:- Jwfc ....
aaiWMa'1'-1-' '"' ' " """ ... 1111 ' 1 T 1
( Ii'.f KVKKV Tilt Hi- DA V,
Cjr MARION UlTLEU,
h i', r l'r i"r.
I If q fH
Show U.;h Pup r to your neigh-
I Ml ;U vj,s mju w rsuu-
V ar, i
ruro Doiuoornoy xxcl Wlilto aupromo7
CLINTON, N. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1889.
j; Wilt it pay yoa to erliso
ln Tiik Caucasus ?
D Iiook at oar adrtrtUin& col
iam!L and you will we how
Ktt. aim ft fl fit lKv ft
I ht -800 Fubucriber in
He htvi stood high in Lis cl iss. and at Bubirimtorl&lcamri2n of 11. iTw ''Union'', i
.' 1 . , . "... . . .
THE CONFEDERACY FORMED.
A PERSONAL DIGRESSION.
i UK SOUTH EUN COX
FFDKUAOY DMA I).
Jt-tTt;u Hat U trj WatUlntoa for tbe
I i lira. r ,
Carolim. led off In secession; Uis-Jj
Faults of Ad
g they rra-sined little er none of Um rr-und j
;kmuiM spring; ana in
Km in vom spring; u vsnesujer mewl
r? .Wit rtavia frtfc1 a tnur tk ... '
t- onco entered on active dutv. thouli for some ; Pwty, as it was called, carried the
I' time comrTiiis-i.n;d only n a brevet ocond ' i 'i-W rnajority on tu convention question, f
,vl J - . .7 v (,.duv South
t.i peaceiuj limes, out ue .x)i won hU full com- li vw a mnnrjcawo proof ol the popular-; 1 i.Zl:..77Z f? And here tbs biocraohar of J-ff-r-,
utuT.iAi, uura jouiuani'ill-l' " " itu rmsnouuiliwpit.i.in. - . VM is mmniIIml tn likn nnt mi nnM.Ll.. . .. . . .1
atr.,t.,l l,U nr-n.,i,i., U In the wnato. and now rrmjimp.! in r.lir-?3 " l" rucoum ui hum awmpw a - ; . ""-'KUWIMlUniUlmiia M ft BUlXtaxT DOVcr. f:
'of the coininittee of thirteen in tba aenata,' UD i-o w.anu, uu "iibur to Vickbur ueod not U dataiWLl
v . .i i u . . rear hod a furkma climax, and ia tlll li . . ii
proposition for compromise at auch a timet wtth rauch tltturQ Without indorsing
oubt to cou.b from northern men. and. narn pamppic. of nuwia rollard and
Vr Ur-ii tDea wb t standine was a ruar-S03- Thomaa Jordan, w eren tba milder
A BIG DAY.
luUtrallo. Irsed Aral4 ?mP. from which U UtmcJ CT(Uy.M
riexumnz aaarwa u um mooml but UmU
R claims in It wer jut TUe CoufooWacy u AT
of ymiftlhy ml hnok of
Vitcc! by all the KTvt itruss)oH tht
TIIK SAMlO.n FA 1 1
(fantry and bUff cfilwr on tlio north webtcrn Tl'1 iU hen 1116 can,v;as0'1 1roral
( trr.nn. R state for the Democratic candidates.
a rue year 1WI brouUt a surprise and many A
j promotion). Liuck Ilawk enterol on Liafa-n
raou cauipai-u, ana Jeaerson uavu wa at tj Ilia Able AUmli.l.lrutlon ,.t
WAR SECRETARY DAVIS.
l,ouy; :tiii Ttlost lOvnit till (!a
.i'v in ISiisimH, W:ir :ini
iKEGRKAT SOUTHERN HEART KOURNS
ITS IRREPARABLE L033.
onco given an active and retsponaiblo position ?j artmenu
vo raiiwir m am orKama ti.e new recruiU March 4, 1SJ, President Franklin Tierce'
' ;:r"r.. d .-crtary coosontod to sist. ,ing:
, f '"ij jwar. mat oi nerce was a strong cabinet,!
- - i( ana socreiary luvu was certainly among me,:
'. comiuunded by Cat. Abraham Lincoln, but ; strongest men in it. Men of all parties agree'J
, u:.v m uu iwuu oi is.. -r : tnat bta administration of the war depart-V
, CAMPAIGNS AGAINST THK ISDIASH. m,.nt wan marked bv ability anil nnrv m4'J
j Early in 133 Lieut Duvi was transferred many old officers testify that of all secre-H
from Lin place in Company B, First United 'd tarles in their time Col. Davis was (savo forN
.fitates iufuutry, and in recognition of hisJhis quarrol with Ocu. Scott) most popular
services in mo inue. iiuwx war was tiroruo- 5 with the armv. IIo n
Tbs year closed under ths black shadow of f.iv. Pnu lo Ilrt. lvr i:
coming doom. 1
Tha real arreatQesg of JsSia-Kxi Davis liono'l HtitH.
conspicuously as disasters thickened. Ue
f J ante of good faith-a poiUon highly praised 2 P8 t'1Jhnf " aad uregrd, resolutely defended his appointee, and as- f.j
A in the north at the time. A liUle laUr ho J1 ??!fr 00 ."Ksumed the respousibOity wbcrfver it was notS
promo- j with the army. IIo reorganized almost the
tl to a first lieutenancy lu the First United W entiro service, drafted a new code of army
TL,iuni.CiBuJ ..y 'IragfK.of which command he was H regulations, introduced the light infantry
ino iiiiuio juuiuionu wunitu in mc toon mmlrf n11ut.-iit. In this nrxtnn --(t.,i. .i, .v. . .
1 1 1 1
I m i . . . i
;ot cameis ior u-ansportaLion on me suuia-4
Presidoat Davis made two sorious
t-should one say fatal! mistakes: theono was
i.madu a very briiliant recoil, not only as anO
,i organiwr una cuiciuie admlulstrator in gar- ?3 western deserts, added four regiments to the'
rlSOIl life, Hit Ul hOVeral aCtlVO CamDaitrnsMrnil.nr nrmr find Imnrnvnl tha nnti
i x.. ihm'i, ! -nSait)ht the Coinnuches, Pawnees and otheriltemof sea coast defeases. He also had tlio'i
ji..Vl!S X) I'-l-U 1H-Indiuus. And it hi at this stage of hte caroerg boundaries between Mexico and the United "1
IIII HIM. -:that active, ouo might say acrid, criticism S States fixed accurately, and secured the com-1
r, (jrst concerns itself with Jefferson Da v ia. Ruleto survey and almost the adoption of theJ
hTU, l. I.. I.. .... .i . V ..
ijiuuk! niw (kimsi. iu uiuiuuuug iuo i southern route ror a tactile railroad.
