THE ASHEMLLE CITIZEN THE WEATHER THUNDERSnOWERS CITIZEN WANT ADS BRING RESULTS VOL. XXXILT, NO. 311. ASIIEVTLLE, N. C, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 30, 1917. PRICE FIVE CENTS ZONE SYSTEM FOR PROMPT REPLYTO REPORT RUSSIANS LEAVE TRENCHES AND TAKE TO PLIGHT! sMKSsasMssMBft More Hopeful Signs Noted in Other Sections But Out look None Too Rosy. 'E Tl TAX DEBATE WITH II SPEECJTON PEACE Stone Denies That He Is Senator McKellar's Amend ment Is Adopted, and Tax Eliminated. Even Entente Governments Were Not Prepared, for Such Quick Disposal. Pro-German In His Efforts. TERUPTS IR Unclean! HI R5 VOTED E VAT Ci NOTE INSENATE CHAMBER IS O SENATOR STONE DEFENDS POSITION Petition for Cloture Pre sented by Senator Simmons. WASHINGTON, Aug. 29. The cli max of the senate's contest over the war tax bill was reached today by disposal of publishers' tax provisions and opening of the long-expected de bate on war profits. Outstanding developments today follow: Petitions for cloture signed by fifty six senators to limit debate and force early passage of the bill were pre sented by Senator Simmons. In charge of the bill. A vote on cloture can not be taken under the rules be fore Friday. Increase of the bill's levy on war profits from $562,000,000 to $1,060, 000,000 was proposed in amendments proposed by Senator Simmons for a majority of the finance committee, designed as a compromise to prevent more radical increases. The senate made changes In the bill which, including the almost dou bled levy on war profits proposed by the committee would bring Its total to $2,522,470,000 Publishers' Tax Killed. Provision for a five Der cent, sne- I cial Income tax on publishers to raise ' $7,500,000, was stricken out without a roll call. In lieu of the house zone system for Increasing second-class postage rates by $19,000,000 and the finance com mittee's substitute proposing a flat rate increase of 1-4 cent a pound, esti mated to raise $3,000,000. the senate by a vote of forty to thirty-five, sub stituted Senator McKellar's sone sys tem to raise $12,600,000 additional. An effort to strike out the section en tirely and leave present postage rates unchanged will be made later. The senate spent most of the day debating the publishers provisions. Senator Stone, chairman of the for eign relations committee, vigorously attacked critios . who have charged him with being a pro-German sym . ,, . -pathiser, and defended his attitude on war measures. Upon disposition of the publication features, Senator ISmmons presented the compromise committee amend menta on war profits, which, Includ ins: present taxes, would take $1,286, 000,000 of this year's profits, estimated between $3,000,000,000 and 4,uou 000.000. Tomorrow the war profits debate will get under way with a speech by Senator Underwood, in support of a new substitute by Senator Bankhead, which would substantially increase the amount of the levy as now pro posed by the committee. O INSURANCE BILL FOR SOLDIERS AND SAILORS GETS FAVORABLE REPORT "Substitute for Ancient Pen sion System May Yet Reach Enactment. TO AID WORKERS. WASHINGTON. Aug. 29. The ad ministration soldiers' and sailors' In surance bill, designed as a substitute in' the future for the present pension system, was favorably reported today by a house committee. Representative Parker, of New Jer sey, cast the only vote against re porting the measure. He was opposed to the optional insurance feature, ex j pressing the view, advanced by the J private Insurance companies, that it would cost a tremendous sum of money and could not be administered fairly. The principal change made In the bill by the committee was the reduc tion of the maximum amount of op tional insurance a man may' take from $10,000 to $5,000. Another amend ment adopted provides that the allow ance of a widow shall automatically cease upon re-marriage. Originally the allowance would have continued for two years after the death of the husband. Chairman Adamson said tonight the bill would be reported tomorrow. He is confident of passage, in the house, but anticipates strenuous opposition from the Insurance companies and from the pension committees of both houses. The bill would provide allowances for dependents of men in the service, compensatibn for death and disability; optional Insurance for officers and en listed men, and educational and voca tional training for - honorably dis charged men. Administration costs for the first and second ye are of the war ire estimated at $176,000,000 and $380,000,000, respectively.. TO FIGHT PARALYSIS.. ' HARRISONBURG, Aug. 29. The city board of health tonight appropri ated $1,000 to be ued In fighting In fantile paralysis here and adopted regulations making each Individual re sponsible for the sanitary condition on his premises. Dr. Ennio O. Williams, stste health commissioner and Dr. W. A. Brumfleld. assistant state health 1 commissioner who are her to aid lbs fight, addresrd the board. NO REPLY FROM ROME EXPECTED Believed That President's Declaration Will Still Spirit of Revolt. WASHINGTON, Aug. 29. Discus sion of President Wilson's rejection of the peope's peace proposals in dlplo- imatic circles today revealed that even some of the entente governmnts were unprepared for Jhe prompt fashion in which the president disposed of a matter of such tremendous Im portance. There had been no doubt at any time as to the general nature of the reply and the understanding Is that the United States was generally looked upon as the nation to speak first, but some of the allied foreign offices, ex pected further discussion. It is realized, however, by the en tente representatives in Washington that President Wilson must have had some good and sufficient reason for acting so quickly. Speculation ascribes the motive to a desire to impress favorably the great Russian conven tion at Moscow while that body is still In a receptive state. It also was sug- gested that the president might havejsome one wished to anticipate obstructive action by the pacifist elements in and out of congress. No Reply Expected. No rejoinder from the Vatican is ex pected here In the Immediate future. Comment from the press of Europe, is awaited with Interest. Bitter attacks upon the American note by the Ger man press and possibly condemnatory speeches by German officials are fully expected. While the Germans may wage war with added desperation because of the sweeping Indictment of their meth ods, it is confidently believed here that the spirit of revolt will develop steadily and rapidly among the people In Germany, bringing nearer the day when they will assert themselves to the point where President Wilson may feel safe in .listening to peace over tures. His Meaning. President Wilson realizes the force of the objection that has come from some quarters as to what might be regarded as a disposition on his part to impose a form of government on Germany. It can be stated that nothing was further from his thought than such a disposition. He meant that the word of the present autocratic rulers of Germany cannot be taken for anything that Is to endure unless sup ported by the will of the neonle them selves. As to whether Germanv has an Imperial or a" republican form of government. It Is conceded that the re-lc malnder of the world has nothing ' . , , uaeiu iwr y u.i iiajiieiiii&ry re form Is being watched with the keen est Interest, and while it was said at the state department today that no official advices are as yet at hand re garding the developments, it would not be a matter of surprise If there were (Continued on Page Two. i L OF WHEAT SITUATION PRODUCES NO RESULT Difficulty in Reaching an Agreement Revolves Around Question of Price HARD AT WORK. WASHINGTON, Aug. 29. Another prolonged session today failed to bring the wheat price committee to a con clusion as to a price for the 1917 crop. ' When an all-day meetinar adlourned tonight It was announced the commit tee would go into session again to morrow with .the prospect of fixing a price before the day was over. Reports persisted tonight that a wide difference of opinion has devel oped as to what is a fair price. The committee several days ago agreed that it should require a three-fourths vote to set any figure. Representatives of the producing Interests, It is said. are. holding out for a price higher than otner memoers are willing to con cede. When the price finally is determined the committee's recommendation will be transmitted directly to President Wilson and the pries will be an nounced from the whits house. - This plan drew the suggestion tonight that in event ths committee can not agree on a price, two or mora figures might be given to the president and a de cision left to him. The committee has eleven mem bers besides Dr. Garfield, representing wheat growers and the farming In terests are Charles J. Barrett, of Geor gia, president of the Farmers' union: Eugene E. Funic, of Illinois, president of the Corn Growers association; Ed ward F. Ladd, president