GAPE FEAR NEW CAP- FEAR NEWS greet you and asks your support. Advertise in CAPE FEAR IS'EAVS and help us grow. TH I- NO. 16. FA V ETTE VILLE. N. C THURSDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 2, 1915. PRICE, $1.00 PER YEAR The Serbians Wait Anxiously for Relief y Women, Children and Old Men Travelling Along Road Knee Deep in Mud A Deplorable Con- dition. London, Dec. 1 Charles K. Jen kins, an engineer who has. beep doing relief work in Serbia, gives the ( til-1 lowing account of the heart-brtakirg retreat -f the Serbian people from N'lsh; J "Now the llulgars have attacked j ail along the line after giving aysur ances that they had no intention of o doing. Pirct and the main Con stantinople line to Nuh are threat nned, "but the allies, England and Frt.nce, will help us,' the people say, and the streets are gay with flags and masts in thi-ir honor. "The tense anxious days pas; the icluge of cold, rain and alert Hops the flairs, and the question, 'Will they ever come?' passes from Hp to lip. -When the (treat bombardment of Belgrade began the people left, bop iriC for shelter in thj south. Semin 4ria, to the cat of Belgrade i evacuated. The main roads to the south from the town join at Vel plana ni there it was that I saw Serbia in her agony, the most hope less and desolate picture of misery could imagine' "There had been heavy rain for some time. The roads, always bad. are now deplorable, two feel deep in atkky mi.l, for .Serbia ban Wn almost continuously vat war for the lent thrif years, arid the able-bo died men have been under urm. "Ist that dismal nad,' with the rain falling pitilessly, crowds of people vert trudging slowly on, hoping to find some place to rest Women took .iff their boots and stockings and walked in mud up to their knee?, their picturesiuie costumes and gaily colored head cloths sodden with rain. It was odd to see that some still had stuck in their hair the pathetic remains of a flower. "Many carried on their backs a bundle, from which came a faint cry. They were carrying their babies sometimes" two-and leading other children by the hand. They were plendid, these peasant women of Serbia. "The misery of this pathetic crowd .f homeless folks was intensified by the fact that there were so few able bodied men to help them. Women, children, and old men were mixed up in Confusion with cattle and sheep and pigs, and to the eternal rain was v a. Med the cold bite of sleet. In . places the procession came to a hope- deadlock, crowding together in the mud. i saw no sign of panic- simply stolid, hopeless resignation. Pays and days they were on the .roads: I did not know 'where they were going, many did not know themselves: Nisrh they hoped .for, Uskub they hoped for; tly seemed more afraid el me riulari Jhan. the Austrian. They rovvvied into towns and villages in abject misery. "How they fed I cannot say. Peas ants as a rule Rive bread to each other, hut the peasants themselves were joinin in this dismal retreat, and in the few inns the 'food had been exhausted. Many children died, and their bodies were left by the roadside. Many women and old men must have died of starvation. The faces of thee poor peasants were hard and stony, lint through it all they seemed to cherish the hope that the allies would come and save their country. "Under these conditions 1 arrived on the evening of October 15, at Nish station, the waiting rooms and every available inch of space being crowded with rain-soaked and weary women and children and the old men of the people. "'Here a pathetic, bent old figure on sodden bundle of brilliant col ored rugs his sole belongings 'ad been sitting hour after hour nursing, his fretful grandchild. Everywhere . is drawn-out human suffering. On the opening of the sta tion barriers some hundreds of these poor folk rush for the train under the ; eold. pitiless rajn,' and the air is full of the cries -of ;the women and the - wailing 'of the poor tired little ones. Such is the harvest of war! "We are in the train at 7:30, but eit till the small hours of the morn ng before H start is made. 