THE ASHEYILLE CITIZEN THE WEATHElj FAIR CITIZEN WANT ADS BRING. RESULTS y vol: xxxiil no. si ASIIEVILLE, N. 0., THURSDAY MORNINO, OCTOBER 4, 1917. PRICE FIVE CENTS , RUPPHECHT STILL Judas ITS WAR SFSSia PERCE POLICY OP LASTOFTHE WEfi May Wind up All Measuis AUSTRIA-HUNGARY Is R&dy to Enter Unon England Will Bomb Ger many With Compound Interest, Premier Says. CZEHNIN DETHLS GERMANY WILL BE HURLING HIS HUNS AGAINST BHmSH GIVEN LARGE DOSE OF OWN MEDICINE . -x Making Every Effort to Re take Recently Captured Terrain. NO INDICATION OF RENEWAL OF DRIVE in Time to Adjourn j Tomorrow. Peaje Discussions at J Any Time. t 1 SENATE APPROVES 1 DEFICIENCY BILl House Is Expected to Adopt Report Today. Goes to President. WASHINGTON, Oct I. Congress will end It extraordinary war session, which began April 2, Saturday or pos sibly Friday. Uke a final vote late tomorrow on the 'administration soldiers' and sailors' insurance bill and the adoption, with record-breaking speed, of the con ference report on the war deficiency appropriation bill paved the way for adjournment Arrangement for the final formali ties were made by Senator Martin and Representative Kltchln, majority lead ers. Representative Kltchln prepared to Introduce In the house tomorrow a resolution proposing adjournment at 5 o-ciock oaturaay. such speed was made on legislation in the senate late In the day, however, that Senator Martin said tonight It might be pos sible to finish Friday Instead. ' Await Final Action. ' The military Insurance and de . flciency appropriation measures are the only important bills awaiting final action at this session. Leaders are de termined to pass over all other legisla tion until December. Including the soldiers' and sailors' civil right bill, wkl.h V 1- . i a which the house took up today and ened that unit peace without an probably will pasa tomorrow. nexatlons or iifcmnltles were imme But brief time la expected to be re- quired lor conferee- agreement on the Insurance measure after the final vote in the v senate tomorrow ' and prompt approval by the house of the deficiency appropriation final draft ' also la scheduled. yk Before adjourning, both houses will ' wmd a Mmm ttM tn wait, iinnn Prnri. 1 I Jent Wilson to Inquire formally If the imnnmmA nf Kit ma vnanv nf ... . both oiie'alrrfy have-left the eltyl -- and the demand for Immediate ad . ' journment la so Insistent that the pro gram zor a get-away not later than Saturday ia regarded as certain to be carried eat. . ADOPTS REPORT. WASHINGTON, Oct I. Within less than three minutes today the senate adopted the conference report on the war . urgent deficiency appropriation .bill carrying. $7,757,414,410 in cash 'and authorized contracts. Tomorrow - the house is expected to adopt It and . aend It to President "Wilson. The measure is said '.to be the greatest f the kind in the history of any government It emerged this . afternoon from conference between the two. houses in which items in volving over $780,000,000 had been in dispute and went through the senate In record-breaking time without the formality of a roll call. The bill carried $5,355,976,016.93 of direct appropriation and authorizes the government to enter - into con tract for $3,401,458,393.50 more, al most entirely for war purposes, in cluding the navy's great destroyer program. In conference, subsistence - of the army, for which the house had voted 1176.000.000 and the senate (Continued on Page Two.) INCREASED RATES TO BE SUBMITTED TO SHIPPERS Interstate Commerce Com c . mission So Notifies Railroads. TO HEAR BOTH SIDES. WASHINGTON, Oct. . The lnter ' Tate rnmmem commission today iJottfled the railroads of the country ' . , . granning- application r , wcnxnu rates to place each applications be- A 11,. .ktnn.i 1nt.(MfAl1 in HiAlr operation. .. The commission's notification to the railroads was made public in a pro- posed order upon which argument will be heard October 15, containing de tailed ' ugges1iion concerning the method ot dealing with application for increases. The change 1 to be made' to meet the situation arising . , rt tfifl. riuvnt amendment of the , act to regulate commerce, prescribing that no rates shall be increased with out the commission' approval. , The order will not be made flnal until after the railroads, shipper and other Interested parties will have had an opportunity to state their view to , the commission. ,'- I "The commission nas in mino, m t Order reads, "arranging to mall week ly to accredited representative of or ganization of shippers, chambers of -OTnvna lip hnKrria nf trad list Of the application. . (to increase rate) received. Indicating thoe that , may have been acted upon." Heretofore th practice ha Been, In many minor Instances, for th rail roads to file new tariffs, containing In creases of rates which become effec Mv upon not less than thirty day notice without formal ratification by the commission where no objection to the increase have been mad. AUSTHA DEMANDS DIATE PEACE Otherwik Will Be Forced to Clirge Allies for Furtl r Cost of War. AMSTERl M, Oct. 3. Budapest dispatches r eived here say that at a dinner gi n by the Hungarian premier, Dr Alexander Wekerle, in