The Caucasian (Clinton, N.C.) /
Aug. 20, 1896, edition 1 /
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cIMofU Catraaiaa .&. 1
RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 20, 189G.
NO. t 1
GUTHRIE AMD DOCK
The Greatest Convention Yet The Representatives of theiople
Come Together in the Grandest Phalanx on Record.
INSPIRING SIGHT OF PATRIOTS BENT ON REFORM.
Miue Spire larl.lral la I ha l'rot.llu -A
Kinging flat ' Hollaring "
-aol hlM All Along- Ilia I I in riill
Kapnrt ut What laa lle- ! A
He at Named Hint What
f-aot.1 I'nrlr Maya.
STATIC TICK IT.
W. A. Gt'THRlE.
O. II. Doi'KEKV.
For Secretary of State:
W. II. WOKTH.
HAT. W. Ayek.
For Suit. of I'ublic Instruction:
Cjiah. A. Meuane.
For Attorney General:
(To bo named by State Committee.)
For Associate JuBtico of .Supreme
(Ono Associate to bo named by State
For Elector at Large:
Z. T. Oarrett.
(Ono Elector to bo named by State
I KOPI.tM l'A lit Y STATK I'LAII'OKH,
The Peoples Party platform of North
Carolina, in convention assembled at
Italeigh, on the 13th day of August,
Is'.M'., hereby reaffirms it unqualified al
legiance to the principleH of the party,
and hereby approves the platform or
the People Party adopted at its Na
tional convention held in the city of
St. Louis, July 2Jnd, ls'Ji;.
THE ELECTION I. AW.
We hereby reallirni our fixed de
termination to support and maintain
a free ballot an 4 a fair count in all
flections held in North Carolina; and
the election law passed by the Gen
eral Assembly of I s'.ii" meets our hearty
endorsement and approval; anil we
hereby pledge the Peoples Party to the
policy of upholding the principle of
free and honest elections provided for
in said election law, ami warn the
voters of the State against the threats
which have been made to repeal the
The act of the last General Assem
hlv restoring to the riirht of local
wif government by the election of
. t heir county commissioners and just
ices ot the peace by the vote of the peo
ple in the respective counties, and the
isfe-guards therein provided, meets
with our hearty approval, and we
pledjre the Peoples Party to the con
tinued support and maintenance of
that legislation, and warn the voters
of the necessity of preventing injuri
ous changes in that act, and of the
danger of electing members of the
Jeneral Assembly hostile thereto.
LKOAI. TKNDKK MONKY.
VVe favor the exercise by the State
of North Carolina of the reserved con
stitutional power to make all gold and
silver coins of the United States (in
cluding the trade dollar) a legal ten
der for the payment of debts, and that
this right be inforced by the passage
of an appropriate act by the General
HOLD NOTES AND MORTGAGES.
We believe that all money demands
should be payable in the lawful money
of the United States without preference
or discrimination, and therefore favor
the passage by the General Assembly of
a law to prohibit the taking or giving
of gold notes, bonus and mortgages in
this State, and t he making of all mon
ey demands solvable in any kind of
(lawf ul money of the United States.
We pledge ourselves to maintain the
ix per cent, interest law enacted by
.the last General Assembly.
The action of the Peoples Tarty
members of the last General Assembly
has demonstrated, beyond question,
that toe Peoples Party has been true
to its antecedent platform declarations
in favor of public education. H e de
mand still further improving and
broadening the public, school system
or the state as rapidly as a proper re
gard for the interests of the tax payers
and the resources of the State will
permit. We also favor such revision
of our Ipresent school system as may
increase the efficiency of our public
cnoois and insure the most compe
tent and effective supervision. We
think that the committee on Kduca
tion of the next General Assembly
should invite and secure, as far as
possible, the co-operation of the lead
njr teachers and educators of the Stat
in framing and perfecting the school
Our judiciary should be lifted above
Che plane of partisan pontics.
KKVOMATORY VOR TOl'NO CRIAIINAJJI
We favor the establishment of
State Institution for the reformatio
of young criminals.
of extortion ami discrimination with
such vigor nod continuity that should
they fail to secure remedial action by
the I nter-Stat" Commerce. Commis
sion, all the people would know where
to place the responsibility for exist
ing outrages; and if their facjlitiu
for fighting the battles of the people
be'ore the Inter-State Coin merer Com
mitaion are inadequate for that pur
pose, that they make recommendation
to the General Assembly of amend
ments to existing laws, to the end
that low ami fairer rates may be estab
lished, both in the State and Inter
iU.iohrl, J hat we recommend a con
stitutional prohibition of the pur
chase, lease or rental of parallel or
competing railway lineB.
We favor a law forbidding the giv
ing of free passes to public officials,
and forbidding their receiving the
ri I li jt of the ball. Coat bal
Ihi j ulied. a tnouand fan were in
motion, "ice water" boys passed
continuously up and down the balls
and galleries and everything possi
n done to
distract the atti-n-
froni the heat so
ed in order to convene the conven
tion permanently, and asked Rev- H.
W. Norris to pray.
Rev. Mr. Xorria came to the plat
form and made an eloquent and ear
nest invocation asking that an all-
wis Providence might divet every-
j pair of the r r ri. 1 1 e'atii! oirri no i.tw at 1 .- r-.! -ik ..,. r
of a lavili.rv, aoj tl. -nut-ti.i- .f h .-or !.-n.r 'u-n-Tar.
aljoea a ! t.- w(.li of Xorlh 'rilir't tar Htr ruur
Farmer .-'.at Al!ian-e. W hattr J:f. J - j-"i fc j f "?r j . u
feret e -f opinion maj l.iniitr.l'frri.c nr ri.rn. t--Wr t r t.i
rotPerfo among treM.rrn, I aai mrtu-ed ! tlii. i rnl.fil. Ur lnri.u Uvt'4
tson of TeU rates
that their entire attention might be body of prejudice, and that thi Jr Til Annual Meeting Held at Hillf-
glvl'U I" ca-JU-B. izie iaire gaiu- buuuiu diuok icibviuucicu u jiu
i ring of strong, honest and in some of great reformation wherein the
instances, firm and rugged faces, masses of the people should be freed,
showed that the convention was a There were several "Amens at this
bfflro, Anguat ll-12Fiftj one
NORTH CAROLINA HA I LKOA I LEASE.
