North Carolina Newspapers

    Ten Gents For The Campaign, In Globs of Ten.
Wfll, M ll II Kill 11,
no iimncy In If,
i, .it Mill m-ikI ten tii-
i, i - Ir I lit m tu p;i u it rr
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Send Quick
8 fa
CAUCASIAN
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VOL. XIV.
EMPLOYES WILL
BE BENEFITED
i-y Tho Restoration of Freo and
Unlimited Coinage of Silver
Why They Should Vote
For It.
iRFORATION ARGUMENTS
if I
X timlir I n n (7onerntlon
i ;nMrHl t.'untlurfor and Hena-tl-li.
KulKrlent Hiiilir of
UnuM ! In Irinnl
lurraaartl Hn
t IS !lK. U'lAI), AUi. 1M.
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linu Nil:: I b.iro
Sri' K
t ,r I'M' 1'
. ...I .l..rl ".ll-t
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II, J!
-1 1 I
: man:
llHVtr SCtn A
) nt I have heard
j!-! know t!i'' si-!'-' i fiat you are
t i : Mpaigc. I uend this
f,, yu l.cf.'iui'j I know that
1 ' l n an 1 i 1 aa v. n a t .
th
p-a.
i iUlV
ll-il !
.,(, I
i u ;.)!
I,',
A
I
v a i.irger circulation
other paper that would
My name is withhold for
.it f.i-i) obvious. J am a
on a Westorn railroad.
weeks ago a certain ellicial
( i ii.is railroad company handed me
;k -111:1.11 pamphlet of several loaves
enhtlt il "The Wage Katuer and Freo
Nivi r." 1 was asked to take it home
w t'i ine, read carefully and return
it. 1 did s. Iri fact, I read it thret
tuiii'.-i h worried rue very much. I
li.tvi" been in the railroad service for
;iln,i;t liftei n years, and have never
ivcii any special attention to polit
n nl iU'stiUM, and know probably
nn.r" about tho tariff than any other
ii'itsti.n, and don't know rnueh
iiin'ut that. Iu a general way I have
ti lt from observation that money was
s"firce; 1 have bwen all business utw
titt i 'prises getting ilull; 1 nave i,ocn
land sell undtr the hammer for half
v, hat it sold for a few years ai;o;
Inve heard complaints frjm rca
nv s mid friends who live on farms
t i Hut i ffect that prices were so low
mat it waMuiilicu.lt to meet expen
ses and havM enough money left to
put taxes; I have heard merchants
complain that they could not si
half the goods Ihat thev had been
celling. I had uo doubt that rail
roads woulu uo inueli more business
in carrying out and bringing back
freights if produce brought a better
price arid ntw enterprises wore start
m1 up; ho I had made up my mind to
rote for the side that favored more
money in this tight.
Hut now for the circular: It start
fd out with calling our attention to
the fact that wo were receiving
wages of H much per day, or sal
ni U'sof so much per month, and tha
it was to our interest that every
tli:ii!f lmI to buy fhould be
L up so that our wages would buy
M iiiom of other thing.!. Then it stated
flint tut' coinage of silver would
cam" tlo- prices of farm products
and al! other thingrt that we had to
buy to o up about double, which
would h iu about the same lYect hs
if the company wtro to reduce our
salaries oue-half.
for free
to you
paihu h are
1?.
silver, uat rirbt kt ti Z. iku
my eisi: ,.Iy gener
.1,
UU IJiC
RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 189G.
ride
fprrnrs and tbos- who create f
I (vi I. fd that generally thvj
trj- won id be more proupt,
there w -re core money, and
reason I had nbojt made
mind to vote for free xilver.j
a wife and a growing farr, .
only in'uiri'j ii inv mlarv, whi
' h' e
the
oun-
i
i ir
.' th;,t
my
i My
:L is
iti.i per luoMh. It is all that I can
uo now 7iih t ii ialarv to m?A-n
both tnd meet. My oId"e.t child U
a daughter, who will soon be grown.
My wif'3 and I ftel that we must
seed b r . ff to f'.Ik ol this fall, if we
ever intcrj't to uo anything more for
her than giv her a common school
education. Thiseir-ular savs that
1 hive to pay double nricos for
what. I bay thn.t it will amount t. th
fame a cutting my balu.rv in half.
Now, it would fco itnr.lv imnoa-.iblfi
!f.'j7-."0 per month
, it would bo
or mo to live on
i" l - r .. . . . - i 0
iuti-jiwp, -veii aiiuiiiiDir I'jai iree
silver would be the best thing for the
country generally, is net my first
luty to my wife And family? there-
ore, should I not vote agf.tnsL free
silver, situated as 1 am:
Senator: Yeu have stated the e .e
robably as strongly from the o!d
standpoint as it is possible for any
one to make it, but your fears v to
fro silvor :.re. a!I groundless. The
aet is tha. vou have mucdi and
probably ui'jre to fear from the gold
f.andard than tho farmer, even
though you arodrawing a salary. Did
it ever occur to you that if the gold
standard is permanently fixed upon
this country th?.t your salary i, sun:
to bo reduced, and not only rciuccd
once, bat continuously ana succes
sively, until there is no telling upon
how little you may be forced to livo
per month; and, besides, did it ever
occur to you thai; rou r.re liable to
lose your position'.'
Cotuluetor: 1 dot.'r. understand
n
AND
BUGKHER.
"iienjirtiinwccDmcn are oii- wlicl o:r continued profit to th
patJ ami toxr rfa on rfcuiue ter ran utf-htngrr at t!ir coi.
way, our Hock wit! turn towards it Kraliziojc th truths, drmorMrit.
fold only to find it ditroyd. W, ed by lore public incoti vnirn c and
thnfure. ftsnd fast. W tfund i bu- lo, tte lHmocr&tir party, in tb io-
ele csll throughout the land for all terU of the tna and of euuallus-
ThisisTho Ticket Nominated By
Tho Convention Held at
Indianapoli3.
