VOL. III. .7M LUMBERTON; NVC, OCTOBER 16, 1902. NO. 9. WHOLE NO. .193 BILL ARP'S LETTER, Ruminations cf the Popular Safe of " - Bartow : f the Philosopher is reminiscent He Dlscu5ses Events of the. Past la His Usual Happy Manner Things - He Does Not Know. r , r "Wanted In 1881 General Henry R. i Uackson, of Savannah, delivered in Atlanta the most notable; instructive and eloquent address that has been heard in. Georgia -since the civil war. The subject was "The Wanderer," a slave ship that landed on the Georgia coast in 1858. But the whole address was an historical recital of 'many poli tical events that , led "to the civil war and of which the generation that has grown up since 'were profoundly - ig norant and still are. It was delivered by request of the Young Men's .Li brary Association when Henry Grady was its chairman, and I supposed was published in pamphlet fornranoL could ; be had on application. . But I have sought in vain to find a copy. I have a newspaper copy, but it has jbeen worn to the quick and is almost; illegible. I wrote to Judge Pope Barrow, who is General Jackson's csecutor, and he can find none among the! general's rr". Can any .veteran furnish me a topy? I would also be pleased to ob tain a copy of . Daniel ..; Webster's speech at Capon Springs, which was suppressed by his publishers and to which General Jackson makes allus ion. General Jackson was a great man. He won his military laurels in the war with Mexico. He was assistant at torney general under Buchanan when Jeremiah Black was the chief. He was the vigilant, determined, ! conscien tious prosecutor of those who owned , and equipped aDrl officered the only slave ship that ever ;- landed on the Georgia coast He was a man of splen did culture and a poet of - ability and reputation. Strange it is 'that this magnificent address ' has not been compiled in the appendix 1 of some Southern history as -a! land mark for the present generation.. It is sad; and mortifying that our young and middle aged men and our graduates from Southern colleges know so little of our ante-bellum history. The i. Northern' people are equally" ignorant of the origin of slavery and the real causes that precipitated the civil war. Most of them have a vague idealthat slav ery was born and just grew, up in the South came up out of. the ground like the 17-year-old locusts and waa our sin and our curse. Not one in ten thousand will believe' that ;the South never imported a- slave from Africa, but got all we had by purchase from our Northern brethren. I would wager a thousand dollars against ten that not a man under fifty nor a. school boy who lives North of the line knows or believes that. General Grant, their great military hero and idol, was a slave owner and lived off of, their hire and their service while he! was fight ing up about ours. Lincoln's procla mation of freedom came in 1863, but .General Grant paid no attention to it He - continued to use them as slaves until January, 1865. (See his bography by General James Grant Wilson in Appleton's Encyclopedia.) General Grant owned these slaves in St. Louis, Mo.; where be lived. He was a bad manager and just before the war be gan he moved to Galena and went to work for ' his brother in the tanyard While there he caught-the war fevei and got a good position under Lincoln, but had he remained in St. Louis would have greatly preferred one on our side. So said Mrs. Grant a few years ago to a newspaper editor in St Augustine. How many of this generation North or South know or will believe that as late as November, 1861, Nathaniel Gordon, master of a New England slave ship called the Erie, was Con victed in New York city of carrying on the slave trade. (See Appleton.) Just think jof it and wonder.) In 1861 our Northern brethren made war upon us because we enslaved the negroes we had bought from them, but at the same time they kept on bringing more from Africa and begging us to ' bny them. How many know that England, our mother country,- never emanci pated her slaves until 1843. when twelve millions were set free In the East Indies and one hundred millions of dollars paid to their ; owners ' by act of parliament? U is only 'within the last half century that the importation of slaves from Africa has generally ceased. Up to that time every civilizsd country bought them and enslaved them. English statesmen, and clergy men said it was better to bring them away than to have them continue in their barbarism and canibalism. And it was better. I believe it was God's providence ' that they, should be brought away and placed in slavery, but the wy it was done was inhuman and brutal, The horrorsOf j the mid dle passage, as the. ocean ' voyage was called, is the most awful narrative I ' ever read and reminds. me of Dante's 'Tnf ernoX About half the - cargo Eur- viveor ana tne dead - and dying were tumbled into the sea. The owners said we . can : afford to lose half and still have a thousand per cent profit. Rev. John Newton, one of the