y downfall of tho Boutheru Confederacy to pi sent Capt. Oeorgo 11. McClellan and
lal lew vc Ks the vcnt'inbli-r Preaident Davis allego that thus early ho ex-1 other officers to the Crimea to study tho mill
i-M.ii Davis has be.n eon lined to hi uloltu,l tl10 same faulU and virtues which h tarv tactics of the armies there (in lS54-'5) M .nnH of th ntA
will. ! 'tveroc ii-'hnnli:.r!1tlcvl.r?B,ar. . ttaimulBtra,t,ou 111 Sator and'andwasso pleased with their report that ho means by which I could avert the catastro-SI Ho had not served long enough lathe army
' "-"" '" l 11 rf.croater dwee with each successive increase mf-Atnoil warm wrannnl fivUncn. tnr thom'-l-i .1 i . to acauire familiarity with mihtarr adminis-M
It t r i i , . . . i' v " , ... II - o i yuo vi a au uiiKra uci.ctu i.utj bwuvlu ui iuu -j - - - fx;
IfiiioVMi lii'in li its liono at 15':uivo:r.'of ranlf and power. Tho greatest fault al-i.1ovon thmno-h thn Hvil af ..:i. t i i s.. f tration: neither had his avocation in Charles-M
New Orliaii" wliwv lu'V'1. pornaijs, is uureasonablo attachments With the ovents of Trident Pierce's ad-0f tile readiness with which I would make011 brought him in relation with men engaged g
thre n mv saeriflce which I"' latKB tuiiimertuu aixiurs. a uu iiuui, mm
the altar of my country to s "",,uu UU F' u.iai,iou eiuce
il I i If V wi'l H I Jtvillr V it'll iiiiiiiijs. UMrnriior nil r nn
presem or prospecuve, DOyj ; " . TT 11 71 r Tl fc!
iuuiuu u oiiuer, ua uiu nui uesiutus bo maaeu
(common to him and nearly all tha leaders on
gM both sides, the other peculiarly his own. It
R was a manifestatloa of that spirit which is
Soften praised as the quality of "always
sticking to one's friends" a very amiable
? quality indeed in a private man, but on
which in a com mander-in-chief in tima of
f ? war may be a criminal folly. A most un
y happy Instance is thus set forth by Gen.
: Tnaoas Jordan, chief of staff to Gen. Beau
f : regard:
b "Mr. Davti bad been at West Point, and
! 7 nluutfinofitl. fv . 1 . 1. A
I dragoons at a frontier post with a Lieut. Nor-
i throp, to whrm ho became attached. The
latter was disabled by an accident, went to
I his homo and turned parish doctor. Mr.
T . T i . : .. i : . r v. .
THJt WH1TX H0USK OF TIIK CONFEDERACY, ki' icuuj in nuie a politician, ueus.
'If. in thn oninion of e h it h tvsihl Korthrop grew so eccentric andfull of mental
formatrtHo nvthin fnr t.kMfn frruvl crotchets as to be generally regarded InH
the last moment while I stand here is at the'! Charleston as of unsound intellect and unfit
i . .i i. t i, . for the manamnent of bis own small affalra
ii i cuuiu sen auvn : " t
clearly thein. Us regained the UarU of NvftinD PKOCtbSlON TO FAIR GROUNDS
the people and almost nullified the opposition vj
in the congress. A ooionilttee of lnvastiga- -
oon enter.! nnoo Its werk in a hostile suirlt. :?
and ended by indorsing almost ewy one of. GOV. FOWle'S Eloquent AddreSSftfid
ue patent's acta, aad eren exoueratef Introduction,
him from serious blame la the mattes i
of Commissary Korthrop. Be xarted J
himself heroically in preparing for then
campaign of 18o. and it opened with GEN. FIT Z HUGH LEE'S GREAT SPEECH
some slight socoesBee. All the rest of thsLl
Pyear presents a palnfol record of detperaten
. . .' ,. ' . ' &to a few friends and corresponding prejudice ministration congress and the country may H the effort. If the
HV.:U nvcn.r l-tUTi:,r-:,oaI ns!..t:ui-..ftgaist other persons. ibo said to have entered in full course urxnl could offer on th
In f;i(c ol tin; in.uv !lian t'o.ir-scorci It was while in this service that Lieut. Da-fcUhe proceedings which led to tho civil war.O heal all the evils.
Si-ar tl: l'liysiii:m- m oiiia't'il
i c. thev were cavalry lieutenants tocether on the
if . K 'J - - UCOl DJl lllO OT IU Ul ViSliW VI L'l UOUCVbl , O, UV . ..... .
th,.iTi3WOOcJ and won a daug hter of the eminent H It is not to bo expected that any American?! man has the right to doubt my readiness to"! Indian ' rontier, he di d not hesitate to make
j-. eiiei ui iiuu pienioeub, mutual y i)iur. "erj icouid at this timo zsulo a uispassionato anuw
luck to lis
i tried (o t wi oiii a'f! Mic flMlKi-S-jnther was la coimnand of Fort Crawford, fcj philosophical view of that part of history.H With only two or three exceptions tho de-t with the organization and administration of
..... . I . .... I " ' ' . ' H i M . ' "J I I I . r-.fi i "O , . 44 bUUU . VIUHIII1 L.J ...I . J h J . W bUV jL 1UV1 7 J
I'.fillU! Willi !li:-4 Wfilitoil vi'O!
Itut from t!iu lie"iriiii:i!r
f beautiful aud retinod young lady, was thotinal events and auote briefly tho matur nxi .immi.rW oim and HiimifioH Kiv.j nnt.riiiirr.,i nrmio. miut Hpti nnd fnr
i ,f nttrni-tljin nrirM..r tUa mi)LfM.fl inn fa . I 4 . i 1 1 1 A . . . t . , , ........ ... .
..v.. ... w.... w.. OUu.uiuoo( nuugmeui, ui menus uuu iura. IJ un tno uist or January, 1901, tno senators jriae laDors oi wnicn it is apparent tee souna-
,? center i
ivii lind ii.si-tel dial I
".it:it I or jni;o liiijx lt i
Jiff. Tiie trciiu'iidoiis viial
liatl k) Ions ffi.xlaiiif tl liim
ti iii'' ordeal.", would n
to tlui tK.'iiiiiiul.i of I.;.
Mr. 3 officers.
Innnmerablo are the romantic sto-
Jiis cast! wnsrlesof their rivalries, tho final success of Lieut M March, 1857, the le,
lit. m nmed ioMDavls' tho l,ittor PPoition o the "stern Selected Mr. Duvis
1 c 1 "tu lu'parent"andold Indian fighter, and tho final "A for the term to
At his retirement from the cabinet ItXjZ
igislature of Mississippi had j drew.
lift er ibau an ycue 1 1 t; liow near-departuro by nhcut of tho vouuc couple to1
out was the golden llu ead ol ta married by a priest on the western bank of
ial energy tl.atJ
under score of:j
o loimci' resMKinii.T t.
iciuli! will U-s
hut there was no le
fared the future an lie
culm and resolute.
had faced the
JEFFERSON DAVIS' BIRTBPLACK.
tho Mississippi. Let the young aud romantic fcitement; lie is the last person a spectator
i i , i i . t : CM..m i. ai ' FJ3 - - - ' - ' ' '
C3e lo , , r ,? , " would pick out as te flro eatSr.' In hisown
Luine lamer remainea oouuraw ior some ume. Mcountrv h is Intonsnlv llovl chleflv from
t J in-law till tho latter lay wounded in Lis tent ft
Wof the battlo of Sliiloh.
S j ..... .
appear to have been tnese, or very near mem:
"Colonel, von hava saved tho dav God M
----- - - : i
Ehis chief of subsistence, nor scruple to Intrusts!
parturo of southern statesmen as their states ja tu-eau upon which the very existence of
- a.j i .1 j : : n . i t ' . 1. n j ; . J i 1 .
from Florida. Alabama and ilississiPDi with-feest practical order of intellect was essential.
