North Carolina Newspapers

Published Every Thursday in the
interest of Forest City and Ruther
fo»d County.
Entered Aug. 22, 1918, at the post
offi£»at Forest City, N. C., as second
class matter under act of Congress
of Marph 3, 1879.
C. E. ALCOCK - Editor and Owner
tfRS, C. E. ALCOCK. Society Editor
ARVAL ALCOCK ... Asst. Manager
One year SI.OO
Six Months— T -60
$2.50 per year outside of Rutherford
County. r
Despite the rain and cold, a num
ber of visitors were in the city last
Monday—Trade Day. Should the day
have been as fair, as Tuesday, a
record breaking crowd would have
been in town, according to the
judgment of some of the best in
formed business men. A check up on
those business men offering specials
for the day that all were well
pleased with the responses to their
co-operative advertisement. - Forest
City business men are in earnest in
their proposal to make Trade Day
an important event in this city, and
are going to make a strong bid for
larger and larger crowds.
* * ♦
It is most gratifying to glance
over the statements of the Ruther
ford county banks, published this
week. If you. have not done so, turn
to this particular news right now,
lead every statement and you will
not Only be gratified, but strength
ened in your faith and support of
the institutions which are doing so
much for the welfare and progress
of our people.
* ♦ ♦
Remember, please, to keep the
debt-paying checks in our city on the
go. According to Babson, the sooner
debts are cleared up the sooner will
prosperity return;':, Witji- thousands
of men returning to work all over the
country, with renewed confidence
being shkwn everywhere,
to look now that 1931 will be a good
year after all. As W£ see ?; itj,. the
greatest stimulators will be the "pay
ing of debts and work—good old
-'honest" hard work. ' '
• ft
The Welfare Drive is on today in
Forest City and something must be
done for the needy and unfortunate.
A lot of good people are feeling the
effect of unemployment, some are
sick and disabled and others have
suffered other reverses. In making
your donation, please remembei'
that those who have been blessed
with health and plenty owe a duty
to the unfortunate—and to the
Giver of all their blessings. If God
has blessed you, don't withhold from
the unfortunate in this drive being!
made today.
% * If.
Lots of folks have been paying
their subscriptions lately. Kind read-J
er, please take a peep at the label.
on your paper and see_ r . how you |
stand. The Courier works for the j
welfare of your city and coun- j
ty, so why not suggest to some friend j
of yours, who happens not to take j
the paper, to subscribe.
The week beginning January 17
is National Thrift Week. It is a
good idea to turn people's minds
to the subject of thrift at least once
a year. This year it is particular
ly .timely.
We have been going through a
year of hard times, and those hard
times were brought about in large
part by unthriftiness. There is
thrift that is injurious, to be sure.
The sort of thrift that hoards mon
ey in stockings and keeps it out of
circulation benefits nobody and is
a definite deceriment to prosperity.
But that is not the cause of the
financial depression which now
stems to be passing. Much of our
trouble has come from thriftless
One can spend money and still be
thrifty. The careful buyer, who
insists upon getting his money's
worth, is thrifty so long as he does
not spend or promise to pay more
than he is_ certain he will be able
to pay. The thriftless ones are
those wk« obligate themselves, with
out regard to their ability to meel
their obligations. In the investiga
tion of applicants for unemploy
ment relief in New York recently,
one family whose head earned $l5O
a month, but who was destitute be
cause he had committed himself to
installment payments on an autom
installment payments on an auto
mobile, a radio set, an electric
washing machine and an electiic
refrigerator, which called for pay
ments of more than his total sal
ary! That is a perfect example of
Installment buying in itself is
not vicious; it is only when it is
done without regard to conse
quences that it is harmful. e
think that the normal business con
dition for the next few years will
depend less upon installment pay
ments and more upon careful sav
ing of earned money, put out at
interest in savings banks or in
mortgages or bonds. We do not
believe we shall see soon a return
of the speculative wave in which
everybody seemed to be gambling
o n the stock market and trying to
get something for nothing.
