r tii i: ica Sta,teLnrar rail C ASIAN "rn i: a iwciitiss, i.i;aii; vi:i:ki,v I .N Mill I II 4'AltOIJNA. i i:it.i: r VOL. XIII. .'BOUT THAT ASSIGNMENT LAW v . li,l ia;in, of Cabarrus, Makes .; Remarks Thereon Tells ,' , .,: Things He Knows. i l.CORD OF ITS ROVINOS l iii miilt ICnoiu Mini Atiiiili IIk i ,ii i..inif Muggm! 1M mn tii ,i it Itnf Itri n I nlr liilnl-.l lio , Hi n iiir iif i fnk-r. ,,i i.ki. N. April 10, '!."(. ic ( rrrr; , ,. . ii i-im' f April - r 1 , you used . ,.,f 1 1. iii iilly in connect '.ou :iif init'-li discussed assign i i I uml by innendo, misrcp- ,? mii !inl lyintTi try to create : ! i"ti that I was connected Ml '1 II I'. M Dl'MillKI.H i i im ii 1 he ratification of that !i luitl never been p:tssfl by .'i lit iic. You chargo the !, i nt iif the committee to mn ... :!v, when you well know or '.. know, tliut I, as chairman i i iiMi- committee, wnxacting 1 ,.'ial capacity, and reported :-,! ! y ;i inl correct ly the net ion of , , in mi t !'.' l int of the committee is in I Anting and was ngned ly I ut the amendment rt-cow-:, ! iy the committee is not in . vl a i it ing - I V ,s NOT I'lt'it'OKKD . imI ly myself, neither do I ; v. whom tiie amendment was ,!;.!. i 1 liave no recollection of ti, i.i, hi of the committee what I ,. ! n tins matter, and can only ac , i ii- !'.! this want of knowledge of I , i :i hi of the committee, to my l, m! unwell, and having laid i.,,.i ii list while the c inmittto ui !! mi with the work. M i . niitli, of Concord, has stated vim'.-r of times that he was pres- i,i at ihe meeting of the committee i i :i, State treasurer's office, and s.-i nt i l e opinion that I win pres- ii '; !'ut I, I i n jf very ituwell at the tinii a - he wells knows, was resting ii iii ti.e sofa while some one else ii nl i i i ; 1 1 -r of the committee. IIow- CWT ll' W .1 - n r Mini I : IImII Mi. nt St., i, w i - Ii it w a - may be, the amendment Hiimeiided by the committee, i reported the hill to the null, of Concord, Mr. Smith i , and others knew that I ' I .1 Kl to THIS III in favor of au assignment 1 1 1 i I t i nevciit preferences of ftc- I : r . anil MU'i'ced that I would off r ll,'' i - t;'irn nl lull as published in in' l.i.il ( 'a t't'Asi an as a substitute I'm- tii. it- lull. Smith, of Stanly, tuiil t in 'lull introduced by him (not I V nipii.t) was objectionable to liiii!. ami i, mst be a mended before he ci i : I I iijiiirl it (his own bill),thcre f'Tn tlic iii.stioii would naturally in i i'iI Smith, of Stanly, have :m villi ii'.: tn do with having the bill iiiiii iiili il by tin' finance committee ? It In ilnl not want the bill changed H-i ii i iHimii nded by the committee, why diil he not offer such amend ment a Im wanted'.' Why did he h.ivt- tn.' bill M W'K A M'KCIAIi ORI'F.R, uIp n it wtis delayed and did not tin conn- up, '.viiy did he go the Speaker tui'l ui'. ! i i in to bing up his bill tii" i i bi I,,. says he approved if aiiK ihl' il. the very bill the commit tfi' ;iiu mi lr , (certainly) at the sug C' turn n Mime one interested in the hill' ('an aus body conceive any rea s"titiyMi. Smith wanted his bill put up., ii ,t pasfagi solely for the fiiirpii;,!' nf having it tallied, when it wi'iil'l have died a natural death on tii" cal ml r. 1" tlu r,. had been any honesty and sitn-t'i it y of purpose i'i his action, he W'xiiil liave n ied to amend tho bill ,u tn t" ma kr it conform to his idea I "t tin a:L-u merit bill, instead of ar- riuiijini: witii Mr, ij0e, of Haywood, I't'iimcrat, to make a motion to I wU- it, ,. lie would have fiven me - - - o 'Ul (itilinr! im it - t, .IV..f uiil.ti- I J U I'll k I LI V fVA-'a j!11'' w h1(-h lie was in favor of and ''"'I ;il'ivim! t... iiin.oril wii'a ln in fbf. 'Ulthnr ,i tlu. bill introduced bv smith N'u. ' Smith "n. 1. was in "'l'ii:l ali.ivf llvu il-uL-u uiiil loft XMIIIi' ll :,: tliu 1 .Ml tul.li.il U I I II,.- , m lnl...r..l' ,.. .os tl.at liu I, i.i-r. , ,4 uiui i inn t "v ,""v 1 ,-' not favor the bill neither Jill he N'ANT I'll v lin.T, PASSED ! Ptraiur,. ' t.,4i,,. , yki',1,.,1: It was killed by and 'S;Dlth No. "M , till persons connected with the it'.. t,us who were in- " "Ti'sti'il ni it. eettRinlv thero Was 1,Jt Hue ,. tiie finance committee, ,, "'""nt .vas made by anv of u,'in to ii . 