North Carolina Newspapers

a4 New Job Tjrpc hve been UxI
to cur Jb OffUv, fcnJ wo can now
do work to ult even the tal fiui
tMfoiw. OUUn n4 eraplc of
tho work we hate done to the but
few Lys.
ofAdvertUini; rate mad known
on application.
frlilor and Proprietor.
Tl,i, wcrk we tflve you a neatly
f,rint l iiajH-r on our
-,,v show your appreciation by
ooraoy fca.d Wh.Ho SupremAoy.
No. 30.
tin: kditok's chair.
The Opinion of The Caucasian and
the Opinion of others which we
Can Endorse on the Various
Topics of the Day.
The earth thrown on the C. F.
V. V. extension, in McDaniels
and Lisbon townships, during
the month of April, at 11 cents
j,cr cubic yard, amounted to
over ?7,000- This money was
paid ly the railroad into the
state Treasury. We understand
tlit-re fs about $1,000 clear profit
to the State out of this amount.
If this is so it is aiitj' that
.vt'iy convict could not be hired
out In the same way, for the
IVnitentiary itself is
not and.
tliink, never has
been, self
Tomorrow, the 10th Inst., ife
Confederate Memorial, or Dec
oration dny. Appropriate Ex
ercises will be held in numbers
of places in this state and over
all tho South. Thouands sleep
in their (j rave.--, sacrifices to the
Lost Cause, who otherwise
would today be moving and po
tent factors in society, business
and politics; and while time has
lessened our so "row, yet it has
also thrown a mild halo of he
roic renown around the memo
ries of those whose graves we
today deck with garlands and
"M Quad" has completed his write
up of North Carolina townsj closing
w ith Charlotte. His parting shot to
the farmers is: -'When the farm
er of North Carolina applies himself
and calls intelligence to his aid he
will make money. He can't help it.
He has a climate unsurpassed in the
world, and the soil will respoad ten
fold lor extra care given it." New
l&erne Journal.
"When the farmer," etc? "M
Quad" seems to have overlook
ed the Farmers' Alliance. That
is just uie oDject or this organ
ization, it calls the intelligence
and experience of the many to
the assistance of each member
of the order.
The World, that mammoth
and enterprising newspaper, ap
peared on April 30th as Ye
World, with type and paper of
one hundred yars ago. The s's
were old fashioned, long style,
very much like an f, with a half
cross. The word the is repre
sented by the old style ye. This
ieat wa3 accomplished at an
enormous expense and is one of
the most strikiug evidences of
the wonderful enterprise of this
remarkable newspaper phenom
ena. The issue is decidedly
unique, and thousands of copies
win be preserved as souveniers
of the great celebration.
Judge David Sckenck, Presi
dent of the Guilford Battle
Ground, said last Saturday that
he expected to see two years
from then, twenty thousand
people on the ground to dedicate
the monument of Gen. Greene
We hope that such will be the
case, and in addition other fit
ting monuments will be erected
by the same time, especially the
one suggested by Vance, on Roa
noke Islaud to mark the land
ing of Raleigh's colony. Hear
what the orator says:
It has long been a matter of re
proach that North Carolina has done
fo little to pert etuate in stone her
love for her sages and heroes. The
day when the foot of the first Anglo
Saxon was placed upon American
soil is known historically, but the
spot where the colony of the great
and splendid lialeigh landed is un
marked by a single memento. This
genesis of the mightiest revolution
m the history of nations, was upon
North Carolina soil, yet we have left
neglected both the time and place.
in ine tenths of the want in
this country is due to waste and
laziness. . A gentleman in Maine
recently offered to give one hun
dred sacks of flour, or one hun
area ousheis or meal, to any
needy, deserving man. that did
not Keep a dog, use tobacco or
drink liquor. No oue was found
who could accept the offer. The
great reason why so many peo
ple are not comfortable in life
is because they are either lazy
or wastf ul. Here is the secret
of poverty and the reason for
the absence of thrift in most of
iu most of instances. Investi
gate and see if this is no true.
