CHARLOTTE, N. C., TODAY, SEPT. 21, 1923 Indorsed By IfHt Craft In Charlotte end In The State VOL. VI. NQ.S =3= I INJUSTICE IS AN AGITATOR WITH A KICK * “He Who Take* My Wage Takes My Living,*’ SAYS MINISTER He Who Takes My Wife and Children to Work, Takes My ftome. Lexington, N. C., Sept. 18.—Rev. Raymond A. Smith preached a ser mon here iji the Erlanger Methodist church Labor Sunday that should be published to the whole world. Your correspondent was unable to secure the sermon in its entirety, as* this young, courageous minister preach es from his very heart and soul in stead of reading writien sermons. Yet this smell portion of the sermon your correspondent is able to obtain would fill volumes, as compared with other writings and sayings. Rev. • Mir. Smith took for his text: » “Yet bow our flesh U as the flesh of our brtthrea, our children as their children: and, to, we bring into bond I age our song and our daughters to be servants, and some of out daughters I are brought into bondage already; neither is it in our power to help it; for other men have our fluids and onr vineyards.*’—Nehemiah 5:5: , ~ . “It is an interesting thing to conr trash this chaptfer with the one pre mss people engaged in the common task of rebuilding their city under im mense difficulties. The way they worked has furnished themes for ser mons on work for time immemorial. But when we get into the fifth chap ter we see that something' has hap pened which has knocked the spirit out of the workers and they are on the verge of open revolt. They come to Nehemiah with the trouble. What is it?* It is the old story of injustice. Of (ourse, Nehemiah might have called them ‘’agitators’’ and told them to go on about their business, but he didn’t. He said, “I was very • angry when I heard thbir cry.” As far back as that was Nehemiah has learned | lesson which a great many people today haven't Jret learned— that the only real agitator is Injustice and that there can be no Peace with out Justice. . “So Nehemiah did something about (Continued on Page Two.) REAL PURPOSE OVERTHROW OF THE U. S. GOVERNMENT ■ * t ‘ . ... ■ ' ■ . Names Called in This Installment Showing Up the American Agents of Russian Forces—Women Are Dupes of Red Propagandists apd Donate Liberally to the “Cause”—American JLabor Movement Only Defense Protecting Uiiited States From Invasion of Reds. (This is 'he third and fourth of a series of six articles prepared by the United Mine Workers of America dis closing the attempt that {is being made by the red forces, under the direct supervision of Moscow, to seixe control of the organised labor movement of America, and use it as the base from which to carry on the Communist effort for the overthrow of the American government. These articles are the result of a searching independent investigation on the part of the United Mine Workers of America which led directly to orig inal sources. ARTICLE III. ' New York, Sept. 12. The United Mine Workers of America in continuing the revela tions of the Communist revolution ary movement in America as it re lates to the miners’ union and other labor organizations, presents here the facts in the conspiracy which caused the loss of the lives of 22 men at Herrin, HI., oh June 21, 1922. The United Mine Workers of America as an organization, has J>een mercilessly attacked, and con temned for Uie Herrin massacre ' manner responsible for Wfmt' took place. This revolting, inexcus able, terrible crime was fomented, promoted and caused solely by Com munists. It Was a carefully planned affair, schqmed with all of the diabolic cruelty and disregard for law that characterizes the activities of the Communist movement. Participating in the events which led to the slaughter of these men were 67 members—virtually all of them of Lithunian nationality—of the local chapter, in the town of Herrin, of the Communist Party of America, together with 19 other Communist agents and organizers who had been sent in from Chicago by the Communist organization for the purpose of arousing the local Communists, and precipitating an at tack upon the strip mine of the Southern Illinois Coal company. All of the 67 local Communists, as well as the 19 imported agents, were members of what is known as the OBSERVATION OF CONSTITUTION WEEK BY LAWYERS BY JOHN A. VOU. .. PretidMt, Glass Bottle Blowers'- Association THE Citizen’s Committee of the American Bar Association has requested the public tb mark Sep tember 23rd for eeifcirffcting in favor of law for the protection of the Constitution, which the legal fraternity claim ik endangered. This chiefly because many of their own group and a vast citizenship . recognize the fact that through 