1 1,.. i.;n v. i , ' - km v that I was opposed to "n.'P'ibli.hed in the Cau- . ' (N !l" a Sllbstitiitu Tliia lull -'"II to me t introduce, and I was 'florin, ,l 'IV tli.i liupjiin lliat if J tin rMh" '"Ifthat Sl'Tiu-i. .... . ' HAM I'.EEN t'REPA RED ;h;',',',:'''" l'Msmiof the legal pro- ii..O wh- objectionable, and "H l"H liaml. ,1 t i. ' i.:n .u,, U Vf'nt preferences in f'ltilciit, Tl... l.: it i.i:..t.J Mji 'i.i' uiit wa j i uiisnuu " ny ..lijiM.tion to it. I con- "in 1 '''' vi K srspirioi'H ''"fluiti I...,-- ....1 ...t.l. tipj , : 111.3 I'UiluciHCll Willi :l n i i"i 'ami was somewnat . U Hi' t.) ! I I tin. i i e. Illl 1 i:ir,- .1 ii -.1 t ii'jfU.. K 1 personally wun ue- , i ...,,.1,. fur tne amendment Ulw Olllit i 1.:m ...i -i . . ii v n. '" wnicu was ueiore ,&rK as unce ttie inij - ""ocioos, lnieniionai ..Jj.il.l.i ti, FALSEHOOD, v ''k'tin that the amend n't in my hand writincr. H JVt' f any recollection of II i n was acted upon by P'l tfe. The rennrt written I in my handwriting and ly me, just as the com- utinued on 4th pa. COUNTY iOVCRNMENT LAW. Tl Mrioiirr rrl ly tli I'.rinit Igl- Ulurr. Section J. That chapter seventeen of the hrbt volume of the ('ode, entitled Counticn, County Comtnis sioters and County lov rnment," be ami the name and all amendments thereto are amended hh fallows: By striking out the words "just iced of the peace. ' "with the concurrence of a maj rity ot 1he justicfs of thf peace sitting with them," "and t y a in j rity of the justices of the peace wherever the same iny occur, fee. 'J. By (striking out in sub. get tiou, 1U, of section 707, all of the same after the wool "provided." Sic. '.I. Sub-section twenty-eight CJN) of uect ion 707 is hereby repealed ami the following inserted itj lieu thereof, viz. To qualify and induct into i lli -e at the meeting of the bourd on the, Hist Monday in the month next succeeding their election or ap pointment the following named couuty ofib ers, to wit: Clerk of the Superior court, clerk of the Inferior court, sheriff, coroner, treasur r, register of deeds, s" rveyor and con stable; and to take and improve the olli -lal bonds of said officers, which Ihe board fchallca"seto be registered in the fiice of tho register.of detds. The original bonds shall be deposit d with the clerk of the Superior court, except the bond of the said clerk, which shall be deposited with the register of deeds for sfe keeping. Provided, however, that if the said board shal' declare the official bonds of any of said countv officers to be insufficient or shall decline to rteeive the same, the said officer may appeal to the Superior court judge riding the district in which said county is, or to the resident judge of s;tid district, as he may elect, who tdiall hear said appeal In chambers at any place in said district which he shall d' .sip uate within ten days after uoti e by him of the samej and if upon the hearing of said appeal the judge shall bo of the opinion that the said bond is sufficient, he shall issue an order to the said board of commis sioners to induct the paid officer in office, or that he shall bo retained iu ollico as the case may be: but, if upon the hearing of said apptal the judge shall be of the opinion that the boud is insufficient, he shnll give the appellant ten days in which to file I efortj him an additional bond and if the appellant shall within the said ten days hie neiore the a;u judge a good and sufficient bond in the opinion of said judge, he shall so declare and issue his order to said board, directing and requiring them to induct the appellant into office or retain him, as the case may be; but if in the opinion of the said judge both the original and the additional bonds are insufficient, he shall de clare the said office vacant, and notify said commipsiouers who shall notify the clerk of the Superior couit, who shall appoint to fill the vacancy, except in the case of the clerk of the Superior court, which vacancy shll be filled by Ihe res-idt nt judge. The j uigment or tne (superior court juuge shall be hual. The appeal and the finding and judgment of the Superior court judge snail Ue recorueu ou me miuuies oi the board of commissioners. Sec. 4 That section seven hundred ard sixteen (71(i) is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu there of, viz: There shall be elected in each county of the State, at the gen eral election to be held in the year one thousand eight hundred and ninety-six (lSl)f'i) and every two years thereafter, by the duly qualified elec tors thereof, three persons to be chosen from the body of the couuty, who shall be styled Ihe boaidot com missioners of the county of , and shall hold their office for two years from the date of their qualifi cation and until their successors shall be elected and qualified; and they shall be qualified by taking the oath of office before the clerk ot the Superior court or some judge or jus tice of the peace, and the register of deeds shall