North Carolina Newspapers

    fTHE CHARLOTTE MESSENGER
VOL. III. NO. .SO
CHARLOTTE, N.C. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1887.
TRK tin BT inaSkili! Qm5ak
THB
Charlotte Meseengre
IK PURLlfiHCD
lOvery Sa-tiurday,
AT
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
!r tke Int«resU of th« Oolorad People
cl the Country.
an ) wHl ntcnm writer* * wflt conMb
jw t’l il rclumoa from different pert* of the
• intrj-.iinil It will reoUle Um lata** Oen-
>r*l Now* of the day.
Tiic MrmxwnEnli efirA^la* newtpeprr
in>l will not allow panona! abew to Ha col
umn- It 1* not ■ertartao or pertiM, bwt
>'Ki«7«ndent- draliof fairly by a|L It ra-
,^w- ihe rieh tt« ertticlM the ■hiRcofnii«i
' nil (nibUo offidal*—eommrndlng the
-nliv.aml mTinuDeodlncfor elrctVn Hocb
rwr> HI. in itannninn arehnt tuitad to aerra
"K mirtaiifUte people.
't inlendMl Co xpplytbe long felt need
/ It T»i>>paper to adVoreto the rtcbtt a^
«h« inaer.'fta of the m(ro-Am*riceB,
•tc^iallvin tbe PMcnoBt larttcai of th*
BTTBBCXimOKt:
lAliroyifa Adtomc*.)
tear • tl td
month* - I Of)
tnonth*' ... 7B
iiumtlft bO
rT-iafTbc - 40
Addiui,
W. C.‘ SMITH, Oharlett* N C,
Tb''• aniur piRCOO amico iaPeHa to
nt'Al rnrefiilty orpraoired, end the
!'•■. leiifu* khowi that there ere 2,000
II i(i birda, whichiAn take dtopetche*
roid out the capital in tbe roogheat
'atbcf. Some arc taught to go to the
ichboj-ing fortJ and town*, other* to
lijlrint parti of the prorineea.
About 20,000 peopt* aw. aaAnally
rMrnvr-I io India by yilmAl, nad'of
ie«e nioeteeD are aalQ to be bKton by
»nike). The Duffibw of human oieti^a
Io increaie, in apite of the facft
that tbe number of wild beaeti and
'oakc* destroyed baa doubled in tha (pat
'D year*, and that th* OoTeraceent re-
wird paid for their exteraination haa
risen proportionately. Nearly 2 1*2 lakhi
of lupeei (about $120,000) were thna
in ISM. Neat to Teaeraotw rep-
tigera claim moet rkUma. Tea
yean ago wtjret, aoetlyin the North-
e>t proeineoi and Oadb, kOM fin
3iea aa ma’iy people at of'Qde ySira;'
hut the extermination of woWee aeens to
L-e going on rapidly. Leoperda are the
alleged caufc of death to about 200 hu-
beiogf Bonnally. Apeit from the
if kumaii lif the retum* ehow en
■nnuai derliueUon of 60,000 bead of
cattle.
Whatever the exactrelatiTO etrengthof
t.be three great atanding army powers of
Kurope (France. Germany and Roiaiai
may be, no one can diapute lhat the keep-
■ng of 7^000,000 BCD elmoat constant
ly under armi to detrimental to natioDal
intinental preeperity. England’a
.’>0,000 linki into IniignHScasee com-
irrd with the gigantic amy-roll of
ilieartbree kingdoms; but Auatriahes e
standing army but slightly Inferior in
po nt nf numbera to that of Genniay,
and Italy and Turkey can each pnt hoa-
deeds of tbouaaedi of ooldkrs into the
M. Thui Europe baa become a reriu*
e continent of aoldiera—« armed
amp. The taxes niceeaery ft maintain
• h>*e literally counUessmaaaea, to clothe
em in dazzling ooetumea, and to equip
hem with the neweet patteme of life-
destroying weapone, are prodigious.
Nor is this the only, or indeed tbe
oral, effect of thto mUitarieatom run
ild. Trade end commerce are affected
■> an extent datoibad m eppelling, end
llisnarck dM net oreratate the case when
he said that a few more yaare of teneioa
irb u BOW eziatod meet inrolre tha
Dml preipereoe natioa in fata.
One law (hma to £er amry cralB ef mwl
Aaderarrator. Bewtta’tkaaaadfaaMawa
By tottUag wfad* aheot, or toorawart
throwa
By surge «f wars rasUtW, yat tha
To hold K M to orbft aS ito owa,
Na for om toaotbopaca Imre* tha apaah
aloaa
Bat brlega ftatfllatlaat, as tom WM ptosaad.
