Indorsed By Every Craft In Charlotte and In The State - I I ■ ■■■■■ Will ‘ VOL. Vr NO 51 CHARLOTTE, N. C., FRIDAY, JULY 20, 1923 . t > Indo&fc&l Organ of ^ortn^frolina Farmers’ Union 5c COPY—$2 YEAft* MILLS PLANA WAGE-CUTTING FOR WORKERS Is the Information Coming To This Paper. SAVONA CLOSED I . _,_i Only Way the Workers Can Prevent Wage - Cutting is To Organize. Last spring, when the ten per cent increase was given the textile work ers of the Karolinas, those workers were informed by the organizers that the increase was just a little “sop” thrown out to the workers, because the re-organization campaign being conductd by the United Textile Workers of . America. The workers were also informed* that the ten per cent increase would be taken away from the workers before the Fall of the year, and more, too, unless the workers organized sufficiently to re sist such cuts in their wages. Some of the workers believed the organizers; others laughed at them. The organizers were not talking through their hats. One of the most powerful mill of ficials of Charlotte made the state ment last spring that this cut in wages was coming in the Fall, or be fore then. Savona mill closed down for a week, two weeks ago, for “repairs ' and a vacation.” Savona started up again last week. Savona closed again last Saturday v night. When the Savona opens up again it will be with the announcement of a cut in wages, according to the in formation coming to The- Herald. And that will be the start—only I - the beginning. 7 Other mills will follow shit. The workers at Savona, generally, have been the hardest to get, inter ested in the union. Of course, the^ll be the first to A.- the eatthntf-■gjjhpi. of the wage " slashing., ^ ! Some young ladies working at Savona became very angry with the organizrs, stating “they wanted noth ing to do with the union.” All right. Now let them have something to do with the wage slashing that other workers there say is coming when the mill starts up again. Some of the mills are sufficienlty organized to resist a wage-cut. Others are not,,so the workers in i those mills will have to take just (Continued on Page Two.) R. R. SHOPMEN TO CONTDWE STRIKE They Have Constitutional Guaran* tees That All the Daugherty* Cannot Remove. By International Lahqr Nswi Service. Washington, July 18.—Comment ing on the action of the United States District Court at Chicago making permanent the Daugherty in junction obtained against the rail road shopmen, President Samuel Gompers of the American Federation: of Labor said that th^j decision would have no influence cln the shopmen. Be continued: “The men with whom some of the ! railway companies have thus far re fused ot come.,to any agreement will continue to exercise the normal ac tivities guaranteed to them by the laws and constitution of our coun try. “These railroad executives will; as time goes on, appreciate more than < even they do now the difference be tween having the highly skilled me chanics whom they are victimizing and the amateur labor of the strike breakers whom they have herded. Let any one, any interested person make inquiry from the executives of the railroad companies who have come to an agreement with the railway shopmens’ unions, and they will have an appreciation of the tremendous ad vantages which have come to both management and men as a result of the agreements. “So far as Attorney General Daugherty is concerned, nothing else • could be expected from him than that h.e would follow the bent of his or iginally declared purpose to use all the power vested in him as the head of his department to establish what he called the ‘open shop.’ The fu ture, the very near future, wlli bring about the organization of the men and women of toil whether on the railroads or engaged in any other useful service in our Republic.” •. Mangos Johnson’s Election Was Not a Personal Victory—It Is A Victory of Progressiveness Over Old Reactionary Politicians—As Minne sota Feels, So,Feels the Nation—Wall Street’s Political Power is on the Wane, and This Gov ernment is Going Back Into the Hands of the People—Special Interests Frantic. Mangus Johnson defeated Govern or Preus, and goes' to the United States senate from Minnesota. A rock-ribbed republican state, with reactionaries like Knute Nelson and Kellog, representing that state for years, Minnesotaj now swings with the tide of time, and takes the lead in the progressive field. ! That election Monday was not a victory of Mangus Johnson over Governor Preus. It was a victory of Progressive pess over stand-patism. It was a victory for the common people over the select and self-appointed few. It is an indication of tremendous value. It is proof positive that America is to return to the ideal of a gov