division and the Twenty-sixth is composed entirely of New England troops. The Twenty-sixth ana the Forty-second i In process of con centration and both probably will be ready to so a soon aa hipping. U the committee of the whole renort back to the house recommending pre ferment of impeachment charges. The Bledsoe resolution was adopted In the committee of the whole, 81 to 52 and by the house 82 to 61. The articles of impeachment to be drawn first must be passed on by the house before they can go to the senate. Legislative leaders expressed the be lief that the articles, in view of to night's vote, will be adopted quickly. Should the articles be signed tomor. 1 row. Goviernor Ferruson would be automatically suspended from office and his place taken by Lieutenant Governor : Wm. P. Hobby, pending senate action. The investigation which ended today had been going on al most three weeks. Speaker : Fuller Issued a call for a session of the house to consider impeachment late in July. Governor Ferguson later called the entire legislature In special session to consider passage of the state univer sity appropriation bills which he had vetoed. The senate took up these bills on August 1, the day of conven ing and later passed them but the house proceeded to the Impeachment investigation. : THE WEATHER. creeation of late because of keen crltl cism and alleged misapplication of church funds, Two men, Fred Penninger. white, and Frank Twltty, oolored. are be ing held by the police on charge of complicity In the crime. G. A. R. MEETING ENDS. BOSTON. Aug. 23. The fifty-first annual encampment of the Grand Army of the Republic was brought to a close here today with the election of Colonel Orlando A. Somers, of Ko komo, Ind., as commander-in-chief and the selection of other officers. Most of the new elective officers are westerners, the west also winning the next encampment at Portland, Oregon. The election of Commander Somers was without opposition. The only semblance of a real con test was when the nomination was called for the office of Junior vice com mander. J. H. Lltaenberg, of Delaware, John M. Vernon, of nilnota, and Chaa. H. Faber, of Virginia, were put for ward. , Vernon won on the second ballot The new senior vice-oom- mander elected today W Brlagdier General John L. Clem, retired, of Washington, popularly known aa the drummer boy of chlcaamauga.-; VEKSETi FIjOATED. . AN ATLANTIC PORT. Aug. tt. The British sailing ship Tanmar ashore for 14 hours off the middle Atlantic coast, was successfully float- WASHINGTON. Aug. II. Forecast for North Carolina: Occasional thuiv. ed tartar by wrecking tun and toavtd RICHMOND. Va., Aug. 23. Dr. Ennion G. Williams, state health commissioner, said tonight that while infantile paralysis ia epidemic in the Virginia valley, centering In Rocking ham county, the condition Is not alarming, and he believes that the crest of the outbreak has been passed. While the counties and towns in the valley and other parts of the north western section of the state have taken quarantine measures .against the dis-' ease, these have been purely local and the state authorities have not con sidered the situation sufficiently grave to take any steps aside from sending a member of the health department to the Infected districts to assist In any local precautions deemed neces sary. A representative of the fed' eral health service is also assisting in the work. Dr. Williams says that conditions are no worse than they were last year and that the death rate has not been unusually high. Acting on the recommendation of the city and county health boards, the directors or the Winchester fair to, day voted to call off the meeting an nounced for the latter part of Sep tember, because of the spread of in' rant lie naralvsls. It is also an nounced that the annual rieeting of the Anti-Saloon league and other, con ventions wnicn were to nave oeen held in valley towns have been post poned or abandoned. Readiness Indicated in Pe ruvian President's Mes sage to Congress. PETROGRAD, Aug. Jl. Premie Kerensky will preside over the ex traordinary national counoll which is to be held shortly at Moscow. , The list of the delegate haa not yet been i completed but it la announced, that there will be one hundred representa tives present from the councils 'of workmen's and soldiers' and peasants' deputies, five from each of the na tionalities, ten front the Cossack coun- ' cil. fifteen' from the Petrograd muni cipality, fourteen from the universl- ties and in addition delegates from - Zematvos, labor unions,' academies of science and arts, the woman's unions and the orthodox church.' " , Army Represented. ' ' t The army will be represented by j delegates from committees at ths front and from other amy committees. , Lieutenant General J Korniloff com mander-in-chief of the Russian armies ' will attend the council and deliver an . address. . ?",'..---, .