Bo tsT wHto 4fiito, met «aa tow ttowa to
Bw* wbaraawtam and tmaoidtotto^,
Tb* qpert wWm and ohanra^ uA yeadsc.
w^era
Tha; laora to nm. totor seab aBdreh^ Ua.
Tbs war* nRttosi, thawtod hadowm aad
wa
WHb them ihaR net, totor fnD obsdiwtea
ihaiw
—Brad/brd Tbrrap.
The San Frtnclwo CkronUU ley* that
Jepen, with nearly 40,(K0,0{10 people,
ha* only B7A,r00 head of eattle aad :,-
200.000. horses, and i* without mules,
• wine nr ,brepi We bar* two head of
horned eattle to erery three pertoni.
Tbr Japaaeae here 603 pertoM to each
bead of l>orloe atnek. W* bare one
hor*eor muic to every four peTaona;th*y
hare oaly on* hers* to erory thirty-three
perton*. Of ibMp they bar* ■» knowl
edge, as they wear no wooloa elothee
end eat no multonl Bwiae meet to ea
much an Kbominettoa to them aa
it it to tbe nrabmlBS. Tha Emperor
rodeena wheeled carriage aad lhat mode
of ceereyance wa* mad* eacrid to hto
(t*e, while other p^oplo must ride tnotbar
fatbkmi or walk. The nobllKy monop
olize* sodao chiiri aadbonabadiridlaf,
aBi to Hie cooiraoa peopte wa* lafl the
pririlcge of welkiag. Ttoa farmers and
pteken on their retara from markets
woo'd, hgwerrr, mount their hotaat, Imt
upaaihwappenranca of on* of the mM-
Bt-arma (hey wotdd tumble effln eUpen-
sllde buu, so u le omet Itosfr enpertora
in their proper piscos; that la, «a fnot
Itorsea thn« became arietnamUa aatailB
a^ were held in
GRIM WALKER’S REVENGE.
Between tig years 1161 end IMS a full
thousand ptotue hoard the BteryofGrim
Welker. Tbdt wes'aaring the ffercest
pert of our eMl wer, mS tnlnor lad-
dent* wera speedily ahaorbed aad for-
gottan. I doublof there an a score of
mpis tiring to-day whoeaa recall the
deteJU of tu atngnUr mu'* idreoturea,
end 1 do neg remember that anything
•ave a brief outline ef the matwere of
hi* family bee ever appeared hi print.
I a pow axpree* rider on the Over
land route. lhat meant helping to guard
a^et, carryiw a light mail on my sad
dle, forwardifi diipatches, taking my
turn to act arfuent of lomo subte, aod
variona other uinga which need not be
explained. Ihfre were then several great
tmli leading west from the border* of
eiviiixntion, aM all were mere or less
traveled, but the favorite lootes were
from 6t. Joseph end Council Bluffs, tbo
oee being known the northers and
other as the sobtbern route. I waa on a
route along the Platte Riverwett of Fort
Kearney, which was aometifflea IlfW miles
long, aod sometifflei 126. according to
the way tbe indlani were behaving, and
the number of men wa bed for service.
Grim Walker woe a pioneer named
Cnarlca, 0.~ Welker, from near Iowa
City. lie was a giant in elze, oatnully
hotor and Ucitumof ditpoeitioo, andbu
teeilj consisted of a wife end three
ekildfco. While tbe country waa «x-
dtod orer the civil war, and travel by
the Overland bad almost come to a (top.
except in cues of neceeaity. Walker and
dthera formed an immigrant party to
make a puab for tha golden land. When
I fiftt baud of thorn they nnmbetod'
treaty wagnahaad ertty ar«vento pafr
pie, am] were on tha Plstte, east of
iCeamey, which wis then dangerous
gromsd. When tbe outfit reached
Kearney, oome were for turning back,
others for electing a nsw Captain, others
for settling down near by and establish
ing ranches. It aramod that there were
three or four different facUon* in the
party, and several bitter quarrels bad re-
■ttlted. In tbe then etate of affairs :;()C
brave and united men could have ecarem
ly hoped to reach the Colorado or Wy
oming line, for the Indians were up m
arms on every trail, aod tbiratiog for
blood and acafp*. When it was known,
tberetore. that Grim Walker, as he liad
oome to W known, bed been elected
Captsin of a faction and Intended to
push on at the head of only seven fami-
ilea, which could muster but nine fight
ing men, soldiers, hunters, Indian fight
ers, and overland men argued and acold-
ed and predicted. Not an argument
could move Grim Walker. Not a nre-
diction could frighten one of his adner-
ents. It appesrM to them to be a rate
where manhood and pride were at stake,
and when it was hinted that the military
would restrain them they made, secret
proparatione and departed at night. It
waa an awful thing for those bigots 1
and determined men io diire their
wives and children, conustinir of twen
ty-two people, to a horrible death, but
nothing short of a battle with the mili
tary would bare stopped them.