Thrift., as we understand it,
means spending less than one
earns, buying carefully as to value
and also as to ability to pay out of
surplus earnings, and building up
a reserve that will tide one over a
period of unemployment or illness
and eventually take care of old age.
It is that sort of thrift which
those back of National Thrift Week
are trying to teach. More power
to them.—Danville (Ky.) Messenger.
On the whole, Governor Gardner's
message is warmly applauded by the
press. The Greensboro News com
mends its doctrine of State control
of local affairs, its insistence upon
the simplification of government and
the emphasis which is laid on the
expenses of the administration.
"The counsels of the documents,"
says The Greensboro paper, "are es
sentially prudential. The Governor
takes occasion as always, to present
those ideas of essential economy for
the state with which his name is es
pecially associated; his basic policy
[of preparation for eventualities; the
effort to make North Carolina* as
! nearly as possible, a self-contained
state. Every constructive measure
that is proposed has the dauhle ad
vantage of being adapted to a future
good or a future *evtt fortune. If
the clouds are to be darker and the
winds of political and business ad
versity higher, then the ship of state
will need the strongest, most prac
tical sort of gear for meeting the
storm. If there are fair skies and
favoring breezes to be encountered,
then the better she is equipped the
more progress she will make."
I The Charlotte Observer, like the
, Greensboro News, is impressed with
the Governor's recommendation that
the processes of county consolidation
for economic reasons should be un
dertaken and in some instances made
mandatory. The Raleigh News and
Observer considers the message a
great document and says: "No State
paper of many years has been so
full and informing or contained so
many wise and truly progressive
recommendations. Some of them have
the merit of needed revolution,
though they are in fact wholly .con
servative, judged by the Tennyson
ian standard." The News and Ob
server, reviewing the message in
detail, especially the Governor's
plea for a thoroughgoing reorganiza
tion of the State government and
agrees that a constitutional conven
tion for North Carolina is "over
In the opinion of the Winston-
Salem Journal, "No chief executive
of North Carolina in our time has
struck out so boldly for sweeping
reforms in the administration of
State affairs." The Winston-Salem
paper hopes that the Governor "will
have the enthusiastic and aggressive
support of the people for the states
manlike program he has presented
in his really great message to this
General Assembly." It disagrees with
Governor Gardner, however, on his
proposed cut of ten per cent in the
salary and wages of public employ
ees, declaring that this would retard
business recovery and if generally
followed would prove calamitious;
and it disagrees also on the proposal
to increase the gasoline tax to six
' cents. But how are taxes on land to
,be reduced, as the Winston-Salem
j paper insists that they should be,
[unless the counties are relieved of
: the maintenance of county roads
through a gasoline tax and unless
the costs of government operation
■ are lowered?—Asheville Citizen.
One of our exchanges from a
western community, speaking edi
torially, says that a business men
division of the local chamber of
commerce is inaugurating a cam
paign to bring about a real under
standing on the part of the people
as to the, necessity of doing their
buying at home. As the campaign
progresses the facts will be given to
show the consumers that when they
spend a dollar in another commu
nity, their own is being robbed of
the very life blood of its existence
and prospei'ity.
This group of western business
men propose to point out that if lo
cal residents would do even 75 P? 1 '
cent of their buying at their local
stores, their town would be prosper
ous and there would be no unemploy
ment. Furthermore, it is to be dem
onstrated to the business men them
selves that when they go elsewhere
to trade for merchandise obtainable
at home, they are not being loyal
to their own best interests.
