THE ASHEVILLE CITIZEN THE WEATHER: C ITIZEN WANT ADS - BRING RESULTS Rale ! portion Friday Haterdaj I rain, war war cratrel and eaat portion I VOL. XXXV, NO. 55. AS11EV1ILE,N.C, FRIDAY MORNING, PECEMHER 1!0, 1918. PRICE FIVE CENTS PERCE CONFERENCE PLANS NOT SHAPING THEMSELVES AS RAPIDLY AS EXPECTED The Burning Question nil TO OWNERSHIP OF GIN OPPOSED P i SINK UN WARSHIPS CAUSES RAILROADS WIDE DISCUSSION .A, 5 1 THE BY GOVERNMENT tflaya It Would Mean Build " J tog Up of Powerful Poli - ! ileal Machine A BRYAN ASKED HIM TO CHAMPION MEASURE President Wilson Taking Advantage Delay to Assess Public Opinion France Satisfied That People Are Accord With His Ideas on Peace. ot in in i Eitchin Fears Increased Freight and Passenger Rates Under Bill 1 's-1 (By 8. R. Winters.) WABHINGTON, P. (. Dec. u. -An organisation of railway employes into the moat powerful ma chine the country has ever hart, a pork-barrel btll incomparable to the rlvar arid harbors and pulic build In "pork harrel" bills, and unrea sonable freight and passenger rales are the results of governmen cwner shlp of railroads aa foreshadowed by r1aude Kltchln, chairman of the com mittee on waye and means. Bryan Asked Aid. William Jennings Bryan, the orU-ln- SHOULD AVOID DELAY. LONDON, Dec. 19. Commenting upon the report ed feeling in Paris that the preliminaries to the peace conference are being unnecessarily delayed and that there is a disposition to blame the British authorities for this, The Times today says there is real need that the inter-allied discussions begin without a day's needless delay. This is especially true, the newspaper thinks, as regards the preliminary conversations among the re spective leaders, it mentioning in particular Presi dent Wilson, who comes fresh to the discussions. Now that the British election is over, The Times adds, there can be no excuse for postponing the meeting. 0 t PARIS, Dec. 19. Definite plans .for the peace confer ence are not shaping as rapidlv as some of the American nt expected. Meanwhile, President Wilson the powerful influence of the Noi-ih js takiner advantage of the opportunity to assess public Carolina .congressman In favor of -n i i i 11 i a t -a tt a-evemment ownership. opinion in France and incidentally in (ireat Britain. His Conaequently. his'pronounced views ,,,1'., ..o. c ,,- V,o 1-.,, ia Anivnltr ooticfinsl fliol iliacu nnnnlao on the subject were conveyed to the nu VJ "l loum,lV ouh.-aaim ..... mv. riUJn great commoner at hla home In Ashe ville. Mr. Bryan favor a dual plan of ownership, state and federal gov ernments Jointly exercising; authority over the railways "Aa to government ownership of railroads" writes the majority leader of the house of representatives to Mr. Bryan" I am not convinced that it Is a wise thing- and the results of the government operation and control so far have not tended to increase my faith In its wisdom. "It seenn to me that government ownership Would mean, first, unrea sonable increase In freight and pas senger rates, second, organisation of railway employes Into the mot powerful political machine the country has ever, had; third, a continuous de mand upon the part of the organisa tion for higher wages and shorter hours, and tbnttnumjs bidding by each party for the Influence of the organisation and the vote of Its em ployes by promises of shorter hour and higher wages, which of course would mMn higher passenger and freight rates or a large annual deficit to be paid by the tax payers generally; fourth, the institution of a railroad "pork barrel" bill In congress at each session. Each member would have several projects for building railroads in his county and state and many would have big projects for building interstate railroads. .Members would also demand pub lic buildings as railroad depots at numerous stations in his county and utate. The so-called rivers and har bors and public building "pork bar er hill would not be a circumstance o these. EL, RULER OF ITALY, GIVEN are largely in accord with the principles he' has announced as necessary to a durable poace. Holding Conferences. The members of the American mission are employing their time, before the peace delegates from the various countries actually assembled in a series of informal con ferences, which eventually will include a representative of each of the entente belligerents. Neutral states will not come into these discussions. The feeling among all the entente conferees is that the making of peace outlines of a league of nations which, later, representatives of neutral countries will assist in completing. Studying Problems. While the American commissioners are holding these informal exchanges, which are designed to clear up diver gencies of opinion, the