THE C AUG AS I AN.
ftf5MSI'EI EVKHY THUJWJAY,
V.j MAKIO.' tft'TLEI.,
. .V ..r ud ri.irii-tor.
Has the Largest Circulation in
Thirl Cunrr&ional Iit:ict.
It prints the new ami Mis tin
You Men of liusint it will
paj you to admliso in it.
.Puro 33omooroy one! wuito Oxxioro
Show this Pap'T to your neigh
bor anil artv b him to subscribe.
SnWriptioii I'rico $l.CO per
Year, in Advance.
CLINTON, N. C, THURSDAY, MARCH 26, 1891.
1'IiO FUSS IOXA L COLUMN .
ATTO RX KY-AT-LA W,
Goldaboro, N. C
Will practice in Sampson county.
A M. LEiC, M. D.
I'll YMICIAN,S' KOKO.V AND DENTIST,
( )iiU;.; in bee's l,rutf Store, je 7-lyr
A. S J EVENS, M. I).
Physician and Surgeon,
(Olllco over Post Office.)
laTMay ho found at night at the
residence of J. 1 1. Stevens on College
.Street, je 7-yr
Attorney and Counsell
or at Law.
Office on Main Street,
will practice In courts of Sampson and
adjoining counties. Also in Supreme
Court. All business intrusted to his
car-.! will receive prompt and careful
Attention. je 7-lyr
3,1 W. KERR,
J.J Attorney and Counsellor
O.tlce on Wall Street.
Will practice in Sampson, Bladen,
IVmler, Harnett and Duplin Coun
t Also in Supreme Court.
Prompt personal attention will be
x'wrn to all legal business, je 7-lyr
Office on Main Street.m3
Olfars his services to the people of
Clinton and vicinity. Everything
in the line of Dentistry done in the
Ue-it style. Satisfaction guaranteed.
ftaYMy terms are strictly cash.
Don't ask me to vary from this rule.
l have just received a lanzc lot ot
KW''iint jewelry. This I will guaran
tee' to thu purchaser to be just as rei
rcKt nt;)'!. I sell no cheap, "fire guilt"
gomls but carry a standard link ok
itioi.n Kiio.NT oooos. The attention of
the ladies is called to the latent styles
ofitHKASr i-iNS thev are "tilings of
Tint old reliable and standard SETII
THOMAS CLOCKS always in stock
in various stylos and sizes.
iiiT Ilcpairiug of Watches and Clocks
u'.id mending Jewelry is a spcciauy.
All work 1 do is guaranteed to give en
cp3-tf G. T. It AWLS.
1. T. & G. F. ALDERMAN
No. 111! North Water Street,
WILMINOTOX, N. C.
Ct Ion ;uul Timber.
: a r.so :
Country Produce handled to best ad
vantage. Ukference 1st National Dank,
Wilmington, N. C. aug21-ti
fcY BARBER SHOP.
When ou wish an easy shave,
As gcol as barber ever gave,
Just call ot. us at our saloon
U morning, eve or noon;
We cut and dress the hair with grace,
To suit the contour of the face.
Our room is neat and towels clean,
Scissors sharp and razors keen,
And everything we think you'll find;
To suit the face and please the mind,
nd all our art and skill can do,
It vou just call, we'll do for you.
Shop on DeVane Street, opposite
Court House, over the old Alliance
. PAUL SHERAIID,
The Clinton Barber.
If you wish a first-class Shave,
Hair Cut, Sharupoon or Mustache
Dye, call at my place of business on
Wall Street, three doers from the
corner of M. Ilanstein's, there you
will find me at all hours.
RAZORS SHARP, SHEARS KEEN I
If you want a good job don't fail to
call on me. J. II. SIMMONS,
aprlO tf Barber.
Raise Turkeys weighing from 30
to 40 pounds, and worth twice as
much as common stock, by buying
luii-bl.)od breeds. Address,
S. II. COLWELL.
Wallace P. 6.,
nov6-tf Duplin Co., N. C.
.1. T. GREGORY
Has removed his Tailoring Estab
lishment from his old stand to his
office on Sampson Street, net to the
M. E. Church.
The great and orignal leader in
low prices ior men's ciotnes. econ
omy in cloth and money will force
you to give him a call.
(-Latest Fashion plates always
n hand. June 7th. lyr.
DRUNKENNESS LIQUOR HABIT- la
ull the World there In but one f are,
lr. lialne' tiolden Specific
It fan b giyen in a cup of tea or coffee without
me Knowledge of the person taking it, effecting
apeedy and pormanent cure, whether the iwtientU
nioderate drinker or an alcoholic wreck. Thouaand
tit drunkard! i hate been cored who ha- taken the
m;""B,M boen cored who hate taken tne
n rpecine in their coffee without their knowl
and today belieye they qnit drinking of their
rree will. JJo harmful effect revolts from iU
-uminietratmn. uorei guaranteed, Send for cir.
yure. guaranteed. Send for cir.
rtlcttlara. Addrexa in confidence,
Co., Ha Race Btroet, Cinoinnati.O.
vmr nil '4 mit particulars,
for a Pair of
from Manurra' Remnantg. '
Satisfaction guaranteed or
SEND YOUR ADDRESS FOR SAMPLES
innrnmons jot seii-Meaiariment.
