THE ASHEVILLE CITIZEN THE WEATITER: rair Wednesday jm! Tharartay. Jfo cbaoce In lesnpcrature. CITIZKN WANT ADS BRING RESULTS VOL. XXXV, NO. 53. ASHEV1ILE.N.C, WEDNESDAY MORNlNd. DKCKMHKK 18, 1918. PRICE 1-1 VE CENTS nnrninniT urn nnn! UHTERMYER TELLS The Gorer Gored JEWS IVOULD FOfiM rutin i m.m MAKING STUDY OF ON REVENUE BILL IE BY SENATE PROGRESS COMMITTEE HE IS commonwulth urn wpwi i 0 P GERMAN RUSSIAN PROBLEM M PALESTINE UNDER ) Appears Before Committee Investigating Hun Propa ganda at Own Request DECLINED TO ACT AS COUNSEL TO HUNS Has Already Taken Up Question With French Statesmen RUSSIA'S PLIGHT IS SERIOUS PROBLEM Penrose Urges Prompt Passage But Disapproves Certain Sections Explains His Negotiations With Albert and Oth er Germans WASHINGTON', Dec. 17. Samuel I'ntarmyer. of New Tork, appearing today at his own requeet before the senate committee ln estimating beer and German propaganda said he wu present to disprove "the Innuendoes and Implications" before the commit tee that he was of pro-Herman sym pathy before the I'nited States entered the war. Mr. Cntermyrr said that he had hut few conferences with former Uernian Ambassador Rernstorff and added lhat he had declined to act as legal adviser to the embassy, although oth er lawyers had accepted fee for such services. He said that before the Kni fes" Htates entered the war he had formed the conclusion that It would not have been to the best Interests of civilisation for Germany to have won the war. Explained Negotiation. Mr. ITntermyer explained his nego tiations In 1 9 i 6 with Dr. Helnnerlch P. Albert, paymaster of the fierman propagandists, for the purchase of the New York Evening and Morning Sun and said that they were made with full knowledge that Albert was attach ed to the German embassy. He aaid the transaction was to be purely a business one and that It made no dif ference to him then whether Albert ecured the money from Berlin so long as control of the paper remained with himself and his associate. The witness told of his friendship with Dr. Bernard Dernburg. who left the United States at the request of President Wilson because of his pub lic speeches in defense of the sinking if the Lusltanla. He said he did not believe Dernburg really uelteved all he said , about the Lusltanla. IjO-'.Te" From Morrill. During the hearing today th com mittee received a letter from Brad ford Merrill, editor of the New York meHcan. sajriaiht r FJlmmtilmifH Fox was not employed by th3 Htorst newspapers and that there waa no record that Marshall Kelly hnd been employed by those publications. Fox's name frequently nas been mentioned at the investigation in con nection with German propaganda, while Kelly was said to have been ent to Baltimore by German agents tn attempt to negotiate for the pur chase of the Baltimore Sun. After receipt of the letter. Captain .Jeorge B. Lester, of the army In telligence service, who had men iioned the names of Pox and Kelly In his testimony laat weejc, was recalled. He read into the record credentials vWth' he said were given Fox when the correspondent went to Germany Hiid which showed he was connected with the Hearst office there. Captain Lester said the information he gave the committee about Kelly waa ob tained from the confession of a former co-worker of Albert and Dr. Karl Knehr, another German agent. Too Many Rulers For Too Many Sections Cause Trouble WAR PROFITS RATES SECTION ADOPTED Tax on Distilled Beverages For Beverage Purposes $6.40 a Gallon WASHINGTON. Pec 17- The Hus sian problem already haa been taken up by President Wilson with French statesmen, it was learned here today and the determination of a detinue policy on which all the allied coun tries and Ihe I'nited Stales may atrree will be one of the first things under taken at the preliminary meetings which are to precede the peace con ference Russia's plight and the attitude to be adopted by the victorious associat ed nations Is recognized as one of the most serious problems of the con ference. Every proposed solution so far Is said to have been blocked by the unanswered question of who is qualified to speak for the Russian people. In Hands of Dictator. The government at Omsk, of which the I'nited States and other govern ments nave expected much Is now In the hands of a