North Carolina Newspapers

NO. 20.
csS Baa w - .1 at ad
' inl
iinri'oirs CHAIR.
ih.. h-t Moiiies Ix-dger (Dem)
,: "Iti-snot important what a
: h:n -lone or how long he has
a a Di-riKXTat.'' Cleveland h ev
!i?!v full twiu the same doctrine.
(I. ii. I a'v Wallace, the author of
M Hur, a life of Christ that is
re charming than any mm-1, huvij
appointment of (in-sham is "like
.tting liv- coals and boiling oil on
bald head "f the Democratic
vrral persons returning from
,. V-w Berne fair and others who
il in since all express
1u-h as
uengnteu wun uieir
Th-v say
thev have never seen
to the novel and
jv tun
77k' 7.raw Snn, published by
. K. M. l'eterson at Burgaw, N.
.am! the Onslow Blade by Mr. II.
Kinvf Permit, N. C, are the
1 , latest cui lions lo ine reiorin
fr.-a of the State. We welcome
Lm both and hope to see fifty more
eh papers started during the year,
The reform press by its bold
i'l manly fight has saved the coun-
V frc ii two bad pieces of legisla-
m since Januarv 1st 1893. The
Id and vigorous fight made pre-
iited the present silver law from
ing repealed and has just defeated
Sherman government bond
Smething wise from the Pen and
Iow: "If there was ever a time for
e Anu-rican people to watch their
: vers it is now. Sheltered by the
liieral rejoicing at the election of
Cleveland, there is being out-
i i: il.. .1 i 111.
en a policy covertly anu Hieauu-
1-nt resolutely which means ab
ate ruin to the business world,
the most earnest spirit we im-
ore our niercnants-', our iarmers,
fir laborers to stuuy tne situation.
The Sherman bond scheme has
en defeated in Congress. The
form Press Association expo3sed
d denounced the scheme just in
no to save the people from another
geous piece of legislation. Did
.c Democratic press expose it? No.
d the Republicans? No. They
ve no opinions till the bosses
at. The fact is Cleveland fa
red the bond scheme, but was doing
s work quietly, and the little par-
an papers didn't know which side
take. The reform press has opin-
is and speaks them boldly and
The Daily Messenger comes to us
longer. We don't know why,
mless it is because of the fact that
iiE Caucasian has been exposing
id ventilating the position of the
per. We charged that paper with
ling the organ of the W & W rail-
ad and quoted Representative
rmele of Wilmington to substaut
te what we have charged before,
t the railroad owned the paper,
ides we have been dissecting and
wering some inconsistent edito-
la in that paper. We suppose the
tor could not stand this any long
He can't answer what we said and
f truth makes him sick.
Last week Henry Clews of New
prksentusa letter for nublica-
There is a lot of taffy in it
(out the
"newspapers being the
s 01 public onmion ivc.
ir r
then goes on to discuss the fi
eial situation and asks us to pub
it, saying that it will be of great
erest to the country. It is a reg-
ir ETOld buo- letter. TTo rlnima
l - O -.V
it it the present silver law could
repealed that our "foreign securi
s would be safe." W hat does that
an.-1 That government bonds on
ttn the people are taxed to pay in-
-'st would go to a still higher pre-
n Tin 4i
lno win t tins is t.HcinP'
devour farm products and your
u will be going down still lower
price. The Iowa Tribune com
muting 0n the same letter which
fieilt to it ton fc.ivs- "Tn tha
me of humanity have the Ameri-
n people a greater interest in main-
foreign securities at a premium
r the benefit r.f t -t? i- i
v vi a j.ew -cuKiisn ar-
.uv.iata i.uai lney have in nrnvi.l.
ior tueir own tamilies and the
11.:. . ..
ijmenta of their debts? Let us
Ill . All' M 1 n 4- 1
if possible, a decline in our own
no ( infra nnrl thai: nf V
odw of labor, and refused to be
wwinkedbv a broker who has
aced these foreign fecurities with
ve3ters at a bio- mmmiinr.
is. of fni,.n ;a x.j?
wmjc, lUMjresieam main
miag the value of securities that
continue to share in the
oy wav of collecting and
lttlS the interest"
Some'of our 2x4 exchanges who
have been trying to make excuses for
Cleveland being against free coin
age have been referring to the fact
that Gladstone is opposed to free
coinage. Yes they announce with a
great deal of satisfaction that the
"grand old man" and wise states
man is to silver. In this con
nection we make the following clip
ping from the Loudon Standard;
"Cheap silver" has given us cheap
tooa aim raw material, anu has en
abled England to hold her own in
the work! far more easily than h?r
rivals. Nothing would be so dis
astrous to our foreign trade as a sud
den rise in silver." Of course Eng
land is opposed to free coinage a3
long a3 she can bleed the United
States, What fools or knaves our
statesmen (?) are?