ernment of the people, by the people, and for the people. It means that ring rule in politics is in its%death struggle. It means that real American free dom is to be established here. It means the beginning of a reduc tion in the number of millionaires and in the number of poverty-strick7 en families. It means a new ideal in 1924—the election of real men instead of pro fessional politicians. ~ It can’t be done, you say? A few weeks ago many people were laughing at Mangus Johnson. Today it is United States Senator Mangus Johnson. It can be done. •, Arid that Minnesota spirit is the same as that found everywhere else. W|hat Minnesota did this week, the nation will do in 1924. COPPERHEAD BITES MR. T. W. MUNICH! T. WJ McKnight, of 409 .Park Avenue, was bitten on the hand by a coppr-head snake last Saturday af ternoon, and is recovering from the effects of the poison. Due to the quick thinking of mem bers of Mr. McKnight’s famliy, who bound the arm and stopped circula tion of the blood, and the quick arrival of Dr. Ray, Mr. McKnight es caped serious suffering from the snake bite. Mt. McKnight is a carpenter. He was preparing to do some work about his home during off hours Saturday afternoon. He had gone to the basement for some lumber, and it was while in the act of picking up a piece of plank the copper-head sank its flangs in the back of his right hand. The arpi is still swollen, and it will be several days before the pop ular carpenter can resume his work. TOM DUFFY REAPPOINTED. Colun^bus, Ohio, July 18—Thomas J. Duffy, former president of the Na tional Brotherhood of Operative Pot ters, has b6en. reappointed a mem ber of the state industrial commis sion by Governor Donabey. He has been continuously connected with the comission since 1911. HAVE YOU MADE PREPARATIONS YOUR FAMILY? Ten Dej^th Claims Have Al ready Been Paid to Families of Textile Workers. ■_I Up to last Saturday night, ten death claims had been paid by the death benefit department of the Upited Textile Wjorkers of America. The benefits did not go into effect until the second day of July. 'Ten families have been carried over the trying ordeal always accompanying death. Those who left loved ones these $500 checks had paid only one quarter’s premium, or $1.50 each. When is YOUR time coming, dear friend, to answer the last summons? You know not—and the ONLY way to be safe, is to be ready. What kind of a condiiton would your loved ones be in today, were you to be called “across the river?” ! Wouldn’t $500 be of untold value to your family? During the month of July all mem bers of the, United Textile Workers of America;*#'gqpd standing, andatt who become members during the month, can obtain membership in the death and disability fund for the_ payment of $1.50—and during this" month there is no age limit, and no doctor’s certificate required. j After this month, the age limit will be 55 years. W/e cannot urge you too strongly to take advantage of this oppor tunity. . Especially if you are 55 years of age and over, DO NOT WAIT AN OTHER MOMENT. See your own local secretary, or one of the organ izers, and get yourself in position to leave your family $500 at your death, or have it yourself if you should be come totally disabled to perform your work. It is too important for you to al low any delay to enter into the mat ter. DO IT NOW! OPEN MEETING FOR GAFFNEY Gaffney, S. C., July 18.—There will be another outdoor meeting held in Gaffney this Friday night at 8 o’clock. The meeting will be held at Martin & Wfestbrook’s store, near the Hamrick Mill. All working peo ple, and the public in general, are invited to hear the speakers at this meeting tell of the advances the workers have made in the textile in dustry in other sections of the coun try through organization. Harry Eatough and James F. Bar rett will be the speakers of the everting. Ivey’s New Store Will Be Erected by Union Men McDewitt and Fleming, contractors with headquarters at Chattanooga, Tenn., has been awarded the con tract for the erection of the big new store of Ivey’s, to be erected at the corner of North Tryon and Fifth street. This big contracting firm is at present doing work throughout the country, and enjoys an* excellent repr utation for doing both good work and doing it on time. R|cDevitt and Fleming are union ^contractors, and Charlotte mechanics are highly elated over the fact that a fair firm was awarded the contract for Ivey’s big store. A committee from the Central Labor Union has been busy for some time working to this end, and have met with hearty response on the part of officials of the Ivey company. J. U. Whitesides, president of the Central Labor Uinion, has been em ployed as-a foreman on the building. President Whiteside is positive that the Charlotte mechanics working on the building will clearly demonstate the fact that it is always good busi ness to employ real mechanics in stead of boll weevil mechanics. The Ivey building is to be one of the finest store buildings hf the en tire southland, and its erection will always be a monument to the f^ith that this big firm has in Charlotte and her progressive people. i 3,541 MINERS KILLED AND 136,755 INJURED 7 YEARS t ' -—• Let Critics of Miners Go Into These Dangerous Places for a While—As You Sit Before Warm Fire- This Venter, Remember the Big Army of Maimed and Killed, Who Gave Their Lives or Limbs for You. By International Labor News Service. Washington, July 18.