president is constantly giving the closest attention to immediate problems. He is receiving reports from the United States, from American diplomatic (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) s -v - 6 Ni!li ft,, Congress Takes Step to Secure Official Statement On Matter. ; OPPOSITION TO THE ! SCHEME PROMISED Difference in Construction Makes Them of Little ' 4 Use to Allies I METHODS OF FINANCING THE GERMAN PROPAGANDA MACHINE IN UNITED STATES DISCLOSED AT SENATE PROBE Machine, Op voting Out of BerRn, Planned to Spread Merman Ideas Throughout World; Becker Declares Reads Documents Gathered By British Secret Service Men and OthersBought News Agencies and Pspers DR. MOTT DEFENDS "Y" AGAINST CRITICISMS DIRECTED BY SOLDIERS With Heir to Throne, Ar rives At French Capital for Visit WILL MEET WILSON PARIS. Dec. 19.-King Victor 'Rmmanual, accompanied by the heir of i'th Italian throne, the Prince of Pled jlmont, arrived in Paris today. A warm .s welcome was given me Italian mon :tsrch by President Poincare, Premjer Clemenceftu and the other mi maters land tne tnrongs in tne streets ac claimed him vociferously as the pro cession left the station and wjnt to the Italian embassy. This evening the king paid a visit to President Wilson at the Mural mansion. It had been expected that Victor Emmanuel and President Wil son would meet for the first time at the luncheon to be given in hitnor of the king by Stephen Pichon, the French foreign minister, tomorrow. The visit of the king took place at d o'clock. The conversation between the monarch and the president, which Is said to have been most cordial, lasted half an hour. Premier Orlando and Foreign Minister Bonnino will meet President Wilson at 11 o'clock tomorrow morning. Speaking to a group which sur rounded him this afternoon. King Vic tor Emmanuel said that besides com ing to Paris to visit the French peo ple and government he was very glad to be able personally and officially to invite President Wileon to be his guest at the Quirlnal, and that he had been requested by Queen Helena to extend the same- Invitation to Mrs. Wilson. Menrbers of the American expedi tionary forces lso participated in the welcome to King Emmanuel. In heavy motor trucks they lined the trans verse streets overlooking the route of the procesaion. Admits That in Isolated Cases There Was Cause for Complaint EBERT GOVERNMENT HAS "MISTAKES MADE" DR.; EGGliEJsTON EXECTKD. i RICHMOND. V Dec. 18 At a ' meeting of the trustees of Hampden Wlney college 'at . the Jefferson hotel this afternoon. Dr. J. 8. Eggleston. former superintendent of Instruction of Virginia, wu elected president of Hampden-SHdney. For the past five years Dr. Eggleston has been presi dent of V. P.,t NEW YORK, Dec. 19. Dr. John R. Mott, chairman of the war work coun cil of the T. M. C.'A.. discussed In de tail here tonight adverse criticisms di rected against the organization by sol diers here and In France. He vigor ously defended the work of the or ganization as a whole but did not deny that In Isolated cases there was Just ground for complaint. Dr. Mott said that 200 men and women workers had been recalled from France because of unfitness and announced that there would be a gen eral "tig-htening up" to correct condi tions which have resulted In criticisms. He stated that George W. Perkins. Mortimer H. Schiff and F. 8. Brock man have gone abroad for the express purpose of eliminating, no far as pos sible, any further cause for compteint. "It is the history of every great ef fort that mietakes are made and no one, no matter how exalted Ifls person or how unimpeachable his Integrity, can escape. Other important organ! zations have passed through a similar experience. So with the Y. M. C. A. There is no phase of its work that has been, left untouched by critics. Much of the adverse comment is due to -misconception or to partial knowl edge." Dr. Mott then took up In Question and answer from the criticisms most frequently heard. He explained that the T. M. C. A. had not concerned it self specifically with the wounded and 111 because' it had been agreed that this work would be done by the Red Cross. He denied the-1 most frequently heard complaint which has been that the association has been profiteering by the operation of its canteens over seas. He explained that It had been agreed with General Pershing that If any profit were derived from the can teens it should be used exclusively for the benefit of the men of the army. Canteens have toeen conducted. Dr. Mott said, on a cost basis, but in fix ing prices it has been necessary tp reckon auch overhead charges as transportation and marine insurance with the result that prices, were much higher than in this country. 