Mr. Blaine praises the manner of Scn-fl It would be easy to find Confederates of
OS unltea btates senator SJ ator Davis, addinc: "oman jrave nn niorehis-h rank and annroved indrrinent in mlli-
. --- : - - o- --- o- - - -rr--.--
close iuarcn 4, istw. aoil than Mr. Davis in .oimntr the revolt atrainst1
leated debates Of the W tha TTnion Tn hia fnrTVplI miilrpfa t.o t!in7mpnf. nn.1 tan rthtr nsthn nuiln cniKMnf
time.maintainingflie rather extreme southerns senate there was a tanoof moderation andthe downfall of the Confederacy
view, ana witnan aointy ana courtesy wnicujidistnitv not unmixed with recretful and ten 13 WHO foresaw a lono WARI
r nliMftvl wnrm rrnlca Avon frnm hlc frma Tha , i j : r
1 ) : . TT 1 - 11 - ! 1 . 1L 1 4 ..I. . D ,1
S euicor 01 xiarper a iteeniy una iub wifitu Ul
UllLl 111 4 -J .
Iii tho north, CoL Davis
a somewhat unjustly, perhaps-as a type of thejj""" ';:rY'X.t Kfew, a very few, thoughtful men hi tha north,
struggle against -the tneritable: tvenr ric-
tot was barren, every defeat lrremedlabla I'tiio niul UnpreCt'tloiitetl llx
Tirorlj J Jaaton, t801 5 lilblt lit livery l mrt i.icnt.
of Hood and the restoration of Johnston, the 2
"shelving" ef Beauregard and the break wh
Governor Browa, of Georgia tbore is not
space to discuss them. Are they not argued
and reargued at length In the magazines!
Gen. Uod came nobly to the rescue by ae
sumlng full responsibility, and Governor
Brown was so far reoonclled as to cease seri
VUGBT AND CAI-TUHS.
The wild projects tn the Confederate con
gress In the winter of 1S64-'S were bat the
frenzies of dissolution and despair. Military W
movements really decided everything and in 13
'Juvc mado ihcm !rouf roinmon-
hh. Ttity wcrp all.t! Ia many
r -i in-Ti V UV PVH VI ir
Liuli KKm- the oll ot North CVwt
llina. la fvt tl MaI arc s much
tUVo that It b ImiKiUo to tell
4 here onocoinniencvw anl th other
Jntom. In CacI ho ant tltiv.
hl Uvn a long lime tnitur to tie.
Itlo whirh &i one Htuto nnl which
wm the olhtT, mid to neither of
hetu knew. II hlruelf iiurrktl a
Wllhltl llf fJrtV Uilll.J. I... an. I it...
v. v , , a v' IV -f 11V 14 1 vi HIV
governor wens of about tho isamo
hltc ami harw (herv h rvUtetl an
M.itiiu.iuK aiiecluto loU by (tovemar
Vuneo of a rhild'e romkr that (lov.
pernor were alwaa nle or Mjr
IIo wai jrUJ h was here, for iiKh
fmeetins do much g-ood. It car
fried him I ack to tho time when
Before Senator Davis could
' As to the other charge so persistently urged,
reach homi-f Jthat Mr. Davis was "not able to compre-
vis is regarded iMisslssippi had appointed 1dm commander in hen "fe Proportions of the struggle lmpend
s JatvrofthKcaiefof all her forces, with the rank of major tho obviou answer is. Who .was! A
s as a type 01 tne S j , ... ' . . ..,. , t few. a verv few. thouirhtf ul men hi tha north.
On tho 4th of Februury, 1S01, dele-
1 1 r a.... 1 1 ciiui ui. wu I'tiu iiu vi i;ui uui r . 1 uwv f . ... . .
Ljsouiueru iiro eiiuji-. iuauy peisous wuo imvsf." - - M wuo urew tneir conclusions largely trom nis-
never seen him fancv him auarrelsome. petu-L,b - Bftirw T,rv1ifml n Innrr nn-1 liitt.r etrnorrln. in
Slant, hotheailed.turbule.it. His abearance ingomery. Ala- Mid BOOn adopted a constltu- ,J j,.f, ,i,'
y theto .!. nnt iustlf v these views. A nrim. Kon for the Confederate states. On tho 9th K ZTZZr&tZZ Z ' . 0
r : ' . x 1 TflP- ini vo mvj ""- av
Ksmooth looking man, with a precise manner, ra"" uiuu, y
ll'etilf oa lime e unrei'iim anil rrl 1 1 Tnroelfn 1 - o.w.u.. -r"- " -
his head fuller, seemingly, of statistics and
hard, dry principles than anything else; his
voice cool and firm, without tremor or ox-
his kind and gentle disposition. lie is a man
P5r nrViTv ILf icrt-Ic-fl tI mev nrol I Ka e-ii-ii1 "
w . . k?ii m uuiu AtA iJoi 1 J ix uiu t au iii vy lava.
Matter the battle ot Buena -ista. inoro aro He also took an active part in opposing the
as many accounts of what was said there aeM-. . snoliation hilI A advocating the
-fnt th hnt.tlA of Klnloh. fjnn. Tavlor's words PS . .. -
k. ' it Im.'ii iniitm fnr rlia I'amnA iflilr1rinrt Ma
the so-called "Lecompton party" in con-
i A Whpo til rtnt"l ifrt 4- 1J rnn TAtirrlno n-nrl
1.1 t r11 ..,.,1,1 1, n .t,rt " Vl'KWO.VA W W VU6IUO, 1U
pjiuMaejuu: ...... ioujr -uj fa debate with the latter iwoptmnded the onwj
ruvas a butter judsro of a man than I was." . . , . , ... .. . .
EIGHT TEARS A rl.AXTEU.
president. Alexander II. Steph
named for vice president and inaugurated at
once. On the ICth Mr. Davis arrived; on
the 18th he was inaugurated.
THE CONFEDERATE CABINET.
He named for his cabinet: Robert Toombs,
uot Georgia, secretary of stato; Leroy Pope
waiicer, 01 iuaoama, secretary 01 war;
Charles G. Momminger, of South Carolina,
secretary of the treasury; Stephen R. Mai
From a war time portrait.
fit celebrated queries and propositions which
. . . . . , , , Ul 1? T 11UU1 I.U17 AlllllVld acuuuvi Ilia) 1U1UU1U
June SO. lttii. Lieut. Davis resicned his .VS.. ,
f'i . . ' , ', , nts- tneory as to tno nrnt or a territorial legisia-
commission and located in MissiSSlpri. whereg a(iopt ..unfrjend,y legislation" against
uuanui i.fcui. jvuio iu, Mui.-u ui slavery, ana his article m tiarper's aiagazmo,
jACottou planter. Then camo a "crisis;" tho jg which set forth tho croad of the "Douglas
annexation of Texas may be taken as tho & Democrats." The breach was now complete.
h first issue over winch distinctively northern Meantime, in the summer of 1S58, ho made
.... ; .....i..i.Sna sonthorn parties conlrontea each other. a tour for health and pleasure through the
---InlWo Lieut. Davis took an active and most Keastcrn states, delivering several addresses,
lie was ...M.etl Willi a conCSii C eiuiujjenectivc part tn tuo sta to campaign ana mlu which the warmest attachment to the
t'ld every one knew a well as M DavisB 1814 be was onu of tbH Uamocratlc electors d uuion avowed always, however, with a
' ....... " rJ.for MississippL In 1845 he was elected aHnroyiso. exmessed or imoliod. that atrres-
lum.M-ii mat Jie CUtl was nc.11. X iurepresentativo in congres3, and in December Ksjons upon tho south would certainly be metS
hil words he nook's were at 7 o'cloc.-'.'aof that year took his seat in the house. Itbwith resistance. Soma of these addresses
Mis Da o(Vermr him some mcdicine.Mwas caUM l?0".!1 .stor. 8esi1.0?'.' b.ui "iSbavo a strange sound now. In a letter ac-
. , . . retrosiject alter tue longsossion or ls-iu-ou, lty knowledging an invitation to Join in a Boston
I . . v ii t . 1 iwiiw il ue.l ! flirt irnnl IfiCT irftCiTitt' a i t 1 &3 0 J .
