THE ASHEVILLE CITIZEN
rair Wednesday jm! Tharartay. Jfo
cbaoce In lesnpcrature.
CITIZKN WANT ADS
VOL. XXXV, NO. 53.
ASHEV1ILE.N.C, WEDNESDAY MORNlNd. DKCKMHKK 18, 1918.
PRICE 1-1 VE CENTS
nnrninniT urn nnn!
The Gorer Gored
JEWS IVOULD FOfiM
rutin i m.m
MAKING STUDY OF
ON REVENUE BILL
IE BY SENATE
COMMITTEE HE IS
urn wpwi i
Appears Before Committee
Investigating Hun Propa
ganda at Own Request
DECLINED TO ACT AS
COUNSEL TO HUNS
Has Already Taken Up
Question With French
RUSSIA'S PLIGHT IS
Penrose Urges Prompt
Passage But Disapproves
Explains His Negotiations
With Albert and Oth
WASHINGTON', Dec. 17. Samuel
I'ntarmyer. of New Tork, appearing
today at his own requeet before the
senate committee ln estimating beer
and German propaganda said he wu
present to disprove "the Innuendoes
and Implications" before the commit
tee that he was of pro-Herman sym
pathy before the I'nited States entered
Mr. Cntermyrr said that he had hut
few conferences with former Uernian
Ambassador Rernstorff and added
lhat he had declined to act as legal
adviser to the embassy, although oth
er lawyers had accepted fee for such
services. He said that before the Kni
fes" Htates entered the war he had
formed the conclusion that It would
not have been to the best Interests of
civilisation for Germany to have won
Mr. ITntermyer explained his nego
tiations In 1 9 i 6 with Dr. Helnnerlch
P. Albert, paymaster of the fierman
propagandists, for the purchase of the
New York Evening and Morning Sun
and said that they were made with
full knowledge that Albert was attach
ed to the German embassy. He aaid
the transaction was to be purely a
business one and that It made no dif
ference to him then whether Albert
ecured the money from Berlin so
long as control of the paper remained
with himself and his associate.
The witness told of his friendship
with Dr. Bernard Dernburg. who left
the United States at the request of
President Wilson because of his pub
lic speeches in defense of the sinking
if the Lusltanla. He said he did not
believe Dernburg really uelteved all
he said , about the Lusltanla.
IjO-'.Te" From Morrill.
During the hearing today th com
mittee received a letter from Brad
ford Merrill, editor of the New York
meHcan. sajriaiht r FJlmmtilmifH
Fox was not employed by th3 Htorst
newspapers and that there waa no
record that Marshall Kelly hnd been
employed by those publications.
Fox's name frequently nas been
mentioned at the investigation in con
nection with German propaganda,
while Kelly was said to have been
ent to Baltimore by German agents
tn attempt to negotiate for the pur
chase of the Baltimore Sun.
After receipt of the letter. Captain
.Jeorge B. Lester, of the army In
telligence service, who had men
iioned the names of Pox and Kelly In
his testimony laat weejc, was recalled.
He read into the record credentials
vWth' he said were given Fox when
the correspondent went to Germany
Hiid which showed he was connected
with the Hearst office there. Captain
Lester said the information he gave
the committee about Kelly waa ob
tained from the confession of a
former co-worker of Albert and Dr.
Karl Knehr, another German agent.
Too Many Rulers For Too
Many Sections Cause
WAR PROFITS RATES
Tax on Distilled Beverages
For Beverage Purposes
$6.40 a Gallon
WASHINGTON. Pec 17- The Hus
sian problem already haa been taken
up by President Wilson with French
statesmen, it was learned here today
and the determination of a detinue
policy on which all the allied coun
tries and Ihe I'nited Stales may atrree
will be one of the first things under
taken at the preliminary meetings
which are to precede the peace con
ference Russia's plight and the attitude to
be adopted by the victorious associat
ed nations Is recognized as one of
the most serious problems of the con
ference. Every proposed solution so
far Is said to have been blocked by
the unanswered question of who is
qualified to speak for the Russian
In Hands of Dictator.