They left Kearney one night about 10
o’clock, drawing away quietly aad trav
eling at thfir nest apoM. They could
not nave gone ten miles before being dis
covered the Indian*. A partv of
:wenty of m left over the tame trail at
noon nexfRiay, and we had gone only
fifteen miles when we found evidences
that the little party, which wu keeping
along tbe Platte, bad been attackem
This most have been about daylight.
I Soon after eunrlse they had been driven
to theltcr in a groveof cottonwoods, but
before reaching It on* of tbs men had
been killed and scalped, a wagon had
broken down and been abandoned, and
stray ballets bsd killed a woman and a
child as they cowered down behind the
eergo of the wagona At 4 o'clock in the
efterooon we came to tb* grove, driving
away Uw last of the savages, but we were
too late. Such a epactaclo at wa there
beheld wae enough to sicken the heart of
tbe biavait Indian figbler. Hi* little
party had been sttaned by about SOO
rodtki ns, aod the fight had lasted for
half a day. As near a* we coflld figore
I from bloM epeta on theiartb foortaea
j Indiaae had been killed, and there were
' bkwdy trails to show that a* many more
i had beoa wounded. The foelbardy men
I had died gam* a* aa offset We made
I out that tboir camp had been carried by
jacberga, and that tbe lastef the fighting
I wa* hud to hud. Five of tbo womea
lud bora caMed off into horrible cap-
{Uvity, while all otbere had ban buten-
asvd—ail save Grfan Walker. The bodi«
' hiiiff baea eat ud backed and motilatod
Ui a torrlble aaBaar, bat w* oonld hava
hlsartllsil Wilker nj hto atza, evea had
he ban doceipMatad. ThsimmigruU'
hereto had all beea killed, the wagoae
alandtoad aad boned, aad th* savagM
r- / ••“ploadar
, eoMof the,
aifbt'aad drove thins
asray. All tltot wae toft at wa* tha aad
work of barring the eorpaes,
A aeath later «• heard that Oriai
Welker kad eeoaped from the fight,
hrasklng eat of the grove ud riding off
en a hotM Just as the conflict eleoed ia.
Vra bolonglag to the OverUnd bed mat
andtalked with him east of Kearney. Be
%d three woonds, but aeeaiM nnoon-
t^u ef them as he briefly rsUted tbe
'toory of tbe fight, aad vowed tbu he
would have the lives of five lodfau for
Wkay white person who had aeriAed.
Kotbing farther wee heard of Ua until
Jana of th* fBllawid| year, t wa* thea
fn Ckivernment employ as a scoot and de-
lopateh rider, aad was on Hu Smoky Bill
fork of tha Kanmt River, twuty Bila
west of Fori UePharson. riding with two
ettier aeouta, whan we cenit upon Grim
Welker. He had gene eaet after tbe
masaacn, and had built for binaelf a
buUet-pToef wagon. It was t great cage
ea whsato, and everything abut It was
Bade of iron. Wheels, box, bottom,
top—cvsfp part of it was ballet proof.
It was ptoiced cr loopholed in fifty place*
bit musketry, vutilated at tbe to^ aad
W» drawn by four mules. Tbe mu
atnethave had eonaiderable means at bis
distoaaal to pay for a vehicle like that,
ani^ bad ^me all tb* war from Coun
cil nuffs alone. Tbe intericr wu fitted
np with a iCeeplog berth, Iron tuk* for
holdii^ food and water, ud be had come
buk to nil ptoins to keep hi* vow. But
for hto gilmeem tbe idea would have
ratoed a laogb. Be must have been en
route for muy long days, ud he eer-
t^lMild paued tbrongh muy perils.
We Kerd aftarwerd that u he reached
the fort one afternoon, ud it bocame
know# that he would posh on, every
effort was made to disauede him For
a time he was silent—grim—deaf. Then
he pointed to the northeast ud said;
‘There lie tha bonae of my children
end friuds, aod I will not rest until I
have avenged them twice over.”