We condemn the lease of the North
C'arolina Jiailroad to the Southern
Railway Company for ninety-nine
years, not only as a bad business
transaction in which the interests of
the State amounting to the large sum
of i:,(XH),000 invested in good paying
property yielding an income, were
sacrilioed; but we also, in most em
phatic terms condemn the hasty and
secret manner in which it was done
several years before the former thirty
years' lease, by its terras, would have
expired. We call the attention of the
people of the State to the fact that
some mysterious power lias prevented
an investigation through the
proper legal channels, of this transac
tion, which was so universally con
demned by t he press of the State and
all classes of our citizens, when it iirst
became known. We therefore demand
that the next (Jeneral Assembly fully
investigate this transirction, and to
the end that the interests of the State
may be fully protected as far as it can
be done, such legislative action shall
be taken as to counteract, as far as
possible, this unwise and secret trans
action. KRMOV A I. OK CASKS.
The removal of cases from the State
courts to the Federal courts for trial
wherein the plaint ills are poor per
sons and defendants rich foreign cor
poratioiis, on application of defend
ants, is a growing evil in North Caro
lina, and in its practical operation
frequently amounts to a denial of jus
tice to poor suitors, and therefore
should lie condemned. We demand,
therefore, that the nest General As
sembly shall pass such a general stat
ute on this subject as to take from
such corporations doing business in
this State the privilege of carrying on
business in North Carolina, and with
drawing the protection of the State
extended to their business, if they
persist in escaping the jurisdiction of
our courts wnen claims are 60ugnt to
be enforced against them therein.
We advocate such legislation as will
nsure a just listing and taxation of
all evidences of debt, and make an
quitable adjustment of the burden of
taxation between the debtor .and a
REDUCTION OK SALARIES.
In order to keep our public servants
n thorough touch and sympathy with
the oppressed masses, and to check to
some extent the scramble for otlice,
we demand a reduction of salaries un
til such time as through an increase
of the currency the price of property
and products will justify the present
magnificent representative of the
backbone the bone and sinew the
mainstay and suppcrt of human life
n.uil existance of civil government.
It was the only convention yot held
which was not almost entirely com
posed of professional pie hunters
and oflicial pap muckers.
Chairman Butler said: "I had the
honor ot c alling the first and second
J'opulit-t fcitate conventions to order,
and I feel proudt r of being a Popu
list now than ever before. I have
the honor to anuonnco the tempo
rary chairman, the Hon. L. C. Cald
well, msyr r of Statesville."
Mr. Caldwell came to the front
and was enthusiastically received.
He made a happy little address of
acceptance iu which he said that for
some time pa&t something bad been
working within him which began to
make him feel better. He had be
gun to waot to do right, and when
be had fully made ap his mind to
take the right course ho found he
was .a Populist. (Applause.) There
is no prescription for making a Pop
ulist except a w:su and determina
tion to do right. I look into the
facts of freemen to-day into the
faces of mtm who want to give this
State a chivalrous ticket The Pop
ulist party is the only PARTY that
wants to do right."
Mr Caldwell instantly spranginto
high favor with tL convention.
His houest, intellectual face and
happy personal and impressive pres
ence had the tffect or flinging him
into immediate touch with the dele
gates and he was what might be
termed one of the "favorites" of the
"boys" throughout the sessions of
Messrs. Doling, of Chatham, and
Penny, of Wake, were appointed
Districts were next called for the
formation of the following commit
tees composed of one member from
COM.VITTKK ON CRKDENTI AI.S.
lt District J. S. Mitchell, of llert
Second District A. I
Third District Zeb. T. Kruett, of
Fourth District J. M. Williams, of
Fifth District Dr. Win. Merritt, of compelled
COL. SKIXXER'K AItRES.
Col. Skinner as permanent chair
man addressed the convention and
wa.4 attentively listened to. In the
course of his remarks he said:
"In the beginning, we ask the
blessing of Providence. It is now
my duty to call the convention per
manently to order. 1 regard it as a
distinguished privilege to preside
ever such an assemblage of Ameri
can patriots, not less patriot than
the mn of 1776. You had the cour
age and enthusiasm at Omaha fonr
years ago to issue to the world our
second Declaration of Independence,
and to the human race its first decla
ration of freedom from the tyranni
cal mono metallic dollar. The peo
ple then organized in their own
cause to fight for their own property.
It was to my mind the brightest
hour that ever beamed in American
politics. It was the solemn appeal
of a suffering people for better con
ditions. It was the protest against
the then moving and now appalling
conditions. let there are some
rc-asons why we should recall and
remind the country of the present
political status we now live in; and I
think without controversy with
Democrats and Republic-aus, I can
say that if the farmers had not or
ganized we would not have this con
dition to-dav. If there -had never
been a Peoples party every white or
black man would have marched to
the polls and cast his vote for one of
the old parties committed to gold.