dictator and split into factions. The entente nations have not given up hope that the Omsk authorities may yet evolve a stable form of government for Russia, but this has not been accomplished now and none of the allied governments has recognized the Omsk regime. Prince Lvoff, who was premier in the Kerensky cabinet and who has devoted most of his life to the de velopment of the zemstvo system In Russia and Boris Bakhmeteff, Russian ambassador In Washington, appoint ed by Kerensky. as well as Professor Paul MllukofT, Kerensky s foreign minister are on their way to Parts with other prominent Russians to do whatever they cm to aid the allies In the solution of the Russian prob lem. But whether they represent the people of Russia at this time, is a question which it privately Is admit ted cannot be answered here, . Prince I "offhar recently been In Washington where he discussed the situation In his country with Presi dent Wilson and Secretary of State Lansing. Control Cossacks. Alexleff, Deneklne and other Cos sack leaders are in control in the Cossack districts on the Don and at Orenburg, and are maintaining a government more nearly stable than any other In Russia at present un less it is at Archangel, which is operating In accord with the ullitd forces in the north. Far from according any recognition to the soviet regime at Petrograd. ' WASHINGTON. Pec. IT, Rapid progien on the wur revenue bill was made today by the senate with lead ers apparently uniting to hasten its pmxage by late this week or at least before the holidays. After Senator Penrose, senior re publican of the finance committee, hal delivered a prepared address urg ing prompt patMafte of the blll but disapproving Its 'provision to fix 19'JH tax rotes, the senate, with only a hand ful of members present and with per functory discussion, atlopted many Im portant amendments ami approved pages of minor provisions. Consider ation of all 1920 rates, however, whs postponed by unanimous consent. Among important sections adopted wgere: Iniportunt Sections. The war excess profits rates for 1919 ranging from thirty to eifchty per cent as revised by the finance committee and estimated to raise $2 -400, 000.000 as compared with $3,200, 000.000 under the house bill; Rates of J6.40 and I .'.20 per gal lon, respectively on distilled spirits for beverage and non-beverage pur poses as reduced from the respective $8 and H 40 gallon rases of the house bill and estimated to raise $450,000, 000 as against $760,000,000 under the house draft; Taxes on freight, passenger. ex press pullman and oil pipe line trans portation as proposed In the finance committee's revision and estimated to yield $229,000,000; and Repeal on July l. next of the Jaw Increasing first-class mail rates from two to three cents an ounce, and pro viding for restoration of the old pre war rates involving a revenue reduc tion of about $50,000,000. . lienor nation. Made. When these provisions were adopt ed reservations were made by several senators of their right to offer sub stitutes or amendments later. Senator LaFoIlette, of Wisconsin, republican. announced he would offer an amend ment for revisions of the individual income surtaxes and Senator Thomas of Colorado, democrat, gave notice that ha would propose war excess profits rates in lieu of the committee plan. The committee amendment for restoration of pre-war postage rates on letters and postcards next July was adopted without discussion, but action was deferred on the companion provision ror repeal of the existing BRITISHC0NTROL Resolutions to This Effect Adopted By Jewish Congress JEWISH ANTHEM IS ! SUNG AT MEETING Want Delegation to Protest Rights of Jews at Peace Conference ORDNANCE BUREAU OF WAR DEPARTMENT HAD ACHIEVED OUTPUT OF 500 GUNS A MONTH WHEN ARMISTICE ENDED THE WAR Faced by Problem of Producing 2,000 Guns of Ml Calibres a Month Without Dis- turbing fJi;0un aJT ?"or Dtpartmtnt Had Prepared to Put Program in Full Swing By Hext Me.w WASHINGTON, Dec. 17. Faced h completed guns have been poured a program of producing '-'.000 guns of across to Great Britain and shipments the united states some time ago i zone rates on second-class postage called upon Jill civilized nations to in ml substitution of the committee's (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) AMERICAN FLEET WILL ARRIVE AT DECEMBER 24 FOR REVIEW Secretary Daniels Plans to Review Fleet On Arrival, PLANS ARE MADE CONTROL OF ALL RADIO Believe That Stations Should Remain Under Private Control TOO MANY GERMANS WASHINGTON. Dec. 17 The American fleet returning from Europe, which Is to be reviewed at New York by Secretary Daniels, is expected to arrive off Ambrose Light vessel at daylight on Tuesday, December 24. The navy department announced that the ships will pass the Statue of Liberty about 9 a. in., and will then anchor in the North i river from Fifty-fifth street to Fort Washing-ton. Besides the ships already an nounced an returning from foreign service and those acting as escort to the presidential ship, the George Washington, these vessels will take part in the review: Battleships New Mexico, Mississippi, Missouri, Maine, Wisconsin, Alabama. Illinois, Kear saige, Iowa, Indiana and Massa chusetts; hospital ship Solace, sup ply ship Bridge, and one or more naval fuel ships. Neither the exact number nor the names of the destroyers and con verted yachts returning from Europe are known now at the navy- depart ment. The destroyers and other small craft, on their arrival will be anchored in berths on the New Jersey side of the Hudson river. As It .passes Into the harbor the Beet will be reviewed by Secretary Daniels from the Mayflower, followed by vessels carrying New York city of ficials, will review the ships at anchor. In the afternoon, men from the fleet will parade down Broadway and Kifth avenue. - The department tn nounced that as the parade will occur on Christmas eve, generous leave of absence will be granted to both officer and men immediately after Its conclusion. The fleet probably' will remain at New Tork until January I. WASHINGTON. Dec. 17. Officials of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph company of America appeared before the house merchant marine commit tee today to oppose the adminlstra tion bill providing for purchase and control by the navy department of all radio stations in this country. John W. Griggs, president of the company Kdward Nally, vice-president, and D. Sarnoff, commercial agent, gave rea sons why they believed the stations should be left in private hands Mr. Nally told the committee that twentv-flve wireless stations in Mex ico had been under German control during the war. An investigation of the wireless system In that country recently completed by an agent of the Marconi company he stated; show ed that although the Mexican govern ment claims title to all wireless sta tions, German apparatus is used and German operators were found in all of them He said the Investigation also disclosed that the whole system was supervised by German radio ex perts, Mr. Nally recommended to the com mittee that the government be allow ed to, control coastal stations which receive and transmit messages be tween ships and the lund, but urged that the ownership of stations sending trans-oceanic or overland messages should be allowed to remain In private hands. He advocated a continuation of government control of radio sta tions. Government ownership of the sta tions was characterized by Mr. Griggs as unjust, confiscatory, and a "menace to the country," as it would mean, he said, that not a single private busi ness or preaa message could be sent without Its passing; through govern ment hands, thereby setting up an arbitrary censorship. The committee was asked to re view the bill, so if passed it would T TROOPS HAVE REACHED COfiLENJNRECENTDAYS Advance G-uard Followed . . By Large Army of U. S. Boys all calibre a month without dlsturl Ing the flow of guns to the allied na tlons or the navy's prior right, the ordnance bureau of the war depart ineiit. had achieved an output of about 500' guns a month when the armistice ended hostilities. By June of next year production would have been In full swing. These facts were revealed today by Assistant Secretary Crowell. In a per sonally conducted trip to the new proving ground at Aberdeen, Md., where all types of guns were demon strated for Mr. Crowell's party, and Amerlcan-bullr tanks and tractors were put through Uielr paces. Allies First Line. Mr. Crowell suld the United States had looked upon the allies as the first