PIEDMONT PANTS COMPANY
Winston, n.c. ... ,
THE W. & W. PROPOSITION
AND THE PETERSBURG
Thirty-Seven Charters Granted
for New Kailroads in Spite of
the Fact that a, Commis
sion ISHlw.m Passed.
One of the first important mea
ures taken under considerjdio.i by
the (ieneral Assembly was a Kail
road Commission. The joint siKcial
committee that had the drafting of
thi.s measure in charge gave a full
and patient hearing to all railroad
men and other parties concerned.
The bill as drawn gave the Commis-
sion power to regulate passenger and
freight iate, to prevent unjust dis
crimination in favor of or against
any individual or place and many
othei important and needed duties
and powers, a strong bill that gives
the Commission amnle nowers to
rotect, in every respect the inter
est of the people, yet one that will
not in any respect cripple the rail
roads or prevent railroad building
or damage their legitimate interest.
The fight was close and strong in
both housos to prevent amendments
being tacked on that would injure,
cripple or weaken the bill. But
when the amendments were defeat
ed and the question came for or
against a Commission the bill pass
ed by a largo majority, for a large
majority of the members were pledg
ed by their constituents to support
Judging by the great fears ex
pressed, by those who opposed the
)ilJ, that such a commission- would
cripple railroads and check railroad
building, U would have been sup
posed thai not a single, or at Jeast
but a very few railroad charters
would be asked for. But quite to
the contrary, capital r.cver seemed
more anxious and ready to invest in
railroad building in North Carolina.
As will be seen in another column,
under the head of "Legislative Sum
mary," charters for thirty-seven
railroads were granted, while others
were asked for that did not pass.
In truth, the Commission, "by re
quiring all parties to do equal and
exact justice will dispel the popular
prejudice against railroads and be
really conducive to their growth
and progress. With the judiciously
selected Commissioners, an experi
enced, wie nnd patriotic uvil en
gineer from the west, the honest,
cnergectic and faithful Secretary of
the State Alliance from the centre,
an able, successful and pure lawyer
from the east, both the people and
he railroads feel in advance that
pure ana simple justice, nothing
more and nothing less will be done
on all sides.
After a hard fight a bill was pass
ed extending the A. & N. C. from
Goldsboro to some point on the C.
F. &. Y. V. railroad and on to Char
After the Railraad Commission
the next most important matter be
fore the Legislature was the W. &
W. proposition to pay a limited
amount of taxes for certain jrreafc
and extraordinary privileges. Over
this proposition and the various
complications arising therefrom,
were the hardest fights of the ses
sion. As we have said before, ufter a
long and rather lively discussion the
Senate refused to accept the hush
and purchase money by a vote of
28 to 14; thereby saying to the W
& W. railroad that you can get no
further favors or censideratiorrfrom
the people until you surrender your
claimed exemption from taxation
and stand on the same footing as
the poorest and hnmblest citizen
On the heels of this the Legislature
was asked to recharter the Petersburg
road, running from Weldon to Pe
tersburg in Virginia. The charter
of 'this road expired a few months
since. This road and the W. & W
are both in the same syndicate, be
ing two of the roads forming tht
through K Atlantic Coast Line." Be
fore considering this bill the Leg is
lature passed a bill suspending chap
ter 49 of the Code relating to char
tering railroads before Secretary or
of State and repealing every known
existing charter which might be
utilized by the W. & W. railroad in
making a northern connection. This
done, then the Legislature granted
the Petersburg charter for two years
only. This serves positive and un
mistakable notice - upon the W. &
W. railroad that within the next
two years it must pay taxes not a
limited amount dictated by it, bu
full taxf.s under the general law or
give up its northern connections for
a mrougn line, unless, forsooth, it
should be able to control the next
Legislature, and that is not proba
ble. VVhen these importaht bills
passed it was Monday morning, the
last day of the session, the handa of
the clock pointed to 10:30 and the
General Assembly of 1891 had only
an nour ana a nan of life. Yet at
this late hour a bill, unheard of and
iinmAntinnod liffnr a new tvno
written bill, wa." sprung upon the
body by those who had voted in
the opposition on the W. A W. mat
ter. This bill was to repeal the
charter of the Georgia, Carolina A
Northern railroad, which was passed
n 1887 and which road is no w being
built, unless by August 1st the Itai-
igh & Gaston give up its chartered
exemptions, lha lormer road lorms
a southern connection with the lat
ter. The author, or rather introdu
cer, ot this bin had tne auaacity to
say that he did not favor the bill
and would not v.'te for it, but that
since we had 4bottled up" the W.