FOR A GOLD STANDARD.
Th ria!f r:n I)noum c Sll rer unci
Icnore Thr, Iiioui Tax-tiMi. I aimer
1 'might In Tlie L'ntnu Arnn ( ;vrnnr
SI'icknpr Si rv-, l.i 1 VoofV.U-ate
SuuikI Mnti"y" Demo, r S'lf -..,ift With
Tha Ticket.
CowK.Mio.v Hall, Indianapolis,
Sep;. 2. The lirst day's session of the
National Democratic convention, call-
ea oy t!i advocates of sound nmnfT
f tbe (.'iiicajro
I-mocratii to rally for the support of
government atid law, for th honor of
their country and for the maintenance
and preservation of their creed, it
n.emurieg and its glories."
Veeoad Iay rrtKtedingi.
John M. 1'almer, of Illinois, and Si
mon Holivar Uuckner, of Kentucky,
were nominated to-day by the Nation
al Democratic convention for Presi
dent and vioe-rre.ident on a platform
which repudiates the doctrine enun
ciated by the Chicago convention; en
dorses l'resident Cleveland and his
auminifetration in elowinjr terms: de
uce 10 all, prac tically e-.tablihed by
ttie legislation of l.;4. and 1-73 t be
gold standard cf monetary measure
ment and likewise entirely divorced
tbe government from banking and cur
rency issues. To this long established
Ieniocratic policy we adhere and in
sist upon the maintenance of the gold
standard and of the parity therewith
of every dollar issued by the govern
ment and are firmly opposed to the
free and unlimited coinage of silver
and to the compulsory purchase of sil
ver bullion.
We assert the necessity of such in-
LETTERS FROM
THE PEOPLE
and !abricf n tr w- work -t
the iestiy of tb rvnztrj rec'-t
rditir asd etbit; an4 t-f.tr
tb repl of tl tatu".
l i i.
Various Matters on
Popular Opicion it Express
ed All Sections Interested.
LIVING ISSUES FORWARD.
clares for the gold standard; taritf for helligent currency reform as will con
Indianapolis to
by much prithu-
sh-jukl I lose my poi-
as 1 do my duty to the
Tin circular also went on
that the railroads all owed
to say
bands
payable in gold, anil that freo coin
age would not only drive all gold
out of the country, but that it would
also send it to a premium: therefore
the railroad companies would
have to pay a premium to get the
g"ld to meet their bonds; and this
would so embarrass tho roads that
they would have to either raise their
freight ami passenger rates or ro
ducetho wagvs of their employes.
That freight and passenger rates
were now as high as the people
W'.vihl stand; therefore, tho only
tliiug left would bo to reduce wages
of those who work for tho roads
That this would be a double blow to
the men employed, and appealing to
them (to us) not to vote to bring this
calamity upon ourselves ine cir
cular also went on to say that free
silver would drive foreign capital
out o this country; and much more
along the same line.
As I have said, this circular gave
me a great deal of trouble, and had
about forced mo to the conclusion
that my duty to my wife and chil
dren would force me to vote against
free silver. The day before 1 re
i . v
turned ttie circular l nau ou my
train a United Jtates Senator. It
was the young Senator from North
Carolina. While I did not know
him well, I knew that he was a strong
free silver man, and that he had
also on all occasions taken sides with
the laboring man. So I handed him
tho circular and asked him to read
it anil nauu it. bacs to me, sny-
ing to him thatif what was in that
r lrcular was bo, why then was it not
my duty to myself and my family to
vote against tree silver. When next
I iinouil tlirmiifh tho r;i.r hn asked
me to sit down a moment in the seat
with him. He handed me back tho eir
ciilar and asked if they were being dis
tributed generally among tho em
ployes o! the railroad. 1 told him
that I thought they were. Then
smiling, ho said: "The advice of
these companies to the efftet that
your wages will bo reduced if 3'ou
vote for free silver reminds mo f
m hat once occurred between a land
lord and his carriage driver. The
landlord asked his driver as they
w re about starting for tho polls on
Noting day how he was going to vote
l pen receiving the drivers answer
tie landlord replied: "Don't you
now that ii you vote that way you
cannot get as good wages as you
get now!" Tho driver promptly re
plied: 'Sir, if that were bo, me
'tioks you would vote that way
J'"urf.elf."'
I admitted the force of the illus
rittion. but I told the Senator that
i ' . . . .
a wanted him to explain to me
whether or not this circular was cor
rect when it said that free silver
'ould raise the price of farm prod
ucts atd many other things which I
uiu be forced to buy out or my
salary each month. I give you be
low as best I can from memory his
answers and my nuestiona:
Senator: Yes. free coinage of sil-
vr will undoubtedly raise the prices
anrarni products.
Conductor: If that is so then I
wa,nt you to show me if you can how
would be to mv interest to vote
that. Why
tion as long
company or heve uy salary reduces
either?
Senator: Do you know any man
to day who is out of a job who is
competent to serve as conductor on
this road as yours'.H?
Conductor: Yes, I know several.
Senator; Several? If you will thick
for a niome:i, you wili'think of mern
than several. The fact is that, if
you take the country over, for every
man who has a job that pays as
much as yours, there are at lea.-t ten
men, equally ?.s competent to fill it,
who are either out of a )b or try
ing to mike living in some other
way, who would be roady and anx
ious to take your job and every
other job like ir, and even to take it
at a lower figure than you are get
ting, if necessary. There are political
reaous why the railroads do not
just now force down your salaries or
dismiss jou and takesome other man
who will vork for less: but let mo
ask you: is it human nature for any
rnau or corporation to pay more to
you tor certain services tMtn he
can get other men, ni'ia'ly as com
petent, to perform tho same serv-
ices: ljet tne goit sianuaru ouco oo
permanently fastened on this couu-
try, when tho corporations and the
gold men feel safe, and a3 sure as
fatrf overy man who is now in their
employment will have to accept a
big cut in his wages or be dismissed
to give place to some other man
equally as competent, who will do
the work for less.
