COKSVS I'ATAMOI NT.
I!V I.Ol IS M. AM'oTT.
Two )hj6 sat on the lur, one
whittling," the other whistling. not
for want of thought, hy and mean,
for his hrow was knit in an anxious
frown, and he patied now ami then
to thump the rail, with an impatient
exclamation. The other lad appeared
to be absorbed in shaping an arrow
from the slender Ktick in hi hand;
but he watched hid neighW with a
vexing smile, raying a few word
occasionally, which seemed to add to
the neighbor's irritation, though they
were in a svrnpathizing tone.
"Oh, wefl, if a chap can't do a
thing, he can't, and he'd better give
up and any 'Ikat,' " he asserted finally-
"iiut I wont give up, and I never
say 'Meat.' I'm not going to be
laughed out of it, and I'll do what I
Kaid 1 would, if it takes oil summer,
Chris Warner," was the answer he
"You'll have to be spry, then, for
there are only two more days in Au
gust," replied the whittler, shutting
one eye to look along his arrow and
see if its lineH were "true."
"1 intend to le spry, and if you
wont tell on me, I'll let you into a
plan I made last night."
"I guess you can trust me. I've
heard about a dozen plans of yours
already, and never told one of 'em-"
"They all failed, so there was noth
ing to tell. But this one is not going
to fail, if I die for it. I feel that
it's best to tell some one, because it
is really dangerous; and if anything
SHoULb happen to me, your knowing
my plan would save time and trou
ble." "1 don't seem to feel anxious a
mite. l'ut I'll stand ready to pick
up the pieces, if you come to grief."
"Now, Chris, it's moan of you to
keep on making fun when I'm in
dead earnest. You know I mean
what I'm saying now, and this may
be the last thing you can do for :ne."
"Wait till I get out. my handker
chief; if you're going to 1 e aTectin'
I may want it. (S ran He's cheap up
here; just mention what you'd like on
your tombstone and I'll see that it
gets there, if it takes my last cent."
The big boy in the blue overalls
ppoke with such a comical drawl that
the slender city land could not help
laughing, till, with a slap that nearly
sent his neighbor oil his perch, Corny
Come, now, stop joking and lend
u hand, and I'll do anything I can
for you. I've set my heart on shoot
ing a wild cat, and I know I can if I
once get u good chance. Mothcr'll
not let me go off far enough, so of
course I don't do it, and then you all
jeer at nie. To-morrow we arc going
up the mountain, and I'm set on try
ing again, for Abner says the big
woods are the place to find the 'var
mint.' Now, you hold your tongue,
and let me slip away when I think
we've hit the right spot. I'm not a
bit afraid, and while the rest go pok
ing to the top, I'll plunge into the
woods and see what I can do."
"AH right. IV-tter take old P.uff;
he'll bring you home when you get
lost, and keep puss from clawing
you. You wont like that part of the
fun as much as you expect to, may
be," said Chris, with a sly twinkle
of the eye, as he glanced at Corny
and then away toward the vast forest
that stretched far up the mighty
"No, I don't want any help, and
Huff will betray me by barking; 1
prefer to go alone. I shall take some
lunch and plenty of shot, and have
a glorious time, even if I don't meet
that confounded beast. I will keep
dashing in and out of the woods as
we go; then no one will miss me for
a while, and when they do, yoa just
say, 'Oh, he's all right, he'll be
along directly'; and go ahead, and
let me alone.''
Corny spoke so confidently, and
looked so pleased with his plan, that
honest Chris could not bear to tell
him how much danger he would run
in that pathless forest, where older
hunters than he had been lost.
"I don't feel as if I cared to tell
any lies about it, and I don't advise
your goiu ; but if you're mad for
catamounts, I s'pose I must humor
you and say nothin'. Only bear in
mind, Abner and I will le along;
and if you get into a scrape, just
give a yell and we'll come."
"No fear of that; I've tramped
around all summer, and I know my
way like an Indian. Keep the girls
(piiet, and let me have a good lark.
I'll turn up all right by sundown; so
don't worry. Not a word to mother,
or she wont let me go. I'll make
things straight with her after the
fun is over."
"That's not 'square,' Corny; but
it's not my funeral, so I wont med
dle. Hope you'll have firstrate sport,
and bag a brace of cats. One thing
you must mind, don't get too near
your game beforo you fire; and keep
out of sight of the- critters as much
a3 you can."
Chris spoke in a deep whisper,
looking so excited and impressed by
the reckless courage of his mate that
Corny felt himself a Leatherstock
ing, and went off to tea with" his
finger on his lips, full of boyish faith
in his own powers. If he had seen
Chris dart behind the bam, and
there roll upon the grass in convul
sions of laughter, he would have been
both surprised and hurt.
No deacon could have been niDre
sober than Chris, however, when they
met next morning, while the partv
of summer boarders at the old fann
hoase were in a pleasant bustle of
preparation for the long-expected
day on the mountain." Three merry
girls, a pair of small boys, two ami
able mammas, Chris and Corny,
made up the party, with Abner to
drive the big wagon drawn by Milk
and Molasses, the yellow span.
"All aboard!" shouted our young
Nimrod, in a hurry to be off, as the
lunch-basket was handed up, and
the small boys sought the most un
comfortable corners,, regardless of
their arms and legs.
Away they rattled with a parting
cheer, and peace fell tinon the- farm.
house for a few hours, to the great
- - ' I
contentment of the good people lelt
behind Corny's mother was one of
thern, and her last words were: "A
pleasant day, dear. I wish you'd
leave that gun at home; I'm so afraid
you'll get hurt with it."
"There's no fun without it I)o:it
worry, Mamma; I'll Je very careful."