> They told him the country wu alive
with hoetilee, and that every rod of the
wayvru beset with perils; but u the
eon went down be beraets^ his moles
to the iron tongoe, eUmbed into the sad
dle, and withont nod of farewell touy
one he rode to the west in the gathering
gloein—more grim, more determined^
more of a devil then a human being. 'Ha
bad traveled a good share of the night
ever a rotinirv in which death Inrkea in
erery ravine, rat the watchful lavage*
had not espied him. Ho had treveled
until mid-afternoon next day alnog a
trait wherd uvagos outnumbered the
amkea twenty to one. but somehow they
bad misaod him. Weweroriding at full
ipeod (or the fort, keeping tbe shelter of
tbe diy ravines end tbe valleya, and en-
p-cling at any moment to Iro pursued,
whea wo ran upon Grim Walker. His
wacon stood ld tbe opes prairie, at least-
kslf a mile from the river ud the eheltor
of-thwoettonweeds The feus mnl*i had
‘>ccn unbarscBsed end turned out to
giazv, and tlictnon wei cooking hit tap
per at e campfire, the smoko of which
would draw Indian* for ten mile* aronod.
Our astoniihment when we found him
there alone kept os dumb for a few min
utes. We ut on oar hortes aod stared
U bim, end be greeted our presenro by
s mere nod. When 1 recognized bim at
Urim Wtiker I began to suspect the
enterprise be had on font, and after I
bod put a few questions he briefly ex
plained :
"I am here to kil'. Indians. Von cu
ook my wagon over if you want to."
It weswtutl bavedescribed. Ilnhad
t barrel or more of fresh water, a lot of
I lour ud meat, a small stove to cook
i >D. and a jierfect arsenal of firearm*. It
I Was evident that the Indians could not
I ;et at bim with bullets nor tomahawk,
I sor tire, and it would take weeks to
I itarvQ him out. There wsa only one
I ibiog that troubled the mu. Ui* ttock
: arourd be killed off at once when be wu
ittecked, end he would then have u way
)f moving hi« wagon. We belpli him
)ut of hi* dilemma by agreeing to take
:be uimals to tbe Fort. Tbe harnesses
were piled into hit bouse, and it wae un-
Imtood that be would come for the
Dulei when he wuted there. He bad a
rompase, ud we gave him tbe exact
: bearings, ud u we rode away be wu
I preparmg to tout uotbrr piece of meat,
I leemiog utterly unconcerned over tbe
[ Jsngers of bis furrounding*. As to what
I happen^ him daring tbe next three
• veejts I bad a few meagre delatls from
! hit own lips, but plenty of ipformation
: From warriors who afterwa^ became
''friendly.” That le. when licked rat
j >f their bools half a doten timea, their
! riliagee destroyed, many of their ponlea
I ibot, ud their squawa and cmldren
jlriven to temporary starvation, they
; :ricd for neace in order to recruit ud
makeTeadr for uother campaign.
The campfire which Grim Walker built
I laved tb* three of us from bring am-
’ outhed. A warrior told me that forty
jMTBge* were betwe'n us ud ibe fort
; when the smoke led them to believe that
II large party of immigruU must be
1 mmpM la the bottoms. It could only
I be a large party whi^ would dare biild
; wch a 1b a bostiia country. Tbo
I warrien were all drawn off by a signal to
I ittack tbe huger game, end tiefore lan-
1 flown lhat evening two hundredmurdto-
XU* redekina wera opening their ere*
very wide at tbe site of the one lone
! wagon uebored on tbe prairie under
Iheir Botoa. Hew did it got there I
: Where wer* tbe hortee or muiM? Wu
it oeeopledt They must have uked
{ih*.i.*elv« tbeae qnettlons over and over
I sinin, but there stood tbe wagoa, grim,
lilent, raystoriooe. The whole band
' Batlly moved down for a elotor inepee-
I lion, beltoviag tbe vahkl* bad beea
i tbaadoo^ aiM hopeful that eometblu
I m the shape of plunder had beta leu
I behind. They ud coma close they
i bad ootirsiy eorrouaded the vehUto—
j wbes a ehaet of flame darted from ou of
! lb* portbelca, aad Grim Waltow had be-
; ru to tally kls victims. Bafere lbs rad-
! ikla* eooiagotoateffaagebehad kiltod
, leyso of $Hsm utog ebotgamnd book-
I toot. It eru oaly wbaa tbav cam* to
- nttora tha fin that tbe uvam atooevend
what 'ort of a veUol* Into baaa bulefl
Ixat tbeso aaeng them. They wo'tod
’ knadnde of boDota bafora vitj tmtA
!tog, aod with a rifle Walker killed two
OOi of them before night set In.