be ex-offido clerk of the boasd of commissioners. Sec 5. That whenever as many as five electors of the county make affi davit before the clerk of the Superior court at any time after theeltctiou of the coanty commissioners, that they verily believe that the business of the county, if left entirely in the hands of the three commissioners elected by the people, will be im properly managed; that then, upon petition of two hundred electors of said county, one-half of whom shall be freeholders, and socertitied bv the clerk of the Superior court, made to the judge nf the district or the judge presiding therein, it shall be the duty of said judge to appoint two honest and discreet citizens of said county, who shall be of a political party dif ferent from that of a majority of commissioneis, who shall, from their appointment and qualifications, by taking the oath required for county commissioners, be members of said board of county commissioners, iu every respect as fully as if elected bv the people, and shall continue in office until the election and qualifi cation of the successors of said board of county commissioners, and that no monev shall be paid upon the order ot said board, or official bonds accepted, nor shall any debt be in curred except upon the concurrence of as many as four of said board. That all motions concerning fina cial matters shall be taken upon aye and no vote and recorded upo the minutes. 1 Sec. 6. That section (717) sev j hundred And seventeen be and the same is hereby repealed. Sec. 7. That section (719) seven hundred and nineteen be and the name is hereby amended by striking out "justices of ae pe ice ' ana in serting in lieu thereof, "the clerk of the Superioi ciurt." Sec. 8. That all laws and clauses of laws inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed. Sec. 9. That this act shall be in force from and after its ratification. THE CAUCASIAN W1IX MAKE IT HOT FOll ENEMIES OF REFORM ALL THIS TE AR. IF YOU WANT TO KEEP POSTED IN REFORM WORK. SEND US TOUR NAME FOR A TEAR. Mann l-OO THE WEEKLY FOR CAUCASIAN b Mat on jemr. ABOUT THE INCOME TAX. Great Confusion and Dissatisfac tion Over the Decision of the Court-Trouble Coming. PAYING UNDER PROTEST. Kniile of the I'lifalr Con.llll. n I' re yailiuK IVole rr.pamig to Hring More Hull .Kal.mt the Tax-How the Court Stood -A Summary of the Law. The income tax is becoming fa mous since the Supreme court of the L nited States render! its opinion. It will re remembered that a suit wai brought to test the constitu tionality uf the tax. -The ense was heard by eight of the. nine Justices of the Surreme court including the Chief Justice. After a long and powerful controversy by the leading lawyers of the land, a majority of the court decided that rent incomes and incomes from State and mitniri. juil botnlx could not be taxed. As to other incomes the court was evenly divided four holding that the were taxable and four holding that they were not. This status of the Court left the law in force as to tax ing all incomes errejit those from rents and State and municipal bonds The action of the Court has raised a storm of dissatisfaction all over the country, and will lead to a great cloud of litigation. The law was intended to tax all incomes exceeding $4,000 annually. But the action of the court will nul lify the intent of the law in thou sands of cases, while nearly every man who has an income exceeding $1,000 is now ready to bring suit against paying taxes on it. For instance a man may have an income of 500 from a manufactory and a like income from bonds, mak ing a" total income of $7 000 per year; but none of this can be taxed, because the income from his factory is not large nough to be t"xed, and the income from his bonds is exempt from taxation by the decision of the Court. Again, if a man owns a lot of land which he rents out for $4,000 per year, he is not taxed; but if the man who rents the land makes $4,000 per year on it he is taxed. It can be plainly seen that a law which will ope.ate in this manner will be a discriminating measure, and will always be a source of con tjntion and dissatisfaction. It is no wonder that the court's decision has made trouble, and that pirlies are preparing to bring more suits which they insist shall be heard by the fu'l bench (nine) of the Court. The law requires that all parties having sufficient incomes, shall re port them by April loth, or be sub ject to costs ind penalties amount-, ing to fifty per cent. There is a great rush to all collection offices, but every man is making his return and paying his tax under protest, with