Christian Advocate.
Tin: conqui:hi:i hanxi:k.
Furl that banner, for 'tin weary,
Hound it 'tU drooping ilrwtry;
Furl it, fold it, it U l,tT,t;
For thrreV not a man to wave it.
And there'll not a nvvord to nave it,
And tlit re not one left to lave it
In the blood that li roe j?ave it;
And it foe now neorn and brave it;
Furl it, hide it let it rent !
Take that banner down; 'tin tattered;
lirok.n U it hhaft and shattered;
And the jrallant hontn are nrattert-d
Over w hom it floated hijrh.
Oh ! 'tin hard for u to fold it;
Hard to think there' none to hold it;
Hard that thone who onr unrolled it
Now muxt fold it with a nih.
Furl that banner! furl itttadly!
Once ten thomand hailed it jrladly
And ten thousand wildly madly,
Swore it hhould forever wave;
Swore that foeuian'fi ftword nhould never
Heart like tin ir entwined di..ever,
Till that flap ohould flout forever
O'er their freedom or their grave !
Furl it! for the hand that granped it,
And the heart that fondly elxed it,
Cold and dead are lying low;
And that banner it i trailing !
While around it ound the wailing
Of it jH-ojde in their woe.
For, though eonipiered, they adore it !
Love the eold, (lead hand tfiat bore it !
Weep for ihoxn who fell before it !
Pardon those who trailed and tore it !
Hut, oh! how wildly they deplore it,
Now who furl and fold it so.
Furl that banner ! True 'tis gory,
Yet 'ti wreathed around with glory,
And 'twilt live in nong anil story.
Though it fold are in the dust;
For it fame on brightest page,
Penned by poets and by sages,
Hiall go sounding down the ages
Furl its folds though now we must.
Furl that banner softly, slowly !
Treat it gently it is holy
For it, droops above tne dead.
Toueh it not unfold it never,
Let it droop there, furled forever.
For it's people' hopes are dead !
Under theabove caption Mr,
John McLaurin, Treasurer of
of the Wilmington Presbytery,
,s the following kind words
for Clinton and its citizens
ne leading eaitonai ot ins pa-
"I T 11 1 f
er, the Presbyterian, of April
ho 17th:
At no point within the limits of
vVilmington Presoytery could the
representatives of its churches expsct
to receive higher social enjoyment,
or more generous hospitality than
in Clinton, and at no place could
they rind their expectations more
ully realized. To this, those who
attended the me ,ting of the Presby
tery that convened in that beaulilul
town last week will heartily sub
scribe; and this does no disparage
ment to the lavish hospitably always
and everywhere extended to the
Presbytery in itsj visits to its church
Clinton has the reputation afar
not only for the beauty of its sur
roundings, but lor its social refine
ment and free-hearted cordiality
and it has well sustained it It has
been thought a restful place, and to
our mind thi9 is no detraction from
its charms; yet to those who think
otherwise it is to be said that there
are evidences of posh and enterprise.
New buildings are to be seen, or
buildings in course of erection, and
Clinton can boast of the possession
of a factory for making of our native
woods crates and baskets to earry
forth our luscious lruts and tooth'
some berries to less favored climes
The factory is, we are told, the only
one of the kind, souta of Petersburg
devoted to this special business. To
man, we are indebted to a thorough
survey 01 me premises, out we are
not ttxpuciwi iu uewn ineiu jicre, m-
. A. J. .1 A 1L 1 , Il
tere sting as they were. Mr. A. F.
Johnson is the proprietor.
The weather during the session of
Presbytery was simply charming,
and, we may be allowed to say it
meekly, the ladies were the same
And now as to the Presbytery: It
met in the Presbyterian church,
smau, out ueat ana comtortaDie, on
Wednesday evening the 10th nist
Inclosing we refer to the fact
present to our mind d aring much of
this writing that Rev. Dr. Luther
McKinnon, formerly one of thejmost
prominent members of Wilmington
Presbytery and beloved - pastor of
the church at Goldsboro, now re
sides in Clinton and and had his
heart with the brethren, though be
cause ol a most serious physical
affliction he could not be with them.