The government at Omsk, of which
the I'nited States and other govern
ments nave expected much Is now In
the hands of a dictator and split into
factions. The entente nations have
not given up hope that the Omsk
authorities may yet evolve a stable
form of government for Russia, but
this has not been accomplished now
and none of the allied governments
has recognized the Omsk regime.
Prince Lvoff, who was premier in
the Kerensky cabinet and who has
devoted most of his life to the de
velopment of the zemstvo system In
Russia and Boris Bakhmeteff, Russian
ambassador In Washington, appoint
ed by Kerensky. as well as Professor
Paul MllukofT, Kerensky s foreign
minister are on their way to Parts
with other prominent Russians to do
whatever they cm to aid the allies
In the solution of the Russian prob
lem. But whether they represent the
people of Russia at this time, is a
question which it privately Is admit
ted cannot be answered here, .
Prince I "offhar recently been In
Washington where he discussed the
situation In his country with Presi
dent Wilson and Secretary of State
Alexleff, Deneklne and other Cos
sack leaders are in control in the
Cossack districts on the Don and at
Orenburg, and are maintaining a
government more nearly stable than
any other In Russia at present un
less it is at Archangel, which is
operating In accord with the ullitd
forces in the north.
Far from according any recognition
to the soviet regime at Petrograd. '
WASHINGTON. Pec. IT, Rapid
progien on the wur revenue bill was
made today by the senate with lead
ers apparently uniting to hasten its
pmxage by late this week or at least
before the holidays.
After Senator Penrose, senior re
publican of the finance committee,
hal delivered a prepared address urg
ing prompt patMafte of the blll but
disapproving Its 'provision to fix 19'JH
tax rotes, the senate, with only a hand
ful of members present and with per
functory discussion, atlopted many Im
portant amendments ami approved
pages of minor provisions. Consider
ation of all 1920 rates, however, whs
postponed by unanimous consent.
Among important sections adopted
The war excess profits rates for
1919 ranging from thirty to eifchty
per cent as revised by the finance
committee and estimated to raise $2 -400,
000.000 as compared with $3,200,
000.000 under the house bill;
Rates of J6.40 and I .'.20 per gal
lon, respectively on distilled spirits
for beverage and non-beverage pur
poses as reduced from the respective
$8 and H 40 gallon rases of the house
bill and estimated to raise $450,000,
000 as against $760,000,000 under the
Taxes on freight, passenger. ex
press pullman and oil pipe line trans
portation as proposed In the finance
committee's revision and estimated to
yield $229,000,000; and
Repeal on July l. next of the Jaw
Increasing first-class mail rates from
two to three cents an ounce, and pro
viding for restoration of the old pre
war rates involving a revenue reduc
tion of about $50,000,000.
. lienor nation. Made.
When these provisions were adopt
ed reservations were made by several
senators of their right to offer sub
stitutes or amendments later. Senator
LaFoIlette, of Wisconsin, republican.
announced he would offer an amend
ment for revisions of the individual
income surtaxes and Senator Thomas
of Colorado, democrat, gave notice
that ha would propose war excess
profits rates in lieu of the committee
plan. The committee amendment for
restoration of pre-war postage rates
on letters and postcards next July
was adopted without discussion, but
action was deferred on the companion
provision ror repeal of the existing
Resolutions to This Effect
Adopted By Jewish
JEWISH ANTHEM IS
! SUNG AT MEETING
Want Delegation to Protest
Rights of Jews at Peace
ORDNANCE BUREAU OF WAR DEPARTMENT
HAD ACHIEVED OUTPUT OF 500 GUNS A
MONTH WHEN ARMISTICE ENDED THE WAR
Faced by Problem of Producing 2,000 Guns of Ml Calibres a Month Without Dis-
turbing fJi;0un aJT ?"or Dtpartmtnt
Had Prepared to Put Program in Full Swing By Hext Me.w
WASHINGTON, Dec. 17. Faced h completed guns have been poured
a program of producing '-'.000 guns of across to Great Britain and shipments
the united states some time ago i zone rates on second-class postage
called upon Jill civilized nations to in ml substitution of the committee's
(CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO)
(CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO)
AMERICAN FLEET WILL
DECEMBER 24 FOR REVIEW
Secretary Daniels Plans to
Review Fleet On
PLANS ARE MADE
CONTROL OF ALL RADIO
Believe That Stations
Should Remain Under
TOO MANY GERMANS
WASHINGTON. Dec. 17 The
American fleet returning from Europe,
which Is to be reviewed at New York
by Secretary Daniels, is expected to
arrive off Ambrose Light vessel at
daylight on Tuesday, December 24.
