The Caucasian (Clinton, N.C.) /
May 28, 1896, edition 1 /
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Five Copies Caucasian 3 Months For $1.0012 Copies 3 Months $2.00
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RALEIGH, N. O., THURSDAY, MAY 28, 1896.
. . "
Various Matters on Which The
Popular Opinion is Express
edAll Sections Interested.
LIVING ISSUES FORWARD.
Mors KaUorsemeale of the Actios) of tlx
C'uinmlttea-dooe) railing Krirfihrr
feuttle Are Com In a- In I'a 'Mfa la The
MliMU of The Kuail" la Tlio tl.
Spoil a. frln lle.
For Tha Caucasian.
Haint Lewim. N. ('..May 111,
What i the matti-rT Thero (wemii
to be a irreat Hanior or warfare go-
injf on along the political line, eape
:i:illy along the funion line. Is this
war dangerous! They tell me that
thin war is declared by oM man
"Tarty and Spoil Hunter" against
old man "Principle." Well, if old
man Party and Spoil Hunter were
not in war in their own camp as in
hilO, old man "Pnncple" might feel
himself in danger; but knowing that
lit' is the savior of the party that
will h.ivo the people and country,
. ked by "Mary Ann," Tni Cau
i aman and a host of other patriots,
he has nothing to fear. And if this
in not the time for old man "Prin
riplo" and his supporters to stand
linn and still and see the salvation
of the Lord in destroying old par
tics and spoil hunters in behalf of
principle, it never has been, politi-
aliy "peaking, unless it was in lbOO.
Suppose old man Principle had
fused with "Party and Spoil Jlun-
trr in that period, (lbbU); would
that fusion not havo destroyed the
mission and principle of the "third"
Let "Mary Ann" and the many
reform patriots "keep in the middle
of the road" with one eye on the
Tory at the same time; keep their
powder dry and tho victory, in the
name of God and principle which
will save the people and country, will
lo easily won.
J. I. Lewis.
Fritm a Ufa-Long Republican.
For llio Caucasianl
May 21, "Jfi.The people of this
coin m unity highly endorse the
courso of our young Senator, in in
troducing such bills as we think are
for the benetit of us all (I mean all
parties). I am a life-long Republi
can, but I appreciate the bills and
votes of the young Senator and
those who stand by him better than
anything I see from the other par
ties. Hurrah for tho restoration of sil
ver! Stand firm on that; bolt the
conventions and let silver men come
together. Ferret out the bond busi
ness a,Tid set Cuba frne for humani
J. II. UILLKSI'IE.
For The Caucasian,
Uladkn county, N. C, May 21,
'.)(. I am a Pop four years old and
have come to stay. We Pops in this
vicinity mean nothing but "the mid
dle of the road" and no fusion. We
ave a few Demmys in this country,
liut they are for free silver and sav
ey will not vote a gold ticket nor
will they support a man who will.
We heartily endorse our "Mary
Ann," our gallant leader, in his hon
est defense of the poverty stricken
eople, and further more we are
Raining grouuu on both old parties
as fast as the political wheel turns
over. There are honest Democrats
in my township and I believe thev
will be more for the welfare of the
people and their rights than they
have in the past.
Tho colored people in my section
are solid for the Tods, but occa
sionally there comes a stray "Had"
along and tries to put that same old
ug in their ears; but that bug has
squealed in their ears sorrow and
woe too many times.
v o Fops down here aro at work
on the straight line and are willing
to help turn our liberty wheel to free
our countrv. thoueh we have no
money to work with.
A Four Year Old Pop.
All Wool aud a Yard Wide.
For The Caucasian.
Kenly, May 22, '00. I am well
pleased with the course our commit
tee took on April ICth and 17th.
That move was all wool and a yard
wide, and no discount on it. I think
: A 1 - i mi
yhoopees for our Senator, and may
lie stay "in the middle of the road"
land continue to lead the cause for
I reform. And as for that paper of
yours, may it never die.
B. T. Woodard.
Wby Can Wa Mot Unite?
For the Caucasian.
Graniteville. N. C. May 20.
pG. The Populists are listening and
watching. They are quiet as yet,
but will act together when the time
We were under a Democratic fire
four years ago, and now the Repub
licans are planting their batteries,
and a few small guns are being fired
at our general. Thev think thev
will scare him out, and then we will
surrender, but they will get fooled
as bad as the Democrats were four
years ago. They will find out that
they are barking up the wrong tree.
There are some who have claimed
to be Populists who are wolves in
sheep's clothing, and the Populists
uave an eye on them. They have
been employed to decoy true men of
the Populist belief into the Republi
can party a foolish undertaking.
It is auite funnv to hear the one-
horse politicians tell what Senator
"utler said, and what he is doing.
and "he is bossinc his nartv." and
Nl kinds of stuff and abuse are be
ing circulated, but it all amounts to
nothing. We will risk Senator But-
er like Paddie did his son, and will
say: "Batler, watch them; keep
Tour eye on them and stand for the
people. They will learn after the
I Ova.. . , .
vuement dies down that von are
me true friend of the laboring men."