'Not only has the organisation made no profit, he declared, but It has lost thousands of dollars. Arrangements now have been made, however, which will en able It to obtain supplies from sources that will reduce overhead charges and fceeo price down. TO STUTTCART DISPATCH Disorderly Scenes and Per sonal Encounters in Con gress Cause ARRESTS ARE MADE PARTS, Dec. 19. The German gov ernment headed by Frlederich Ebert. haa resigned as a result of events on Tuesday, according to a dispatch from Zurich from Stuttgart,, says The Journal's correspondent there. Frlederich Ebert, who was named as minister of the interior in the cabinet of Prince Maximilian of Baden on November 3 and became Imperial chancellor on November S, took com mand of the situation In Berlin fol lowing the revolutionary uplifting there. On November 15 it was an nounced he had become premier and had chosen his cabinet, naming Hugo Haase. Phlllipp Sheidnnnn. Wilhelm Dittman, Hen- Landtiborg and lilch ard Barth as the seo-'t.-iri.'M In rharge of the departments cremtl hv th;. revolutionary government. The centtal congfess of the dele gates from the Soldiers' nnd Work men's councils met at Berlin on Mon day. The first session resulted In disorderly scenes in which there were many personal encounter). On Tues day turbulent scenes continued, George LeBour, a leader of the inde pendent socialists, making a bitter attack on Premier Ebert. WASHINGTON. Dee. 1 Propa ganda machinery set up by the Ger man government in Berlin and throughout the world to spread Ger manic ideas, and the methods of financing this in the United Slates, were disclosed today to the senate Investigating committee by Alfred L. Becker, deputy attorney general of New York. The witness told of his in vestigation for the Frenrh govern ment of the success of Bolo Pasha, executed as a French traitor, but added that since apparently the Paris Journal did. not change Its attitude of loyalty toward France, the trans action was a "pure swindle" of the German- government. Reads Doomnenla. them being citizens of the country In which they worked were employed, Mr. Becker said. Usually the propa ganda was Insidious. As early as 1909, said Mr. Becker, George Von Skal, i former German reserve officer and later auditor of accounts of New York city, was told on a visit to Berlin by a representa tive of the foreign office's press bureau that he would be valuable In case of a future war to keep In touch with the press in the United States. There was no evidence, however, that he acted in this capacity ' after the United States entered the war. 'he witness ' said. The German govern ment In May, 1914. -tried in vain to buy the Ottoman Telegraphic News agency, with headquarters in Iragdad Mr. Becker read documents ! to "!"'ea.d German propaganda The gathered partly by the British secret service showing that the German foreign , office and other government departments at Berlin maintained elaborate systems both before and after the European war began to in fluence thought all over the world. Branches of the German bunks and commercial houses co-operated In a vast cohesive organisation to pro mote friendly relations toward Ger many. Journalists, college professors, bankers, business men and com mercial consular attaches many of publication of a German edition of Current Literature, a magazine, ot which George Sylvester Vlereck in the United States and his father, Louis V'lei-ick, in Berlin were pro moters, was mentioned by thtf witness, together with the Germanic nniHiHiin at Harvard and the movements to exchange professors with American universities, hb German propaganda moves. One example of enemy propaga .idu, bhiiI Mr. Becker, consisted of the systemutic effort late in 1917 lo ' WASHINGTON. Dec. 11 Press dial patches from Paris saying that the A merles n peace delegates, with, RrK lh support, will urge the sinking ot the surrendered German wmrshpe aa the solution of the problem of their disposition, led to Initiation of step today In the senate to obtain aa of flclal statement of the facts and to wide 'dlsrueslon In naval olrele. v At the state and navy department no in formatlon was available, Secretary Daniel repeating hie previous state ment that he had never heard thai suggestion officially, while at the UU department It was sajd that far at known there no auch project was In. eluded in the American peso pro4 Cajne front London. . 