11.; ..io-in i. .., .ue. wvmiMv ai.'.giwas tuougui. iiiiuL f ' celebration of tho birthday of Daaiol Web-
'I'ray, excuse me." lie sradually srrewM Mr. Davis txk an active part lu the dis-1 6ter, in January, 1859, ho wrote:
weiker aud for hours lav silenUv clasn-fUSeilo!l,s " the ta.n1!' the Oregon boundary fj you mj cordial greetings to the
inland tfiulerly earc-ss-iug th
his wife and with
spirit awaited the end,
belioved the contest
If there was one who,
h from the beginning, anticipated a four years'
war, he succeeded admirably in concealing
his views. That President Davis, his cabinet
and all his advisers shared the current delu
sion that the war would be short and its thea
tre confined principally to the coast and the
border between the two sections, is certain.
Such belief was the parent of many errors.
In the first place, it was estimate:! that the 13
south had almost arms enough, and the first or-
i l-i : 1 1 . . T., .1 1.
101 v , 01 i1 oi mo. bc-i cull y ui luu iiav v , i uuuu ra , . . . . . , rmA 1 n 11
n i, . . '.. J , j t 1 tt E der sent to Europe was for but 10,000 Lnfield
. J ., J . w. , ' U
Reagan, of Texas, postmaster general Ins
$ the divisions which soon arose, Messrs.
TAn.tw j vr ..i
xwiuua. iiauvi ana luuuiiuiuci iL.iicu,i3r . . . , . . .
hand, issue bonds to pay the owners, export
I rifles 1 Before the blockade could bo mode
effective it was urged that the Confederate
government should take the cotton and. to-
the others remained in the cabinet to the last.
i lieu juuiui nuo iiuumai i j ucuiicu . . . , , . - , , .... ' .
. . I, ti w -i Ir . r4 tn stuff to Europo, and make it the basis of
being the "ruling spirit." He was amongl? .A tn ,? t,,,. -,..a n
tho last to leave Richmond and to part with
Prneijtiitif ni-i.' n nannnii! 1 rT.t on Irrt.
: . u i:i.4. tj u uM tremendous.
became a BritLh subject, and soonontered ouh bl mUJ F01 in tho
a career at the bar so brilliant and successf ulp was oHerod to the government on favorable
that it caused his American failures to be alii frms- proposition, were rejected or
mtfrnttn II ignored, and the golden opportunity soon
a tuna to draw upon, l he owners gonerauy
3j were willing, and the effect would have been
At tho same time a considera-
13 s. tin IJf I L &J5S&L li
1 W '
A LABUF. ATTKNUAXf E FB(M AIJulXit,trugsletl shoulder to houiaor fbr a
ISfi roiSTIKS AM TRKSCXnoi'M ftinmoii Independence. Ajraln,
CROWDS 0 EVERY TRAIX. Fjheo the two KUtos put their ehoul-
0,,l'rs ti?oiher and fought for Htate-
rliruvl l.nislr t I. a ll.Mn .. 1. ... it. .
a""""i ".v iiv tiiitu lieu iiiejr
L' .i .t.i. iii.,. .
ifiww pue uy biue in tno lormeruay
i;ainst die brutal savage Uuxo
princlidea which wer cnjovetl ami
ehcriRhotl In both state by the good
und true people are bright and buoy-
k Magnificent Success the Verdict
From the lhiily (MuesKian IW. (iih.
At nine o'cloek yeterduy mornioz.
His Kxcelleney, Daniel CJ. Fowle,
nGovenior of North t'arolinn, aecom
L?paniod by Ida ftlaft", a committee of the
P .. . . . . T.". . . i. . : i r i - .. ... t
puiiijmoii ruir, me iniuiaij toinpainw,
kchief marshal and lids, and n bind of
tjinusic, waited upon (ienorftl Fit z' nigh
ILee, tjovenior of Virjinni, at l
private car aad eHoCtfte.l aim and
Bpaity down Maiu street to the Murphj
il (HllllOH OF KSttlUT.
Chief Mai &Unl and Aids.
KCarriapre containing Governors Ix(
and Fowle and Committee.
(.ji88ue, tho Mexican imbrogho, aud the slavery H friends of the constitution, and ask to be en-
tiiliimiteil liri i i-m-aat that time indicate a position fur more
1'2.4j Friday morning. The blow fell?;
with flushing lorce upon the afliictetll
widow. Miss ATinn:e Davi, his favor-p
ite daughter, whofte health was impaired!
by her great labors in aBs-istinii her iath-l
er o his recent work, is abroad for herj
helilth! T'jo slioclrcaBscd by the sad
tail',1 01, '-jnuoiition so far as it came uo. but hissicechesfH n.wi n i, mWim. o i .o
ternitv and trood raitb to everv coristitu-
came atM,,: t ,
ly aud immediet
worth noting as curious matter of history,
that in tho heated discussions regarding
Texas the threats cf disunion came largely
from tho extreme northern men, while thejrj
j most, eiuijuuiib eulogies upon iuu union uuuiu
from the south. In a speech on the Oregon
question, Feb. fi, 18-Ni, Mr. Davis said:
"From sii-o to son has descended the love
of union in our hearts, as in our historv aro
tional obligation, to insure that, from the
Aroostook to Ran Diego, from Key West to
Puget sound, the grand arch of our political
temple shall stand unshaken. "
DID WAIt BEGIN I.V 1S59?
An event was at hand, however, which was
to precipitate tho conflict namely, the en
i . : .. T i r a ... : 1 1 : . . i.
: HI pi 1-XJ OL UUUU U1UI.U. A U11111U11 OVIU Lllt.1 AJi
S men and women, who had laughed at the ideaS
S4 WSjBfg5eCH,. lA fa
Si w"Sl!a HsSveIjM I
ht T-i yf'W Il . "-v. I . i
t 3 t .v - X I I
names that constitute tho mass?"
COL. JEFFERSON DAVIS.
, , , . h of Yorktown and Saratoga, of Moultrie and f
.lay, was lerrif.ie. out sue ooreup uraje-g Plattsburgt of Chippewa and Erie, of Now
dy prciiared to saH iorra Orleans and Bunker HiiL Grouped together
m they form a monument to the common glory
F2nF our i-nmnmn cnimtrv. and where is the
Nearlv everv Southern wtv wasdrap-n sniitlinrn inon ivlirt wrtiilirl wish t.hnt t.Hn.t
' .. IS . V ... .. Ifi
ed in mourning lmsncd.ately upon thCM monument were less uyonooi tue northern
ri-i eiiit of the int.(dlirpnc.i Mint ill e "real
i -o ft
cx-l'rcsident of the Southern Confedera-
cy was no more. Meetings w- re heltlij
and resolutiens cxprteisive of sorrow and
the ureat love and adminlion for
dead chieftain, were adopted." On
4 Mf.ln if ul ill i-i t1ii iiiiifol wimntn
ici:i2 Hiterreu the wiitic &outu iioiu ine
1'acifi. to the tkilf joined by holtlinuj
memorial funeral services and tolling
lie bells in nearly every town and city
of danger from "northern aggression," were
suddenly converted, savmz. as one of themj
mmgieu uio names oi toucoru anu uimaen,fi expressed it, "We can no longer live hi peace
.. e x ... . . i ....... .. m ... i ..... . ..... -a .... . ... . .
with the north ; our allies have Docoine our;
enemies, and we must seek release from the
connection while we can do so with safety."!