I re they will find it out when it is
too lat. The politicians have, at
this early day of the campaign, got
some laboring men arrayed against
each other, aud their reason de
throned. When will our people
learn to stand together! Tho gold
standard monopolists will be to
gether on vtding day, while the
silver men will be rplit up into con
tending faction, thereby giving aid
to their enemy. Why can we not
unite? Hav. say laboring men !!
S. o. Deaykk.
Hit Haul It a KapabllrMus.
Kor Tli Caiiraiarj. I
Moroanton, N. ('., May 22, '1)0.
We understand that L. A. Cobb, of
this place, has represented the Peo
ples Party in the Republican con
vention ((lill-Amoa convention), and
if lie ha wo will protest agaiust it.
I have consulted with more than
e . a m
niiy hip moors or our party since
Monday laft, and have not found a
man who knew anything of his go
ing, lie was sent thero by the Ke
publican party. Wo are with you
in your stand on the matter of fu
sion. We cannot fnae with any
party that is not in favor of free
L. M. Wall.
Tha IJuastlno I, "How to Get It."
For The Caucasian.
Haywood. N. C, May 23, ?9C I
feel as, an Allianceman, that it is
the duty of every man who feels he
has an interest in the government of
his country, to give his views on the
financial question of to-day. It is
no longer a question, should we
havo free coinage of silver, but the
question is how to obtain it. I ad
mire Senator Butler's plan. I think
he is aiming to make an effort to get
the silver forces together. It seems
that is the only hope to save our
country from financial ruin. He has
done as much, if not more, to edu
cate the masses than any other man
in North Carolina, although some
politicians are trying to ridicule
him. They bring no charges against!
uuu, uui preuici mai no win prove a
traitor. They are only measuring
Butler's corn in their half bushel.
for no man can tell what a man is
going to do bat a piophet, and a
false prophet can't do that.
He is a man with brain sufficient
to comprehend the situation that the
toiling masses occupy, and he has
principle enough to tell them of it.
Would that we had such a man in
the White House of this nation. As
the Scripture says: The time is
coming and now is when tho dead
shall hear the voice of tho son of
God, and they that hear shall live.
Yes, the time is coming when noth
ing but this voice can reach us.
When the last expiring breath shall
desert us, the lightnings may Hash,
the thunders may roll, and the drum
may beat their tbr-Jing" sound for
joy, but this soul cj. no longer ap
prehend. But in te rtext they that
hear shall live. O. J would that the
law-makers could fully realize the
contents of the above. Then, and
not until then, will they keep their
pledges and refuse bribery.
O. E. Brooks.
Approved lijr tho Klghth lllxtrlct.
For the Caucasian.
Connelly Springs, N. C We,
the people of the 8th Congressional
district, fu.Iy concur in the action
of the State executive committee as
We can elect a freo silver candi
date in this district and will support
Prof. 14. L. Patton is the logical
candidate from this district. We intend-
to support him, because we
know for what he stands, and for
whom we are voting as our repre
sentative in Congress.
Gaaton Papa Straight.
For the Caucasian.
Stanley, N. C, May 23, '90. I
want to thank you for the editorial
of last week entitled, "Some Inside
Gaston county Pops are "in the
middle of the road." They say they
will not vote for a goldbng for any
oillce from f resident to constable.
E. D. Thompson,
Chairman Co. Ex. Com.
They Fear m Stand For Principle.
For the Caucasian.
Sylva, Jackson Co.. N. C. Mav
j, yo. i must let you know how
we are getting alone: here. The
1'opulists of this countv are with
Senator Butler on his policy of co
operation, uotn tne old parties are
badly demoralized. Thev olainlv
Bee that the Populists are for prin
ciple and that is what they fear
more than everything else. Both
the office gangs have had no prin
ciple but to get office. The Popu
lists stand solid for principle instead
Every man in this union knows
the Peoples Party is the onlv true
silver party and if silver is ever re-
monetized it will come through the
Peoples Party. We are a nnit on
silver in Western North Carolina.
We invite all true silver men to join
heart aud hand in the great strug
We heartily endorse our Senator's
course in the United btates Senate
and as chairman of the Peoples
Party of North Carolina.
R. A. Painter.
Separate Coach ea For Colored People.
The Supreme Court of the United
States has affirmed the constitution'
ahty of the Louisiana statute pro
viding separate coaches for white
and colored passengers on the rail
roads in that State.
x ne railroads are required to sup
ply eoiorea passengers with aceom
mooauons suDstantially equal to
XI Al- 1-1 . 1 . .
iuobo wuu wnicn tne wnites are
furnished, and there is thus no nn
lair discrimination. The matter of
separate coaches has been agitated
for several years in Southern States
and it has been feared that a law to
this effect would not stand the test
of the courts.