A W railroad that he wanted to see
iow we would vote oii4,bottling up"
Ip short those who were displeas
ed at the passage of the bill with
reference to the W. A W. Uoad, at
tempted to take snap judgment up
on the majority by offering this bill
suddenly and without time for con
sideration, with the hope It is sup
posed of putting the majority in a
hole." The majority, though tak
en by surprise, were not caught nap
ping, but readily took in thesituation
and caught on their feet." How? By
simply offering an amendment stay
ing the operation of the bill for two
yeaks thereby to a certain extent
putting the It. A G. Road on the
same footing as the W. A W. ; and
to the chagrin of the authors of
the bill the amendment passed and
he bill as amended went over to the
louse. Then a lively fight occurred
ed by Mr. Jones of Wake. He
said that he was against the W. A
W. proposition and if the Senate
liad not killed .t that he would have
fought it in the House. He said that
he hat- abo strongly a lvocated the
bills to repe.il chapter 19 of the Code
and to limit the Petersburg charter
two years, which was right be
cause the State's contract with that
r jad had expired and that we were
under no obligation to renew the
contract and certainly for no longer
time than we saw fit. He said that
bcth the Petersburg and the W. A
W. Roads had come to the Legisla
ture as petitions asking lor favors
and that w e had simply granted tho ?e
avors in so far as we conceived it to
be for the best interests of the State.
But that the caso with the R. A G.
Railroad and the G. C. A N. Rail
road was entirely different ; and
while there could be no real harm
resulting from passing the bill with
the two year amendment which the
Senate had wisely and justly put on
it. yet th whole thing was wrong
in principle. For these roads had
violated no contract nor had asked
for any favors. That this bill put
them on trial without a moment's
notice and proposed to pass judgment
upon them hastily without so much
as giving tnem notice, mucn less
. .a i It
given them a hearing. That he was
in favor of making every road pay
taxes and give up their exemptions,
but h.3 was not in favor t f changing
the contract made by the State at
this last moment of the session with
out giving a hearing to the other
parlies to the contract. That he
could not do even a corporation a
wrong to secure a right, much less
to satisfy the pique and chagrin of
certain other parties'. He hoped the
bill would be voted down. Much
discussion followed, but the House
by a good majority sustained Mr.
Jones in his position. While we
were satisfied with the positioa of
the Senate on this question yet the
position taken by the House is sound,
manly and patriotic. All this shows
that the next campaign will be a
square issue on taxation and railroad
matters and that the next Legisla
ture will be put on its metal ; and i f
that body represents truly the peo
pie and their interests it will beequvl
to the occasion.
GREAT LEADERS PASSING AWAY.
Grn. Joseph E. Johnston is dead.
Another one of the great Confeder
ate leaders is gone. As a pro m inent
figure in the tragic drama on one
side tans he is loiiowea by one on
the other. Grant falls, he is follow
ed by the immortal Jeff Davis; still
fresh is the earth over the gravi of
Sherman, when the heroic Johnston
Gen. Johnston was born Feb. 3rd,
1809, graduate d at Wesf Point with
Robert E. Lee, served with distin
tinguished valor in the Mexican war
and was quarter-master general of
the United States Army when the
civil war broke outl His distinguish
ed services for th Southern cause is
known to every echod boy. He and
Sherman faced each other during the
last struggle of the mighty conflict.
No greater military genius was dis
played during the war than his slow,
masterly and stragetic retreat before
Sherman from Vicksburg to the Sea,
and then up into North Carolina with
the last stand made iit Bentonsville,
in Johnston county. Johnston sur
rendered to Sherman near Durham
on .very favorable terms after Lee
had surrendered to Grant at Appo
mattox. General Johnston was one
of the Inter-State Railroad Commis
sioners at the time of his death.
EASTER EVE IN A COFFIN.
IS ADVENTURE IX THE COSSACK COCTTTBY.
BY DAVID KKIi.
All rights reserved.
X EVERY. Ras-
Hsian village, from
the White sea to
the Black, Easter
rlavia tVta foclrfll
$t of the whole year.
Christmas is cele
brated with a
(singing of caroL)
and a liberal
burning of can
dles and setting
forth of good cheer. At midnight on
New Year's eve the country lasses trip
forth to ask the name of the first male
passer by whom they meet, as an angury
f that of their own future husband.
Uut Easter, and Easter alone, is to Russia
.vhat , Christmas is to England, or the
'Jour de 1'An" to France a season of
miversal good will and feasting and
jaerry making, wnen even strangers
jreet each other with a kiss on both
;heeks and reply to the salutation
Khristoe voskres" (Christ is risen) with
;he traditional countersign, "Vo istinay
oskres" (He is risen indeed).
Somewhat in this stylo my thoughts
an aa I lay stretched on the hay of my
irantass (traveling wagon) in tho court-
:r.i ywjsf honse on
the outskirts of a tiny Cossack town on
the Upper Don, toward sunset on Easter
eve, awaiting the fresh horses which
the burly, bearded postmaster had
promised me with a fluent confidence
that made me feel sure he was lying.