The navy department announced
that the ships will pass the Statue of
Liberty about 9 a. in., and will then
anchor in the North i river from
Fifty-fifth street to Fort Washing-ton.
Besides the ships already an
nounced an returning from foreign
service and those acting as escort to
the presidential ship, the George
Washington, these vessels will take
part in the review: Battleships New
Mexico, Mississippi, Missouri, Maine,
Wisconsin, Alabama. Illinois, Kear
saige, Iowa, Indiana and Massa
chusetts; hospital ship Solace, sup
ply ship Bridge, and one or more
naval fuel ships.
Neither the exact number nor the
names of the destroyers and con
verted yachts returning from Europe
are known now at the navy- depart
ment. The destroyers and other
small craft, on their arrival will be
anchored in berths on the New Jersey
side of the Hudson river.
As It .passes Into the harbor the
Beet will be reviewed by Secretary
Daniels from the Mayflower, followed
by vessels carrying New York city of
ficials, will review the ships at
In the afternoon, men from the
fleet will parade down Broadway and
Kifth avenue. - The department tn
nounced that as the parade will
occur on Christmas eve, generous
leave of absence will be granted to
both officer and men immediately
after Its conclusion.
The fleet probably' will remain at
New Tork until January I.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 17. Officials
of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph
company of America appeared before
the house merchant marine commit
tee today to oppose the adminlstra
tion bill providing for purchase and
control by the navy department of
all radio stations in this country. John
W. Griggs, president of the company
Kdward Nally, vice-president, and D.
Sarnoff, commercial agent, gave rea
sons why they believed the stations
should be left in private hands
Mr. Nally told the committee that
twentv-flve wireless stations in Mex
ico had been under German control
during the war. An investigation of
the wireless system In that country
recently completed by an agent of
the Marconi company he stated; show
ed that although the Mexican govern
ment claims title to all wireless sta
tions, German apparatus is used and
German operators were found in all
of them He said the Investigation
also disclosed that the whole system
was supervised by German radio ex
perts, Mr. Nally recommended to the com
mittee that the government be allow
ed to, control coastal stations which
receive and transmit messages be
tween ships and the lund, but urged
that the ownership of stations sending
trans-oceanic or overland messages
should be allowed to remain In private
hands. He advocated a continuation
of government control of radio sta
tions. Government ownership of the sta
tions was characterized by Mr. Griggs
as unjust, confiscatory, and a "menace
to the country," as it would mean, he
said, that not a single private busi
ness or preaa message could be sent
without Its passing; through govern
ment hands, thereby setting up an
The committee was asked to re
view the bill, so if passed it would
TROOPS HAVE REACHED
Advance G-uard Followed
. . By Large Army of
U. S. Boys
all calibre a month without dlsturl
Ing the flow of guns to the allied na
tlons or the navy's prior right, the
ordnance bureau of the war depart
ineiit. had achieved an output of
about 500' guns a month when the
armistice ended hostilities. By June
of next year production would have
been In full swing.
These facts were revealed today by
Assistant Secretary Crowell. In a per
sonally conducted trip to the new
proving ground at Aberdeen, Md.,
where all types of guns were demon
strated for Mr. Crowell's party, and
Amerlcan-bullr tanks and tractors
were put through Uielr paces.
Allies First Line.
Mr. Crowell suld the United States
had looked upon the allies as the first
line of defense when this country en
tered the war, and formulated its mu
nitions plans so s not to interfere
with the gun and ammunition con
tracts for France and Great Britain.