j sweetest poets who ever wrote a hymn, the au thor of "Amazing grace, how 'sweet the sound, that saved la wretch like . me?" "Savior;: Visit Thy Plantation.' "Safely Through. Another Week," and many others, was for many years a deck hand on a slave ship and saw all its horrors- He became converted; but soon -after became captain of a slaver and for four years pursued It giu gently and mitigated its cruelty. Then he quit ''and went to preaching and says in his 'autobiography; that- it never occurred to him that: there was any thingwrong or.: immoral I in the slave trade where it: was humanely conducted. -The .Savior - said: "Of fenses must needs come, .but woe uato them by whom they come." 7 - - In Appleton's long and - exhaustive article on slavery it is said that slav ery in some form, has existed ever sBince human history began. . And it (appears to have "been under 'the sanc tion of Providence as far back as the days ot JToah, and Abraham. The latter tad a very great household and many servants whom he had bought with his money. The Tword slave appears but twice in the Bible, It is synonymous with servant and ;' bondsman. There has. been on time since the Christian era that' the dominant nations have not owned slaves sometimes the bondage was hard, but -as i a general rule the master found it to his interest to be kind to his slaves.- As Bob Toombs said in his Boston speech: "It is noto our interest to starve our slaves any more than -Jt is to starve our horses and horned cattle;" Shortly after the little cargo that the Wander er brought were - secretly scattered around I saw some of them at work in a large garden in Columbus, Ga.; and was told that they- were docile and quickly learned to dig and to hoe," but that it was hard to teach them to eat cooked meat. They -wanted it raw and bloody. They were ' miserable "v. little runts, "Guinea. negxoes,' with 5 thick lips and fiat noses, but they grew up into better "shaped and made good ser vants and I know were. far better , off than in their native jungles, the prey of stronger tribes, and made food for canibals. - . T - - ' ' i No,' there was no sin In slavery as instituted , in the South-by our fath ers" and -forefathers, ; and that it why I write this letter perhaps the last I shall' ever, write on this subject. I wish to impress it upon our boys and girls : so that : they may be ready ' and willing .to .defend their Southern an cestors 'from the .baseless charge of suffering now for the sins of their fathers. - . A Northern friend writes: . ,"Do please lot up on the nero. We up here are tired of him, Give us more of your pleasant pictures of domestic life, etc.; but let the negro go dead." He does not know that the negro and . what is to become of him is a question of tremendous moment with us and it must be. written about. But I will refrain -as long as It is prudent Just now I would like to hire a .man to cuss the black rascal who came in to my back yard the other night and stole my grind stone. For five years I have let every darkey grind his ax who wanted to, and now 'I can't grind my own. The fact is I have no ax to grind, for they stole that first. Bill Arp, in Atlanta Constitution. Bloody Work of Crazy Man. Hopkinsville, Ky.,- Special. Lloyd Nelson Young, a white planter, crazed by drink, went to Pembroke and got .on a rampage Sunday . night. - After being put oft a train that he had flag ged, he secured an axe and brained Rebecca MacRay,- an aged negress, whom he met in the road. Leaving the axe with the body, he sprang on Joseph Landy, colored, aged 70, and cut his threat, fatally wounding him. After terrorizing the citizens for two hours, he was overpowered by a mobvof sev eral hundred negroes that had been formed to lynch him. T1 Demand Federal Interference. New York, Special. David Wilcox, vice president and counsel for the Del aware & Hudson Railroad, has sent to President Roosevelt a letter demand ing that the Federal government pro ceed against the miners' organization in the courts, on the ground that It is a conspiracy to prevent inter-State commerce. Mr. Wilcox, it is said on authority,' represents all the coal op erators in this action, and was select ed as their spokesman. New Mil! at Huntsville. Boston, Special The Merrimac Man ufacturing Company , was authorized by vote of the stockholders at the annual meeting held here to issue preferred stock to the amount of $1,600,000, which increases the? capitalization of the company to $4,400,000. The addi tional stock authorized- is needed for the construction of a new mill in Huntsville, Ala., where the Merrimas Company already operates a substan tial plant. It is the intention to build a mill that will give employment to 1,500 or 2,000 operatives. Need Cars Badly. Roanoke,. Va., Special. A statement was made at the offices of the Nor folk & "Western Railway Company, that the road is badly iri need of more locomotives and that the road would i - r-n f . I m 11. uuy or nire jdu engines mey were available. The result of the en deavors ' so far . to get motive power has taken the form pf - one : engine hired from the Atlantic Coast Line. The strennous demands of a freight traffic far- exceeding any such oc casion in the history of the road has brought about this state of affairs. In a "wreck which occurred on' tho Cotton Belt at Sulphur Springs, Texas Tuesday,: an unidentified man was" caught under the wreckage and in stantly killed. The dead man is said to be' one of the train crew.