honor of Co it Czernin, the Austro- Hungarlan mister ef foreign af fairs, the la r, in reply to an Invi tation to ma i a statement concern ing his peacoollcy said: "The milli s who are fighting in the trenches behind the lines wish to know wh ,nd for what they are fighting. Th have a right to learn why peace, w ;h the entire world de sires, has not let come. When I was appointed to ky post I utilized the nrst opportuny openly to declare that we did it want to oppress any one, but that In the other hand we would not sulr any oppression and that we ,rere reparcd to enter upon peace negotiating as soon as our en emies accepte the standpoint of peace by agrehent." Converbn of Teutons. Count Czerm said a plain state ment of war ins was Indispensable. He explained he conversion of the central powersio the doctrine of dis armament by feclarlmr that arma ments were nelasary until the world was convincedthat Austria-Hungary was not a dyiii state, subject to dis memberment. In concluslonpount Czernin threat diately accepte it would be neces eary .for Austr -Hungary to revise its program a I seek compensation for further cost of the war. Arguing that competition in arma ments after therar would mean eco nomic ruin for 11 states and declar ing that Austrl Hungary had not been prepared r war and had only mado up durin the conflict for her former negleote military equipment Count Czernin ntlnuedi.,,...- ' "'"Gigantic flee) will have ' no fur ther purpose wljn the nations of the world auarantei the freedom of the seas and land akiiea will be reduced to the level req red for tne mainte nance of interni order. Every state will have to giv up something of its independence fo the purpose of in suring the worldpeace." Naval liHarniamr.nt. Strongly empislzing the necessity for naval disarmament on the high seas, Count Czentn said: "I purposely sly the high seas, for I-do not extendi the Idea to narrow seas and I freel admit that for sea communications special rules and regulations musl cbtaln. With these factors made cl iij every ground for territorial guarai tess disappears. This is the basic ideal o! sublime note whim the whole world! the beautiful and he pope addressed f this basis is ac cepted by ourinlewecanr (Conclnuedjol fug Two.) 'PERNICIOUS CTIYITY" ' OF POLICE DESCRIBED AT "Club Heads" Received by Was Order Police, One ; Officer ays. SEARCH DE INDANTS, PHTXiAJXEXUPRTA.' 'bet I. -The al leged "pernicious aitlvity" of the police, which Mayor Smith 1 said to have backed in helping Isaac Deutch to win the councilmtnic nomination in the Fifth ward wllch resulted in the killing of a pollconan and much disorder was describe) at the second dar hearing of the nayor and eight other defendant charged with con spiracy to murder, aggravated assault and battery and violation cf election laws. ' 1 The tremendous Interest aroused Dy yesterday's sensational testimony con necting th Vare brothers, leaders of the faction opposed to. Senator Boies Penrose and State Senator J. P. Mc- Nlcbol. continued In th case today as witness after witness testified that the police "went the limit" to defeat Jaime A. Carey, the leader of the ward. - . ; );,- "Cltrb head" wa the order receiv ed from Police Lieutenant David Ben nett one officer testified. "Bring them In and if tbey are ueuten men i win excuse them: Carey men 111 aend down," wa the further order given by Bennett the poltce aaldt The penalty for failure to "turn In" for Deutch; wa transfer to another police dis trict or resign, eight policemen told the court .' . , - j ' ' ' i ' One transferred man, said Bennett told Mm that "clubs would be trumps" in the Fifth ward on : election day. Bennett Informed the policemen h aid that he had the Lacking of the jnayor and that . "whatever he or Deutach told the police to do they must do." An incident of the hearing wa the searching In open court of all the de fendant except Mayor Smith and William E. Finley for weapons. Th court said it wa reported one of th men might have a pflstol. . None wa found. ' The hearing will b resumed tomor row. -.- - : . , .- French Airmen Bomb Ger man Towns and Italians Bomb Austrians. Since the middle of last week the German armies in Flanders daily have been trying to wrest from the Brttish the territory taken from them In the recent big offensive of Field Marshal Halg. As on previous days Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria on Wednesday unleashed large numbers of his troops in an attempt to re-capture terrain on the Ypres sector, where the British are seriously threatening his com munication line with Ostend and the submarine base at Zeeb'rugge. Ever watchful, the gunners of Halg again wrought havoc among the attacking waves and dispersed the Germans with heavy casualties and retained all their positions Intact. Pounding the Hun. There still Is no indication of the time set by Field Marshal Halg for the renewal of his efforts to press oh toward and cut the Ostend-Lllle rail way but he ia steadily keeping up his pounding of the German trenches with his masses of artillery of all calibres. Although the German war office as serts that in Tuesday's fighting along the eastern bank