Judging from our brother edi
tor's comment on the plans and
purposes of the campaign, the
business men are going to be fair
enough to view the situation from
the different angles. For he says
that, "a business man who does
buying elsewhere that he aould
do at home has no grounds f .o
complain if someone else does the
They are, evidently, going to
the root of the problem to awak
en the public conscience to its
civic duty along this important
line. And in so doing they show
wisdom. It is often to be found
that merchants themselves are to
blame primarily for the exit of so
many local dollars from the
community, out into large centers
and from whence there is little
likelihood of its returning. Some
business men fail to cooperate
with civic organizations that are
striving to bulid up the commu
nity, and along with it build up
local businesses.
The home dollar is needed at
home to pay home taxes which
keep up public conveniences.
Home people should realize this
and; work together with other
borne folks for their common in
terests.—Jeffersontown (Ky.) Jeff
North Carolina must not adopt
the sales tax method.
To dot so is to admit that our
boasted wealth is a bursted bubble,
and that we must resort to placing
the burden of our taxes upon the
poorest citizen of the state.
A tax upon the luxuries may b$
But a tax upon the fiecfessities df
life is an unbearable thought iri a
great state like North Carolina.
Who wants the washerwoman to
bear the burden of the state by plac
ing a tax upon every article she
buys? Who wants the laundry work
ers, the common laborers, the ten
ant farmers, the small farmers, the
clerks and office girls, to pay the
taxes of the state,
The poorer a person is, the greater
is Jhe percentage of their payment
in sales tax. The poor must of neces
sity buy in small quantities; the
merchant, in selling in small quanti
ties, must charge a higher rate than
he could sell the same goods for in
bulk, or in large quantities. Hence
the fact is brought out that the
small purchasers would pay the bulk
of a sales tax.
The idea of a sales tax is hate
ful, because it is wrong in principle
and a form of robbery in practice,
unjust, unfair, heinious, hellish, and
has no place in a commonwealth's
affairs.—The Brevard News.
Rutherfordton, Jan. 13.—Miss
Leah Parker, garden specialist for
the Chilean Nitrate of Soda company
will be at the court house here Sat
urday afternoon at 2:30 and give a
discussion on gardening. All inter
ested in gardening, either flower or
vegetable, are cordially invited to
attend the meeting.
Lincoln county farmers cooperat
ed to sell over 6,000 pounds of truk
eys during the recent holiday mar
ket season.
Apple growers of Alexander se
curing the finest fruit this part sea.
son used an average of three gallons
° S^ t0 tree ' re Ports county
agent D. H. Osborne.
Spindale, Sylva and Asheville
Plants of Farmers Federa
tion Have Total Capacity
of 70,500 Eggs.
Three hatchery plants in Western
North Carolina, with a combined ca
pacity of 70,500 eggs, will be open
ed in the next few weeks by the
Farmers Federation, it was announc
ed Monday night by Geo. E. Evans,
promotion manager. j
The first hatchery, at Sylva, has ,
a capacity of 17,500 eggs and will ;
open January 14. The second hatch
ery is located at Spindale and has
a capacity of 21,000 eggs. It will
open January 24. The largest of the
three is located in West Asheville
and has a capacity of 32,000 eggs.
This plant will open February 2.
The Farmers Federation, with
these plants, operates the second
largest hatchery in North Carolina,
the largest being the plant of Mrs.
F. B. Bunch, at Statesville, which.
has a capacity of 76,000 eggs.
Million A Year.
Through its development of the
poultry industry in this section, the
Farmers Federation paid to the farm
ers of Western North Carolina last
year more than $600,000 in cash.
The year before when prices in the
poultry market were stronger the
total reached $1,000,000 and during
the coming year the total is expected
to approach the latter figure.
"In the next three years," Mr.
Evans said Monday night, the poultry
department of the Farmers Federa
tion expects to be paying at least
$2,000,000 in cash annually to the
farmers of this section. Western
North Carolina is ideally situated
for the development of small poul
try units and this industry repre
sents a great potential reservoir of
wealth for this section."