"I'll see to him, ma'am," called
Chri.-1, as he hung on behind, and
waved his old straw hat, with a
steady, reliable sort of Vjok, that
made the anxious lady f'-xd more
"We are going to walk up the
mountain, when we get to it, and
leave the hoises to rest; so I can
choose my time. Hee? I've a bottle
of cold tea in this jxxket, and a lot
of grub in the other. No danger of
my starving, is there.' whispered
Corny, as he leaned over to Chris,
who sat, apparently on nothing, with
tiis long legs dangling into space.
"Shouldn't wonder ifyou needed
every mite of it. Hunting is hard
work on a hot day, and this is going
to le a blazer," answered Chris, pall
ing hii big straw hat lower over his
(TO HE CON'TINUKD.)
( alln County.
DuiWlHVlLLK, N. C, May '93.
Mu. EiHTof.: For some time I
have been looking admiringly on the
young folks column, and have de
layed until now to ask for admit
tance there. I hope I may be wel
come, although I may not prove
very interesting to you all. My
father takes your admirable paper,
and likes it very much. My home
is situated near Anderson's Mount,
and surrounded with a beautiful
scenery. I enjoy reading the letter
from tiie young folks very much. 1
will close wishing you and your pa
per much success.
Your unknown friend,
NEWTON' (iROVK, N. C.
Mi:. Kitiioi:: Lam very much in
terested in the children's corner of
your valuable paper, and will an
swer two of the questions, first. The
oldest town in the U. S. is St Au
gustine in Fla., and was settled by
the Spanish under Melendez ;n the
year l'. 1 will also answer the
question asked by Mary E. Thorn
ton. Kphraim Jiretard drafted "the
Declaration of Independence."
I will now ask the boys and girls,
who study North Carolina history
what. .Judge of North Carolina death
was caused by a turkey gobbler
Wishing The Caucasian much
success. Sallie Williams
An AiiHr and a OucKtion.
Tkoutman, N. C.f March 29, 1893.
Enrroit Caucasian: I take much
pleasure in writing to your paper
this beautiful morning. I am very
fond of reading your paper. I will
answer the question asked by your
little friend near. Goldsboro:"
St. Augustine, Fla., is the oldest
town in the United States, and was
settled August, 28, 15G5 by Melen
dez de Aviia. I will ask a question:
When were negro slaves first intro
duced into the English colonies?
Truly yours, Lillie Kekk.
Mokyex, X. C, April 19, 1893.
DkaiiMu. Editor: I am a little
girl ten years of age, we live out on
the farm two miles from the little
village of Morven. I can hear the
church bells ringing on Sabbath
morning and am always ready for
Sabbath school. The (7a ml si Ax
is a welcome visitor at our home,
aim papa thinks it the best paper
published. It seems to me it is very
kind in you to give the children a
corner in your paper, and I hope all
the little girls and boys, whose papa
takes your paper will send in a let
ter now and then. I hope they will
write what thev are doine- &o "so we
children all over the State can get
an n iea oi now we live.
Your little friend,
EffiE E. Pratt.
I'Hing the Pieces.
Some years ago there lived and
worked in Italy a great artist in Mo
saics. His skill was wonderful.
With bits of glass and stor.e he
could produce the most striking
works of art works that were val
ued at thousands of pounds.
In his workshop was a poor little
boy whose business it was to clean
up the floor and tidv ur the rnnm
after the dav's work was done. He
was a quite little fellow, and always
did his work well. That was all the
artist knew about him.
One day he came to his master
and asked, timidly: "Please mas
ter, may I have for my own the bits
of glass you throw upon the flow?"
"Why, Yes," said the artist. "The
bits are good for nothing. Do as
you please with them."
Day after day, then, the child
might have been studying the brok
en pieces found on the floor, laying
some on one side, and throwing oth
ers away. Hewa3a faithful little
servant, and so year after year went
by and found him still in the shop.
One day his master entered a store
room little used, and in looking
around came upon a piece of work
carefully hid behind the rubbish.
He brought it to the light, and to
his surprise found it a noble work
of art, nearly finished. He gazed at
it in speechless amazement
"What great artist could have hid
den his work in my studio?"
"At that moment the young ser
vant entered the door. He stopped
short on seeing his master, and when
he saw the work in his hands a deep
flush dyed his face,
"What is this?" cried the artist.
"Tell me what great artist has hid
den his masterpiece here?"
"0 master," faltered the astonished
bov, "it is only mv roor work. Yon
know you said 1 might have the
broken bits yoa through away."
The child with an artist-soul had
gathered up the fragments, and pa
tiently, lovingly wrought them into
a wonaeriui work or art
Do you catch the hint little peo
ple? Gather up the bits of time
ana opportunity lying all about, and
patiently work out your life mosaic
a masterpiece by the grace of God.
BY THE VARIOUS COUNTY ALLIANCES
OF THE STATE
(milrinslai th- I fflr ! l rr(rl
Action ( iUr lr;l.lalirr.
(.rant ill.- County.
IIkxjLVKD, let, That the action of
the late General Assembly touching
the charter of the North Carolina
State Alliance and the IJusinesf
Agency thereof cannot be too strong
y" condemned by a liberty loving
2nd, That the passage through
the lower house of a bill to repeal
said c harter and destroy the iJust-
ness Agency within a few minutes
after its introduction, without ref
erence to a committee, without no
tice to the officers of the order, and
without allowing those members of
the house w ho opposed the same to
be heard in the opiosition thereto
has no parallel in the history of leg
islation in any civilized country.
3rd, That the alternative finally
given the Alliance to either assent
or have their charter repealed and
their Uuainess Agency destroyed was
tyranical oppression and unbecom
ing to the represei.tatives of a great
and free people.