And so it proved. Time passed, but
the horses came not; and I was just
about to spring up and give the big Cos
sack a sample of my fluency in Russian
scolding when I was stopped short by
hearing a low, deep voice say beside me,
hardly above a whisper, yet terribly'dis-
"I shall have him to-night 1"
The speaker's tone was so full of dead
ly menace that the howl of a hungry
wolf or the hiss of a snake conld hardly
have been more ominous of evil. Rais
ing myself cautiously, I peered over the
edge of the wagon, and saw a young
man and a girl standing together at the
yard gate the girl in the picturesque
costume of a Cossack maiden, the man in
the uniform of a Russian non-commis
The young woman had her back to
me, and it was only by the fine outlines
of her figure that I could guess her to be
beautiful. But the man's face was
plainly visible, and even I started as I
saw it. Handsome as it undoubtedly
was, it looked absolutely terrible in its
grim inflexibility of purpose. It was
the face of a born soldier, to whom duty
was everything one who, if ordered to
kill his own father or brother in battle,
would have done it without a moment's
The talk went on, and I gathered from
it that the voung sergeant was on the
track of a Nihilist emissary sent to mur
der the czar, who was expected to pass
through the town that night with an
I followed him to the church,
Masha"' (Mary), said he, glancing up at
the tall, green tower of painted wood,
which, with its gilded cupola and metal
plated roof, glittered brightly in the last
rays of the setting sun; "but he slipped
round a corner, and when I darted round
after him I could see no more of him
than of my own ears. He must have a
confederate among these long robed
rogues, who let him into the church by
some secret way, for, as our proverb
"ltiey wiio wear wide sleeves
In their heart are thieves.
"But no matter he can't escape now,
for six of my men are on the watch for
him outside, and the reward for his ap
prehension, along with wrhat I've saved
already, will just make up the sum that
your father demands tov your wedding
portion, and then I can get my discharge
from the army, for my term of service
will be up next month, and then"
The last "and then" was pointed with
an emphatic kiss.
"It does seem nard, thougn, said tae
girl, with a touch of womanly compassion
in her voice, "that a man must die to
make us happy. We shall feel as if we
were eating our wedding feast out of a
A man!" cried her lover fiercely; "a
traitor and assassin, you mean, who has
plotted against the life of the emperor."
"True," answered his betrothed, chang
ing her tone again, "nothing is too bad
for a man who could plot against Father
Alexander Alexandrovitch" (the czar).
We Cossacks have always been loyal,
and always will be."
AlwaysP1 echoed the young man em
phatically. "And now good night,
dooshenka'' (my little soul), "for I must
go and see that this fellow doesn't slip
away from us."
Here was a romance ready made to
my hand, and I at once decided to re
main in the town that night and see this
drama to the end a decision
which evidently relieved the worthy
postmaster, who was at Ins wits' end for
a fresh lie to account for t'ie non-ap
pearance of my hcrses. "
"Perh ips the roble ;ur (gentleman)
"would be pie:""-! .t"( in nnd take
bread and salt' with us," he hinted.
"It's a poor place, but"
"Never mind, brother," said I; "food
and sshelter are always worth having.
and I know that a Cossack welcome is
bound to be a warm one."
In truth, there was no fault to be found
with my welcome, though the postmas
ter's hut was certainly no palace. The
walls were of logs, cemented with clay
and dried leaves, and jointed together
like the frame of a schoolboy's slate, not
a nail being used throughout. The floor
was merely trodden earth, larded with
crushed beetles and furrowed by the ex
cavations of inquiring poultry. The
blackened rafters stood out like the ribs
of a whale enlivened by the gambols of
numerous spider Blondins on tight ropes
of their own plaiting, and every now and
then one of the troupe lost his hold and
fell with a loud splash into one of our
tumblers of tea and lemon juice. -
One entire corner of the room was oc
cupied by a huge tiled Btove and another
by an enormous bed, the patchwork
quilt of which looked like a colored map
of the United States. In the third cor
ner hung the portrait of ; my host's
patron saint, with a tiny lamp burning
before it. and a pious roach making a 1
v i r
A YOCNO MAN AND A OIBL.
laborious pilgrimage around its staring
But there was plenty of good cheer
and merriment in this little hovel, queer
as it looked. The corpulent brass sam
over looked down upon a brown rye
loaf as big as a footstool and an enor
mous bowl of buckwheat porridge, sig
nificantly called "postnaya kasha" (fast
ing porridge), while a perfect mount
ain' of sugared "Easter cakes" which
our host's sturdy, sunbrowned, red
kerchiefed wife had spent the whole
day in baking rose around the dainty
of the season, a pyramidal mass of
thick pasty dough, spotted with a
kind of smallpox of currants and raisins.
which is to a Russian Easter what the
traditional plum pudding is to an En
glish Christinas. ,
Just as all was ready for our meal in
came the postmaster's pretty daughter in
all the splendor of her holiday clothes
embroidered blue jacket and crimson
ekirt, striped stockings, and a string of
colored beads round her neck. Her late
appearance was fully explained by the
huge basket of Easter eggs, gay with all
the hues of the rainbow, which she ear
ned ia her hand.