Many American gun forglngs and
to the rrenrh armies had reached a
total of 1,000 guns a month.
The needs of the navy as the sec
ond defense line also gave It rlonly
and the shipping board came next In
the list for steel and other commodi
ties needed to carry out the huge pro
gram mapped out for the American
army Itself. This placed the Ameri
can ordnance program fourth on the
list with the necessity of building from
the gro.md up.
A striking feature i4 what was ac
complished. It was ehcyrm by officers
of the proving ground, was the fact
that In the 155 nmi. Howltser pro
gram, an output had been reached
that exceeded the estimated needs of
the American forces.
The demonstration that covered all
the trench warfare weapons ami the
field nrtillerv Including the six-Inch
guns taken from American coast de
fenses . and many of which reached
the front as field guns before the war
ended. It took In alst) the first public
. . ; . ' ,u",l""n-",L"-"u ' operation with the repreaer
nJ?C.h we"pn hurling projec- , Jw of other ,.nd ,t
over the range. ,u w ,nd.avors t8 ralte
Onna fired. ui. tnr hih tutm
demonstration of these giant guns
mounted on railway carriages, solid
rankp of seven-inch, fourteen-lnch and
Among the guns fired were a slx-teen-lnch
mortar and a alxteen-lnch
A fourteen-lnch rifle of extreme
range and power, railway mounted
and so designed that the recoil Is taken
up In the backward movement of the
whole massive carriage along the
tracks, also was fired. It is a purely
American output and is the first of the
great mobile seacoast batteries to be
added to the defenue of the nation.
A tank demonstration today was
ihe three-ton two-man type of Ameri
can design. A production of 100 a
day of these swift, machine gun arm
ed land ships was almost ready to
start when the war came to an end.
fcarly in the spring It would have
been reached, supplementing the slx
ton tank program upon which the
rHlljlDKLPHIA. Per. IT. The
American Jewish congress tonight
declared for Jewish commonwealth
In Palestine under the trusteeship of
Great Britain, acting on behalf of
such league of nations as may be
The declaration. In the form of a
resolution, was adopted amid wild
enthusiasm. The 400 delegates rep-
irnrniins mors man i,uvo,odo mem
bers of their race In the United'
States, rose and sang the Hatlkvoh,
the Jewish anthem. Thl was follow.'
ed by the singing of the Star Spangled .
The resolution follows:
, The Kemt'lutlon.
"That the American Jewish con,
gress instruct their delegation t
Europe to co-operate with the repre
sentatives of other Jewish organisa
tions and specifically with the world
Zionist organisation, to the end that
the peace conference may recornim
Ihe aspirations and hlstoria claims of
the Jewish people with regard to
Palestine, and declare that In ac
cordance with the British govern
ment's declaration of November i,
1017, endorsed by the allied govern-.
! ments and the president of the Vnlted
mates there shall be established aueh.
political, administrative aad economic
condition In Palestine as will asaur
under the, trusteeship of Great Britain'
noting on'behalf of such league of na'
flons as may be formed, the develop
ment of. Palestine ilnto a Jewish
commonwealth, it being clearly under-' :
stood that nothing shell bt done
which shall pre.ludloe the civil and '
rerlglous right! of exIstttiV non-Jewlsh
communities jjt Palestine of the rtgrrts"
and political status enjoyed by JawsT"
In aijy other country.",, '
Another resolution waa adopted that
the congress shall elect delegation
of not more than seven "members who
shall leave for Europe, where "ln co-,
operation with the repreoentativea of .
hall us. , '
realize the ob-,
jecis ior wmcn mi congress was N
tabllshed, in accordance with Instruc
tions formulated by this congrssa."
Report nt Congress. , ,
The delegation la Instructed to ren
der a report to the congress after it
labors in Europe are completed, and
the president of the congress la re
quired to summon that body to receive -a
report of the delegation not later "
than one year after the treaty ot y
peace shall haVe been signed.
It was further decided that in the .