'There pre long waits at many sta- j taws; sentries and soldiers every-1, and in the darkness one sees j lights high up among the new! snuw-Upped hills where the Serlan j outposts' await the Bulgar advance. t he Serb could not attack, being held uk by the allies, 'who still appeared' o trust Bulgarian friendliness, and! many valuable days were lost i . hile the Uulgars pushed on their. final preparations." Mr. Taft's Charges Are Unfounded ,, And Reckless WaihingtoiJ, Dec. 1 Secretary Gar rison characterize! the attack of ex-4 President Taft upon the administra tion of Governor General Harrison of the Philippine service as unfounded, imprudent and reckless and calculated to greatly damage our relations with the Philippines. He termed it a pro duct of Mr. Taft's model of temper ate and meuKured criticism. Relations With Great Britain Critical Washington, Dec. 1. The action of Great Britain in eommandering the , Tennessee and the Hocking hasj caused the most acute situation be- twetn the United States and Great j Uritain that has developed since thj war started. The British action is. termed arbitrary and without prece- dent. , The entire situation will be called j up in Congress and our foreign rela- j tions committee and remedies will be discussed for the protection of the I'nited States. Italy Signs Agreement, Will Aid Serbia Komr. Dec. 1. The Italian govern ment has signed the agreement with England, France and Kussia that she will not make a separate peace with the tuetonic forces. Paris reports violent cannonading on the Belgium coast and that the trenches have been penetrated at dif ferent points and the Germans driven back. BAD SPF.lXrK CAME , TO GREAT CHIEF Portland. Oregon, Dec. 1. Never having used the final "e" in tier own spelling of the word "corpse,' Mrs. Marceline Germain, of Donaldson, Michigan, was prostrated with grief upon receipt of an official communi cation announcing the fact that her brotherJoseph Jollicoucr, had joined the United States Corps and had named her as next of kin to be, notified in case' of death. "If my brother is a corps, of what did he die?" she wrote to Captain H. T. Swain in charge of the local re miting statiin of the United States Marine Corps, who had enlisted the man and was responsible for the noti fication. The recruiting officer, by return mail, bade the sorrowing sister cease mourning, and assured her that the "corps" to which her brother had lately attached himself was the "liv est" kind of an organization. Itobbery at Cotton. The store of Mr. E. W. Snead at Cotton was robbed Tuesday night. The robbers entered the store from a back window. Groceries and clothing were taken to the amount of about 100. An attempt was made to get blood hounds yesterday to track them up, but we have not heard whether the attempt waa successful or not. . ."- Cotton Receipts..- There were 1,18 bales of cotton re ceived on the Fayetteville market November 30, 1915. Six of the Injured at DuPont Plant May Recover Wilmington, Del., .-Many hours were consumed today in an ct tempt to find the cause of the explos ion at the Dupont Powder Works yesterday when 31 persons were blown to pieces and the warehouse destroyed. The cause may never be known, as jvery person in or near the building v.-hs killed or injured. Employes of other mills refused to go to work today and announced that they would seek employment at less hazardous work. Fourteen Killed at Roomer Mines Yesterday Removed Charleston,. Vi'. V'a., Dec. 1. Four teen dead were removed from the Boomer tkial and Coke Company's minci at Boomer, W. V'a., this morn ing. Five others, thought killed, were rescued in an. unconscious state, but hone is entertained of their recovery. Officials state that there were two or three others and possibly as many as six still in the mines. Harvard Professor Predicts Peace in The Spring Hoston, Mass, Dec. 1. A professor of Harvard gave out an announce ment saying that peace would be es taMi .hed in the sprirg. He said that he was not at liberty to divulge the source-of his information, but be had g.vod reasons for the statement, that he a not a prophet, but a psychologist. Germany Planned jWar Six Months Before it Began New York, Dec. 1. The defense in the Hamburg-American steamship case rested thia afternoon and will sum up tomorrow morning. The gov ernment' will close and the jury will take the case by 4 p. m. tomorrow. Dr. Karl Buenz, managing director of the Hamburg American Line, went on the witness stand and blandly ad Division in Ranks of Anchient Order of Hybernians Ottoway, Cann., Dec. 1. Canadian lodges of Hybernians are considering cutting loose from the parent lodge in American on account of anti-British and pro-German leanings. The execu tive committee has the matter under discussion. Prizrend, Late Serbian Capital, Has Been Captured Berlin, Dccenrber 1. Prizrend, whence the Serbian govern ment fled before taking refuge at Scutari, was raptured by Bulgarian troops on Sunday, the German war office announce. Three thousand Ser bian soldiers and eight cannons fell into the hands of the Bulgarians. In the Rudnik region and west of the Sitniea Itiver 1.000 other Serbians have been captured. The general staff's report on oper- British Ist 43,000 Men in November London, Dec. 1. Though British casualty lists for November showed a decrease in losses over those of October, they swell the total of killed, wounded and missing during the