- The dam age to the railroad property is heavy. . Sir. Thomas Lipton's third challenge for a series of races for the America's cup was signetl Tuesday afternoon at Belfast;-Ireland, by the officials of the Roval Ulster Yacht Club. . ' Many letters containing small con- National McKinley Memorial Assocla- tion. v-s. - . ; . V ' Changing, to Wood Burners. - Wilmington, Special. The force in the Coast Line machine shops at Flor ence is working overtime in order to catch . up with . the excess of work, which is largely in converting- coal burning locomotives into wood-buin-ers. Ths scarcity of. coal is really be coming an item with the xailroads. It is said that the Coast Line has recent ly found it necessary, to confiscate coal In transit to Richmond - to keep Its trains in operation. - -. - . Talk . about the endless chain! An explorer starts ' cut to . find the Pole." After; a while -a" relief expedition Is tent out to : find him. He turn3 up Fafs and ecund, and returns to look for'"his- rescuers that, were "to have been. This interesting process Is ca pable of infinite expansion and might go on forever, of: at least as long as the geographical angels were gener ous. ' - LIVE ITEMS1 OF, NEWS. Many Matters of General Interest la r - Short Paragraphs. , ' " ' The Sunny South. The marker of six Southern naval stores cu)anies was : effected, at Jacksonville, Fla. . , - . The National Council of the Boys! Brigade decided to hold its next "meet ing at -Baltimore. . - - A rMou'nt Pleasant, - Tex., T dispatch says;5r"The engine attached to a Cotton Belt - passenger train jumped the - track .nine miles west- of this place, turning over, and -killing" En gineer Cicero King 'and Fireman L. W. Ashecroft. None of the passefigers were hurt." Roinoke, .y Va., Special Monday nigh tburglars broke into the postoffice at Tazewell Court House, about' mid night, and blew opea the safe with dynamite. They secured ?S00 in stamps and $200 in cash. Besides these losses the office books of the postmaster were blown over the office and almost de stroyed. Before breaking into the post office, the party broke into a blacks smith shop and secured the necessary tools for doing the. work on the safe. Bloodhounds have been sent to : the scene. So far there is no clue to the robbers. - ; i . - At The National Capital. The President has appointed to the rank of brigadier-general Cols. Amos S. Kimball, Chambers ! McKibbin and Charles C. Hood, all of whom will be retired. Veterans are already beginning Ho arrive to attend the Grand Army En campment in Washington, which opens Monday. Washington, Special. Alfred- W. Bew, said to be a well-to-do resident of Philadelphia, dropped dead in the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad ticket of fice here Monday. Mrs. Bew was across the street and saw her hus ba,nd fall, but he had expired before she could reach him. He was 71 years old. They reached the city from Florida, where they had been visiting their daughter. It is said that President Roosevelt may suggest to the striking miners ia Pennsylvania that they return to work under assurances that Congress will make an investigation and enact legis lation for their relief in the future. Secretary of the Treasury Shaw has issued a circular to national banks in regard to the maintenance of rescrye against Government deposits secured by United States bonds. At The North. Former Delegate TJthoff testified in the case of Robert Snyder at St. Louis that he wa3 offered $100,000 to pass a traction- bill. Alderman William Dickinson, of Brooklyn, i3 charged with bribery iu offering to vote for a bill in return for for a favor to a constituent. Senator J. P. Dolliver, of Iowa, dis cussed tariff revision and trusts at the convention of the League of Republi can Clubs In Chicago. ' Dr. E. Benjamin Andrews has de clined a profferede advance in his sal ary as chancellor of the University of Nebraska. Twelve men were killed by an ex plosion of firedamp in the Lawson mine, Washington State. A son was born to the Duchess" of Manchester, who was before her mar riage Miss Helena Zimmerman, of Cincinnati. Governor Bliss has tendered to Geii. Russell A. Alger the appointment of Senator from Michigan, to successed the late Senator McMillan. Bishop H. C; Potter and Mrs. Alfred Corning Clark were married at Coop ertown, New York. Mrs. Cordelia Botkin, at San Fran cisco, charged with the murder of Mrs. Dunning and Mrs. Deane, hopes for ac quittal, because of the death of