A prominent citizen of the State
writing us a few days since said. "I
am taking rive papers and money is
so scarce I had decided to stop
one or two of them. But I can't
stop The Caucasian. Enclosed
find $1.00 to renew my subscription.
The four issues you have gotten out
at Goldsboro outstrips anything in
North Carolina journalism. I would
not have missed them for twice the
subscription price of the paper for a
whole year. May God give yon
strength to conduce to make such a
bold and manly stand for truth.
From now on I shall use my influ
ence to increase your circulation and
in doing so I will feel that I am do
ins mv btate a service, lnere is so
much todyism suppressing the truth
and stifling of honest opinions that
it is refreshing and elevating to
read a paper like yours." The
Caucasian is not owned by any
clique.or monopoly. It will follow
the motto "truth and justice" as its
cruidinsr star. We do not desire to
attack or speak unpleasantly of any
one, but when justice and the inter
ests of the people demand ic we will
not be the greatest nor the smartest.
The Wilmington Star is responsi
ble tor the iollowing ennefc ot wis
dom. At the close of a long and la
bored editorial it says:
"Approached in the right way,
and with the right spirit, the silver
problem is not so' difficult of ad
justment as it might seem to be." -
Now read it again. Do you catch
on, is it too deep for you? It is for
us. "Approached in the right way
and with the right spirit." Will
the Star explain this ? We can't see
how it can be approached in the
right way and the right spirit till
another election. The people cer
tainly approached it in the wrong
way and in the wrong spirit, by
electing a gold bug for President
The Star says it is not so difficult to
settle as it would seem. It seems
to us to be pretty difficult to settle,
with the people demanding free sil
ver and the administration trying to
strike silver down. The Star must
wool gathering."
What can be the matter with
John Sherman, the ablest servitor
of the national banks?
"When the devil was sicK, the devil
a monk would be;
When the devil got well, the devil a
monk was he,
John must "want to b an angel"
of a certain description. John
must be almost in articulo mortis.
An alleged "interview, with no
credit to any paper, appears in Mon
day's Bulletin, of which the follow
ing is the conclusion:
"Senator," I said, "you have said
our present system of banking is
the best the world ever had. Now,
after 1907, when we have paid our
bonded debt, what is to be the cir
culating currency? Upon what
basis are we to do banking?"
Said he: "Why, not have the
Government of the United States is
sue its own money? It is the rich
est nation on the face of the earth
We reduced in thirty years a war
debt of $2,500,000,000 to now about
$500,000,000, and to the amazement
of all nations. Our credit is re
nowned. We now do a national
banking business on the faith of the
bonds of the Government. Why not
do a business on the faith of the
Government? The same confidence
given to a bond of the nation ought
to be given to the note it might is
sue. The Government should issue
ita own money."
This view has been held by all
; those emancipated from metal wor
ship for the last trnty years or more.
It is equally certain that no one
man has done as nearly as much to
prevent such a consummation as
John Sherman. Bonds are not, and
never were, necessary as basis for
for currency, or as a means of ef
fecting public improvements. The
Government of the United States
not only can "issue ita own money,"
but could have done eo at any time.
If the utterances attributed to him
are genuine, they indicate that he
Eeea the end to be near and that this
government "will issue iU own mon
ey, thereby emancipating the peo
ple from the superstition that in
order for two persons to exchange
the products of their labor, a third
must go down into the ground to
get a costly substance wherewith to
make the exchange. Sanfraucisco
Attorney-G eneral.
W were not able to get a picture
of Mr. Olney for the cabinet group
last week. He had never had a pic
ture taken. But - an enterprising
photographer has kodaked him and
here is his picture.
Richard Olney Mr- Cleveland's At
torney General, educated from
Brown University in 1S5G and two
years later from Harvard Law School.
In a few years he became on of the
best known lawyers in his State and
now he is considered the leading cor
poration lawyer. The income from
his practice is believed to be fully
L $60. 000 a year. He has always re
fused public office; twice he has de
clined a Massachusetts Judgship.
He has a summer residence near
Gay Grables, on Buzzard Bay, where
where he has been the friend and
companion of Mr. Cleveland.
VViso Men Often Change, Fools Nver.
(New York World )
The Tories of England can accom
plish little by attacking Mr. Glad
stone for changing in maturer years
the opinions of his youth. The
charge is an old one, and has been
more tnan once aamittea. "l am
accused," eaid he on a memorable
occasion, "of want of conformity in
my opinions. I have not pretended
to it- I have been all my life a
learner, and am so stilb" On an
other occasion, in 1878, he gave a
more elaborate explanation of his
course, which furnishes the key to
his career:
I trace in the education of Oxford
one great defect. Perhaps it was
my own fault; but I must admit that
I did not learn, when at Oxford, that
which I have learned since viz., to
set a due value on the imperishable
and inestimable principles of human
liberty. The temper, which I think
prevailed too much in academic cir
clcs, was that liberty was regarded
with jealousy, and fear could not be
wholy dispensed with.