I CONTINUED ON I'AUJS TWO
( CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO)
CITY TAKEN OVER
COBLENZ, Sunffay, Dec. 15 (By
The Associated Press) Approximate
ly forty thousand American troops
have arrived at Coblenz since the
advance guard reached here a wee't
ago. A Urge number of these troops
have passed through the city, while
considerable forces will remain here
The people of Coblenz got their
first glimps of American aeroplanes
today, several of the machines living
over the Rhine toward the undge
The officers and clerks of the Third
army arrived here today followed by
trucks loaded with equipment. The
largest hotel in Coblenz, overlooking
tho Rhine and the two bridges where
most of the troops cross the river,
has been taken over as quarters for
Third army officers-The headquarrars
or me inird army ate established in
a government building adjoining the
By noon the Third army vs in
communication with the back .nreaa
by telephone, telegraph and wireless.
R'S SUMMER PALACE
Palace Surrounded By
"Royal Gardens" and
WITH THK AMERICAN ARMY OF
OCCUPATION. Monday. Dee. 16 (By
THOSE IN PRISON CAMPS
Charles M. Lumpkin, of This
WASHINGTON. Dec. 17 A list of
American soldiers reported In prison
The Associated Press.) The royal I n -""h
castle In Coblen.. known as one of
the former emperor's summer palaces.
Is now under guard by American
troops. The palace stands on the
banks of the Rhine, a stone's throw
from the business center of Coblenz.
The palace is surrounded by roynl
War Cabinet Will Be Super
seded By Normal Cabinet
in Near Future.
NAVAL ACADEMY AND PAY '
A VISIT TO BALTIMORE
Question of National Guard
Will Be Taken Up
nlalit. Includes the following:
At Rastatt: Privates Paul Denton,
Hickory. N. C. ; Oscar Copper. Bush.
La.; Sergeant William L. Bperry,
At Camp Unknown: Corporal
Charles M. Lumpkin. 47 Sluing street.
on, I rnntalna manv articles i Asheville. N. '.: Itortie n. waiaer.
of historic Interest in addition to sil- i Weaverford. N. C; Privates William ; The newspaper nays thai in the or
Perry, tenm uurnam, y .; jubium n. uinary course oi evenis uie war cabl
Dugger, Culllkon, Tenn.: corporal net will be superseded by a normal
John Pearcy, Robertsonvtue, r. t
LONDON. Dec 17 ( British Wire
less Service.) The Dally Chronicle's
parliamentary correspondent says that
Licutvnant-Oenerai .Ian Christian
Smuts, who was reported Mondav as
having resigned from the war cabinet
on the ground that, the war having
terminated, his services no longer
were required, probably will remain
In office as long as the war cabinet
verware snd other belongings of II
liam I., who once occupied the build
ing. Since the arrival of the Americans
there have been several attempts to
remove some of the valuables in tne
Therefore it wns decided that the
guard should be placed around the
house as a precaution against the fur
niture and other things Inside beii
The palace was built by Prince Cle-
rne punning ws
mens wenr.ee au
During Sunday various detachments I started lrr the year 17T8 and was fin-
of Infantry and artillery passed pint Ye ,later.' ""T ''
through Coblenz oA their way to loin occupation,nr uooienz oy tne r reni.ii
the dlvisfons east of the - Rh'-ne. t tn pa!aeewas used as a hospital And
Churchgoers viewed the marching ater the tiennan ueea . .J"
troons with much interest !... (n racks. During the present war the
the afternoon the Third division.
which had been along the Rhine south
of Coblenz, marched through the city
headed oy a band, each musicWn
mounted on a grey horse.
The Third division crossed the
Moselle north of Coblenz where it has
taken up a position in support of
the troops within the bridgehead.
German officers, who had remained
In the city to turn over war material
palace was not disfurbed by the Ger
man army. The royal barracks with
in the palace gardens is occupied by
American troops, but thus far the
Americans have not entered the pal
to the Americans, soon completed
their tasks and proceeded across the
provide for an arbitration board to Rhine in automobiles flying white
decide upon the' amount to ba paid flags to loin the German armies be- announced today that the squadron
aha Marconi comoaoy. on4 the bxldechead lioa, , bid completed 2.100 en lies of Its trip.