The Baltimore Sun remarks that,
now the Supreme Court has 'declared
the Louisiana statute constitutional,
it is probable that the legislatures of
other Southern States will enact
THE WILat. ST0N STAR DtM.) PRE
SENTS SOME CLEAN, CLEAR FACTS
Tha Plana aud Mrbaniea i.f the Uold Con
bln-Th Folly or Trying to tajr ITslat-
log lebta With Hold-How tho Money
Power Makea IU Powrr rait.
mi ii ... . .
j. no puunc debts oi tne leading
European nation, that is Kusma,
Germany, France England, Italy,
Austria-Hungary, Spain and Den
mark, aggregate $"J4,0OO.0tMj,O00, an
increase of $4,000,000,000 in the paxt
ten years. Theno debts with the in
tercut are all payable in gold. They
were not always payable in gold
only, for until the demonetization of
silver they were payable in coin, as
our national debt was until the gold
manipulators got a inling in their
favor and made it payable in cold.
Twenty-four thousand millions of
dollars in gold is about eight times as
much as there is coined m the world.
These debts are payable sometime;
the interest must be paid annually
unless the nations default. If the
interest be paid annually at 3 per
cent., it would take $720,000,000, or
nearly one-fourth of all the coined
gold in the world to pay it.
is it a wonder that gold is in de
mand and that the gold nations of
the earth are constantly hoarding it!
is it a wonder that there is little
or no gold in circulation when the
nations are thus hoarding it?
Is it a wonder that the crold mani
pulators to whom this interest is paid
and to whom the principal must
some day be paid, if it is ever t.aid,
insist upon sticking to the gold
standard which thus enriches them
and puts the money of the world
practically in their control.
ihese debts are due to probably
ess than a hundred people, and
these people have such a thorough
understanding with each other, and
such facilities for combination, that
they always move in concert and
when their mutual interests are in
volved work together and carry
their point. They have their repre
sentatives in government circles and
in legislative bodies just as Govern
ment creditors in this countrv have.
They know how to make the power
of their money felt and do it.
Is there any sane man in the world
who believes that these $24,000,000,
000 will ever be paid! or that the
Governments which owe them can
raise the gold to pay them! Where
are they going to get itl It must
come either from taxation or by bor
rowing and that means taxation
ater, and an increase of the indebt
edness. Some people think "a na
tional debt a national blessing." It
is one of these "blessings" that keeps
on growing without cultivating.
They are very hard things to get rid
ot even when there is a desire and an
effort to get rid of them. As an il-
ustration this country, which now
has the reputation of beiner the
wealthiest country in the world, has
been more thr.n a generation in pay
ing half of its national debt, and the
remainder instead of decreasing is
increasing because of the folly of ad
hering to the gold standard. By
adopting the gold standard this debt
was more than doubled, and the babe
Is not born that will live to see it
paid off if the gold s'andard be ad
These $24,000,000,000 present
only tho national debts of less than
dozen nations. It makes no ac
count of the municipal, corporate or
individual indebtedness, all of which
must also be paid in gold, nearly all
of which is locked Hp in Government
and other vaults, where it is held to
meet emergencies, or for specula
tive purposes, absolutely controlled
by a comparative handful of men,
who dictate substantially, the gold
standard to the world. Thev are the
world's money lenders, for under
their selfish, grasping, cold-blooded
dictation gold is the only thing they
recognize as money, and tney to
some extent force their gold stand
ard on the silver-using nations. If
Japan, for instance, or Mexico
wants to borrow money from them
they lend gold and insist . on pay
ment of principal and interest in
gold, and when interest or principal
becomes due these silver-using na
tions must take their silver and buy
At . . .
tne goid to meet the obligation,
These money lenders control the
gold supplies of the world; the
Rothschild family and connections
ean control about two-thirds of it.
and the gold must be bought from
them to pay the debts due to them.
and having a monopoly of the gold
tney can maxe tneir own terms and
put their own price en it, and they
?. 1 .1 Ml . .. j. ..
e uau an illustration oi tnat in
our own bond sales to raise gold to
meet the Government obligations,
wmcn in law are not payable in gold
but which from a stupid oi ciiminal
uuusiruuuon oi ue law are paid in
gold. The speculators who took the
last issue of bonds made a clean $10,
000,000 by the operation. And thus
it goes. The debt instead of dimin
ishing is increasing, and yet we have
men howling over the country for
tne maintenance or tne life-sapping,
piunoermg gold standard.
And so are the debts ot European
umuons increasing. Tney nave in
creased twenty per cent, in ten
years, and still the nations promise
to pay in gold, which is a sheer im
possibility, and they know it when
they make the promises. They know
they can't get the gold, for it isn't
in the world te be gotten and there
is no probability that it ever will be
It is an unmitigated fraud for those
nations to be promising to do what
they know they cannot do. To keeD
up the gold standard is simply the
voluntary perpetuation of this un
Bon. Walter R. Henry at StateaTllIe.
For The Caucasian.