of the Meuse in the Verdun sector the Germans captured a comparatively long line of French trenches the Frenoh official communi cation makes no mention of this and asserts merely that violent artillery fighting and spirited patrol engage ment took place. While British and French airmen continue their bombing operations against Germany's submarine base at Zeebrugge and point of military Im portance behind the lines, the French aviator are keeping up their attack on German towns and citle In repri sal for the shelling by German air craft of the" open town of Bar-le-Duc. More than 16,000 pounds of explosive are reported to have been dropped on numerous German settlements, among them the famous town of Badeq. fam ed a a health resort Italians Busy. Likewise the Italians are giving the Austrians little respite from aerial in cursions, again having dr- - -d four ton of projectiles on military objec tives at Pola, the great Austrian naval base on the Adriatic, and bombed other points of military advantage. In addition the Italians have repulsed decisively another Austrian attack on the western slopes of Monte San Gab riele, In the Gorlzia sector. Great Britain's 1 in merchant vessels through attack by submarine and by striking mines last week, was the lowest since Germany started her Intensified submarine warfare In Feb ruary. Only thirteen merchantmen (Continued on Page Two.) n SUPPLIES TO NEUTRALS ADVISED JBYAMEOICANS Conference Held Recently Resulted in This Action Being Taken. HITS AT GERMANY. WASHINGTON, Oct. 8. Great Britain's embargo on the export of all supplies to the northern European neutral countries, just announced, was aner every pnase or it pos sible effect was gone over -in con ferences between American and allied statesmen.' ,.,,,. American officials, it was learned tn. day, Initiated the discussions and in- sistea tnat the British step b taken to make sure that there be no nullification of the purposes the United States government had In view in putting into operation It own 'em bargo. Th atep indicated that the alllee hav united in a decision that the neutral must cut off the shipment of all auppliee to Germany. American officials and some of the allies here tofore have hesitated a to Just how far to go In demanding cessation of t-ade between the neutral and Ger many. At one time It appeared they would aak no more than that neither allied good nor materials supplanted by allied commodities be sold In Ger many by the neutral. ' . y . Th new policy can be accomplished through rigid embargoes applied by the allies. The neutrals cannot exist without British and American aupplie and within the next two or three month all of them are expected to declare flat embargoes on the export of their commodities to all countries. This will hit England a well a Ger many, but th! British, who can draw on th United Ctatea, are In a position to do without neutral good, while Germany, cut off from the rest of the world, cannot exist official here aay. If neutral shipment ceaaa. To those familiar with the military and economic aituation in Germany, the new policy indicate that th allied government have com to the conclusion that by making every us of economic weapon the war will be ended much more quickly tbaa . by military supremacy alone. 1 i ' ' ' i ' V ' ' l.'j-.'a- mai'f" aun ' ' "", GOVERNMENT COMPREHENSIVE SYSTEM FOR DEALING WITH LABOR UNREST IN UNITED STATES Differences Between Workmen and Employes In Different Paris of ' the Country Threaten ' to Hamper War Production, and Government Is Anxious to Avoid This Possibility . , . v Some Things Which Mast Be Stopped, WASHINGTON, Oct 8. The gov ernment is working to develop some comprehensive system of dealing with the laboc unrest which threaten to hamper war production.. It is con cerned over the pronounced upward movement of wage, disproportionate for various industries, and the diffi culty of stabilizing conditions with out doing Injustice to workers or em ployers. Nearly all production now Is directly or indirectly necessary for the prosecution of the war, and the output of war material is curtailed by strikes, extraordinary movement of workers from one Industry to another or from plant to plant, and other unsettled conditions. On the recommendations of the commission headed by Secretary ' Wilson of the department of labor, which left to day for the west, will largely depend the governments eventual policy. Meanwhile it is understood the gov ernment's course will be: The Government's Course. To extend to a number of indus tries having war contracts the present system of wage adjustment boards which have been created for canton ment construction, shipbuilding, long shoreman's work and army and navy clothing production; To increase the 'number of war de partment contracts containing clauses providing that in case of suspension of work by strikes, the secretary of war shall settle the disputes; To enforce agreement with indus tries for- whos products standard prices are fixed, not to reduce wages; To encourage employers to form associations by industry groups to deal collectively with labor demands; and Proof to This Effect Will Be . Forwarded Today to France. mr vrtRif.''