Let mo ask you: what would you
do to-day if you were dismissed as
conductor; which way would you
turn to make a living?
Conluctoi: Cod only knows. 1
would try to find some other job, but
my famiiy would suffer if I were to
lose ono month's wages.
Senator: You would try to find an
other job? Hut would you not find
at least ten men as competent as
you are applying for the same job?
Then how could your chatces oe
any better than one in ten to get the
job? If every other man was v,s
competent to fill the place as you,
and you had uo special pull, then
the only way that you could get it
would be by doing tho work for less
than the others. But why is it that
you think of nothing but getting a
job? Why would you not g into
scrno othei business enterpriso where
you could be with your family more,
and have moro time that was your
own?
onductor: I know ci no business
and t tie oppor.erts
plat form, to-jnect i n
uay, wa3 riot, mamed
sia:n.
l'.ight hundred and tw"t.ty-four del
egate were present. These repre
sented forty-rn States and three Ter
ritories. I u many instances the deie
gatei were Mipplemetited by full sets
of alternate-'.
'1 he eonvention went to work at
one, eliected both temporary and
permanent orgunizat ion, and got down
to that important point in its order of
bt!ine.-, whre its platform comes in.
Senator l'aJmer, of Illinois, chair
man of the committee which issued the
cali, rapped the convention to orde
Kx- iovernor Flower was made tem
porary chairman anil read a very long
addre-.-f, mme points of which were
cheered, lie was Miceee-ded as the perm
anent, cn-urmaii ny rienaior Uahery,
of Louis ua, whose speech whs much
shorter than the temporary chair
man's. The oratorical eiiecls of the day
were secured by I. K. Kverett, of
Massachusetts, :;id .John I'. Irish, of
California.
Mr. Everett boblly 'declared that
AIas:ichuetts v.Tas for Kohl and not
for bimetallism l.y international
agreement, a-ser'ing that every na
tion win, se views were worth having
had adopted the gold standard.
!! also repudiated any alliance w ith
iciiniey protectionists ami proclaim
ed ''regularity lor the present conven-
,'ot;!d i
of
)f tne
regular
C
that I could go into in which I could
raaKe a living. I woiud perish to
death at farming, thoucit I was rais
ed on a farm. The mercantile bus
iness is run in the ground, and men i
with more capital and experience
th.au I have got are failing each day.
I hear all tue drummer? complain of
dull trade, and I see a great manv
others who have been dismissed by
their firms on account of falli-' off
iu saUs.
Senator: Then you admit franklv
that the condition of the country is
very bad, and evon alarming. Now
are you safe even a3 a man drawing
a salary when you are liable to have
this salary reduced, in fact, certain
to have it reduced if the number of
unemployed men increase, and where
if you lost your job you would bo at
sea. .and would boon face want. Do
yoa prefer this situation of things?
or would yTou preter to see all or
these unemployed men who are
standing around waiting for your
' enirasrfd in profitable busi-
a e l
nesses some oi tuem larmm acu
making money, some of them nier
chandizing and making mossy, some
of them going into manufacturing
enterprises and making money, some
of them gointr on if new railroads
that would be built, until there was
a demand for more labor than there
were men to suddIv the demand
Thi3 is what would happen with a suf-
ficent supply ot money. Then you
instead of being in danger of losing
your job, would have another rail
road bidding for yo.ur services and
offeriog you a greater salary. There
would be no danger of you losing
your job. The only question woul
be. which job would you take? And
the chances are that you would no
serve as conductor on any railroad
for the opportunity of going into
some other business more congenia
to vonr taste and more agreeable to
your family would open up. Here
are the two pictures: One is as sure
as fate under the single gold stand
ard ; the other is as sure as fate with
lion, which ne Deiieveu v
precur.ser of a long lim
1 )euiocratic conventions."
The Chicago convention and plat
form were ignored as Democratic in
ftitutions by the speakers and conven
tion. The committee on rules and the
committee on permanent, organization
both recommended the adoption of the
"rules of the last Democratic conven
tion," naming as such the Democratic
convention of l.s!J, and their recom
mendations were adopted without a
dissenting vote.
The convention adjourned until 11
o'clock to-morrow when if the com
mittee on resolutions be ready, the
platform will he presensed.
MIS. caffkky's addkkss.
oenatoi -altery, of Couisana, in as
s:iiiiingti.e permauentchairmanship of
th"; convention said :
' I tender this convention my deepest
thanks lor the. high honor o' selecting
me to preside over its deliberations. I
shall always regard it as the highest
ever conferred upon me.
"Charged by our party with the func
tion of ministering in its ieniDle of
faith and teaching the people its true
doctrines, our priests have desecrated
its altars, broken its shrines and taught
false doctrines to the people. We now
enter the sanctuary of the' temple
again and take possession of the ark of
the covenant ct our faith, which we
will htrealter vigilantly guard, pro
tect and defend. We v ill purify its
desecrated altars and rebuild its brok
en shrines.
"Loyalty to party discipline and or
ganization has ever been the pride and
strength of our party. Loyalcy to
principle has ever been and will ever
be its cardinal and leading tenet par
amount to all others, binding in con
science and guiding the action of
.verv triip I lemnei-iir
y - - --
Continuing Mr. Cali'ery said, refer
ring to the Chicago platform :
"it is the Ishmael of platforms. It
raises its hands against some of the
principles of both parties aud nearly
all the principles of the Democratic
party. It is begotten of the unhal
lowed union between Democracy, Pop
ulism and anarchy. And that the
Scriptures may be tulfilled, it will be
i fugitive and a wanderer on the face
of the earth.
