. VOL VI. No. 13 CHARLOTTE, N. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1923 V 11 m ■■■— ■■V'JfH' ■ ■■■■ . Indorsed By £?«ry .... Craft In Charlotte and In The State SALISBURY MEETING TO PAVE THE WAY FOR BIG ORGANIZATION CAMPAIGN IN, SOUTH SATURDAY NIGHT Will Witness Big LaborjBooster Meeting — President Bar ringer in Charge. Salisbury, Oct. 24.—Everything is in readiness here forthe big Labor Booster meeting to 'be hold in the Community Building Saturday night, October 27, at ,7:30 o’clock. The Salisbury Central Labor Union and all affiliated crafts are taking part in this big meeting. The Joint Coun , eil of Textile Workers of the two Carolinas will hold a business meet : ing in Salisbury Saturday afternoon at 4 o’clock, and the big booster : meeting is being held at the later hour so the visitors may join with local trades unionists in boosting or ganized labor. The program committee has ar ranged the following program for the evening meeting, which will be open to all, men and woment union and non-union, and everybody is given a cordial invitation to attend: C. P. Barringer, president of the tSate Federation of Labor, will pre side at the^ meeting. Prayer by the chaplain of the Cen tral Labor Union. First Speaker—James F. Barrett, former president of the State Fed-; eration of Labor, nov president of the Joint Council of Textile Workers and editor of The Charlotte Herald. Second speaker—Roy. Tom P. Jim iaon, pastor of the Spencer M. E. church, associate editor of The Char lotte Herald, and known throughout the South as the Labor Parson. Third speaker—J. Lee Tarpley, f national lecturer for farm Labor Union of America. Fourth speaker-—Major W. F. Moody, former president of the State Federation of .Labor $n4 C&ief clerk in the state treasurers office, Ra V lpkrli • - General discussion. - Announcements. Adjournment. Much importance is attached to this big meeting, as it is paving the way for the beginning of the big organi zation campaign in the South. Presi dent Barirnger and his associates are losing no time in getting everything in redainess for the work that will mean so much to the men and women of labor in the Southland WILMINGTON BOYS ARE ON THE CLIMB Wilmington, Oct. 24.—A rally meeting of Wilmington Trades Coun cil was held in The Union Labor Record Hall on Tuesday night with a large attendance of delegates and visiting unionists, and much good work was planned for the coming year, especially by the Organizer and the Organization (Committee 0f the Council. A new set of officers who have the cause of the workers at heart—and who are not “tin-horn politicians” with a supply of “rabbit's feet” on hand, always—was elected, and the body purposes to regain its former prestige by adherring strictly to the non-partisan political policy of the American Federation of Labor in matters political in the future. That is, the Council does not propose to permit ON“E officer to use the influ ence of the body in his “grafting” political schemes, which was done by ON,E officer of the recent past. The delegates and others present resolved to give their attention to the Union Label and to support of the Labor Press, and a personal Label Boosting campaign will be launched in the near future: The officers are: .ricoiuem/—vv. x>. oauiiueis, ui me Machinists. Vice-President—E. W. Hall, of the Street Car Men. Corresponding and recording sec retary—George W. Cameron. Financial Secretary—W. L. Rid dle, of the Carpenters and Joiners. Sergeant at Arms—A. A. Gilbert, of the Mbulders Union. , Organization Committee—George W. Cameron, A, A. Gilbert, W. L. Riddle, • , : ■ There will be a regular meeting in .The Record Hall, 10 1-2 pock street, next Tuesday evening at 7:30 o’clock. Sen'd in- your delegates fellow unionists of the Painters, Railway Clerks, Stage Workers, -^and Moving Picture Operators, Musicians, Tail ors, Carmen, and so on, and let us put on the greatest movement ever launched in Wilmington. Wake up, Mr. Plumber! We need your strength in this Rally of Union ism! i . .. Things Dunne Stood For Explained by Woll V 'BY MATTHEW WOLL, Vice Preaidant A. F: of L. Portland, Ore., Oct. 24.-—It is in ternationally important to get the ex pulsion of William F. Dunne from the Aimerican Federation of-Labor convention in its proper light. It was not merely “Bill” Dunne that was sent out—and today delegates are thinking more about it than yes terday—it was something much more important than an individual. What went out was: The Philosophy of despair;— the teaching that only misery lies ahead. 2. Destruction of constructive trade unionism—smash the unions from within or without. 3. Revolution, with a prelude of revolutionary teaching, disorganiza tion and sabotage. 