On the 19th, court adjourned for
dinner giving two and a half hours
A A 1 av
ior me speaKing. t ne . Deu was
rung, and the crowd anxious to hear
the great orator, soon filled the court
house, standing room and all. After
being introduced by the county
chairman. Mr. Henrv arose, and a
perfect sea of faces turned on him
in silence; and for two hours he held
that crowd, notwithstanding the ex
treme heat of the day, and delivered
one oi the greatest and moti mas
terly speeches we ever hard. He
was not abusive. He ds!t in fact
and figures with all c-arneotnee and
zeal in thunder toner, hewing to the
line and letting the "chips fall where
they may." Yes, the effort was a
grand one, and to the entire satis
faction of all who love truth and jus
tice. Hut to those who hate the
Populists worse than the "old man"
that is talked about, it was a thorn
in the flesh.
.Now, in conclusion. 1 want to say
this: VV e intend to stand by all such
candid, honest men as Henry, just
so long as they stand by ns and our
W. B. Gibson.
Chairman P. P. Ex. Com.. Iredell
NOW, HOW DO THEY FEEL?
THE BASE AND BASELESS CHARGES
OF SOME "PIE HUNTERS" GIVEN
A HARD BLOW.
Where Would Theae "Pie Hunters" Oo?-
And Why Are They Going? They Would
Part With Their Birthright For a Meaa
of Pottage-"God Save the State" U They
For The Caucasian. 1
Highlands, Onslow Co.. N. C.
May 23, '96. I notice there is a
great deal being said relative to fu
sion with the Republicans in 1896.
and about the action of the Peoples
rwrty executive committee a great
many endorsing, while some few are
disposed to criticise their stand.
Among the most bitter criticisms I
have noticed, appeared in the Onslow
Blade, purporting to have come
rom the executive committee of
Vance county, in which they se
verely arraign Senator Butler for
trying to lead the Populists back
into the Democratic party. Now I
think this is unfair and unjust to our
Senator, who is entitled to more con
sideration and respect than has been
accorded to him in this card. I
think politicians, and espeoiallv
opulists, ought to be fair and hon
est in discussing any Question be-
bre the public, and not try to blind
the people to the real faots in the
case. By what judgment ye judge
others you shall be judged.
Now, if their accusation against
Senator Butler is true, where are
thev trying to lead the Populists?
kcho answers where! Into the Re
publican ranks? It looks that way
to a man "up a tree."
The great bulk of evidence thev
have piled up against Senator But-
eris: "Why," they say, "the Dem
ocratic press, as well as prominent
Democrats, over the State are
already extolling his greatness as a
statesman " Great Scott ! Ain't that
serious charge? I would hate to
be charged with a crimo and bo ever
so innocent, and have yon, gentle
men of Vance, sit on a iurv to trv
me. I believe you would return a
veidict of guilty on the presumption
that I was indicted. God save the
State if such narrow-minded men as
these are to be intrusted rrith the
destinies of the people.
I greatly deprecate the condition
of affairs at this iuncture a time
when every true patriot and Popu-
lst ougnt to be standing shoulder to
shoulder, and in harmony with each
other. But such is not the case.
There are contending factions war
ring against each other some ready
i. A. . 1 i 1 1 , 1 1 .
pari wuu meir Dirtnrignt tor a
mess of pottage like some laymen
ana nireiing ministers, who are will
ing to compromise their religion and
if need be co-operate with sin itself
in order to secure a little more of
that British gold.
1 undertake to denv that Senator
Butler has ever, by word or act, or
insinuation, attempted to lead the
Populists anywhere save upon a
solid foundation of principle. He
has ever stood like the sturdy sea
man upon the storm-tossed boat,
steering, as it were, the ship be
tween the rocky cliffs on the one
side and the sandy shoals on the
other. Guide her on, noble captain
till she is safe beyond the storm.
Jas. B. Fbanck.
Col. William Johnston Dead.
Col. William Johnston, one
Charlotte's oldest residents and most
prominent citizens, died at his resi-
J . 1 A. i . a . m m
uenee in mai city at O O'clock on
on the afternoon of May 20th. He
nad been in failing health several
months. The members of his imme
diate family were at his bedside
when he died. He was in his seventy-
ninm year. Jtie leaves four chil
dren; Mrs. A. B. Andrews, of Ral
eigh; Mrs. T. R. Robertson, of Char
lotte; Mr. Frank Johnston, of Char-
lotie, and w. it. Johnston, of Rich
Genuine Postal Telegraph BUI.
San Frncisco Star.
Senator Butler, of North Carolina
has introduced the Sumner Postal
Telegraph Bill in the United States
Senate. It is now concadad hv ail
the prominent suDDorters nt "Pofai
mi . - .hi
xeiegrapn legislation bv nnnvrsun
that the Sumner Bill is the one that
is at once most complete and eoneise,
ana Dest calculated to brine hont
a quick and thorough construction
of lines touching all the nostnffioAii
of the land, providing for a uniform
ten-cent charge for ten-word mes
sages between all points. On the
uth oi this month Senator Butler
maae an eloquent and ff
speecn in favor of the measure. It
is recorded that Senator Butler's
speech has greatly disturbed the
managers of the twin monopolies:
wuu uuai meir loooymen are now
talking liberally at Washington
i A. .
auuui uie ecunooiy or a rental sys-
aV. Ti " . a m .
tern, w is a question ot grave doubt
1 4.1 .
wuoiuer a rental BjBiem, such as
Wanamaker proposed, would not
leave the press and the people in
worse conoiuoa oi espionage and
slavery than now, so -far as tele
graphing is concerned.