a view of getting it back by some legal action. The law, as intended, is undeniably a fair and good one; but the consti tutional construction of it is unde niably unfair and bad. Upon the important points of the decision the Court divided as fol lows: Chief Justice Fuller and Justices Field, (4 ray and Brewer hld that the law, cs a whole, is unconstitution al. Justices Harlan, Shiras, Brown and white regard the law as wholly or in part constitutional. Justices Shiras and Brown believe the tax on incomes from rents, and S ate, county and municipal Honds, is un constitutional, and Justice Harlan contends that the tax may be levied on incomes from rents. Judge Field gave a vigorous de cision against the whole law. The effect of the decision on the Treasury will be most disastrous as far as the receipts from the income tax are concerned. No one will pre tend to say, with any degree of ac curacy, how much revenue will be lost on account of the decision. Commissioner Miller says that it would take him sev-ral days to make even an approximate estimate, bu ; the rough guess that has been made by the Treasury officials is that the revenue will be reduced .by about fifteen million dollars, if there are no further adverse decisions. Briefly summed up, the law, as it stands at present, is as follows: The tax is levied on incomes re ceived between January 12, 1894, and December 31, 1894. The amount of the tax is two per cent. Citizens of the United States resident or non-residen aliens are subject to the tax on all incomes Non-resident aliens are taxed on in comes derived from any source in the United States. Incomes of $4;000 or less are -exempt from taxation. On incomes exceeding $4,000 the tax is levied ODly on the portion of the income exceeding $4,000. Incomes ar taxable, no matter trom what source derived, except those derived trom rents ot real es tate, and those derived from inter est on State or Municipal bonds. Only one deduction of $4 000 is made from the aggregate income of the members of any family composed of one or more parents and minor children. . - Where corporations pay taxes on their incomes, individual stockhold ers are not taxed upon, incomes de rived from dividnts on the stock of such corporation. Each person bavin? an income of more than $3,500 per year must make a return of such income to the collector or deputy collector of In ternal Revenue of the district in which he resides. Guardians and trustees must make returns for their wards or cestui que trust. Returns this year must be made on or before April 15. In succeeding (Continued on fourth page.) RALEIGH, N. C., THURSDAY, APRIL IS, IF CHRIST CAME TO CONGRESS. The Hon. M. W. Howard. orcrrxntaa "in Alabama. Ilefroil H InitrJf Agaiuat th At tar It of the I'lutor I'mi, anil I'olot Out the (irrat Noun of I Ju.t and Corrupt I.rgUlation. When a man enters Congress he must choose one or two thing. If he wishes to be courted and feted ry Washington society, if he desires the praise of the plutocratic press, if he is looking after fat places for his relations and triends, if his heart longs for the smilcg of aristocracy and the fawnimr of sveophants. he has only to be the willing: tool f plutocracy and all these things are within h's easy jrrasp. If thus he chooses, his future pathway is strewn with flowers, and for him there is the purple and fine linen of Dives. On the other hand, if he cham pions t he cause of the people, and stands up for the Nation's toilers and A. it I 1 1 I auiagjn zes-ouvio ks wno are en slaving the honest yeomenry of the country, HE WILL 15JS CALLED A CRANK, an agitator and an Anarchist. He will be scorned by society, ma ligned, abused and ridicu'ed by the plutocratic press and treated dis courteously and snubbrd by those in power, and (riven to ucd rstand that he has no injfuenre with the ad ministration. This condition confronts every man who is chosen to represent th. people, and he must become an allv of the aristocracy of wealth, and de sert the people, or stand up for the rights of the people and be HATED BV THE MONEV POWER. Surrounded by lobbyists and cor ruptionists, with, unlimited money to purchase votes, with avenue aftet avenue to luxury ard ease contin ually open to the mental vision, sur rounded by vice and profligacy, is ii to be wondered at that so many of our public men fall victims to the temptation, and forget the poor toilers who labor in the mines and factories, the vineyards and the fields, and who are looking to theit leaders in such intense, tearful sus pense? Here lies the great danerer This is the very root of the