4. Death of democracy and the es tablishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Qunne made the issues in his own speech. He made communism and .revolution the issues. Everything .else was submerged. Everything else became of minor character. Dunne declared for communism* not only as a form of government, but he declared for the establishment of it by revolutionary means instead of constitutional means. “After you’ve tried all your con stitutional means and still your peo ple are starving, what next?” he ask ed. He answered, “the revolution.” The American Federation of Labor looks .upon this as a treacherous and false philosophy. -With which there is no compromise. The whole thing is based on an outrageous social and economic lie. Conditions improve. Society makes progress. Humanity continually re moves itself farther from t starvation and misery. The Russian peasant spends his life wailing, “woe is me.” We do not. And we have proved that our way wins. The American Federation of Labor threw Dunne out of its convention as a protection of democracy, as a guarantee to society, as a symbol of faith. It wa s not merely “Bill Dunne in a blue shirt that walked out. It was the whole ruinous doc trine of despair, destruction and rev olution that was thrown out; it wa^ this section of the body politic get ting rid of a poison. JIMISON’S RETURN PLEASES SPENCER Spencer, Oct, 24.—There was much repoicing here when the an nouncement came that Rev. Tom P. Jimison had been returned to Spen cer. The Winston-Salem conference was watched with keen interest as the day approached for the appoint ment of ministers to the various churches !in the confeernce. The Methodists of Spencer wanted Mr. Jimison sent back here, and practi cally all people felt confident that he would be returned. Not only were the Methodists deeply interest^ ed in the conference, bu* people of all denominations yere keenly inter ested. This was especially true of the workers in the Spencer shops, where Mr. Jimison is very popular. SAME FEELING HERE. Lexington, Oct. 26.—This city and our thriving suburb are both happy in that Rev. W. L. Hutchins was sent to the Lexington Methodist church, while Rev. Mr. Smith was ministers are very popular in this sent back to Erlanger. Both these entire section, and their return is cause for much joy in the Methodist tamps. TO PRESENT BIBLE AND FUG SUNDAY Next Sunday afternoon at 3 o’clock a large delegation from Park Coun cil, Junior Order United American Mechanics will go to the Hickory Giove school and present a Bible and flag to the school at that place. H. A. Stilwell, C. J. Overcash and H. N. Russell compose the committee having in charge the program for the occasion. Following is the program as arranged by these gentlemen: Song—America, under leadership of W. T, House. Address on the Principles of the Junior Order—By Hon. James E. Huneycutt, former commissioner of public safety, city of Charlotte. Song—All H§il the Power cf Jesus Name, sung by audience. Presentation of Flag to the School —By James F. ^Barrett, editor of The Charlotte' Herald| Speech of acceptance—By Mr. Hugh MeAuley. Presentation of the Bible to the School—By Hon. J. Frank Flowers. Speech of Acceptance of Bible—By Hon. Jake F. Newell. Raising of Flag. Song—The Star Spangled Banner. Benediction—By Rev. R. D. Car roll. TO HAVE FLOAT IN ARMISTICE PARADE - Charlotte Central Labor Union will have a float in the parade on Armis tice Day. This Was decided at the meeting last Tuesday evening, after a letter had ben received from the American Legion headquarters invit ing the Central body to participate in the celebration of the signing of the armistice. A committee was appointed to have charge of building the float for the Central body, and it is ex pected that a float will be arranged that will convey a message from the workers of Charlotte to the returned soldiers of this city and section, in keeping with the occasion. Officials of the Legion are confi dent this year’s celebration will eclipse all celebrations of- the past. No efforts are being spared by the various committees to make the day as nearly perfect as can be done, and jthe weather man is bing petition ed to make the day one of unusual beauty and brightness. I NON-UNION PAINTER LOSES 15c AN BOOR Good reports were made at the meeting of the Central Labor Union last Tuesday evening, and the re port from' Carpenter’s Union No. 1764 was especially encouraging, del egates from that organization report ing 27 new members since the last meeting of the Central body. The painters are making rapid strides also, and one big contractor in the city is doing much for the local union. It* is said that while his job is open shop, the contractor is partial to union mechanics. So when a painter applies for a position he is asked if he belongs to the union. If not, the painter is employed at 60 cents an hour. If the man is a member of the union, he is paid the painters’ scale of 75 cents an hour. This difference of fifteen cents an hour makes many applicants sick at heart. The contmctar says it . is worth that irttiiih