1th, That these proceedings were
in line with ami in aid of trusts and
combines which are depriving labor
of its just share of the wealth which
it produces, and showed that the
farmers and laborers of this State
have no rights as freemen which
that legislature felt bound to respect
oth, We rejoice to learn that only
thirteen out of the many thousand
contributors to the Business fund
have as vet withdrawn their contri
butions and we pledge ourselves to
restore to said fund all moneys
which may be withdrawn by former
contributors from (irauville county.
Oth, That a copy of these resolu
tions be fent to The Progressive
Farmer, The Caucasian anil the
Public Ledger for publication and
that all newspapers in the State
friendly to the toiling masses be re
quested to copy the same. A true
copy. J. F. Cole, J no. A. Waller,
A. S. Pease, committee; A. J. Dal ley,
G. 0 Secretary Granville Farmers'
At the regular quarterly meeting
of Perquimans County Farmers Al
liance in session assembled at Snt-
tons Creek, April 13th 1893 the fol
lowing resolutions were adopted:
Whereas, Ihe last General As
sembly of North Carolina attempted
the most contemptible piece of leg
islation that ever blackened the
pages of our grand old State in at
tempting to repeal the charter of the
Farmers Alliance, and did finally
pass amendments to said charter
which are without precedent in the
history of charters and organizations.
Therefore be it
Resolvid 1st, That we regard
this unwarranted, uncalled for ty
rannical act as a direct blow to the
Alliance and an outrage upon com
mon justice and an insult to every
member of our noble organization.
Jind, That we consider it as an ex
pression of their extreme enmity to
wards the Alliance and believing
that the sole purpose actuating such
proceedings from the In ginning to
the end was to cripple and destroy
the Alliance under the cloak of the
3rd, That we believe it to be the
duty of every Allianceman and every
1 1 1 it All. "
paper irieuuiy to the Alliance to re
sent this contemptible and unbound
ed piece of legislation forced upon
us by a set ot pretended Representa
tives of the people.
4th, That a copy of these resolu
tions be sent to the Piogressive Far
mer and The Caucasian for pub
Durham, N. C, 1893.
Editor The Caucasian. Golds
boro, N. C. Whereas the last legis
lature without auv iust cause did
change the charter of the State Alli
ance or injure its usefulness as much
as possible, be it
Resolved 1st That we denounce
such action as unjust and uncalled
for, cowardly and unbecoming such
2nd, That we disclaim the idea of
drawing any of the funds from the
state uusiness Agency.
drd, Ihat acoDVof these resolu
tions be sent to The Progressive
farmer and The Caucasian for
P. N. Massy,
W- J. Smith, Com.
W. P. Haily.
Patt II. Ma6sy, .Paul A. Brow x,
We had A Cooil mpptinor mi" fVio
- - vuv
13th and you can say to the breth
ren that the Alliance in Durham
county is not dead as some of the
plutocrats would have us to believe.
Paul A. Branch,
Secretary Durham county AHiance.
Whereas at its Jrecent session the
legislature of North Carolina, the
boasted friend of the farmer, that
granted all charters, which were
asked for, saw tit to revoke or amend
the charter of our State Business
Agency, thereby intending to crip
ple its operations, and so to effert
adversely the interests of those who
were reaping benefits from the
Agency. Now, therefore be it
Resolved, By" the county Alli
ance of Vance, at its quarterly ses
sion held in Henderson this 13 th
day of April 1893, that we denounce
tne said action of the legislature
base and cowardly!
Resolved 2nd. That we jrive re
newed expression of our Alliance,
and of our unbounded confidence in
its worthy President, who shall con
tinue to receive our most hearty sup
port : While for his defamers we
have pitty mingled with contempt
Resolved 3rd, That The Cau
casian and The Progressive Farmer
be asked to publish this.
Subscribe to The Caucasian $1.00
LETTERS FBOH THE PEOPLE.
Oat HrrMia Herod.
Gatesvillk. N: C. April 159!.
El'iTOR Caucasian": When a Re
publican President appoints to thf
high and dignified oftiee of Supienie
Court Judge Democrat, is it Hepub
iiranista? When a Democratic President ar
poinu to the highlit office in hi"
gift, one ho ha Weu twice a cand
idate in a Republican convent iou
fur President, one who has held a
high position in two Republican ad
ministrations, one who in the event
the President and vice-President
should die or be removed for any
cause, by virtue of his ofiiee bo Pres
ident, is it Democratic? Is this the
teaching of Democracy? Was the
House of Representatives of the o'Jnd
I u the 52nd Congress we find that
tht-ie was 14$ majority of so-called
Democrats- What was tbe cause of
this uprising of the people in send
ing this large majority of the so
called Democratic majority to the
."2nd Congress. "This prefigured,
we thought, a new dawn; we thought
it was the Democratic party in one
of its reactions, caused by the ex
travigance of the 51st Congress. It
appeared that the appropriations
made by a Republican Congress to
carry on the government reached
nine hundred and eighty million
dollars, lacking ODly ten or a dozen
million of making a billion dollars
in round numbers, so we called it the
"Billion Dollar" Congress. We were
writhing over the extravagance, the
prodigality, the criminal waste of
such an expenditure. The Demo
cratic newspapers (so called) broke
out with exclamation points, scare
heads, double-headed editorials in
quiring when this would end, and
general bottomside-upwardness all
over them, which indicated that the
expense of carrying on the govern
ment was borne principally by the
editors of Democratic newspapers,
and if things kept on in that way
they would either have to stop the
wheels of government or suspend
publication. Either one a calamity.
