VOL VI. NO Id CHARLOTTE, N. C., FRIDAY, OCT. 5, 1923 SAYS FORD IS PROPER MAN FOR BIG JOB TELLS ABOUT THE INVIS IBLE GOVERNMENT. NO DIFFERENCE Between Two Old Parties. Both Acceptable to Big Busin e s s. BY DR. H, Q. ALEXANDER. The invisible government js busy grooming candidates for the people to vote for. In the matter of select ing the men who are to- fill the tick ets of the twb old parties, the people exercise no voice whatsover. Men with slightly different views on non essentials, but who are entirely sat isfactory to the invisible government on all the fundamentals of privilege, are paraded before the people by the press.; and if the readers were silly enough to believe all they read, they could be convinced that the state was solidly for candidate A, or candidate B, or candidate C, according to which papers they were reading. The press makes up the views of the 4 people before the people have any definite opinions, and gives expression to them as “the voice of the people;” vox populi. One set of papers declare that North Carolina is for McAdoo for president. Other papers with no less -zeal and apparent confidence, will chanfpion the candidacy of Under wood, and declare that the people are for the Alabama senator. But it is the opinion of men touching elbows with the common folks that Henry Ford would poll more votes than both the other men in an honest primary, t And we have a primary election law in N,orth Carolina to enable the # people to say whom they want for president, or any other important office r«nd this law will be brought “comnidn herd” a chance to say who k the choice of the majority for pres ident of tfce ■United -States. Meaning no reflection on either McAdoo or Underwood, it is the simple truth to Bay that the invisible government will be satisfied with either of them. They have both been in public life long enough to make a record and that record "is in har mony in all important essentials with the policies of the invisible govern ment. They have the capitalist view point and could be trusted to pro tect the power and profits of or ganized wealth tinder any and all circumstances. The invisible government has its agents ahd hirelings in every county seat town in the United States. They are found in both the old political parties; and these old parties are nothing more nor less than the agen cies of the invisible government. They both receive contributions from the coffers of Big Business; and no matter which party wins an election, Wall Street always wins and the people lose. Why? Because Wall Street agents groom the candidates. Senator Underwood has been a member of our Congress for many years, and in position of leadership where he could do something worth while for the people; but he has done nothing to promote progressive democratic government. He has done nothing to curb rpfonopoly, or to lib rate the people and small industries and businesses from the domination of Wall Street bankers. He did noth ing to curb monopoly, or to liberate the people and small industries and businesses from the domination of Wall Street bankers. He did nothing to -prevent the damnable policy of de flation that has cost the common people tens of billions of dollars and added billions more to the profits of the allied bankers and other war profiteers. In his official life he has business. He has servedfwypppuu been consistently faithful to Big Business. He has served the Invisible Government. . For several years Mr. McAdoo was .Secretary of the Treasury; one of the most important positions, and in fluential, connected with the govern ment. Under his administration of this greatest financial office in the world, the allied bankers, beginning with the briignal Federal"4 Reserve Act in 1913, which has been amend ed from time tfo time, have grad ually secured Complete power of control over the money and credit of the nation, and—what is more sig nificant-—they have obtained legisla tion that enables them, through the Federal Reserve Board, to complete ly dominate and dictate to every member bank of the Federal Reserve System; and, ultimately, their pur pose is to force all state banks into the system under the centralized con trol of the federal reserve board, or else drive them out of business. And to giye the (Continued on Page Two.) LIBERAL LAWYERS GREAT ASSET TO PROGRESS,. SAYS MINISTER * ' •: - __ Few;. There Are, However, Who Will Leave the Status Qtto. J. Frank Flowers a Notable Exception—Record of His Achievements For Labor Victories Unequalled in the South—Gradual Rise From Obscurity To Powder and Prominence. The Jerald it this week beginning a series of articles written by Rev. Tom P. JimUon about the liberal and progressive men of North Carolina. The first article tells of the work of Hon. J. Frank Flowers, a Charlotte attorney, who is known throughout the state and the south for his progressive ideas and his undaunted and courageous work in behalf of thfc men and women of toil. Mr. Jimison’s articles will prove interesting indeed. From ^time to time the Spencer minister-' writer will “ring in” an article on the reactionaries of the state for the purpose of comparison. Watch this series of special articles.