It was sad to meet Dr. McKinnon,
whom we had known from early
youth, under circumstances ofsach
distress, yet encouraging ana even
helpful to see the cheertulneas with
which he had resigned himself to
the will of the Father, and to note
the interest he takes in all that Is do
ing for the pleasure and for the wel
fare of those both near and far. May
the God of all grace sustain him,
and the comforting presence of the
spirit of Christ abide and continue
with hiui.
Never use for school purposes
auy but the cleanest style of a
newspaper. Teach pupils al
ways to avoid reading accounts
of murd ers, suicides, accidents,
unless of public natures, gossip
Let your use of the newspapers
be such as to teach pupils how
importaut things they may dis
cover therein. Do not use the
newspaper merely as a spelling
or reading lesson, use it to maer
nify the best in it, and to estab-
lish habits of using it for the
best in it.-.-Warren Winthrop, in
School Teacher.
"Old Mr. Skinner is a
charitable man, isn't he ?"
yes ; oi course. Jtsut u he ever
casts his bread upon the waters
he expects it to come back a
sardine sandwich."
Chauncey M. Depew's Address
the Sub-Treasury--Cleveland
Grows Eloquent at the
"We stand to-day upon the di
viding line between the first and
second century or Constitution
al Government. There are no
clouds over-head and no convul
sions under our feet. We rever
ently return thanks to Almighty
God for the past and with confi
dent and hopeful promise march
upon sure ground towards the
future The simple facts of
these hundred years paralyze the
imagination, and we contem
plate the vast accumulations of
the century with awe and pride.
Our population has grown from
four to sixty-five millions. Its
centre, moving westward 500
miles since J 89, is eloquent
with the founding of cities and
the birth of States. New settle
ments clearing the forests and
subduing the prairies, and add
ing four millions to the few
thousands of farms which were
the support of Washington's
Republic, create one of the great
granaries of the world and open
exbaustless reservoirs of Na
tional wealth.
"The infant industries, which
the first act of our first Admin
istration sought to encourage,
now give remunerative employ
ment to more people than in
habited the Republic at the be
ginning of Washington's Presi
dency. The grand total of their
annual output of 7,000,000,000
in value place the United States
firsf among the manufacturing
countries of the earth. One
half the total mileage of all the
railroads, and one-quarter of all
the telegraph lines of the world
within our borders, testify to
the volume, variety and value
of an internal commerce which
makes these States, if need be,
independent and self-support-
ing. These uunarea years oi
development under favoring po
litical conditions have brought
the sum of our National wealth
to a figure which has passed the
results of a thousand years for
the mothpr land, herself, other
wise the richest of modern em
"During this generation, a civil
war or unequalled inagniiuae
caused the expenditure and lops
of eight thousand millions of
dollars, and killed 600,000 and
permanently disabled over a
million young men, and yet tbd
impetuous progress of the North
and the marvellous industrial
development of the new and free
South have obliterated the evi
dences ot destruction ana maoe
the war a memory, ami nave
stimulated production uuui our
i- 1J -1 1 .! . il
annual surplus nearly equals
that of England, France and
Germany combined. The teem
ing millions of Asia till the pa
tient soil, and work the shuttle
and loom as their fathers have
done for ages ; modern Europe
has felt the influence and receiv
ed the benefit of the incalcula
ble multiplication of force by
inventive genius since the Na
poleonic wars ; and yet, only two
hundred and sixty-nine years
after the little band of Pilgrims
landed on Plymouth Rock, our
people numbering less than one
fifteenth of the inhabitants of
the globe, do one-third of its
mining, one-fourth of its manu
facturing, one-tif th of its agri
culture, and own one-sixth of its
This realism of material pros
perity, surpassing the wildest
creations of the romancers who
have astonished aud delighted
mankind, would be full of dan
ger for the present and menace
for the future
if the virtue, in-
telligence anl
independence of
the people were not equal to the
wise regulation of its abuses.