—Anthracite coal mining is jonfe of the most dan gerous occupations in the country. This fact seems to be forgotten by tlfose folk who do no more danger ous work than to sit behind u rolltop desk and look wise yet who denounce the miner for asking higher wages and better working conditions. President Lewis recently pointed out th^t the miners daily undergo dangers of which the average person has no conception. That his state ment on the perils of mining did not exaggerate thei situation in the least is admitetd bi authorities on coaf' mining. | I Every year lone mine worker 'in 270 is kiliea land one in seven is injured. Hilrrtar Stephen Raushep bush, of the Bureau of Industrial Re search, says in his new book on “The Anthracite Question.” He gives the following table of accidents in re cent years: Year 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 ! Fatal _i___ 592 _602 --626 _664 -512 __545 Total_r.__3,641 Non-Fatal 25,610 25,322 22,268 20,508 21,659 21,387 136,755 “The extent to which this annual ALLENtOMMENDS JOINT COUNCIL FOR ITS EFFORTS Cannot Attend Meet, Because of Previous Date—Urges Tex \ tile Workers’ Education. Much to the regret of the workers of this section, Superintendent of Public Instruction, A.^T. Allen, is unable to attend the meeting of Joint Council of Textile Workers of the Carolinas to be held on the last Saturday in this month, at Moores ville. At the last meeting df the Council, held in Belmont, it was unanimously adopted to invite Supt. Allen to attend the next meeting, and seek his assistance in righting a grevious wrong that has long pre vailed in this" state. The Joint Council is deeply inter ested in fact that but few children from the homes of the textile work ers ever finish high school. It is to change this condition, to bring abou^ more wholesome conditions under which the boys and girls in the homes of the textile workers will at least finish the high school course of study. Superintendent Allen is deeply in terested in the proposition, however, and wrote a splendid letter to the president of the Joint Council. It is hoped to have him with the council at a later date. There will be some noted visitors at the meeting in Mooresville, however, and a large crowd is expected to attend. Following is the letter received from Superintendent Allen: “Mjr. James F. Barrett, “Charlotte, N. C. * “My dear Mr. Barrett: “Thife is to acknowledge your most courteous invitation of July' 9th to meet with you in Mooresville on July 28. " • “Upon consulting my engage ments, I find that it will be impos sible for me to^be in Mooresville at that time, as I will be in the extreme Eastern part of the State. “I want to thank you for your invi tation, and to express my gratifica tion'at the fact that you are urging the textile workers to keep their children in school until they have at least finished the high school. I want to endorse and commend your efforts in this direction. The State should not think of slackening in any way its educational program until high school facilities are within the' reach of every child in its borders. “I am, yours very sincerely, “A. T. ALLEN, casualty list is due to the inability to secure capita* for safety improve ments, or due to the lack of desire to install them is a fit topic for per manent report by some ^competent authority,” says Mr. Raushenbush. Though Mr. Raushenbush express es doubt as to what has been re sponsible for the failure to install safety improvements he indicates in a paragraph which follows that “lack of desire” is the real reason. Hte says: “The history of mining laws, pro viding mainly-for safeguards ahd in spection, shows that each advance .was made only as the consequence of [a new horrible disaster, and that each bill was fougnt consistently by the coal companies. The coal companies still oppose more stringent safety legislation; and the old legislation, the miners assert, is a~ dead letter wherever the un'ion does not exist to enforce it.” HIGH POINT MEN BATHING C. OF C. FOR TAX MONEY Hope To Have Law Declare^ Unconstitutional Entire State in Danger. Grover A. Kqrr, of High Point, president of the State Carpenters’ Council, and one of the most active trade unionists of the state, is send ing a letter to all the locals of the state asking financial and moral as sistance in defeating the plan to have the tax monies of the cities given to the Chamber of Commerce. The (Continued on Page Two.) GREENSBORO READY FOR BIG MEETING Plans About Complete for Important Gathering of the North Carolina Federation of Labor. Greensboro, July 18.