of ths North Dakota Agriculture ' college; J. W. Short hill, of Nebraska, secretary of ths National Council ot Farmers' Co operative associations; L. J. Tabor, master of ths Ohio State Grange; Henry J. Waters, president of ths ysr-- Stats Arioulturalcoljega, HAS BEEN HOUNDED FOR UTTERANCES Believes Now That Govern ment Is in War Should Do All Possible. WASHINGTON. Aug 29. Chair man Stone, of the senate foreign re lations committee, interrupted the war tax debate in the senate with a peace speech. He denied that he ever had a thought of introducing a peace resolution and criticised newspupers for imputing such a motive. Kecause he recently submitted a let ter on peace from Amos Plnchot and others of alleged pacifist orgarlza- J tions, Senator Stone said he had been j violently attacked in newspapers and plctured as a "slacker, German sym pathlzcr and even a German spy." Hns Bern Hounded. "These publications have hounded me," he said, "because I presented this communication and said I might have some remarks later. "Is there not some sinister influ ence behind this sort of thing?" he asked. "A senator is now in danger of being pilloried when he says or does anything which gives offense to The charge that he is a German sympathizer was said by Senator Stone to be "too ludricous for specific de nial." He said he had not a drop of German blood and that his English ancestry is clearer than the British king. "I am willing to go to war to pre serve the civilization of the English speaking people of the world if for a moment I believed their civilization was Imperilled," continued Senator Stone. ''I did oppose having the United States enter the war as a belligerent and every day I live confirms me In the wisdompf that action." Country la at War. But now that this country is at war, he added, he would do every thing in his power to aid it In carry ing the struggle to a successful termi nation.' He asserted that since war was declared he had supported every war measure introduced in congress. and denounced editors who had called him an obstructionist and an ally of Germany. "While this pitiless storm of edi torial mendacity was beating upon me, said the senator, I am using my influence on the finance committee to prevent what I considered unjust taxations of publications." Of Missouri s foreign population, . c. j P u.. t!u. , ty-flve per cent, of the German voters I had been loyal to the republic and he denied that any influence had been brought to bear on him. THE WEATHER. WASHINGTON. Aug. 29. -Forecast for North Carolina: Probaoiy thunder showers Thursday and Friday. S WILL FILED IN COUNTY COURT AT LOUISVILLE Rumor Has It That Mrs. Louise Wise Lewis Will Contest Will. MANY WITNESSES. LOUISVILLE, Ky., Aug. 29. The codicil to Mrs. Robert W. Bingham's will bequeathing to her husband $6, 000,000 was filed In the county court here today. This Instrument la brief and directs that Mr. Bingham Is to have $5,000,000 from her estate, either in cash or securities as he may see fit. The original will was probated in West Palm Beach, Florida, August 3, leaving her estate chiefly to a brother, a nephew and two nieces. The principal . part of the estate is left to Mrs. Louise Wise Lewis, of Cin cinnati, a niece, and rumor has it that she will contest the codicil giving Judge Bingham $5,000,000. An attor ney left for Florida today, where the depositions of the witnesses to a codi cil that was probated with the will are to be taken. The witnesses to ths will proper reside at various points and their depositions with those of ths executors, William Kenan, of Lockport, N. I. and Judge Blount, of Pensacola, Fla will be taken for proof as to the genuineness of ths will. When these depositions ars filed here a motion will then bo mads to probata ths council dated June 1. last, and mads by Mrs. Bingham dur ing her last illness. It is witnessed by W. W. Davjes, a personal friend and former law partner of Judge Bingham and Dr. M. L Ravitch. who attended Mrs. Bingham in her last Ill ness. Helm Bruce is the local attor ney for Mrs. Louise Wise Lewis, but ha will make no statement as to whether any attempt will be mads to firsvent the probata of ths codicil giv ng Judge Bingham $5,000,000 of too great Flagler estate, valued at $80, 000,000. The prevailing opinion Is tha probating of tha codlcjl wiU ha rs irtsd. . . .. - , Ms.W'ML NIKv Hi A Kliift ' 'SSSS-J ft, it EFFORT TO BREAK DOWN THE OWEN CHILD LABOR LAW IS BEFORE JUDGE BOYD AT Based on loiunetio Proceeding