We saw many Democratic orators
in circulation throughout the countiy
grieving with emotion, going from
town to town dripping with cold
sweat over the dreadful out-look,
and the number and variety of dis
asters that would surely overtake
the country unless the Democratic
party were put in control. And we
were one of them. We thought with
sadness that if the Democratic party
had been in control of the House
of Representatives the government
would have been conducted with
much gt eater economy. That was a
condition too, that threatened disas
ter, and we wept and almost tore
our heir over it m a manner most
touching to be hold. Largely be
cause of the howl of the "Billion
The people not three years ago
called cu a Democratic Congress (as
they thought) to correct the evils of
extravigance and waste of the peo
ple b hard earnings, and see that
economy was observed in the appro
priations, called in a majority of
Democrats (so called) of 148 so that
there might be no mistake about it.
Having done this, we waited to see
this Congress that owed its election
in such a great measure to the "Bill
ion Dollar" Congress get to work and
reduce the appropriations. The first
session of the 52nd Congress was not
enconraging in its results since the
appropriations exceeded in amount
those of first session of .the "Billion
Uollar predecessor. After the ad
journment the Democratic party (so
called) became more explanatory. It
quieted down, it was no longer in
eruption. In the last campaign they
said not a word about extravigance
or appropriations' and now it is over
a year since the noise ceased entire
ly. Tne retrenching, reforming,
economical Congress called in to cut
down the "Billion Dollar " appropri
ations and save the country from
ruin has lived its life, done its work,
and passed into history. It reformed
the expenditures by increasing them.
The 52nd exceeded the expendi
tures of the 51st Congress by $44,
302,869,78. Farmers think of this,
you who pays all think of it. They
have added twelve hundred more to
their pay in the sham of clerk hire.
We are aware that several of these
Congressmen have tried in vain to
cover up this extravigance but these
figures are taken directly from the
record, and can not be spirited away.
Over fifty-four millions of doll ars
added to the already over taxed and
oppressed farmers, and this two by a
Congress elected especially to cut
down expenses. But is anybody
bothered to understand it?
Hear what the New York World of
March 11th said about it: "One of
the effects of such a Congress as the
51st was, is the transmission of the
spirit of extravigance, and the infec
tion of its successors with the invid
ious and anti-republican disease that
is elected to rebuke extravigance and
reform abuses, it took the infection
instead of furnishing a cure, and in
crease me evu it promised to reform.
Humbug! humbug! thy name is
called Democracy. John Brady.
Brot J. T. B. Hoover will address
the brethren at the following places
on the days named in behalf of the
Business Agency of the State Alli
Lewiston Bertie Co., May 11 3, p. m.
Powellsville, ' i2 m a. m.
Vvinnmr " it .1
Meary Hill, " 15' "
cnowan " q
" " 17)
Terquimans " " is'
Fasquotank " " 20' "
" ' 23.'
UOlIllOre. (TiirnHii-'fc 01
opeaiung at IU o'clock a. m.
Sample of Shoes, clothes, etc. will
be shown, and the benefits to be deriv
ed by the purchase of supplies, es
pecially guanos, through the agency,
will be fully explained. Oniy four
appointments in each county. Let
those near the places of -speaking at
tend. Speaking at 10 o'clock a. m.
Other appointments will follow.
W. H. Woeth, S. B. A.
""V ... -,
DK. CYRUS THOMPSON'S APPOIKT-
SIENTS FOR WAKE COUNTY.
May 12th, 10 a. m.
lJth, 10 a. m.
15th, 10 a. m.
16th, 10 a. m.
17th, 10 a. m.
18th, 10 a.m.
J uoes into Johnson county on 19th.
THE SCARLET WOMAN
REV. DR. DIXON ON THE GATES OF
HELL IN MODERN BABYLON.
Ilia Dlpcuuio of tbc Social Sim-Uom
It Threat" tL rul-lllon of Society.
Th Tsrloa S Called Kewnilea J1
New York. May 7. Uev. Thomas
Dixon. Jr.. delivered this morning totho
osual throng able to gain almittanco
to the hall the third sermon of the
reries on "The Shadows of the City."
JTie sermon was devoted to tbe discus
sion of the social eviL The text chosen
was Proverbs iii. 5, 'The lips of a
strange woman drop honey, but her feet
go tlown to death: her steps take hold
The subject of the social evil is one
upon which our teachers of morals have
maintained a strange silence through the
past century. There has been an effort
to ignore apparently the existence of thU
tremendous evil There has been in
fact a conspiracy of silence that haslieen
the opportunity of the deviL Miss
Frances Willard in a recent article on
this subject expresses herself most vigor
ously opon this point. She says most
truly: "A conspiracy of 6ilence. whether
conducted by boys in the pantry or men
in society, is almost always a conspiracy
of sin. It is pretty sure to be at the ex
pense of something precious to the home
keeper The hush policy has had ample
time in which to disport its failuns.
and it has miserably failed. Bad men
would have good women think that a
culture like that which separated Lazarus
from Dives must separate them from
women no worse than the very men who
inculcate this shameful heresy. Bad
men would have us believe that to be
virtuous we must be ignorant, and that
the least contact with such women that
they hold themselves free to consort with
would be to us a profanation."
Not only has society suffered from this
conspiracy of silence, but the moment
the silence has been broken by some bold
reformer, some prophet of righteousness
and truth, who has dared to draw the
sword and challenge the enemy, that mo
ment there is raised the cry of sympa thy
and of pity for the so called Magdalene of
society. This cry usually comes from a
set of hypocrites who are themselves the
contributors to the very evil over wThich
they mourn. They tell us at once of tho
pity and the mercy of Jesus. They have
always scorned the life and the example
of the Christ, whom they now quote
with so much unction. If eve an inci
dent in the life of Jesus has been per
verted and caricatured by interpreters,
this incident of a woman taken in adul
tery is surely an example. The truth
which Jesus taught is so simple that a
wayfaring man, though a fool, need not
err therein. He did not teach that the
woman who thus sinned against society
was deserving only of tenderness and
sympathy and love.