Our party, born in principle, had
been carried out in principle. Four
years ago I stood here and lefused
the nomination for Governor because
I did not want to turn over the State
to the rule of ignorance, and now
standing here on the same platform,
I saytthat by our action for princi
ple, never deviating to Democracy
or Republicanism, in four years we
have forced these two parties to tako
sides upon the great pivotal issue in
this country. We have forced the
Republican partv to align itself on
PRES. THOMPSON'S SPEECH
Maatarly add rasa and a.atbulallrall
Rll - Hr porta af Secretary aad
turar- Ttaa AUlaaca la a ProaiMrraa Co a-Hilda-
Kraalatloaa Paaad C'onderaalna;
Ib 99 Yaar Kail road Laaaa.
The North Carolina Farmer Alli
ance met at llillsboro, August loth.
President Thompson opened the Alli
ance at 2 o'clock p. in. An inte rt
ing session was also held at night.
The next morning after opetung,
seve1 new delegates reported, mak
ing &l counties represented. And ft
was a good looking delegation of rep
resentative men from every section of
The President delivered bis speech
this morning. It was given up by all
to be one of the grandest addresses
ever delivered before the Farmers'
Alliance. President Thompson re
ceived many flattering congratula
tions on his speech. It was ordered
published in all papers friendly to the
The officers then made their reports,
all of which being good, showing that
the Alliance is fapidly gaining in eili
ciency for good in every department
of its work.
Especially should the success of the
Business Agent's work be commended.
In their report, the Executive Com
mittee stated that the State Alliance
had made $5,000 in the last year.
The report pertaining to the prop
erty purchased and the repairs made
on buildings, the farm and manu
facturing enterprises begun and still
in progress, was satisfactory.
The remaining morning session was
devoted te the introduction of resolu
tions, which were all referred to the
proper committees; except a few
which were passed under the suspen
sion of the rules.
Among these was one thanking the
Executive Committee and the officers
for their excellent work done.
Also the following resolution intro
duced by John Graham was unani
mously passed :
"Whereas, Attorney-General Os
borne did in a letter dated February
'2:2, 1890, refuse the representative of a
special committee of Alliancemen,
acting upon tueir
ry 4Lar laJsatry. I oat; at
I ""! ' (fio.'IWll ra j
j I'f-vdi 11 -rx;.rf ff -t fca ar-
j . bawl. ILa aaa.tViarrr..- 1.
of lvtr.ri.1 lit. Tfcia t. 4ilr-a
i.attalx-tt t x h cittw W aafria
to bIive lf:t a ciore rligiM' l.--a? no 1 into ir j lir iinif j to air .r ut. , ' i.t. (arJd or Jrad 1 1 ana
tf.iO III hft.il t . . . ) I . ' -1 . ........ . . ft - ... ... . m . .
could hardly have tu l. t. ft.
the historic town of llili.' fo. cn,n..
ly located ard on -titrt ;lj t , !.
ever ur biiiu- may rt-uir... r ar.
in the niJ.; of frier. a nf ditrr utr
prosperity and pern.ann re. an 1 l.rre
we are not hke'y tosutt.r an urj'it
w l;t,M Late
own rpnnnfii In ! ir v
Swinson, of the gold side of this question. We as citizens, permission to bring suit to
have compelled the Democratic party the validity of the lease of the North
to quit straddling and adopt our Carolina railroad to the Southern
platform. The Peoples party has railway in accordance with the per
swallowed the Democracy. We have
them to nominate for
Sixth District-It. W.
Seventh District .1
Eighth District J.
Ninth District-W. D. Henry, of liun-
. F. Westinore
G. llamrick, of
mission granted linn by the Supreme
wourc 01 jvortn Carolina, to wit
'Leave to bring action in the name of
the State for the purpose of vacating
the charter of the North Carolina Kail
road or for such other relief as the
CO.MW1TTKK ON PLATFORM.
First District T. E. ilcCaskey,
Second District M.L.Wood, of Ber
Third District -Cyrus Thompson, of
Fourth District A. C. Green, of
Fifth District J. A. Walker.
Sixth District S. A. Edmunds.
Seventh District A. C. Shuford, of
Eighth District Frank McDowell,
Ninth District J. M. Candler, of
President a man who is more Popu
list to-day than any Populist in
North Carolina. We have built up
a great party in North Carolina upon court may see fit to grant in the prem-
the principle that the people wanted ises, and did threaten to dismiss the
rplifif rathftr than offices. We have action unless confined to the vacation
tarlit WmninffwiththA Alliarififi. of tne charter of the North Carolina
'"""-1 "r " ' I lf;irOMI '
v, vv.o - rr-j - "N ow, be it resolved by the Farmers'
sum w wuuiu u.o roiii. il w cou.u state Alliance in convention assem-
gei u mrouga iue xvepuoiicau or bled at llillsboro. N. C.
Liemocratic parties, u not, to stay "1. That we denounce this action of
in the middle of the road and de- the Attorney-General as unworthy of
mand relief in a separate organiza- the great oflice he holds.
tion in the name of justice. 2- lhat while we recognize the
"There is a great difference in the grea ueuems conierrea upon tne com
COMM1TTF.E ON PERMANENT ORGANIZA
First District Col. Harry
DEMOCRATIC A PM IN 1ST RAT ION CON
We condemn the Democratic admin
istration in North Carolina for its
failure to execute the anti-trust laws
of the State now on our statute books,
and can tne attention or tne people to
the fact that oflicial action in this re
gard is not in harmony with the ultra
anti-trust sentiment heretofore and
now being expressed by the leadera of
the Democratic party.
We favor the establishment of such
equitable and low freight rates and
charges for products shipped from
North Carolina as will enable shippers
and producers to realize at least a fair
remuneration after costs of such ship
ments have been deducted.
We call especial attention to the
possibilities of the trucking industry
in Eastern North Carolina, an indus
try which, but for the extortionate
tariffs of the common carrier, would
increase an hundred fold, carrying
with it the greatest prosperity to that
highly favored section it has ever
We earnestly recommend to our
State Kailroad Commission that they
use all the powers they have to bring
about such reductions; and especially
that they urge before the Inter-State
Commerce Commission all complaints
It was the greatest and best con
vention of all.