'r ' , The first publtahed suggestion tnat the ship be sunk cam from London several days ago but even before that ' it waa learned, this had occurred -to some navaj authorities here as m possible way of settling a vexing prob-'n- - ,'.. . . - - Admiral . Benson, naval advisar te tne American peace delegation, hag been in Europe some time. . His views worked nut with" Vioe-Admlral SUna and officials of the British admiralty and the French ministry of marine, will have great weight with the American delegates on naval questions -arising at the conference, but there Is nothing here to Indicate what con. elusion, he may have reached on the ! dWposlflon of the surrendered, craft.) , , . UppoalUon Indicated. - ' There were many Indication todav that a porposal to sink the eh In 4 would meet atrsnr nnnoalrlnn In enl (rress. The rarle dispatch- nromprwl Senatop- lxCg-4 . liitroduceaduy resolution calling on the etate depart i ment for' Information aa to whether the American delegates are advocate lng destruction of the enemy ehlpe and if so by what authority. - The re solution waa left on the table with out discussion. i ( Whale the Impression has ' been spread throughout the world the i "lven that the navy department would idea that Germany was on the verge probably not look with favor upon of Internal revolt and that the "ending the German ehlps te the bet kaiser would soon be overthrown, i to, ome officers pointed-today -to The fact that the dissemination of iuactlcal obstacles to absorption of these reports was encouraged by the!!" But-rendered vessels by the allied chief German government censor American envies. Tfisy said was convincing evidence that the ef- hat owing to the differences In de- forts were1 propaganda, intended to paralyze the prosecution of the war, in Mr. Becker's opinion. He taid theRe reports had been sent out by Germany by George T. Odell, cor respondent of the New York Evening mall, after the United States entered the war. i Senator Keed Interrupted to ask whether similar articles had been published by other newspapers then, and even down to the present, and that developments had borne them out. Mr. Becker said this was true, but insisted that the reports were In spired by the German foreign office iib ill 1917. Mr. Hocker said the Trans-Ocean News agency maintained a wireless service, intended to Influence mainly South American peoples, while . the German South American institute and I the German News service for portugal and Spain, subsidized by the German government, had similar functions. air. Becker told the committee that sign and equipment ' between the cspltal craft of the German fleet and (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) . ., CLASS CONFIDENT THAT . AMERICAN PEOPLE WILL : (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) FEDERAL AGENTS ARREST ALLEGED JSHEVILLE MAN Gives Name of W. P. Brown Is Not Known in This City. DIRECTORS ARRKSTF.P. AMSTERDAM Dec. 19. (Havas Three of the principal dlreccor of the Krupp munition works at Essen, including Dr. Bransetrberger, inventor of the big Berthas, have been arrest ed by the revolutionary party In that city. KNOXVILLE, Tenn., Dec. f9 Kentucky and Tennessee agent of the department of Justice, co operating to prevent violation of the Reed bone dry art. today made a haul on Louisville and Nashville train No. 33. between Lexington and Knoxville. Five men ' were en route here and tonight custody at the federal building await ing a hearing tomorrow. The prisoners are J. R Beavers, of Cop perhlll, Tenn; Cecjl Eugene Webb, Atlanta; M. Judge. Macon. Oa.; W. P. Brown, of Ashcville. and "Rock" Williams, of Knoxville. Between 160 and ZOO quarts were seized, also a number of traveling bags containing ardent spirits, but for which no owners could be found. SURCEONS WILL MEET AT NEW ORLEANS NEXT YEAR Dr. Hubert A. Royster, of Raleigh, Is Again Secreta ry of Association. BALTIMORE. Dec. 19. --New Or leans was selected as the place for its next meeting by the Southern Sur gical association, which concluded lt thirty-first session this afternoon. Officers were elected as follows: President. Dr. J. E. Thompson, Gal- arrested I veston, Texas; vice-presidents. Dr. C. are In lv riuuiiiji, niciuumiu, H.t mm ui. li. A. Honaon, Louisville, kj-,; secre tary, Dr. Hubert A. Royster, Raleigh. N. C; and treasurer. Dr. Ouy L. Hun ner. of Baltimore. Doctors Royster and Hunrier were re-elected. WA.UFS GI IOST. TO RAISE BANKS' SURPLUS Gov. Harding Says Profits Would Soon Make Up Surplus. Says They Know Additional Funds Are Needed by Government ' I WILL RESPOND FLU CLAIMS 6ft00ftM? LONDON, Dec. 19. (Via Montreal) The Times med ical correspondent says that it seems reasonable to believe that throughout the world, about 6,000,000 persons per ished from influenza and pneumonia during the past three month. . . ; . . . The only W. P. Brown listed in AsheviUe Is Judge W. P. Brown, at torney, whose name the arrested man I is believed to have assumed. Judge ilBrownwas In Asheville yesterday and I last night. RECEPTION TO PRESIOKXT- PARIS, Dec. 19.