The npersOtions nature of tbe ledUn
wmsld have driven him away had be not
btonod for revenge. And, too, H wu
traoed that tbe wegee must contala
wtoathlag of great valw to have been
bdlt that way, aod greed wu added to
tlifl thirst for vaogaaaee. They be
lieved that tbo bottom of tbo buz. at
leaot, wu of wood, and about three
bflure eflet dark a anmbar of warriors,
having a boneb of dry gnu under
hto arm, erapt forward to tn* vehiela to
tlpft a fire nader it They crept u
oetoetoMly u serpents, but before a mu
of them bad pssM uadet a deuble-bar-
retod sbotgua belched forth its eon-
lento, end two mere backs set ont fot
lb* happy hnnting gronnd*. Next day.
rafneieg to believe tbst a vragon could
be bullet proof, th* Indiau opened a
Meilade, which wu m^talned for two
boats. They wera behind trsu and logs
end other cover, ud notashot wu pro
voked in reepoaae. Variona ecbemu
were cooeoctra to get at th* wagon,
wUeb wu Anally briieved to contain a
party of bnnte^ bat none promised
sacceu. At noon, however, a nnsber
of young warriors volnntoered to carry
0^ a plu. There were twelve of thorn,
*10 they wen to approach the wagon in
e ]^e dielo. Tbe idrnwu toeeUaand
anet it, ud thna render th* oeenpant*
bnilen. The circle wu made, tad it
grodually narrowed until th* signal for
a nth wumade.
The ««■" within—grim, silent, watob-
the drde doee, and th* wer.
rieeietim >hi wheels before he opened
Are. It wonid have taken a dozen stout
mrn to have lifted two of the wbeela off
tb* ground. He abet down thru of
tbsm ud the othera fled in terror, ud
half u honr later tbe siege wu aben-
dooed ud the Indiana were moving oft.
For two leng weeks tbe wagon reamined
OB the spot, an object of eorloelty to
scouts and bnntert—an objoct of awe
end menace to the uvagu. Then, one
morning, jnst at daylight, Grim Walker
came into Fort McPiienon for hia mules.
Ho-wu going to move hi* iron cage to
new fletda. He replenished hia provi-
siotM, ud inside of two hours wu oil
again, having spoken leu than fifty
woe^ daring nis etay. It seemed u if
be bad grown taller, flererr, more
aad revengeful. There wu someUxing
pitifal in knowhig tbst be alone had
sotviVvd tbe massacre; something sp-
pelllBg in the knowledge that ne hu
beeom* a Nmui* whom nothing bnt
blond iroald ntiafy.
'Ibe wagon wu moved north to the
baad-watars of tbe Ballne Fork. One
wnO bu bcM over tbe rente will wonder
how It coold have been done. It wu et-
lacked ibM one fotenooe about lO
o’clock ByywdM’pf tMrty Wawtouirtro
biis been raiding on the flolomon'e
River. The mnlw were staked out, ud
Grim Walker Mt at hia camp fire. The
warriors charged np on horuback, be
lieving they a nnnter's or surveyor's
outfit, ud while they stampeded end se
cured tbe mules, four of them were
killed from tbe loophole* of tbecege.
They came back sgain, end uother we*
kill^ and two were wonnded. Tbxn
^ry discovered what sort of en enemy
Iheyhad to deal with and withd'.sw.
Grim Walker ud bis wagon re-
: mained there for a month. Whee
; the Indians would no longer
come te him be set out in swrehof them,
I aod he became a veritable terror.