The acts of Jesus must be taken in
their Betting of time and place to be un
derstood. The circumstances were sim
ple. A crowd of hypocritical pharisees
and scribes, desiring to tempt Jesus and
to entrap him in his words in some vio
lation of the Mosaic law, dragged this
cowering woman before him, and though
they themselves were lecherous wretches
they whined before him, asking if the
woman should be 6toned. Jesus, turning
upon them in the righteous disgust of
his pure soul, knowing their own im
purity and villainy, said to them. "He
that is without sin among you, let him
first cast a stone at her." And when
all slunk away and none remained to
stand the test of a standard of purity
and of truth Jesus said to the woman
"Neither do I condemn thee; go thy way.
from henceforth sin no more." lie did
not say go back to your life of shame.
His answer to these impure - pharisaes
was tbe great truth that there is but one
standard of purity, and that it applies
equally to man as to woman. This was
news to the pharasaic world. It was au
arraignment of the imperfection of the
There is no truth delivered by Jesus
that 60 cuts to the very heart of the fal
lacies of those who would excuse this
sin and those who would build a false
system of tolerance upon it, in which
men are excused and even cared for in
their excesses by law, as does this deliv
erance from Christ to the pharisee and
the woman. There is no common ground
on which the modern Magdalene and her
hypocritical supporters and the woman
of the New Testament and Christ can
possibly stand. The modern Magdalene
is a different creature from the woman
to whom Jesus spoke, he maintains an
establishment which is itself in violation,
of the laws of society, an establishment
whose motive Is gain, whose methods
are the-methods of the pirate and the
smuggler, and around whose evil resort,
run in defiance of every law of society,
cluster a hundred kindred crimes.
When the cry of these hypocrites who
were whining the example of Christ,
whose name they had only spoken be
fore to profane, was recently filling the
ears of the public in a certain great city,
through the public prints, a working
woman, roused to indignation by the
tnaudlin sympathy of these men for her
disreputable Bisters, wrote a most re
markable reply in a daily paper. She
arraigned these men for their hypocrisy
and for the injustice of their position
She declared that disreputable women,
who sold out their honor, and who
threatened home and home life and soci
ety, received more sympathy than hon
est womanhood which preferred poverty
and hard toil to a life of shame. The
plain truth hi that the hour ha3 come
in the history of our great cities for ac
tion upon the part of those who love
humanity. The long silence must he
broken. The long stupor of "inaction
must be thrown off if we would save
our young men and women from death.
a city product.
Thesdain truih is that Vie social evU
is increasing each day in power ami vir
vJence and threatens more and more the
foundations of social order.
This is true
First Because the city is overshadow
ing the earth. . Prostitution is a peculiar
product of the city. It Is practically un
known as an institution In the rural dis
tricts. There public opinion is a power
against evil and evildoers. It is in the
city's surging impersonal mob that the
evil minded take refuge. In this shame
U easily bidden until shame is forgotten.
The city, in other words, Is the cesspool
of the surrounding territory. It drains
the rural districts of its evildoers mala
and female. It is the mecca of the thief
and the loafer, and the harlot Boston
is the cesspool of New England; New
York and Philadelphia the cesspools of
the middle states; New York of the na
tion. Chicago is the cesspool of the
northwest; San Francisco of the Pacific
slope; New Orleans of the south. And
so each great city is the receptacle of the
filth and corruption of its respective
If this filth were drained in to be de
stroyed in the fire of a righteous life, all
might be well for the nation. But the
city is the heart of the nation today -Interflows
its life.. It flows out again!
and it flows out contaminated of neces
sity by all the Influences that make or
unmake tbe life of, the people who dwell
frjto-y- LES-ftaiJtlleness and
crm.and poverty ere tt
rmaefom Th are the rowrrs that
create prostitution. la the ctics th T
re maL and the aggregate nwj
from thr causes tna9 up t hornble
Then ar .vrv of wi-mca who enter
this lif Uvau.- they are riciow h
iwMtion. Uvanw tiu-y are Uzr and igno
rant and l,eau. tbry prefer, from vara y
and -l5shns. a 'f ftrw luxury to
a life -f Iwrn-rt toil. A largo icr cent,
largvr than one would wish who , U-Iktm
in the Ut there U in tnun, will bo f,-mul
in this da. And ret to many sn hon
,t working girl Sn "r grrat cities there
come again and again the r.r.srvnkaUe,
horrible alternative, which ruwand wiu
cot down at tho Lidding, cither to beg. to
ftval. ta starve, to commit suicide or to
sell her bodr. This is the sad story which
the city writes in these modern days tor
tho KvT of the race to read.
ITS PRAZEX UOLDNES-
cond-Tho bonso of the ttraugo wo
man lias Uorae in the modern city an
established institution. It has became
a commercial enterprise. 1 has its law
of supply and demand, and tho conse
quent corruption of the lifo of the peo
ple is something incomprehensible to
those who have not seriously studied it
A group of earnest Christian women,
impressed with this horrible fact and ef
its growing reality, went a few years
ago to tho editor of a great newsjiaper in
London and laid In-fore him tho facts of
this hoeial evil in his great city. At first
he lux ited the idea. It seemed to him a
monstrosity impossible in the English
world. Thev insisted uiou its truth. He
decided to iuestigato it for himself ; he
did investigate it. The result was that
he hurled that immortal thunderbolt
into modern society printed in the Pall
Mall Gazette, entitled "The Maiden Trib
ute to Modern Babylon."