Behind Miss Praskovia came another
girl about her own age, who was pre
sented to me as her foster sister, and
who seemed to be treated with great re
spect by the whole family, being (as
afterward learned) the only daughter of
a prosperous corn dealer m the town,
who was quite a capitalist in the eyes of
these simple folks. Her face impressed
me only by its extreme beauty, but the
moment I heard her voice I recognized
the girl whose talk with her lover I had
overheard half an hour before.
But amid all the merriment of our cav
party Maria Oisipovna (Mary, daugliter
of Joseph) was strangely sad and silent,
and her sadness was full' explained
when she at length said Tnsively:
"An! it only my poor orotuer were
here among us, how happy we should
bet Perhaps he's not dead after all; it
may ha ve been only a report. And if he
ever did come back, surely my father
couldn't be so cruel as to drive him out
The honest postmaster answered only
with a shrug of his broad shoulders (be
ing evidently skeptical of any kind deed
on the part of her father, Oisip Mxsloff,
who had the name of being the most
hard fisted fend hard hearted old fellow
in the whole district), and hinted to us
that we must not sit toe long over our
supper, as we would have to be at the
church in good time for the opening of
the night service.
An hour later we were in the church,
which was filled to overflowing, even
the romantic old graybeards and totter
ing grandams of the community being
visible amid the crowd by scores, proba
bly for the first time since the previous
Easter. The whole scene was certainly
a strange contrast to my last Easter
service in Russia, which had been cele
brated not in an obscure provincial
church, but in the great Isaac cathedral
at St. Petersburg. In a moment I re
called the whole ceremonial the massed
thousands of assembled worshipers amid
the vast granite columns of the splendid
cathedral; the plaintive hymn dying
away in a cadence of mournful sweetness
among the mighty arches overhead; the
gorgeous robes and long silky hair of the
priests in the center, grouped around the
coffin that typified the death and burial
of our Lord; the tone of wondering dis
may in which the chief priest exclaimed,
"He is not here! as he turned away and
left the church with his comrades, as if
to seek the sacred body elsewhere the
sudden and triumphant return of the
procession through the opposite gate,
with heads uplifted and banners dis
played and a joyous shout of "Christ is
risen," and then the sea of light that
surged up through the shadowy throng
as thousands of tapers were lighted at
once, while the choir pealed forth the
grand resurrecuon anthem, and on every
side was heard the greeting which was
echoing at that instant throughout the
length and breadth of Russia, "Christ is
risen! He is risen, indeed!"
But here there were no pomp and
splendor, no bronzed gates or marble
cornices or pillars of polished granite.
All was rude and simple; plain timber,
plain stone, and the only ornament
worth naming wa3 a massive silver cru
cifix above the altar, purchased with the
offerings of the pious Cossacks of 1812
out of the spoils won by them from the
retreating armies of Napoleon.
Just at that moment, however, I made
a discovery which put everything else
out of my head at once. In the fore
most rank of the crowd around the plat
form on which lay the symbolical coffin
stood directly opposite to the spot where
I was placed a man who seemed anxious
to avoid observation, for the lower part
of his face was hidden by the collar of
his long gray coat, and the upper part
by the cap which he carefully held be
fore it; but a sudden movement of the
throng exposed his face for one instant,
and it was that of Masha's soldier lover,
young Sergt. Dmitri Rudenko!
The look of fierce and hungry expecta
tion in this iron man's stern gray eyes
made me shudder, for I saw by it that
his victim was still concealed in the
church, and that he was ready to pounce
upon him as soon as the fit moment ar
rived; and the sudden starting up of
this deadly pertinacity, this sleepless
ambush of death amid all the peace and
brightness and joy of the nation's great
day of gladness, had an indescribably
Meanwhile the ceremony proceeded
and all went on as usual till the high
priest and his acolytes mounted the plat
form, and the former, raising the un
fastened lid of the coffin and letting it
fall again, uttered in las deep vo
Continued on the Third Page.
DR. TALMAGE PREACHES ON THE
PLAGUE OF LIES.
Tkia Is HU riftlk DittcoarM I lite ScrU
m tl PUgtiM of Um CHISmUb'
StateatcBt, T Shalt Not &&ly lic,"
New Yoiuc, March 2& "The Plague
of Lies" was selected by Dr. Tahnage
for the subject of the fifth of his di-1
courses on "The Plagues of These J
Three Cities," which bo preached today. I
Both at tha morning sorvioe in hrwnfc.
lynandat tho evening service under 1
i 1 .jjj ,T vi i
New York the vast buildings were not
large enough to hold more than one-
half the crowd who came tohear the
sermon. His text was Genesia iii, 4,
"Ye shall not surely die."
That was a point blank lie. Satan
told it to Eve to induce her to put her
semicircle of white, beautiful teeth
into a forbidden apricot or plum or
peach or apple. He practically said
to her: "Oh, Eve, just take a bite of
this and you will be omnipotent and
omniscient. You shall bo as gods."