The Farmers Federation Hatch
eries are operated under the Educa
tional Development Fund, raised by
James G. K. McClure to assist in the
development of the agricultural in
dustry in this section. They are
members of the State association
known as the North Carolina State
Hatchery association, formed recent
ly at a meeting in Greensboro. The
object of this association is to place
pure blood tested breeders on all the i The average feed cost of the high
farms in the state. \ milkers was $145.64 a year and of
E. F. Howard, of Dunn, is presi
dent of the body; G. E. Evans, of
Asheville is vice president and Dr
R. S. Dearstyne, head of the poultry
department of State college, at Ra
leigh, is secretary-treasurer.
I Two groups of directors wtre
named by the association, one for
each half of the state. The western
directors flffeJ Cat'l Coffey, of North
Wilkesboro; S. L. Cilne, of Valdese:
and Mrs. F. B. Bunch, of Statesville.
To Advertise Products.
The association plans to conduct
an advertising campaign which will
boost the poultry business in North
Carolina. At the present time the
Farmers Federation in Western North
Carolina has set as a goal a mini-
mum of 100 producing birds on every
farm. This will add several hun—'
: dred thousand dollars yearly in cash ,
| to the income of western North Caro- .
j lina farmers, officials of the organ- ,
I ization point out and can be easily
j brought about with a small outlay
| and comparatively little extra work
|on the part of the farmers. The as
; sociation represents plants with a ca- ;
Ipacity of 450,000 eggs,
i All hatching eggs, for these hatch- ,
| cries, will be supplied by flocks that
have been blood tested by the Poul
try Extension Department of the
North Carolina State college, and :
every box of baby chicks shipped
will bear a label carrying the slogan
of the State Hatchery Association,
which is "North Carolina Chicks
from Blood Tested Breeders Approv
ed by the State Department of Ag
riculture and North Carolina State
college." The Farmers Federation
Hatcheries will comply with every
requirement of the Poultry Exten
sion Service of the State college, l
thereby guaranteeing its customers
pure bred baby chicks of the very
highest quality possible. They feel
that it is important to do this in
order that the poultry business of
western North Carolina may con
tinue to grow and develop as it should
Section Has Advantages.
"Western North Carolina should
be one of the largest poultry pro
ducing sections of the south and
with the proper supervision and
careful study by our farmers it
should be producing millions of dol
lars in poultry and eggs in the next
| few years." Mr. Evans added. "The
( depression for the past two years
has hit the poultry industry of this
section hard, but we believe that it
• has reached the bottom, and now,
is the time to start building a real
poultry business.
j "The Farmers Federation is look
jing to the future with a great deal
jof optimism as regards the farming
industry in western North Carolina,
and it plans to operate hatcheries,
poultry cars, wood products depart
ment and canneries on a larger scale
this year than ever. The poultry
cars will run on regular schedules.
Sylva Hatchery with a 17,500 egg
capacity, will open for business
January 14, Spindale Hatchery with
a 21,000 egg capacity about January
24, and Asheville Hatchery Haywood
road with a 32,000 egg capacity
February 2. Poultry cars will be in
charge of C. C. Proffitt, who is an
experienced poultryman. The Wood
Products Department will be under
the supervision of Harry Rotha, who
is an expert in this line. Hatcheries
and Canneries will be under the
supervision of George E. Evans, Pro
motion Manager of the Farmers Fed
It is hoped that the people of
j western North Carolina, who are
out of work, will start back to the
farms and help carry out Governor
! Gardner's "Live-at-home" program
; officials of the Federation said.
Low Yielding Cows
j Make No Profit
| Tabulating yearly records from
j 2,326 cows in the six herd improve
! ment associations in North Carolina,
; John A. Arey, dairy extension
.specialist at State college, finds a
; difference of $54.08 in profits be
tween high yielding and low yielding
j "Those animals producing an av
•erage of S3OO or more pounds of
( butterfat a year gave an increased
.profit of $54.08 over another group
j which produced less than 250 pounds
'of fat a year," says Mr. Arey. "The
1 average of each cow in the high
producing group was 7,797 pounds
|of milk and 323 pqunds of fat. In
this group were 464 cows in 18 dif
ferent herds. The average of each
jcow in the low producing group was
5,197 pounds of milk and 219.5
'pounds of fat. In this group were
857 cows from 31 herds."
jthe low milkers was $108.72 a year.