An explosion followed tho hurling of
that bomb which shook the world. Phar
isees and hypocrites succeeded in putting
Mr. Stead into prison for his bold as
sault, but the great and the noble in the
English world rallied in tho hour of trial
to his supiort, and the reaction 6wept
from tho statute books of England every
disgraceful law that bound woman with
the chains of a slave through the past
generation. The report of Mr. Stead
was investigated by men of tho highest
character, aud every statement and every
allegation was found to be substantially
If the truth wero known today in tho
great cities of America, the story written
by Mr. Stead could bo rewritten hero
with equal force and unanswerable log
ic. So great is this power as an institu
tion that it lays hold of society in our
city on every side. The cabmen, for in
stance, who rule a certain class of pas
senger traffic, are almost every one in
the employ of these houses of ill fame,
and beneath the seats of their cab cush
ions are kept the cards of direction to
the various establishments. A sailor
cannot enter the port of New York with
out receiving letters inviting him to
these brothels high and low. Even some
of our own great newspapers print in
their iersonal columns with marvelous
effrontery, from Sunday to Sunday, tho
advertisements of these infamous estab
lishments. Nearly every 6aloon in the
city of New York and in all our great
cities has private parlors in which
women of loose character are found,
and it is scarcely possible for a man to
enter a saloon without coming in con
tact with this underworld of social vice.
Every gambling establishment in the
city is the vestibule to the house of ill
only is this true, but there are
vast districts of our cities through which
it is impossible for a man, j oung or old,
to pass at night without being addressed
and solicited by a woman. A young
woman newspaper reporter recently un
dertook the experiment of walking the
streets of New York through the entire
nigl it to see what adventure might be
fall a woman unaccompanied. She wrote
her experience for one of the daily news
papers. In it she declared that she was
not addressed or solicited by any man
at any hour of the night or on any street,
and she passed through t ome of the most
unfrequented and dangerous. She gave
it as her opinion that a woman who went
about her business could go and come
through tho streets of the city at any
time unmolested. Cut I dare to 6ay to
this young woman that she will meet an'
unpleasant revelation if she will array
herself in masculine attire and -walk the
streets of the city. It will be scarcely
possible for her to report accurately ev
ery incident that will occur.
Tho boldest of these spirits that con
duct the commercial transactions in
this underworld often accumulate greai
power and wealth. The great masses
who feed their coffers go down in disease
and despair and death. The horrible
number of those who are tints given to
the corruption of the youth and the
Mrnhood and the homes of the nation
1 f omcthing appalling. As tho modern
city grows In numbers this evil grows
apace, and even in higher ratio than the
It is said by those who have studied
the situation most carefully that in the
city of Paris there are 100,000 women
given to this evil life. There certainly
are not less than 50,000 in the city of
New York, and the lowest estimate for
Chicago places the number at 80,000,
while other cities will be found to main
tain similar proportions, some greater,
some less. It is said and on the best au
thority that the city of Washington, the
capital of tho nation, shows a higher
percentage of disreputable women than
cny city in America. And this is a prob
lem which the politicians who inhabit
the city should not be slow in confessing
and solving. It certainly rests at their
Third It can but threaten the life of
society because of the terrible nature of
this evil. The debauchery of the body
is something vrhose horrors surpass be
lief save to those Who come in daily con
tact with the facts in the great medical
world. A practicing physician told me
that a large proportion of his daily prac
tice was driven to the results of prostitu
tion, and he said that every physician of
large practice could bear practically the
same testimony. Dr. Currier declares,
and bases his declaration upon the sta
tistics gathered from the outdoor poor
department for the city of New York
that there are from 6,000 to 7,000 cases
of contagious disease from this cause
which are annually treated in the dis
pensary. He says that there are as many
more cases in private practice.
He declares that it is safe to say that
there are 10,000 women in New York
city who are each day in a condition to
propagate contagions diseases. Add to
these 10,000 women 10,000 men, and be
hold the army of death sowing the seeds
of a corrupt body, damning unborn gen
erations to curse tho earth. Each city in
America will show a like proportion of
disease and of consequent debauchery of
the physical life of the people. It is no
w onder that manhood declines, and that
tne people of the cities are not able to
maintain themselves in the contest with
the brawn and fire of the rural laborers.
I- utterly drags down and destroys not
simply the body but the soul of the vic
tim. This sin is a violation of the di
vniest thonght given to the human race
hand, with impure purposes, of the holy
of hones of the race. The climax of
human experience is the hour of two
hearts discovering each other. The
.. nature Is tho tnvs-
ISL-1 that Warninc. to t m.
rorerty of riche. and sorrow a joy. a:i
Offering a privilege, is this mystery of
fJ ,w .tin U the nesrattoii of
his dream of humanity It U to .tab
to the heart tho faith of the race. It
means more. In doing thw. of mw y
thMi who thus sn iuum ...
not upon the individual, tut on this no
the mir tho name or homo an.i n m..in
cr and all that cluster round tins holy
al'sr II'n rests tho very foundation or
Iminsn civilization. Tho state i built
upon tho moaogamic group of ciety-
4 . fl,. notion . built
11 lilt I 1 II . 1IV ....... . -
dal unity. All law rests, in its , las t
analvsis, this foundation. All na
tional and international law must bo
traced back in its origin to this primal
ordinance of God.
The home is the fouutain of universal
blessing from whose center radiates tho
divino Influences that mako a national
lifo a possibility. It U a refuge, a haven,
in which man accumulates strength to
kittle with tho t lements. to fulfill iu
..li ,im im rf his heart, to be a ra-
I , 1
triot, to bo true, to ba noble. It 1 the
-little kingdom of God on earth that is
the prophecy of tho kingdom that i to
..w. ,1.1.1 ml tho earth eu!rem The
I utuv - --
house of prostitution is a threat a.;:iiiit
the very foundation of homo and home
life. It is the denial of tho right of
motherhood aud fatherhood.