Tho feelings of Jefferson Davis for the nexti
fifteen months may be gathered from the f ol-i
lowing letter, written at tho close of the dis-j
cussion to his long timo friend, ex-President:
passed, never to return. It should bo noted
?also that the legislation of the provisional
fV congress, and of tho first session of the regu-
lar congress at Richmond, shotvs the same
a lack of perception as to tho greatness of the
i imoendins struzele. I
j On the Federal sida of the liuo much of thej? Greensboro, N. C,
i froth and nonsense about "a short war" wasg-i,(- vJ V
f swept away by the battle of Bull Run; the
rest was done for at Sliiloh. After the latter
thoughtful men both north and south made
I up their minds that the issue was to be tena-
Kciously fought to a close. The north erred
p. . r . i j : i l..i.
iOlten in expecung great sou uecisivo victo
ries; the south quite as often In expecting
foreign interference or a division in the north.
True, Mr. Benjamin at Richmond continued
to promise "pacification In ninety days" long
1 after Mr. Seward at Washington had ceased
sijto do so, but ho found few echoes.
j AN APPALLING DIFFICULTY.
3 The victory of Bull Run produced great
if exultation in the south, but appears to have
i bad a decidedly sobering effect upon Presi-
ic may now oe con-
Carriag ; two of each
Carriage; two of each
Col. F. II. Cameron, Htate Inspec
jtor General, was in eommar.d of the
,military. A regimental Confederate
flag, bearing the names of Cold
Harbor, Manassas and many other
Rbrilliant fights, was- waived and
1 1 if 1 . i .i
HciiciTcti iu uiu eyiio. viusi coa
vn.crs.iuu untie H . ,.C ..,...l 1 1. 1 II... t .
From a recont portrait. 1 kjcuuisj i ijMi; uuungim tuu
them.this fact was ever prominent: A mantganu lined the Streets to WCl-IOmo OUT
lost b Grant could bo replaced if desired byffdistiniruished iruests
tKi-oA A 111 n n inuf Htf T .wi nrntt A ftn.il IiKa !--
On the 2d of AdHI. lStli seated In his Dew ES m mc parlors ot mo hot' 1 Uovei
K villa, Ga., by a body of cavalry under Limt
If ri TJ-11.1..-.1 iit- n.,..r.nAi.iJ
Vl, . 1 1W.U1U U. .Ul . !, B V
captors, "had on when arrested an ordinarj
Washington, D. C., Jan. 20, 1831.
DAVIS IN PRISON.
Tho inaugural address of President Davis's Apnt Davis and cabinet
was read with breathless interest in every sidered proved that he was in for aggressive
part of tha country, as, in the prevalent jl action immediately after that battle, but
Ignorance and confusion, men sought in it the "yielded to the adverse opinions of Johnston
indications of peace or war. But it was not jC-cnd Beauregard, and thereafter, with rare
in tho power of any man, however wise, at -'exceptions, insisted upon a defensive policy,
that timo to give assurances. The most sig jg During tho long period of innction which f ol
nificant passage in it, perhaps, was this: ji; lowed he embraced every opportunity to de
" We have entered upon a career of iude-'clare his earnest desire for peace. Ho even
f pendence, and it must be inflexibly pursued, p- excited criticism by suggesting conciliatory
Through many years or controversy witn measures; ror many moutns au nis utter-
Af. A t .S . m
wmi in ineir uescunuiinui lo-Uay.
frt - ii.. i .
i nufHj iiulmu unex'siors oi ours, wo
honor and revere. They were the
men who writed liberty from tho
grafpof tyrannous crowns and plant.
d It in a land whero it has grown,
bloomed and produced good fruit.
The people of rJ". C. nro to-tlny and
vef liovo boon true to the principles
f the groat farmers of our America
H North Carolina'H action, ono
Flltlfl1 rrul iihom ni . i I . t ..1. ....... . .. . I .
jiuuuuiixi jvBiij i.,U nitivu nnn it.'k?
bratedat Fyelteville on tho 21st
ult., showed her to bo wiso and
conservative pro8norou. a cood
jeople to lead and a safe ooplo to
follow. Home accused her of being
unnecessarily slow to adopt tho eon-
titutlon, but history has ahown
that her conservatism was etniul
ucntly wise and proper. Yes, N.XJ.
1 A t . 1 A . a . .
ieurmineu mai mo peopio nhouul
Irulo this government and that the
igovernnient should net rule tho peo
gple. North Carolina demanded
Fflamendnients putting up restrictions
Rigainst prbnble Federal aggreNloi),
gaud insuring tho government of
Kcvcry Blalo to its own ieople. North
feCarollna was right to bo blow, ami
,jevery htate in the Union Is Indebted
fii li.r fnr linr uisit i.iniirf. 1 1...,
... a.V.1 " - " ... I-J .W..-1 .U111.ll,
,Vhat rights you do not seo In tho
HWisutuuon ns ex prcKHiy granted to
itl.o Federal Government, aro ro-
ihcrved to the trawerablo to graitt
' . t ..f . t A m- t A AS
rv rsl,l-!.ii,.,A miii I,. ino,iu.iut-" Hum, mvii who uouoi in is
re not well verscj in tho history and
framing of our (institution. There
fis not one word In that Instrument
in Rt. Pnnl'e ekiimli RiphmAnr.
Tovrla vvwv&lrnl 4Vt a i Lnn f V f rAm (Ian T nnti
announcing his comolete discomfiture. At sfe 'i1
.. .. . .. ra -r . i .. .... . ,
gp. m. the presidout, caiiinct and other oru m hi uiu iiioaininio it special irain
JHeials left for Danville, at which point Presl
Hanr lldvta fuonrul lilix lnut luwtlfltnatlAn his
last state paper. Ten days later he was at8v 1111 autiut m. iiuuuruu vibiiiHS
a week later he halted at?: The old veterans. Feveral hundred
m . . . W . 1 m AA SVK 5'"
a. r i r mt tvi B-nnra na nr lajm ptiui rtinr xim .u a-a . ... . - .
mr7xlou were soon neen forming onHm wnicn tnc Mates Uei,gatHl away
. . 1 wm b?i t
ti as an instlgatdl- of the assassination of Prod f ltlie Court I louse
Sa itatif. T.lniiln All rrwin rtnvr Arlmlr. t.hnt iYu'Wi
my oil o rrrt n-fia fnldl
HA LI 1 M I ,.t- J. . t
Another week found him almost alone, aB -vit. uiu Kmiiu pi uvur-niun
fugitive in the forests of Georgia, with histo the fair grounds was formed in
wife and a few devoted adherents. On theOn r ... .
10th of May he was captured near irwinaBUie following order.
M I h ef ainrMlml inn Ai.lj
Square, under the
command of Dr. II. II. llolllday.
Wilmington Light Infantry.
Sampson Light Infantry.
jCarriago bearing Governors L ;e
their rights toecede, Uiereforo every
at Htill had that right. Virginia
...l.n mnll.HA.1 I'n I ml If .
k..n.i jnuiuvuK muitu iioiiry.