—Cd. BY REV. TOM P. JIMISON. - The South has been the home of conservatism for a century. New theories in government, religion, or industry receive short shrift at the hands of our people. We venerate the past and hold tenacious ly to the ideas of yesterday. Like the man in the Bible who was offered the new wine, we say, “The old is better.” This may be partly explained by the fact that our section is a land of romance, peopled by a folk who are bound together by hallowed and heroic memories, but the best explanation is found in the fact that our people are wonderfully well balanced. .We don’t swallow a thing just be cause it is new. We watch it and weigh it;. Then if we are convinced that;-it is good, we indorse it with a whoop and put it over with wild acclaim. This was true of prohibition, of woman suffrage, and rflso HON. J. FRANK FLOWERS of good roads and public education. We have few radicals in the South, but it is a sad mistake to think that we have no liberals. We have a constantly increasing tribe of them, men and women who are not liberal just for the name and fame of it, but who have, by, pains taking investigation and patient study, arrived at the conviction that we must have a few new wine skins to put some of our new preachers, editors, teachers, artisans, doctors, lawyers, business men, and even manufacturers are in the group of liberals who are at large in the South today. Their efforts in behalf of liberal thought is being felt in the church, in the school room, in the courts, and throughout the body social and political. .We may never adopt some of the ideas which have found root in other sections of the country, but it is safe to assert that within the- next decade or two the South will lead America in a social and industrial reformation. And North Carolina will lead the South. Lawyers are pot famed for liberality. Their training is against it. Law is largely based upon precedent, and precedents are big sticks in the hands'of tyrants. You scratch yoqr average lawyer and you will find a reactionary. You ask him his opinion about a ques tion and he wants to stick his nose ift the statute and see what’s what. Then he will talk pompously about what the l&w is. Habeas corpus, mandamus, and testificandum, jumbo-randum, and sich like, trip from his oily tongue. No wonder Latin is a dead language. When the lawyers began to#purloin phrases from that wonderful tongue, it straightway died, or as the attorneys would probably say, “It was seized upon with death so that it demised or became deceased so to speak.” Which being interpreted means that it kicked off. There are many liberals among the lawyers, however, and when you-do find one, he is a gem of purest ray. ,As'a rule sueh a one has not become a liberal because he has read Blackstone and Coke and pored over the lesser lights of the law, but in spite of it. -He has generally purchased his lot with the liberals at a great price. For be it remembered that a lawyer has io make a living from his profession, and the folks who have the living concealed in their vaults are not notoriously fond of lawyers who have any breadth of vision or sym pathy. It is much easier for an attorney to line up with thd mighty, to defend the status quo, and to set his face against social and moral progress than it is to line up with the folks and lend his, talents to the cause of humanity. Your lawyer may be ever so anxious to abolish hqary wrongs and ancient injustices, but his path will be rosier if he winks at them and holds his hand behind him. Hjs family will have more to eat and he is much more likely to be nominated for office, though of course he may suffer some inconvenience from an outraged conscience. The ones who have the courage to catch step with the masses, who have the manhood to stand for the .rights of the (Continued on Page Three.) LEFT SCHOOL TO HOLD JOBS IN INDUSTRY f ' ' J ■ >' ;v'“- "r ; ... ■' . " 'A:"--. ^ SO FINDS JOINT COUNCIL IN SESSION, .GOOD SPIRIT —.