Asheville Citizen (Asheville, N.C.) /
Oct. 15, 1917, edition 1 /
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FAIR AND WARMER
CITIZEN WANT ADS
ASHEVDLLE, N. 0., MONDAY HORNING, OCTOBER 15, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
f VOL. XXXTTT,
PEACE PLANS WILL
jLJEntberger Says Develop-
w aents Will Not Inter-
fere With Program.
TO SAVE COUNTRY
Garrison at Kronstadt, by
Its Action, Has Weaken
ed Power of Fortress.
Erzberger Is Leader of
Party Which Demands
Deference for Reichstag.
BERLIN, Oct 18. (Via London,
Oct 14.) Mathlas Ertberger, leader
of the centnlst party in the reichstag,
yhlch has demanded greater defer-,
' ence to that body from the govern
ment, told The Associated Press today
that the developments of the last
week would not interfere with the
majority party's peace atitude as
based on the resolution of July 19,
or in any way retard the movement
for parliamentarization. If anything,
he asserted, the. latter would be more
likely to be' accelerated as the result
of the government's predicament
growing out of the events at Tues
day's session of the- relchstag.
Stands by Issues.
Herr Eraberger asserted that the
majority bloc which Jiow is made up
of socialists, eeluristff and progres
sives, continue to present Itself in a
solid phalanx behind the issues for
which it Stands and that It is not
improbable it will be augmented by
substantial' support from the national
Kerensky Says Hour Has
Come When Baltic Fleet
rBTROGRAD, Oct. 14. The Ger
man forces which landed on Oesel
Island, In the Oulf of Riga under the
cover of ninety war vessels, had occu
pied up to 10 o'clock Saturday morn
ing the whole northern and eastern
part of the island and were within
twelve versts of Arensburg on the
southern shore, according to an an
nouncement made by the Russian
naval general staff. The Russians still
occupy Serel Point and the Svorb
peninsula on the southwestern coast.
It nx develops that the Germans
did not occupy Dago Island, north of
Oesel and at the head of, the Gulf of
Finland, but contented themselves
with making a demonstration against
it Premier Kerensky In an urgent
appeal to the Baltic fleet to defei'd
the fatherland in this hour of trial"
divulged the fact that the garrisons
of Kronstadt, the chief fortress and
military port of Russia and the sta
tion of the Baltic fleet, twenty miles
west of Petrograd, by its attitude al
ready has weakened the defensive re
sources of the fortress.
Eight dreadnoughts, a dozen light
cruisers, forty torpedo boats and thirty
mine sweepers participated In the
Teutons Steadily Pressing
Russians Toward South
eastern End of Island.
ARE NOW IN FLAMES
We'll Keep The Faith With The Dead
Heavy Rainfall on Fron'
in Flanders Prevents
liberals In connection with some of the people of Petrograd received the news
more peninne issues growing out oi , of the occupation calmly. The news-
the present situation. Even without
that support the coalition would have
an ample working majority.
papers publish interviews with some
pt the cabinet ministers and others
wno agree tnat while the operation
The fact that the centrists and seriously affects Russia's strategic po-
progressives did not loin the socialists
In the vote on the resolution of cen
sure and that the far left party de
clined to support the measure creat
ing the post of vice-chancellor, does
not signify, an at-jeneo of complete
concord among the. oallion parties
on the major issues, Herr Eraberrer
oeciarea. in spite or the situation
which Is being described in tho liberal
jsaipress as 1 being more than a "latent
ffcrlsls' it is not expected tho reioh
sstag will 'convene before December 8,
the data set. At Thursday's adjourn
ment, . : v !m . ,- -v - ;
Emperor Expected, -
The emperor is expected back Oc
tober 22 from his trip to- the near
east and It is assumed he will confer
with the factional leaders of the
relchstag. .. -
The liberal and radical press con
tinues outspoken m demanding the
resignation of the men responsible for
the launching and collapse of the
government's indictment of th inde
pendent socialists in the open session
of the relchstag.
Dr. Gustav Stresemann, floor, leader
of the national liberals. In a signed
statement accuses Chancellor Mich
aelis and Admiral von Capelle of fail-
( Continued on Page Two.)