There is no doubt that Mr- Glad
stone was a sincere student when
Macaulay referred to him as "the
rising hope of the stern and unbend
ing Tories." But there is quite as
little doubt that the changes wrought
in his convictions were the result of
laborious and conscientious study,
and not or a desire to tollow tne ca
prices of public sentiment and reap
the rewards of office. He more than
once preferred to follow his convic
tions rather than acquire power or
place- He scorned alike the re
straints of academic training and
the slavery to usage. He was a pro
tectionist; he became a free-trader.
He opposed modification of the Irish
land laws and the disestablishment
of the Irish Church; he accomplished
both, and said they were achieve
, ments of which he was proud. He
defended slavery and then became
an abolitionist.
But it will be observed that all
the changes were in the direction of
broader conceptions or commerce
and of human treedom. ihey were
all on the lines of a larger states
manship. There were no instance
of reaction towards the narrower
views he had formerly maintained
In the higher and more comprehen
sive sense, therefore, every change
was consistent and in perfect har
mony with the expansion of his in
Besides, if change of cenviction is
matter for reproach the most illus
trious names of history must suffer
from it. It has proved the sublime
infirmity of the greatest intellects in
this country as well as of every other
Both Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Webster
changed their views on the tariff.
They strove against each other, and,
like Hamlet and Laertes, changed
rapiers and strove again. Mr. Mad
ison changed his opinions on the
United States Bank. Mr. Clay was
not less inconsistent,
It is aftei all the wise men who
change their minds the fools never.
But when Mr. Chamberlain and
Lord Randolph . Churchill charge
inconsistency on Mr. Gladstone
the everchanging waves of the
sea must laugh.
Between the Devil and the People.
The Legislature is afraid to take
any action on any important meas
ure. They see the bosses on one
side and the people on the other and
thev don't know which way to move.
They will draw their pay about the
4th of March and eo home, ine
most laudable act of this Legisla
tare will be its final adjournment.
Our Home.
The Ixmm Sntalnrl by the Cotton-Plant-r
en Account of the IeiuotM-tla.tloB
of hllTr Since 1873."
IMM. Mk. President and Gintlemen
of the Bi metalic Leaqce: I am
asked to address you on the topic
"The loss sustained by cotton plank
ers on account of the demonetization
of silver since 1873." Since receiv
ing your highly esteemed invitation
(for which honor I wish now to
thank jou) I have been so preseed
with public asd private duties that
I have not been able, from the data
at hand, to make the neceg?ary cal
culations to insure such accuracy aa
woulu warrant laying before you and
the public the approximate figures
that would indicate the total loea for
hese twenty years, enormous as it is.
But permit me to say that the free
coinage ot silver is and has been a
burning question with us of the
Southern section of this country.
'roducing, as w do, three-fourths
of the cotton crop of the world.
which is largely sold and manufac
tured abroad, we were the first to
eel the baneful effects of the de
monetization of silver. The market
price for our cotton during the year
intervening between 1806 and 1880
ell from thirty-two cents to eleven
cents per pound, and we believe that
this blighting result is due to the
contraction of the currency and the
degradation of silver more than to
and all other causes combined.
Since that time, chiefly through the
same cause, the price has fallen so
ow that the great bulk of the crop
is now made at a positive loss. The
reason for thi3 was first attributed to
the inevitable conditions which ob
tain in reaching a specie basis after a
violent inflation of the currency. But
subsequently eients disclosed the fact
hat after nearly fifteen years oi
pecie resumption, prices continued
to decline and harder times come to
our people. Thig long-continued
distress, this ever-increasing contest
with want and nnremunerative labor,
has forced an examination into the
real causes which conspire to bring
about such abnormal and apparently
inconsistent results. When a peo
ple first begin to feel any oppression
they are prone to blame the man in
sight. So in this case, at first the
actors and middlemen were charged
with the offense, then the railroads
and speculators became the subjects
of condemnation and then the man
ufacturers and the tariff were accused
of being responsible for low prices
and the resultant hard times. But,
while some, if not all, of these are
still held guilty to a certain extent,
the real underlying cause was found
to be an iaadequate and a continual
shrinking volume of currency a
currency held firmly in the iron
grasp of the gold trust of this country
which in turn was and is absolutely
dominated by the gold trust of Eu
rope. And I declare her" and now that
here is no help for the cotton -grower
of the south,no certain remedy for the
evils which surrounds us there, 6are
that which would come through a
reconstruction of the financial system
of this country. This reconstruction
should logically begin with the re
storing of silver, and through the
free and unlimited coinare at the
constitutional ratio, putting it on
equal terms with gold.