It was a gathering of representa
tives direct from the people, know
ing the people's wishes and bent on
complying with those wishes as far
Of course there were differences
of opinion. In this world of human
imperfection it is impossible to get
together a large assemblage, the in
dividuals ot which are all or one
mind. These differences caused
some friction in the convention be
cause every man felt and knew that
he had a right to express his opin
ion and that in doing so he would
not be listened to unless ho advoca
ted something inconsistent with the
purposes and declarations of the
Peoples Party. In that event he
was summarily sat down upon as
he ought to have been. There were
only two or three instances ot this
The delegates began pouring into
the city on Tuesday. They came by
every train from everywhere in the
State, and when the hour for calling
the convention to order arrived there
were more genuinely elected and ac
credited delegates present than have
Seco ul District
Fifth District T
Sixth District W.
Seventh District G
Eighth District S.
Ninth District A. D
W. E. Fountain, of
W. II. Smith, of
J. M. Kelly, of
B. Lindsey. of
II. Odom, of An-
. Ed. Kestler, of
M. Asbury, of
K. Wallace, of
First District John Brady, of Gates.
Second District J. T. B. Hoover, of
Third District W. K. Pigford, of
Fourth District D. T. Massev. of
Fifth District Dr. Win Merritt. of
Sixth District W. li. Uenry. of
Seventh District L. C. Caldwell, of
Eighth District J. W. Soears. of
Ninth District Geo. E. Boa-S's. of
it i LJCJ "
The convention then, on motion of
Senator Butler adjourned, so that
the committees might be able to
Temporary Chairman Caldwell
called tne convention to order at 3
The committet on credentials made
the following report through Mr.
Hendnck, which was adopted
We, the committee,
promise of the Democratic party for
free silver and free silver itself. We
must demand some collateral securi
ties. (Cheers.) We have demanded
a very small collateral security. I
am surprised that the Democrats of
North Carolina didn't come and say,
'We'll take Tom Watson.' I want to
say here that there are some things
that are making to divide the silver
"The politician who devises any
scheme to split the electoral vote in
North Carolina and turn it over to
McKinley is an enemy to the cause.
I want to say to the Populist and
Democratic committees that if they
let the State go for McKinley they
should both be w-tped out.
"Some one has asked me whether
we were going to take down Tom
Watson or Sewall. We are not go
ing to take down either. Where
ever it is necessary to run Bryan
and Sewall, or a joint ticket, or Bry
an and Watson it will be done. But
the effect will be to elect Mr. Bryan
President. If our cause means any
thing it means that.
"But when we come to North Car
olina, and consider local conditions
it is different. We must not deviate
from the principle of free silver, six
teen to one, from our promises of a
free ballot and a fair count, and .1
care not what co-operation jis neces
sary to attain these, I say let it
come. If we must co-operate with
the Democrats to secure silver, let
us do that. If we must co-operate
with the Republicans to secure lo
cal self-government, let us co-oper-ate.
"But whatever we do we must
recognize that the white man must
yet for a while rule in North Caro
lina. The time has not come for the
negro to rule and govern the white
people of the State. He is not yet
monwealth by railways, as servants of
tne people, we dread the consolidation
of our high commercial highways in
tne nanas or any one corporation as
subversive of the liberties and rights
01 tne people.
"3. That to prevent this overwhelm
ing calamity to Aortn Carolina we
urge all citizens of our beloved State
to unite regardless of parties in de
manding the amendment of the lease
of the North Carolina Railroad to the
Southern Railway Company
"4. That we favor a constitutional
prohibition of the purchase, lease, or
rental of competing or parallel lines
of railways, and that the North Caro
lina Railroad, the Southern Railway,
tne seaboard Air Jine be denned as
"5. That we pledge ourselves as Alii
ancemen and urge all citizens, regard
less of party ties to refuse to vote for
any candidate for Governor, Attorney
General or member of the legislature
who will not pledge himself to use his
best endeavors to secure the enact
ment of the sentiment of these reso
lutions into law."
At 11 o'clock a request from the town
for a public speaker to address the
large crowd attendingcourt during in
termission, was received from the citi
zens of the town. The President was
invited but the business was such he
could not go. Rev. J. T. 15. Hoover
was sent in his place, and gave them
a good speech.
At the night session the present of
fjcers were unanimously re-elected to
serve for the ensuing year
President Dr. Cyrus Thompson,
Vice-President-Jno. Graham, Ridge'
Secretary-Treasurer W. S. Barnes,
Lecturer J. T. B. Hoover, Elm City
Steward Dr. V. N. Seawell. Villa-
avoided rls here.
The credit for the fo; jiiil.'vet.t
of what is before jou l due U Joor
Executive Cotutu Iter- aii-l rei.lei t
officers. When y on Lave L-ar J l lie r
detailed re;ortf of projcrc.. an.I p ar a
you ar expected to pa- jour j
ment upon their labor and to direct
their future operation. The ifto-ioVtl-ities
of this enfe, jr"e a it ma; 1.-..
tended and developed are ttoirr.a,
bo'h I lie lipbiliidil: of the Ai.ii.e
aud as a (actor in I tie iuduitrii
vwloprneut of the !ate, not lot is.....
very earnest and mature cuiiidt rat ion
at jour bands. For if we u- in
thi small be gi tin In,', a- ue ball If -e
are o deteri.iiried.il.i- Venture will
mark a new era iu the life of our or
ganiatioii, and illustrate the poib.l
ities of co-oprative industrial enterprise.
e are now upon t he eve of a politi
cal campaign which promi-e lu Lea
very remarkable one in our country V
history. The importance of the isue.
the uncertainty of the event, the grat
ification which every Allianceinan
feels that the lines of battle are drawn
at length upon his fundamental con
tention of tiiiancial reform unite to
surround the campaign vt ith unusual
activity and interest, while perhaps
little, therefore, could bv done in the
way of reviving and reorganising the
Order until after the election, i.hi lit
tle, i fear, could be done even then
with our present disregard of the
value of the lecture system. Deeming
this a matter of the utmost impor
tance, 1 urge that you shall not close
this session until you have devised
some plan to keep the lecturer con
stantly in the held during the coming
lhe direction of tne Agricultural.
