f THE SUNDAY CITIZEN, ASIIEVILLE, N. C, NOVEMBER 4, 1917. 17 IY PHES DENT PRESIDE Broad Powers Already Given Hint and the United Nation at His Back . Make Mr. Wilson's Position Unique Among Rulers of the World. By P. CTXLIFFK-OWEX. Although Col. Edward M. House, at jrie Instance of the president. Is now Dually encaged In gathering political and eoonomlo data (or use at the In ternational congress, which will meet after the conclusion of the war for the purpose of determining the condi tions of permanent peace and for the rearrangement of the map of the world, It Is a 'mistake to assume that Oill be entrusted with the piin care of the Interests i'f the d Slates at that epoch maklr.g council. Ever since last spring, when the matter was first privately ana un officially broached to certain members of the British cabinet in London, It haa been understood In Downing street and also at the Qual d'Orsny In Paris that the United States would be represented on that occasion by Its chltt magistrate, who, since it has now been definitely shown that there la no constitutional obstacle In the way, would visit Europe for the purpose. No one la better qualified for the task. By international consent Wood row Wilson Is the one great master statesman produced by the present war. That his own countrymen rec ognise this. Irrespective of political parties. Is shown by the extraordinar ily extensive powers greater than those enjoyed by any constitutional monarch or even autocrat In the old world which they have, almost without dissent, placed In his capable hands. In his hands are concentrated all the Intricate and delicate threads of the foreign policies of the United Slatec. and It .'s :n deference to popu lar sentiment that both houses of congress have abandoned for the nonce to Woodrow WilaSn some of their moat cherished prerogatives, patriotically anxious, save In a few isolated Instances, to refrain from anything that might hamper or em barrass his course of action. Nation Bock of President. Never before In all the history of the nation has any president 'enjoyed, to quite the same degree, Its unques tioning confidence. As the helmsman who haa so skillfully piloted the American ship of state through all the storms and tempests of the last three years and more he haa estab lished a claim to the unquestioning confidence of his fellow citizens. The very privacy accorded to him at the white house is eloquent of Mils feeling.' a privacy never befo.vs toler ated by a people who always seemed to Imagine that they had a share in the proprietorship of the executive i mansion and a rignt or access ax an times yl Its premises and to its prin cipal occupant. Now any attempt to Intrude upon his isolation is reaentrd by the public. Indeed, the almost touching manifestations of a popular desire to protect him In these stirring tim.. frnm Mr.rv nnnnvannp and from anything calculated to disturb the ' concentration of his mind upon the all ' Absorbing cares of tho nation recall to mind the printed notices on board ocean liners requesting passengers to Qwnh.. "No one. iln from talking to "the man at therefore. Is so well quali fied to represent this great republic at the next peace congress as Its chief magistrate. Any other delegate would be compelled to refer for Instructions to the white houBe when confronted by unforeseen difficulties and prob lems requiring well nigh Instant solu tion. President Wilson could decide these on the spot, thanks to the pow ers vested In him by the constitution as well as those confided or aban doned to him by congress; thanks also to the knowledge that in making his decision be would have the entire American nation at his back. May Preside at Peace Congress. If Great Britain was able. In spite of her then military weakness, to Im pose her will upon the congress of Berlin In 1878. upon Russia, who, vic torious In the war of 1877-1878, had beaten back the Turks to the very 100 per cent Roughage BUCKEYE HULLS are real roughage in every parti cle. They are free of everything that has no value as forage. They are free of lint. They are free of trash. They are free of dirt and dust. When you buy . V HULLS V L.INTLESS . you are paying for nothing but roughage, and yen are feeding your stock nothing that is worthless or injurious. Buckeye Hulls look like a real feed and are a real feed. Their very appearance will convince you that you should use them. Even if Buckeye Hulls cost as much as old style hulls it would (till be to your advantage to use them. Selling at several dollars per ton less, they put old style hulls beyond consideration. a Other Advantage Buckeye Hulls allow better as similation of other food. They are sacked easy to handle. They take half the space for storage. Afr. & L. Jonms, Jackton, La., eayit "I have been feeding