— In Concord Gathering—-Unions ■ Growing Throughout Both the Carolinas. Enthusiasm reigned ^supreme in the meeting of the Joint Council of Textile Workers of the two Caro linas held in Conaord last Saturday. Furr hall was $lled to overflowing with delegates from the various or ganized centers, and the reports showed that no headway had been made by those who have been'trying so hard to kijl the spirit of unionism among the textile workers of the two Carolinas. On the other hand, this opposition has served the purpose of 1 arousing the workers to a more de- | termined spirit than ever to band themselves together for their protec tion and advancement. The meeting was opened' with prayer by C. A. Wyncoff, of the Concord local, after which the min utes of the last meeting were read. Under reports from the various locals and cities fepresen^ed there was a similarity that showed plainly tfae concerted move being made by the mill owners and their officials to do-all, in their power to “break” the organizations, and there was also a similarity in the expression of deter mination that thiq should not be done. Eatih report showed that the manu facturing business is good, work is plentiful and steady for all, except for. a few active unionists who have, apparently, been black-listed* All such “h^ack-listed” workers have en tered other industries, and several of them were in the meeting, all tes tifying to the fact that they are do ing better than they ever aid in the cotton mills. Iifljttgt, some delegates made the assertffiffTthat the very best thing that can happen- to a textile Worker is to be black-listed, as he will <prce<^ to go to other work. Re ports showed that they always are benefitted when leaving the textile . industry for other lines of endeavor. One of the most interesting fea tures of the council meeting was the report of the committee on educa tion. James T. Robertson, known throughout the state as a strong ad vocate of education, especially for the children in the homes of the tex tile workers, is chairman of the edu cation committee, and at the meeting of a month ago held at Lakewood urged all textile workers to see "to it that the children in the homes of the workers be left in school this year. It was reported from some of the textile cities that there are not as many children in school this year as last. Concord was one of the towns making this report. It was brought out that many children who have passed their fourteenth birth day sin<je last year are now in the mills, having given up their school. It was asserted that the mill officials are to blame for much of this condi tion, in that the mills demanded of the parents living in company owned houses that all children over four teen years of age be put into the mills. Bitter denunciation of this action was made in the council meet ing. The proposed amendment to the constitution of the United States which would permit the enactment of a child labor law that the courts could not declare unconstittuional was looked upon as one way to stop this practice 'and rule which causes a child to leave the school house for the cotton mill. Mr. Robertson, while he is a staunch supporter of the proposed amendment, expressed his impatience with the workers, however, in looking to legislation for the privilege of sending their child ren to school. He was of the opinion that the workers themselves, through organized effort, say to the whole world that their children, are going to school, and emphatically refuse to take them out of school and put them into the mills.. A great many, lies of various kind? had been circulated about the North Charlotte local. Some had heard that the local is “busted, gone, vamoosed, and that the hall had been closed; the furniture sold, and all members scattered to the four winds of the earth.” So when the North Char lotte delegation reported that there are more than a hundred members of the local in good standing, and that the per capita tax and death benefit charges were paid up to date, that the hall is stifl there, with its charter all clean and nice, an4 nearly a thous and dollars in cash in the local treas ury, and more than that, the, charter (Continued on Page Two.) \ Real Brotherhood is 1 of Rev. Tom P It Was ahappy crowd that heard Bev. Tom P. Jimison and Bon. J, Frank Flowers last Tuesday evening in the hall of the Central Labor Ujnion. No business was transacted by the body, the entire evening being spent in the profitable pleasure of listening to the visitors’ .speeches. Both Mr. Jimison and Mr. Flowers are favorites among the workers of this section and the whole state, for that matter., Mr. Jimison’s subject was “Broth erhood,” and{ he gave a clear defini tion of the word. He described po litical brotherhood, religious broth erhood, sincere brotherhood, hypo critical brotherhood,’ and, as usual, the speech was something new to his hearers. The big crowd laughed, and at times many in the crowd shed tears, and all through the address the speaker was interrupted with ap plause. Mr. Flowers was emphatic in his assertions that labor has no one but themselves to blame for whatever condition the workers may find them selves