Just opposite was the result It was
the first lie that was ever told in our
world. It opened the gato for all the
falsehoods that have ever alighted on
this planet. It introduced a plague
that covers all nations, the plague of
lies. Far worso than tho plagues of
Egypt, for they were on the banks of
the Nile, but this on the banks of the
Hudson, on the banks of tho East
river, on the banks of the Ohio, and
the Mississippi, and the Thames, and
the Rhine, and the Tiber, and on both
sides of all rivers. The Egyptian
plagues lasted only a few weeks, but
for six thousand years has raged this
plague of lies.
There are a hundred ways of telling
a lie. A man's entire life may be a
falsehood, while with his lips he may
not once directly falsify. There are
those who state what is positively un
true, but afterward say "may be" soft
ly. These departures from the truth
are called Svhite lies;" but there is
really no such thing as a white lie.
SOME LIVES ARE ALL FALSEHOOD.
The whitest lie tliat was ever told
was as black as perdition. No inven
tory of public crimes will be sufficient
that omits this gigantic abomination.
There are men high in church and
state, actually useful, self denying and
honest in many things, who, upon cer
tain subjects and in certain spheres,
are not at all to be depended upon for
veracity. Indeed, there are many men
and women who have their notions of
truthfulness so thoroughly perverted
that they do not know when they are
lying. With many it is a cultivated
sin, with some it seems a natural in
firmity. I have known people who
seemed to have been born liare. The
falsehoods of their lives extended from
cradle to grave. Prevarications, misrep
resentations and dishonesty of speech
appeared in their first jitterances, and
were as natural to them as any of their
infantile diseases, and were a sort of
moral croup or spiritual scarlatina. B ut
many have been placed in circumstances
where this tendency has day by day,
and hour by hour, been called to larger
development. They have gone from
attainment to attainment and from
class to class until they have become
regularly graduated liars.
The air of the city is filled with false
hoods. They hang pendent frbm the
chandeliers of our finest residences;
they crowd the shelves of some of our
merchant princes; they fill the side
walk from curbstone to brownstone
facing. They cluster around the me
chanic's hammer, and blossom from the
end of the merchant's ' yardstick, and
sit in the doors of churches. Some
call them "fiction." Some style them
"fabrication." You might say that
' . . e '
romance, evasion, pretense, zaoie, ao-
ception, misrepresentation, but, as I
am ifmnwint of -mvthini? to be trained
by the hiding of a God defying outrage
under a lexiocofirapher s blanket, I
ii i,. .w Mw fni...
taught me to call them lies.
CLASSIFICATION OF LIBS.
1 shall divide them into agricultural,
mercantile, mechanical, ecclesiastical
and social lies.
First, then, 1 will speak of those that
aro more particularly agricultural.
. . . - - ,X 1
There is something in the perpetual
pivttenee of natural objects to make a
man pure. "The trees never issue "false
stock." Wheat fields are always honest.
Rye and oats never move out in the
night, not paying for the place they
have occupied. Corn shocks never
make ' false assignments. Mountain
brooks are always "current." The
gold on the grain is never counterfeit.
The sunrise never flaunts in false col-
nrs. The dew sports only genuine -diamonds.
Takimr fanners as a class 1
believe they ore truthful and fair in
dealing, and kind hearted. But the
regions surrounding our cities do not
always send this sort of men to ' our
markets. Day by day there creak
through our streets, and about the
market bouses, farm wagons that have
not an honest spoke in their wheels or
a truthful rivet from tongue to tail
board. During the last few years there have
been times when domestic economy
has foundered on the farmer's firkin.
Neither high taxes, nor the high price of
dry goods, nor the exorbitancy of labor
could excuse much that tho city has
witnessed in the behavior of the yeo
manry. By the quiet firesides in West
chester and Orange counties I hope
there may be seasons of deep reflection
and hearty repentance. Rural districts
are accustomed to rail at great cities
as given np to fraud and every form
of rinrighteousness; but our cities do
not absorb all the abominations. - Our
citizens have learned the importance of
not always trusting to the size and style.,
of apples in the top of the fanner's bar
rel as an indication of what may bo
found farthiT down, afany ol oar peo
ple are aeeuito!iM,d to watch and k
how correctly a bushel cf Kvt U
I measured; and thcro tirs not many
Deception do not all cluster rounl
city hall. When our cities rit down
and wpcp over tliAr tins, all the sur
rounding countries ought to curue in
and weep with tiiem. Them U often
hostility on the part of producer
against traders, as though the ioao.
who raises th corn was neocssaarily
inoro honorable than tho grain dealer.
who pours it Into bis mammoth bin.
There ought to bo no such hostility.
Vet producers often think it no wronjr
k snatch away from lha trader, ana
tbeJ" Sil' Ut tlj bargaiuer,
your money easy." Do t!
your money easy,
icy get it
easy? Let those who in tho quiet field
and barn get their living exchango
places with those who stand today
amid tho excitements of commercial
life and see if they find it so very easy.