my dairy eowt Buckeye Butte and find that they do at well on Buckeye Hulle at on old , style and that they like .the Buckeye Bulla better than the old style." , Te secure the best results sad to eevelep the ensusfo eoW, soef the Jimp thoroughly twve horn before feeding. It Is easy to da this if wetting mess dewa airht and awnunf far the next fsedtni. jU at say base, ibis cannot be done, wet down st east thirty amies. fB yea I preler to feed the bulls drj, use sol? half a stuch by bulk as si eld style bulls. Book of Mixed Feeds Free Gives the right formula for every combination of feeds used in the South. Tells how much to feed for maintenance, for milk, for fat tening, for work. Describes Buckeye Hulls and gives directions for ' using them properly. Send for your copy to the nearest mill. dJLj The Buckeye Cotton Oil Co. o s AmewC Cketitttm WILSON SHOULD AT PEACE CONGRESS (A walls bf Constantinople, and even upon Bismarck, it was because she was represented there by her all pow erful prime minister. Lord Beacons field, who at a given moment was able then and there to throw down the gauntlet to Russia without referring home for authority and instructions and thus to carry the day. It was all a question of a few hours, but one de manding quick decision. Had there been any delay on the part of Eng land she would have been Ignomln lously defeated In the stand which she hnd taken up at tho congress. By virtue of his Tank as chief magistrate of the United States, and also by reason of his acknowledged eminence as the master statesman of the present war, Woodrow Wilson would naturally be called upon to as sume the presidency of the congress of peace. This Is already recognised In government circles in London, In Paris, in Rome and In Tokio. In the early stages of the conflict there would have been much opposi tion abroad, more or less open, to any such proposal. But now It is consid ered as preeminently desirable, in England as well as in France. For It is felt that in the discussions that will take place differences are well nigh certain to arise between the numerous powers now comprised In the entente and that the presence of a man of the commanding qualities of Woodrow Wilson, president of the United States, in the chair will go far to exercise a steadying Influence upon the delibera tions and to smooth away dissensions. Every one of the allied nations will go to the congress bent on champion ing Its own particular pretensions and aspirations. It stands to reason that the entire fulfillment thereof will be a matter of Impossibility. Rivalries and even disputes are bound to ensue and unless there Is a presiding officer such as Woodrow Wilson to act In the role of mediator and arbitrator, a president of sufficient weight and au thority to cause his awards to be ac cepted with respect, the gatherings might come to grief and even result in another war. Indeed, it has some times been said that peace congresses were particularly prolific in engender ing international strife. With regard to the other powers of the entente they will undoubtedly be represented at the next international congress fy their respective premiers and foreign secretaries Instead of by their rulers. For In France, In Italy, in Belgium, In Greece, and Indeed among all the other allies, the direc tion and control of the foreign policies is vested in the cabinet, that is to say, In the hands of the premier and the minister of foreign affairs. The ruler, be he monarch or president, is merely the executive of the government and of the will of the people as expressed by the legislature. True, In England the direction of foreign feffairs is vested by the con stitution in the sovereign. But this is only In theory. In practice the con trol remains, as elsewhere iniEurope, with the premier and foreign minis ter. It Is they who will be called upon to make decisions, sometimes quick decisions, at the congress, in the name of their nation, without wasting time in referring home for instruc tions. Great Britain therefore will, accord ing to present appearances, be repre sented at the congress by her premier, Lloyd George, who does not talk one word of French, and by Arthur Ba four, her secretary of state for for eign affairs, who Is a French scholar, with a rare knowledge of French liter ature. Possibly the premiers of the Dominion of Canada, of the common wealth of Australian and of the South African union would be associated in the British representation. France's delegates would be headed by her premier, now Prof. Palnlev'e, and by her foreign minister and for mer premier Alexandre Ribot, who has an American wife. The spokesman of Italy would be undoubtedly her veteran foreign min-1 They mix well with ether for age. ' Every pound goes farther. 