J. B. Pennington, father of th vjctims. From Across The Sea. King Alfonso of Spain wants to visit the United" States. Dr. John Byrne, a well-known Ameri can gynecologist, died at Montreaux, Switzerland. A plot against Dowager Empress Marie Dagmar of Russia was discover ed at Copenhagen. Premier Balfour announced that the British government education bill would not be withdrawn. The new Russian, ordinances for Finland were promulgated at Helsing fors. . r - - President Castro has retreated to a strong position near Carcas and awaits attack by, the revolutionists. The Bank of England raised the rate of discount to 4 per cent. A $25,000,000- Japanese loan is to be floated in London. .. Pietro Mascagni, the noted Italian composer, arrived in New York to be gin a tour of the country. ' Subscriptions for a monument to Emile Zola were begun In Paris. The official Gazette of Caracas pub lishes a protest against the British oc cupation of the Island of Patos. King Edward ordered, that special courtesies be shown to Generals Cpr bin, Young and Wood in London. Woman's . Christian . Temperance Union women Have begun a crusade against ., alleged harmful - advertise ments on " billboards and in .maga zines. , ' - . ; Sultan Abdul Hamld Is paying high honors to Grand Duke Nicholas of Russia,- in Constantinople. . - - ' -, ; Miscellnneous Matters. - Thomas F, ftyan states that. Ameri cans will control two-thirds of the international tobacco combine " and also get a share . in the British trade. Thomas J, Sharkey, who was arrest ed on the charge of causing the death of-Nicholas Fish, the banker, ina bar rpom brawl in New York on September 15, has been indicted for manslaughter in the first degree. , ' - , . PRESIDENT REVIEWS VETERANS. i I . r , -. Although Suffering, fir. Roosevelt n f Sees the.Parade of XL-A. R. r Washington; Special." President Roosevelt .Wednesday -reviewed ; tha Grand Army parade in Ills carriage. Ho was carried down stairs fromJhis room -on the second floor of the temporary White House in an invayd's chair and amid the cheers of a large crowd, was placed in $he carriage, in which there was. a board to support his Injured leg. He was accompanied by ' Secretary Cortelyou and-Colonel Bingham, : his military aide.; His'carriage was guard ed by a platoon of mounted pollee, under, command of Major Bilvester. Aa the carriage appeared on the avenue, the President stopped at the reviewing stand for a moment until the marshals of the parade and Rawlin's Post, of Minneapolis, the right of the line, had pas$od and - then drove down the ave nue to the peace monument, at the foot; of the capitol. The veterans faced the carriage as the President drove by and; saluted him. lie was continuously cheered bj' the crowds1 as he drove along. Less than 35 minutes wee con sumed in the journey. . During its pro gress the President found I that tire board to rest his limb was. uncomfort able and it was discarded. -When the White House was reached "the Presi dent did not alight. Instead Secretary uorteylou and Colonel Bingham got out, and much: to the surprise and de light of the visiting, crowds, Mrs. Roos evelt emerged, entered the carriage and was: driven rapidly away . with the President. The drive took the Presi dent and Mrs. Roosevelt through the nortnwost section of the city, " " President and Mrs. ' Roosevelt re turned to the White Hsuse about 1:30, having been gone an hour and a half. They had driven through Rock Creek and Zoological Parks, but kept clear, of the crowds. Several thousand people waiting oMtside the White House cheer ed their return. The President's ride down Pennsylvania avenue, along the liner of march of "the parade, was an ovation for him and a source of great pleasure to the thousands of people packed in the streets, and stands. The delightful weather eased the minds ot his physicians as to the propriety; of the I President leaving the room in which he has been confined since his return from Indianapolis. He was in excellent -spirits and looking forward to the ride with intense j)leasure. la front of the temporary White House for half a square each way twenty deep 5,000 or 6,000 people greet ed the President's appearance with cheers of welcome. The President; re sponded to these cheers by raising his hat and bowing and smiling. When, he wad lifted into the carriage the Pres ident steadied himself on his right leg and hopped' to the further side, adjust ing! his injured leg to the board which cad been put in by his attendants, Secretary Cortelyou joined him on his left; and Colonel Theodore Bingham, in full! uniform, occupied the seat in front. Mrs. Roosevelt watched the President's departure from the window . A a S3 a " ' l . anq as me rresiaeni arove away saluted her by raising his hat As the party swept into the broad avenue a tremendous cheer went up and the. sidewalks and ' stands were white with fluttering handkerchiefs. The President acknowledged the de mohstration by lifting his hat and bowing right and left. The journey down the avenue was made to the right of the oncoming column pf vet erans, the demonstration swelling in volume as.they proceeded. The return journey from the peace monument was made en the other side.