ALL DUTCH SHIPPING TO
ENGLAND IS STOPPED ON
Britain Has Stopped All
AMSTERDAM, Oct. 14. The Maas
bode says It learns that all Dutch ship
ping to England has been stopped on
account of the pending differences; be
tween Great Britain and Holland.
Great Britain on October 11 stop-
pea an commercial cable communica
tion with Holland until such time as
The Netherlands government placed
absolute restriction on the transit of
sand, gravel and scrap metal from
Germany to Belgium by way of Hol
land. The British- government con
tended that this concrete raw mi
terlal was being used by the Oermans
In great quantities In the construction
nt dugouts to the detriment of the
ine xsetneriana government re
plied by saying that 'It would satisfy
tna uniian aesire to stop tne transit
of sand ami gravel to Belgium only
wnen in untisn government showed.
notwithstanding the declaration of
the German authorities and the In
vestigations of Dutch officers, that the
materials were being Used for war
purposes. ' ,'
AMSTERDAM. Oct 14. Cornelius
Van Aalst president of the Nether
lands Over-Seas trust In an Interview
printed in The Handelsblad. describes
the restriction ' placed by Great Brit
ain on cable communication between
Holland and other countries. Includ
ing the Dutch colonies, as a veryewe
' rlous measure- which could only have
been devised by persons unacquainted
with the situation and with feeling In
Holland. .- - -,-
Herr Van Aalst declared that Dutch
' commercial men would never yield to
edch a measure or try to Influence the
' government - to yield." He . though
uermany jnigm iorego improvements
. -en Belgian, railroads.
The United States, which. In psTrt,
, be said, boasted of Dutch origin, owed
a tremendous lot . to Holland, and,
therefore, was under moral obliga
tion to help her. - In conclusion, he
sition, it does not constitute an imme
diate menace to the Russian capital.
Appeals to Fleet
Premier Kerensky today sent a
telegram to the commander-in-chief
of the northern armies, in which he
'Tell the redoubtable Baltic fleet
that the hour of trial has arrived.
Russia expects for her safety a vali
ant effort by the navy and I. as gen
eralissimo, demand that the' sailors
- "Th hour a come whan' the Bal-
tlc fleet can defend the honor' of the
fatherland and the great traditions of
liberty and of the revolution. It Is
time to reflect seriously and to cease
to co-operate involuntarily with the
cause of the enemy. The garrison, of
Kronstadt has by its attitude already
caused the defensive resources of, the
fortress to be incomplete.
lAtt all remember that the father
land will not forgive criminal levity.
Let the abominable crime of the
battleship Petropavlovsk be redeemed,
let the fleet repulse the enemy under
command of its officers whose patriot
ism is well Known to -all Russia."
As the result of a misunderstand.
lng that arose on board the Russian
battleship Petropavlovsk out of the
action of the general assembly of the
democratic bodies on calling upon of
ficers of the army and navy in Fln
land to sign a pledge of fidelity to the
(Continued on Page Two.)
With the armies In Flanders Inac
tlve, except for bombardments. In
terest centers on the operations of th
Germans In the Island of Oesel. situ
ated at the mouth of the Gulf of Riga
and the key to the entrance of the
Gulf of Finland.
At last accounts the Germans, who
landed under the cover of a great ar
ray of naval craft, were steadily
pressing back the Russians toward
the southeastern Dart of the Island
and also putting ashore other forces
with the huge armada guarding
them against assault by Russian war'
The entire northern and eastern
sections of the Island were In German
hands and the Invaders were only
short distance from Arensburg, on the
southern shore, which was In names.
Cerel, which lies on the Svorb penin
sula, the southernmost extremity of
the island, also was on Are. Whether
the conflagrations were caused by the
German guns or whether they were
started by the Russians is not known.
Although the German communlea
tlon says the Germane suffered no
losses during the landing on Oesel
island, the Petrograd war office says
that in attempting to cover the land
ing of the enemy on Dago island, to
the north of Oesel, four German tor
pedo boats are reported to have been
sunk and one cruiser ran aground. The
small detachment which landed on
Dago island was forced later by the
Russians to return to the ships, while
the Russian fleet, which at last ac
counts had suffered no material dam
age, was hindering the German war
craft In the waters between Dago and
Oesel islands. ' .