war to about .600,000 men. In November 2,232 officers and 45.134 men were lost.. THE WEATHER Washington. Dec. 1. The forecast for North Carolina for the next 48 hours is as follows: Cloudy Thursday nd Friday without much change in temperature; light variable winds. Villa Has 10,000 Camping South of Douglas Douglas, Ariz, Dec. J. General Villa with over 10,000 troops is-en-camped fifty miles south of here. I!e is expected to come into the United States to aecure foods and money fjr his army. Ask Carranza to Protect Ameri- cans in Mexico Washington, Dee. 1 The State Dr i artrr.ent has requested Genera) Car ranz to send troops to the west coast of Mexico to protect Americans agaii ft the a.".ti-American prising. General . Ol rcgon ttleirraphed. Car ranza agents here that Villa h;:d been defeated "In every action and that his army had been scattered and only bands of marauders were left. Tuetons to -Make Albania a Kingdom Zurich,' Dee. 1. In what it u!ls an authoritative statement, The Ga zette de lares the centra! powers have decided to create an independent king dom of Albania, bordering on Austria, Bulgaria and Greece,' with Prince William of Wied as its soverejgn. Von IJernstorff Confers With Lansing Washington, Dec. 1. Count V'.n Bernstorff, the German ambasxad r, spent an llour with Secretary Lan sing over the Lusittinia incident. The discussion .was over the language to be used in jtpoiogizing to the Ameri can government and as to indemnity. mitted all the acts charged by the government and said that Germany knew of the war and prepared to coal German ships six months before the war. He said that he did not think that he was committing an offense against the American government and did not intend to do so. Man Captured Near Mill With Sixty-five . Feet of Fuse Penns Grove, N. J., Dec. 1. Much excitement was caused today when the police captured a man near a li,rge powder mills with 65 feet of ',se wound around his body at Con ley'B Point. The police refused to discuss the case or to give the man's name, but held him for investigation. r ' : . ( ' '.. lows: ations in the Balkans vvar theater fol "ln the region of Hudmk enemy forces were driv en back by the troops of General von Koel ers. One thou sand prisoners were taken here and west of the Sitniea by the forces of General von Gatlwitz. "On November 'J8 the Bulgarians took Prir.rend, capturing 3,000 prisoners- and eight cannons." Rulgar Warning Is Sent to Roumania Rome, Dec. 1. Bulgaria is report ed to have sent an ultimatum to Rou mania giving warning that it will at tack Russian troops if they aw per mitted to, pass through Roumanian territory and that it will not be re sponsible for property losses suflfered by the inhabitants of Roumania owing to the military operations. London, Dec. 1. Roumania has notified Russia that ships will not be allowed to enter the Danube, which hag been mined, says a news agency dispatch from Copenhagen. Previous reports from various con "nentat points had indicated that Roumania. would not interfere with Russian movements in any wuy. Prepare to Resist Foreign Invasion Women in Several States Observing 44 American Defense Day " by Seek ing Signatures to Present to Con gress. Ford Places Fortunes In Care of Son Before Sailing Detroit, Mi..h., 1W, 1. Herry For i la.-ed the case of his vast estate in the hands of bi:i son, Exel 1 oi d. 1-e-eire leaving for New York th: morn wig from which he sails: Saturday on the Oscar 11. Mr. Ford -ithl: "1 be lieve we will i-e sui-ces.sfu! in our voyage." Miss Jane AtKirm, who was to sail nounced t.xkiy by telegram that she was unable to go as she had original ly inftnded. Quiet Along the Eastern Front, Says Berlin Berlin, Dec. 1. - Quiet prevails along the Russian front. It is apparent that the Italians intend to gain victory 'in he ln;o.o re;-;-ms regardless of copf. . round Goriz.i 'they- have suffered .Treat io.s. brf the battle continues :.i the fiercest mamer dayand nij'ht. SO,Q00 Serbs in Hills Organize to Fight On . Saloniki (via Paris), Dec. t. Eighty thousand Serbian troops es caped into the mountains of Albania and Montenegro, according to official ;eports which1 reached the allies' headquarters yesterday, and are now being organized into an effective army which will take the offensive as soon as supplies which are now on the way arrive. In escaping the Teuton-IJulgar trap the Serbians had to abandon most of their cannon nad ammunition, but saved their light artillery. It was announced yesterday that all the members of the Serbian govern ment had arrived safely at Scutari, where they Will be joined by the en tente ministers now at Podgoritza. New York Now Has " 5,257385 People New York, Dec. 1. New York'city now has ,r),U57,88S inhabitants. These figures