-of the avenue at a more rapid pace. When the car riage drew up In front ot the Jackson Place residence, the horses were fleck- ed with foam. Negro Arrested for Forgery. Laurens, S. C, Special. Wednesday afternoon a negro calling himself Joe Maek presented at the People's Loan and Savings Bank a check payable' to himself or bearer and purporting to be signed by a leading planter for $137. The bank officers instantly suspected the i fraudulence of the signature and detained the man until investigation could' be made After some time-the negro became alarmed and suddenly darted away, leaping through a win dow, breakihz the sash. A cry , wa3 raised and In a few moments the man was; captured by several young men who were in the chase. - The negro, whoso name was ascertained to be WI1 lis Henderson, is in jail. ; He declares1 that he is not the man who was in the bank but the officers of the latter iden tified him positively. White For Ambassador. Washington, Special. The Presi dent ha3 decided to appoint Henry White, secretary of the ;United States embassy at London, as. ambassador to Rome. The appointment probably will not be made until next spring and Am bassador Meyer will remain at his post until then. John B. Jackson, who has been secretary of the embassy at Berlin since 1894, also is slated for an Important " diplomatic apppintment. His promotion is to be based upon" the same reason as will inspire that, of Mr. jWhite, namely, adesire to extenji into! the diplomatic" service the prin ciple of promotion based on merit. $150,000 Lost "fry Beaumont Fire. Beaumont, Tex., Special. The fire in the ! oil field was extinguished early Wednesday morning.. The damage was confined to an era -comprising about two! acres and the losses consist of 75 derricks,' 50 pumping plants and..haii a dozen small oil tanks which were used for settling. The loss is placed at $150, OOOi Thomas Rowley, the man burned wViiifi trvinz to save a derrick, js still alive '.but cannot recover. Thirty Bodies in Cold 5torage. - Louisville, . SpeciaJ.4rThirty -,, dead bodies were found in a cold" storage plant, in the rear of an ice cream'fac tory on Eighth street. The' same pipes vhich were used in - congealing the cream for -table use ''were cojinacted with a small plant in . a shed in the real where 'they keptthe bodies cool. The heads of the several colleges; interest ed in the establishment asserted to- nierhfc that the bodies were obtained le gitimately'from the penitentiaries, 1c- sane asylums and other institutions ox the'State of Kentucky WILL SETTLE STRIKE Report That Coal Operator Will " Open Mines Soon. A Monday morning, special from Scranton, Pa.tays:1 .- -t v. This is. the beginnings of a week which It is generally believedwill put to a test the claim of the operators that they will be enabled- to; start Tipi their collieries, if given 'protection and the counter claim, of the United Mine Workers organization as expressed in Wednesday's resolutions that . the' strik ers will not return to work." -without concessions, even though the entire military of the United States should be sent fiere to protect them. With a determination to" prove their claim; the operators have been . during the past, week making a supreme effort, to secure njenV That they- have j succeeded to some extent is 'evidenced- by an- J nouncements made with. ' some -..posl tiveness that various collieries will re sume operations in the course of. a. few days. The Delaware !& Hudson' Cpm pany will make a start at fthe ' Belle- vue. The Green Ridge Coal Company. will open up. its Green .Ridge colleries, probably Tuesday or Wednesday, but assuredly, some day ; this week. Other companies say they are figuring on a resumption at certain collieries, -;. but declined to give the location. Claim Is also" made on the operators? side that the forces at collieries already work ing are to be largely increased during the week. The United Mine Workers'. leaders continue to assert that the -military can do nothing towards inducing men to return to work, and that all the men who could i be induced to go back to work without concessions are already back. Strike disorder is now almost wholly wanting. During the nast two days the soldiers have had nothing to do .further than their regu lar patrol duty, not a single call hav ing come to any of the three regiments in this country to deal with disorder or threatened aisoraer. i r , Street Car Strike Over. New Orleans, Special. The street car strike, inaugurated ; by the dis satisfied employes of the New Orleans Railway Company, was settled here Sunday night, the Car Men's Union unanimously accepting the Governor's ultimatum on a secret;; ballot. The basis of settlement is that the men will go back to work Monday morning