I am proud to stand osf ore you as
the representative of a great agricul
tural organization, the National
Farmers' Alliance and Industrial
Union, and still more so on account
of the fact that its rrand motto of
Equal rights to all aud special
privileges to none is followed by
declaration ot principles, among
which has ever stood a demand for
"the free and unlimited coinage of
silver." And right here I am re
minded that exactly one year ago to
night, the combined Industrial and
Labor Organization of the county
assembled at St, Louis, (known as the
St. Louis Conference) adopted unani
mously this same demand. This de
mand was among the first issued by
our organization, and upon this de
mand every true member of the Alli
ance stands to-day. As an organiza
tion, we recognize the demonetization
of silver as an outrage upon the pro
ducers of this natiou as a whole and
as a crime against every man, woman
and child who works for a living
within its borders.
As a technical question, I am frank
to admit, I have never been able to
give it that thorough investigation
which it deserves, but as a geuera
economic proposition, I several years
ago established the opinion that free
coinage of silver was not only right,
but imperative. This feeling, I am
sure, is well nigh universal among
the cotton growers and wealth pro
ducers of the South; and 1 am con
strained to say that if the fight for
free coinage should be abandoned by
the people of the North, or even the
silver producing btaws themselves,
we of the Suth would continue the
fight for it as a measure of prime ne
cessitr for our Bection. Hint, we
would fight for it tis one great step
in the financial reform such as would
make it possible for ns to pay our
debts in a currency of the same per
capita circulation as when contract
ed; and next, to prevent the ruinous
competition with the cotton planter
of India, whereby they or tne mia
dlemen have"an advantage, measured,
as a rule, by the artificially produced
difference between gold and silver.
Tin? Sght for f rw coinage is not with
u a matter of tw-ntltm-n t A real and
cruel condition drive uj to it. If I
should paint to you two pictures, one
of our people when we received good
prices for cotton; the other, the cow
condition under ruinous priced, the
contrast, would move asy man, even
a Congressman, who had a heart less
hard than stone, less cold than an
iceberg, and less cruel than a ser
pent The cotton crop with us is essen
tially our money crop, and the price
of cotton, probably more than any
other product, is 'governed by the
manipulation of the so called mone
markets of the world. Because o"l
this any change ii or disloc ation
of the volume of currency,
from additions or drpleiiovls
most unerringlv rf-gi!-red
price paid for cotton. Am pr.xjf o
this proposition I will quote the fol
lowing facts, which were s t foru
by Hon. John Abbott in an excel
lent epeech delivered in Congress lav
session :
in the Home Markets. I 2 i
Fiacalyear . .
ending June fl u
30- fS
5 i ss&J
oc o
Cts. Lift.
r872 19.3 70 $1 47 tl 32
1873 18.8 62 1 31 I 29
174 15.4 72 1 43 1 27
1S75 15.0 85 1 12 1 24
1K76 12.9 67 1 24 1 15
1877 11.8 54 1 17 1 20
1878 11.1 56 1 34 1 15
1879 9.9 47 1 07 1 12
1880 : 11.5 54 1 25 1 14
1881 11.4 65 11 1 13
1882 11.4 67 1 19 1 13
1883 10.8 68 1 13 1 11
1884 10.S 61 1 07 1 11
1885 10.6 54 8j 1 06
1886 9.9 50 87 99
1887 9.5 48 89 97
1888 9.8 55 85 93
1889 9.9 47 90 93
1890 10.2 49 83 1 04
1891 close of 6.0 41 85 90
The coinine value of n ounce of Dure
silver is tl.29.
It will be noticed that as silver ad
vanced, as it did immediately after
the passage of the act of July, 1890,
cotton advanced in price also; that as
silver fell in price afterwards, cotton
has closely followed. As further
proof of the soundness of this pro
position, allow me to call youratteu-
a. ai r. t I - i - i . i m i
a number of large cotton-buyers in
wo of the great cotton markets of
he world.
New Orleans, Aug. II. Glen-
way & Co.'s rnort savs: Hew York
opened 3 to 4 points lower and clos
ed 1 1 points lower. After the call,
however, prices were further depres-
ed. The decline m Liverpool is at-
tributed to a decline of 3-8d in sil-
Xew ORLEANS,Aug. 11. Atwood,
Vidlite & Co.'s circular says: The
decline is owimr to a serious loo in
ueciine is owing io a serious loss in
pfitfe of silver, which is 3-4 of 1 per
cent, lower than yesterday.