Experiment Sta'.ion has recently re
quested through the Progressive Far
mer that ea ti Sub-Alliance appoint
an agricultural committee to commu
nicate with him upon questions- of
farm interest. This was done :ifter
consultation with me. I lope lhe
membership will aail itself f the in
formation ko freely oilVred.
If wsnnay not thereby increase the
market price of our product, we may
learn to lessen the cost of production.
and a lessened cost is equivalent to an
increase of price in so far as it may
add to our profit.
Conditions just now confronting us
seem to be unusually favorable, for re
newed growth of the AJlianc. Lntil
four years ago this organization was
in line favor with a majority of our
agricultural people. This favor was
not withdrawn to be replaced by mis-
representution and persecution until
the existence and teachings of the Al
liance had begotten intense convic
tions to Hit hearts of a large and unim
peachable portion of its membership.
The unbiased study of economic con
ditions and problems gave rise to a
body of sii, :.ere men who, tnfoujrh Lit
ter experience, had lo-t all confidence
in the honesty and helpfulness of ex
isting party organizations. These
men were four jears in advance of a
vaster host that could be numbered to
day. We had presented our demands
to national conventions and legisla
tures of these existing parties, we had
urged upon them t tie justice of oi.r
claims to substantial recognition and
effective remedy, we had declared our
willingness to strengthen the party
that would caro for our interest6, and
we had received nothing better than
scant courtesy for tLe moment, with
ridicule and contemptuous disregard
II mate ana iochi convent I'ins neemeu
to acquiesce in our demands, it was
only to give us the place of a neglected
platform, while our shrewder enemies
were given too often the body and
soul of the candidate. The lack of
good faith on the part of party leaders
in whom we had confided became dis
gustingly evident to many, to whom
there seemed left no course consistent
with their convictions but to ally
themselves with a new party of pro
test, professing friendliness to their
interests and incorporating their de
mands into its party platform. Then
began at the hands of dominant par
tisans in North Carolina a campaign
of cruel and bitter misrepresentation
of the Alliance and of the motives that
actuated the majority of Alliancemen
of a later day.
Former Alliancemen, of too much
brain not to comprehend the injustice
and ialsity ot tneir own ntteranc-'s
and the rutble.s purpose of our eiie
mies, declared from platform and
through the press, that the organiza
tion had "left the princ-.ples aud gone
into politics." I pon the false plea of
defection from original principles.they
justified their own abandonment of
the Alliance and drew away with them
thousands of confidingnd sincere Al
liancemen. From the beginning, the
Alliance was not designed to be a mere
agricultural club, or an annex tj any
t eeling tne necessity oi popular po
lititical education, its originators set
it forth on this special mission. In
withdrawing our support, therefore
from a party we deemed untrue to. our
best interests, we went-into politics
tanre la rivits. inm;. I r 1 1
four JrM r, hu ar r hargej i h
irj into h..Ii1i ar n
ft lfojr with tte ruiu who I. tf
finarr-iat h.Io-j f ,r ration l.aa
wrot t.i. vr-l now tnvr( tl- iorrr
lift. Lo Were led aaj troRt ua. ill
it not be roiifee4 that, it houl our
protect ai d hot kirc f part) tie, oor
r-oMitiua-1 r..rt amonf IL jiaio.
ctiiinon j-.i, hoiu e hate laufht
tudj. to I I'll a, raad Ir Cwui.lie.
I opiMe frr. . , .ru4-r. I of eariy
'r.uinpb .( I e'pful ri-l!ra ,.f
rrmoetit ftott,U (m- laf Iraa efit vuri.
injf. rieinl. a'a 1 t-vrry .-iea
i.l rJui jiii.m, p tair largely faLion
e1 .i. :', t. outfit ai.d ape. on
Pioneer- in the tielj of pular politi
cal c ducat lull for truth'a ukr, We cita
to the- fui-lrj a imrr inlell'rent, in-
dep. tldeltr. u,d patriot ie i lllfet.aMp
Irian il ever t-efore knew. 1 tie prm
cii'iea liu ! Lav- ludieU. ttir
prol ien. e aritale.t for a dM Idr, are
ji:t low beinjj laaet, .,riiil to
neart ! the commercial i laa to
wto. iu e li.nl no , i rv I lie paiii4(.
let In win. h We gate riae, I he prrS
which we originated and rnamtair.rd.
are jut t.-w pending a rctaemenl ut
our ital t onteiitiona in a preaa thai
finds new audience. Uurciiy jwpula
lions, who thought themeUe the
belter informed, are now in the trra
of condition we have atriveii to avert,
eagerly poring over juetion It at
hive torjewr engrossed the thought
of lhe humble toiler at hia country
fireside, and the toll sequence to them,
as it wa to u.i that parly ailllia
tions, life-long or ancestral. "wherein
has bevn rung to theiu many a damn
ing political lullaby, are breaair g
away with a new eiiie of danger, a
better concption of human relation,
a clearer view of the essentia! unity of
Wlieii some future historian shall
recount whclhtr iu a more prosper
ous or calamitous lime, the force that
strive for a peaceable and equitable
adjustment, in behall of our c-oimuon
humanity, of all the evil condition of
this agitated time, if lie is unpreju
diced enough to he juM, he will write
down this organisation as a fore
most factor. The sectionalism and
bitter hatred, upon which a an tvil
heritage from the war, parties throve
and plundered, have been swept away
utider l lie liiimai.e of this organiza
tion to every section of Iho t.'moii. A
new sons of brotherhood arose every
where iu the magnetic pathway of I..