to ffim to know that a man cari paint, and if a man has a card it is evidence that he is a painter, and not a beginner. H. Chambers and company, with headquarters in Baltimore and jobs all over the country, has the decorat ing work on the new hotel. Several Charlotte men are now employed by this Baltimore contracting firm. The Central body sent a message of good will and wishes to the strik ing printers of Asheville, and pledged support in any way that the Char lotte boys can help their Asheville brothers. RED CROSS IS LOVED BY LABOR The American Federation of Labor in annual session at Portland, Ore gon, has adopted the following res olution relative to the work of the American Red Cross: “Whereas, The American Red Cross as an organization of unsel fish service is helping to interpret the constructive, spirit of our Repub lic, which holds sacred human life and the ideals it seeks; and “Whereas,* In its mission to relieve physical pain and minister to the distressed in body and mind, the American Red Cross has -found a place deep in the hearts of our peo ple ; and . “Whereas, Heroic as it was in'war time, the American Red Cross, when grave emergencies arise, is equally heroic in peace-time; and “WTiereas, Working people throughout the country are the ben eficiaries of the American Red Cross through its active work in giving and teaching First Aid to the Injured and Life-Saving, and that our people look upon the organization as the great igency of relief when misfortune comes; Therefore, “Resolved, That the American Fed eration of Labor, acknowledging the effective work accomplished by the American Red Cross in all its vari ous services, commends the unsel fish activities of this national organi zation as deserving of unselfish sup port, and bespeaks for it full and healthy co-operation in its purpose to extend to the remotest community its healing ministrations to humian ity.” s', The resolution was presented to the American Federation of Labor by the president of the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants’ Union, George L. Berry, who has long evidenced a deep interest in ser vice for disabled ex-service men and other Red Cross peace-time activi ties. Whep in the fall the Roll Call pe riod Approaches, Armistice Day, November II, to Thanksgiving Day, November 29, and somewhere in your immediate neighborhood will be a little Red Cross booth occupied by a Red Cross-worker, seek her out and it will be* her great pleasure to en roll you andi yours as members of the American National Red Cross for the coming year. '■ KEEP SACRED ALL LAWS IS THE SOLUTION ' 1 •" CAN'T VIOLATE ONE LAW AND ENFORCE OTHERS. INDICTMENT Of the Government by Senator Borah Causes Consternation in Official Circles. FIRST AMENDMENT TO ' THE CONSTITUTION Congres* hall make no law re specting an establishment of re* ligion, or prohibiting the free ex ercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, dr of the press; or the right of the people peace ably to asemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. Washington, Oct. 24.—Free speech and free press guarantees of the con stitution of the United States are supreme rights of the citizens in war times as well as in peace times. Those who deny the people these sacred rights, either inf peace or in war, strike fatal blows as the very heart of American liberty under the constitution and establish a dicta torship of force which is none the less a dictatorship because it is oper ated under the mask ,ef statute law. This is the ringing challenge which United States senatdi* Boy ah shot into the citizens’ conference here, which Was convened to initiate a na tion-wide movement for the obser vance of law and obedience td the constitution with especial reference to the eighteenth amendment. “There is a peculiar and vicious doctrine which has come to have recognition in, this country,” said Borah. “It was said that during the late war, as soon as; war was declared, the constitution *f the--United* States was in a sense, or-in. some respects, suspended, and that the Congress could pass any law it saw fit to pass. “This is a strange doctrine. But it was seriously advocated by learned and able men, accepted by legislators and executive depart ments. “For myself, I repudiaate it once and for all. “N.o such dangerous and un-Amer ican doctrine should be accepted by the people of this country. “Every clause, every line of that great charter obtains in time of war the same as in time of peace. “I haye always thought. that if any one provision of the constitution could be regarded as more vital to the cause of freedom than any other it would be the first amendment to the constitution, which guarantees free speech, a free press, and the right to worship God according to the dictates of one’s conscience. “But such are the effects of war upon the constitution, such are the effects of war in breeding hate, and intolerance, that men are in prison today, and have been for six years in absolute violation of the -funda mental principles of the first amend ment. “Men are there not for violence, not for assaults upon life or prop erty, but for the expression of their political views. “But what is even more startling, they are there without any legal evi dence with which to hold them. “I would c#unt myself a whining hypocrite to come here to insist upon enforcement of ,the eighteenth amendment and remain silent upon the utter disregard of the first amend ment.” CROWELL CO. IS NOW RAT SHOP Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 24.