Jeiicrson, aiadlson and Wash
igntou, men who were leaders in
While Mr. Davis was active in congress
1J T.,l I.-1;.. - --i,., t T lcs nr. .-Inn.t4
VfiQ ".5 J Ui 1' UO. lllllH-llli 11 lUUOUOII , V1UU
J Co-: ,ij .... ... -r ; i ..j?U
teers enroiieu ior tuo jiexican war eiecieui
2 fl'l.'l.ii ..... , , 11 X.
nun tne-.r coionei. 110 resigned at once, over-
t Mv Dear Friend I have often and sadly turnedB our late associates of the northern states weg ances were amplifications of that passage in gj
K my thoughts to you during the troublous tlmesa have vainly endeavored to secure tranquil-his first regular message. "The moment that
tA through which we have bn passing:, and now IS lity, and obtain respect for the rights to which this pretense of our subjugation is abandoned, 3
me to the tiara tasic or announcing to you thata we entitled. As a necessity, not of choice, fjt the sword will drop from our grasp and we & 11 this, in the oirfnion of many sanguinog , . ,, . . ,
lehourfs at hand which closes my connection J w0 haveresortodtothoremody of separation, shall be ready to enter into treaties of amity ft one was soon to be. Only it did uotprove sog'I1'6' M1 l,Uo 1
iwmvltt 0" enerSIes m-tbe dlroctedgand friendship." The world was now to witness another ofllonger and Jo:,g. r the
the hour Is at
hieh I have sought to emulate the example
suit, with a very long raglaa overcoat and art
shawl on bis shoaldera." Ia the aim light of
morning he was at first taken for a woman,
hence the story so widely published. lie was
colrreyed at once to Fortress Monroe, which
he entered on the 18th of May, to remain a
cantlvn for noarlv two vearg.
And so all was over. The Southern Con lCarriagcs beai ing stall's of Governors.
federacy had dropped to pieces like a houseKcj;, bearing distinguished visi
OI cur us, anu iui preiuueiu., uuco luu muvoug
vlrw,al fKi hrwirffwl w.n.alor. tha Prvlpml invR lOl.
rotary of war, the successful statesman andThousands of poop'.o bring up the
aspiring politician, was a prisoner in iror.s!g .
Yes, all that was bright and hopeful wasgj rear.
gone; nothing now remained but to hang theg Just as the mammoth procesftion
prisoner, as had boon so often promW; togmov(Hl off for (he f.,;r jrrounJi the
famy.and in no long time his own pooplepcciai irain iro.u nin.ngion paiiea
would disown him as the cause of tbelr woeaSiiii crowded With probablv a thousand
Klis,ia llio oyimoil Ol .muij- u",n.n rn ;,,i .tra,..:.,r
to tho conduct of our own affair and the j KOTember, 1881, a g.wal election was those revulsions in popular feeling which soj
took his regiment at rew Orleans, organized; matter of choice, but of necessity, has resolved to
and drilled it to a high state of efficiency, H enter on the trial of secession. Those who have
oi iiuirai iiuvusuuKui. iut-uiumi iub example gt - ..,-,. , i. . 51 in iovemoer, 1001, a gcuurai eiccuoa was
he set for my guidance. Mississippi, not as aSPeHtrnty of tho Confederacy which we have .j d pifo rj Vice President
i i 1 J I.... m 1.- 1 1 J A tft tn-vnnA f x '
AVe j. ive b( low a
able ai d eventful life
in histoi v :
and early in Soptember was on tho Rio
Grande, in the ormv of his father-in-law.'
Gen. Zachary Taylor. A few days later hop
bore a conspicuous part in the siege and?
Letch of his remark- ,.ij i,, Vi. t.'m,, nt nh,i-!!P
khout a parallel tion. " f
t A Five months of comparative quiet followed,
t'nnrl thoi, lnrr.A tl.ft frnl-l.ll.rr crlArr
cnteron the trial of secession. Those who baveU Commissioners were sent to Jvashington' Feb ,3 1S33 the flret congressl man all southern criticism was metaUy&'o;roUnd-, m-'ivcd ill tine stylo around
driven her to this alternative threaten to deprives and fruitless negotiations conducted. Be-6;A tll. 'r coL: . , . , ..
secrr Vstpthufe iar dot vrKCHr r;l cki ;riu,"f rt mov
:r. f.T :5.:.?...fi.Kpublic opinion in both sections turaed to the !,r.!,Vnri A,.v,vc.rjA .fiirfe the north. Mr. Davis bore his sufferings? ir.g humanity an I p.l .Gantry.
Crrti-.Vinno ivnrft rwili"fi'l fnr tho full tfm nfr1
TTrncMnirri-.r.lS"!'"'-'" - fS
often delight the emotional and puzzle thog
phllosophia At sight of this sorvly ttrickeng The proCC-
ssioa upon reaching th
stltuto foreign force for domestic support, to re
duce a state to tho condition from which the col
ony rose. In the attempt to avoid the issue which
had been Joined by the country, the present ad
ministration has complicated and precipitated
the question. Even now, if the duty "to preserve
;was inaugurated, end delivered a carefully
it . . S.i militflrv rnrwr. tho nrhiAvmnorit;
t!-ta all 'else, fixed him firmly in theg fe
enwreu upon scui more wiaeiy aiverse careers:
Abraham Lincoln, In Hardin (now Larue)
vniritv- and JWTnrarin DavIa. in rThrtsi".in.n
(now Todd) county ; Liucoln born February J8 unaiiy presiuent or tno ssoutuern uonieaor-y
3d of Jane Dre- ''i acT- " 1U1S was ul3 ganantry, coomess in aan-a
i . it : it... i ..i .. .. : j .. l : ...
uociioiis ui W souiue. i. pvyj , uium mm. Uon of the uttlo :wn Fort Sumter, U the
, euecuveiy at eacn turning point m ms suDse-w disavowal of any purixso to coerco South Caro
quent career, made him secretary of war anda Una be sincere, tha possession of a work to com
; uumd the harbor is worso than useless.
n .nn. i n .. n. . . 7. 1 nil- i . irna h a rrn nnlpir nnn nnco in rfnn.I, nPn l.lTiiViin iViTTlPS In 111, Will n.am PJ1T. nlim
is, i sow, ana uavis on ine au or jane pre- a J' h J n i XIVZtiSlA i i 7
ceding ser ana soidlerly slcl11 at tua battle or uuenay "uuo, la l" i-1-1,' ul i" l" .muwimw
' ' minlofpntinn nkiminciKln fni. Ia fm.l flun O......
T T.llT- lOlft f T' .-! - ....... t Info. '. '1 W.l . v Jrud. u.w V. 1U.V. VU. VfUDlT
11 V J , 1 ') ... . 111 . W .. IIO IU V Wi 1-J- IU
I September he was leading his regiment
a atrainst Monterey: in February. 1S47. he was
t.. - -' ,
F Tin in V mfn Ann .Tulv nf ? li mi mn runr
found him again a peaceful planter, the regi-
. :. . T , , . .iiwas mauguraieu, i
conieuipiawoii or war in tsid oui rasmeni, g raessage. Disaster had already set I
uuiouu uiiwouii i. .,uiij. rouuUj?. tn M,ti,,ti. xvit). ni-r-r.l ' ,m intnnr.issinn !
iaosire ana ueuoveu no naa no auioontv io. . .v. nfn- P.-ni,lT n,,-i.V
... . ...n . t 1UJ IUI UJ 11W" "i J,A W rf A VvlUwIl V V u
interrere with slavery in yam ma iTesi-g thb O3lin0u3 situation: In all the Con-
jiraent uavis reiterate mas ne lonsea to avoius. , . ..... ..i a nnn nnni
ry of hisa tho pubUc property" was rationally regarded, the tha effusion of blood. On the 13th of AprU, IT " XnlP p w who-n tha nor cent of 5
; , ... , a9 r.mini,ioniii.inn nt. m,iritnn irmi M Ko oni.i.vi a .. . ., ... Si white people, among wuo.n tno per cent, or I
, , cj ftiiritv fftr letter iian anv w-liiiii tiers . war oegan witn me attacK on ote en We 0. lloarl armswas nrvria.i
aX3t- .1.: .i i&ingly small In tho Federal or "ndherlng
1U ulf"8 "I tUO uuuu iiuixu "-Mstate excluding aU tba doubtful and dis-
marveious or an recent ooDuiar onenomena pi...., i 1 i m iw. .u:i.i
a- - 1... ' Kputea strip, ao ui. h-hsl io,uw,wu nuiiui
i followed at onco. The uprismg of the south ' , wl th 0, aduuf
wan coTmiIxr if nr. oil lasa npAmnr and nnilTil. : ,, ... E
.......j , , i females was Dhenomenauv. cne micrnt snr nn-
In 1'iout of the
grousing cheers werj
aGoven-r of Viryir.i-i,
peated fiir the .tvtT::
iCaroI ilia. Th . J i -1 i :i u i
v ii f r t!u
m incn ".v;s ic
r f X.ri!