2000 pounds of real roughage to the ton not 1500. Ister, Baron Sydney Sonnlno, whose mother Is an Englishwoman and who received a portion of his education Ir. England, and his colleague premier, old Slgnor Boselll. Japan would prob ably send Field Marshal Count Te rauohl, who Is not only her premier but also her minister of foreign affairs, and who would in all likelihood be accompanied by Viscount Montono, negotiator of the Russo-Japanese al liance, and by Viscount Ishli, who re cently headed the Mikado's war mis sion to the United 8tates. Serbia, who has fought so bravely and suffered so much, would be repre sented at the council board by her aged but still vigorous and mentally alert premier and foreign minister, Nloholas Pashltch. Spain's Reward. ThB.t the principal neutral powers will be admitted to the congress Is a foregone conclusion and In accordance with precedent. Spain, at any rate, deserves a place at the board. If for no other reason than by way of recogn ition of the unselfish and devoted ser vices rendered by her chivalrous young monaroh to the cause of humanity In oonneqtlon with the relief of the suf ferings of the prisoners of war and of the anxiety of their relatives. Many hundreds of lives have been spared through his personal Interces sion with the emperors of Germany and of Austria, many thousands of prisoners have been restored through him to freedom, while hundreds of thousands of captives have been placed through him In communication with those dear to them whom they had left at home. Whenever a sol dier was announced as missing his kinsfolk would send an appeal to King Alfonso at his palace In Madrid, the huge edifice being almost entirely giv en ud to a war relief bureau maintain' ed entirely at his expense. And he and the members of his staff of as sistants would thereupon never rest until they had ascertained whether or not the missing man was lying wound ed In some German hospital or was Interned In some remote German or Austrian prison camp. Moreover, all the powers of the en tente appreciate the unceasing efforts of Kins: Alfonso during the past tnree years to maintain an attitude of friendly neutrality toward them ana to defeat the intrigues throughout the peninsula of Germany, who has ever sought to commit Spain to the cause of the two kaisers, or at any rate to a policy of unfriendly neutrality to ward the allies. But Spain would be represented at the congress In accord ance with the requirements of her constitution, not by her sovereign, but by her premier, Senor Eduardo Dato, and by her minister of foreign affairs. And the same rule would apply to those other neutral powers admitted to the congress. One of the chief reasons, however, for the presence of the principal neu tral powers at the council is the fact that the scope of Its operations will necessarily go beyond deciding the mere conditions of peace Imposed upon iie defeated central powers. The congress will be called upon to deter mine the rearrangement of the map of the entire world. Congresses for this latter purpose seem to come round about every hundred years. Rearranging World Map. Some two centuries ago the leading statesmen of Europe were assembled at Utrecht, in Holland, for the pur pose of negotiating In behalf of their respective governments a whole Beries of treaties by the terms of which the many wars that had been raging until then, including that of the Spanish succession, were brought to a close and the entire map of the world re constituted. The so-called peace of Utrecht was followed a hundred years later by the International congress of Vienna, where, after the destruction of the military terrorism of the first Na poleon, the leading statesmen of Eu rope once again reshaped the map of the whole world, the changes of n very radical character affecting both hemispheres. And now, after the lapse of another century, we are within measurable distance of the gathering of another of these centennial international con gresses somewhere In Europe, pre sumably in Paris, at which the pleni potentiaries of the Powers will deter mine the conditions under which a lasting peace may be secured at the close of the present war, and where also the man of the world will be sub jected to alterations quite as far reach ing and momentous as tnose eneciei by the peace of Utrecht In 1713 and by the congress of Vienna In 1815. On the occasion of the congress of Utrecht the United States was not yet in existence as an independent nation, and not even dreamed of as such. At the time of the congress of Vienna this great American republic was only fortv vcars old. and wan regarded with a considerable amount of 111 will by all the rulers and statesmen present there, as the nation primarily respon sible for those subversive doctrines which, according to them, had pre cipitated