As yet nothing has coma through
to show that the enemy has attempt
ed to attack the mainland of western
Esthonla. nor has there been any In
dlcation that the Russian front In this
region has been moved.
...Sunday again saw heavy rainfall
on the front in Flanders, and there
were only reoonnoltaring enooanters
and artillery activity. Near poelca
pelle and Becelaere the British troops
Saturday night repulsed German re-
connolterlng detachments, while the
French attacked German patrols and
took a number of prisoners. To the
south along the Alsne a lively, artillery
duel continues between the French
On the Austro-Italian front espec
ially In the Isonzo region, the recip
rocal bombardments continue heavy.
The only Infantry engagement report
ed was In the Chlapovano valley where
Austro-Hungarlana attempted an- at
tack, but were repulsed by the Italian
COLON., Oct. 14! Sam McVey and
Jftn Johnson, negro heavyweight pug
ilists, fought twenty-flve rounds here
today. , McVey won the decision.
WHITMAN WILL VOTE FOR
MAYOR MITCHEL, IE SAYS;
Acknowledged Leader of the
Republican Forces in
New York to Bolt.
GIVES HIS REAS6NS.
WILL CHECK SHRINKAGE
IN THE GILT-EDGE BONDS
Will Exercise "Intelligent
Discretion" in Valuing
grg ami mi
$m4mMWM I IlLWi 7,, way
BRORDWJAR POWERS CONFERRED ON WE
PRESIDENT UNDER IRADINGWiTH-ENEMY
ACIHAVE BEEN PUT INTO OPERATION
Executive Order, Issued Last Nigh , Delegates the' Authority for Enforcement tf the Varioui Pro
visions of the Act lo fhe Officials Who Will fare Charge
' ' '.,-'. : .. v - i-w,' ''. -8.ufc.. t 1". ti v V":,;-. i-'.i V.i lis;
"LIBERTY DAY' TO
AID LIBERTY LOAM
IN UNITED STATES
Sets Aside Wednesday.
October 24, as Day for
asks impressive; 7m
Official Reports of Subscrip
tions Show Little Prog
ress Toward Total.
f Each Particular Section.
WASHINGTON, Oct "14. Broad
war powers conferred upon the presi
dent by , the tradlng-with-the-enemy
act were put Into operation under an
executive -order Issued tonight dele
gating the authority under the law to
various government departments and
to a newly created war trade board.
The trade board is composed of the-
members of the exports adminis
trative board, which it, will replace,
with the addition of a representative
of the treasury department. It will
continue to license exports and will
exercise a similar control over Imports
as soon as the president proclaims,
under authority of the tradlng-with-
the-enemy act, the articles to be restricted.
Trading With Btaemy Forbidden.
Trading or commercial dealings in
every nature with an enemy company
or agent in, this country or abroad is
forbidden, except under license of the
war trade board, which also is au
thorised to license enemy or "ally of
enemy" companies doing business In
the United States, excepting insurance
companies, whose supervision la en
trusted to the treasury.
Censorship of malls, cables, radio
and telegraph messages passing out
of the United States is placed In the
hands of a censorship board consist
ing of representatives of the war,
navy and postofllce departments, the
war trade board and of George Creel,
chairman of the committee on public
To the treasury Is assigned the regu
lation of transactions In foreign ex
change and exportation of gold or
silver coin under license, the enforce-
dolng business within . the . United
Regulation of the use of 'enemy
owned or controlled patents for the
war, and of the granting on publtca.
tlon' of patents containing Informa
tion valuable to the enemy, is given to
the federal trade commission.
Foreign Language Papers.
. The postmaster general is entrusted
with supervision over and the licensing
or foreign language newspapers. All
such papers except - those granted
licenses are required under penalty to
file with their local postmasters be
fore publication true translations . of
all matter relating to the UnltedJ
States government or the governments
of any other nation at war. The same
section of the law makes, tt unlawful
to circulate in any manner matter
made unmallable by the espionage act.