'usurpation of power in declaring laws of Congress unconstitutional, dictating of public policy, legislat ing through mandate &hd suppress ing and oppressing natural and legal rights through abuse of the injunctive process, the time has come to restore the Constitution to what it should be in accordance with its written word in relation to its fostering and protection of liberty and civil rights as found,in the bill of rights. Two of the chief promoters of constitution week and uncompro mising in their stand against any change which will curb the Usurp ed and* unwarranted power of the judicial branch of our government are Chief Justice Taft and Mr. Elihu Root, both of whom have been unmercifully repudiated by the people upon this very question —the fJhief Justice in 1012 when he received only- eight electoral votes for re-election St l*resident of the United Stata* And Elihu Root in the State of New York jyhen the electorate of. that state through the ballot overwhelmingly defeated the constitution which he . was largely instrumental in fram ing as Chairman of the Constitu tional Convention that had been authorized and held in the state. The people are weary of having dust thrown in their eyes by the legal fraternity, the purpose of which'is to obscure a clear vision of the wrongs that have been per petrated and the injustice prac ticed in government in the name of law and particularly fundamen tal or constitutional law. As the citizenship of the country tlirough better* wider and broader ^educa tion are coming to realize the danger in the autocratic power the judiciary is exercising and wield ing in government, is readily noted and grasps the meaning of consti , tutiortal week as promoted and -fostered by the legal fraternity and big business, the real and greatest-beneficiary under consti tutional and statutory law as at present interpreted and adminis tered. A little comparison, thought and study by the average citizen will easily disclose to his mind that those who are crying “wolf” rel ative to any change in the consti tution are really more dangerous to our democracy and its institu tions than is the extreme radical who is bereft of both political and economic vision and judgment. Bolshevik Lithuanian branch of the Communist Party of America. They accept the decisions of the Commun ist International, proclaim allegiance to the Communist Party of America, and adhere to its mandates and party principles. For more than seven weeks prepar ations had been in progress in Franklin and Williamson counties, in southern Illinois, to bring about the attack upon the strike breakers and armed guards who were at the strip mine after the coal strike started on April 1. Violence, disorder and trouble were rampant in southwest ern Pennsylvania. Communist groups in New York, Cleveland, and Chicago were active in their efforts to cause the strike in southwestern Pennsylvania to expand and grow into a great revolutionary movement in which the oriignal causes for the cessation of work in the mines would be lost sight of, and an armed in surrection, having for its purpose the establishment of a Bolshevik regime or dictatorship in this country, and enforced recognition of the Russian dictatorship and Me Communist In iternqtonal, would be Brought about. plan 'Wiarbo have shriuitWrwmBw uprisings in southern Illinois #n£, if possible, in the vicinity of Bellaire, 0., which was also a hotbed of Com munist agitation and propaganda, and in the region surroundipg Uniontown, Pa. A telegram sent to the local union officials at Herrin by President John L. Lewis, of the United Mine Work ers, placing the workers of the strip mines in the category of “strike breakers,” was shrewdly twisted and distorted, according to the boasts of the Communist leaders at Chicago, into an “invitation” to attack the strip mines and the workmen employ ed there. Officials of the United Mine Work ers had no intimation that an attack upon the strip mines was contem plated, or that a consspiracy within the Communist Party of America ex isted at the time to precipitate a tragedy, such took place on the day after the telegram of President Lewis *was received. Headquarters for the participation ’of the Communists in the miners’ strike in Illinois, Indiana, and north ern and central Ohio,' was at Chi cago. William Z. Foster was the dominat ing figure in the situation. Through the medium of the strike he proposed to gain a strong foothold in the min ers’ union for the recently organized Trade Union Educational League and to convert the miners’ union into a “one big union” center around which would gradually be mobilized the trade unions of America, reorganized