Brought by One Dagenhart Who States In Substance that He Mast Needs Hate The Support and Money of His Minor SdasBIg Array of Legal TalentNew York Lawyer Fires Opening Gun, GREENSBORO, N, C, Aug. 29. The constitutionality of the Keating Owen child labor law, which becomes effective September 1. was, called Into question here today before Fderal Judge Boyd. Tha hearing, which was not completed upon the adjournment of court tonight, la on injunction pro ceedings brought by Roland H. Dagen hart and his minor som,, Reuben and John, of Charlotte, who seek to re strain the Fidelity . Manufacturing company from, discharging the two boys from the company's cotton mius at Charlotte. The importance ot the suit 1a indicated by an Imposing array of counsel. Professor, ltosooe i'ouno, dean of law of JHaxd , university, and Professor Thomas L Parkinson, of Columbia unlversityr appear as lead ing counsel forthe department or jus tice, while Junius Parker, a former North Carolinian and now of New York, Colonel Clement Manley, of Winston-Salem, and Judge W, P. By- num, of Greensboro, are of counsel for the plaintiffs. United States Dis trict Attorney W. C. Hammer, la made defendant to the suit. Mr. Parker Opens. The first argument for the plaintiffs today was made by Mr. Parker. He declared that the act Is fundamentally at odds with the law of the nation; that It does not prohibit child labor nor the interstate commerce in pro ducts of such labor Inasmuch as a manufacturer might make his goods by the work of "babies in arms," close his mill for thirty days and legally tender the goods for interstate ship OF FAILED TO REGISTER Government Official Says He Will Swear Out War rant for Arrest. MADISON, Wis., Aug. 29. United States District Attorney A. C. Wolfe announced this afternoon that he would swear out a warrant for the arrest of Byron Nelson, son of Con gressman John M. Nelson, on the ground that the young man did not register under the selective draft Nelson was in Canada on registra tion day and has been employed there since on his father's farm. He claims exemption from registration on the ground that he is not now In the United States and has not been since the date of the draft. A United States marshal will leave for Alberta, Canada, tonight to ar range for the extradition of young Nelson. MAY ABOLISH CENSORSHIP. AMSTERDAM. Aug. 29. -The main committee of the reichstag today dis cussed resolutions to abolish the po litical censorship and re-establish the right of assembly. A progressive speaker said the political censorship must be taken o-J of the hands of the military authorities, as they were en croaching upon all possible matters. He complained that the arbitrary treatment of the pe?o movement de manded the replacement of the Prus sian law rgardlng the stats of siegs by a modern imperial law. An independent socialUt asserted that the official chancellor was a tool of General Ludendorff, first quartermaster-general. The war office, he said, severely treated labor leaders, especially independent socialists, but on tha other hand permitted pan German agitation In the army. BRITISH STEAMER SVTKK. NEW TORK. Aug. 2.9. The British steamship Assyria, a vessel of .$70 tons gross register, under charter to the Cunard line, has Deen suns; by a German submarine, according to ad vices received here today in Insurance circles. A genu of the Una said they had been Informed the vessel was lost but they have no particulars as to ths fate of ths crew, or of ths locality and data tha ship was destroyed. Tha Assyria sailed form an American port for JjsTlapd tU JaUsr part ot July, ment Without violating ths Keating Owen act. Mr. Parker said the act represents the attempt of congress to make a man engaged in Interstate commerce amenable to it for his past conduct and thereby takes police pow ers of a rigid sort; that In passing the law, the congress went, beyond the limitations of its specially delegated powers and violates ths Eleventh amendment to the constitution." Mr, Parker further declared that ths act violates the Fifth amendment in that if It is not a specifically delegated power ot congress ths act is deprtva tory of, property without due process Professor Pound. In arguing the con stitutionality of the law, eatd there ars two essential reasons for the child, labor law and that it is not an irra tional, unreasonable and arbitrary control congress has over interstate commerce. The first reason, he said, is the protection of people of the state which