evil, the source of all our ills. So long as the trusts and monopo lies hold such unlimited power, just so long will our legislation become MORE CORRUPT AND VICIOUS. The greedy, unscrupulous, graspiDg trusts have entered the halls of Congress and they have polluted the men whom the people have trusted. and instead of a government by the people, it is a government by a money oligarchy. The capital city of our nation is reeking with rotten ess; corruption and bribery stalk hand in hand with luxury and li centiousness. The man who sells his vote loses his honor and becomes the prey of vicious habits Once startel on the downward road there is no stopping, and he becomes the easy tool of the money power. Thus, it has come to pass that the Con gress of the United States is ever ready to FOSTER THE ROBBER TRUSTS while the people are starving. We talk of reform along certain lines; j we hold mon:ter meetings, and pe tition Congres for the passage of certain laws in the interest of the people, and we wait and fondly hope for eood, wholesome legislation. when the very men who are to pass the laws have sold themselves to the money changers. We must break the hold which the money power has upon this nation ere we can hope for reform. We must scourge the Shy locks from the capital even as Christ scourged the money changers from the temple, and we must turn out the unfaithful servants, and with them the corruptionists, the lobbyists, the rogues and prostitutes who make of the great capitol building at Wash ing on a VERITABLE DEN OF THIEVE?. If we would have the stream pure we must purify the hed waters, so if we would have just laws, passed in the interest of the men and women who have produced the wealth of this na tion, we must work a reformation among those who give us the laws. vV ith an earnest desire to reveal to the American people this most shock ing state of affairs.and to show them the source of the great danger which menaces us, 1 wrote my book "If Christ Came to Congress." The pic tures there drawn are no doubt vivid and starting, but this is because they are true taken from real life. The plutocratic press all over the country is heaping abuse and vitu peration on me tor drawing aside the veil so that the voters of this country might look upon this SHOCKING SCENE OF CORRUPTION, shame and debauchery, and I have been threatened with ostracism by Washington society and expulsion from Congress because of ths reve lations and-exposures I have mde; but in spite of all this, I propose to wield my pen and raise my voice in behalf of the honest toilers who have elected me to Congress, and to "cry aloud and spare not" until every man in the land shall be acquainted with the true situation and stirred to ac tion. Let me conclude with a picture of the cloiing-scenes of the session of Congress which expired March 4:h It was the holy Sabbath day, and the church bells were ringiu ; mer rily over the city In the capitol, CHAMPAGNE FLOWED LIKE WATER Committee rooms became temporary brothels. Women of ill repute swarraea ine corridors ana sang songs in the public restaurants with inebriated Con.ressmen. "I have seventy five dozen glasses out," said Tom Murray, the disgusted caterer of the House restaurant- "That tells the story of the committee rooms better than any words I could utter." Ln front of the main door is a per fect cloud of gentlemen interested in legislation. Some of tin faces are familiar and have been seen here for the last twenty years. Soma are comparatively new. Thousands and hundreds of thousands of dollars are to ba won or lost . within the next few hcurs, ... Around at the other door are more lobbyists and among them are some (Continued on Fourth" Page. LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE. Various Matters on Which the Popular Opinion is Expressed. All Sections Interested. LIVING ISSUES FORWARD. Contempt autl Kiilirulv fr I he Drntorratic rr"' rruw at the trKralt I n f Irtiii mry .t?.,it on 'all.l to short H'tishU U t rtilirrr An fr irorUtlun. Abandons ! Truth and D.renc). For Caucasian. Four uaks, Arril i:th. 