COMPLKTED 9,100 MILKS.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 17 The
squadron of four army aeroplanes
which Is flying across the continent
from Ban Diego, Cal.. will come to
Washington instead of branching off
from Bay Minette', Ala., to the At
lantic ocean. Tne war department
N K W YOKK, Dec. 17.,- Alleged
anarchists, pacifists. Industrial Work
ers' of the Wrld and other radicals
who attended u conference here lo
night called by the workers' defense
union, engatied In a general light in
which a score of persons were bruis
ed and which cleared the hall of near
ly all the 400 persons ussembled
The announced purpose of the
meeting was To TnauKunite a nation
wide campaign for the liberal ion of all
labor and political prisoners Imprison
ed dur nst the war.
A speaker who wss Introduced a
"Comrade Abrams" precipitated the
disorder by introducing a resolution
calling for the specific inclusion of
anarohists among those whose free
dom was to be sought.
ANNAPOLIS. Md Dec. IT. State
governors In conference here today
inspected the naval-academy, went to
Baltimore tonight as guests of the
Baltimore Press club, and between
times discussed future state labor,
educational and public land policies.
At the final session tomorrow, the
conference expects to take up the
question whut is to become of the
national guard after demobilization.
The naval academy was In full
working order as the governors were
escorted through it by Rear Ad-
WA.VT8 PI-ACE TERMS.
NEW YORK, Dec. 17 The SvrlaJi
national conference of North Ameri
ca, declared in a statement tonight
that Syria is another of the nations
which desires applied to It President
Wilson's principle of aelf-determina-tioa.
cabinet, of which General Smuts wllllm,ai Edward W. Kberle, the super
not be a member. Intendent.
(Jeneral Smula tvll! have important I The governors inspected modern
duties to fulfill In connection with ! explosives, mines, torpedoes, depth
the Paris peace negotiations, the Dally charges, a half-ton of fresh bread
Chronicle continues: -and Wther h;limi great cauldrons of soup, all of
or General Hot ha. the South African ,iem essential parts of the largest
premier, will be a member of thelnnv.t ti-olnlncr nrdemv In the world.
peace conference. The governors also paused through
"It Is understood that Mr Lloyd- ,he """f" of ,hu old town to m8Prt
George is averse to a large cabinet historic: residences,
amil when his government is reconstl-! Governor Boyle, of Nevada art
luted after the elections it probablv dressing the conference on labor
will be found thai the personnel of lpolic'e8' 8ald Pblict opt7llon "
the neVcablnet w-llf not exceed twelve longer approved the brutal methods
Considerable changes may be looked ll of the paBt emI,l(,'ed ln, th,f "
for in the ministry. I "n nt of labor conti oversles.
A solution of the labor problem
Lord Millie- will leave Ihe warllust come. Governor Boyle sald.-bv'
office and Sir Brie Geddes the adml-' ,nutua 1 consideration by employer
rally and it is an open secret that, and employes and It is the function
Austen Chamberlain will succeed An- Qf the government, federal and state. .
drew Honar Law as chancellor of the to bring these two forces together.'
exchequer. Advantage may be taken Governor Boyle said the American
of the nationalisation of railways to Federation of Labor has been tha
appoint a minister of tranaport, a post ' most powerful single influence in'V
for which Sir Eric Geddes has ob- pointing the way to a practical solu
vlous qualifications. j tjon of ub(r questions and ln guldinn
"The prime minister has deferred men away from socialistic theorisa .
his vieit to Paris in order that he 1 and radicalism. The I. ' W. W.. ha .
may be present In London, Thursday said, includes many honest rnen, wall
to participate ln the welcome to the i Ing for the right kind of leadership. ,
victqrlous British generals. He Willi. Governor Lister, of Washington, .
go to France Friday to meet Presl- urged state government to study Ue .
dent Wilson.'1 causes of social u&raeC 'h.