No Monopoly Cable) Contract.
auiTOK dtak: iriease not and
draw Senator Butlir's attention
to the efforts of the twin-teletrrarh
monopolies to get a big subsidy for
thcik teiegrapn came hence to the
Bandwich islands. That contract
legislation should be most carefully
i l a . . . . .
i io u suDtidtzed ror eabl con
aiiucuua irom vauiornia or Any
part of oca Pacific Coast to the Is
lands, it should be under a cast iron
agreement to the effeet that the eot
shall be itemized as the work goes
on, and that at any time tne Gov
ernment shall have the right to ob
tain full and complete ownership on
paying the outlay if any by the
But better the Government
should construct and lay and own
ana operate the cable hence to
Honolulu. On this bill the great
opportunity in the Senate and House
to talk over the whole matter of
genuine Postal Telegraph, should
be improved to the uttermost.
Yours very truly,
ANOTHER GREAT SCHEME
WHICH GOES TO SHOW HOW LITTLE
SOUL SOME BIG CORPORA
The Poatinaater-General Chargaa a Kail-
road Company With "Stomas" the
Malle-8o That Illg Pay May lie Gotten
For Little Work.
Washington, May 19. Postmas-
ter-Oeneral Wilson to-day author
ized the publication of the following
statement in regard to an alleged
attempt to overcharge the govern
ment for the conveyance of mails
through the Southern States:
Every four years the mail trans
ported over the various railwavs in
the United States is weiched for a.
period of thirty days, for one-fourth
of the country each year. Upon
the average weight obtained during
the thirty days the commission of
the railroad is adjusted, and re
mains in force for four years. The
last weighing was conducted during
the month of March, 189G. One rail
road company, the Seaboard Air
Line, whose main line extends from
Portsmouth, Va., to Atlanta. Ga..
attempted to take advantage of this
opportunity to swell the weighing of
mails carried over their system, dur
ing the weighing of the mails, by
very large shipments of public docu
ments. About three hundred sacks
of documents franked bv a Unitud
States Senator and a member of
Congress were sent to the various
station agents of this company in
Virginia, North Carolina, South
Carolina and Georgia. The sacks
weighed from 100 to 125 pounds
each. Two, three, four or even five
sacks were sent to one agent. Some
agents were furnished by railroad
officials with lists of addresses in
North Carolina and Virginia. The
division superintendent road mas
ters gave oral instructions to the
agents as to the pasting of tablets
or writing addresses on the books
which were not previously address
ed; but the tags of the sacks were
addressed "all for (namely, a
railroad agent at that point). The
books were then remailed and again
transported over the routes of this
company to be again weighed. A
few agents not understanding their
instructions, gave out the books for
public distribution oefore the frank
ed tablets were received.
Fifteen sacks were delivered at
Portsmouth, Va., addressed in bulk
to the General Superintendent. That
night the books were re-addressed in
the railroad building by his secre
tary and a division superintendent
and remailed in the morning to va
rious persons along the route. A
newspaper at Ellenboro, N. C, learn
ing of the transaction, published a
short article headed "A Mistake,"
stating in substance, that a United
States senator in mailine documents
to his constituents had by mistake
1 v . a
addressed them to station agents
along the Seaboard Air Line Rail
way. A division superintendent,
earning of the article, proceeded to
the town and induced the editor to
cut the item out of every copy of his
paper on the ground that it would
hurt the road.
"The pasting" of the mails by this
company was investigated by the
Postoffice department and to pre
vent this practice the department
ordered the weighing to be con tin
ued for thirty days, duriner Aoril.
The railroad company then resorted
to a new scheme, bv contracting
witn publishers of newspapers for a
large number of papers to be sent
on their line to an address furnish
ed by the company. At Portsmouth.
va., the general superintendent ar
ranged with a Portsmouth paper to
send o,ouu eopies daily for ten da vs.
and after that 2,400 copies daily, in
bundles of twenty-five to each ad
dress to parties in South Carolina
and Georgia on the Seaboard Air
Line Railroad. At Raleigh, N. C,
an official of the railroad arranged
to have 6,000 copies the first week
and 8,000 copies a week after
wards of a weekly paper, sent
in bundles of forty-five over the Sea
board Air Lane Kailroad to stations
in Georgia, South Carolina and a few
in North Carolina.