—An nouncement has been made at head quarters of the International Typo graphical Union that the Crowell Publishing Company of Springfield, 0., has gone “ratr” and staunch union men everywhere are being asked to bear in mind that a number1 of na tionally known publications may hereafter be regarded as foes of or ganized labor. The Crowell company prints the following^ magazines: American Mag azine, known to the “talent” as a monthly “mug book,’’ devbted to the exploitation of rich mediocrities who crave flattering publicity; the Woman’s Home Companion, Farm and Fireside and The Mentor. The company also owns Collier’s Weekly. When members of. Typographical Union >Fo. 117 appeared for work at the Crowell plant, October lv they found their jobs filled by “rats,” re cruited by Vollmer and McCone, strike-breakers, j The union has vot ed hn assessment of five per cent to carry on a nation-wide fight against the Crowell publications, whole large circulations are due in a large degree to the support of honest union men and women. • ' Newspaper Strike In Asheville Not Settled Asheville, N1. C., Oct. 25.—Striking printers on the two daily papers here are standing firm. "Both papers are operating, printing smaller Ipapers than usual, of course, with pro fessional strikebreakers. The print ers issued a bulletin Tuesday, giving labor’s side of the controversy, and the eight-page bulletin was eagerly read by the citizens of Asheville. Many efforts to secure a peaceable settlement of the strike have failed in so far as any outward sign is con cerned. The publishers seem firm in their stand to run their papers in the future on the open shop plan. The printers are well fixed, however, and it is expected a long drawn out fight will ensue. The bulletin printed and circulat ed by the striking printers gave the names of the professional strike breakers who are scabbing on the A-sheville printers.. All these scabs, this bulletin stated, are being kept at the Langren hotel, Where they eat and have rooms. The Asheville printers appeal to the public to con sider this expensive1 course that is be ing pursued when they read in' the daily papers that the publishers can not afford the small increase in wages asked by the printers. The striking printers have issued a challenge to the publishers to meet the strikers in a public debate and lay the whole matter before the pub lic. It is not know whether this will be accepted by the publishers or not. Everything is orderly and peace, able, the" most effective weapons be ing used is that of words. The news papers, not the printers, are sparing in their scathing denunciation of on® another. The city feels that so long as just .words are used there is little danger of any serious damage being done any one. Important Matters Acted Upon At Federation of Labor Me^t Here are the important decisions and actions of the American Federa tion of Labor convention, held re cently in Portland, Oregon: 1. Declaration for determined, conscious crusade for industrial de mocracy. ^ 2. Opposition to the soviet tyran ny and to communist propaganda in the United States. 3. Opposition to the Ku Klux Klan. 4. Opposition to the Fascists 5. Unseated William F. Dunne as a communist and representative of Moscow. 6. Adopted as an official finding an investigation of social studies made by special committee with ex pert assistance. 7. Directed intensification of na tional campaign to organize steel workers. 8. Directed national conference to inaugurate sweeping campaign to organize women wage earners. • 9. Directed that assistance be given in organizing textile workers. 10. Demanded amendment to Con stitution to prohibit child labor. 4.1. Remanded .' amendment to con stitution giving Congress power to re-enact laws declared Unconstitu tional by supreme court. 12. Directed greater effort than ever in coming national non-partisan political campaign and asked nation al and international unions to fur-' nish financial support. , 13. Ordered campaign to organize casual and migratory workers. 14. Directed continuation of ef forts to bring about .affiliation., with International Federation of Trade Unions on a basis satisfactory to American labor and guaranteeing national autonomy. 