"We hold that no arsrument is need
ed to chow the revolutionary and an
archistic character of the doctrine that
the lavrs cannot be enforced in a State
to protect property which is the juris
diction of Federal courts, or to pro
tect the United States, ur that the Su
preme court ought to be reorganized
or that tiie national faith be violated,
thv.tthe freedom of private contract
revenue only; liberal shipping laws;
currency reform; Civil Service and
economy in public expenditures. The
spirit that animated the convention
was contained in this declaration of
the platform :
"The Democratic party has sur
vived many defeats but it could not
survive a victory won in behalf of the
doctrine and policy proclaimed in its
name at Chicago."
And so in the language of Mr. Ham
mond, of Louisana, this convention
placed in the hands of other nomi
nees their banner and bade them iling
it forth Skyward, high and wide."
The real work of the convention was
soon transacted when it was reached,
but the delay in reporting the plat
form gave opportunity for a series of
eloquent and stirring speeches. The
attendance was larger than yesterday
and more enthusiasm prevailed. Col.
W. C. I. Breckinridge, the famous blue
grass orator; DeWitt C. Warner, of
Xew York ; A. Hammond, of Ceor
gia;W. D. JJynum. of Indians., and
Comptroller of the Currency Eckies.of
Illinois, were in turn called to the
stage and stirred the enthusiasm to a
high pitch.
When the platform was at last
brought in, shortly before 2 o'clock,
after the convention had been in ses
sion three hours, it wasread amid an
almost continuous storm of applause
and was adopted unanimously with
out a word of debate.
The Platform.
The platform adopted is as follows:
'This convention has assembled to
uphold the principles upon which de
pend the honor and welfare of the
American people, in order that Demo
crats throughout the Union may unite
their patriotic efforts to avert disaster
from their country and ruin from their
party.
The Democratic party is pledged to
equal and exact justice to all men of
every creed and condition, to the larg
est freedom of the individual consis
tent with good government; to the
preservation of the Federal govern
ment in its constitutional vigor and to
the support of the States in all their
just rights; to economy in the public
expenditures; to the maintenance of
the public faith and sound money;
and it is opposed to paternalism and
all class legislation.
line the government to its legitimate
functions, completely separated from
the banking business and afford to all
sections of our country a uniform,
safe and elastic bank currency under
government supervision, measured in
volume by the ueeda of business.
CI.KVEI.AM ENDOKSKO.
Tiie fidelity, patriotism and courage
with which l'resident Cleveland has
fulfilled his great public trust, the
high character of his administration
tadorMm.nl oflk Act! ml Th ( .
venUa-tMl 1IbK Bryfcr -FU
Art Comlag t l-tvejU4y
for Whipping Oat OoldbagUm.
1 a old Hlaadard la la.BKra.
For The Caucasian.)
Waata a a ail w t laa.
Uhicb the ForTi..ivKa.i
DiatTA. N. C. Sept. 4 II c.
to tte oar leader ought tn ttie tl
d;pot t-rt wn Measr. Watsoc atJ
!wall. Tb I'vpclutl Lav cat!
all the- conr-;oTjs ttt tLy eaa
stand. If the D o.oTtt don't tntk
on. I say let ua n buk aad uke
a sew start- I will t.trr r,( f,.,
Hryan if Si; tKnl cotu- ! r.
It is time rail a halt. I iuu't
think Sevall means to cm ! jwt. it
h don't, let the avcndir I-arty go
to the devil ly its jr. I..nt Ut tut ni
drag the lVi'pU-a I'arty with it. 1
am one- taa. means to oxj. I i
Se.all
"iajiuj, . v-., rtPl. -a. AM
. 1 a ' I . a.
gom stfvnaara wm not give tbe po-imiena in tote lor lrvau
pie relief, and any one tel'ievine sol loe. not uui down.
is laooring under a very great wis-1 t. .ukki).
take. Now let the reotde examine
for themselves the differ ono in a
double standard eountrv and aaincle n P1" toe. t.i of ! r. J . J .
standard. Mexico is under a dotihh. I Stephenson, cbairaau .1 U eiirn
Nurtkaiuaiaa Ivofl.a I'arlf (m(.Um.
its wisdom and energy in the main- standard making silver the unit of I tT"0Oiaittee .f the rf i 1'arlj
value; the United States is under al0.1 -criaampua county, the rotitrn
aincle irold standard. Knar f.,r "on coiTcico in iLe court Uoaae
illustration: Suppose a man from
the United States takes one hundrtd
bushels of wheat to Liverpool, and a
tenanee of civ il order and the enforce
ment of th" laws, its equal regard for
the rights of every clas and every
section, its firm and dignified conduct
of foreign allairs and its sturdy per
sistence in upholding the credit and
honor of the nation are fully recog
nized by the Democratic party and
man from Mexico takes a hundred
bushels to Liverpool. Thev both
will secure to him a place in history arrive there the same day. thvv both I which resulttd ta th ehcti.u ..
light to be limited, or that the func-
iun of issuing paper money ought to
e exclusively exercised by the i ed-
era! government,
We hoid that the theory ot free
oiuage of silver with goid ac the ra
in of 1G to 1 admits ot argument, but
we uoiti that ttie weight ot authority,
t
(Continued on second page.)
he strength of reasoning and the
acts oi history, all point to its fallacy
ind the ruinous consequences of its
adoption. We hold that it will rob the
poor man of his wages and the rich man
of his wealth, the widow of her sav-
ngs, the child ot his patrimony, the
soidier of his pension, the industrious
of his toil and the inventor of reward
of his genius.
, e hold that it will demoralize and
seriously disturb the immediate trade
ind commerce of the republic and
drive the country to a discredited, de
preciated and depreciating standard;
smite our finances as with a palsy
aud trade with a blight. We hold that
the nation's credit will fall prostrate,
its obligations will be dishonored and
its sullied character will be stained
with fraud and deceit.
COMPROMISE IMPOSSIBLE.
Since the inception of the struggle
for tree silver, no compromise has been
possible. Our brethren knew that the
battle was one to the death. 1 he nom
inee oi the so-called Democratic party
has on several occasions proclaimed
the irreconcilable nature of the conflict.