The house of prostitution is the home
of tho gambler. Thousands of profes
sional gamblers have fallen to the" dis
graceful depths of being willing to le
6iipiorted by these women. So intimate
is the connection between the brothel
and tho gambling hell that -it maybe
said that they aro inst parable. Evry
house of prostitution is n saloon of the
lowest order, where tho meanest drinks
are served at tho highest os.siblo price
Tho fool who drinks is willing to pay
There aro constant and chronic viola
tions of every excise law ever put on the
statute book. Infanticide, murder, theft,
forgery and every crime on tho cata
logue of criminality is laid daily :.t her
door. When such are tho direct and ap
proximate results of such an evil, how is
it possible for the Christian world, how
is it possible for the humanitarian, to re
main eilent? What aro tho remedies pro
posed for this tcrriblo evil? Thero are
KEMEDIES I U01srj.
First Regulation so called. Is this a
Iossibility? Is it a practical principle
worthy of a moment's serious thought?
Our superintendent of police has recent
ly informed us that it is tho only solu
tion of the evil, and police authorities
from timo to time hava given us tho
same instruction. Regulation, bo called,
whether in the form of tho European li
cense system or legalization, is au infamy
that will never bo tolerated on Anglo
Sa:;on soil and ior the very patent rea
sons (a) Such a system means the slavery
and degradation of womanhood. It
means the denial of her individuality, of
her right to lifo. It means a return to
barbarism. It means the negation of
her personality beforo the common law.
It means the stamping out of tho last
hoio by which her womanhood may be
reached and saved. And let it bo ob
served that this proposition has never
emanated from a human lcing who bore
the image of a woman. It has ever come
from two sources and only two namely,
the licentious scoundrels of the male box
and officers of the law who desired to
profit by the experiment. The woman
hood that could submit to this infamy
of license and suspicion and regulation
f all3 simply to the level of tho poor wife
of the Cossack of Russia who kneels to
be better by her brutal husband for sus
picion oi the act of which he is daily
(b) Such a solution would only aggra
vate the evil by emphasizing its cause
namely, a dual standard of right. The
secret of the curse today is that thero
aro two codes of morals one for women,
another for men. Any proposition to
regulate this vice is a proposition to
erect a dual standard of right, of truth.
It proclaims tho monstrous lie that in
dulgence in vice is a necessity for man.
Prostitution is not a weakness it is a
(c) Therefore the 6tate cannot legalize
crime without committing suicide. The
state has no more right to recognize
prostitution as a necessary evil than it
has the right to recognize stealing as a
necessary evil. Stealing will doubtless
never be totally suppressed. Is it sane,
therefore, to say that because we cannot
totally suppress it we must regulate it?
(d) No system of regulation has ever
checked the evils of prostitution, but has
only served to increase them and aggra
vate them. This is the testimony incon
trovertible from every experiment where
it has been tried. The result has been
not the decrease of disease, but the in
crease of disease. It has not diminished
the evil, but increased It in the number
of those who fall victims. The number
01 evu women has increased; the num
ber of young men debauched has in
creased. A wider harvest of death has
always been reaped. The city of Colmar,
Ga., has recently abolished the system
of regulation, having pronouneed it a
dismal failure. The mavnrof Hnlm
clares that the morals of the town have
steadily Improved from that day. Ail
the laws on the subject of regulation
have been swept from the statute book
of England as a disgrace to the
nation.. In Russia the system has
been pronounced a failure. In Aus
tria it has been pronounced a
failure. None of its professions has
ever been carried out. and in
they have failed to do what was pre
ttuueu. coum De aone by their promoters
In Spain Castello states that tho means
for regulation arentterWimtWf. i.
the visitation provided in law is inef
ficient and the treatment in hospitals
equally 60. In German v" XRTCh Vl 1 TTA 4lin
" J " W V SJ iUO
same story of failure in her great cities.
iu Aiaiy tne laws regulating prostitution
were repealed in 1888. In itcn i, 1,
- m.,, uc u a
or rejrulation wwn nWiii .- n
Switzerland, and in Christiania, Norwav
.uu-uftoftcpunej from her stat
ute books in 1889. In Vr
has been most dismal of alL The city
of Paris has registered between 4,000 and
5,000 women of ill rennto nnA
are told that in the city there are 100,000
buch women. 1
THE OXE POSSIBLE 6OLCTION.
What does regulation amount to?
Pans is the most corrupt city socially in
the world. Contagions diseases are more
prevalent in Paris tVinn .
world. What has regulation done for
r. " cuupiy aeDauched the pub
lic conscience and tnii i,
manhood of Frunce that prostitution U
msary evn; that the state recog
nizes it, and that therefore indulgence is
a question of tast Ttnt
. 7 ucu Diijf main
is impossible to suppress the. evil; that it
r T uea wnero tried. Li this
true? Where has it fniW? rm. ...
it ever- been tried? We have not yet
irem me primitive barbarism
that would seek to degrade woman by
the process of regulation. We have never
failed because we have never tried. Man
has never really risen to the position of
meeting woman nnon an annai
Charles Darwin, the great scientist, tells
us inai man is tne only animal in which
the male is ever unkind tn tha ti
was a subtle Frenchman who said, in
Tiew of the long subjugation of women.
ventjon f 1: ,
This ii t!: , j.
leader .T t',. , , ' - f
are not Utt.r ' v
American 1 1
founder t f f. "'4,
to th heil.:, - i " V
Shall we cr;r. . ;
dark citii-H , f "
ways T hf. . ; , . v
lHk t. a 1. ,' . '
has M;, i. ' "
-The nun! . ' ",
and luot i . , '
has i.;.i:-!i i . ' , : .