1.. Polk, whose memory is sacred at
the divinest preacher of this decade.
Uut for the labors of this organiza
tion, the tarill would still he mounded
as the battle cry of equally plundt red
nut contending men, and lhe cruel and
blasphemous assertion of overproduc
tion would still satisfy a multitude
not apparently fool, in their l.eli.lc-
contemplation of individual and Na
But the reputed a.iuses no longer
satisfy Min-e our school matter la
abroad in the land. We jre making
progress. No.ampaivrn can now be
loiight on Mctionnl lines,
No party will lind a population o
ignorant as lo believe the tan 11 lb
main issue in politics. lhe money
question iu which are involved all the
essential factors efi eel iiig human prog
ress or decay, comes in this Presi
dential year as the ridire pole of all
political controversy. Km a little
while ago two great parties denied
our contention and spurned our ur
gent appeal for monetary reform. To
day only one great party, which counts
for tt.e most part as the unearned
wealth and luxurious idleness of the
nation ignores our leacbine aud la
bor's appeal, while three great parties
are striving to co-oierale for the suc-
o nalifi fid fnr that irrAat. vnrt if Durham.
h nhnnld nndortuVA ;t i.i I Sergeant at-Arms
Z T Vm. " I Rutherfordton
even uuuauger iiis own uoeriies. '
COMMITTEE ON PLATFORM.
The report of the committee on
platform was called for and read.
Chaplain Rev. P. II. Massey, Dur-
Door-keener Geo. T.Lane. Greens- onl? BO far.a9. oar, ?ri?"a r1"""'!1
Koro contemplated ana jusiiue
Assistant Door-keeper Jas. E. Lyon,
oo.M , . irn.ri.j tru a
ItiKtiaii f ttft al 4 t. rvJ t.
ft-1 rd IfeetiiatJj V) . raiUr
ai.4 UktrHfU; lr tr p rtu.
It was a -eiij J. t-t r. b
aluqtM-nt tfMtTi wliervd I j Mr. t'ryaa
at bl.afo: -linf A,mm cr r.ia
at 4 sea. sH.rfarava.aa4 y oar cilia
willirow up acain. Ut Jery m.r
fara at4 tb- era anil ( laun
ril in 1 1 e I nmi."
i'4 il i a aa4 fan. m a !.
lietiilj trua. Hat with an Ifaixner .
isl.ed. la-noranl. decraJed aaJ tiuni.
!' rural tialat u.r.. iu a a tt i n.-
grraai 1rt4en t. tirrwil raa.
ditlvtia and foll.-ira W plw.. laser
Is n lie M.msJ fur the rltt a !
.ralK.n. acd o isJr)Jrsl aale
of - trnjt letimrri. ila ruuhl,.'.
priJe. aruttod U.. h tu gat lr i a.H.
poit.le Ql4 trurc!e t. a rwall'f
lredo.u. Ill ta.strtt lu tlal
oipff iu.ir.. w ) el trai
i ne nrit.er n. 1 1 . rr rta at itir lr
taiue in ll M.rr., ..f auui
May We tt Il-i. Hat the laUi.n.v
the humane, lie hrisiiau. .f Uai .
ever p..litiral i art), or Leij UI callir g.
wnriiier in loan er roubirj. will be
fiti lo reeocme lhe alu of uar
work and the i.red .f jlr Iwriiftai.eD.'e.
and. ntftii all onpoaiiion. bi4 ua
;od-(-ee4 u I be lurtber e (Tort a la d.
ucat and tl.- L tuilmr farmet?
urel) it ia not au unreaoi,able liop
at Una I nurture, an 4 the Allianc.
stui; enter upon tLe labor of anuttier
kci-oai or '(ikiuiii.uiio ut.
lhe year Jut liug ha Isrvn a
UloM imiH.rlaut one l.ilLe Al'ian. e
bile our report do not sl ow au in
crease iu membership, jet U.r print i-
pieaoiina order l.a rotitirioed Ut
irrow tbroobout our Mate and Nation.
lhe want of nio'ie) M.e failure lo se
cure remunerative pricee r the rrn
raiseu in many pari of ibe iate
have had their effect in Hot keeomr
the nieiiiherhip in good ktatrding.S ear
after year see (lie laru.er'a product a
depreciate in value. How inn h lon
ger Una will coiti line ihi one ran lell.
1 lie meet in g si Cart one jear (in
made it possible I bat lhe Alliato
should take a new Ica.e of lite that
a Arraod step for our Sietlernieiit con I.l
te mad, lhe Alliance euitit-r -
ry w here were anxious that omet hmir
should le done to gUe the? in.tnlrr a
more direct tieneilt. urpajer and
member talked alio failor), and
many placed fund in the hands of
jour Secretary -Treasurer for the pur
pone of building or starting a fan .try
of that kind. Not niouitli. however.
has beetl received for the purjNew aa
per plan organized by I lie lal Stat
meeting. V have reieued for that
purpose about f 3 urn
The removal of your oftlc from I Im
city lo the country i a grand atride
for agricultural freedom, ana theinde
fendence of the Allianceorganirati.it.
lbe establishment of tbeae head-
quartrrs with the launery and aho
factory by jour eircutife comnulte
will, we lelieve, have tuorelodo with
breaking down prejudice again! lbe
order, and rebuildu.g itll.au aiijlhiug
tbatcoiilil have been done.
Every Alliance will Ise Interest. ! in
this tirotierty ai.d work; and will.
thont doubt, help suatam I hem and
pusli tlieiu lorword.
