Indorsed By Every Craft In Charlotte and In The State The Charlotte Herald PErii VOL. VI. NQ. 6 CHARLOTTE, N. C., FRIDAY, SEPT. 7,1923 sc copy—42 - - ' ; Would Be O. K. As Manufac l turer, Say* Jimison. The true facts "Satisfaction,” Like Haggard Wants, Is Dangerous—Means 'Stagnation and Decay. (By Tom P. Jimi*on.) ; The writer of these columns has no desire to give Brother Haggard, the evangelist,, any free advertising. Shit when I find a funny thing like a white • crow, a feathered cat, or a hair-lipped rooster, I just naturally c|ave to held it up and show it off. Njow Evangelist Haggard, who re cently held such a good meeting in Cjpamerton, and who tried so hard to h^lp “satisfy” the hands, isn’t queer save as a preacher. He would not be ftj}hny as a manufacturer, and he sftonld probably make a mule get up and hump in a cotton patch, provid ed of course that he did not have a more excellent way of bringing in ttje bacon. But as a preacher he is downright amusing. In his valedic tory address to the saints in the mill vfitage of Cramerton he opined that northern manufacturers were coming South, “to get the advantage of good satisfied people to work for tgem as well as our splendid resour ces. They know a good thing when t^ey see it. God bless them, 16t them cbmt, and you people continue to render satisfactory labor as you have always done and you are going to be the winners. They are running from strikes and infidelity.” Now the first part 6f this exhort $g*B statement is the literal and exact l*l|th. Hie men who come here from the Nert^ to go Into the textile man-' splendid resources and because they tan get “good satisfied people to work for them.” It is known far find wide that the textile worker of ' the south is a better producer than the textile worker of the north. The southern worker is a native. He lives among his own people. H,is neigh bors are of the same stock, have the dame faith, speak the same tongue as himself. He hears no foreign chat ter and he listens' to no foreign doc trines. He 3oes not know what bol shevism or communism mean. He sometimes wonders why his pay en velope is so lean. But generally speaking he is satisfied. v; ’ Afnd yet ho one should know better than . Haggard that {satisfaction is dangerous. It means stagnation and decay. It is the ambitious and aspiring soul that climbs to dizzy and lonely heights. It is discontent among, the masses that causes the whole creation to groan and travail until a new day. is born, a new move ment is brought forth, and a .faster freedom is established. Discontent is a divine thing. What progress the race has made thus far has been be cause of dissatisfaction among the multitudes. The man who preaches a gospel of satisfaction and content ment is simply a prophet of despair. It may be profitable to himself, but it is as an opiate in its influence upon the people. Hazard probably lifted a good collection from the brethren over at Cramerton. In fact the Gas tonia'Gazette suggested in an edito rial that it Would pay the mill owners to hire him and keep him in Gaston county, not for the spiritual (save the mark) good -he could do, but for the great service he could be to them in keeping their hands satisfied. But according to the standards of the New Testament he did less than no goojjl at all for those to whom he preachfd. Jesus and Peter and James and Paul got into trouble be cause they “stipred up the people.” Judas alone believed in the status quo, thought it wise to stay on good terms with the-mighty and help them keep the hands saitsfted. But the amusing, thing about Hag gard’s‘harrangue is his pronounce ment that the manufacturers of the North are Running from infidelity. The preachers of this country have' been bombarded with bull and blust er from. Elbert Gary, and others of his stripe for a decade anent the in fidelity which is rampant in the coun try. Judge Gary never fails to de fend the >jgible. He and his ilk are Vbrbal jugglery save a few little in tellectual tomtits who think to curry favor with the plutocracy by viewing with afarm the tidal wave of infidel ity which is sweeping the country black into chaos and night. As a matter of fact the manufacturers are ho more interested in orthodoxy than the average politician is interested (Continued on Page Two.) Kirkpatrick’s Plan Would Give North Carolina Real Ry. System It doesn’t matter a continental kitty what one may think of Col. T. L. Kirkpatrick as a man, a lawyer, or a citizen, all must agree that he has vision, that he is deeply interested in Njorth Carolina, and that he has the courage to point out the way that the state may progress, regard less of whose personal interests