-V' ' On behalf ' of - the v aovsrnment. Premier . Kerensky, Vice-Premier Nekrasoff, minister of ths Interior, M. - Avskteneff and M. Prokopovlt, minis- J ter of trade and industry will speak. No resolutions will be submitted to ' the conference for voting. CAUSES CONCERN. ', ' - : WASHINGTON, Aug. 23. Russia's ' critical internal situation, aggravated by the new German drive against 1 Riga threatening the .capital,- is watch- . ed by officials hers with grave con- -eern. It became known today that official advices are closely ' in acoord with press dispatches describing grave . political conditions. , ' . extraordinary national ' council to be ' 4 (Continued on Page two.) IS TO SENSES, Ol'EN SAYS Pope's Peace ; Proposal t Seems to Promise This, , , Senator Declares. HOW U.S. WILL HELP. NEGKOES LEAVE STATE. RALEIGH, N. C. Aug. JS. Twenty thousand negroes have left North Carolina fen der Inducements from agencies In northern states holding out high wages and good living conditions, according to Com missioner of Labor M. L. Ship man, of North Carolina, who in response to Inquiry from William Coleman, alderman-at-large, of Milwaukee, Wis., gave this and other facta rela tive to the labor situation. - "North Carolina has not been so hard hit as soms of the states further south," Commissioner Shlpman wrote, "but the practice of unrcrupu lous agents has become more noticeable In this state during tho past few weeks." WASHINGTON. Aug. 23. Peru's readiness to break relations with Ger many is clearly indicated In the Peruvian president's recent message to congress, which was received from the American . minister and made public today by the state department. The attitude of the United States In enter ing the war was endorsed and it was Intimated that Peruvian waters were open to American warships. Unofrclal dispatches from Amster dam saying Peru had sent Germany an ultimatum as the result of a Ger man prize court's refusal of damages for the sinking of the Peruvian sail ing vessel, Lorton, created no sur prise at the state department. The Peruvian president's message to con-: gress said: "Peru, which in all its acts of international life, has endeavored to Incorporate these principles of Justice In the Judicial and political relations of the American people; Peru, which in a war not far back sacrificed for these Ideals the blood of Its sons, the richness of Its treasuries and the hopes of Its future, cannot be In different to the words Of President Wilson and adheres, once more, to such noble purposes." CNDERWOOD TO RESIGN. WASHINGTON, Aug. II. E. Mar vin Underwood, assistant attorney general, announced tonight that he would resign August tl. Mr. Under wood declined to comment on reports from the south that he would become general counsel for the Seaboard Air Line railroad, saying he would make known his plans later. Mr. underwood gave up tne prac tice of law In Atlanta February 24, 1914. to accept his present position. He has taken part In a number of cases under Attorney General Gregory one of them being the test case of the Adamson law. He is a native of Georgia. " DESERTS TAMMANY. WASHINGTON. Aug. 23. In-, the frat anAch on the ffanera.1 auhlent of ; the war and prospects of peace de livered in the senate since the publi cation of Pope Benedict's peace pro posals, Senator Owen, of Oklahoma, declared today that the fact that the pope, with the approval of Austria and apparently with the approval of Ger many, proposed "simultaneous and reciprocal diminution of armaments" seemed to promise that the Teutonlo autocracy was coming to its senses. , "We will help them to reach s con-' dltlon of sanity," he added, "by multi plying our war efforts and by co-ordinating every nation In the world in this struggle against the world domi nation of the Teutonlo powers." The senator spoke in support of his Joint resolution proposing an Interna ' tlonal government and police to main tain peace, he said it would be mad ness, for the world to -temporise with the Teutonic "conspiracy to destroy the democracies of the world." "Seven-eights of the people of the. world," he continued, "are at heart opposed to the ambitions of the Prus sian military autocracy and the Unit-' ed States should, strenuously take steps to Induce every neutral nation to combine with the entente allies -in - making war. on Prussianlsm. , "I believe the principles which are laid down in the proposed resolution as a basis of international govern ment will be acceptable. In substance to all the nations of the world and to the better elements of the Tea- ,. tonio people, but are not acceptable, of course to the war-made Prussian : Pan-German elements. There is some reason to believe that the Ger man people are about to awake from their dreams and that even the mili tary group may be coerced by German opinion." t . ' .. NEW TORK, Aug. The Sulli van club, an outgrowth of the Timothy D. Sullivan association, the famous or ganisation formed as aa adjunct to Tammany Hall by "Big Tim" Sulli van, announced lta defection tonight from the ranks of Tammany in a statement which said the club would support Mayor John Purroy Mttchel In his campaign for - rjaaelectlati aATilnat - Judge John F. Hyian. the THE ASHEI1LLE CllIZEX Circulation Yesterday Gty . ... 'C Vv 4.885 Suburban . . v 4,904 Country ..... . .- 1,590 Net paid . . . 1 1.379 Service 198 Unpaid . . 150 Total . VV. .11.727 the nfferirurKiofrtoege;-tlmeaJy'. Nvailabja, -4 f ft &.Ji A Tmanjr Bomlnsa. rf j?eraoowera jrriaay; jm Of Wifcrf-0- JSJj

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