'U.". T:e (ieuiocia'ic papers are making every enort that an unscrupulous, meau, low-uowu Partizan ori'jin lo tion can do to get our people di sau-iicu wun our legislature. They have abandoned truth. honesv and decency. Y"tirs , K. l". S. Itrst ll 1 an tluil, For tlio Caucasian. J Bryant. X. C, April hth, ';:. I have read The l'rrvtv nn.1 have become very much attached to r . . ii. i gei more real intormatiou trom it than any paper that I can find. I fully believe that if any good, honest man will rt ad vour ni.er for tirlv months, he will be a 1'opulist, It is the best educator in the reform- cause that we have. Let every reformer get up a club for The Caucasian. Kespecttully, Ii Ii. SoukKLL. "On The Jiun." For The Caucasian- Kershaw, 8 0., April hth, 'U"). Don't let up on the Douglass busi ness; you have got tho "urterritted" locofoco on the run. The neerro question was to have been their hob- ry in the next campaign. I think circumstances are such as to make them advance some other issue. God forbid that they may gt control of the government again They have about bankrupted the whole country. (iive them Hail Columbia, and don't let up until they shall have been c m- pletely routed. ery truly, J. Trom Tne Mountain to The :?ea. For the Caucasian. WAi.i.i'.TTKij, X. C, April 4th, '95. I think The Caucasiav is one among the best, if not tho best paper puDiisnett in tne btate Hut for flint paper, the same old machine would be ruling this State yet, with all the ruinom ii urb n eUments attached. We hive knocked the wind rut of their sails. Now U that is left f r them to "holler" about is nigg?r. If you go on in the way yo i hive com menced, under-your vry able man agement, they will wish they never heard tell of or even seen a "nigg-'r." 1 only hope anu wish that we will be able to secure all the people who tavor good government from the mountains to the sea. ' P. W. Wall. Not That Kind of a Ddinocrut For the Caucasian. Svanshoro,;N. C, April IGth, 'K. In the "Jacksonsville Times" of late date, I notice an article, headed 'The new magistrates for Ouslow County." The editor has seen fit to deliver a tirade of abuse on the 'jngrel 'egislature," as he call it; also vents ms spleen on those ap pointed as magistrates; says a mean er, sorrier mass of incapables (as a whole) could not have been scraped up in the State &c; then tries to modify, by saying they possessed the one redeeming quality of being white men, thoujrh the most illiterate negroes that could have been chosen would have stood forth as brilliant aid shining lights when conipar-d with those white men &c; then modi fies again by saying: There are a few competent and capable men in the list, but the majority can boast only of enough brains to vote the straight Populist ticket, &3. He prepared a sketch of the most promi uent political incidents in the lives of the new officials, but his love for Onslow county, and respect for their families preclude publication. I, as one of the appointed, wish to say to the gentleman, if he is a gen tleman, which I doubt very much, that I am as respectable and as com petent to be a J. P. as any of those who have held that position, under the so-called Democratic boss- ism in that county for years; am a white man and have a white man s principle, which I am sorry to say I don't believe he has. Who is the editor of the "Tiniest'' Guess he is white, but he certainly is not a native of this county. He must be a scalawag, carpet-bagger or something besides an honorable man comparing us to the scum ot the earth, and the old man" whoever he he is quoting scripture, that God made man from the dust, but the X. C. legislature made u:. out ot notntng. letter go say your prayers, "old man." I ask Air. Ld 'Times" if he ever learned the Lord': prayer. ftuame on you sir. and still more so on your family if you have one. If not, we think it would be a h-ud matter for you to get a respectable white one iu Onslow county. I was appointed J. P.. not by any request of my own, for I knew nothing about it; had nothing to do with it; in fast did not belong to that party; didn't vote for the party; didn't want to be a J. P. in fewansboro, but so far as beiug capable is concerned, I am as competent and capable of being a magistrate as any Democrat, so called, iu this community. The negro hobby negro yoir hob by! If any half civilized, half edu cated negro anywhere could not make better magistrates, than many of those so-called democratic J. P's. who have been ruling as such for the last several years, I should be sorry for them. Now sir, you have misrepresented me, either knowingly or otherwise, I believe knowingly. If ignorantly, I suppose you are to be excused; but an editor ofj a paper should not make such mistakes. I denounce your statement a base falshood, and Uontifaued on 3rd page. I 18Jf. i ft mtm mSm The Democratic Douglass Ass is desperately trying to hnteh something from a lot of very bad es. GOOD CHEER FROM OHIO. A Prominent and Iiitluutil Ohio Farmer Nrt.VH I liat I he I armer of That State are Tired ,f the lr morrat W- and IC-ulli-an