15. Denounced so-called amalga mation scheme and overwhelmingly defeated resolution introduced in its behalf. 16. Defeated resolutions calling iot independent labor political party. 17. Reaffirmed demand for modi fication of Volstead Act. 18. Voted support of American Red Cross. > 19. Voted support to rehabilitation work of Veterans’ Bureau. 20. 'Declined to over-ride auton omy of national unions, voting down several resolution^ calling for com pulsion instead of voluntary action in connection with affiliation of local unions to central bodies and state federations. 21. Ordered investigation of I. W. W. and its relation to hostile em ployers and private detective agen cies. ZZ. uirectea uiau cuui to uc to secure prohibition of use of in unction in industrial disputes in cases where no injunction would life if no industrial dispute were in evidence. 23. Ordered that next convention be held! beginning November 17, 1923. 24. Regarded labor banks as “helpful” and “much nearer the people” than Wall Street, but not as a cure for industrial evils. 25. Directed that efforts to pro-, mote friendship and develop under standing between labor and farmers “should be continued.” 26. Pronounced in favor of con tinuing “friendly and co-operative” relations with American Legion. 27. Expressed confidence and faith in work of Pah-American Federation Of Labor and continued affiliation to that organization. 28. Directed “vigilance” in rela tion to intelligence tests, and “labor participation in direction” where those tests are used in industry.. 29. Directed continued participa tion in work of Personal Research Federation. , , 30. Recorded, emphatic position for santity of contract in relatioiis with employers. 31. Declared resistance to wage reductions most effective measure in combatting unemployment. 32. Directed effective functioning of A./F. of L. Legal Information Bureau. 33. Directed continued and ex panded Information and Publicity Service efforts. .,34. Continued investigation of ■ workmen’s compensation and em ployers’ liability laws. 85. Condemned■> Federated Press as “on its own record” not entitled t© support of labor papers or trade union organizations. 36. Directed continued efforts to prevent prison labor from coming into competition with free labor. 37. Asked that it be “the policy and purpose of the state to conserve, develop and Control the water of the state for the usea nd benefit ot the people.” 38. .Condemned copipulsory regis tration of seamen and maintenance of private shipping offices by ship owners. 39.. Condemned ship subsidy and directed continued vigilance. 40. Directed general survey of living and working conditions in the Philippine Islands. 41. Directed Executive Council to request Pan-American Federation of Labor to investigate cpnditions in Venzeula, and if reports of “Tyran nical oppression” of the people and workers are confirmed, President Gompers is instructed to ask the President of - thec United States and Secretary of State to sever diplo matic relations with Venzeula. 42y Instructed ‘Executive Council to presetit labor’s demands to na tional political party convention for incorporation in party platforms. State Federations are asked to take similar action in State political party conventions. 43. Called upon Federal Trades Commission to investigate, practices of American Bell Telephone Com pany and its, “monopolistic control of the communicating industry.” 44. Endorsed nation-wide cam paign toorganize office or “white collar” workers. 45. Requested affiliated interna tionals to send organizers to Virgin Islands to combat attacks by legisla ture and employers, and instruct A. F. of L. general organizer, stationed in Porto Rico to visit those islands periodically, 46. Requests labor movements opium and cocaine producing coun tries to cooperate in suppressing nar cotics. 47. Directed Executive Council to call u$on federal government to take steps to stop profiteering and reduce cost of living. 48. Approved the course pursued in the national railway employes and coal miners strikes. 49. Instructed Executive Council to ^petition congress for a constitu tional amendment for the election, of federal judges. 50. Selected El Paso, Texas, as the next convention city. CANCER SPREADS AMONG PRINTERS Indiailapolis, Ind., Oct. 24.