Twenty different warriors whom I inter-
viewen between 1864 end 1HA7 told me
that Walker wu more fmred than a hun
dred Indian fighters. He killed every-
thino be came to that wu IndUo, in
cluding aquaws, poniea, children, aod
dogs. No camp felt safe from him. He
bad the ferocity of a hungry tiger ud
the running of a serpent. He used hii
iron wagon u headquarters sod mode
raids for fifty milu around. During tbe
aummer our scouts taw Walker or hia
wagon once a fortnight. He wu loit
teen alive on Brptember 2. on tbe Repub-
ticu River, when he had a frwb Indian
icalp at hi* belt. He bad then blown
up his wagon with gunpowder ud
abandoned it, although he did not state
tbe fact. Hi* hair ud beard had be
come long ud unkempt, hia clothing
wu io raga ud there conld be no doubt
that be had gone mad. On^ Ifithof
tbe month, u I rode with u escort of
soldiers rootb of when be wu teen on
the 2d, and fifty miiu fmn tbe epot we
found bim deu. He lay on a ban
knoll, on the brood of his bM, with hto
arm* foldtd over hie breast ud hto rifle
byhitaide. Hiseynwenwifteopea, u
if looking at tbe bnzurda e^Mog above
him. tatwt soon satisfied oursaivu that
bo had died from netoral eenaes. lie
bsd a dozen scars and woonda, bnt dls-
eau had onrpowerad him, or hit week
had bun dona. Be had azaetad a foU
measure of veageano*. Better for the
Indiana had they let hia immlgrnat party
pau on in paaoe, for be had bronght
reoureiog to a hondrad lodgan—As*
Ttrk Bvn.
Worldly WMam.
"'What iathe best thing In this werldf’
a traveler iru ooc* askao, after he bed
trevereed Cbrlsteodom ead retomed to
hto oetive towa to enlighten the vil-
Ugm with hto wiedom. "liberty," he
auwered.
"Wbefa to tbe most pteeuatP
"Gala."
'The least knovar
**Oe^ fortnaa."
"Wko le th* most bi^py maa la the
world r
'The learaed man. who hu riebu aad
knows the ouef them."
‘The meet imaortaaeteP
"The-haed-heartH ereditor."
■The moat dangMuP
'The toBorentphytldan."
•'Dtt meet pHluieP
"Tha Her, who to aet beUevad when
bo^ the truth.”
TWogh aoM of tie
not ha apisovad, there to
tf^htin-ilmm an.—Fraa’s Cbeyee-
PEISON LIFE IN SIBERIA.!
MAMMA'S Ktl
A ktai When I go to had,
A kte whoa 1 bon my ftNF
More (ban 10.000 Crtmlnale Ex
iled Tearl)r—Political Prtaone-
The Lile Led bj ExtIre.
For nearly two centories. writca
Tbomu W. Knox, in tbe New York
Btor, Btbwia bu been fomoni, or tnfw
mous, u a place of bantohraeat for thou
who offend against tbe social or poUtieal
laws of Roau. Peter the Orest b^o
tha transportation of eriminelsto Sibe
ria in 1710; previoua to that drte the
country had bron need u a land of bu-
tohment for oSeialtwbom the govern
ment wished to get out of the way with
out potting them to death, bat the num- ^
berof tbeudeported individnalewsi net ^
large. Ever «nce Peter’* day the work i
of exiling crimlhaU to Siberia hu been
kept np; the ordinary tfevel of thto sort
to abrat 10,000 unoally, ud sometimes
it reaches a* high u 12,000 or 18,000.
Ootnde of thto deportetioo to that of
revolutiontota, nibiluts and others who
offend politically rather thu criminally,
though uy opposition to theutoentie
power of the Czar is likely to be re-
gaided u erirainal in tb* eye* of the
Ktutun goverament. '
Bometunu the political prisoners are i
mingled with tha criminals, but ordl- i
narily they are kept apart In former
tiniM tbe prtooeeia were compelled to
walk to their deaUnatioas, ud the jour
ney from 8t. Petersborg to the rogion*
beyond Leke Baikal, e dutuce of nearly
4,000 miles, ocenpied two vests, ud
eometioe* more, ud muy of the exile*
died on tb* rood from fabgoo ud pri-
vst'MBs. It wu found more economical
to transport tbe offenders in wagons or
sleighs, or by rail ud steamboat when
possible, to require them to walk,
ud for the lut twenty yurs or more
five-sixth* of the exilM have bera car
ried in thto way. At points varying
from ten to twenty miles apart along tbe
C t road tnrongb Biberia there are
>ea for the Iragment of prtooneri at
night. They afford a shelter from tbe
weather, bnt tjnj little else, u Uiey are
almost always badly ventilated ud
very dirty, ud occupwta sleep on the
bare floor or benchee, withont any other
covering thu the clothu they wnar.