It is a fitting culmination of such a
contest for our brethren to obtain al
lies from Populism at the price of in
corporating its nefarious doctrines in
their platlorm ana attempting to pass
them off as genuine Democracy. It
was fit that to a degraded and depre
ciated currency should be added an
assassinated judiciary and a power
less executive.
In closing Mr. Caffery said :
"The election of McKinley or of
Bryan with our support would mean
the destruction of our whole party for
a generation. For, when our people
recover from the debauch of Populism
and anarchy they will discard the
men who have led their orgy. If we
The declarations of the Chicago con
vention attack individual freedom,
the right of private contract, the in
dependence of the judiciary and the
authority of the President to enforce
Federal liws. They will advocate A
reckless attempt to increase .the price
of silver by legislation and the debase
ment of our monetary standard and
threaten unlimited issues of paper
money by the government. They a
bandon for Republican allies the Dem
ocratic cause of the tariff reform to
court the favor of protectionists to
their fiscal heresy.
1p view of these and other grave de
partures from Democratic principle
we cannot support the candidate of
that convention, nor be bound by its
acts. The Democratic party has sur
vived many defeats but could not sur
vive a victory won in behalf of the doc
trine and policy proclaimed in its
name at Chicago.
The conditions, however, which
make possible such utterances from a
National convention, are the direct
result of class legislation by the Re
publican party. It still proclaims, as
it has for years, the power and duty
of government to raise and maintain
prices by law; and it proposes no rem
edy for existing evils, except oppres
sive and unjust taxation.
The National Democracy, here re
convened therefor, renews its declara
tion of faith in Democratic principles
and especially as applicable to the con
dition ot the times.
PROTECTION AND FREE COINAGE.
Taxation, tariff, excise or direct, is
rightfully imposed only for public
purposes ana not tor private gain.
The sum derived by the Treasury from
tariff and excise levies is affected by
the state of trade and volume of con
sumption. The amount required by
the Treasury is determided by the
appropriations made by Congress. The
demand of the Republican party for
an increase in the tariff tax has its
pretext in the deficiency of revenue
which has its causes in the stagnation
of trade and reduced consumption, due
entirely to the loss of confidence that
has followed the Populist threat for
free coinage and depreciation of our
money, and the Republican practice
of extravagant appropriations beyond
the needs ot good government. We
arraign and condemn the Populistic
conventions of Chicago and St. Louis
for their co-operation.
With the Republican party increas
ing these conditions, which are plead
ed in justification of a heavy increase
in burdens of the people and a further
resort to protection, we therefore, de
nounce protection and its ally, free
coinage, as schemes for the personal
profit of a few at the expense of many,
and oppose the parties which stand for
these schemes as hostile to the people
of the republic whose food and shelter,
comfort and property are attacked by
higher taxes and depreciated money.
In fine, we reaffirm the historic Demo
cratic doctrine of tariff for revenue
only.
The next plank is devoted to the
besidj the fathers of the republic.
We also commend the administra
tion for the great progress made in the
reform of the public service and we
endorse its elfort to extend the merit
system still further. We demand that
no backward step be taken, but that
the reform be supported and advanced
until the un-Democratic spoils sys
tem of appointments shall be eradica
ted. We demand strict economy in the
appropriations and in the administra
tion ot the government.
We favor arbitration for the settle
ment of international disputes. We
favor a liberal policy of pensions to
deserving soldiers and sailors of the
Unittd States.
THE SUPREME CO LET.
The Supreme court of the United
States was wisely established by the
framers of the Constitution as one of
three co-ordinate branches of the gov
ernment. Its independence aud au
thority to interpret the law ot the
land without fear or favor must be
maintained. We condemn all efi'orts
to degrade that tribunal or impair the
conlidence and respect which it has
deservedly held.
The Democratic party has ever
maintained and ever will maintain the
supremacy of law, the independence
of its judicial administration, the in
violability of contract and the obliga
tions of all good citizens to resist
every illegal trust, combination and
attempt against the just rights of
property and the good order ot socie
ty, in which are bound up the peace
and happiness of our people.
Believing these principles to be es
sential to the well-being of the public,
we submit them to the consideration
of the American people."
NOMINATION FOR PRESIDENT.
When the nominations for l'resident
were called for, it was apparent that
Palmer would be nominated over his
protest as the opposition to Bragg had
concentrated upon him. These two
names were the only ones presented
to the convention. It was known that
a message from President Cleveland
had reached the convention that he
could not entertain for a moment the
suggestion of his nomination and his
decision was at once accepted as final.
Before the States were called for
nominations, Henry Watterson was
taken out of the lists by Mr. Carroll,
of Louisville, who, from the platform,
conveyed to the convention a message
from the Kentucky editor in his re
treat in the mountains of Switzerland.
Mr. Watterson," Mr. Carroll said.
sell for the same price; one outce of
silver for one bushel of wheat. Each
one has one hundred ounces of sil
ver. They return home. The man
from Mexico takes Lis hundred
ounces to the mint in Mexico and
the government coins it into legal
tenuer uouars wnun is worth one
hundred cents. That makes the
Mexican farmer receive a dollar for
his wheat iu legal tender money cur
rent in his country to pay debts,
A. 1 I t
taxes auu oincers salaries, vv no can
dispute thioT
Now the man fiom the United
States returns with his hundred
ounces of silver, takes it to the mints
of the United States and it is re
fused to be coined by the United
States mints into legal tender dol
lars. So you can very readily see
that the American farmer has to sell
his 100 ounces of silver for what the
market is mind to pay. Can any
man uouot tnisi it there is, we
would like to hear from him. It is
very conclusive to any honest-mind
ed person that tho farmers iu the
United States are getting about just
half the price for his products under
the single gold standard, as he would
get under the double standard, with
tne tree coinage oi silver. This is
plain; so plain that any man can un
derstand it.