I'artiett. Tkiswav, Ohio, March IS. lion. M'trion liuth r: When I write to upon vour election to th I' it i t o.t Slates Senate, I but voice the Fenti- m?ntsot hundreds of farnwrti ulm are land-owners and members ot either the Republican oi Detnoci, at it party in the State of Ohio. It has ueen predicted that the amx-ar-in.... of Mr. Pritchard and yourself in the Senate "will perhaps shake smii of me venerable traditions, &c," of tuat body. We.hooe so: nl ulixi, sueh is the ease you can feel assured of our hearty amen. 1 ask mv friend. Mr. ( hand you this letter because he is a Southerner who is well k Ohio farmer, and although t.ot a p ntician, tully appreciates the fa-t that the farmers noith and souh have in the Democratic and Repub lican parties "made unto themsdvts idols and found them el.-iv unA stand ready today to flock round th standard of any party that ean lead them out of the political wilderness Hoping I may see you when you are in Washington, I am ery sincerely your friend, William K Cox. POLITICAL POINTS. Mr. JamesD. Collins a vervnroni- inent man in Atlanta, (Ja,, has gore over to the Republicans. He rs-a been a iifelong Democrat, a&d hays ... r. . noi one man m ten in Atlanta will vote the Democratic ticket, th.it a good many of them will go to the Republicans and the balance will vote ith the.Populista. (i m1 bve my party good bve: Alliance Vin dicator. The Springfield Rennbl ie:in rum. menting n'Uie increase of Populism, aumiu mat tne growth of the partv is phenomenal. It says: "As "a matter of fact the anti-slavery party, irom me time it began to put a presidential candidate in the field in 1844, down to the breaking up of the whig party in 1852, never ex hibited a more persistent and grow ing strergth than the jtop'.e's party has so far showu." Hirrison is a candidate and co are Allison, McKinley and Tom 1 l... 1 xico t. j ou; uorsea are grooming for the Presidential sweepstakes in 1S9 J, The I) mocrats are bad off as there is not one man who looms up at present a3 a possibility. Wil mington Messenger. The Xewbern Journal tells of a death which occurred at that place, last Saturday night about 12 o'clock. Miss Julia Ta 1 or, aged 5, who lived alone and did tailor work, screamed for helo about midnight. and Mr. J. C Gieen, who lived next door answered and went over. Miss laylorsaid a man had come on her porch and Iwl raised the window ana asKea wno it was. He grasped at her and drpped the wiudow and left. Mr. G e.n told her to come to his house a d soeud the remainder of the night, and she was supposed to ba preparing to do so, but hear- lug notnmg more of - her for some time Mr. Greeu looked, in the window and saw her lying on the floor. Help was summoned, but she soon died. The coroner jury decided that she had died of fright. John Goat, of Wyoming, Minn., has been mean enough to name one of bis girl Nannie. - -r AN ANXIOUS EASTER. A PARULEl SHOWING HOW THE 'It (People's .:trtj h.a not been in power, but it has nevei thel. H done ";r-at harm. It is niairilv re sponsible, for the tilv-r cm.- that has -iiie uar unfi ling ih f..iin- cry'n finances and did pie-ipitato a I panic, th effects of which will u'-it i disappear for mauy y-arn. In many paits of the country it compelled the ooliticiaiiH of loih ih- otbvr parties o adopt the free toer pn grannie is the only tiHutu of r tainiug th-ir hold on the offices." Macon (Ja ) Telegraph (Deiu.), Jan. !, "!,". "The reason farm product are so low is because tl ere is cverpnidue tion. There are too mar. v people irai!-d in fariu'njj." Chicago Inter-! .-ean ( K p.) "The bad ktate of e flairs for two years past is owing to Republican legisl.-.tion." -Atlanta Journah J-m.) THE GREAT CONGRESS. The ruliir ilpljlun ef the -Ie; arlnl" It.Mly Kiiireaned ly Many I'eopte. Hut what a raise rabl crowd wa that over two-thirds in a j rity of the last House! Had th-re ben but one man of courage and brail h op posing the undemocratic usurpa tions of the White House, he would be now the leading man in the coun try. Dut there was not one in that Democratic (tomorrow. Sentnel (Dt-tn.l Kven New Vork with its over whelming Democratic majority of a few years ago has a Republican mayor, whi'e Chicago turn out a Democratic mayor and replaces him with a Republican, irivinir the latter over 41.000 majority. The workings of the avowed Democratic policy have been testtd. and the neot.lt. want no more iach experiments. l'oila!elpLia Item (Sil. The Fifty-third Congress will be rem (inhered cbif!y because, first, he majority party failed to redeem the b-dges it made to the people; co. d, because of