in. Through: organization and standing together labor can get everything the workers should have. The Advancement 6f the workers means more than p class benefit, Mr. Flowers said, because when the work ers advance, citizenship is elevated, the state made better, society im proved. ' Mr. Jimison said in part, in speak ing on /Brotherhood: “The most contemptible n>an on earth is the man who has worn over alls, hickory shirts, brogan shoes, worked ten hours a day for a song and sung it himself, and who finally rise's to a position of power over oth ers and then forgets the old days and old ways, and immediately assumes the air of a dictator over those un der him. The fellow who forsakes those with whom he had labored and suffered, and from his new position looks down upon his former asso ciates, is one big cause of the labor troubles in America today. The man who has gone through all these trials and tribulations, and who rises, to a (Continued on Page Two.) SHOWING GROWTH OF A.F.OFL SINCE 1897 The, average paid-up and reported membership of the American Feder ation of Labor for the year is 2,926, 468'. National and international or ganizations are required to pay only JLhe per capita .tax upon their full paid-up membership, and tflerefore the membership reported does not in clude all the members involved in strikes or lockouts or those who Were unemployed during the fiscal year, for whom tax was not received. ^ The following is the average mem bership reported or paid upon for the past thirty-seven years: Year Membership 1897 __ 2 - 264,826 1898 iv_ 278,016 1899 . _ 349,422 1900 _ .. . 548,321 1901 _ 787,587 1902 . -1* w - v - 1 * 1,024,39ft' 1903 ..._, _ _ 1,465,800' 1904 _ 1,676,200 1905 _ 1,494,300 1906 __ V 1,455,200 1907 __ _ ^ 1,538,970 1908 __ 1,586,885 1909 _ 1,482,872 1910 _ 1,562,112 1911 _ 1,761,835 1912 ..._ 1,770,145 1913 _ 1,996,004 1914 2,020,671 1915 __**; _ _ 1,946,347 1916 _ 2,072,702 1917 . _ __ 2,371,434 1918 _ __ 2,726,478 1919 _ ;__ 3,260,068 1920 - 4,078,740 1921 __ 3,906,528 . 1922 - 3,195,635 1923 .. 2,926,468 SEC. CLAUDE ALBE1 SHOWN AT MACHINE A recent issue of The Linotype News, published by the Mergenthaler Linotype company, manufacturers of typesetting machines, there is an interesting article written by W. Carey Dowd, Jr., of The Charlotte News. The article- deals with one of the oldest linotypes in use today, and with the article is a picture of, the machine in the composing room of The News, and at the machine is the operator, Claude Albea. Mr. Albea is secretary of the Central Labor Union and one of the most popular members of organized labor in Char lotte. Mir. Dowd tells of the length of time the machine has been in use, giving figures to show the durability of the linotype. It has been in con stant use in The News composing foom since* 1903, and was purchased second hand by that paper*, ;Mt, Dp?'d figure5’* . jJu:*iia-hav ing “set” ^‘fr}r7:U^m% type iince- The Ncwhas '‘ifchle means that operators have made 8?7, 473*700 morons of their hands and. fingers in striking the keyboard id setting this type. How would you like to start on a task calling, for nearly 900,000,000 Inotions of the hands and fingers? That men are just about as faith ful as machines is evidenced in the I article written by Mr. Dowd. The: News bought thtT machine from The ■panville (Va.) Herald, and it hap-! pens that Mr. Luther W. Pridgen, a mepiber of the Charlotte Typographi cal Union, brought the machine from Danville to Charlotte for The News, and he is still machinist in charge of this good old No. 1, as this particular machine is known. • • /;■ . \ • , Baerfacts By J. M. BAER, The Congressman-Cartoonist. By International Labor News Service Figures That Lie There are a great many statisticians who are figur ing for the farmer. These "experts,” who are employed by big business, try to show the farmer that it takes an enormous amount of eggs, chickens,- bushels of grain or pounds of meat to buy a day's work from a laboring man at the present scale of wages. The figures look startling and they deceive some farm ers. The experts who get up the figures or the papers that print them do hot tell , the whole story. Here, for example, are some figures of a Wall Street statistician designed to show why farming is not' profit v Able: . "It takes 63 1-2 dozen or .762 eggs to pay a plasterer for one day's work. "It takes 23 chickens weighing 3 pounds each to' pay a painter for one day’s work in N^w York. "It takes 42 pounds of W butter, or the output from fourteen cows, fed and milked, for twenty - four hours, to pay, a plumber $14 a day. “It takes a hog weighing 175 pounds representing eight months’ feeding and care, to pay a carpenter for one day.” Let’s figure a little more. Wfc find that 63 1*2 dozen eggs. in y^ashington cost $33.75, which is the amount the plasterer, who gets $12 a day, would have to pay for them. Who gets the $21,757 Twenty - three chickens weighing 3 pounds each at 40c per pound would cost the carpenter $27.60. Who gets the difference between $27.60 and a painter’s daily wage? Forty-two pounds of but ter at 60c is $25.20. If plumbers get $14 a day who gets the $11.20 from each of the thousand plumbers? 