But following the growth and
power of the great factors .whose
aggregation of capital made pos
sible the tremendous pace of the
settlement of our National do
main, the building of our great
cities and the opening of the
lines of communication which
have unified our country and
created our resources, have come
National and State legislation
and supervision. Twenty mil
lions a vast majority of our
oi intelligent age ac-
knowledging the authority of
their several churches, twelve
millions of children in the com
mon schools, 345 univessities
and colleges for the higher edu
cation of men and 200 for wo
men, 450 institutions of learn
ing for science, law, medicine
and theology, are the despair of
the scoffer and the demagogue,
and the firm support of civiliza
tion and liberty.
Steam and electricity have
changed tbe commerce not ouly,
they have revolutionized also
thtj governments of the world.
They have given totheprea its
power and brought ill races and
nationalities into touch and sym
pathy. They have tested and
ars trying the strength f all
systems to stand the strain and
conform to the conditions which
follow the germinating influen
ces of American democracy. At
the time of the inauguration of
Washington seven rojal fami
lies ruled as many kingdoms in
Italy, but six of thtm have seen
their thrones overturned aud
their countries disappear fiom
the map of Europe. Most of
the Kings, Princes, Dukes and
Margraves of Germany, who
reigned despotically and sold
their soldiers for foreign service
have passed into history, a nd
their heirs have neither prerog
atives nor domain. Spam has
gone through many violent
changes and the permanency of
her present government seems
to depend upon the feeble life
of an infant Prince. 1 ranee,
our ancient friend, with repea1
and bloody revolutions, has tri
ed the government of Bourbon
and Convention, of Directory
and Consulate, of Empire and
Citizen King, of hereditary Sov
ereign and Republic, of Empire,
and again Republic. The Ilaps
burg and the Hohenzollcrn, af
ter convulsions which have rock
ed the foundations ef their
thrones, have been coiopelled to
concede constitutions to their
people and to divide with them
the arbitrary power wielded so
autocratically and brilliantly by
Maria Theresa and Frederick
the Great, The royal will of
George the Third could crowd
the American colonies into re
bellion, and wage war upon them
until they were lost to his king
dom, but the authority ot the
Crown has devolved upon min
isters who hold office subject to
the approval of the representa
tives of the people, and the
equal powers of the House ot
Lords have become vested in
the Commons, leaving to the
Peers only the shadow of their
aucient privileges. But to-day
the American people, after all
the dazling developments of the
ceutury, are still happily living
under the Government of Wash
ington. The Constitution during
all that period has been amend
ed only upon the lines laid down
in the original instrument and
in conformity with the recorded
opinions of the Fathers. The
first great addition was the in
corporation of a Bill of Rights,
and the last the imbedding into
the Constitution of the immor
tal principle of the Declaration
of Independence of the equali
ty of all men before the law.
No crisis has been too perilous
for its powers, no evolution too
rapia for its adaptation, and no
expansion beyond its easy grasp
I T . - - .
hA administration. it nas as
similated diverse nationalities
with warring traditions, cus
toms, conditions and languages,
imbued them with its spirit and
won their passionate loyalty and
The flower of the youth of
the nations of Jontmental Ji.u-
r i p
rope are conscripted iroro pro:
ductive industries and drilling in
eamns. Vast armies stand in
battle array along tbe iratiers,
and a Kaisers whim pr a flints-
ter's mistake may precipitate
the most destructive war ot
modern times. Both monarchi-
cal and republican governments seeking safety m tlie repres-
sion and suppression ot opposi
tion and criticism. Th volca
nic forces of democratic aspira
tion and socialistic revolt are
rapidly increasing and threaten
peace and security. We turn
from these gathering storms to
the British Isles and find their
people in the throes of a politi-
cal crisis involving the form and
aubatance of their Government,
and tneir statesmen far from
confident that the enirancnisen
and unprepared masses will
wisaly use their power.