Bometimu in summer tbe ofiBcer in charge
of a convoy of prisoners will permit them
to sleep ont of doors at night, instead of
uterioff the filthy stations, in such
a case he requirec the personal promise
of erery exUe in the convoy that he will
make no attempt to escape, ud be
forftermore makes the whole partv re
sponsible for tbe individual conaocl.
tsder sacticlrcnmstaacu if one of tb*
'IpWttBlf ihonld floUM ^
run away, no further favors weotd be
shown to the rest, ud they would be
pnt on low rations of food ud other
wise punished. It to ^needless to uj
they take good care that the promise is
kept. Thto privilege is accorded only
to the convoys of political offenders.
Tbe crirainel daasee are not eonsidered
worthy of such confidence in their honor.
Prison life Li Biberia Is of many va>-
rietiea, according to the offensu of dif
ferent individnsle ud the euteecu
which have been decreed in their cases.
Tbe lowest eentence to to simple baniah-
ment for three yurs, ud tbe highest to
hard labor for liie. Ihe simple exile
withont imprisonment is appointed to
live in aceruin town,diatrictor province,
and most report to the police at stated
interval*. He may engage in certain
specified occupations, or rather in uy
occupation which to not on a prohibited
list; for example, be may teaen mnaic or
painting, but he may not teach lugnagea,
u they afford the opportnnity for propa
gating revolutionary ideas. HemayDO-
come merchant, farmer, mechaaio, con
tractor, et uything else of that aort,ud
it not infrequently bappsne that ezllu
ujoy a degree of prosperity in their new
hofflM that they did not have in Bu-
ropeu Russia. ExUu and their sons
have become milUonelrw in Biberia; r
former Vuderbllt of Dkootsk, the capi
tol of Eastern Siberia, wu the eon of at
exile urf, hto enormons fortune having
bun.gtined in the overlud tea trade.
Many exile* become so attached to Sibe
ria that they remain aftar their term
of buiahment itcoded, bnt it should be
ander«tood that tbelr cases art the ex*
cantions rather thu the rule. The wife
u'd immature ehUdru of u ezilo may
follow or accompany him at tbe eipeau
of the Governmut, but they eunot ro-
torn to Europe uUt hto term of aervieo
hu expired. Tbe name of "prtoonar”
or "exile’'to never applied to the bu-
itbed individoeU; in the lengnege of
tbe people they are called "unfortu-
oata*,"snd in official doctnnants they
art termed ' involuntary emigisata.’’
Of thou eentuood to foreod labor
some am ordered to beconxe cotonlsta;
they are fonUbed with the tool* ud
matertol* for bniidlng a honu on a plot
of ground allotted te them, and for threo
yeara can reeeflve ratkma from th* nearut
^vernmeat station, bat when the thru
years have expired thu ere czpeetad to
Bupport tbemMlvee. h they were eent
to the eralheni end therefore fertile parts
of Uberia their let weald set ho a eevere
oee, but the meet of thene*oolaaisU are
aaslgnsd to the iBrtWn. ragiesa, wh^ro
tb* sopped of Ufe irom tllu^ th* toil
or from hooting aaa flAlsg to e matter
of grut dUBcu^. Ihou who nr* kopt
to prison end aentaMid to herd labor are
ampleyad in mtnu, aille, feundrtoa or
eo the pubUe rends. Jfau of them wau
ebaloe. which extend uom n girdle
aronod the watot to each ukle, and *f-
feetnnlly preelod* tbe poeeibflHy of rna-
sinf awny. Iheir Ui* i* • hud one, u
tbw fuotl ia oenne end efton UmhM In
qnutity. It Is bad enengh under fclsd-
martad weweieii aitil Bnpulntendents,
and tarriM* whore the mutori ere erwri,
which happens nitogethsr too often.
Tirar.ty-one hort^of ftenr an need
daily la nakfng bread fot tha ],fl$0 coe-
rlewe la Blag Sng rrietn.
A khe wbsB my bath haginr,
By mothetto u fnD eC htaset
Aanarsetstallotptnn
The day that 1 fell down etolsn
A kim when 1 give hu treahlA
A kM wbu 1 gtv* hm joy;
Tbw^snettdmcUka metbwtokhsu
To tor own UtU* habr hey.
HUMOR or THB RAi;
There to no place like bene, upoef^
ly if it** tbe home of youTbert girt—
i4suf Herald,
There are three kinds of uimals In tho
Wall street menagerie. They are bolla,
bears aod dtmkeyt.—Ptrotrwn*.
A cltiiu of Deadwopd, Dakota,
reached home tbe other night somewhat
earlier thu usual. He had beu dused
borne by a ghost —aiieapo Nins*.