While the farmer goes to slovp with
tho assurance that his corn and barley
will be growing all tho night, moment
by moment adding to his revenue, tho
merchant tries to go to sleep, conscious
that tliat moment his cargo may bo
broken on tlie rocks, or damaged by
tho wave that sweeps clear across the
hurricane deck, or that reckless fikvu
lators may that very hour bo plotting
some monetary revolution, or the burg
lars be prying open Ids safe, or his
debtors fleeing the town, or his
landlord raising tho rent, or tho fires
kindling on tho block tliat contains
all his estates. Easy! Is it? God help
the merchants! It is hard to havo
the palms of tho hands bUstered with
outdoor work, but a more dreadful
process when, through mercantile anxie
ties, the brain is consumed 1
THE LIES OF TIIE TKADK11S.
In the next place wo notico mercan
tile lies thoso before tho counter and
behind the counter. I will not attempt
to specify tho different forms of com
mercial falsehood. There are mer
chants who excuso themselves for devl
ation from trutlif ulness because of what
they call commercial custom. In other
words, the multiplication and univer
sality of a sin turns H into a virtue.
There have been largo fortunes gath
ered whero there was not ono drop of
unrequited toil in tho wine; not ono
spark of lad temper flashing from the
bronze bracket; not ono drop of needlo
woman's hoarfe blood ia tho crimson
plush; whilo there are other great es
tablishments in which there is not ono
door knob, not one brick, not ono
trinket, not one thread of luce, but has
upon it tho mark of dishonor. What
wonder if some day a ltand of toll tliat
had been wrung, and worn out, and
blistered until tho skin came oil, should
be placed against tho elegant wall
paper, leaving its mark of blood four
fingers and a thumb! or that someday,
walking tho halls, thero thould bo a
voice accosting the occupant, saying,
"Six cents for making a bhirt;" and,
flying the room, another voico should
say, "Twelve cents for an army blank
et;" and tho man should try to slot p at
night, but ever and anon be aroused,
until getting up on one elbow be should
shriek out, "Who's there?"
One Sabbath night, in tho vestibule
of my church after service, a woman
foil in convulsions. Tho doctor said
she needed medicine not so much aa
something to eat. As she began to re
vive in her delirium sho said gasping
ly: "Eight cents! eight cents! eight
cents! I wish I could get it done; I
am so tired ! I wish I conld get souio
sleep, but I must get it done! Eight
cents! eight cents!" Wo found after
ward that sho was making garments
for eight cents apiece, and tliat sho
could make but three of them in a day I
Three times eight are twenty-four!
Hear it, men and women who have
Some of the worst villains of the city
are tho employers of these women.
They beat them down to tho last penny
and try to cheat them out of that. Tho
woman must deposit a dollar or two
I Vwiforw slie cets the Erarments to work
. ? , !f . .
UI ww-" ... T T'o'
Picked oot f d tJw1Iwa
I 4l. l .It'll. lAnrujit ia i ,r
sometimes the dollar deposit is not
riven back. The Women's Protective
union reports a caao whero ono of these
poor souls, finding a placo whero she
could get more wages, resolved to cliange
employers, and went to get lier pay for
work done. The employer says: "I
bear you are going to leave me. "
"Yes," she said, "and I am come to get
what you owe me."' lie made no an
swer. , She said, "Are you not going to
payiner "Yes," he said, "I Will pay
you," and be kicked her down tho stairs.
i There are thousands of "fortunes made
in commercial spheres that are through
out righteous. God will let his favor
rest upon every scroll, every pictured
walk every traceried window ; and the
joy that flashes from the lights, and
showers from the music, and dances In
the children's quick feet , pattering
through tho hall, will utter tho con
gratulation of men end the approval of
LIES AKH UXi'ECESSAUT.
A merchant can, to the last item, bo
thoroucldv honest. , I aero ia never
any need of falsehood. Yet how many
will, day by day, hoar by hour, utter
what they know to bo wrong. You
say that you are selling at loss than
cost. If so, then it u right to say it.
But did that cost you less tlian vliat
you ask for it? If not, then you liave
falsified. You sav that that article
cost you twenty-five dollars. " Did it
If so, then all right. If it did not, then
you have falsified.
Suppose you are a purchaser. You
are "beatinsr down" tho Poods- You
say tliat that articlo for which five dot
lars is charged is net worth more than
four. Is it worth no more than four
dollars ? Then all right. If it bo worth
more, and for the sake of getting it for
less than its value you willfully depre
ciate you liave falsified. You may call
it a sharp trado. The recording angel
writes it down on the ponderous tomes
of eternity, "If r. So-andso, merchant
Continued on Fourth Pago. .
A BIG AND AX
Til K F 1 ILST Vl? il u
KULLKTIX OK TIUJCK
FA KM STA VIS VlCS.
The iK'MMii-doi! at Ihn lkit-trt
Cu roll tin TriicUrTH' Asvwfi.1.
One of tho largrsl uud n -t hnr
porlant industries along ttu- .south
ern Atlauth Coa-t Is 1 1 tick larmln-.
It is only within th? l td fY w yrars
that this profitable industry I, de
veloped into iuiiMenMS proportions.