line of defense when this country en tered the war, and formulated its mu nitions plans so s not to interfere with the gun and ammunition con tracts for France and Great Britain. Many American gun forglngs and to the rrenrh armies had reached a total of 1,000 guns a month. The needs of the navy as the sec ond defense line also gave It rlonly and the shipping board came next In the list for steel and other commodi ties needed to carry out the huge pro gram mapped out for the American army Itself. This placed the Ameri can ordnance program fourth on the list with the necessity of building from the up. A striking feature i4 what was ac complished. It was ehcyrm by officers of the proving ground, was the fact that In the 155 nmi. Howltser pro gram, an output had been reached that exceeded the estimated needs of the American forces. The demonstration that covered all the trench warfare weapons ami the field nrtillerv Including the six-Inch guns taken from American coast de fenses . and many of which reached the front as field guns before the war ended. It took In alst) the first public . . ; . ' ,u",l""n-",L"-"u ' operation with the repreaer nJ?C.h we"pn hurling projec- , Jw of other ,.nd ,t over the range. ,u w ,nd.avors t8 ralte Onna fired. ui. tnr hih tutm demonstration of these giant guns mounted on railway carriages, solid rankp of seven-inch, fourteen-lnch and ixteen-lnch tiles Onna tired. Among the guns fired were a slx-teen-lnch mortar and a alxteen-lnch Howitser. A fourteen-lnch rifle of extreme range and power, railway mounted and so designed that the recoil Is taken up In the backward movement of the whole massive carriage along the tracks, also was fired. It is a purely American output and is the first of the great mobile seacoast batteries to be added to the defenue of the nation. A tank demonstration today was ihe three-ton two-man type of Ameri can design. A production of 100 a day of these swift, machine gun arm ed land ships was almost ready to start when the war came to an end. fcarly in the spring It would have been reached, supplementing the slx ton tank program upon which the rHlljlDKLPHIA. Per. IT. The American Jewish congress tonight declared for Jewish commonwealth In Palestine under the trusteeship of Great Britain, acting on behalf of such league of nations as may be formed. The declaration. In the form of a resolution, was adopted amid wild enthusiasm. The 400 delegates rep- irnrniins mors man i,uvo,odo mem bers of their race In the United' States, rose and sang the Hatlkvoh, the Jewish anthem. Thl was follow.' ed by the singing of the Star Spangled . Banner. . The resolution follows: , The Kemt'lutlon. "That the American Jewish con, gress instruct their delegation t Europe to co-operate with the repre sentatives of other Jewish organisa tions and specifically with the world Zionist organisation, to the end that the peace conference may recornim Ihe aspirations and hlstoria claims of the Jewish people with regard to Palestine, and declare that In ac cordance with the British govern ment's declaration of November i, 1017, endorsed by the allied govern-. ! ments and the president of the Vnlted mates there shall be established aueh. political, administrative aad economic condition In Palestine as will asaur under the, trusteeship of Great Britain' noting on'behalf of such league of na' flons as may be formed, the develop ment of. Palestine ilnto a Jewish commonwealth, it being clearly under-' : stood that nothing shell bt done which shall pre.ludloe the civil and ' rerlglous right! of exIstttiV non-Jewlsh communities jjt Palestine of the rtgrrts" and political status enjoyed by JawsT" In aijy other country.",, ' Another resolution waa adopted that the congress shall elect delegation of not more than seven "members who shall leave for Europe, where "ln co-, operation with the repreoentativea of . hall us. , ' realize the ob-, jecis ior wmcn mi congress was N tabllshed, in accordance with Instruc tions formulated by this congrssa." Report nt Congress. , , The delegation la Instructed to ren der a report to the congress after it labors in Europe are completed, and the president of the congress la re quired to summon that body to receive -a report of the delegation not later " than one year after