0,ne hundred and,seventy five poUnds of pork at 40c per pound would cost the carpenter $70 and surely no carpenter gets one-fourth that amount. Agricultural statisticians had better get busy and fig ure out who gtts the differ ence and how many farms it would buy each year. WARNS LABOR AGAINST THE KDKLUXKLAN FASCISTI MOVEMENT ALSO SCdRED IN MEET. MR. GOMPERS Scores Those Whs Would Russianize America—Much Work Being Done. Portland, Oregon, Oct. 4.—(Spe cial.)—The American Federation of Labor convention is in full swing, and it is pronounced by all delegates the irfost important convention ever held by the big parent labor body. President Gompers, the “Grand Old Man of Labor,” is in the height of his glory. He is growing younger, apparently, and his activity, his quick thinking, the unusual personality of the man is a marvel to all who are in attendance upon the convention and. those who are. visiting the ses sions. Child labor legislation, protection of woman in industry, better educa tional facilities for the children of the masses, closer co-operation with the farmers, a more active partici pation in the election of public offi cials along purely non-partisan lines, condemnation of the Ku Klux- Elan and of the Fascisti, ate numbered among the subjects that have been ■* already acted upon or considered by the cpnvention. 'While the reports of Secretary Morrison shows the membership af fiiated with the A. F. of L. as being less than that of previous years, this is not the actual fact. Secretary Morrison’s report is made up from actual dues paying members. All workers who are on strike or lock out are not required to pay dues, therefore thousands of members of the Federation are not counted in this report / Sovietism and One Big Union ad vocates have felt the sting of the con vention, for when these radical ideas ican Federation of Jjabpr is Ameri can, and those who would make it otherwise are finding cold comfort in the attitude of the delegates pres ent. Following is the convention’s opin ion of the Ku Klux Klan and of the Italian Fascisti, the latter npw being f orga#***4 in America: —Ku Klux KJant. During the yehr .the Ku Klux Elan has continued its campaign pf ter rorism on such a scale that its opera tions can not be overlooked. This secret organization promotes discord among our people, and strife within the ranks of organized labor, seeks to destroy the cherished Amer ican principle of religious freedom and tolerance and purposely fosters racial prejudices. The Eu! Klux Elan is destructive of that freedom and devotion to the principles of liberty which we ragrd as the first essential in democratic ’r civilization. The Ku Klux Klan seeks also to take into its own hands the administration of punishment, thus setting itself up as superior to government in the enforcement of law. We know of nothing that could - be more intolerable or more hostile to the purposes of organized govern ment or the trade union movement. We call attention to the positions adopted by unanimous vote at the Cincinnati Convention in 1922 in which the following declarations were made in the committee report, which was approved by the convention: Your committee is-firmly of the opinion that the adminitsrstration of the law is vested solely and entirely in the duly elected or ap pointed officers of the law, and that those who as members of any secret organization assume to usurp the functions properly be longing to legal authorities, invite mob rule and create in men’s mind’s a disrespect for and dis regard of duly constituted author itv. Your commitee is also, of the opinion that it is not conducive to government by law and the main tenance of peaceful and safe con ditions in the community to have members of any organization pa rade the streets so disguised that their identity can not be discov ered, when such disguises are adopted for the purpose of inspir ing the thought or belief that, the disguised individuals represent an invisible government. The issues involved are not new; they are as old as the institution of organized government. The trade Union movement of America long since took cognizance of the impor tance af these issues to labor and in the, convention of 1893 unanimously adopted the following resolutions setting forth fundamental principles . (Continued on Page Two.)

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