in accordance with this idea. Foster’s right-hand men in the movement in Illinois were Earl Brow der, editor of his official organ; Thomas R. Sullivan, Communist or ganizer at St. Louis, and Normal Tal lentire, a Communist organizer at Chicago. Jack Carney, editor of the revolutionary Voice of Labor at Chi cago, and his business manager, Nick Dozenburg, were active figures in the organization. The chief field agent was Arne Swabeck, member of tiie Central Executive Committee of the Coinmunist Party of America, while other agitators associated with the “boring from within” work in the Strike were Oscar Larson, of the ifoung Communist League; Nels Kajar, who had been convicted in the Cook County Courts for conspir ing, against the government and. the country during the war; Gus Fraen Ckel, an agent among the railway em ployees, and Charles Krumbein, a dis trict official of 'the Communists. Carney was instrumental in the preparation and printing of Com munist circulars and dodgers for dis tribution in the strike region and de signed to undermine the leaders of the miners' union and throw the or (Contimjied on Page Six.> WILL DEBATE QUESTION OF Rev. T. P. Jinyison to Speak Here October 2nd. NEW INTEREST In C. L. U.—Whiteside Candi date for State Organizer. McKnight Gone. The old gait was gained and the old stride resumed <at the Central Labor Union hall lastTuesday even ing, when a large crowd of delegates spent an hour and 3. half in i con structive work for the labor move ment in Charlotte. The routine work was soon dispensed with, and then .the delegates went after the bigger questions before the body with vim and enthusiasm. An amusing incident occurred when a new delegate, attending the Qen tral body for the first time, expressed surprise at the large crowd present, said he would have been attending ere this, only he had been told that the Central Labor Union Was “just about gone under.” Pressed for the name of his informant, the delegate couldn’t say just who told him, yet he believed the report, every word of it. He learned his lesion, how Jver, and from now will .j»y no att ention to the p^qwganda being put out at all tkneg^.hgajnst the labor ^ ^ > On Tuesday evening, October 2, an open meeting will be held. Rev. T. P.’ Jimison will be the principal speaker. The Labor Parson says he will not come, however, unless the workers bring their wives and children to the meeting. Mr. Jimison wants to meet the families of the workers, and it is safe to say that the families of every working man in Charlotte are anxi ous to hear Mir. Jimison. This meet^ ing will be public, and everybody who attends will be given a cordial wel come. fid. F. Snakenburg and T. F. Mc-j Najlly delighted the delegates With speeches and the presentation of new id^as. Mr. McNally took a whack at some of the workers of Charlotte for their lack of interest in the organiza tion from whence they draw their liv ing. His emphatic and clear-cut statements were heartily applauded. M!r. Snakenberg thinks one of the best ways to study public questions is to have them debated, and in this way? bring out all the elements of a question- For instance, many union workers are fast coming to the con clusion that there should be a sub stitute for the strike. That this method, while necessary in days gone by, has outlived its usefulness and should be supplanted with some other method of securing the * things the workers feel confident they are en titled to. Mf\ Snakenberg would have the Central body debate the question discarding the strike. Then at each meeting have some question of importance debated, giving half an hour at each meeting to these dis cussions. Np doubt the plan Will be tried out. The Made-in-Carolinas exposition was discussed, and the Central body urged the delegates to take the mat ter up with their various locals and urge all workers to attend the ex position, and lend whatever aid in labor’s power to make the exposition this year the most successful ever held. The question of endorsement of President J. U. Whiteside as state organizer Was brought to the atten tion of the delegates. It was decided to refer the matter to all the locals affiliated with the Central body. At the August convention of the State Federaion of Labor it was decided to put a full time organizer in the field, the selection of the organizer to be left with the executive board of the ; federation. Asheville has endorsed Mr. Worley for organizer, and it is expected that nearly all toWns will have their favorite sons for the place. This office is, of course, an important office, and the executive committee will select the best man for the position, regardless of loca tion or craft. Secretary Albea is a hard Working official, and is always on the job for the meeting^. There is much Work (Continued an Page Two.) r ' " ’ i •n . : >. * : v Aireduction of more than $4,000,000,000 in the net income of .the. A^p i icari people during 1921 is shown in incpme tax figures made public Bureau of Internal Revere recently. As a result, Uncle Sam. cpil&Ce'd $355,666,580 less in incomes for 1921 than he did in 1920.: The number of million-dollar incomes fell from thirty-three to twenty-one in 1921. COUNTRY HAS GONE INJUNCTION MAD By !»tVMtl«n*l U»b*r Newt Service. Chicago, Sept. 19.