But for us no army exhausts
our resources nor consumes our
youth. Our navy must needs
increase in order mat tne pro-
tecting flag may follow the ex-
pandmg commerce, which is to
succesiuiiy compete in an tne
markets of the world. . The sun
of our destiny is still rising, and
its rays illumine vast Territories
as yet unrccupied and undevel
oped, and which are to be the
happy homes of millions of peo
ple. The questions which affect
the powers of government and
the expansion or limitation of
the authority of the Federal
Constitution are so completely
settled and m unanimously ap
proved that our political divi
sions produce ouly the healthy
antagonism of parties which is
necessary for the preservation
of liberty. Our . institutions
furnish the full equipment of
shield and spear for the battles
of freedom and absolute protec
tion against every danger which
threatens the welfare of the
people will always be found in
the intelligence which appreci
ates their value and the courage
and morality with which their
powers are exercised. The spirit
of Washington fills the Execu
tive offloe. Presidents may nt
rise to the full measure of his
greatness, but they must not fall
below his standard of public
duty and obligation. His life
and character, conscientiously
studied and thoroughly under
stood by coming generations.
will be for them a libaral edu
cation for private life and pub
lic station, for citizenship and
patriotism, for love and devo
tion to the Union and Liberty.
With their inspiring past and
splendid present the people of
these United States, heirs of a
hundred years marvellously rich
in all which adds to the glory
and greatness of a nation, with
an abiding trust in the stability
and elasticity of their Constitu
tion and an abounding faith in
themselves, hail the coming cen
tury with hope and ioy."
George William Curtis gave
the following toast :
Our People of the United States:
Ex-President Cleveland of the
United States Not a mob nor
an oligarchy, nor a class: but
the great force of American pa
triotism, conscience, intelli
gence, energy and industry, nie
onlv sure foundation of States,
the sole hope of the Republic,
of which George Washington
and Abraham Lincoln are the
trust types in Americau history.
Ex -President Cleveland re
sponded as follows: "The men
tion of a people mn,y well sug
gest sober and impressive re
flections. The subiect was not
beneath the Divine thought
when the promise wis given to
the children of Israel, "I will
take vou to me for a people and
I will be to you a god." This
idea of Divine Relationship to a
people is also recognised in the
fervent utterance, 'Yea, happy
is that people whose God is the
"Wherever human govern
ment has been administered in
tyranny, in despotism on in op
pression there has neen round
among the governed yearning
for a freer condition and the as
sertion of man's nobility. These
are but tne laitermg Fteps oi
m m . m nil i A
human nature in the direction
of tbe freedom which is its birth
right,and they presage the strug
gle of men to become a free peo
ple and thus reach the plane o
their highest and best aspira
tions. In this relation and in
their cry for freedom, it maybe
truly said, the voice of the peo
ple is the voice of God.
"Tie influence of these reflec
tions is upon me as I speak of
thote who after darkness and
doubt and struggle, burst forth
in the bright , light of indepen
dence and liberty and be same
our people free, determined
and confident challenging the
wondur ot the universe, pro-
claiming the dignity of man in
voking the aid and favor of Al
mighty God. In sublime faith
and rugged strength, our fathers
cried out to the world. We, the
people of the United States, in
order o form a more perfect
union .establish justice and se-
cure he blessinsrs of liberty to
onrselvea and our nosteritv: d
ordain and establish this Con'sti-
tutiori for the United States of
America.' Tbu3 our people in
a day assumed a place among
the nations of the earth.
"One hundred years have
passed- Wc have announced
and approved to the world our
mission and made our destiny
secure. 1 will not tameiy recite
our achievements. They
written on everv of
kiatnrv. nnd the monuments of
all about us. e point to the
scattered graves of many thou
sands of our people who have
bravely died in defense of our
National safety and perpetuity,
mutely bearing testimony to
their love of countrv. and to an
invincible" living host standing
ready to t-nforce our National
rights and protect onr land-
"The enthusiasm which marks
the celebration of the centen
nial of the inauguration of their
first Chief Magistrate shows the
popular appreciation of the
value of the office which m omr
plan of government stands above
all others for the sovereignty of
the people, and is the repository
of Their trust, burely such a
people can be safely trusted
with their free government, and
there need be no fear that they
have lost the qualities which fit
them to be its custodians. If
they should wander, they will
return to duty in good time. If
they should be misled, they will
discover the true landmarks
none too late for safety, and If
they should even be corrupted,
they will ppeedily be fouui
seeking with peace offerings
their country' holy altar.