The single gold standard takes
away from the American producers
just half of his produce and labor, to
keep up aud maintain the single
standard of gold. Under the double
Jackson. Saturday the "JVtl. .f An
gust, at V2 o'clock. Mr. J. J. St; b
euson cl!el the meeting to order
and Mated its object, afier which a
permanent orpaniz vtiun was tffiet-
t
I
.a a a . a
Jir. I.e. latter loi cha:ru.ar:.
W . J. lk-aie. for ttctetary.
A committer if rredez.tii'. wa
appointed ionititg of Mer.
Cuas. (iarrt r. Will Stei h.cou aud
W. J. liriant. While the eonvtu-
tioa was awaiting th rtpnt-f the
committee, Mr. Madii-ou I!atlv. t!
Hertie county, mtainc-J the audit ace
with an iutertbtiog atl ixzttruim
speech.
ine following riluiuu as sug
gested by the executive committee,
was adopted:
RtsOLVEP, That this convention
put out a tkeleou ticket ot one can
didate for the legislature in the
Lower House, and two candidates
for county commission r with the
understanding that we leave th re
mainder of the ticket opn. If tilled
satisfactory V us we purpose to
stand by it, if not we leave it with
our executive committee to (ill out.
By motion, the conveution went
into the nomination f these candi
dates, which result d in the nomina
tion of Mr. J. J. Tarns for Repre
sentative, and Messrs. W. K. Harris
and .1. K. Bealo fur county ecmraia-sioners.
The following resolutions were of
fered and unanimously adopted:
Whereas, The Peoples Party of
Northampton, recognizing that the
question of finance is the supreme
issue now pending before the Ameri
can people, there we do resolve,
rirst. That we tlo most heartily
endorse the platform a adopted by
NO. f i.
PATRIOTISM
ABOVE PARTY.
A Cardial IV.cti cf Al! B;:fUl-liiU-To
Scxr Itititrii!
IsifJCiierc.
WHOAEETHE ANAECHISTS?
rl' r. ai.,i 9im-trm fca.
a aad a'l A a a taa. aa aWai
la. Ik at
ruMlM l . a rawaaa a 1..
With tie ad;..afButi of ti,
ulit mnirotiua, Le '.itai Ltf
eauKigb La n t-tuut In a r'
aul with the bfumt'i.'t . Uat
rMt.rtt.1iim c! Mi. !t..at as tL
Prea-.ceutial raudulai . t the l'-j i.
I'arty tie rock that tLrraVt. t..
d.Tuie tte biu.1a.;t ! .f fcl,d
mle mrca ltt .p.... .,
af ly pa-4. Iu t liiitaiiijg JUr.
!tr;au. tu lVpuh.l (. i i t..a.
lue itltl:ir c ur-, aud. u.ak.
lCt. ry aatutfd. it t-U :t.a f,.t
tho wj t , i r tj. the , Tt
I'irt to Bl-t U.e tdtk. . tL.
ro-i::u iu ..: ,f rn a. at;, t .
tu treat thi r 1. i.u' alb. a a - ua...
and ithy t o-i.'t i ...a a a aaci;.
ltiaitiedu'y tfali Au.m.1 ana
-al ta
a.-at.
j. i'triitit ui Uf.
!Li!uty dtrxiau! it
iuti.it.ir to r. at n. m r
" I arty. as.
at w.- iixj.
t'h tl,. ,
thfitby w
t.'tit
I.C4 d
standard making silver the unit of the Copies Party in the national
value before it was demonetized in
187.", doubles every man's fortune,
doubles the price of products and
puts double the amount of silver in
circulation, and stimulates industry,
and puts the wheels of
puts tne wneels ot progress in
mnt5rTi
There is ono class of people that Vorm as set forth by the P.
nt.ipRt ermniv tA ti.A fra. -a5m.. pw Party of North Carolina
and thev are banker and !ho thai State convention held in Kalesgb,
y
convention assembled at St. Louis,
on July 22d. 1S.'.
Second. That we do inot heartily
pledge our support to the nominee
of that convention for President and
Vice-President of the United States.
Third, That we do also endorse
eo-
in
deal in stocss, bonds, and govern
ment securities. They are the ene
mies to free silver and the govern
ment issue of the money, as it inter
feres greatly with their busin 3, for
they are usury gatherers, and they
well Know if the government issues
the money they cannot long live by
usury, ana will nave to invest in
"three days after the Chicago conven- other enterprises in which the gov-
tion, had cabled that other candidates I ernment does not guarantee them
must be named or the Democracy was j any more advantage for the use of
lost." Later he had said he did not their investment than anv other in-
-
want the honor, but that if no one
else could be found to take command,
he would not ask of others to go where
he would not lead. Now that others
were ready to accept, he preferred to
do battle in the ranks.
Some of the nominating speeches
were eloquent and full of fire. L. L.
Kilbourne, of Michigan, placed Sena
tor Palmer in nomination, and there
was a series of scorching speeches.
Burr W. Jones, of Wisconsin, nomina
ted Gen. Bragg, "the hero of fifty bat
tles, and the commander of the iron
brigade."
SENATOR PALMER NAMED.
Illinois waited until all the other
States had been called. Then Judge
Morgan, of Chicago, took the stage
and said they had recognized from
the first that senator Palmer was the
man to lead the fight. lie was, he
said, a platform in himself. All his
life he had fought tiatism, greenback
ism, free silver and other vagaries,
and he had sealed their lips. After
seeing the temper ot tne convention,
however, he said, Illinois was com
pelled to join hands with her sister
States in urging his nomination. The
roll-call immediately developed an
overwhelming majority in favor of
Senator Palmer, but it proceeded to
the end. Palmer received
1
the commander of the
mounted a chair, and in a brief but
graceful speech moved that the nomi
nation be made unanimous and
pledged that he and Wisconsin in the
coming battle, would be where brave
soldiers should always be, nearest the
flashing of the guns.
He was given three hearty cheers
and General Palmer was declared the
nominee amid an enthusiastic demon-
dividual. So the men that deal in
money, stocks, or other investments
on August utti, is:hi, and that we
do most earnestly pledge ourselves
to uso every honorable means for
the election of tho nominees of that
convention.