It Heenis that never ln-fure tho hist
decado had :his business rhvt t
enough dignity and ?inimi!;ne bi
come under lhe oocrvati ;i nud at-
tiact tho attention of th Nation d
IX'partnionl of Agriculture. Hut to
day thu attention of the Nat oa In
called to the following prc-s di--
patch, which hhowsthe. maguitudo
and iumorUuec of this Industry :
Washington, .March if.. Tho
census eiuce io-u;y lu.um puwio a
bulletin on truck funning, which,
for the first time in thehi-tary of
the count! v has besr n made a 8 abject
of census investigation. The Mute-
inents aie compiled from ret inns
which have been received up to Jat
uary l.-t, 1S91. Truck farming
eonjridercd in thi rejHirt, U dMind
from market gardening, the foruur
is carried on in favored localities at
a distance from market, water nnd
rail transportation leing necessary,
while tho latter is conducted n sr
local markets, the grower of veget.i
I les u&ing hlsovn team fur tr.ms
lurtati;i bis products di xt beilh
er the retailer or the eon-umcr.
Upward of $IOO,000,oot arc Invit
ed in this industry, tho rtamiul pro
ducts reaching a vidueof $7G,7n,i,Vi
on ihe farms, after prying freight
and eomiuiHhkms, and nulized up n
523,-HOacres of laud. Tt. -ro uro em
ployed in this industry 21,075 men,
1)2,511 women and 74,871 chlMrcn,
aided by 75,SS6 horses ;nd mules,
and ?8J71, 200.70 worth of imple
ment. li.e :orioik uiftuct, emnro ing
0,'tto acres, shipped product valu
ed at S7,GJ2.851). The .South Atl.ui-
tie district, 111,711 ncrci, products
l.'l.lSVdG; the Missl-nippi V.tih y,
8,180 (ten, products, $ !,S7'.,7:1.
Neirly75 percent, ol the truck
reduced in tho United Stale's come
from a belt of country a'ong the At-
mtic cooht, being east i" Ihe line
Irawn from Augutn, MCto l-ie u,
(la.: from ;; hem (ieerirl.i. Al tb;i-
na and Florida, along I ho m-th
and south lines ef railro.tds in the
Mississippi Valley from th lull' to
Chicago, tit. Louis ami Kansas City
uid ft oiti the celery dMiicls ol
Michiga and Ohio. More r bs of
the truck, however, is produced In
ill these States.
flic trucking business is aBMintli.g
a systematic methodical shupeby 1 1 1 ;
organization of State Truckers' Avo
cations all along the Atlantic Co.ist.
The Eastern Carolina 'I nicker' Ah
sociatiou wits organized at the town
of Clinton in 18M), from which many
enefits directly smd indirectly bae
resulted. The annuil meeting fur
601 met on March 10th, at Mount
Olive, a notice of which was publish
ed in last i ue. The follow ing i rn
outline of Home of the riitcu.cionft :
Dr. E. Porter mid that the great
st object in view ot the strawbcirv
grower should be quality iuki not
quantity, and that the grower should
reduce the acreage it be could not
troduco fine berries without it. The
oil should bo a stiff black or pond
land, but thoroughly drain, without
which it was almost iuipoih:e to
grow lierrk'S successfully. His ideas
on the fertility of rain on thorough
ly drained land, if irwt are well
worth knowitcar.d would beol gn at
advantage to berry, growers to ad pt
his method of nub-soillng. Ho riy
he generally applies Ms at,ru uu-'
nure in the bar furrow, and applies
the guano as top dres-ieg ; but i.s ex-
periuitfn .ing with stable manure and
guano as a lop urcssirr; only ways
t will not py to giow inferior ber
J, S. Wthtbiook next- ddre'-si-d.-
the Association. He . dors- d Dr.
IV i tor's treatment of the ct
and S;dJ that the land h!nu! i by
broken wkh plow a medium dedh(
and a cotton plow with point !o fol
low turn plow as a ub-s. nler, jind
ineistf lh:t jou put therumequ;mtU
ly ol manure on one acre l!.it you
would considet t big tl e lor two
ncres. jio auvises ire .unni.- to n
pUi two fe t a iitt on 15e row.i an.l
not eighteen im-hcNasfuimcrly. II"
puts aboui lorty to tiny t;u.l.i is ol
cotton K-enJ er. aero i: the? b.ir fur
row in late full uul from t;) io oOO
pounds of high grade gu utos as u
top clmsdngnt out the bUi of I'eb'y.
lie advises all shippers to use both
the Express and lteftigtrators, lor
the reasoa that your berries idrik'j
both thu ear!y and late in ukt.t-
A moUan, by J. O. Idti., that a
committee of four from one shipping
point. le appointed on Transporta
tion was adopted.'
It. 1). Craton then placed Id.so:i
in nomination for &aid int, whici
was adopted. J. 8. Wo-tbrook, A.
D. Hicks, II. J. Fabson and J. 11.
Oliver were appointed as aid cjtn
m it tee. -
Capt. Emerson was then called on
for freight rates, and said there had
Continued on Secon4 rage