at 20 cents and 10 hours, with a mini mum of seven and a half hours a day, no discrimination" to be made against any of the men under charges and so many to be taken back as are neeaea for the operation of the company s line. There is widespread rejoicing in the city over the settlement Of the strike, which began Sunday morning two weeks ago and has been the most effective tie-up ever attempted in this city. Not a single passenger has been carried on a ca'r since: it began and not a passenger car has gotten more than five blocks from ;a barn. The credit for settlement is largely due to W. S. Parkerson, who took . up the cause of the strikers yesterday morn ing and labored indefatigably all night and all day, convincing them' that they could hope for nothing better and that they could not prevail against the militia massed here. United States Senator Foster, Governor Heard and Mayor Capdeville were all instru mental in some degree in bringing about the final result. An Agreement Readier. Birmingham, Ala Special. At a conference between the committee cf district No. 20, United Mine Workers of America, and President J. C. Ma son, of the Sloss Sheffield Steel' and Iron Company, with reference to the collection of assessments for the an thracite strikers from among the miners of that company, an amicable agreement was'xeached, both 'sides ! refuse to give out the details. , May Ask For Federal Troops. Washinston. Special Their opera tors will make another determined ef- fort to start up additional collieries next Monday and in case" the militia cannot furnish the. necessary protec tion for the men who" want to go to work, and their familie, a number -of local operators will petition tne iiOV-: ernor as to the advisability; of calling on the President for Federal troops,. Action of Belgian Miners Charierpir Belgium, Special The na tional committee of the great Belgian coal fields met Sunday! and .passed res olutions in favor of( demanding an in crease of 15 per cent. -in the wages of coal miners, the object of the demand being to create a reversion in favor or the striking coal miners in France and to Drevent the supplying of .Belgian coal to France. w , : Railroad Reported Sold. Southern Pines, Special It is report- e"d here that E. W. Shedd, representing Boston capitalists, has succeeded in purchasing the Aberdeen & Rockfish Railroad, which runs from Aberdeen to within a few miles of Fayetteville, and, which will form a portion -of the through: line from Concord to Fayette ville, and known as the Moore County & Western Railroads In spite of the fact that the Aberdeen & Rockfisb Railway is doing a good business, it ia regarded as likely that the sale has been made,- and that: important devel opments' will be made public spon. - Oun Boats Ordered Out. London, By Cable. In a ."dispatch from - Hamburg;: the correspondent of the "Daily MalLsays that on' account of 'the' murder in Venezuela 'of .Admiral Russellr a German subject,; and mana ger of the Venezuela Plantati.on Com pany, the German' government has or dered the cruisers Vineta.'Panther and Gazelle to go to Venezuela.? A dispatch rpelved from Willemstadt -yesterday j Said the Vineta already Jiad arrived, at t I Ln Guiara. OUR WONDERFUL CROPS Production of the Farms This Yeal , - Breaks AH Records. The country's . erain yield this year will not; only break- all previous re cords,? but it also bids fair to estab lish a figure that it will be difficult for any future year to equal. The various crops have now reached a stage where they are practically . safe from the vagaries of -the weather, and " where the : reports or acreage and conditions m ay be accepted as accurately indi cating the actual harvest. . The corn crop will, of course, sur pass all others' in its volume , and value. The most conservative estimate-places the yield at 2,495,081,000 bushels, or practically 1,000,000,000 bushels "larger than last year. ; The first year in whicfi' the corn crop reached a total of 1,000,000,000 iushels was" 1870. In traly six of the 32 years since than has the actual corn har vest been in excess of '2,000,000,000 bushels... The present ; corn crop will surpass all of these record-breaking years : by something like a quarter of a billion bushels. - .So : much attention has been eiven to the enormous corn , crop, that the great yield of other cereals-has been largely overlooked.- Only one crop will show, a yield smaller than that of last year. The wheat crop is estimated at 610,611,000 bushels, as against 748, 460,000 -bushels harvested last 'year. The wheat crop of 1901, however, was a; reeord-breaker. The crop this year is largely in excess of the - average yield. The estimate of 610,611,000 bushels compares with 522,230.000 bushels In 1900, 547,304,000 bushels in 1899, 530,149,000 bushels; in 1896. The indications are that the .other important eereal crops-oats, rye, bar ley, and. buckwheat will all be in ex cess of 'last year's figures.