Fourth, That we do endorse the
courso of the Hon. Marion Butler in
the United States Senate and we do.
therefore, pledge ourselves to stand
by him as long as he stands by the
oppressed people and against the
gold conspirators of this country
and of Lngland.
There being no further buhiae,
the conveution adjourned.
T. C. Pakkek, Chtn o,
W. J. Beale, Sec'ty.
A SWEEPING ORDER.
OoterrmtBt Kraployfa Can't Mak Polit
ical Cantrluutlou.
takes their chances with other
classes of mankind. Then why
should any man take a stand for the
single gold standard! 1 see no ex
cuse for them to take such a stand.
much less the farmer or the laborer
It artneara to me that the man who
takes such a stand either does not An official pronunciamento against
understand or he has some se 16sh political assessments to all c. vern
motive: he should be considered an ment employees, contained in a cir
enemv to this Republic and mi eht cular letter of instructions, was is-
bA so considered bv the masses of sued by the civil service commission
our liberty-loving peopla. Such recently and will bo promulgated as
mpn iu hM r mit bef nr tho n-1 ceueral orders by all the various
ters askini? them for their franchise, heads of departments. This b be
Everv man that loves his country lieved to the first time the commis-
and his liberty should consider well 810n has taken a part in any
before he casts bis ballot for such i"g of such
and Bragg 124 At its conclusion,
subject of shipping and demands that
liberal policies toward American ship
ping shall take the place of our initia
tion of "the restrictive statues of the
eighteenth century which were abon
doned by every maritime power but
the united States."
THE GOLD STANDARD.
The experience of mankind has
shown that by reason of their natural
qualities, gold is the necessary money
of the large affairs of commerce and
business, while silver is conveniently
adapted to minor transactions and the
most benencia: use oi Doth together
can be ensured only by the adoption
of the former as a standard of mone
tary measure, and the maintenance of
silver at a party wit h 'gold by its lim
ited coinage under such safeguards of
law. In this is the largest possible
employment of both metals coined
with" a value universally accepted
throughout the world, which consti
tutes the only practical currency, as
suringthe most stable standard and
especially the best and safest money
for all who earn a livelihood by labor
or the produce of husbandry. They
cannot suffer when paid in the best
money known to man, but are the
go to McKinley, those men will be the I peculiar and most defenseless victims
. J . a. l a. a 1 a a a A a. ?
recoguizeu exponents oi democracy. I oi a aeuaseu anu uuetuauag currency
candidates
The Feorlca
F. B. Bectox.
Party Ha
Parties.
Split Tha Old
For The Cauca
warn-
a sweeping character,
though it has several times given
similar notices to po?tal employes
and to employes of the Treasary
department.
It goes against Mr. Cleveland's
grain to have fat fried out of his ap-
'oC-i votes
iron brigade
a farmer and part of my life spent
in isolation from the affects of dis
criminating laws I yet know some
thing from my own observation from
the past. I have seen that mam
moth height known as Drury's Bluff,
and that great gun planted there
and known as old "whistling Dick"
which commanded the thoroughfare
leading into that once ill-fated city
of Richmond; and an eye witness
when she belched forth her missies
of death, rendering the air with a
stration, during which the State guid-1 deep, thundering sound, causing the
ons were carriea about the nan in tne I very earth to quake and tremble,
wake of the standard of Illinois. Thn wnrd was .tent nn aloncr the
nrintafx tiT thn amnaiorn which in
ST. LocisTxTc, Sept. 2.-Though waged agiinst the party which gave and 11 debt La paid in accordanc
farmer and riof mv life spent his appointees their ibs. He wou!d hlth.th" f0,d;n. X
have no cause of complaint if they
all did what Mr. Smith did resign,
There never was any doubt about Gen.
Buckner's nomination for vice-Presi-
dent except while the nomination
was being talked of for Senator Palmer
for President. When Chairman Caf
fery instructed the Secretary to call
the States for nomination for v ice-
President, the latter called but one
lines on both sides "lie down
ones!" All other euns stcod
little
awed
and apparently silent.
Little did I think that the littl 3
old Alliance crun in the hands of
and commanded by the Peoples Par
tv. loaded to the muzzle with true
7 --w ' 4, Jf a lUaUvU 1 V UU IMUItallV aVfca aa. w
State, "Kentucky" and the band struck Democracy and Republicanism, such
up "Jiy urn Kentucky uoroe." vm. represented bv Jefferson.
rhnnnMnn on tho nnmin.tinn tmtil and JUStlCe. TCStlDg UpOU tUB
' uv-.u... . . i i:i ...
wan forthwith madA unanimous. Af I eternal uasia oi uersuuni uuvtiy.
ter the convention had ad journed, I "equal rights to all and special priv
Senator Palmer succumbed. He said I ileees to none," would, at this most
he would accept. He had never yet critical political period in the history
failed to respond to the call of duty, Qf American politics, belch forth its
he saia ana he could not do so now
with such a cause at stake.
-
9
9
OOCVCVOCVCVCVCVCVO
ai ri line rtar rrai O
" wwavw . v
PER COPY IUC, PER COPY
DURING THE CAMPAICN.
missies of destruction to all party
leaders by breaking their lines from
Maine to Mexico; from the Atlantic
to the Pacific. Such could not have
possibly been the case, but from the
fact these party leaders have long
since departed from the ancient and
cardinal principles which have ever
blessed and saved the people and
country in behalf of modern party-
ism which has proven to be most de
structive to the great agricultural
f they want to fight against the
party that gave them a livelihood.