may be touched, or,what corporation may suffer loss of business thereby. In other words, Col. Kirkpatrick believes in side-tracking everything else to the common good of the state. The following program, outlined by him, would give to North Carolina a railway system that would place this state in its rightful place where the citizens could be served as they should be served. Read the following, program, as outlined by Col. T. L. Kirkpatrick, and if you know a better way, tell it to the public. If you approve this plan, tell Col. Kirkpatrick so, or ex press your views through this and other city and state papers. Col. Kirkpatrick’s Plan. First: Let the State of North Carolina exercise its rights, and through the corporation commission and governor prosecute its suit and take the Cape Fear & Yadkin Rail road aiapy«irom the A. C. L. and Southern and restore it to the state, and extend the line from Fayette ville, its present terminus, to Wil mington. ^Second: Encourage and induce the Norfolk and Western to extend its line from a point just beyond Boone, where it now stops, by way of Boone, Lenoir, Hickory, Lincolnton, Mount Holly and Charlotte and on to Wil mington, if it so desires. Third: Take the state convicts in the penitentiary, and begin at Ruth erfordton and grade and build a track from Rutherfordton on into Asheville, and then lease same to the Seaboard; after this is done require the Seaboard to put on first-class passenger service with Pullman cars and diners thereto attached from Asheville to Wilmington; require the Seaboard to Ax up its road bed so that perfect service can be given, to passenger and freight transportation. Fourth: Use the state’s influence to have the Clinchfield &• Ohio Rail road turned over to the Seaboard. Fifth: Build state-owned termi nals and wharves at Wilmington, and secure sufficient federal aid fund to giye to North Carolina a port through which our own agricultural, indus trial, mining and manufactured pro ducts can be shipped to all parts of the world In.order that we may com pete with Charleston and Norfolk and other points. * When the above is done, we will have a complete and rapid transpor tation system, both by highways or paved roads, steam roads and water ways. People Paying Tribute To the Big Book Trust Money, the Sire and Dam of All Social and Economic Ills, Fastening Around News of School Children. (By Dr. H* Q- Alexander.) The schools are opening today and the people are called oh to pay .the ammlfFsubwdy to the twenty million' dollar book trust. We know one country merchant who has put in a thousand dollars’ worth of public school books, and he doesn’t handle any books above the seventh grade. There are many heads of families who will have to pay out more for books this year than their total taxes amounted to 25 years ago. And the schools were all well sup; plied with books when they closed last spring. There is not a home that has furnished school children for the last several years in which one can not find dozens and dozens of school books; and books with just as good subject matter as the new adop tions. In fact, many books have been discarded that were better than those adopted; but the schools, like all other institutions, must be made to serve the trusts. There are no other reasons why school books should be changed every few years. Mathematics is an exact science; orthography has made few changes in a half century; we boys who were good spellers 45 years ago when the old 10 cent “Blueback” was THE BOOK, have not had to re vise our equipment other than to take on a few new words like “chauf feur” and “normalcy;” and good grammar a generation ago is still good grammar. The sounds of let ters are the same and punctuation marks have not been changed; and emphasis and inflection were not lost sight of 40 years ago. They are ob served today only by the “rooters” for the ball teams. And good read ers among school children today are the exception rather than the rule. Every department of government and all institutions are commercial ized and made to serve and promote BIG BUSINESS, INTERESTS. The people are ruled and robbed by the TRUSTS, which cover everything on earth; they are now preparing to monopolize the air above the earth. But our leaders of church'and state are silent, afraid to attack the money devil, which is the site and dam of all the social and* economic devils that are destroying civilization. / The people had better wake up be fore the chains are riveted on their necks. The only way to save civili zation is to destroy monopoly, be ginning with the monopoly of money and credit; and this can only be done through co-operation of all the working classes at the ballot box. WAGE INCREASES STOP. Albarty, N. Y., Sept. 5.