-—Federal Judge George A.’Carpenter’s,record break ing injunction ordering Internation al Ladies -Garment - Workers* Union not to attempt in any way td regan-, ize employes of Mitchell Bnothewu' drew from -President Gompers ,of tire A. F. of L. one of the strangest de nunciations he has ever ..made. Addressing a Chicago Federation of Labor meeting, President Gompers said:.. .,v>? “It’s time for the American Labor movement to put a stop to the inva sion of the rights of the American people. . ' „ “I • haven’t any doubt that, if the workers employed by the Chicago clothing firm which applied for the injunction were seen talking to a union organizer they would be evict ed from , their homes. The injunc tion issued by Judge Carpenter pro hibits union organizers from talking with employes of the firm or com municating with them by letter, tel egram, or,.in fact, coming in contact with, them in any way. “In a court of equity, the court ex ercises‘its personal judgment. The issuance of injunctions is not in ac cordance with a governmental prin ciple, but is a repetition of the court’s! personal judgment. It is a revival of the king’s idea of personal sovereign ity. , “I don’t know whether there is a garment, worker in this hall tonight, but if there is, and I have the op portunity, I shall advise him not to return .to work until he has been or ganized. I shall give him that advice in spite of any injunction that has been issued. “The whole world is a jail if you cannot express your honest convic tions. ‘As a matter of fact, the judiciary of the United States, both state and federal, has gone injunction mad, and it is time for American citizen ship- to make common cause to put a stop to these invasions of the rights of the common people.” PLAN TO MAKE CLOTHING IN PRISON UNCONSTITUTIONAL) Salt Lake City, Utah, Sept. 19. The Supreme Court of Utah has d< cided ihat the proposed contract fc alls in the state prison under the piece price plan is* unconstitutional. The plan to have shirts and over alls manufactured in the state prison has been vigorously fought by, the Utah Manufacturers Association, by organized labor in Utah and by the American Federation of Labor. The American Federation of Labor protested the state officials against the plant,' pointing out that the Fed eration .had always favored employ ment for prisoners, provided that the products manufactured in penal in stitutions were for state use only and under no consideration came into competition with products manufac tured by free labor. ' By Inttfaatlonal Labor Now* Service. the manufacture of shirts and over RY. CLERKS TO OPEN BANK IN OCTOBER / .'V ! ‘ fcjf By International Labor Newt Service. <4 Cincinnati, Ohio, Sept. lJU-ilie Brotherhood of Railway and Steam ship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Ex press and Station Employees,: whose Itteihbership ^shc^ years’^go^ totaled flanfe early ijl October. Thp bank will be housed in a handsome new building in Cincinnati which tile union dedicated on Labor' Day. The building will also house the union'# headquarters. "~ A crowd estimated at 25;000 at^' tended the dedication cereflaonies. Local Unions of the Brotherhood in nearly every state in the Ujiiijon and the Dominion of Canada sent dele* gates to the dedication. ,k The Brotherhood of Railway Clerks National Bank is to* be operated on the cooperative plan, like its predec essor the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers of Cleveland, whose suc cess is well known. Under this plan stockholders are restricted to divi dends of 10 per cent and profits in excess of 10 per cent are divided among depositors. Before the clerical and station em ployees of the railroad and express companies were organized it is well known that they were the most sub servient, the most imposed upon, the poorest paid among the great army of men and women who transport the nation’s commerce. If known to be long to a labor union they Were dismissed from the service. Today they enjoy that independ ence which makes men better citi zens and better workmen; They have established their rights as workers, they have reduced the hours of labor, they have increased their wages. They have accomplished all these things- through organization. Once referred to, contemptuously, as “wWte collar boys” and incapable of being organized, this class of em ployes has today one of the largest and most powerful organizations afe liated with the A. F. of L. WORKERS EDUCATION BUREAU HAS NEW FIELD SECRETARY 8y International Labor News Service. V New York, Sept. 19.