IW 1 ORK, Aug. 11. Hubbard,
Price & Co.'s report says; The mar-
ket opened at a decline of 3 points
and during the day continued to de
cline, and the closmg was easy at
about 14 points decline from last
night's figures, because silver was so
Such plain indisputable facts
should convince the most skeptical
tnat tne western saver miners are
not the only class that would be ben
efitted by making silver one of the
money metals of the country. As it
stands at present, the miners of the
West are digging silver, and the
planters of the South are making
cotton all laboring with might and
main to produce two great commod-
ities. And when we have toiled and
produced them both in abundance,
r s , , - , . , , , ,
Denoiu, in steps tne alien, Dy wnose
manipulations they are used as weap-
ons of destruction to both industries,
This is only possible while we stay
apart This f raticidal and suicidal
course has already closed down half
of the silver mines of the West and
. .i.0- r.t au
put a mortgage on over half of the
plantations of the South. Is it not
time that such folly was ended? Is
it not time to call a halt and decide
upon some action for the common
good? Shall the alien continue to
be the beneficiary of our labors, or
shall we take a stand for our joint
, , J
interests and the .producers of the
country.-' I for one believe that the
i.: i t x.
ume uas Buumc i oeneve mat tne gupreme today may be a stinking mem
hour has struck when the people of ory within a decade. The new admlnls-
the great and growing West should
unite with the people of mv own
awakening Southland, and standing
together upon one common platform
strike the decisive
blow for indus-
trial freedom.
Free and unlimited coinage of sil
ver and free trade with the world
will lead us on to a free government
and a free and prosperous neonle.
Let the I Democratic administration
set us at iiuerty. n aaesooro ave. to be the only rational explana
The Wave seems to know what we tion of the method God used in making
should have in order to make ns mMa- I eannot see how it wsa possible
.. .. '. .
prosperous, but bless its confiding
soul it will never get it from a Dem-
ocratic administration.-Iowa Trib-
No Broth t, 2t 'em all Speak at Once.
im o cotton . nas Deen raised since
Christmas. " Will some over-production
fellow bob up and tell us
what has caused the decline in the
price of that staple? One 'at a time,
if you please: don't all speak at
onee. Our Home.
Jmerson was once tola bv some
of his frisnds who were frightened
because oi. an nnussal "disturbance
of the elements that the world was
coming to an end. He replied by
savm&. "Well, it won t matter: we
I can get along as well without it
A FMtib M tbt Coatic KUm1 Adml
totrmU - Et1U IfMwflj tkm XH
wtmm Method-M Wrk Imm-O
Xrr Ki4li ttrmnlm Knm UW1
JSxw roEX, Feb. 2. The sermon of
the day in Association hall wa preceded
this morning by a review of the new ad
ministration about to be inaugurated at
Washington. Mr. Dixon said:
' We stand again npon the threshold of
a change of administration In our na
tional government. These courts are the
landmarks found at regular intervals
making our national history. We have
no such thing as a governmental crisis.
Our government is astronomical. It is
wound up to ran four years. It runs
four years.
The formalities of an adzoinistr&tlon
change impress the eye with dramatio
importance. In reality they are unim
portant. The ral change occurred some
time before in the minds of the sovereign
people. The ofUceholdsr in America is
merely a servant carrying out his roas
ter's orders. .There Is only one king
among ns the citizen king. The office
holder is always and only a servant, from
the street sweeper to tbe chief of police,
and from the justice of the peace to the
president of the republic
With our president the people have
lodged large powers. And they are
sorely abused. The presidential chair
h&s sometimes transformed a second
rate politician into a dignified and patri
otic statesman for the time.
Many of our presidents have turned
from tne petty demands of party cliques
and factions and the noblest independ
ent action in a conscientious effort to
represent the whole people, whose will
they personify.
President Harrison in the close of his
vigorous administration has given us a
striking example of this broader, nobler
view tn appointing as supreme court
judge a man opposed to his own party in
politics. General Harrison in that act
showed himself to be president of the
tJnited States of America, representing
60,000,000 of people not merely the fig
urehead of a political machine. The
machine has howled most vociferously.
Let it howL Henest and patriotic citi
zenship rejoices and writes Harrison's
name a line higher on the roll of true
In making np his cabinet for the new
administration Mr. Cleveland has treated
ns to a gennine sensation in politics. The
tional officer be it said to his honor.
Th little machine tinkers can never pre-
diet even what he will do next Mr.
Tilden said of him that he was the bold
est politician he had ever known. He
certainly is a unique force in modern
American politics. He thirks for him
self. He carries out the will of the peo-
rf- accordinc to hi. own conception of
that will not according tha dictate of
a faction.
He has appointed Judge Gresham, an
independent Republican, secretary of
AO Ba' M oreaia
. th in nt m..)liT.MrAnill
tuaw jwh ,
part of a retiring president and an tn-
comintr one of the opposite party are in-
dicationa of the dawn of a new day in
American politics. The day of party
worsnip is passing away. aaj oi
men and principles is once more return
ing. The party fetich has been the power
that daring the past generation has well
nigh throttled true statesmanship. Mr.