the great revolution in France that had ended by plunging all Europe Into wars extending over a period of twenty years. Tho presence, therefore, of the United States at the congress was neither invited nor de sired. The United States was similarly ab sent from the congress of Paris in 1856, at the close of the Crimean war, when the situation in the near east was subjected to very radical modifi cations; and also from the congress of Berlin in 1878, after the Turco-Rus-sian war, which resulted In the or ganization of Bulgaria Into an Inde pendent state and in the emancipation of -Serbia and Roumania from their vassalage to the suserainty of the sublime porte. The congress of Algeclras In 108 for the settlement of the International difficulties In connection with Morocco was the first International council of this kind in which the United States took part the so-called peace, con gresses of The Hague were of an en tirely different character and the In fluential role played at. Algeoiraa by the American plenipotentiary, former Ambassador Henry White, the most experienced and carefully trained vet eran of the diplomatic service of this country, constitutes a happy augury for the commanding place which the United States Is destined to nu at me international congress which will sig nalize the close of the present war. At this congress tha presence of the United States is not only invited and earnestly desired, but moreover seems so natural and Indispensable that its decisions would - appear inconclusive were this nation absent from the b0ar(1' President Wilson's Aim. It is not only the map of the world that will be arranged by this con gress. It will determine more or less indirectly the destinies and the future policies of this nation, both In do mestic matters and In foreign affairs, for a hundred years to come. The man who represents this eoun try will in this way be In a position to exercise a greater amount of In fluence upon the history ot this na tion than any former statesman or president, with the exception of Wash ington, who won its Independence, and Abraham Lincoln, who saved It frdm disintegration. From an American oolnt of view much. Indeed everything, depends on the president aasum ng charge of the interests of-the United States at the congress, not by deputy but in person. V It la no secret among his friends that ever alnce the beginning of the present war he haa entertained the very laudable ambition to be called upon to act, not only aa the chief mediator between the various bellig erents but also as the principal ar bitrator in determining the conditions ot peace. He believed that aa the us h m.ri.tr. f what was until last winter the greatest of all neutral powers ne was wen mien wr m task, and there la no doubt that while hi. nAHnnal avmnfllhlai h,V .11 .lonff been with the allies he sought to con ceal them ana to maintain in nw i Mnani,, -. Attitude, nf the moat strict ImpartlaJ'ty, and of unswerving neutrality, so tnat nothing might in terfere with his selection by all the belligerents as the meaiaior. It was not a selfish ambition. For, lib. n uuai .rat Mman Imbued with a proper sense of the responsi bilities or tnsir omce, n wm to preserve his country from the hor ror of tha present war. He realised the advantages which would aoorue to the United Btatea If it were lnstrumen- . 1 , 1 V flAnflifft tA olftOal- UU III Ul IH.l". , ' and he entertained a very natural yearning for the blessings which are pledged by scripture to. those who act as peacemakers. When last winter war was xorceo n -h. ITnttajl RtfltM h. thi. Ifltisl- Uiuii tiaw " fc erablo affronts and indignities of which Oermany had rendered herself guilty toward this country It seemed . a Krlxf mntnxnf If th nroBDeCtS ;ot Woodrow Wllsoa being called upon to act as a meaiaior wer n inn. He was no longer the head of the greatest of all neutral powers but had become a belligerent. uannany anectea te rcgaru we ea Have You Seen Capable r. S 7 "The Car of the Hour" Now upon Its second triumphant year with a record of perfect scores and highest economy honors in every contest it has entered, including some of the most &ruellin& reliability and endurance runs of the past season. The most recent championship performance of the Elfcin Six was the establishing of a new record of 67 hours between Chicaftp and Miami, Florida, over some of the roughest, steepest mountain roads and through the heaviest sand and mud in the country. The Elftln improved velvet-actin& dutch enables the ElMn SI to be started on hifth ftear, under ordinary conditions, eliminating almost entirely the necessity of ftear shifting and removing the last barrier to the safe and easy drivjnft of a motor car by women. ..,- The El&in improved cantilever rear spring suspension, found only in