No dark sibyl luiiled them at their birth asj
tho coming exponents of an awful struggle.
No prophet would have dared predict in the!
days or their prominence that the rugged'
Lincoln was soon to fall, while the defeated, !
an invalid during a third of "his life, would
survive his great antagonist for a quarter of j
ing was here last week, and when he parted it!
seemed like taking a last leave of a brother.
I leave Immediately for Mississippi, and know!
not what may devolve upon mo after my return. I
Civil war has only horror for me, but whatever;
a century, outliving all the actors of his age
In til A crrnnf err m rrrlr v-ntt- atih a 4-e lu tViA
ironv of fate. ITUt'rv r.rr.f r. ti a vacancy; the legislatnro in 1S-13 re-elected
- . . ' J I fcJU.- 1. n.
aoies, Dut none greater than this, that the
ment's term of service having expired. In circumstances may demand shall be met as a
Ant. 1S47. the covernor of Mississinoi ao-H duty. and 1 trust.be so discharged that you wfll
i pointed him a United States senator to fill
victor Bhould fall in tho very hour of victory
and the defeated livo till almost every trace
of tho conflict had vanished, to die of mere
The ancestors of Jefferson Davis, were of
pure English stock, but so ilonjr resident In
America that the type had become thorough- fi
ly southern American. On both sides they $3
served in the war for American Independ- jj
ence, his father, Samuel Davis, winning
some distinction in the mounted troops of ti
Georgia. Of his two sous, Jefferson early be-p
came a soldier, while Joseph, a man of talent, g
scarcely, if at all, inferior, gained a local S
success as lawyer and planter in Mississippi. Q
The brothers were notably affectionate ia
childhood, and remained through lire devoted
to each other.
Soon after the birth of Jefferson, Samuel
Diivis removed to Mississippi, locating near
Woodvllle, in VVilkinso.i county. The sons
there, acquired ten unusually good English
education for the timo, and at an early age
Jefferson entered Transylvania college, Ken
tucky. In I Si 1, however, President Monroe
appointed hlia a cadet at West Point, whence
him to complete the term, and in 1S50 re
elected him for a full term. Tho ever mem-1
orable congress of 1840-'51, at its long session,!
had adopted the noted "compromise mens-:
ure," but fully satisfied neither party.
not be ashamed of our former connection or cease
to be my friend.
Mrs. Davis Joins me lu kind remembrance to j
Mrs. Pierce, and the expression of the hope that "i
we may yet have you both at our country home
Do me the favor to write to me often. Address J
Hurricane P. O., Warren county, Miss.
mous, save ia me normern uer. oi status, naturgjiy large S
Virginia seceded April 17; Tennessee and By tho census of 1800 the south contained!
Arkansas iouoweu Aiay o, ana on may .AifKn,,. om(m n.n women thn mnn the?
! North Carolina completed the list of eleven h north oiut 400,000 more men than women;!
(jonieaerate states, aiay m ioo cnieaeraie tbe nortb could send Into the field 000,000!
government was irausrerrea u tuenmonu, m(Jn and navo at home a percentage of f
and President Davis followed in a few days. to that of tho south in rxsaca Of 8
iJlls lourney was a continued ovation; nisjf.. -,n. imn,i-.ihn of i.iis.v,i i
j speeches were chiefly exhortations to unity (
;and courage, with brief arguments which J
were merely variations of the clause ini
i his first message to congress, April 29,
those who never held power over
.the enormous immigration of 1545-'C1, con-S
Jsisting largely of young and strong men, only J
1 3 Dor cent had located in the south. This!
i explains the paradox that such states as Kan-f
larger per cent, oil
tbe north. Mr. Davis bore his sufTenngsfir.g humanity an I p.l Gentry
with such Roman fortitude that southern
hearts were knitted to biin as never befose.
His critics apologized, even when truth wasJjProcession
on their side. Flis wife shared his captivltyS-ravo tiie
and excited the worlds tnterot in n is case. I
His first wife, daughter of Gen. Taylor, had
died many years before, but the one who shared
his fortunes as official r.nd cs captive was
a lady of refluemeut and intellect worthy of
any station. Bis oldest and most inveterate
opponents were first to soften; the Abolition
ists asked clemency, and iu May, lSo7, before
the United States circuit court at Richmond,
Ilorace Greeley aud Gerritt Smith Kilned
with many southern men tn signing his ball
I I U. U .. .1 ,..... InJInlml nw
UUUU, UV mtu Mum luiiiuuir iuum-wu ivn -r. . , , . . , . ,
treason; but. In December, ISO, by tho saroeiwl,om enrc wtU l 'U Cov F-l.
court, a nolle prosequi was entered, and thejgarose amid great applause. I If p.iid
Sf8. United Eut n Jefferson handsome tribute to rHrtln'-VuWnd
Davis" was ended forever and to tbe satisfac-2
Uon of almost every Americ in. , g.ind liberty-lovillJJ Vil gil i i, and
retiremext AXD a QtraT u. Bhandsoiuu tribute to Gov. !., the
. AS I ill t . .
inaKing ne vtinsiuuiion, also ro-
j . -tu) 41, nt flirlit. n on..n.l n 1 1 . - I.. .
mi. iu iiieieiuro
iwhen we did pecodo and fight most
fuohly under such men M Htewart
iand Jackson a voice In the crowd
S"And Fitzhugh Lee." Wo vere
. ii . 1...1 . . . ,
nut wuitui.-i, vuii nous tt'ai to our
own native Commonwealth.
I Virginia and Ntth Carolina are
reconnected in magy was, therefore
Hit behooves us to contlnuo to stand
together, shouldereto shoulder and
heart to heart for good government
and for everything for our common
welfare. This is tho message my
jStatc bids mo bring you to-day.
l understand that there is Agri
cultural depression In thU State, but
is not ho hero alone. The same thine
Pextends from the lakes to the galf.
53 In Vermont, he supposed it was
Kin-cause the farmers were leavh.g the
pjStato that Gov. Fowle had proposed
toscnu ine inutans mere to take
thfir place the Indian tho war
department tried to impose on you.
Yes, Agriculture is depressed, and
what is the remedy? Everybody
jweie escorted i( U.i viaiil
PreMdent Fa.Vm i itr.xlu e-t
orator of We'coine, His
fs.y that we mu-t diversify the crops
w:ut i.obody lells us how to diversify.
t -Uut the exhibit I see hero to-day
w tty that you are In a much better
coriuitioii in bampson than the other
.1 1 laces mentioned.