ligioii ha- t-.i ,' . ' "
fined im :i t! ' 1 1
fptvt a:: 1 r ; . - ' "
ui.mhoo-1 !:.;.,. . , ,
f:nny f ti e I . (
grades worn .-.: ..
who may l- . ; , , '
her right. f I. : . V " 1
There i :,! . ,
this qnotii.ti. ... . , 11 j
and it hhoi.ld 1
legally and j j . ,'f"'k
enforce a ... . "
purity. The I ' . i
tbould lo !'.;; :
It tbouM U' I-;
woman to earn i
her person. t 1- . ,; . t
impossible fVr 1.' :
rial enterprise 1:; . "
commodity t f b..: :
tut ion should lrf .'
it should le a en
the woman and t . -who
is found the i . . ,
should not only 1 .
out. but tho i::..:i ; '
tulTcr pivci.-ly t! ...... ,. .
it is made hnpo- ... : r .,
her living by tl : : ; t
temptation to hun .
the worthless. nd . , ;
norant to inter. ; ,1 ,;, ,
This fi.ree t-houM : t. ...
any harsh way, l u- . '
(irmly and delt-nm;. ;; . '
this there should b. ; : .' ,,r
Christian world to
of carrying the ' . f J.,",
these women. Mr. .V
his great meetings ti .; n.
women still have In .,rt u
touched and reach..'., tl.:.;: .
saved. Agaiu nnd a ; :i ,
gone down into the .! ; ihw
6ago of lovo nnd f i n.!.
havo rejoiced iu th 1 -; r i.
Chllit r. 11 t r Tml.
"I would 1h tho ha; ; i.t t.
only had children,"
Izen tho other day in
Dumber of his friend.. K, (i
married nigh onto l
baby has crossed tin- ti.r.i
la nothing like chiVm u n.
'That's all right," !-;,..!;..::;
babies, but after tli.t . x u . r IT
three kids, 10, 18 and '.'0 v.-y. .
inougu 10 Know cveryti.iiii'i'.
tiothing after all. 1 l-.it th'vtj
keep me in hot water l.iy inur.
They have had up ta il.V.ct:
ichooling, besides a pMl Ik;
tit tract ions outside to ln-ty t :
I was in hoiK's tho Lovs w
some profession tli. t wi.uldJ
both fame and fortu.v. :iu
wilted and learn vnt-v. but it!
erwise, as the oldest has con: I
elusion that ho is cut mt !
fighter, while tho voinii.tsa-
ing to bo either a si, ;md ik
a cowboy, or nothing. I thiia
them will do well if they surf-
coming waiters i,i s'l.-jm
house, and mv d.t.;-,-ht' r. mv;
18, what do you V;4 ' x
10 oecoiner bne goes to u:e
studies all tho hifalntin t!ii:;jr
"I had an idea that ;- jm &
bo able to teach us all ' !
no, it's a mistake. She ntta-V
aters a number of tii.i'-s tlii?
that settled her future. &
kickers, and she's goin to k
'Why, ma,' the say.s tijoouVr
kick as high if not lii.-luT ti-
them stage girls. So, if tht-y -I
money and get their i.aiwstt'.
every day, why can t t' T:
grown kids of tho d.jykrj'
fighters, cowbo3s, soti a:iJ
and high kickers. a. wlye
A liuncrv Private' Sjuar
While Komft v.;ir l.ilk vcas
dnlged in the other 1 y in
IJellows' office, Assist v
ney John Oakey told this
listed as a private in the f
regiment was tho i-'-r-.:; 1 ton
intrtnn in If Ml U'- were
Virginia to throw up earth'
as there was a scan ity of r.
boys were half starved.
duced to catching niossbunfc'
Potomac and roasting themfc
with huncrer for sa:( they t'
"Finally I trot a fun
and got over to WaMi;,' -
piace 1 maao I or was a r
I nolishr! nflf two l.irso
steaks with all tho trisJH
washed it ail clown with a bot'
When I went up to payoff
cashier asked, 'When -a then
I told him we wero all bet
so astonished at the b at tb
me to a good cigar. I P2 '.
one-half mv month's salary'-
dinner, and I never ato ott
me same keen relish, t"5-
A o Opening l or s Mlis
A certain woman in west
is a spiritualist She a reg",
ant of nil tlia 10 t
gives private seances in taeff-j
menus. Those who have v s
form say that at her comtin
bles and other pieces of
dance, move across the roos
the ceiling. She lets 'l
her belief and her jioweri
vrW . ITntOC-
oax on u inp out to iii.ii cu -
Rtrn nnd cV.a 1,1 not resist
tion to introduce her f .ivont J
the car driver, who kindtf
open that he might IistJ$.
long before the car left the tr
Cars on that Una nra in tbe
innr arA V, rr, ,t Oct
exasperating state of affair
was in a bad hole, and ne 1
fil- Tin a y.rirrt- iYr.r!"bt A"
called out, "Say, lady, if 7j
give yon a dollar." The
accepted. Indianapolis Jonr
A BontoD SolU j
Solecisms ara freauenwf ,t
to certain localities, as witf
ten aberration of the tan co
The Bostonian fanatics
hardihood to combine Zt
full dress sniL But they V
fnnprala (.nmhinwl with t". .A
curriculum of mourning ott
ier and Furnisher.
Colombian PwUf Sti
TV, A mnlofi. opt Of ColODl 1
stamps, which includes
S-ceut, 4-cent, 5-cent, 6-ceBw j
cent, 80-cent 50ent, $1.
15 stui:;, coot a collector IT J