At Atlanta, Ga.. the private secre
tary of the division superintendent
arranged with an Atlanta paper for
2,000 copies to be sent over the Sea
board Air Line to Norfolk and Ports
mouth, Va., one thousand copies
addressed as to regular subscribers
and the other thousand as sample
Arrangements were also made
with another Atlanta paper to send
o.ouu copies of the Sunday issue,
weighing over half a pound each, to
addresses in .Norfolk and Ports
mouth, Va. Norfolk and Ports
mouth city directories were furnish
ed to the newspapers from which to
print tablets for mailing papers to
parties in those cities. Several of
those parties thus addressed had
moved from those cities, or had
died. Had this weiehinir been ae
cepted by the department, the Sea
board Air Line Railroad would have
received for the next four years a
much larger compensation than it
was entitled to. Some of the news
paper publishers were indignant
wnen tney round that they had been
made parties to such a scheme, and
the publisher of the naner .t Ral
eigh, N. C, refused to send out the
fourth shipment of his paper.
ioori nwr. u a ptivate company
UAJ. GUTHRIFS BOMBSHELL
GREAT NORTHERN PAPER TELLS
HOW IT WCULO MAKE NORTH
CAROLINA A GRtAT STATE.
Tho Kaealu mt tho rrwpweltl.a WeM
Trosaowwena Tho 1 4 aw la mm twaplrwllww
It U a Plan y Which the Ureal Pewpaa
CnaJKwrkont tho Goiaaatra.
The Philadelphia Item, one of tho
ablest and most widdv circulated
paperi of the North, approves Maj
Guthrie's suggestion forjhe States
to exercise their constitutional rights
in making gold and silver ruin legal
tender money. It goea into inter
est in g details in the following edi
Major W. A. Guthrie, in the Ra
leigh (N. C.) Caccasiax of the Uth
instant, opens up a bonanza to States
in favor of the silver standard, that
may, if carried out on the lines he
suggests, cause a tremendous uproar
th roughout the entire eountry.
The point being, the Constitution
provides and permits States to make
6ILVXR COIN A FULL LEtfaL TIXMR,
but not to mint it.
The permission means in effect,
that any State in this country can,
if it so elects, make Mexican silver
dollars a full legal tender within the
imitsofthe State. Also make the
Japanese silver yen a like legal ten
der, or any of the South American
coins that correspond to the Mexican
dollar or our own standard dollar.
In 1841 President Tyler, to furnish
the people with money in opposition
to the threats by banks of contract
ing this country's money because he
refused to allow the banks Federal
privileges, made foreign silver
coins as above described, a legal
tender in this country.
While this legal tender caused for
eign silver to be a common currency
in this country for years afterwards,
and GREATLY TO OUR PROSPERITT,
the privilege was finally repealed.
But this repeal of Congress does
not affect the rights of the States
under the Constitution to enact State
aws again making all those foreign
coins a full legal tender.
The effect in practice of to doing
WOUld be TREMENDOUS !
So far reaching and enormous
would bo these effe;;, that it be
comes impossible to foresee their en-
One of the very least consequences
would be such a tremendous pros
perity for the State so acting, a
rise in prices and wages, and conse
quent depression of industries in
neighboring States who refused so
to act, that the lines of demarkation
or separation between the two would
be far greater and far graver than
In fact, such an act on the part of
single State would undoubtedly
solve the silver question for the Uni
ted States in short order; for it
would literally force all other
States in this countrv. in sheer
self-defense, to do likewise; or,
what would come to the same thing,
cause them all to force the immedi
ate passage of a free silver law.
Major Guthrie has had an inspira
tion, one far greater than anything
in his article would lead the reader
to suppose, so immense are its possi
ble effects. Yet he writes with the
a 1 a
care, propriety and calmness of a
superior judge of the court, one who
in summing up the case in a three
column article presents all the evi
dence in plain and clear language
tnat is unmistakable and UNAN
. 1 . a
The item here goes way beyond
Mr. Guthrie in explaining the con
sequences of his remarkably able
The first effect would be, to cause
brokers to run over to Mexico, there
exchange gold dollars or our paper
money for Mexican silver dollars, in
so far as such exchange of about
two Mexican dollars to one of ours
would be possible, return to, the
State, say, North Carolina, (that
State, say, having made the Mexi
can dollar a full legal tender,) buy
with it say, 1,000 pounds of cotton
at say 5 cents a pound Mexican
money, take the cotton out of the
State, and sell it in the next State
at 5 cents a pound in greenbacks
thereby doubling their capital on
the round transaction.
After having bought all the cotton
for sale, the broker would buy every
thing else in tne shape of merchan
dise in the state in the same way,
and sell in the adjoining States.
This would put & large number o
Mexican dollars into North Carolina
at short notice, but as they would
ALL BE LEGAL TENDER, they Would
pass in the State on precisely the
same terms as the present green
Those holding this money would
at once invest it, develop their own
manufactures, and incite a greater
brokerage business as above de
scribed, and in the course of time
North Carolina would be doing
vaster and more profitable business
than possibly aay ten othr States
combined in this whole eountry.
And if the thing continued indefi
nitely, North Carolina, would do
more business than about at.t. the
REST OF THIS COUNTRY PUT TOGXTH
R, for many capitalists would flock
there Jo put his capital where stiles
wtt Bad qnxa!y 94r tS
timalatof m h end rod rrU Uu
sow list is Mriiro. and ft r-rav
cialy th Anae rvsaon.