"Let us thou have an abiding
faith in our people. Let petu
lance and discontent with popu
lar action disappear before the
truth that in uny and all circum
stances the will of the people,
however it may be exercised, 1
the law of our National existence
the arbiter absolute and un
changeable by which we must
Itatd at tbe
OntennUl Celebration,
3uth, 1S89.
The Vow f WtKfciigUi.
The aword was shtlied in April's aun
Lay jrreen the li!d by Freedom won;
And several gections, weary of debate.
Joined hand at lat and were United State.
How felt th land in every part
The strong throb of a Xation'n heart.
As iU preat leader pave, with reverent awe,
Jim iJicujje 10 union, i.iuerty ana I -aw j
1 hat pledge the li.avt nn above him heard,
That vow the uleep of centnrea Htirred;
In world-wide wonder listening people bent
i urir guse on r reeaom great exiHTtment.
Could it succeed t Of honor sold
And hoiea deceived all historv told.
Above the wrecks that strewed the mournful
Was the long dream of ages true at last t
Thank (iod the people's choice wan Just,
The one man equal to his trust,
lse beyond lore, and withont weakness
Calm in the strength ot flawless rectitude.
His rule of justiee, order, peace.
Made possible the world's release;
Taught prince and surf that power is but a
And rule.alone, which serves the ruled, i just.
That Freedom generous is,but strong.
In hate of fraud and selfish wrong,
Pretense that turns her holy truths to lies.
And lawlses license masking in her quite,
Land of his love ! with one glad voice
Let thy trreat sisterhood reloiee:
A century s suns o'er thee have risen and set.
auu uou dc praisea, we are one nation yet.
And still, we trust, the years to be
Shall prove his hope was destinv,
Leaving our flag with all its added stars
Unrent by faction and unstained by wars !
Lo ! where with patient toil he nursed
And trained tbe new set plant at itrst,
The widening branches of a stately tree
Stretch from the sunrise to the sunset sea.
And in its broad and sheltering shade,
Sitting with none to make afraid.
Were e now silent, through each mighty
ii mo,
The winds of heaven would sing the praise
oi mm.
Our first and best ! his ashes lie
Beneath his own Virginian sky.
Forgive, f oraret, O true and lust and brave.
The storm that swept across thy sacred grave!
One people now, all doubt leyond,
His name shall be our Union-bond:
We lift our hands to heaven, and here and
Take on our lips the old Centennial vow.
Then let the sovereign millions, where
Our banner floats in sun and air.
From the warm paim-lands to Alaska's cold,
Kepeat witu us the pledge a century old !
There was no more pleasing
and significant feature of the
great celebration just conclu
ded than the splendid popular
reception given to the troops
from tho Southern Slates last
Tuesday. It was more than
hospitable it was friendly. It
was more than cordial it was
Upon several occasions since
the close of tho war the "blue
and the gray"have mingled in
civic celebrations, tiut never
before have large bodies of
Southern troops marched in
company with tho militia of
the North, each detachment
headed bj the Governor of its
state, and representing at once
the local independence of the
State and the oneness and su
premacy of tho Union. It was
a happy thought to have the
columns from the different
states march in the order of the
admission of the states into the
Uuion, This felicitous arrange
ment bridged over the period of
the war and took the minds of
the participants in and specta
tors of the pageant back to the
original and indissoluble com
The "more perfect the Union
who?e foundation was one of
th9 chief purposes of the Cons
titution is surely realized. It
has been welded in the fierce
heat of war and tempered in
the fires of anew and larger pa
triotism. When the people and
the soldier are thus united, pol
iticians will find little encour
aerement in attempts to sow
discord. N. Y. World.