The president's order . defines the
powers of the alien property custodian
to act as trustee lor all enemy prop
erty within the United States or to
issue licenses exempting enemy com
panies from his supervision. An ap
pointment for this position will be
The secretary of state la empowered
to license the transportation of
enemle to or from the United States
through the existing passport means.
The secretary of commerce will re
tain his present authority to review
the decisions of customs collectors re
fusing clearances to vessels carrying
cargoes in violation of the trading-wfth-the-enemy
The new war trade bbard Is to con
sist of Vance C. McCormick, chair
man, representing the secretary of
state; Dr. Alonso E. Taylor, repre
NEW YORK. Oct. 14. Governor
Charles S. Whitman, acknowledged
head of the republican party In New
York state, announced tonight that he
would vote for the re-election ' of
Mayor Mltchel in the coming munici
pal election. .He declared the only
Issue Involved Is whether Tammany
Hall shall rule the city and since it Is
"plainly Impossible to elect a re
publican, the only hope of defeating
Tammany lies in the candidacy of Mr.
: "I expect to vote for Mr. Mltchel
and I believe that republicans may
properly support him and maintain
their party regularity, too," said ' a
statement Issued by the governor.
"But even if such were not the case
and the choice were between the
obligation of partisanship and the
obligation of citizenship, our duty:
would be entirely clear." ' -Mr.
Whitman prefaced - his state-1
ment by admitting that William M.
Bennett carried the republican pri
maries and Is the regular republican
candidate. As such he is- entitled
"leaailv and morally to tne republi
can name, the republican emblem and
the use of the republican machinery,"
especially watchers, challengers and
workers at the polls, the governor
said. . '". "'' ' '
The governor deolarel tnat mere
'la no Hohenxollern Issue In th
municipal campaign. He said he had
no reason to aouot me Americanism
of either John F.- Hylan, the demo
cratic candidate, or Mr. Bennett.; .
i i i ii i r " '
CORONER KILLED. v ,
COLUMBIA. S.- C, Oct' 14. John
A. Scott, aged forty, coroner of Rich
land county, was shot and klljed late
tonight by jecseHelms, a police of.
Acer . near Artnursvuie. b. i; ac
said the American government was cording to word received her by th
slaying a high band. , aountr authorities, - . .. :
WASHINGTON, Oct. 14. Treasury
officials, concerned over the down
ward tendency of the bond market as
an outgrowth of Liberty loan flnanc
lng, have determined to take steps to
check shrinkage in gilt-edge bond
values, so far as consistent with gov
ernmental action and sound financing.
To this end the comptroller ot the
currency tonight. Issued a statement
announcing that he, has instructed all
national bank examlnen that they
need not require national banks hold
lng high-grade bonds of unquestioned
Intrinsic value ami merit to charge
them down to present abnormal fig
ures, but to exercise "an Intelligent
and conservative discretion" as to the
Prices at which the banks can con
tinue- to carry such securities.
' This action, it Is thought, will tend
to prevent undue tightening of the
money market was the further de
cline of bonds, ' a process which, if
continued for a considerable period
of time, ml gift lead to heavy losses
by the investors In such securities and
to the consequent .detriment . of the
properties upon which they are as
sumed. . '-,. "f-
: Similar action 'was taken by the
comptroller at the outbreak of th
European war when security values
dropped precipitately to low records,
- For months past, virtually all se
curities have been' steadily diminish
ing In quoted values. .High-grade
bonds of unquestioned value have
shrunk until they are at the present
time almost as low, in many cases,
as they were when . the New York
tock excaangA was closed in the ear
ly days of the European war. Rail.
road and Industrial bonds paying five
per cent, and in. soma instances six,
are selling at below par, a situation
without precedent, with this single
exception, in the history of th Ueues
ment of the law's provision against I senting the secretary of agriculture;
transmission to the enemy of informa- I Thomas D. Jones, representing the sec
tion by any other means than regular i retary of commerce; Beaver White,
malls. The treasury also must license representing the food administrator;
Insurance or re-insuranc companies i Frank C. Munson, representing the
of the enemy or ally of ' the ' enemy I shipping board, and a representative
of th secretary of the treasury, yet
to be named. All but the treasury
representative are now member . of
the exports '"administrative ' board,
whose work hereafter will be done by
the bureau of exports of the war
trade board. i
-Name is Changed.