Apoctuks: "What to itmaku th#
noonday air u strongl” Well, neinape
the wife hu beuwfllBg cabbm or
someth'ng like that—Teahsr* m^sa
"Shall I light tbe guT' uked tb* lud-
Isdy at tbe supper tule. "Oh, It ton i
nMCssary.” answered the nevf boarder,
"the supper is light enough.”—Nsw
Tort Bun.
SaWGeonte; '*00 my mind there's a weight;
It (t realH getting quite lelght
And I feer that year po "
He rot ohly thus tor, , .. ^ - '
For he lauded outefd* of th* gelght j
—Life. ‘
A mu never more fully apprecutee
the touching tignlfleucc of a "vacant
chair” than when he gou in a burry to
tbe bnrber shop ud flnda one awaiting
him there. —St.AUmnM Mmenger.
Thto is the season that Inspiru a red
nosed men with confidence' He cu
blame the warmth of color on th*
weather, ud thou who don't know his
habile will umetimee believe him; —
Philadeljikia Herald.
A BwU* law competoeverjuewly-mar-
ried couple to plut tree* shortly sf^
the ceremony of marriage. Tbe pine
and the weeping willow ore prescribod.
but tbe birch Ts allowed u being pro*-
poctivelyuuful.—Pwirfues Tdegram.
Full muy • maid who lolnta atoiebtef
And dare not kill n xnoaaa. nerfaceatoMi
— - - mere ei^out tl^
TTm manglid forms of half n dosu Mrda
—DanrtUs Brersa
A Real Cowboy.
Walking into a neat, little rmtanrairt
down on Bute street the other nl|^t,
tbe Chicago JfoiTi "Club Man" wu
somewhat wtonisbed to au about a
dozen dirty-facod gamins ritting at a
long table dioensslng an excellent tap
per, ud at the head of the Ubie ul a
Western looking, happy fellow, with all
the appcanuce of u idul cowboy, ex
cept (be sombrero, ud that bung on n
hook near by—a regular etunner, with
width enough fora email orabnlla, and
e wultb of silver tinsel on it Inveeti-
geting, the "Club Mu” discovered that
the cowboy, who bad come in with n
train of cattle fiom Fettermen, Wyo.
on tho Chicago A- Northwextern, a few
days ago, had been^d off ud wu u-
joying bimsetf. The proprietor of tbe
restaurant said he came in about half ea
hour before, followed by tbe troop of
Arabs, ud had negoriat^ for supper f»9
the gang. He had given carte blanche to
the bora, ud they had ordered every
thing from fried oysters to a hot minco
pie. ud the cowboy hnd depealtod a $80
gold piece ie advance. He didn’t seem
to DO drinking, but nnoana^
good natnred ud intelligent Be
wu lelliBg tbe boys big itorlusbouttlM
mountains, plaiu and sanshia* of tho
West of cattle driveaandstampodea.ud
tbe boy* were listening end eauttng with
an earautneu which wu relruhing.
Tbelr boat didn't seem to pay apaelal *t-
tention to uy one in tho room except his
gauta, presided u th* ouqimt with
e BKi^ dif^y ud aall-possseslee u if
be were the major-domo of a palace.
Among tbe thiage he murioned wu th*
fact that lutsommer, ayw ago, be had
beeocne acquainted in Wyoming with a
g^ painter, who wu eW a poet, and
who had been rat there to make skrtehu
for a big Wutern pictor* be wu going
to paint Then, la n qniet and qnnfart
way, ho racltod to th* boya » ecrerhoy
: poem which th* port-painter hnd writ-
i ten, ud whleb had thto refrnia;
j "irttbhlsslooebeemhcern
tike aceaUnr be iOHle
Where lb* wtia baft feMa
MseW *-• Wb* earul wbe
, A qaectlouhle blL
"Bey, Joe, did tbe editor aeeept year
poem on ‘Beautifnl BbowF”
"No,C1urlie. 1 west Into theoEco
on tin-toe ”
"Well that wu right Aa editor
I doentliketo b*UstBrb*d.To« ahewod
him this poemr
"I it to him.”
"AndhedeeUMd itr
"Yob.”
"it most have beu exsenbto."
"Well, maybe It wae. 1 left th* oSco
on tin-to*.
"Which wu right"
"1 am net aoreabont that Iwnaton^
SB the tip ofhtole*. "—CtoB.
Ihenein liO bums mnrtod on the Lert
mit ItoeerweUon, Idnhe^ eoiflnetod by
lafltonn. They hsvo nenn* !,$•$ miw
meAaredlkilfaaend ova thirw^ra
    

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