El&ln ' cars, has set a new standard of motoring ease and comfort at hifth speed. You can safely drive an El&ln Six in comfort at 35 to 50 miles an hour over roads so rou&h that the average car is limited to half that speed. That this bifc, roomy, impressive quality ear has been designed to sell it, less than $1,500 is the most notable achievement of the year In mptordom. $1,500 quality at $1095 ' Can you afford to buy a small "cheap Six," when for a slight additional cost you can drive this Capable Sixthis bift, roomy, impressive quality car, of supreme beauty and comfort? Can you afford to pay more than the Elfcin Six price when this "Beauty of the Road" embodies in such full measure all the quality, style and com fort desired by the discriminating motorist7 ELGIN MOTOR CAR CORPORATION, CHICAGO. U. S. As 5-Passenger Tourinfc 41 fXQtt 4-Passenfcer Roadster px v J J Prim mV te mhmrnee mmkmml assies THE MOTOR COMPANY, State Distributors. WINSTON-SALEM, N. C. If there is not an Elgin-Six dealer in your territory please call or direct. ' trance of America Into the war as of negligible Importance, and statesmen, officers of the armed forces and the organs of the press at Berlin, nay, even the emperor himself, scoffed at the notion of the alliance of the United States proving of any military or naval value to the entente. Before many weeks had passed they had realised their mistake. They had failed to appreciate that President Wilson had it within his power to furnish financial assistance i... . i L.1111.. A. ..i!aM tn tha 1 1 1 Pfl as welt as war supplies of every kind; that ne naa it in nis power 10 pmc- ji embargo upon American exports to ail those neutral countries in Europe from which Oermany had been draw ing oversea foodstuffs, metals and rub ber In spite of the blockade of her coasts, and Anally they never dreamed for one moment in Oermany that the prs dent would develop the small standing army of the United States smaller even than the "contemptible little army" of Oreat Britain, to use the kaiser's words Into a gigantic fighting force of several million men. Indeed, it Is the entrance of the United States Into the war. It Is the assistance furnished by the Washing ton government In the shape of money and supplies. In men and shtps. and last but not least through the em bargo, that Is bringing the conflict to a rapid close aad within a measuratol THE a distance of a victorious, peace. It is therefore eminently fitting that Wood row Wilson, who has as chief magis trate of this republic played so deter mining a part In the fortunes of the war since last spring, should likewise be permitted to play a determining role in the negotiations of the condi tions of peace as presiding officer of the international congress which will be assembled for the purpose. In fact, as the popularly elected ruler of one of the principal belliger ent powers his voice will carry far more weight at the counoll board than if he had remained in the position of the executive of a neutral nation. For when he does speak It will be with all the prestige and authority derived from the knowledge that he haa be hind him ready to back hia words the united will of a nation of over a hun dred million population, a navy now second enly to that of Oreat Britain, an army in the eourse of expansion to a force of several million men and the virtually Inexhaustible resources of the United Btatea. FARM MAWAGEMKWT IS A NTT SIUXI. . , We may not know Just what Is meant by the aubject of "Farm Man-.-..." hnt wa ml know the mean ing the statements "It's all In the man agement" and "He Is bo manager.' write Every farmer must work out a safe nil nrnfltahle intern of farming. This system must provlds: r l. iracticaiiy an me itob . necessary for home use. ' I. Crops In the rotation to transfer u nkrogen from the air to the soil to be used by succeeding crops. J. At least enough good livestock -to consume the roughage that usually ' m MttiA. hmvlH. m. full vear'a . . work for men and horses, and furn- r lah an abundance or bus, ouuer, pork, pork products, poultry and pout -try products for home use. fi , A W.aa anawnd tit faj-m Work - and eolt production. This will save jj. tne money pais oni wr t h. w .k. .ratiMit nroflt . will f come from securing in this way suffl- dent wora siook iot wmnmw production, ... I 6. The most prolific seed for plant . ing purposes. . m aiji ,KnanitA fnF sntla dafl- '. - elent in phosphorus aad Ume tor soils .. needing lime.. ; . 7. Labor-saving farm implements) and machinery for the most economl- ; cal production ot crops.- The Progres- . slve Farmer, . . One half a new shoe polishing brush is made of bristles and the remainder ta covered with wool, while set into tha back la a tuba of polish.

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