- The esti mated yield of oats is 686,277,000 bush els, as compared with - 736,809,000 bushels In-1901; the estimated yield of rye is-31,846,000 bushels, as against 30,345,000 bushels in 1901; in barley the estimate is 120,720,000 bushels, as against 109,933,000 bushels last year; while in buckwheat it Is 15,376,000 bushels, as against 15,125,000 bushels In 1901. - Wben the figures for all six of these crops are added together a most im pressive totalis shown. The total es timated yield for the six is no less than 4,141,911,000 bushels. The high est : total ever shown before was 3,- 572.610,000 bushels. It is difficult to overestimate, as a prominent, financier stated a few days ago, what these enormous crops mean as .-affecting the prosperity of, thl3 country They are the most solid of the foundations beneath the superstructure- of prosperity that the Uni ted States is now enjoying. Every channel of trade will receive lis share of the- enoraous increase in purchas ing power that has been added to.this :6untry through these immense crops. Government Crop Report. . : Washington, Special.r-The monthly report ot the statistician or tne De partment of Agriculture shows the av arage condition of corn on October !, to have "been 79.6 as compared-with 52.1 a year ago. The preliminary esti-' mate of the average yield of wheat is 14.4 bushels. The preliminary esti mate, of the average yield, of corn per acre is 34.5 bushels as compared with 25.1 bushels a year ao. Tho prelimi nary estimate per acre ,of rye is 17.0 bushels as compared' with 15.5 a year ago. , . The average condition of buckwheat is 85 compared with 86.7 last year. The improvement amounts to 4 points in Kentucky, 5 in Virginia. In tobacco, as compared with their respective 10 year average North Carolina- is 7 and Virgina 9, and Ohio 2 points above. Tennesse 3 points below. The average condition of potatoes on October 1 was si.o, against 54 a year ago. As to the condition of sweet potatoes, Tennessee reports 1 point and South Carolina-.: and . Vir ginia 5 points above their respective 10-year : averages. While Georgia re ports 3 points, Texas 4, New Jersey G, "Florida 7, Louisiana 11 .Mississippi 15 and Alabama 19 points "below such average. All of the important sugar cane pro ducing States , except Texas, report conditions below their, respective 10 year averages. This reduri ion amounts" to-"2 points in Georgia, 5 in South Car olina, 17 in Florida, 15 in Mississippi, and 15 in Alabama, , while Texas is 2 points -above such average. As to the condition of rice, Texas; reports 11 points above ' and '' South Carolina, North Carolina 9 point sand Louisiana 2 noints below their respective aver ages for the last 10 years, while the condition in Georgia is the same as such . average. - ; As to the condition of apples North Carolina reports 8 points, Illinois 9 Missouria 10, Pennsylvania 11, Maine 11, New York 15, Iowa 16, and Michi gan 27 points'" above and Ohio 2, In diana 3, Virginia 9, Tennessee 11, Ken tucky 19 and Kansas 21 points below the 'mean of their averages for the last 7 years. - . : : Trust of Wholesale Grocers. St. Louis, Special. The Inter-State Grocery, of St. Louis will say that - a combine, to include every -: wholesaler . of - groceries In the , United States, is in the course of formation. Thajt paper gives the following outline of the plan: ?It is proposed to take over the business of the entire line of wholesale grocers in the United; States. One great corpora tion will be formed, , which will buy outright the business and good will of all the firms. A central office for-the "accommodation of the officers of " thf company will be malntarnedprobab.1 . New York. . ..V, -v", ; Discards Invalid, Chair. . .Washington, Special President and MrB. Roosevelt, went out for atirive in open landau. For the nrst time since t'i9- illness, tho President reached his carriage unassisted." 1 Instead of. being carried down stairs In an Invalid chair, be came down upon crutches. He de scended the steps in front of tiie house without assistance and crossed to the rrowd In front Of the , . o ho t nnk his seat in Hp acknowledged the leeting br raising his bat. - - - . TALK WAS RED HOT. Governor dell Gives r Coal Operators a Well Deserved Roast; NEW YORK EXECUTIVE HITS HARD. He Tells fir. Baer That The Owners . - of the rikies Have Not Acted With 1 1 ----.-:;r Fairness, to the Public New York,' Special. "What kdo you';, " mean by politicians ? I want ydii and -all the other operators to understond 1 i v'; that I am the iioyernor of New! York, t the chosen : representative of 7,000,000 7 .' , of people, and that I am here in this matter solely In that j capacity 'and to -relieve if possible an : intolerable situ-v .vAvf" ation. And what is more; I Intend t0- v , use 'every power at my command '"to l lt"-:Goyernor- Odellinader . ' ment to' President 6aer, of 'the Read- .,! v v :ng Railroad, in the presence of United C ' ,; i states Senators Piatt, of New .YoMr and, Quay, and Penrose, of ' Pennsyl- . : i.; vania. - It was . the - culmination of.