It ia with you brethren to say wheth
er the Alliance shall go forward in thu
grand atretcb for freedom or not. It
is with you to way whether or not the
Alliance shall gu forward and jour
place become the mightiest co-opera-
tive manufacturing establishment In
the South. Iet there be no bickering,
no strife, hut let cacti officer aud dele
gate do hia ulmol to see how t ran
say and do to make thi begmniag one
grand final uccm.. Kight here we
wish to aay that a Isouse divided
against it self cannot atand. I t there
be nu division in th Alliance work.
Since our removal tier we have re-
reived nothing Ir than the good will
of the citizeua in and out of the Alli
It ia due especially to Major John
W. Graham, a brother of imr worthy
trustee, and to Mr. I'. M. Park, both
of llillsboro, that wre are owners of the
property here. They aiited jwur
secretary in hi fearcti for a good loca
tion, and jour executive committee
when they came upon the ground a lo
make (he purchase. We do not believe
we could have aelected a place where
yourorganization and ilsomvers would
have hern more kindly treated than
We regret that more progre ha
not been made in getting our insur
ance before the people. We have only
one active mem tier, Itra. J. M. Koberta,
of ('leveland ounty. b ha dun
much work fur the National Aid.
Several agents have beo appointed.
but they have not met with aucceaa.
I think it well for our brother to in
vestigate thoroughly the plan before
returning borne, so that each county
can get the Information iruui Its del-
1 think I lie plan or permitting mem
bers who ar behind mure than one
quarter to return by paying one quar
ter a due ahouid be no longer permit
ted. I believe it ia a detriment to the
strength of the order.
In conclusion let me urge upon the
members present to o push our or
ganization and the. enterprise started
that we may b able to establish at
least one new enterprise very year
stage (about fifty) and yet there was
a row about a want of seats. Then
the delegates from the Eighth dis
trict were moved into the south gal
lery aud the delegates from the
Seventh district into the north gal
lery (about one hundred and fifty)
and still there was a call for more
seats on the floor. Extra chairs were
placed, the window sills utilized and
finally the big crowd seemed to be
provided for in a way that was en
durable, if not altogether desirable.
And then the convention went to
beg leave to was tne rePort which appears above
wini 1110 Biuepuuu mat tne ioilow-
cast us vote in this convention, and co-1"? ana adopted:
R. A. Co'-b is authorized bv thet"Kes?lTed Xh&t we recommend
a vuusuiuouuai proamnion OI tne
purchase, lease or rental of paral
lel or competing railway lines."
ther amendments were also
offered one by Mr. Macon, of
Franklin, providing that salaries of
State officers be red uced 25 per cent..
a mar . .
State Business Agent-T.
Trustee Business Agency
a. uranam, Macnpelab.
A. F. Hileman, Concord; K. C. Eng
lish, Trinity; James M. Mewborne,
j in st on ; Jonn urabam, Jiidgeway;
v. is. iieming, Kidgeway.
John Brady, Gatesville; Dr. J. F,
Uarrell, Whiteville; T. J. Candler.
Address of Dr,
attended any other political conven
tion held in this State this year. 1st, that Thee. White is an- ln? amendment offered by
Th rmmW far xP.Aedinr thA thorized bv the countv of Chowan to. h01111 wranam was referred
seating capacity or Metropolitan
hall in which there are five hundred
chairs Arrangements were made county ot Watauga to. cast its vote'
for seatinc? some delegates on the m this convention
-au, mat proxies given by dele
gates who are not in attentance b
not allowed, when regularly author
lzed delegates from the same conn
tins &ro nresent.
i I . i i ti , . ,, -1 jcmiuu uuuer ciruuiusiairci-s esseu
i jltiii onn I v 1,1 r. rL.nwisi.rtn rr v aAA i. . . ....
permanent ORGANIZATION rkport. I- AdV-i 1' , . iy amerenc irom tiiose mac nave sur-
"The committee on M.BMt L UJ- ns on former occasions
. . tr x ureuiui iur i.aA.ai.1011 1.1100111 on . nnri 1 llir tacsmn r. 1 nna vsse arm
ganization beg leave to report as to their recovery. Both amendments looked forward to a permanent loca-
toliows: r or permanent cnairman I were referred to the committee on t,on for headquarters and the estab
Hon. Harry Skinner. f platform. The committee reuortd lishment of a tannery and a shoe fac-
For secretaries, Mai. W. Ayer, of that these amendments were already nl
iuo vnutasiau. ouo. . imiusev, 01 covered dv tne matrorm an niroiHo
To tft delegates of the X. C. F. M. Alli
We are met it this, our tenth annual
session under circumstances essential-
Tbe property we then examined and
' J?VJ lt Z1 U niot ac.c.epted- Te report of the could offer, into other hands and your should not
reform papers in the State as assis- cWmitteee was adopted.
CAL.L.KD TO OKDER. tants
State Chairman Butler called the Col. Skinner was escorted to the
Peoples Party State convention to chair by Capt. J. B. Lloyd and Mr.
erder at 12:15 o'clock on Thursday, Peace, the committee appointed by
Aueust loth. Me laced a grand as- tne cnairman
sembly of American patriots and! Col. Skinner said that before do-
their patriotism and earnestness ing anything he thought the bless
we?e by no means melted by the tor- ings of the Almighty ahouid be ask-
While the committee was out dis
cussing the amendments, the con
vention began to call for speeches.
There were calls for Bntler. These
were supplemented by a call from
(Continued on third page.)
executive Committee was forced to
seek a suitable location elsewhere.