do-not employ child labor from unwitting partronage of manufactur ers who do use children In their fac tories and that the national legislature has the right and the duty to take into consideration the "repugnance the majority of people might feel to hav ing brought to their homes goods made by childish hands and to pass a law to forbid the use of channels of Inter state commerce to the spread of such articles." The seoond reason for the law. Professor Pound said, is that per mission of Interstate commerce In goods manufactured by child labor in OPERATORS UNSETTLED Some Willing to Accept the Government Prices. Oth ers Would Fight. WASHINGTON, Aug. 29. Directors of the National Coal association, meet ing here to discuss government control of their Industry, were unable to agree as to whether they will accept with out protest the scale of prices fixed for their product by President Wilson. Two distinct factions, it was learned have developed in the association one willing to accept the situation and the other anxious to fight the govern ment in the courts. The operators who are ready to sell at the prices named are among the large producers and those who are showing opposition, are representing largely owners of small mines, whose costs of produc tion are high. When today's meeting adjourned It was announced that the operators probably would have a definite an nouncement to make sometime tomor row and that they would make their position clear. Those who believe It unwise to test the law hoped tonight to bring the opposition around to their way of thinking. The possibility that the operators will suggest a change in the govern ment's program to provide for selling pools by districts was heard again to day. ' TO RESTRICT COTTON. ALEXANDRIA. Aug. 29. The Egyptian government has derided to restrict the cotton acreage the coming season. . ' KARL GREY DKAD. LONDON, Aug. 29 Earl Grey, former governor general of Can- V ada, died at ( o'clock this morn- ing at Howlck Houss, Northunv- berland, after a long illness. - The funeral will bs held at 4 Howlck on Saturday, .when a 4- memorial service will be held In London. .. KEATING- UNDER WAY GREENSBORO one stats brings a tremendous econo mic pressure on states with "more hu mans, beneficient" laws to relax or repeal those laws; or acts to prevent states with a "progressiva mind" from enacting laws which would force com petition with adult labor. Colonel Manley. Colonel Manley In the second argu ment for the plaintiffs declared ths act to bs a "grave Invasion ot the state's lights and a clear attack upon the constitution."' He -regarded ths issue as ths greatest ha has debated before any court.'- . Colonel Manley contended that the. canneries, wtll not he ,arjionsiy.vJaffct ed by ths law.' Judge Boyd asked about this and Colonel Manley in reply said ths canneries would be virtually exempt and could continue employing children of any age they desired, in asmuch as It Is easy, he contended, for canneries to finish their work, shut down for thirty days and then put their goods on the market. He claim ed this alleged loophole for the can neries to avoid the law is not open to the cotton mills as It would be econo mically Impossible tor such a factory to rlose for thirty days. During the argument of counsel the "lottery" decision was much in evi dence. Both sides took It as having many points of similarity or dis similarity. Ths pure food and drugs act and the Mann white slave act were also brought Into the discussion. The argument will be resumed to morrow. It la probable that the entire day will be consumed in argument. PETITIOJJOR BALLOT Sign Enrollment Blanks in New York. Figures Sub mitted to Conference. SARATOGA SPRINGS, N. Y., Aug. 29. Nearly a million women In New Tork state have signed enrollment blanks signifying thulr desire to vote, according to figures submitted to the state conference of the woman suf frage party here today. After' the actual figures, 9933.162 had been re ported, district delegations agreed to obtain enough signatures by Septem ber 8 to round out the million. In New York City the blanks have been signed by 501,888 women. In every district of the state, it was asserted the suffragists have actively co-operated In the promotion of ths liberty loan. Red Cross work and other war activities. Resolutions defining the attitude of the party toward the war and picket ing of the white house by members of the congressional union will be intro duced tomorrow. CHARGED WITH