The name of th present export
council Is changed to ' war trade
council, with the secretary of th
treasury and Chairman Hurley of the
snipping Doara added to Its member,
ship, the secretaries of state, agri
culture and commerce and th food
administrator. This body will act in
an advisory capacity to th president
and th war trad board,
Ths p. Miuent's order vest In th
war trade board power to license
trade "directly or Indirectly with, to
or from or for,-or on account of, or
on behalf of, or for th benefit of, any
other person, t wtth knowledge- of
reasonable cause to believe that such
other' person Is 'an enemy or ally of
enemy, or Is conducting or taking part
in such trade -directly or indirectly
for, or on account of, or on behalf of,
or for the benefit of. any enemy or
ally of enemy." Only with consent of
the board may agents of enemy com
panies do business m th united State
after November 5. Enemy companies
also may not change the name they
used at th beginning of th war
without special license.
Secretary McAdoo is vested by the
president with and Is expected to turn
over to the federal reserve board "the
executive administration of any In
vestigation, regulation, or prohibition
of any transaction in foreign ex-1
change, export or ear-marking of gold
or silver coin, or bullion or currency, I
transfer of credit In any form (other
than credits relating 'Closely to trans
actions to be executed wholly within
WASHINGTON. Oct 14 President
Wilson In behalf of th Liberty loan
tonight issued a proclamation setting
aside October 24 as Liberty day and,
urging th people of th nation til
assemble on that day in their re.
spective communities and "pledge to
one another and to the government
that represents them the fullest
measure of financial support." 1
i.ei me result b so Impresslv ant
emphatic," the president urges.-"that'
It will echo throughout th emulre of
our enemy as an Index of what
America intend to do to Wring thi
war i a victorious conclusion."
i The Proclamation.' "
Th president's nroclamntlnn fnl.
lows: . . ,
"By th president of tha Unlta.!-
8tates of America, a proclamation.
"Th second Liberty loan give th
people of the United State another
opportunity to lend their funds to
their government to sustain their
country at war. Th mlaht of tha
United State is being mobilised and
organised to strike a mortal blow at
autocracy ; In defense : of outraged
American rlghta and of th cause of
liberty. Billions of dollars are re
quired to arm, feed and cloth ' th
brave men (the ar going forth to
ngnt our country battles and to a-
slst th nation with whom w are
making common cause against a com
mon foe. To subscribe to th liberty
loan- Is to perform a service of
patriotism. . -v;; f .,v-;;. .Ai .-'..'., :-
"Now. therefore. Lf Woodrow Wil
son, president of th United States of
America, do appoint Wednesday,1 the.
twenty-fourth of October, a Liberty
day, and urge and advise th people
to assemble in-their respective cmi
munitie and pledge to one another v
and to tha government that represent
them th fullest measure- of financial
support. Or th afternoon of that
day I request that patriotic meeting .
ha IiaIA In .imp flfv lAwn and hnm.
(Continued on Page Two.)
DR. HILLIS DESCRIBES
LIBERTY LOAN I.OTIG
T. P. O'Connor Tells o5
to See War Through."
(Continued on Page Two.) .
TRIBUTE TO PRESIDENT
Delivers Stirring Patriotic
Address at St. Paul's M.
LIBERTY LOAN FAILURE '
MEANS GREATER TAXES
NEW YORK, Oct. 14. -Governor
Whitman paid a stirring tribute to
President Wilson tonight In a patriotic
address to the congregation of St.
Paul's Methodist-Episcopal church.
"A we contemplate th solitary fig
ure whs Is ruling over th destinies
of our hundred million people," the
governor said, "and consider the tre
mendous task he has neror mm, w
ar . no longer democrats, or republi
cans, or progressives, but Americans
all."-, : . : ' .... - ' . V-v
What certain persons termea
rn.na.lhv" In the attitude of the Ameri
can people toward the war,. he assert
ed, in. reality, was ''our national
poise." . ' '
"Today th united states leaas th
whole world in mustsrtng materials
and In the sweep of ths human mind."
he added. "The European nations
had th false impression that Ameri
ca Is the land of th. dollar and
thought th Yankees wouldn't fight.