Indersucn circumstances we en
countered the terrible thock of the
campaign of IS02. a campaign which
for intense conviction, desperate de
termination, and educative efiective-
ness is without a parallel. When the
smoke of that battle bad cleared away,
the partisans who desired the destruc
tion of the Order because, instead of a
harmless plaything, it had become a
powerful menance to continue unfaith
fulness, declared witii a strange mix
ture ot feigned regrefc and evident sat
isfaction, that the Alliance, having;
gone into politics, bad killed itselt
Nevertheless tne order survived that
terrible onslaught. lour lecturers
took the field the following year with
a determination to rebuild.
They inspired new hope and freh
couratre in uearts mat leit the contin
ued need oi tne Alliance, winch ttiey
loved better than they loved any po
A ceaseless campaign of political ed
ncation in the face of whatever difficul
ties, was wagea jinaaumea in every
section of tne state.
It is characteristic of the Alliance to
wage ceaseless campaigns of political
education and to apply it teaching
according to individual judgement at
box. l herein lies its power
its terrror to its oppose,
the sovereign citizen be
well taught in the science of economic
government t Ur were it better that
cess of our most urgent and vital de
mand, and wherever the Alliance has
had its way most largely, there the fl
nancia.1 question is most dillicult to
evade. There the masses in all politi
cal parties are most likely to he Intel
ligently abreast of the wisest and
uiiirl humane economic thought. May
we contend, therefore, that the Alii
ance is not only a usetul, but an in
dispensible organization aa well!1 If
its membership remainaamall after the
shock of two friendly campaigns and
a period of pernicious financial stria
gency, still the Order lives, and there
is every reason why it should grow.
Our mission io perpetual. There
are other great questions upon which
the people need to be educated, and
others to arise in the proce-is of time.
No Populist should neglect the Alii
ance because the People a Party es
poused the cause. lbs should rather
for that reason remain steadfast to the
Alliance and see to it that this tie
party prove not faithless as the old
lue. element mat rannqj. in wart a
good cause in open combat ia prone to
attack itselt to it in apparent friend
liness iu accompnsn by tins means
what it could not openly. It was such
an evil genius that would have ren
der?d the Alliance useless by steering
it clear ot political study and practice.
It was Mich an evil genius that
stranded the old Democratic ship upon
the shores of '.-herrnainsm. Is it not
possible for the People's Party to suf
fer sometime a similar fate?
The thousands of Alliancemen who.
affiliating with the Democratic party,
left the Alliance -because it went into
politics" four years ago, can have no
excuse for remaining out of it now
The Democratic party in 'control of
every department of the government,! hereafter.
counting securely upon their unques-l The following are receipt and dis-
t inning allegiance to party, gave l hem I bursements for the year ending A u-
nothingot ineir principle, alter all itslgusl 10, J
success, us history the past lour years
shows how untrue a political party, un
fettered by indeten Jent public senti
ment, may prove, and how cruelly con
temptuous of blind allegience. We
want to see these men return to the or
der and help n to rebuild it to its luf-
mer magnitude. We need them and
we feel that they need us. They left
us because we went into "politics in
audin IbM their National plat-
lorm ba put them into tin same poll
tics that -we went into. W hy ahouid
they not find us very genial compan
ions. And so to every ehitible man in
North Carolina, whether Popalist,
Oemocral or Kepulican, who believes
in the wisdom and necessity of the
non-partisan political education of the
votes, that herein lies the safety of our
common country. I extend a cordial in-
vitaj-ion to connect himself with u
An intelligent md patriotic citizen
ship is the only .'tope of the Republic,
and that which 'fe think we learn in a
campaign when hotly contending for
the mastery of a faction is not as likely
to be the saving truth as that which we
calmly discover when in quest of truth
for its own sake.r or the citizen there is
no education so valuable as that which
is political and fur our agricultural
population there has been nu other such
educator as t he Alliance.
And to those who follow useful oo
Amt. on hand Aug. It. !0
Ami. received, fee dues and oth
Ex penaes Stale meeting.
io I'M m
Printing, stationery.... 2WTo
Office, expenses, etc... 20
kx. oru. meetings i ,
Paid Nat. ttoc bal dues
of !-. 230 JW
Taid Nat. Sec on dues
Paid for Kituala i no
Paid W. 8. Barnes, sal
ary 1 OJW on
Paid J. M. Mewborne,
oaiance salary as I'rea-
Paid Cyrus Thompson
on salary OS ft)
Paid postage. law
After a very careful examination of j be be left ignorant and pliable clay in Jcupations that render tbem ineligible
uvui.. piow,, auu uuc vuiigiucrsuua u I me iiSDua ui uesirucuve pouerir l to ioeuiuereoii iu on Aiuincf in ni
uiauj lavorauie propositions, iney ae-1 it we went into politics, therefore,! appeal lor ainaiy recognition and a
cidea upon the purchase of this prop-1 has not our action been fully justified friendly band. Whatever their call
eriy ana located our headquarters I by the coarse of events? What we de-1 ing the Alliance is not an enemy to
here. I cfared Clevelandism to mean in I them. If we seek nrimarilr the nrna.
They then set forward as rapidly as is sadly realized in 1806. The crash- perity of our own calling, we seek as a
circumstances would permit, with re-1 ing stone which we then rejected ia 1 necessary sequence the prosperity of
Balance on band...
STTE LKCTTKkVs KCroKT.
7 lh' (tffleer Mfmteri f the Svrtk
Bkithkbx: In obedience to cus
tom and to the requirements of the
Order I hereby beg leave to make this
my annual report as Iecturer for the
State. It is a source of naacb regret
to me to have to report that bat little
has been done on ibis line In the ab
sence of any appropriation. 1 bavo
been unable to carry and send the
rreat truth of the Alliance to any new
Quarters or to visit evwn those places
a which we have oar grsatsst strength.
I find, however, ia the places that I
Costtiasjt m Sad pa-J
The Caucasian (Clinton, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Aug. 20, 1896, edition 1
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