-Vt. i Proof that German money wa furnished In this country by Count von Bernstorn to Bolo Pasha, under arrest in Paris as a spy, will be forwarded tomorrow to the French government it was an nounced here today by Merton F, Lewis, state attorney general.. k ' The attorney general who Investl- ... nl.r. T..vaH mntlvltlMi here at the request of Ambassador Juaserand, aid that it wa a preliminary report submitted by him to the ambassador at Washington last week which re sulted in the arrest of Bolo Paaha In Paris. ' "The conclusions will be substanti ated by a mass of documentary evi dence," the attorney general's state ment id, "Including photographic reeproduction of checks, bank rec ords and other proofs of the disposi tion of the German money furnished TtntA rtahL In this country by ex- Ambassador Bernstorff." . "' THE WEATHER. , WASHINGTON, Oct I. Forecast for North Carolina: Fair Thursday ndrobably Friday- - ? IS WORKING TO To press Informally Tor adjustment of disagreement before they reach the strike stage, under the Implied pressure of the government's war power to commandeer and -operate plant. Those praotioea already are in af fect on a small acale, having been developed gradually to deal with specific problems a they arose. They have failed to prevent many walkouts, however, despite the government' recognition in most cases of the right of labor's demands for higher pay to meet the increased cost of living. Continued evidence that employes and employers were not working in harmony, led government official and their adviser of the Council of Na tional Defense to look for a , more fundamental solution. With this and in view, special study is being given British government methods by many American officials, including Secretary Baker, Secretary Wilson and Samuel Gompers, chair man of the defense council' labor committee. British Practices. While recognizing that British methods may not be adaptable en tirely to American labor conditions, official here are giving special atten tion to the following British prac tices: Centralization of administration of all labor matters affecting war pro duction in a single government de partment; - ' - Entrusting oi mediation oi irouoie reaching the strike stage to another branch: Government promotion of the or ganisations of labor now unorganized and of employer by industries, to make collective agreements possible; and Heavy tax levle on war profit, which aome N observers consider a prime cause of labor unrest The defense council' labor , com-' Ei UNDEH SERIOUS CHARGE Appears Before Postoffice Department Because of Matter Printed in Paper. WASHINGTON', Oct. . John P. Grace, editor of the Charleston, 8. C, American, appeared before the post office department today to amrwer charges of printing matter In viola tion of the -espionage act ' He was cited to show cause why his publica tion should not be denied second-class mail privilege.': Decision wa defer red. ,;'-:;V "",-.:,,.'.'..',.".. ". ; 'Grace' case. was ene of many the post office department Is hearing con stantly since the espionage act was passed. A muniber of newspapers and magazines have been denied second class privilege and in some Instances Individual lmues of the publications have been denied the "ivlleire of the malls altogether. ; . . " f '' Innumerable complaints throughout the ewmtry that have reached the posb office department charging pub lications with printing treasonable and seditious matter have led officials of the department to conclude that the public ia the best censor. The public, official aid today, usually discovers and send in to the department mat ter tlfcit might be questioned even be fore the department' owa stfcfi dja vra It, DEVELOP mitte. headed by Samuel Compere, will co-operate in any movement to stabilize labor . condition, but can not be expected, official say, to pre vent strike or force mediation ex cept by It general advocacy of In dustrial peace as a war policy. ' The shipping board is considering an attempt to organise shipbuilder under an agreement not to lure work men from one plant to another, and there has been considerable discussion among officials of other department of a nation-wide movement to stabilise labor conditions In that way. Labor leaders are hostile to the plan, how ever, and point out that the British law forbidding employers to . bid against each other for workmen ex cept under government permit or mutual agreement, was nullified re cently, because It was found unneces sary and difficult to enforce. Employers' Interests. ' Employers' Interest represented by the national industrial conference board, are urging the government to call a conference of labor leader, in cluding those not affiliated with the American Federation of Labor, to ratify an agreement which Include a provision against changing conditions of open or closed shops during the war. Since this would virtually us Dend. the labor i organization move ment, it ' is opposed by labor leader. The federation of labor ha no well formulated new feature of a pro gram to promote harmony between employer and employes for the war emergency. Most leaders