All history gives the lie to these slanders.-
Our dollars hav carried food
to th hungry,' help to th wounded,
ana naui to tne sick.- reac is our
AavoUoa. put not our obseto.'
I - - '
So Declares Speaker Clark,
in Interview Granted al
ST. LOUIS, Oct 14. Failure of the
Liberty loan will mean higher taxes.
said Champ Clark, speaker of the
bouse of representatives who accom
pan lad by Mrs. Clark, passed through
here today on their way to Fort Sill,
Okla., to visit their son, Lieutenant-
Colonel Bennett Champ Clark.
"The sale of bonds, according to th
papers Is lagging," said the speaker
in an interview. just wny wia inres
and a half per cent, bonds went Ilka
hot cakes and the four per cent. Issue
Is slow is a puts!.
"One thing, however, la cock-sure,
Congress is going to raise money
enough to carry on tne war. ir tne
people will not buy bonds, then taxes
will be increased, wnicn is not a
, Th sneaker said that the Idea of
taxing excess war promts on 'muni
tions at sixty to eighty per cent is
growing In favor.
Fire Broke Out
Miles Out at Sea.
WASHINGTON, Oct 14. Forecast
f ai North - Carolina: Fair Monday
and Tuesday, moderate south winds, cause.
AN ATLANTIC PORT, Oct. 14. A
large British steamer, loaded with
munitions and six thousand barrels of
oil In bulk was towed back Into port
tonight with tire in her angina room
under ' control after a twenty-four
hour battle to keep the ship from ex
ploding. The tire broke out Tester
day when the ship was thirty miles
out of this port . Blue flames were
seen coming from th engino room
compartments. In these was stored
the oil in every available reserve
water tank. Th lifeboats were swung
out and wireless calls for help brought
several government vessel and two
tuga The crew In panic rushed into
the boats but were ordered back by
th naval gunner, who were called
Fire was still, burning In several
tanks tonight but it was said to be
well under control and away rrom
other combustibles. Th cargo is
valued at over tl, 000. 000. The ship
practically new. An Investigation
has been started by admiralty and
United State officials to ascertain th
CHICAGO. Oot 14. German etroe -
(ties were described by , Pr. Newelt
Dwlght Hlllla. of Brooklyn, and united
Great Britain' determination to sea
the war through was set forth by T.
P. O'Connor,? member of parliament, -at
a Liberty loan rally her today
sponsored by the National i, Security
league as tne fourth of a cyoie or pa
trlotio mass meetings.
Both speakers hav visited the dev.
astated portions of Belgium and
northern France ' and -' pictured . the)
scenes they had witnessed, while Pr. -
Hlllis quoted portion of affidavit . .
cured by allied agents in proof of hi .
assertion that' th crime were th
direct outcome of Germany' pre-arranged
plan for making war.
"Make yourselves , more frightful'
than tha Hun under Attlla." he as- .
serted th kaiser charged his soldiers. .
"See that for a th)usand years n
unemy mentions the very nam of
Germany without shuddering."
After detailing authenticated In
stances of wanton slaughter, crucifix
ion of - babies and ether lndescribat
ble crime, he asserted: .'
"Whether - this war goes on .Ave
years or ten years it will go on until
these Frenchmn and Belgians who
hav suffered ar on German soli."
According to Mr. O'Connor - th
"fundamental issue of this war Is the ,
conflict between essential Christianity -
and essential paganism." t
Racial and religious line have dis
appeared in Great Britain, he assert
ed, in the united ' determination to
crush junkerlsm. r
: "It Is the Sermon on th Mount"
he concluded, "or the German waft
book that is to decide th future mu-.
rallty of th world." . .. . s 4
THE SUNDAY CITIZEN
Gty . . . ; . 4.646
Suburban . . . 2.340
Country , . , 1,199
Net paid ..
Service . .
Unpaid . V
Total ,-..' ,
Buy a Liberty Bond.
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