its inability to comprehend the scope of its duties, and it consequent helplessness in front of irreat issues; third, because of its t-ulserviency to class interests. W. A. P. tf-r. The final nd utter collapse of the Democratic party in the presence of the grandest opportunities that ever came to any political party in the his ory of this nation is simply mar velous. No party ever made greater promises, ever had gr. ater oppor tunities, or made a more signal fail ute. Under the leadership of fJrover Cleveland, who was worshiped as a party idol raised to a pedestal higher than his party, the party bas gone down in ignominy and reproach, so far and so low that even if strongest partisans s-arcely have the courage to defend it. What can the rank and file in the Democratic party expect in the tuture bj re maining in itf Ex. The funniest thing out is to the ffet that a Democrat in Chatham county last week, '.ff?rtd to bet Or cents that Marun Butler would not beat Iliusm for the U. S. Senate. Come. bud. Da tier hn done irnne and done it, and RaLsom is in Mexi co. Christ died nearly 1900 jean a?o, and it's "agin" the law in North Carolina to bei on elections, except "election bj grace" where-ignorance cuts no figure in the case; but yon are commanded to repent or yon perish. Hickory Mercurj. THE C irCASiax WILL SEEK TO EX POS StOTTEXXESS AID HTfOCKlSY KTKXTVHEKK. XT TOO WOULD KJTOW OT XT. C3 rem r NO. 24. OLD PARTY PAPERS TANGLE IT. "Uy many people the party Demo crat i) ia uujuslly held reponib for the panic of year bfor last. TIj panic waa the result of the atoM by the Republican of th-ir power in ' oatrolliug the taiing machinery f th government, la failinir t ettU the curreri-yfuefion, the Democratic party will lake, the rink uf precipi tating another panic, for which it will le undeniably reapootible. Macon (ia Telegraph (Iem.), Jan. H, .i.-.. "The reason timet are Lard in th cities in becauae too many feopl crowd in from the rnral litric4s. More people- should t i tb oil." Chicago Tribune 4 Rep.) "The Democratic party will walk out of its If and nothing will remain but a Mnell of brim (tone and Wall htreej." Zfcb. Vance. THE POINT OF VIEW. lal Tbat ttrrmr t'rw 4IUM Mklrh r.iUL. What has brought out this inde pendence of the voters f Who are the ieop!e that are entitled to tba credit of this change for the better f Who are the e-ple or party that have been agitating and educating the masses for their own good for the last few years 1 Was it the Dem ocrat! and Republicans? Ily bo means. Did not the old part s in 111 and ''Jl fight their battles on about the same old lines, perfectly ignoriug the idea of financial reform as agitated by the Populiitaf Cer tainly they did. Did not I'reaideat Cleveland call an extra session of Congress to legislate on financial questions that thej had perfectly ignored previous to the election t j Certainly. The eop! generally ao j m it ted the Populists failed, be j cuse e did cot get control of the ' national government (and no one ex j pected it), but yon are m'-stakf n, my i friends. It was a grand victory. Why i'e succeeded in bringing before the i people the great financial question i and forced the old parties to no longer ignore it. Does any sensible man at all abreast of the time be- ! lieve it would have ever been before , the people as an issue if it bad been ' left to the old parties Ceo. W.Jack son in irgima bun. For half a century the United State has been retarded in its progreas by so many people blindly holding to the two dominant parties, regardUae of consequences. We have certainly reached a period in oar history have certainly bad enough party jobbery and lack of proper and trreat Iy neede d legislation to be will ing to start oat on a new lino and select oar best and most progressive m-n, regardless of party, and bare such measures put into laws as tho great masses of the people demand and need. Dublin Courier. "Scratch a Democratic office bolder and yon scratch a monopoly tool; set ate h a Republican office bolder and you scratch a monopoly pimp. The people argne of the "merits" of the two factions when the Uepnbli cans denounce the Democrats as liars and thieves and when Democrats de nounce the Republicans as thieves and liar-and both aide telling tho troth !n Free Trader. Governor Evans, of South Caro lina, ears th sooth and wort will be anited for the political strngfle of next year. Th issue will be silver wp. gold, and it is predicted that th anited sections will be Ttetorioaa. Wayeroa Herald. ii ii ii ii si ii to II

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