MURDER. ST. ALBANS, Vt, Aug. 29. Her bert Warm, of Potlstown, Pa,, a pri vate in the Eighth United States cavalry was arrested tonight on an in-! dictment returned tonight by a special , grand Jury charging him with murder- ' ing fourteen-year-old Jenn; Hem- i mlngway, The arrest was made in the ! county Jail, where Warm has been de ( tamed since tne gin s noay was touna on tbe edge of a cornfield August IS. r STRONG POIXT TAKES'. COPENHAGEN, Aug. 29 Ac cording to Ths Cologne Gazette's correspondent on the Isonso front Monte San Gabrlele has been partly taken by the Italians. Ths Austrlans, adds ths correspon dent, are -deserting this strong point. NOTHING UNUSUAL ON OTHER FRONTS Hard Fighting in Progress Between Italians and Aus trians Near Gorixia. Ths disaffection In ths Russian army which resulted in the forced evacuation of the greater part of Gallcla and Bukowlna by still loyal ' troops apparently has not been eradl- '; cated. although a stiffening in tha , -Russian defense In Gallcla, Bukowlna ; and Roumania recently had indicated -that the Russians were to make mora voluntary retrograde movements. , Following Tuesday's reports of tha falling back by ths Russians in eastern, Bukowlna toward tha : Bessarabia , frontier comes ths news that disloyal t in intir r-rinii ins rvtiMiKiisi iii suui srn Moldavia, from Fokahani north ward, have quit their trenches and ' fled In disorder. The enemy by rsa- . son of this defection has materially ; bettered his positions for an advance eastward, and at last accounts was continuing to develop his suocess, , Suffered Heavily. . - '' Ths Berlin war office says tha Russians have suffarsd heavily in men killed or wounded and have lost mora .. than 1.000 men mads prisoner and three guns and fifty machine guns, In addition they have given up splendid vantage points guarding tha ', approaches to tha , Sereth river, tha. crossing of whloh. by ths enemy, taken in connection with an Invasion ot Moldavia and also prove a valuable asset for a Teutonic advance toward. ftussian territory nurui w uiv vvnu : the - Danubs. . . ' . . Meanwhile M. Kerensky, the Rus sian premier, has . reiterated to tha closing session of tha conference at Moscow ths determination of the pro- ... visional government to proteot there suits achieved by the revolution and declared that no counter-revolutionary attempts will be countenanced. . , ,'. ;. 5 Quiet in anc.' ;; .A-' continuation , ot . tha stormy r waatMr is istlll holding ' : up -major operations in Francs and Belgium., although the British hers and thera still are engaged in . minor- branch , raiding activities. . ' The fighting on the Verdun front ', for ths moment also has reached- a -' pause, only ths big guns being active. Hard fighting is in progress be- ' tween ths Italians and Austrlans on , the Bain Slzxa plateau and on the heights around Gorizia. In tha former sector the Austrlans are aerenaine; . tenaciously a powerfully fortified line to which the Italians have come within striking distance. In the fight- (Continued on Page Two.j KERENSKY CLOSING THE RUSSIAN CONFERENCE SEES BETTER DAY AHEAD He Believes That Opposing Parties Wish to Arrive at Agreement. , STILL HAS FAITH. MOSCOW, Aug. 29. Premier 1 Kerensky, In closing the Russian con ference, said that although the dif ferent political groups had criticised th provisional government, they had -shown clearly a desire to arrive at an . agreement. , , "The provisional government," de- " clared the premier, "will stand on -.i guard over the revolution. . It will ., suffer no counter-revolutionary at-; tempts, whatever be their source, for: the provisional government is the In- -carnated will of tha whole Russian people. It does not regret having . convoked the conference, at Moscow. . which, although it has not yielded . practical results, . has ' allowed all Russian citUens. to say franklv what thy think necessary for the state." Premier Kerensky then spoke of the services rendered to the country -by the revolutionary democracy, which,, he observed, took power at a terrible moment in the life of the state. - " ' -t; -v.' ' . ' "Whoever endeavors to wrest their i ennauests from ther neoDle." he con- eluded, "will never succeed, for they have now become publio property." . TBE ASDEVILLE OIIZER Circulation Yesterday City . . ..... 4,771 Suburban ., ' . 4,855 Country . . . 1,600 Net paid . k .11.226 Service . , . . 196 Unpaid . . 1 ' 69 Total . . , . .11.491 IV:

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