the treaty ot y peace shall haVe been signed. It was further decided that in the . I CONTINUED ON I'AUJS TWO ( CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) CITY TAKEN OVER COBLENZ, Sunffay, Dec. 15 (By The Associated Press) Approximate ly forty thousand American troops have arrived at Coblenz since the advance guard reached here a wee't ago. A Urge number of these troops have passed through the city, while considerable forces will remain here temporarily. The people of Coblenz got their first glimps of American aeroplanes today, several of the machines living over the Rhine toward the undge head boundary. The officers and clerks of the Third army arrived here today followed by trucks loaded with equipment. The largest hotel in Coblenz, overlooking tho Rhine and the two bridges where most of the troops cross the river, has been taken over as quarters for Third army officers-The headquarrars or me inird army ate established in a government building adjoining the hotel. By noon the Third army vs in communication with the back .nreaa by telephone, telegraph and wireless. R'S SUMMER PALACE Palace Surrounded By "Royal Gardens" and Contains Valuables. WITH THK AMERICAN ARMY OF OCCUPATION. Monday. Dee. 16 (By THOSE IN PRISON CAMPS Charles M. Lumpkin, of This City, Is Camp. in Unknown WASHINGTON. Dec. 17 A list of American soldiers reported In prison The Associated Press.) The royal I n -""h castle In Coblen.. known as one of the former emperor's summer palaces. Is now under guard by American troops. The palace stands on the banks of the Rhine, a stone's throw from the business center of Coblenz. The palace is surrounded by roynl REMAINJNTHE CABINET War Cabinet Will Be Super seded By Normal Cabinet in Near Future. NAVAL ACADEMY AND PAY ' A VISIT TO BALTIMORE Question of National Guard Will Be Taken Up Today nlalit. Includes the following: At Rastatt: Privates Paul Denton, Hickory. N. C. ; Oscar Copper. Bush. La.; Sergeant William L. Bperry, Tampa, Fin. At Camp Unknown: Corporal Charles M. Lumpkin. 47 Sluing street. on, I rnntalna manv articles i Asheville. N. '.: Itortie n. waiaer. of historic Interest in addition to sil- i Weaverford. N. C; Privates William ; The newspaper nays thai in the or Perry, tenm uurnam, y .; jubium n. uinary course oi evenis uie war cabl Dugger, Culllkon, Tenn.: corporal net will be superseded by a normal John Pearcy, Robertsonvtue, r. t LONDON. Dec 17 ( British Wire less Service.) The Dally Chronicle's parliamentary correspondent says that Licutvnant-Oenerai .Ian Christian Smuts, who was reported Mondav as having resigned from the war cabinet on the ground that, the war having terminated, his services no longer were required, probably will remain In office as long as the war cabinet I continues. FINAL CONFERENCE verware snd other belongings of II liam I., who once occupied the build ing. Since the arrival of the Americans there have been several attempts to remove some of the valuables in tne palace. Therefore it wns decided that the guard should be placed around the house as a precaution against the fur niture and other things Inside beii disturbed. The palace was built by Prince Cle- rne punning ws mens au During Sunday various detachments I started lrr the year 17T8 and was fin- of Infantry and artillery passed pint Ye ,later.' ""T '' through Coblenz oA their way to loin occupation,nr uooienz oy tne r reni.ii the dlvisfons east of the - Rh'-ne. t tn pa!aeewas used as a hospital And Churchgoers viewed the marching ater the tiennan ueea . .J" troons with much interest !... (n racks. During the present war the the afternoon the Third division. which had been along the Rhine south of Coblenz, marched through the city headed oy a band, each musicWn mounted on a grey horse. The Third division crossed the Moselle north of Coblenz where it has taken up a position in support of the troops within the bridgehead. German officers, who had remained In the city to turn over war material palace was not disfurbed by the Ger man army. The royal barracks with in the palace gardens is occupied by American troops, but thus far the Americans have not entered the pal ace Itself. to the Americans, soon completed their tasks and proceeded across the provide for an arbitration board to Rhine in automobiles