-Havs.) The committee of France-America gave j a reception this evening In honor of I President Wilson. The president was received by Gabriel Hanotaux, of the French academy. During, the bourse of the reception President Wilson had conversation with Senator Leon Bour geois, Professor, Henri Bergson and Ban-on Matsui, Japanese ambassador tov France. " All the Latin-American dl&omata were present. RALEIGH. N. . Dec 19 Judge Owen P. Guion of New Bern tonight was appointed Judge of the fifth dis trict to succeed Harry W. Whedbee. resigned. Governor Bickett. returning from the conference of governor, net tled the Judicial race before It got (started. Kx-'ongrestm.-.n Charles H. Thomas, of Judge Guion a town, pro tested this appointment and asked 'a be heard. Governor Bickett had ben in town but a few minutes wben be named Guion who has previously den the circuit. 8. J. Everett of Greenville. Was the leading canJ:d:ite in point of endorsement- by the oar- ' HTORM WARNINGS. WASHINGTON, Dec. 19. Appear ing before the house hanking commit tee today In support of Chalrmsn Phelan's bill to .(iirtend the federal reserve act. Governor Harding, of the federal reserve board, urged Immedi ate legislation authorizing increase of federate banks, surplus to 100 per cent of the-lr paid in capital stock. AlthougT) profit is not and should not lie the primary object of the fed eral hanks operation. Governor Hard. lng s-uil the banks' activities have j lieen.H.i remunerative that .several' haj-iks, If the proposed legislation Is authorized, would have 100 per cent surplus rv 1 and that all would have thai surplus by next July 1. "The board views with some con cern the large amount of outstanding federal reserve notes," the witness said, "but the banks have been obliged to support the government in Its financing and we now hope we can reduce the outstanding notes." Federal reserve banks earnings. Governor Harding said, cannot be di-eVied as any considerable asset to ward paying off the national debt, now I about $110,(100,000,090. Such 'earnings. he declared, would be a mere vaga telle." WASHINGTON. Dec. - !. Storm warnings have been ordered displayed on the South Atlantic coast from Georgetown. 8. C. to Jacksonville and on the Gulf coast from Bay St. Louis to Cedar Keys, the weather bu reau -announced tonight, ; DISMISSED FROM ARMY. WASHINGTON. Dec. 19.-Co-nvlct-ed of having struck an enNsted man under his command. Lieutenant I'lus C Jr, Sixteenth Pioneer, infantry, h-s n diemlfsed from the army, the r department, announced to Mf. inner wea tried by courtmarttaj at UAM Wadswortn. 8. O. 1 WASHINGTON, pec. 11 Cowrt dence that the American people will In no wise relax their efforts toward meeting the government's Immediate financial requirements waa expressed by Secretary Olasa in a statement tonight, partially outlining the policy of the treasury under his art min-irn ra tion. Plans for meeting government expenditures as have been outlined by former Secretary McAdoo including tnft offering of another Liberty loan, the continuing of the sale of war sav ing certificates and the retaining, ot organizations for the sale of auch se curities, will be carried out, he said. "I am sure that the iiea'iiry de partment can with confidence offer another Liberty loan" said the state ment, which was addressed to tha American people, "and ronllnue the. sale of war savings certificates know ing that the organizations will re spond once mors to the call for ser vice." Government expenditures. Including transactions In the principal of the public debt, during the current fiscal year up to ajid. Including December 1C. when. Mr. Glass assumed office: have exceeded 9.600.000,000. the sec retary said In reviewing the financial status of the government. Expendi tures for November were nearly two billion dollars. The proceeds of the Fourth Libert loan so far received have all been, spent, Mr. Glass said, and the re maining installments will be needed to meet maturing treasury certificates . of indebtedness. More- then half of the estimated expenditures of the' government for the curr-Mt (iscal year, recently placed at eighteen. bUs lion dollars by Mr. McAdoo. havf been spent in the first Ave and one- ' half montha Bills for prducthn ot war materials, which had reached the. peak at the time the armistice Waa Mined, must be paii ni the great expense of demobilizing the army . met. ' ; . '. In view of these ' facts. Secretary Glass said another Liberty loan must be issued before tne end of the Hsqul year next June; and the sale of War' savings etampa and certificate must e Duahed most energetically. if

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