-, a V . rather heated interview in,, the office of r Senator Piatt and the result of -.the" " V : first meeting between Governor Odell . y and President Baer. Mn Baer was'not , ' in the best of humor when ascompa-i nied by E. :B. Thomas chairman of J ''i the board of directors; of the Erie-Rail- - " . road, he entered-Senator Piatt's, office, ; - -. The conference was begun by a state- ment made by Senator Penrose that . ,7'. ' - uie situation wa3 Becoming so serious .. .- .-u -.. that some solution must be; found at - , . once. He suggested that operators ; : should inclinf to some concessions to-. '.lS il" ward a settlement.: "If you mean by .'; ' r-':v; C that," said President Baer, "that we are to recognize the existence of a' la-, bor union, I tell you right now that the oporators will consider no i such proposition."' ' . :? Governor Odell was on his" feet 1 in ; an instant Holding a half burnt cigar. In his hand and white with excitement he said: - ' 1 - . ? - -. ' ' i "Are we to understand that.no kind of conciliatory proposition, will receive consideration at" the hands of the op erators?'' v - .. - . "I. did not say that," answered Mr. Baer, "but I do say, and I reiterate It, that we will not accept political advice or allow the interference of politicians in this, our affair." ; c . s Then it was that; Governor 'Odell made the statement "attributed to him: at the- beginning of this article. fr President Baer, evidently appreciat-: ng that he had gone too far, bowed to Governor Odell and said: , "Governor, I beg your pardon No personal affront was intended, and we will listen to any suggestion you may as represented by Mr. MitchelV'i "I believe," said the Governor,: "that your position from a public "vie w is ab solutely untenable. If coal oDerators. railroad men and other lousiness men can combine for mutual profit " and protection, there is no reason, why la- boring men should noV' .y ' fh "'What is the proposition T; asked &t$$if Mr. Baer, coldly. .-. ' .- ..- v " "'Just this,". said Governor Odell-rl ; , mm sure that the laoor organization, oi whicb Mr. Mitchell is head,;'de&ires.him 'f. to be fair with the general public. If ? the operators will consent to give tiie - men five cents a ton increase, I will personally present it to the miners and :i I believe they will accept Mt' It is ja" fair proposition. . - ' :)' ' 'f: "Does this-mean Governor -Odell that we are to recognize the miners' union?" Mr. Baer asked:i::':.cV:t':i "It certainly does,", answered '- Got- . , ernor Odell, quickly, "and there is.; no y-. reason why you: should not.".'; c vr Mr. Baer and Mr; Thomas rose to go, ...; . Mr. Thomas remarking that the mat- ; ; ter would be presented to the other op fi: erators and that an early answer would be forthcoming Mr. Baer said: "We are'to meet a committee of the Manu-v'" . i Eacturers' Association: on Tuesday and .-v we may have an answer then. ? ... .. - ,v . The conference broke up, MrJBaer ;j and Mr. Thomas with drawing.. Sena- ; ; . tors Piatt, Penrose and v Quay talked , ; . over Jtie matter' for a short timeand pien'they, too-," , separated,, the vso S Pennsylvanians announcing that : they. would go back to Harrisburg and dis-,' , cuss the situation" with Governor Stone. .; : ' ' Kill ;d By Explosfoa ; r j ?1 Y Anderson, S. . C, Special. As - a re; ' stilt of - the prcmatureexplosloifjof ta 15 dynamite charge at: Pourtman:SlpalaV"3 nine miles west of. this . place, Friday morning,; JamesjWhiteofl Norwich;;; Conn., foreman-Of ithe? quarry A; gang,-1 was instantly -killed, and three, negroes ; injured, one fatally.-White was an m- ploye of a construction - company of;: Palmer, Mass. - - - - : ' '5?S::;,;- " Farmers' Congress Adjourns.v ' Macon, X3a.,?.Spec1alThe Farmers National Congress held itsjfourth and last. session- Friday. It was the most Important day of-the ; conference. A persistent attempt was made -to in-j luce the congress to reconsider its ac'. tion of 1901 and endorse, the ship sub sidy bill.The delegates from the West '-.-iir'y re-em orcea Dy mose irom me ouutu, sustained the adverse" Report of the ronnnlttee on resolutions.: and the resolution -of . endorsement ' was 'laid ' on.Uie table .by an overwhelming ma-;v-"rV: Iority., Reciprocitywhere it will cp- large markets for farm products, ;was " ' : approved s 1 - rrv-r. . " Sunday Coal Trains. c . , , Durham, NC., Special. Major W; Ai0 Guthrie left for the .western, part, of A . - ' . thb' State to consult Governor A ycock ' x ,. " and obtain, irpossiblchis sanction for , Sunday coal trains to" be run in North v Carolina. He Js acting under" instruct, tions. from the legal department of tho ; Norfolk & Western road." .The "sole ob- - ject is said to beelief for-communities f , .7 ' and business interests now suffering on 7 acocunt of the coal famine. " , r-.-.--:C''t;,A-,- . .t- . --. ; .... 111 r - 1- s :i; - -

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