—The Greens boro Central Labor Union held a most interesting meeting last Tues day evening, at which time the com mittee on arrangements for the State Federation of Labor convention made reports, officers elected for the Central body and installed, and an address by James F. Barrett, editor of The Charlotte Herald. While the committee on arrange ments for state meetings has not- per fected the program in its entirety, practically eventhing is ready for the opening day, August 13. Hon: B. T. Ward will deliver the address cf wel come to the visiting delegates on be half of the city of Greensboro, and James F. Barrett will respond to the welcome speech on behalf of the visi tors. C. J. Lockridge, president of the Central Labor Union, will open the convention, and after the formal ities of the occasion, the meeting will be turned over to the state president, James M. Ellis, of Spencer. The sessions. will be held in the auditorium of the Spring Street school building, and it is an ideal place for the convention. The en tertainment features are all arrang ed, and the Greensboro boys are con fident that all who attend the con vention will agree that the committee has been doing some real work. G. A. Kerr, president of the State Council of Carpenters, was present, and installed the newly-elected offi cers, as follows: President, C. J. Lochridge, of the printers; vice president, J. L. Fox, of the carpenters; financial secretary,, A. F. Smothers, of th^ plumbers; re cording secretary, J. B. Jackson, of the railway clerks; treasurer, C. B. Honeycutt, of the painters;, warden, Wi B. Frizell, of the plumbers; trus tees, H'. F. AJlred, J. H- Henley and J. H. Fogleman. JUST TWENTY YEARS TO SEE LIGHT OF DAY }■ __ ' Socialist Party Finally Accepts A. F. of L.’s Policy. GOMPERS RIGHT N|on-Partisan Participation in Elections Proven Best Courqp For Labor to Pursue. The Socialist party has made a complete about-face from its attacks on the A. F. of L. non-partisan po litical policy. It now acknowledges that the trade unions are not interested in r. nation al labor party. r For years the Socialist party has condemned the A. F. of L. and its officials because of thej trade union political non-partisan policy. Pres ident Gompers, especially, has been the target for charges df all descrip tions. No other man in the Ameri can labor movement has been so bit terly assailed. The attempts of the Socialist party" to force a change of viewpoir. in the unions has brought more dissension and hard feeling in the ranks of the workers than any other issue. The Socialist party’s new position is the result of a refusal to attend a convention called by the farmer labor party in Chicago the first week in July. In declining the invitation, the Socilist party referred the mat ter to a committee, which wrote the farmer-laborites: “Is there any reason to believe that a sufficient number of powerful na tional and international unions favor independent political action at the present time? We wish that we could answer this question in the affirmative. Candor compels us to admit that, while tkfe& are evideHges of widespread dis$fc|itent with the parties of capitalism within the ranks of organized labor; comparatively ; M the great trad* unions are yet ready to teke launching a working-class party on a (Continued on Page Two.) CARPENTERS HEAR REV. T. P. JIMISON Joint Installation of Officers Brings All Carpenters Together for An Evening. Last Thursday evening was a great hour in the organization of the carpenters of Charlotte, the three Charlotte locals holding a joint in stallation of officers, and hearing a wondrerful address by Rev. Toni P. Jimison of Spencer. Wfn. G. Mor gan, business manager of The Her ald, installed the officers, and made a splndid talk to the carpenters. The locals of the carpentres in Charlotte are growing—all three of them, and the joint installation of officers, with > the good addresses heard, gave much encouragement to the men who build Charlotte. Mr. Jimison talked on organiza tion, and what a member of an or ganization should do for his union. He scored, as only Tom Jimison can score, the man who takes the advan tages to be gaind through an organ ization, and will not do anything in return for the organization that is feeding him. 