Cleveland begins his work welL fie has
little to bind him to partisan pig politics.
The better element of our citizenship
look with hope and faith to his adminis
tration. The next four years will be eventful in
the history of our nation. In these four
years will be formed the lines of real
battle along which the hosts of freemen
are to fight in the next generation. Tra
ditions, memories and ghosts must go to
the rear. New men and -new measures
toT a new generation and a new world!
The coming 20th century holds its own
Problems. The children of the tary
j uruEii dcl tie tuciu. r iui mil ilo uu
Aamm .mwmW
tsj again the new People's party has
sounded the battlecry for the next gen-
Let the old parties shut their eyes to
the fact if they wilL It is among the
PDUMes ; that this party of the masses.
aa against ine classes, win eiecc w next
dejlt Tb, of tins party during
rne fonr Tear. to the noil of a mil-
(ion T0te8 was a miracle in American
politics. If the old parties do not heed
some of its demands, their death lrnell
will be sounded within the life of the in-
comnig wmnmsuon. no young
? mTr7 ZSZtI
the passing moment The power that
naeHodaf may be thrurt totoobUvIon
The TmmmjuiT that rules
i . . . . .
tration may fall at the end of four years
never to rise again. Truth and right
alone endure foreverl
We ourselves croan within ourselrss, waiting
for our adoption to wit, the redemption of oar
body. Romans rill. Z3.
It is a fact we axe still waiting, still
groaning over the problem. Progress in
civilization is simply the mark of our at
tainment in our effort to throw off the
brute inheritance. I believe that, as
clearly as a scientific hypothesis can be
established, the theory of evolution is
Tn-avtioalir blisheL
ft seems to me
bannenize more clearly with the Eible
I for (jrod to cut stan out oi whole ciotn,
u a tailor would cut-a coat out of apiece
of goods. It is not God's waj of doing
conceive that It is
l um way ne maas we worui irom us oo-
Real progress today 'S developed m
proportion to our elimination of tha
brutal in life and society. Are we mak
ing progress? Yes, we are. I believe
that the world is better today than it
was yesterday, and that there is a con
tinuous progress through the centuries.
1m I study history I eee man slowly
emerging frem a more brutal Into
less brutal condition. The apostle cries
in anguish of Heart, "WM snaU de
liver me from the body of this death,
frem this Jpower inherent chained to
me. which drags me down. ' and with
which I must forever wrestle?" Strug
gle and conflict are the very requisites of
I progress, and there can be no real strug-
I ele without real nrosresa. Man is
Continued on Second Page.
Arreoa or -Ts OtKiM ras l
Avtsx V - U boss Laasu"
tfTV., STC
IcvfvvM. r. r. cviifcr. rfcw
Vcl Urrmfmnt wk t HA)
nrraoM-ces Jrrrm.
People used Vo y It wm auaoet tfaty
for Uuloael Henry Uemmrtmibpr Pt v
nry a iwmkI um A motherkws boy
migWt do wU enough, but wImmj U came to
a inrt rrowlcirup aitogvthrr amoef drkry
and mea. It wu absolutely 1 -Ml-ourdlmf
Tbe poor child wm really dr-d tn a sum
oertfiatwaa almmt iadwrbv, and It he
erenboea aaid (here tbe taformaat cx
erally put an unprrire ban a tn ae-bv
tod ual-thm4 glove upwi Hi area of w
peron to be enHjrtt4nd) that H actually
usl bed Uu g-u . u fact, awure, aa n
beard her father do.
It was perfectly true that be rarely put
in an appearance at church, and when b
did participai in the bebdomin: drnxluu
of Drownavillo parish, b was wt to
clatter up tbe central aisle in a short and
ratberless babtt, which was trly
shocking to tbe taste of tbe eua greg atoa.
She wore buots, moreover, and It was
rumored a spur on occasions. Uer rtvatrat
offense, probably, was her mode of drraa
to g her hair, or rather of leaving It to d ra
itself. She bad a small, shapely bead ulasptxl
closely from brow to taroat by beary red
brown curls.
Colonel Page's pew was tbe most con
spicuous In tbe pretty sandstone church;
and tbe nape of bis daughter's handsome
neck, exposed In all Its chtg-nonWs effronv
ery of a Babbath, was a aerer-eudtatf
source of displeasure to tbe outraged
II ad not 8U Paul ei pressed himself
clearly, not to say strongly, on this very
subject! Was not a womsn's piety almost
as surely to be measured by tbe length of
her hair as the age of a horse told by tbe
length of bis nippers! Could a young lady
fly in the face not only of tradition, but of
the Scripture, in this fashion, and yet be
all that is required of young ladies by a
country parish! Not so. The rector's wife
went alone In her state carry-all to remon
strate with Miss Page upon this very sub
ject. 8he waited for some f arty minutes, and
when at last her hostess entered, it was not
in a neat m amenta-colored paduasoy, neither
a black or salt and pepper bnrejre, trimmed'
with braid and pearl buttons, as was then
deemed the thing, but-shade of that godly
woman, 'Mrs. Colonel" Henry Merri
wont her Page-in a blue flannel waist, an
old homespun skirt did nod tip about boy
ishly straight Lips, and muddy bout that
left apjmrent impressions on the red velvet
carnet of the drs wing-room.