were made public yesterday as the result uf the census recently undertaken by the police department . the request of the health commis sion. The total is 'J44.T73 larger than the census taken by the State last summer. ELKS MEMORIAL DAY. First Sunday in December Services W ill lie Held in Opera House.. The first Sunday in December being the annual memorial Day of the Elks, Fayetteville Ledge No. .1.081 Will hold their nu modal services at the Fay tteviile Opera House in the afternoon it 3 o'clock. . . These services are afar ays largely attended and the committee of ar-t-angtment -tell us that the exorcises s year will be more attractive than ever liefore Hon.0. B. Eaton, ' mayor' of Wih-t.m-SaVm. will deliver the memorial address. Mi.yor Eaton is one of the most attractive speakers irt the State nd will certainl please and interest his audience. .' !! of the other fraternal orders of his section have been invited to a' tend and have accepted. The musical part of the service will be unusun!';v attractive. Mrs. E- H Williamson .s i . .: chorus of lbout twenty of the leading voices of he city for the occasion. Mrs. S. A. Lambeth is in "charge of the instru mental music, which is a sure guar antee of its being well worth hearing. Attentive ushers will be on hand to provide seats for all visiting guests. The . general public is always cor lially invite! to attend these services. A full program will be published later. New York, Nw. 1. In at least centy States women are today ob--rviiig the first "American Defense .iy," by seeking sifcnatures to ap .ejd to Congress urtnjf that the nation prepare to -resist forek-n invasion. The mov-er-.ent for dM day started cih the Socii.l Reli.-f Society, evm ved of prorr, iieit New York women, who organized first with the purpose ' f succoring the d-- titute in , war--tricken Europe and who were thus , rourxht to a .realization of what Amreica'" de.fenwls Condition means. . Ffve thousand women, organized n 'MM! squads, are campaigning for signatures, to preparedness appeal blanks in New York city today. Every oter re-u hed will be asked to iga a Hank and these petitions will then be 'ent-to Washington. Here every Su itor or Representative will have hi -rK-cia! attert.ori ralScd to the peti rions of his district. The campaign is carefully organ zed. Many business --men have lent tboir offices in furthering ths work. The members of the Special .Relief Society hope thp dny will become an mnual observance. The idea of American Defense I toy originated vith Mrs. Charles Van Ilenssellaer, -.vho is chairman of the committee in barge of today's campaign. It was luickly approved by patriotic S'K'ieties throughout the country. Mrs. William Alexander, wife of the secretary of the Equitable Life Assu rance Society, outlined the objects of the Special Relief Society as follows: 1. The development of a spirit of patriotism in the United States. 2. To convince mothers of the neces sity of preparedness, and interest them in the physical training of their boys. 3. To advocate suitable military exercises and drills for boys, and give such aid in that direction as may b feasible; o encourage the Boy Scouts and Camp Fire Girls. 4. To advocate such training for girls as will prepare them for the iuties of the future. To supply "Plattsburg Camp Kits" for men who wish a military training but cannot afford to pay for soch equipment. To aid in the establishment of training camps throughout the coun try. Bulgarians. Capture 16.000 Sergians London, Dec. 1. Berlin announces that 16,000 or 17.000. " Serbians hove surrendered to the Bulgarians with r . ; OA owi 1 1 rf' ,V",,,lv"i -wtooy i 'rv ana largos quantities of ammunition.'' King Peter , and the 'Russian am bassador left on " horseback for un known destination. ' This ends the Serbian cafrttHign'.' thinks" Germany. The French report ryuiet -along the front owing to the cold weather. Roumania will deliver an ultimaJtam to, Austria and agres to join the at-, lies as soon as the entente 'powers send 60,000 soldiers to her frontiers. Turkish positions were damaged by '.he French at the Dardanelles, a list ing post and Turkish trenches were' destroyed. , In Belgium the French and British rire has leen severe nnd one section of the German trenches has been, de stroyed. President Will Read Messaee Tuesday Washington. Dec. 1. President Wilson will read his message to Con gress. Tuesday and is assured a full House. Already White House officers have urranged over 100 seats, for guests. The executive gallery and the adjoining rooms, will be usod Mrs. Gait, the President's Sarce, will oc one of the seats. Thermometer Record Tho thermometer registered 28 at 12 o'clock last night.

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