'Throughout the par son’s address applause greeted his points, as he drove them home in his peculiar, forceful style. CHARLOTTE MAN IS MURDERED IN. MISS. Monroe Whittington, formerly of Charlotte, was shot and instantly killed by Griffin Johnson, at Crystal Springs, Miss. The mother, and a brother, Gj W] Whittington, live in Charlotte now. According to advices received by the mother and brother, Griffin Johnson and others came to Monroe Whittington’s home, while under the influence of whiskey. Whittington ordered them away from his house, whereupon Johnson knocked Whit tington down and shot him before he could arise. i Mbnroe Whittington was an over seas boy. He was gassed while in France, arid spent some time at the Oteen gqvernment hospital. He married a nurse, an Asheville girl, and had movde to a small farm in Mississippi. He was a splendid young man,''sober and industrious. HJe leaves the young widow arid one baby girl. FEDERATION HAS DONE BIG WORK IN N. C. Asheville Paper Tells of the Body's Accomplishments. ALL IN FUTURE No Chance for Real Progress Until the Dominant Trades Are Organized. - , The Asheville Advocate had a, splendid write-up of the past accom plishments of the North Caroling Federation of Labor in its last issue. It is a great recond, that of the State Federation of Labor. It is to be regretted, however, that The Advocate did not complete the splendid article by telling of the Federation’s opportunities to do the big things in the future it has been unable to do in the past. In this way The Advocate could have pointed out to the Federation a great program of construction work. There can be no really effective state organization of labor until the dominant industries are organized. In their order, they follow; The textile workers. Common labor. . The tobacco workers. The furniture workers. * ' Upon the pay, hours of labor and working conditions of these groups, depend entirely and absolutley the pay, hours of labor apd working con ditions of every other craft and call ing in the state. There are two great "asons why the State Federation of j_,abrtr musf lend its full assistance to those groups, before there can be any real advance made for the highly skilled crafts. The first reason is a matter of h»man, heart and soul interest. The second reason is based on eco nomic fact. ' i V a. An organization of laboring men not deeply interest the “under tl#**?*** ; . worked group, group of laborers, is <" pot living up to the spirit, of the labor movement. So long as the cries of those suffering most from economic ills and disadvantages go unheeded by a labor organization it is impossible for the workers of the most highly skilled crafts to get all that; is coming to them, either in wages, working ^conditions or in sat isfaction of accomplishments. The skilled workman who cares nothing about the conditions of those who are underpaid and overworked, places himself in the same class with the autocratic employer who does not (Continued on Page Two.) WOMEN WORKERS ~ MEET OLD CASTLE Nothing Show* More Clearly Tread of Times—King’s Palace Conven tion Hall, Now. 2y International Labor News Service. Washington, D. C., July 18.—Per haps nothing shows better the change that the war brought to Eu rope than the announcement' that the International Federation of Working Women will hold its bien nial congress beginning August 14 at Vienna in the Schonbrun Castle, the summer residence of the late Emperor Franz Joseph. One of the most autocratic and reactionary of 'modern monarchs, Franz Joseph would doubtless turn over in his grave if he knew that working women from thirty countris —cap makers, laundresses, glove and garment workers—would meet in the place once sacred to “blue-blooded” parasites who never did a stroke^of useful work in their lives. Franz Joseph would very likely be still more disturbed if he knew that the working wom,en would discuss peace, which his militaristic govern ment hated so bitterly. In addition to reports on women’s work for peace, there will be a report on in ternational labor organization, as well as discussions on women’s trade unions, regulation of the wage of wo men workers, the problem of per suading women to take a greater in terest in unions, and of family al lowances in addition to wages, Each trade union center is permitted to send five delegates for the first 50, 000 women members and one addi tional delegates for each additional 50,000 members. The purpose of the federation is to unite organized working women for the planning of a program for raising the standard of life for wo men workers throughout the world.

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