flying white decide upon the' amount to ba paid flags to loin the German armies be- announced today that the squadron aha Marconi comoaoy. on4 the bxldechead lioa, , bid completed 2.100 en lies of Its trip. COMPLKTED 9,100 MILKS. WASHINGTON, Sept. 17 The squadron of four army aeroplanes which Is flying across the continent from Ban Diego, Cal.. will come to Washington instead of branching off from Bay Minette', Ala., to the At lantic ocean. Tne war department km:hai fight. N K W YOKK, Dec. 17.,- Alleged anarchists, pacifists. Industrial Work ers' of the Wrld and other radicals who attended u conference here lo night called by the workers' defense union, engatied In a general light in which a score of persons were bruis ed and which cleared the hall of near ly all the 400 persons ussembled there. The announced purpose of the meeting was To TnauKunite a nation wide campaign for the liberal ion of all labor and political prisoners Imprison ed dur nst the war. A speaker who wss Introduced a "Comrade Abrams" precipitated the disorder by introducing a resolution calling for the specific inclusion of anarohists among those whose free dom was to be sought. ANNAPOLIS. Md Dec. IT. State governors In conference here today inspected the naval-academy, went to Baltimore tonight as guests of the Baltimore Press club, and between times discussed future state labor, educational and public land policies. At the final session tomorrow, the conference expects to take up the question whut is to become of the national guard after demobilization. The naval academy was In full working order as the governors were escorted through it by Rear Ad- WA.VT8 PI-ACE TERMS. NEW YORK, Dec. 17 The SvrlaJi national conference of North Ameri ca, declared in a statement tonight that Syria is another of the nations which desires applied to It President Wilson's principle of aelf-determina-tioa. l cabinet, of which General Smuts wllllm,ai Edward W. Kberle, the super not be a member. Intendent. (Jeneral Smula tvll! have important I The governors inspected modern duties to fulfill In connection with ! explosives, mines, torpedoes, depth the Paris peace negotiations, the Dally charges, a half-ton of fresh bread Chronicle continues: -and Wther h;limi great cauldrons of soup, all of or General Hot ha. the South African ,iem essential parts of the largest premier, will be a member of thelnnv.t ti-olnlncr nrdemv In the world. peace conference. The governors also paused through "It Is understood that Mr Lloyd- ,he """f" of ,hu old town to m8Prt George is averse to a large cabinet historic: residences, amil when his government is reconstl-! Governor Boyle, of Nevada art luted after the elections it probablv dressing the conference on labor will be found thai the personnel of lpolic'e8' 8ald Pblict opt7llon " the neVcablnet w-llf not exceed twelve longer approved the brutal methods Considerable changes may be looked ll of the paBt emI,l(,'ed ln, th,f " for in the ministry. I "n nt of labor conti oversles. A solution of the labor problem Lord Millie- will leave Ihe warllust come. Governor Boyle sald.-bv' office and Sir Brie Geddes the adml-' ,nutua 1 consideration by employer rally and it is an open secret that, and employes and It is the function Austen Chamberlain will succeed An- Qf the government, federal and state. . drew Honar Law as chancellor of the to bring these two forces together.' exchequer. Advantage may be taken Governor Boyle said the American of the nationalisation of railways to Federation of Labor has been tha appoint a minister of tranaport, a post ' most powerful single influence in'V for which Sir Eric Geddes has ob- pointing the way to a practical solu vlous qualifications. j tjon of ub(r questions and ln guldinn "The prime minister has deferred men away from socialistic theorisa . his vieit to Paris in order that he 1 and radicalism. The I. ' W. W.. ha . may be present In London, Thursday said, includes many honest rnen, wall to participate ln the welcome to the i Ing for the right kind of leadership. , victqrlous British generals. He Willi. Governor Lister, of Washington, . go to France Friday to meet Presl- urged state government to study Ue . dent Wilson.'1 causes of social u&raeC 'h.

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