The museum cf the ArUngton-
Gregoxy Hotel in this city, un
der the never tiring push of tbe
genial proprietor of this popu
lar hotel, Mr. Will Hunter, is
rapidly growing to repletness
and gaining, as it well deserves,
a reputation second to none in
the State. It is impossible to
keep up with the "latest add!
tions. Every day brings in
some new and rare curiosity to
the already innumerable collec
tion. Mr. Hunter is thinking
of devoting an entire room to
his crowing collection. Golds
boro Argus.
Thousands Present-Several Other
Speeches-The 13 Toung Ladies.
" 1 "
On the 25th dayof Mrch 1781 j
General Greene and Lord Corn-:
wall is fought the Battle of Guil
ford Courthouse about, five
miles froru Greensboro. This
turning battle of the great Kev-
olutionary struggle was celebra
ted on the site of the battle lat
Saturday. A large parade, with
eight military companies, xeza
headed by thirteen young ladies
dressed in the stars and stripes.
Seuator Vance, the orator of the
day, ww followed by Gov.JFowle,
Justices Smith, Sheperd and Da-
iris, Auditor Sauderlin and oth
ers. V e are sorry that we can t
give Vance's speech in full, but
it would make four or five col
umns in our paper, so we select
the following extracts:
Mv Fellow Citizens: "From
time immemorial that portion
of the hum in racee which has
left any record of its actions.
has indulged the practice of com
memorating the notable events
of its history. The method by
which tbis was done was a good
test of their civilization. In
Genesis, it is recorded that Ja
cob took the stone upon which
his head had rented, whilst tho
the wondrous vision waa dis
played to him of the angels as
cending and descend ing.and erec
ted it as a memorial pillar. .1-
gam, when tne iord appearad
to Jacob when he came out of
Padan aram and blessed him
and removed the promises
which had been made unto A-
braham, Jacob set up a pillar of
stone In the placo as a memori
al, and called it Bethel. Twelve
stones were likewise set up in
commemoration of of the cross
ing of the river Jordan by the
tribes dry shod. The sacred
record is full of this method
of perpetuating the memory of
noted events by the priests,
prophets and pc ople of the Jews.
The Assyrians and Egyptians
did likewise but in more elab
orate manner. In fact the on
ly record by which we trace the
history of the East is by deci
phering the inscriptions upon
their monuments and memorial
structures. So enduring as
monuments are the great pyra
mids that mankind lias almost
forgotten the pnrpose for which
they were erected and by whom.
They have actually outlastwd
all knowledge or traditioiu;oii-
cerning them. The Greeks ex
celled all others perhaps in the
number and artistie excellence
of their commemorating stones.
Not only all great eveits, but
all their great men were thus
commended to the attention of
posterity, by the erection of
temples and statues, which
h ave never yet been surpassed,
if indeed, they have been!
led. The Romans copied their
custom and their art in this re
gard. To this day thev remind
us of the genius and glory of
Greece. In very truth,
The silent pillar, lone aud gray,
Claims kindred with their sacred diiy.
Much of the profoyndest learn
ing of modern times has been
devoted to thesa exhibitions of
Greek art and the Egyptology
of the Nile. Thus the progress
of art is traced, from the rude
unhewn stone of Jacon lo the
exquisitely chiseled and propo r
tioned column of the Athenian
Acropolis, and the wondrous
structures of Egypt.