Lower Kailroad KaUra.
m r e ti eauer, Mii
li I'i'ft T IU' irkl ate
eut t-u tLe rt at .rat.uii t b.n tai!iui.
arl ho ate aliuI-rg t uie tl
tinautal atd itiOattnal tudrpod
t-nee f our j'r.'iu itc laM tii tu a
nor.yt'd oligarchy ILitt ; trtva.!
up tn the itcput iitim-t.t ttf tir I .
dustr.al t lat. a. a-ji that i ubllv
UUiletU n.tlg our p"i.ll'll .nJrpctiu-
er e. Itiirrat t ani: a fjord tu
let petty j alui .f ary rrf
tints Muml iu t!my of m rt-rdial
umi'u i aw luiueiaiiiai r it u a
union ran Hln itiur tLe t-l-etiu
ul Vr. ittv&tt and ecure the inaugu
ration f the iliry whicu an alotin
avert ll ultima! t taKnog ur
producing e tt t ti.um .-d aiit
ocraey, tht"Uirb giadual atjr !
i tEjHverihuirt.t. degradation, ufir-
ing and dtpair.
Patriotism d-tra:.! ol the 1 -tuo-rratic
l-aIem that thy- do not per
mit party prejudtcea or -raoual pre
ference to ataud id t!i ay d an
agretui. ut with the uliat ta
fusion electoral ticket iu .M the
State". Thereby all bimi all 1 t an
t united instpfKirt j! Mr. Itryau.
thus injuring hinelertio, while ui L
a cone. nt ration of vote ua the rani
electoral ti -ket an !. tut arranged
as to give tii Vie -iMidni-y to trai
candidate polbng the grateat num
ber f bimotallie. volec. ttu inuntu'
the election fMr. Vatru ur Mr.
Sewall.
We can ree no r-a-ia hy Mr.
Lryan f bould be,tat 1 aer-pt1he
nomination proffered Lim by the
Populiat eonveutiou aud upon the
platform adopt d by the that con
vention. The PopulM convention,
as the I democratic convention, baa
been eharactetized by the gold pre,
and with unreasoning vituertion.
as an annemblage of anart-bmta and
communiKt. of repudiators and coa
fiscationbts, and no tne have gone no
far as to apeak of it tut-etiLg at wild
orgies. Put the Populiat conveu
tion i co more denervitig of ach
abue than the Democtatic conven
tion held at Chicago a few wr-k -
fore. In both caaea audi epitheta aa
repudiators and cotfucationuta that
have been applied e iudischminattly
to the delegates 'f bth convention,
are miplaced. Thoae who demand
that the motit y that debtor ai re
quired to teuder io pajmeLt of their
indebtedness shall ba of to greater
value, of no greater porciianing
power, tbau the money borrowed,
are not repudiatori, they are cot
con!iicatijL.atH. They are atrivmg
In the name of honcaty ana juatnen
to secure n dollar that w ill be equit
able to both creditor and debtor, that
will htitber defraud tie reJitor nor
rob the debtor; and to atrive. to ae
c'hte a dollar of stable purchaaing
power, a doilar that will ae-ure to
creditor the repayment of a dollar
of the t-ame purchaaicg power ai tie
doiUr loaned, is nt repudiation.
The very tusence of bimetallism i
honesty, j jutice, equity and tr gold
eontractionists who are urging the
maintenance of the gold standard
that has constantly appreciated d j r
ing the pant twenty years, who de
mand that all piioa be meaurexl.
ce
k
that is twice as long today at in 173.
and who oppose the reotoratiou of
silver to it n place a money bcaust
it will cheek the appreciation of gold
that has been chronic Mace the
demonetization of niter, and that
has ecbld th5 money loaning
classes, the speculative bankers and
credit mongers to enrich tnemMdvea
Washington, 1. C, Sept. I. The
Seaboard Air Line to-day liled with
the Interstate Commerce Commission
a new tariff of passenger rates, to go I by defrauding tbeir debtors and iro-
... a. w z a. ' a a a . a I ...
into eneci, rriaaj, nepiemoer 4iu, poverisliing our prodUCICg Clasaea,
making a lower rate in ipisepger fares for thf)ee g.j Conlractionis to pa-
than was in effect by the tariff wvi- gionateiy assaii KA bimetalltaU a.
VZUltilXfn repudiatr, and conGacationiata. is
August 8th. The new tariff makes dui a rtiiecnouon meir own aoueaij
the rate between Norfolk and Atlanta of purpose.
$3 against (9, under the tariff with- The charge that the platform
drawn, with a corresponding reduction adopted by the PopulUt Party is au
to points north of Norfolk. archistic, carries its own refutation.
the freight b eduction is one-third. I for anarchy denounces any extension
The Southern and Seaboard railroad I of the powers of functions of govern-
com pan ies bave filed with the Inter-jment as an unmitigated evil, the
Mate Commerce commission schea-1 anarchist holding teat each man
ules of freight and passenger rates to I ghould be permitted to work out Lis
take effect September 5tb. The re- j..,;.. : war .and that
ductions from present rate in some
instances exceed 50 per cent., whilst
the average reduction is over one-third
of tne rates now in force.
Vtnnoat'i Election.
White River Jcxctiox, Vt., Sept.
3. Returns from all but three cities
and towns in Vermont, give the fol
lowing vote for Governor: Grout,
Republican. 53.270; Jackson, Demo-
in the interest of the general weal of
mankind it is not necessary that
certain rights and relations of man
to his fellows should be delegated to
the government in order to secure
the ceaker members of society
against the encroachments of the
stronger. Thus the anarchist holds
that the strong arm of government
: nn naMtail tn i n a TI ra tha
crat, 1473; Batte l ropuiist, I " V." .
Whittemore. Prohibition. 62S. orouiai i"""' .r " .
plurality. 3892; majority over all, I toil, and that it every man wai lien
37 9. Tha aame cities and towns in I free to follow out his own inelina-
1892 gave Fuller. Republican, a major
ity over all oi njav.
Send us a short account of your
meetings. We want to publish it.
Send it the very day yon have U.
tions, there would be a just distribu
tion of the products of labor.
In short, the anarchist teaches
that no government is necessary.
Continued on aeooild j
    

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