—As a suc cessor to Arthur Holder of Washing 's, D. C., who was unable to assume Tow duties of Field Secretary of the Workers Education Bureau of Amer ica due to family illness, the Execu tive Committee of the Bureau hah selected H. L. Brunson to fill the po sition. For the past two years, iif. Brunson has been assistant to the President of the International Asso ciation of. Machinists. EMPLOYMENT LAG#. Albany, N. Y., Sept. 19.—^Employ ment recede’d slightly in the manu facturing plants of this state in Aug ust, according to the New Yolfk state department of labor. - , 1 Small reductions have been repott ed every month since March, it i* stated, but the total-decrease leaves the employment level as high as it was at the beginning of the year and there is no definite evidence of a downward trend. 1 DEMOCRACY IN GOVERNMENT IS IMPOSSIBLE lfol$i» People Own Agencies Of Human Welfare. CHIEF JUSTICE Speak* Plainly on Public Own ership of Coal Mines, Carriers, Water Powers, Etc. BY WALTER CLARK. On November next, the people of California will vote on a . Constitu tional amendment providing for $£09,000,000 of state credit to be 0»e4 in developing the water power Of the state for hydro-electrie power and irrigation and for preventing ahd controlling freshets and floods in the rivers. The state of South Dakota will vote on the same day on practically the same proposition. The service is to, be rendered at cost and the measure follows the plan in force in Ontario,' Which has the greatest hydro-electric development in the world. At a cost of three cents a day a home in Toronto can buy electric current sufficient to light, cook, iron, waiffi and clean houses. At 23 cents a day in certain districts of Ontario a farmer can get electric power enough to light his house and barn, «n electric range, washing machine, flat iron, toaster and other fading nhlchffies and other power implements outside. \ fn the province of Ontario pedple in:$d!7 cities and 77 rural communi ties :are flOw using electric current At an average cost of 2% cents a kilowatt hour. The people in Amer ican eities generally pay from three fo ftve times as much. In three cities in Ontario the maximum rate—the rate the smallest consumer has to pay—is,a little over' 1 % cents (1.6) a kilowatt hour. In Chicago the max imum rate is 10 eents or over six tithes as much. i Thfese Ontario rates are probably the .lowest on the Continent. There is nothing like them anywhere in this countary except in a few of our cities where a 'similar system to that of Ontario has been established' In Springfield, Illinois, one can buy elet tric current for cooking at cents a kilowatt hour, so that tho cost is about $2.25 per month. Qes coats $3.25 per month. In Tacoma, Wash ington, there is a combined cooking and lighting rate as low as % cent a kilowatt hour. Revolution in Housekeeping. At these rates, either in the On tario cities or in Springfield or Ta (Continued on Page Two.)— MOODY’S WEEKLY REVIEW r HAS ABSURD “PIPE DREAM’’ % taternaitmt Lthtr N«w» strvt**. A fT«w York, Sept. 19. — To Moody's Weekly Review of Finan cial Conditions should go the first prize for the lpost vicious false hood circulated as propaganda - against the anthracite coal min ers. Says Moody’s: “In the coal strike the real con flict of interests is between 'the miners and the public, for the former are already receiving ex ceptionally high pay for the, type or work, while the public is paying the bill* Labor in the coal-mining regions rides not in Fords and Chevrolets, but in Buicks, Stude bakers and even Cadillacs.” ' Despite the preposterous nature of the foregoing assertion, many Newspapers have been “swallowing it whole” and gravely quoting from it fn their financial columns as if there was not the slightest doubt of its truth. Apparently the supposedly in» telligent men who edit the news-" papers have failed to see the ab surdity of asserting that the min ers are riding in motor cars which cost more than a miner earns in a year or else they believe news paper readers are too stupid to j see the utter foolishness of the statement. .—......

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