—Increases in wage rates for factory workers have practically ceased for the pres ent in this state, reports the New York state department of labor. It is stated that “adjustments may be necessary in paricular industries or localities because increases are never uniform,” but general increas es are not probable in the near fu ture. i' -- ■ ■ NOTHING IN THE PAPERS ABOUT THIS VIOLENCE Had Labor Committed Such Crimes Scare Headlines Would Have Told ■ • the Tale* By International Labor Naw« Sarvlc*. Holland, Mich., Sept. 5.—Anti unionist* have resorted to brute force in an Attempt to stop the or ganization of molders in Holland. Their efforts have failed and .the union men are vigorously pushing organisation work. The resort fo violence followed a campaign by the International Mold ed* Ujnion to organize two plants operated by the Holland Furnace company., The larger of the two is in Holland and employs 120 molders, while the other is in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and employs some 40 men. Organizing work made rapid prog ress in Cedar Rapids and the shop was unionized Several weeks ago. The men asked for the eight-hour day, and improvement in working conditions. As the firm refused to grant any of the demands but dis charged several molders because of their union membership, a strike was declared. This led to the concentration of organization efforts in Holland and Organizer Arthur R. Burns was placed in charge, assisted by Charles Lake, who was working in the West ern Foundry company of Holland. The general manager of the Holland Furnace company is also a stock holder in the Western Foundry, which doubtless was responsible for the discharge of several molders at the Western plant who had joined the union. As a result, a strike was called at the plant late in July. Union Men Attacked. It was soon evident that the em ployers were plotting mischief. They made the first violent move on the evening of August 2, when two au tomobiles filled with non-union mold ers from the Holland Furnace com pany drove up to the house where Lake had been staying. People in the house felt that the men were planning trouble and they notified Organizer Burns, who took Lake to his room in the Holland House, sit uated on the principal business street. Soon afterward groups of men gathered in front of the Holland house. Three' men finally entered the hotel and told burns they want ed to see him outside. Burns went to his room, where Lake was con cealed, and barricaded his door. Meanwhile, non-union molders con tinued to gather in front of the hotel and were seen talking with two pdlicemen, who made no. effort to disperse them. Lake's son, 18, approached the ho (Continued on Page Two.) LABOR DAY AT LAKEWOOD IS BIG SUCCESS Coje L. Biease Given Tremen dous Ovation by Crowd. MANY EVENTS Judge Harding Delivers Splen did Address-—Lawyer Redd Introduced Gov. Blease. Taking into consideration the fact' that several manufacturing establish ments and many stores and business houses failed to close for Labor Day, combined with the further fact that some pf the; industries provided amusements for their workers for the sole purpose of keeping those workers away from Lakewood, the Labor Day celebration at Lakewood was a great success. Some workers, among that element noted for its bigotry and special qualities for ape ing “society” lolks, detracted from the day’s success by failing to take part in the celebration. For all such workers'of this kind, however, there were lawyers, merchants, doctors and others to more than overbalance the absence of this group of workers. Ex-Governor Cole L. Blease, of South Carolina, was the principal speaker of the day. He delighted the hundreds who had come to hear him. Time and time again the ap plause greeting his straight-from-the shdulder statements caused the South Carolinian to have to stop until his voice could be heard. Governor Blease was accompanied to Char lotte by his charming wife, who shar ed with her distinguished husband the cordial welcome given by the Char lotte folks. ; > Governor Blpase was introduced by Hon. F. Marion Redd, of the Charlotte bar. $ Mr. Redd made an exceptionally appropriate speech of introduction, indwhich he told of the origin and of Labor Day. A}t the conclusion *t>f Governor i Blease’s address Hon. W. F. Harding, judge of Superior court, spoke to "the workers and visitors, and made many friends in his short but thoroughly enjoyed speech. Not only did Judge Harding make personal friends, but caused many men to have a newer and higher respects for the court. As some of the workers *were