When Mrs. Kelson, after much dextrous
maneuvering, had finally led the conversa
tion, by what she considered a master
stroke, up to tbe moot question. Miss Page
had replied merely by running a slight
brown band through the offensive locks and
Why do I wear it this way! Oh! I like
it, and dad likes it, and Dick," then, wtih a
Ru'.den oblique glance of her bright red
brown eyes: "I shall always wear It so,
even when I am married."
"You seem to have no doubt on that
score," the rector's wife bad replied, in a
voice which was dryer than the smile
ihat accompanied it. Mrs. Nelson bad
what might be termed a well-irrigated
mouth. "Pray, is it to be soon!'
Miss Page hod laughed at this, flinging
one blue flannelod arm over. the chair in
winch she sat sideways, and Mrs. Kelson
nud shuddered both at the laugh and gest
ure, which she found unpleasantly in keep
ing with their owner's cropped locks.
"Dear me, no! Goodness, no! I shoul
think not!'1 the delinquent bad replied.
heartily. " I haven't even an ideal ; but, o
course, he'll turn up they always do. Old
maids are accidents."
"Accidents!" the rector's wife had ex
claimed, in a tone which I am unable to de
She held np the gray cotton gloves, or
namented with wrist-tassels, these last
sharing in the good lady's agitation. Their
frisky bobbin developed a kittenish de
sire in Miss Page to seize and secure them.
How delightful it would have been to ob
serve tbe face of their wearer bad she
done so.
Miss Page did not always control herself
so well as on this occasion, however. Bhe
yielded to ber inclinations without stint
not infrequently.
One of these events took place not long
after the virit of the rector's wife, and that
was when the rector's son proposed to ber.
This gentleman was a pretty little per-
onage, witn tne pDysique oi a toteraoiy
we::-sculptured snow-man. His orange-
coiored hair surmounted bis crange-eol-
ored ears with a pirnou-like success, which
uggested the idea of a pair cf Mercury-
.ike beel-wings having sprouted in tbe
vrrng place. Be bad oran-oolored eye-
orows, above little dark blue eyes, like
raisins set into bis pudding face, and bis
orange-colored beard grew one way on one
side of his face, and another way on tbe
other, as though it owner were standing in
.i perpetual draught.
But neit her a rasa's personal appearance.
nor tbe fact of bis being a rector's son, can
have any appreciable effect npon his love
affairs (so far as bo himself is concerned).
l'hus it chauof-d that Timotbeua Nelson be
came enamored of tbe hoydenisn Miss Page,
and proposed to her. It was bad enough
until be got down on bis knees. Judith
could not stand that, and so down she went
on ber knees also. Just opposite him, and
aid, aa well as she could fur laughing :
'Please get op."
You may be sure he did so with alacrity,
He did more be got op metaphorically aa
well, end remained Irom that time la
standing pmttion.
Be admitted that very night what he
could never be persuaded to even so much
as listen to before: namely, that for young
women to apply scissors to their hair is as
unseemly as alike application is meritorious
a young men. He confided to bis mother
;hat he had once met Miss Page riding
along npon the highway, and that she was
whistling. He went so far as to state that
with ber month in that unfeminine position
be considered ber positively plain, and con
cluded by stating that fiaxen baur worn in
demure bands on either s de of a flaxen
countenance was a sight at once refreshing
and ennobling, after having looked for any
IcEsrth cf time upon crisp brown curia, ana
a face that changed aa often aa aa autumn
sunset. -,'-' - " '
Mr. Thnotheos Kelson had a cousin Lacy,
who answered exactly to the flaxen ideal.
and he soon after made ber Mrs. Titno
theus Kelson. Be took a certain prido in
ru-Mutntiair her to Miss Page, and la listen
ing afterward to ber shocked exclamations
in regard to the much-diacuased curls.
It was about this time that, by something
of ft coincidence, a cousin of Judith aUo
I wonunued on becond Page, j
nx nct-iARKs im rAvoa or
rtJt Tit BE MO K ftt KCOXOaf ICAL.
H toys w Msm aw Cars!) sVavss.
Ia ta TartK.