advocate a more thorough organization of em ployers in each industry in order that wage scales might he uniform throughout the industry, and any government proposal for employers' association probably will - receive strong support from the labor men (Continued on Page Two.) WAR TAX BILL SIGNED BY No Formalities Attended Signing of Measure Levy . ing Huge Taxes. ' WASHINGTON, Oct i. The war tax bill became a law late today with President Wilson' ignature, , . No formalities attended th sign ing of the measure, which levies for this year more than two and a half billion dollars-new taxe to provide war revenues. It touches directly or Indirectly the " pocketbook of every body In the country, through taxes on Incomes, excess profits, liquor, to bacco, soft drinks,- passenger and freight . transportation, proprietary medicines, chewing gum, amusements, musical instruments, talking machine record and many other things. One of the immediate effects of the signing of the -law an In crease In distilled beverage prices to meet the next tax of it. to a gallon which reaches the stock of retailers In excess of fifty gallons. ' t BECETVEBS KAMEP. NEW TORK, Oct I. Receiver for the Federal Dyestuff and Chemical corporation, which owns 200 acre of land at KincsDort. Tenn., wnere it plant I situated were appointed by federal Judge Hough here , today,. ANSWERS DEMANDS OP LONDON PEOPLE "Bomb for BombM Only Way to Stop Raids,. Northcliffe Asserts. LONDON. Oct. $. England ' hat definitely decided on reprisal against Germany for the bombing of unpro tected English town according, to the Daily Mall today. The decision , ha been given official voloe by Premier ' Lloyd-George, speaking to an , as semblage In the southwest JJortlon ol London. , ' ' ' ' '- Answering the demand, for reprisals, Lloyd-George shouted to th crowd: "Willi Interest" t . ' : . ' "We will give it all back to them ' and will give it back to them 'very soon. We shall bomb Germany with . compound interest" . . HI announcement was greeted with cheer. ' . ' Tor some Mm there .ha been a demand for reprisals against Ger many for the depredations of the Hun airmen, who have dropped bombe in discriminately on the coast towns or England and on London, slaying wo men and children, and seemingly seeking, by a campaign of frightful- ness and terrorism, to frlgnten tn British people into demanding peace. ' . ... 1. A E'Mju The action of the Hun has had Just the opposite effect . Slow to anger and slower still , to act ' th British people have been smouldering . t V. 1 h& l n rr nafl.ntlu ...h new Inhuman raid of the Teuton air men. until they believe the time has come to carry the. lesson back : to Germany., .y , '' England 1 ha plenty Of ' airmen,' filer who hav proved themselves su perior to th German aerial fighter time and again, and only a reluctance totmake war, aa It were, on women and children, ha held them from retaliatory raid to the present time. . The time, has tome, the government believes, for counter-measures which, will bring war' frightfuinesa home to the German people, and action will b taken in the near future. . "BOMB FOR BOMB." ' , TORONTO. Ont. Oct 8.- The only way to deal effectively with the Per- (Continued on Page Two.) VIRTUAL AGREEMENT IN SCALE REACHED BETtilfEEN NAVY AND MEN Presidents of International Trade Unions Ready to Sign up. INCREASES COST. WASHINGTON. Oct. J. An agree, mept In wag scale . virtually wa reached today between, the navy de partment and the presidents of the ' International Trade unions, represent- ing navy yard employes. While figure nave not been Anally decided, it was. announced officially that the confer . ence had reached; a point where the trade union men expected to sign up tomorrow for the ensuing year. -' The effect of the scale under con sideration will be to increase the cost of navy yard labor to the government more than ten per cent over the scale for 11T which expired Sentember 14. The point remaining to be settled, . according to Assistant Secretary-. Roosevelt with whom the presidents f are in conference, Is whether the in crease over the 1917 scale shall be fixed in percentage of the old rate or on a definite . number of cents -per hour for each branch of each trade, - Equalization of .-pay within the ' trades la proposed and.' It was said, the effect wouW be to place all of the ' men on the basis of pay of the top : men of that trade. The actual In-' crease for the high men would be, small,. In some cases not more than -two per cent- For the men In lower -., ratings, the advance would be twenty- ' five ner cent or more. 4 While the war department did not; participate in the conferences it is ex- " , pected that under the standardization " policy for civil employe of the army and navy and of the shipping board,;, men at the arsenals and engaged on government shipbuilding outside the " navy yards In many cases will benefit from the new plan. . TOE ASEEVULE CI1IZCK Circulation Yesterday : " ; City , , ,. V v',.4,293.; Suburban : 4,642 Country . . ; .1.762 Net paid V .. .10.697' Service ,V .'.' , . 215 Unpaid.-. . . . '..157 Total . .11.069 WAGE

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