—In creasing mortuary returns on can cer and sarcoma within the printing trades of the United States and Can ada emphasizes the need for organ ized warfare on these dread mala dies, according to Dr. Frederick L. Hoffman, research director, who is conducting a health survey for the International Typographical Union. The spread - of- cancer among printers no doubt Corresponds /to j the increase for Wll classes of city dwellers, Dr. Hoffman said, since there is no reason for assuming that printers are pecularily susceptible to cancer. The average mortality rate from Cancer and sarcoma was found by Dr. Hoffman to have increased from 54,5 per hundr'ed thousand in 191T to 86.5 per hundred thousand in the period from 1920 to 1923. s “The increase in deaths from cancer is not explicable on the ground that the average lifetime of a print er today is much longer than in ear lier years, although that fact is es tablished,” Dr. Hoffman says. “In the last four years there has been but slight change in the average of lifetime in the trade but the increase j in mortality from cancer has been I marked.” INSIDE DOPE ON THE FORD WEEKS ISSUE FORD’S STATEMENT TO WEEKS CAUSED UPROAR. -- V • BOND BROKER In Politics Is Dangerous, Says Ford—Opening Gun in the Ford Campaign. Henry Ford emptied a broadside into Secretary of war John W. Weeks last week and “Old Guard” politi cians are fearful of the possible con sequences. The controversy has to do with Muscle Shoals, the most valuable water power proposition in this country, next to that of Niag ara. The government spent a hundred million dollars on Muscle Shoals during the war for the purpose of making nitrates to be used in the manufacture of high explosives. . After the war the big power com panies endeavored to persuade Con gress to “junk” Muscle Shoals, or to permit it to slip into the hands of the Alabama Power company, or some• other privately owned public utility. Ford spoiled this game by offering io take over Muscle Shoals and use the power generated there to build up gigantic industrial enterprises. Incidentally, he promised to furnish the farmers of the Sodth with cheap fertilizer. Congress Failed to Act. After much “backing and filling” the administration, through Secretary Weeks, submitted Ford’s proposition to Coiigress, but Congress adjourned without taking action. Then the Alabama Power Com pany came forward and sought to purchase a part of the Muscle Shoals plant known as “The Gorgas Warrior Steam Plant.” ruru p* vi/coi/cu* uviuing mow plant was a vital part of the Muscle Shoals project. - After some delay and many con feeroces, Secretary Weeks persuad ed President Ceolidge to permit him to sett the 6orgas plant. By wtey of excuse, the Secretary in a pub lished statement, ^aid the plant was located op ground owned by the Ala bama Power Company; that the lease expired on October 1, and the govern ment'was therefore forced to either “junk” the property or sell at a price satisfactory to the Alabama Power company.. The Facte Contradict Weeks. An examination of the record will show that there is no foundation for this claim. Under date of November 16, 1921, the acting judge advocate general of the War Department de clared that the contract entered into between the Alabama Power com pany and. an agent of the Government during the war, by which the Ala bama Power company secured an op tion on the Gorgas plant, was “un authorized and void.” He pointed out that if the govern ment wanted to secure title to the land- on which the plant had been built, it could do so by exercising the right of eminent domain. Senator Underwood of Alabama, discussing this very point in the Senate in January, 1921, declared —“the government can acquire that title by condemnation under existing law and it ought to do it.” Some of Ford’s Hot Snots. Mr. Ford in his statement charged that long ago Secretary Weeks “ma tured in his mind the plant to break up Muscle Shoals and dispose of it pie^i-meal.” N “When he sold the steam plant at Gorgas he pulled the first stitch in unravelling the greatest single pros pect ever held out to the American farmer and manufacturer,” Ford declared that Weeks contem plated selling other portions of the project. The object of Weeks, to quote the automobile manufacturer, - was “to injure Henry Ford.” “Which shows,” wrote Mr. Ford, ‘*how much a Boston bond broker, in politics for a pastime, knows about industrial problems, for the injury shot past Henry Ford and has land ed on the farmers. <JI was willing to demonstrate at Muscle Shoals that power and ferti lizer cou!4 he developed at much lower cost than onw and that the government could be assured of an adequate supply of war nitrates.” Secretary Weeks’ Reply. Ford’s attack infuriated Weeks. oFr a time the latter talked of suing, the automobile manufacturer for libel, but eventually he quieted down and issued a statement in which he said that the Alabama Power com pany had paid the government $3, 500,000 “for this comparatively small item of the whole equipment.” Ford, on the other hand, he said, wanted the entire Muscle Shoals pro ject for $5,000,000. The point emphasized by the Sec retary all through his statement, however, was that the Alabama Power company was in a position to force the' government’s hand. As stated«above, the facts do not sustain (Continued on Page Six.)

Page Text

This is the computer-generated OCR text representation of this newspaper page. It may be empty, if no text could be automatically recognized. This data is also available in Plain Text and XML formats.

Return to page view