Waskixotox, March 4.-Presides t
Cleveland's inaugural address tu as
My Fellow CiUieas ! obedient
to the mandate of my eoBBtrymee,
lam about to dedicate myself to their
service under the sanction of a tol.
emn oath. IWply moved by the ei
preasion of confident and pwni
attachment which baa calk f to
this service, X am sure my g. .uUd
can make oo better return than the
pledge I nowgiva before Qod aal
these witnesses of unreserved
eompUte devotion to the teroe
and welfare of thoee who have
ored me.
I detm it fitting on this oeeasioa,
while indicating the opinions I hold
concerning public questions of proo
ent importance, to also briefly refer
to the existence of certain conditions
and tendencies among onr people
which seem to menace the integrity
and usefulness of our Government.
While every American eitisena must
contemplate with the utmost pride
and enthusiasm the growth and ex
pansion of our country, the sofleien
cy of our institutions to stand egtdajt
the rudest shocks of violenee, the
wonderfal thrift and enterprise ot
our people, and the demonstrated
periority of onr free government, it
behooves us to constantly watch for
every symptom of insiduooslnnrmity
that threatens our National vigor.
The strong men who, in th eonfl
dence of sturdy health, eourts the
sternest activities ef life and rejoice
in the hardihood of constant labor
may ntill have larking near hie vital
the unhoeded disease that dooms him
to sudden collapse. It eannot b
doubted that our stupendous achiev
ments as a poeple and our country's
robust health have given rise to a
heedlessness of those laws governing
our National health, which we eaa
no more evade than human life can
escape the laws of God and natnre.
Manifestly nothing is mor' vital
to our supremacy as a nation and to
the beneflcient purposes of onr gov
ernment than a sound and stable cur
rency. Its exposure to degradation
should at once arouse to activity the
most enlightened statesmen and the
danger of depreciation in the pur
chasing power of tbe wage paid t
toil should furnish th strongest in
centive to prompt and conservative
precaution. In dealing with our pre
sent embarrassing situation as relat
ed to this subject, we will be wis if
we temper our confidence and faith
in our National strength and resour
ces with the frank concession that
even these will not pesmit us to defy
with impunity tbe inexorable Laws of
finance and trade. At the same time,
in our efforts to adjust difference ef
opinion we should be free from in
tolerance and passion, and onr judg
ments should be unmoved bv ellnnar.
phrases and unvexed by selfish inter
ests! I am confident that such an
pproach to the subject will result in
prudent and effective remedial legis
lation. In the mean time, so far as
the executive branch of the Govern
ment can intervene, none of tbe pow
ers with which it is invested wiu be
withheld when their exercise is deem
ed necessary to maintain oar Nation
al credit or avert financial disaster.
Closely related to the exaggerated
confidence in our country's great
ness wbieh tends to a disregard of
the rules of National safety, another
danger confronts ns not leas sorioas.
X refer to the prevalence ef a peps-
lar disposition to expect from the op
eration of the Government ospoeial
and direct individual advastara.
Tbe verdict of onr voters, whieh
condemned tbe tnjnstiee of main
taining Protection for Protection's
sake, enjoines upon the peopl'
servants doty of exposing and de
stroying' the brood of kindred vil
which are tbe unwholesome progeny
of paternalism. This is the bane of
republican institutions and the con
stant peril of onr government by the
people, it degrades to the purpose ef
wily craft the plan of rule onr fathars
established and bequeathed to ns aa
object of our love and veneration.
t perverts the patriotic sentiment
of our countrymen, and tempts thm
to a pitiful calculation of th sordid
gain to be derived from their Govern
ment s maintenance. ' It undermine
the self-reliance of onr peopl. and
substitutes in its plae dependence
npon Governmental favoritism. 2t
stifles the spirit of true American?
ism, and stupefies every ennobling
trait of American citizenship. Th
lessons of paternalism ought to b
earned, and th better lesson taaght
that, while the people should patri
otically and cheerf ally support their
Government, its functions do not
include the support f th peopl.
The acceptance ef this principle
leads to a refusal of boantie and
subsidies whieh burden th labor
and thrift of a portion of our citi
zens, to aid ill-advised or languish
ing enterprises in which they hav
no concern- It leads also to a chal
lenge of wild and reckless pension
expenditures, whieh overleaps the
bounds or graterui recognition oi pa
triotic service and prostitutes to vi
cious uses the people's prompt and
generous impulse to aid thoo . dis
abled in their country's defene.
Every thoughtful American mast re
alize the import&ne of cheeking at
its beginning any tendency im pub
lic or private station to regard fru
gality and economy a virtu which
we may safely outgrow. Th toler
ation of this idea results la th
waste of the peopl' money by
their chosen servant, and encour
ages prodigality and extravagance Lm
the horn life of onr conn try mn.
Under our scheme of Gvrnmnt
the waste of puelie money is a erim
against th citizen; and the con
tempt ef onr. people for econeary
and frugality in their personal af
fairs deplorably sap th : strength
Oontinaod on Third Page.

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