Now the othrr side: YJrs! laae
o in North Carwliaa woaU have
to b raid is IVJrral monry, aJ
the Mrsiraa ailwr dollar wo aid
haTo to b mciifictd tea f-r on to
grt it. Bat. as the IraJa of tLe
State wou!J l vry Urge, at J ewrt-
body easily find enploynifnt at good
wag, this aarnfir wuall sot l-e
found any great hardship.
Additionally, all the good Uncht
by North Carolina from, tho otbr
States woulJ have to I paid for un
der the asme sacrifice of two dollars
for one. But the effect of thi would
at one be, to nnicklv develop the
internal manufacturing resources of
the State, for such extra coat would
be a wall or protective lctt la be
half of the local isdostiy inid the
State of a ftll hundred i er cist.
At once in every part of the State
actories of every description wosld
be erected, and an enormous demand
for labor arise. The effect of this
would be to at an early day make
the State entirely self supporting, so
far as trade with adjacent States is
As a resnlt, no money would have
to go out of the State except for
ederal taxes and travelers.
To return to the first side of the
question: North Carolina would be
the State among all others in this
country with which silver basis na
tions could trade AT PAR. Mexico
would buy its cotton of North Caro-
na, and send more of its silver to
pay for that cotton.
Mexico and every South and Cen
tral Ameriean country would buy
the manufactures and produce of
North Carolina, and send more silver
into that State to pay for them, thus
stimulating North Carolina into be
ing the greatest manufacturing State
in the United States because of this
bounty of one hundred per rent.
China, Japan and India, would do
the same, and North Carolina would
in time become the greatest mart of
commerce in the United Stat , and
soon in position to open terms for
the actual purchase of somo first-
It wonld at one In-come the en-
repot of the shipping of practically
ALL TRADE between the United
States and silver-basis countries.
Freight trains would pass into it un
der custom sealed cars, and it would
assume the importance of a free port
in the midst of custom-duly ports.
Right here and now, silverites of
this country hold the whip handle
over the goldites. AH they have to
do is to get a State or several States
to at once make foreign silver coins
a full legal tender in their confines.
That once done, the 100 per cent.
bounty (less rise in prices and wages)
enjoyed by that State, will so revo-
ntionize the whole trade of this
country, that the goldites will be
completely knocked out on the first
A VOICE FROM COLORADO.
Tha People of That Stwta Are Tired of Old
For The Caucasian.
Leadville, Colo.. May 18. I
write to commend the action taken
by the Populists of North Carolina
on the question of fusion in and out
of your State.
The great body of Colorado voters
are heartily sick of any intended ac
tion looking to fusion with either of
the old parties.
In hj we made the fight on the
Omaha platform and won, but in '94
the platform was trimmed dewn to
suit a few well-meaning, but nnin
formed voters, and the people cf the
state repudiated our work, and elec
ted the entire Republican ticket,
We want no more of this catering to
a vote that does not materialize. The
real followers of Jefferson and Lin
coin are as radical as we are if not
more so; and they are not going to
leave their own parties to support ns
unless we offer something more sub
stantial than a mere bid for office.
Tho sentiment here is almost unan
imonsly in favor of a close adher
ence te party principles; but as the
average voter has not the money to
pay traveling expenses to conven
tions, it is possible that the men who
do go will not hug as closely to the
line as would be wished. For this
reason it is vitally necessary that
those who do go to OU LfOuis. shall
stand true to the fundamental doc
trines of the party. No compromise
at the expense or principle, or we
E. T. Tucker, SecYy,
Lake Co., Committee.
Darhaan'a Pahlle BaUdlaa;.
Durham Correspondent of Kews and Obaer
Telegrams from Senator Marion Bat
ler and Major Wm. A. Guthrie bring
the glad tidings that the bili making
mis aiiiui lamia is u ui a&.).iAi iur m DUO-
as. a ? a w ? . a a 5 .
lie ouiiuing in lsurnam nas psssea tne
United States Senate. This bill passed
if a final rparf i n tr nn WmIiimiIiw mnA
therefore, goes to the House of Kepre-'
sentatives. What iu fate will be there
For a number of years it has been
Citent to the most casual observer that
urbani was entitled to a -handsome
recognition in the way of a public
It was entitled to this by reason of
the large business done through the
postoffice, but especially on account of
the immense revenue paid to the rov
eminent annually. The argument in
favor of tucjb an appropriation was
overwhelming, and the wonder has
been that no action could be secured
Senator Butler deserves the thanks
of Durham people for his prompt no
tion in this matter. It shows tnat be
is looking after the interests of the
people of a orth Carolina.
AH! HERE IS
.. THE KEY IIOTBH
Plsia Cntibit tad Bitt- Talk
From Suu CcsisittM&an
A C0DRSE OF PROCEDURE.
(lalltaew Wj htaw UI IV. wl,
! " rwra t mrlf t hwf Will
! wS taha IVaitmis Ska -.
esauia. aaa taaMMa , M
C4.iaawaaawl.Maa .. If fhaf
WiMTAkKk. X. C. May 1G.-T-
tint action of the Mat iVpahat
tireutiv-eenniittew I UlieveU
dotard by fosr-fiftba f the Pro
pla patty ia the htate.