Therefore, says Mr. Arey, it cost
$36.92 more to feed the high pro
ducing cows for one year but in
return an additional s9l worth of
j milk was secured.
j. ...Mr. Arey says he considered the
feed costs only In making- these cai
j culations. He is convinced had he
.inquired too closely into all "costs,
as the expenses of delivering milk
, and other items, the cows in the
j low producing group would not have
returned any profit whatever. Some
of them were carried at an actual
. loss and should be sold for beef if
! their production could not be in
, creased by better feeding and care.
There are twice as many brood
sows on Rowan county farms as
were there eight years ago and the
owners are preparing to feed and
fatten pork as a new farm enter
prise, says W. G. Yeager, farm agent
Horn's Theatre
With Edmund Lowe, Mae Clarke, William Harritfan
others. Some one told him the girl he loved had 1M •
perience and he believed it. He had lost his heart. V-"'
lost his faith. She had lost her heart but kept her ra
Also a beautiful technicolor "Flower Garden."
A Movie Wow. More fun than you -have been loom!?
in "Reducing." With Marie Dressier and Polly Moran.
greatest feminine comedy team.
MONDAY and TUESDAY, Jan. 19-20-
Thursday. J,,..
"The birthday 0 f r
national will be H
City during the week o ft !n Poj 
to 24, when Kiwanian "u " Uar V|
-ith the 1,869 ortev I''! * k
United States and r ir i t
memorate the ißth • 0
the founding 0 f the
President R. R.
club announced today. 1 lfj(
The first club Was or „ .
Detroit in 1915 On I
that year the ft r ' st
The orga„i 2ation M
rapidly and today there j
bership of approximately* J*
Raymond M. Crossman.'„ f
is the International
warns International will , lol(1 *
annual convention j n \r; nT •'
3-7.1931. nu
"The Forest City dub is m
years old," said President p"
Howes, "and we haw o„ ioi , t
growth and development , ha ,
come to the international
tion of wmeh we are a charter,,
active unit. Our prog ram f
anniversary meeting will be , n „
of the committee „„ K , '
The matter of city deliver
mail, better mail schedules and
er business was discussed at
meeting: Monday night.
Plan Farm Business
For Coming Seai
Because 1931 will likely |*
hard year based on the present c
look for crop prices, more than c
al attention must be paid to t
ning the farm business.
"The starting point from tr ;
any grower must ,reckon. is
present condition. An inventor?
resources should be made a? «
as possible," says Dr. G. W. Fori
head of the department of ap
ture economics at Stj|te
"In addition to making an in*
tory of his resources in detail.:
farmer should also make a list of
liabilities or the amounts he 01
others. The difference betwa I
assets and liabilities repress b.
net worth. The difference bsw
the net worth at the end of the?
and at the beginning- of the j
will give the net gain or loss
farming operations for the year
Dr. Forester also suggests a
of simple accounts to record all:
crop and livestock enterprises of 1
farm. A record should be kept oil
cotton crop, the tobacco crop, or:
hog project showing- the expenditc
and the income. This will «ii
which enterprises have been 2
profitable and which have 10-t n:
ey. With this knowledge in to
the farmer can determine wtyp
were made or losses Incurred an(
can then make the proper ad'J
Dr. Forester also urges the
of the outlook material released i
winter by State college and the I'
ed States Department of Agricutd
The object of this service is top
the farmer some idea of the cos
tion of the market during the
ing year. This outlook inform#
he says, can be used effectively •
the set of simple f|rm 1 accc*
By using the two. the grove:
tell what crops to expand or
ones to contract, based on hi- i
experience and the outlook M
particular crop during the f-'-

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