After all that can be done with
marble or granite, the t uest
monument b"' which the mem
ory of any event can be perpet
uated is to be found in the re
suits. It rarely happens that
an event in a people's histo. y is
worth the perpetuating in stone
which is not already everlasting
ly embalmed in the hearts of
the people. What monument
required to keep' alive the mem
ory of the man who invented
the mariners compas by which
the trackless paths of the sea
are made as familiar to com
merce as our Inter-State hhrh-
ays? What stone is necessary
to the inventor of the art of
printing; when all science and
literature daily, unconsciously
hymn his praise? shaft
is needed by the inventor of the
f team engine, when the whole
earth is full of the works, which
magnify him ? or to tbe discov
er of the cotton gin by which
the world is clothed ? Does
the memory of the great physi-
clans wbose genius ha- mitiga
ted human suffering depend up
on a pile of stones ? Or do the
great lawyers to whom acumen
we are Indebted for the chlf
liberties nf the people need our
care ? For themselves no; but
for ourslves, to f how our grati
tude and appreciation, to remind
us we, too, can make our live
aubl ime yea. Their great a
chievements are their moni
menU, for, verily, their work
do follow them and any nhafts
wo may erect are rather ours
thin thelra. They testify not
so much of their deeds, as of
what lives in our hearts. Phil
osophy of Ihia la found In the
explanation of the wise and wit
ty Cato, the Censsr, who said
that he had rather have the
stranger ask why he had no
statue, than to ask why he had
one. In tbe walls of St. Paul,
Is inserted a tablet ou whloh is
written the name of Sir Chris
topher Wren, its architect, with
tho words underneath "Lector
se iconuraentum requlris, clr
cumspice." The Imposing struc
ture reaching upward with all
its lines of beauty and streugth,
was his monument!
Should tho inquiry be made,
what was done at his pot in
1731? and where is the monu
ment of results to commemorate
it, the mswer might well be
made In the single word, "Cir
cuinspice." Beyond question
the foundation of Atnericiu lib
erty was laid on this spot, on
that noted day in March, 1781.
A brief and philosophical con
sideration or the military situ
ation of thaso colonies, and of
tho events which immediately
preceded and followed the strug
gle here, will satisfy any one
that the importance of that
day's work is not over-rated by
this statement."
Then briefly but graphically re
lating and describing the lead
ing events of that momcntoin
compaigr of Ixrd Cornwall Is
from Charleston to Greensboro,
the Senator asks what UUu mon
ument our patriotic. MoMur$ of '7u
erected for Uxmsclcc t
"What then was their work?
What is the monument which
they that day erected to them
selves as seen iu the result?
Suppose an intelligent stranger
were here and he were told to
search for that monument by
looking around, what would he
see ? He would behold a free and
independent commonwealth,
which for more than a hundred
years has enjoyed the blessings
of liberty and which has ad
vanced steadily without retro
gression or anarchy in all tho
paths of prosperity and civiliza
tion. With lift v thousand square
miles of territory containing
thirty-lwo millions of acres, of
which at least twenty-nine mil
lions are arable and two thou
sand square miles of which are
inland seis, this area extends .
east and west for six hundred
miles in length with an average
breath ef a hundred and forty.
In it is found a general eleva
tion from tide water to the
mountain tops of six thousand
feet, giving tho varieties of cli
mate which aro to be found
within twenty degrees of lati
tude north and nouth. The va
riety of productions are abund
attly commensurate with theo
varietiej of soil and climate.
Her forests have always been
remarkable, and still are, for
their trreat extent and value,and.
the treasure.' within her bosom
have barely begin to bo explor
ed and exjKied. Not to mention
smaller tre i n , this area is tra
versed by threj thousand miles
of wato courses ot the dignity
of fiver, furnish ing In their
gradual fall from Um western
highlands into the sea, water
power sufficient to turn all the
machine: y of the world, This
happily lcdtd lmd, at on:e
profltable,jleasAnt and pictures
que, containing ail the bestgif ts
of (iod to his creatures, Is the
home ;f the children of the
men who made it free and es
tablished its institutions and
laws with a view lo the happi
ness of its people. So well did
they build that after ino.e than
a century of trial no flaw has
been found in the structure, m
weakening, no evidence of de
I have said that the fruit of
their labors constituted the true
monument of our ancestors; that
for themselves no other ws
needed, but that others were
needed fof us. That for our
own sakes we should celebrate
and erect shafts in order to dem
onstrate what was in our own
hearts. It has long been a mat
ter of reproach that Ncrth Car
olina has done so little to per-
Continued oa the Fourth rage.J

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