I hare yet to lb frat teas to
this eotiro aeetioa who diaspprov
its work. Still there aeeaiato La .
fo" Populiita in Jiffera-bt tarte of th
State who are inclined to tsiak that
the committee, ia leseisg froa the
KepublieaMs, leaned too far to the
Democrats, and a few Demoerataarw
laboring under th same delusion.
If I underitsnd the fituation. onr
people are willing to eo-opct ate with
AKYHOl'T OM raiXCtrLB-With r.
BODY if co- illation lavolvea a
promise of prmeirle. Adkervarva to
this maxim makes ne more droautiJ
by the money power to-dav than
either of tbe old parties.
Mr. J. l. Loseh ia a rveent latter
to the News and Observer aava tha
silver fotvea must be unified, and he
wants this done by all the silver el.
meats walking into the Deaoeratie
party. II ys: -If DeaocrMV
allows Mr. IlutUr sod his flftr
thousand votes it wi'l not be rom a
I hope Mr. Joe Daniels aud Us cor
respondent. Mr. Leech, will a..
don that idea of l'onulist and silver
Republicans being swallowed no bv
the Democrats. Sueh a delusion ia
a serious injury to the cans of i.
ver. There is not a Populist from
ocean to oeean who is cot asilverite.
he Democratic rartv is divided into
halves on the question, the silver
half being only half in earnest, be
cause it don't seem to want it. if it
doesn't come th rostra the Demo
The Peoples Party stands reaJr
to-day to put as many or more vote
in the 'kx for river than either of the
old parties. It is said tbere are
about nine million of Democratic and
tepublican votets iu this countrv.
About five million of Populists and
Independents with Populiat leaniar.
r. oove reign ana ir. uui are leav
ing no stone unturned to show their
organizations in tbe cities th nttr
utility of further strikes, and that
their remedy for relief is at the bal
ot box; their success alone this lin
with Populists will prove t he St. Louis
convention, July od( the biggest
convention of the three. To theae
combined forces the country is in
debted for silver being an issue in
this campaign. Upon these com
bined forces with independent silver
Democrats and silver KeDoblieana
will depend the salvation of the
The Peoples Party ia the onlv
party whose national convention has
dared to declare for silver at 1C to 1,
and it has had to fight both -4 he old
parties to keep it even a living issae
Now after all this work some Dem
ocrats are asking ns to floo baek
into the Democratic party. Look at
tbe record made by that party. lie ad
it silver Democrats. Read it silver
Republicans. Read it Populists.
"First the 4Jth Con rr ess with a
Democratic majority of 42 April 8,
18S0, killed sUver at 16 to 1. The 52nd
Congress with a Democratic major
ity of 143 killed it again the 2tth of
March 1892. The rame Con rr ess
July 13th overwhelmingly defeated
it after it had passed a KeDubliean
Senate. August 23rd. 1893. Cleve
land's extra session of Congress killed
tree silver by a two-thirds vote. This
Congress had a Democtatic major
ity over both the Republicans and
Populists of 93, but the ten PoDulists
voted for silver as they always do.
217 Democrats were on the floor of
the House when the vote was taken,
and 101 voted for the measure and
110 against it. So. if all the RsDab-
licans and Populists had been driven
from the hall, the bill would Havi
iiEEJT killed by a Democratic ma
jority of 15. On the same day. Au
gust 23rd, this Democratic Congress
voted down silver at 17 to t, at IS
to 1. 19 to 1 and at 20 to 1. All th
efforts for silver were killed bv its
professed friends as fast as the clerk
eonld call the roll. On November
1st. 1893, a Democratic nuioritr ml
93 snowed under another effort for
silver. Oetobet 27. 1893. it was re
peated again, and in February 18UV
the 53rd Congress with a Democratic
majority in both Houses. s Presi
dent of its own choosing, a financial
committee with that silver Democrat,
uan oornece chairman, a major
ity of the committee Democrats.
killed DEAD,. DEAD, DEAD the last
proposition for silver at 1G to 1,
making eleven silver bills killed in
eight or nine years; and the Demo
crats are asking ns to oo back to
that party in order to get free sil
ver! The Republicans first killed it; the
Democrats sod Republicans, if pos
sible, will keep it killed. For ear
life I can't see how Republican and
Democratic silverites will allow
themselves fooled again.
To be sure, there is no Populist
fool enough to walk into such a trap.
Tbe Democrats asked for power, and
when they got the power they killed
silver dead, eleven times dead; and
now when they are out of power
their leaders are prof see ia prom
ises of what they will do for silver
and expect ns to believe them.
"You may break, you nar shatter the vase
If you will.
But tbmterat ot the roses will hang arooad
The Democratic -and Republican
parties have simply disappointed
and deceived the people and ao
amount of candidate and platform
promises will restore eonfideaee.
Mr. Leash winds up his article im
(CbsUinned oa feetta j
The Caucasian (Clinton, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
May 28, 1896, edition 1
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