heard to remark after the meeting: “That judge is a better preacher than lots of regular ministers I have heard.” Judge Harding’s appeal to the men and women was for a greater trust in God, a bigger, stronger faith in Him and in their fellow men. “Wealth is but an instrument in the hands of men, to be used for the glory of God,” was ona of the beautiful thoughts given by Judge Harding. T. F. McNally was master of cere monies, being chairman of the Cen tral Labor Union’s Labor Day com mittee. Mr. McNally is a close per sonal friend of Governor Blease, and on more than one occasion Mr. Blease referred to Mt. McNally in his ad dress. The Maiden Military band furnish ed music throughout the day, and added much to the enjoymnt of the occasion. The athletic contests, a boxing bout and dancing, swimming, boating and fishing, were other features of the program. Manager W. S. Orr of Lakewood worked like a Trojan for the success of the day, and when the races were lagging for lack of entrants, Manager Orr walked into the fray and won the 200-yard men’s race over a man 20 years younger than the genial park manager. Many visitors were present from surrounding citiies, and all took an active part in the day’s program. It is hoped by the Central Labor Union that Labor Day 1924 will find the merchants of Charlotte closing their doors and with their employes enter ing into the observance of the only day in the year set aside for th6 very people that make business good here the year ’round. It is also hoped that all manufacturing plants will close next Labor Day, and it is also hoped, and this most sincerely, that all the Workers of Charlotte who live on their wages, and whose wages have been increased through the efforts and influence of the organized labor movement, will be in line and assist in the proper observance of the day. The success of last Monday is due largely to a very few men who work ed faithfully and well. Chairman Mc Njally makes especial mention of the following who labored faithfully prior to and all through Labor Day: R. L. Lyles, J. N. McKnight, V. F. McLean, E. F. Snakenburg, Mr. Neese, Claude Albea, J. W. Estridge, J. U. Whitesides, J. P. Jernegan, C. G. Myers. The awards of prizes in the ath (Continued on Page Two.) By Internatlontl Labef,TIUM Servica. Central City, Ky.j Sept. 5.—Brand ing the Ku Klux Klan as a menace to organized labor, Lonnie Jackson, mayor of Central City, and president of District No. 23, United Mine Work ers of America, recently made an at tack on the Klan that is meeting with enthusiastic approval from friends of freedom and fair play. Though Mayor Jackson has no sympathy for the. Klan, he made it clear that he stands for the rights guaranteed every citizen by the United States Constitution. He de clared that he believed in free speech and free assemblage and would not prohibit Klan gatherings as long as no masks were worn. He said in his statement: “I have been requested by a num ber of citizens of Central City to pro hibit the Ku Klux Klan from holding a meeting in our city. As mayor of Central City. I will make no attempt to stop a meeting, where the law is not being violated- However, I will permit no meeting where men wear masks in order to transact their bus iness, if I can in any way prevent it. I believe in free speech and free as semblage, and I am going to exercise the right of free speech not to con demn the Ku Klux Klan with all the force at my command. Klan Should Act in Open. “The Ku Klux Klan comes wrap ped in the American flag, as it were, advocating the American principles openly, with a Bible in its hand, and the very next day they are passing their neighbors with a mask over their faces. My conception of the funda mental principles of Americanism is that a man should have nothing to be ashamed of. Be should approach his fellow citizens under the glare of tile midday sun, with a head thrown back and his chest expanded. He should be proud of the American traditions. He should not be ashamed of its principles. “Any man who stands for law and order, it is not necessary for him to disguise himself and hide his face from his fellow me^T If he is preach ing or gtaiMijSng religion that Jesus ChristlftUjrttt, he should not be ashamed and cover up his faee. Jesus Christ said that ‘He who is ashamed of me before man, I will be ashamed of him before my Father who is in heaven.’ “Ais president of the United Mine Workers of America, District No. 23. I condemn the Ku Klux Klan, as it will have a tendency to destroy our organization, as our membership is composed of Methodists, Baptists Catholics, negroes, Jews and many other nationalities. It is reasonable to believe that if we engaged in a re ligious fight it would destroy our or ganization. The international consti tution of the United Mine Workers of America provides that none of its members shall become members of the Ku Klux Klan without forfeiting their membership in the United Mine Workers of America. Would Expel Miners Who Join. “I was a member of the constitu tion committee and helped put this clause in the constitution. I am going to stand by the constitution of the United Mine Workers and will make an effort to have every man—mem bers of the United Mine Workers— who joins the Ku Klux Klan expelled, according to our laws. . - “I know it will be argued by sup porters of the KJan that when you tell the American people they cannot do something, then is the time they are going to do it, but the American people have always been told that they cannot do the thing that is wrong, and may the time never come when |ome American will not have the courage<*o tell any man he cannot do the thing that is wrong. “I realize that if a man wishes to defend the Ku Klux Klan, he will have a right to do so. Furthermore, I be lieve if a man condemns them, he also has the same privilege. I am con vinced they are a menace to the American principles, to society, to organized labor and the advancement of Christianity; therefore, I would be a moral coward not to Condemn the tactics of this klan and I will do so until I am con vinced I am wrong, or unless I am stopped by mob violence, as I do not intend to be stopped in a or a man to man proposition®^ Altoona Folks Are Disgusted With Negroes PENNSY HAVING LOTS OF TROUBLE WITH BLACK MEN One Runs Amuck, Killing Two Officers; Seriously Wound ing Qthei^s-—I Killed in the Fight. (Special to The Herald.) Johnstown, Pa., Sept. 4.—^County Detective John A. James of 601 Somerset street; Special Officer Jo seph Abraham of 1264 Franklin street and Robert Young, a negro employe of the Bethlehem Steel company, who resided at a negro bearding house at 420 HJnckston avenue, Rosedale, were killed in a gun battle in the Fourteenth ward last week. At Memorial hospital Captain of Police Otto Fink, Lieutenant Wil liam Bender and Officer John Grach an are in a serious condition as the result of revolver wounds incurred during the shooting affray. Captain Fink's condition is critical and he may not live. Lieutenant Bender also was said to be seriously injured with little chances held out for either of the two men’s recovery. Officer Grachan, shot through the right side, also is in a Critical condition.. Robert Young, the negro, lay dead in a backyard of a negro residence on Hinckston avenue early the morn ing of the trouble, after he had start ed a gun battle that ended in the losing of the lives of the two offi cers and his own. Young, known to Rosedale’s negro settlement as Bob “Yunk,” ran amuck after drinking moonshine liquor. Residents of the neighbor hood said that he had been in an ugly temper for the last week be cause his wife desert'ed him and was running around with other negroes in nightly revels. The trouble started when Young, frenzied by drink, produced a revolt ver and began shooting. He was standing in the doorway of the board ing house, firing the gun into the air and along the street when Officer (Continued on Page Two.) “Shine” Street Shining With Soul-Besmirched Harlots — Land on Landlord* Rent ing to Them. (Altoona (Pa.) Leader) ■ Leader readers are doubtless fa miliar with the wholesale arrests made in “Shine” street a couple of nights ago when 142 negroes were scooped up in the police dragnet. Less than half those arrests were able to give satisfactory explana tion of their presence in the colony and were released. Others were dealt out the penalties of the law or are held for future disposition. The bunch of soul besmirched har lots who have infested that district should not be permitted to remain in the city any longer than they can pack up their baggage and get out. A valid excuse for the presence of a lot of the colored men might be trumped up but there is absolutely no excuse for the presence of the “soiled blackbirds.” Back of it all, however, is some thing that should attract the inter est of the decent people of Altoona more than the arrest and conviction of these poor benighted j>eople. The men who own the houses in which they live know as well as they are living foV what purpose the houses have been leased to those people. Landlords Amenable to Law. They are amenable to the law and the ends of justice will never be met until the dilatory and neglectful con stable of the ward in which the houses are located brings criminal prosecu tions against the owners. It is an indictable offense to