3 I underfctand tlul for game roost-
Kiters, unghtm;; Democracy, bigbluo
fil.ucklef en ii s and the best Fowl ex-
-n :.-f1f,iih;t, to day you surpass the Uni cd
s:a::tl.!.taics. lien your croH fro more
a. t. , Kdivtsi'isilied and your naturid wealth
' cie ofd XaVAiIA. Stmt A
All we ask is to be lot alone that fc . ... oniation into the field t'ian any 1
who never held power over us a . .. ..... v.t u.a rnfwv meir
I shaU not attempt our subjugation by arms. en left t hom. than Oljor ever have!
KALLOKV. BTKPHKNS. REAOA3t.
CONFEDEHATK CABINET AND VICE TRKSIDSKT.
May God bless you, la ever the prayer of your OTtrAmltT
frifmil jEn'll TlAVTS Sc . . . - .
President F. Pierce.
In that fifteen months events had movea(
rapidly towards the dread culmination. In !
the first Democratic convention of 1SG0, Mr.
Davis received some votes, Benjamin F.
Butler votinz for him 57 times. In thei
-3 . 1 nlnAlUn 41. n ll-n MnUnM nnnni.
9UUKUUCUU C1CU11 .UU V 1IV11 buau UIUIIT
dates," as Mr. Blaine stylos them, received all-
the votes of the northern states save a mere;
handful, less than 100,000, while Breckin-
'4 ridge and Bell received tho almost solid vote;
of the southern states. "In truth as well as
in appearance,'' adds Mr. Blaine, "it was a ;
? sectional contest,' in which the north support-!
ed northern candidates and the south south-ja
-t col iwiuiuauta. iuuiuvu nos buwuj
i comDleted in the hearts of tbe peonle," says
Tour tree, "the sections simply fell aoart be-
Jl cause there was no cohesion." These opinions
of phuosophic observers long after the strug
gle, have their value.
This we will, wo must, resist to the direst ,
pany, but soon re
tired to private life.
to emerge only at
long intervals, each
time to receive re
of affection and
sympathy. A be
quest by a southern
lady gave him a
lovely borne at'
Beau voir. Miss., on
the snore oi ine
golf. The loss of
his son,' a manly
gentleman, by yel
low fever at Mem
phis, was a severe
blow; but his wife and two daughters re
mained to aim. Of ttese the younger,
Varina Davis, affectionatelynown as Win
nie, is styled "The Child of the Coafederaey.'
having been born in the presidential mansion
Richmond, ana a military ponce organiaea n in aynmonrt a tiring tae war. EMie nas lately
nnilap lion Winder, which continued durinp S shown 3itrarr ahilitv of a hl?h order, and
I've !'(. F iiiuiucciuj uj uiii.iuiaciui nig,
" ' Kvciii will iiulet-d 1 A n er.it anil ninut
D. G. Fowle, "Our r, Governor Ii fc-li.,,, ,rL- .t,t.. Ktutn
He paid a high compliment to
North ttrolina soldiers, D. II. Hill,
render, liuiuxur, Andettou, Gor
ton and l'cttigrew. whom he knew
?.ind who had no superiors, and Haiti
!? that at Gettvsbure North Carolina
After a brief tour in Europe he located a2ribl nnmii,l,i .i .J.Ir t: rr.,,r Swildiers went as tkr n.s ti.A fnrHiit
Memphis as presidentof a ufe insurant eom- ; . .'Riu that terrible charms. Itut fa-tli
iai:iiji iu ii'Tiii caui.iiin i!t'w . : " : . .
Ijvte ff iia i ijf'.i 10 ine uniiea
during the longest peace. The disparity in I
rr vnfltfl. voi fnr mtiVr l.v noma pstimaMi
a.iuuyUiuc.;vu. vuB. g four times as great. Without accepting so
p V, 7t i , , VVrr.1 '""strong a statement it may wit be admitted
war"-that is, for a loan of $o0,000,000 at 85 that t"he Federala were rea times as numer-
P?InXn-tUm , , w'rTT loaa OIEous and eight times as rich as the Confeder-
t lo,uw,vaj, ana me creauon oi an annJf'gt(
which "might, In the discretion of the presl- K
dent, be increased to 100,000 menl" Priva-f "THE
tearing was also organized. The people ro- f
sponded with such alacrity that President F
Davis, on arriving at Richmond, had only to
officially confirm their action. In a surpris-li
ingly short time 60,000 men were organised
The Confederacy Overthrown Twenty-Bve
Tears in Peace.
Nevertheless hope and confidence
.I VwurtilA.1 llnvia' liKC Mat. mniT
t'ff; ..J- nn rnJ. nnmmnnnJ l.UUUS- '""""' " " ' H
" ' " rrC, showed great ability, and be assented, some-
as privateers. Tho Federal government was wfaat aju, a conscription law,
T T i Jt r ? V Tr which was among the Cret acts passed by theft
wonderful, but to the fmnatient peoola at the 2 , ' ..Si
tl smed criminal slackness. A blockade g jj a jjtija th, habeas corpus
f1 WM,.prClaimed was suVndod in a districi ten miles .round
inrfl 10 Mir! nu4r 100 Tnssnla mm anon ... ....
armed to enforce it. By the 1st of July a
Federal army of over 300,000 men was organized.
l the remainder of tbe war. Tbe summer (
t oleed favorably to the Oonf ederatee though
ian-r- I fkr i
If .i Vfe
a. ' m. b .
K t' ml
J5?i . 1S.5S
. WDHnX DAVIS,
The Child of the Oon
I . ... I li... . r . . ii .. t . .i
wucuiiieu uviiiTiii ic in uir. n.it..-.,,.!.. fl.,.,i. u n ... .i .
:i atci iiuk ua nc vicio a a.i irr Hijirii
:Gov. Fowle abo paid k l-s:ir i:.pBaHd brs. lie felt rare that If evnr
ri . i . i.t s.i.i Tr 1, tt. L. i .- .. . . . . i 11..1 it. '. ...
iritmiT- iti --ijim jiur.su ' ii;trfy f.uiu cuautiv cuiivu lur uie service OI
SLro,' 11. E. 1, the dilnguIshedU North Carolina troops that they
'.father and uncle .f the gallartH!4" . ina? ,n,l e laat
,t . T . .. , ciws uusiiiiguisiieu ine in.
titzhug . Lee, one oi li.o greafesta Allcr UoVernor Loe'a eoooch .
soldiers of Americ i to-day. l"loud dills for Fowle wero made.
Ciov. lee'.s si'EKCif . resjonded most happily and
Lee nroMj amid deafening ap-fc?loHue,U,y V IUs trlbuteto Gv'
Jplause, Mia for a moment stoodV that v-ftth fwi, ,imi
liilent. while the -y.n of every oneher largent democratic majority If
J ...i 1 .s . i.:. i . tl.,:i.l 1. T il . .
sft-iru tin aim auuiirtii ium iuiiios'tiii-u. a iiuiugii ucc was uu vne next
fi- ..... '.idll.nn1 4tiIi-
lace ana rooust pnifrique. t . .
He said he came to Norih Carollml
may yet rank among tbe noted authoresses of
Et t'ln.i Kn. ..nl. .1. 1 .
jjcjau i umiuu ui UllWtlS VV t5lO
-tiresented to thoitruvilrani
totihow as far &s his prcseuco andr Gov. Lee upon special Invitations
jposilion could the reat lovo Vlr-iea for Wilmington at 3 o'clock. ;
Hginia bas for her tistertStatrt'of? uov. Fowle and party returned to
K-rth; Carolina. For the two BtateaS"aieigh at 5 o'clock, p. m.
arc bound together with un usual i For Friday's Proceedings ere Third Page.