lease a house, room or building for purposes of pros titution. Heavy fines and improsin ment can-be levied against such own ers or lessors of property. Why has not the constable acted? It he blind? Does he not know wh«t has been going on? Can he not read? Or has he been cognizant of the doings there and is afraid to act? Has influence been brought to bear to keep him from bringing action? Likely the owners of those miserable shacks receive a fictitious rental for them. They could not get anything worth while for any other purpose. It makes no difference who they are, a prosecution would put a stop to it. ; But that is not all. Where is the state fire marshal? It is the duty of our friend Gilbert Greenburg of Huntingdon, an employe of the state, (Continued on Page Two.) UNDERFIRE PRESS OF ALABAM SAYS HE’S NOT IN THE RACE. CANT GET LABOR Therefore His Candidacy h Dead as the Dickens—Booze and Wall Street Kill' ed Him. T; . ‘ ' In view of the fact that Senator Oscar Underwood is coming to Charlotte, and will speak here and in other cities of the state, as tut avowed candidate for president on the democratic ticket, having thrown his hat into the ring several weeks ago, The Herald is re-publishing herewith editorials appearing in the Alabama papers, showing that Ata* bama is hot for Underwood, It Will be recalled that The Herald a$k$d the people of North Carolina to wait until the real Alabama canid be heard from, before forming the opih« ion that Alabama is for Oscar. This paper knows Alabama pretty well, and is in close touch with many citi zens of that state at all times. The Herald knew that Alabama did not start the boom for Mr. Underwood Just read here what the papers , of Alabama say about Mr. Underwood’s candidacy: DEMOCRATS CAN’T WIN WITH OUT LABOR AND LABOR IS , AGAINST UNDERWOOD. The knowing and thinking men of the Democratic party who are today casting about for a candidate to lead tne party in the coming presi dential election and who are analyz ing our Democratic strength are be ginning to realize and acknowledge that Underwood can’t win if nomi nated* The. par^y naA of iibor m past presidential «___ The Democratic pahty has woii and only won in presidential elections when it received the support of labor, apd no inducement to labor or platform can be adopted that can Or will secure the Support of labor with Underwood as the ’ candidate. Labor is against Underwood, ho in ducement or platform or pledges can or will induce theta to vote the Dem ocratic ticket with Undefwopd iU our standard bearer. Labor is imittor able, pronounced and unshakable in the opOsition to Underwood and the Democratic party cannot carry and has never carried a single ..doubtful state without the support of labor ih a presidential election, andT'tnore than this many of the states- that are today classed as solidly Demo cratic, without the support of labor will long before the election be placed in the doubtful list. Labor will fight Underwood to a finish, with these in disputable facts staring us in„„the face. Why, yes, echo answer* ■?rwhy’’ from the four corners of th$ govern ment does the Democratic partyf or at least a goodly number ; of the Democratic party, the party of, the people, delude themselves iiite think ing that Underwood can be'crammed down the throat of lab6r,' the very man that labor classes as their GREATEST ARCH ENEMY Jn the party of this union.—Jasper llagle. NOTHING TO HIM. The editor of The Courier was ifi Montgomery last week when the Os car Underwood Vboom” for the pres idency was launched. It was hailed in the state press as a spontaneous outburst of enthusiasm for Alabama.’* statesman, but to our observation it bore the marks of a carefully pre pared, cut and dried effort of poli ticians. We heard Mr. Underwood's so-called great speech, but we never heard one by a man of national prom inence so lacking in qualities to in spire emotion or arouse enthusiasm. There was nowhere in it a Word tb appeal to the higher sentiments of his hearers.—Fairhope Courier. •-r UNDERWOOD, SMITH AND BOOZE It il currently reported and, riot denied that there is a combination made betwen the Undefwpod and' the forces of Governor A1 Smith, of New York, in order thai with their combined strength, they would be able to control the next Demo cratic convention and nominate eith er one or both of them, ^Underwood is a WET Democrat and is amember of the Episcopal Church, Governor Al Smith is a WET Democrat and a .member of the Catholic Church.-—. Mountain Eagle. / NEXT LOAD OF POtES. ? Advance, Phil Painter’s spirited hebdomadal publication, is again (Continued on Page Two.)

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