Read Our Special Premium Offer to Yearly Subocrlbsro on the Fcarth Paso ! THE CAUCASIAN HAS A LARGER tot Caucnt m a ta wtceaja RCULATCN THAN ANY OTHER CAUCASIAN, EEKLY PUBLISHED iN NORTH CAR- BflHT tltt VS. 10 ou TO ect tm :tfuiwt L.NA. 4 ' ') PF CE. PER YEAR. ..TCrXWTt 9 VOL. XV. RALEIGH., N. 0 THURSDAY, JANUARY 21.1897. NO. 10. OY. RUSSELL S INAUGURAL ADDRESS. Masterly Speech Delivered Be- and Public in the Capitol- fe AILS THE 90 YEAR LEASE though there I known among t, strictly legal. K remedies should Preventive procef another remedy lawyers an the tab! and legal ? cumulative, fcbould be en- fl nun "i i"'!1""" courage and hope t fauci.."-'.! nun of non-suf Jen. So long as civilization iAlirW (lotrrumeiit Control of Sllrol - Ntronglr CornUinim I.jnh- ami Mutt U lf(ti Inrrraaeri Yllon for tha C'oofixlerate Holtllere 1 gists Aid to Higher Kduratlon t'p )tl Munli Ipallllee Not to he Kolrd lr 'rp rtjl or linnrmt. ft' IS n riHiiuuuwu iu uieiwijr. it!.- I'jrhUOU Ul lug MjiD u L ChtiUuh 1 their constitu-nt'l.t-i ot h free and honest it at.'I or popular jrovernmeni courage and hope to the lffrage tion and lftiitml enuure iuert jm niwtp lrn;tUt) hopo for the ultimate luxation of t i ror enthroned; ror Jicdcniption of tho weak and tho rcK.-l; for the overthrow ot ap ntly invincihle wrong. If they wait aa hour, there m no human rer which can evade the patient Ich, the vigil loug ot the hrave id hccK to aHEau ine enirencneu HletiM nts of prevailing privilege Hawick power. Through ung 1 weary yar free born Amftri JS have nulTered and endured for 1 sako of their convictions civil A political disabilities that were He the lea rem rHeltss anl cruel tauso they wcro not cxpreHHcd in ;itten law. Men whona careers d characters should tlcvato their 'Siraunities have been under the J of political persecution and de ld their constitutional rights while elling by the lire aid and the iveaof their fathers. Today wo ;e thanks to the Qod of natur and s nations and , to bin Providence lch shapes our ends, for tho glo is fact that North Carolina has lared for freedom of thought, of Wh and of action; for toleration i respect for tho opinions of all for liberty, regulated by just equal laws. ' Xhero are many matters of do )tic concern which demand your sdughtful attention, such es the crease of the tas rate for the com fmou schools and improvements in their management; the establish ment of reformatories for youthful criminals: tho adoption of a system (pf vagrailt laws which, without Jcruelty or injustice, shall authorize (the arrest and commitment of the omeless young and ot tuo vaga- jonds and vagrants of tho streets nd highways: the adoption of system of apprenticeship by which he neglected young may be taken rom degradition and subjected to neful and levating control, the r.)tection of lawful and public lieotings against disturbances-; the investigation of the conduct of udges charged with drunkenness on bio bench; the extention of the crim- nal court districts so as to embrac nore counties and the establishment f an additional criminal district and the rotation of the3e iudeeF; ind the adoption of measures caLu ated to attact the immigration of Desirable persons in tho State. ELECTION LAW COMMENDED. By tho election law of 189," we Were rescued from the disgrace, deg radation and shame of a debauched Fallot and from thn methods that r i ii . ouiu nave rebuitea in tuo perma- ent failure of free government and ould have degraded us to the level f the riot-ridden Democracies of entral and South America bat r the fact that our peoplo rose in volt against them and their au- lors, drove the usurpers trom ower and declared that knavery hoald be supplanted by honesty. Imong the best features of our iresent election law is that which ;ives to judges of higher courts a lupervisory power over election Cill ers and gives summary remedies o compel the execution of the law. ur Supreme court judges have lib- rally construed this law in favor or astice and have struck terror among alefactors who hoped to evade it. Their jurisdiction ought to be ex- couragd &cd f nl&rged. The policy of every judicial nyaUru sbooid be to prevent the commitision of wrong With the centuries looking down upon a? incf the law was given 'thou fah&li" and thou shall cot," we should havo pased the period when a complainant could be toll from the judgement neat "you have ihown that the defendant i about to wrong yon, but you must wait until he does it and then get compensation. " TO err I-OU.S EXPENSES. Tho condition of the State Treas ury is euch ai to dfinnnd the ruoet severo economy in all departments of the State government. This is an exigency which should be faced and not evaded. The expense of the State government outside of the peniten tiary and agriculture department havo increased frm abont 229,000 in 18S0 to $1S2.000, in 1HJ() and tV27,0(t0 in lb. Tuis is an in crease in expense of 110 per cent in ten years, and 17.0 per cent in six teen year?, while the increase in wealth in ten years was only 4" per cent, and in sixteen years only 05 per cent.The property of the State has been and is taxed to about the limit of reasonable endurance. Is it not clear that tho only remedy U the re duction of public expenditures? Thero miht be a Favinp in tho abo lition cf the Agriculture Bureau, but fur the fact that it is supported by a fund which cannot bo directed in the State.Treamry for general pur poses without involving grave con stitutional question?. By the aboli tion of the Bureau of Statistics and of tho Geological Bureau, there can be saved by tho S a'e abut , andbyclo.s! scrutiny of all appro priations in all departments our ex penditures may be considerably re duced. LYNClirNus AND ilOU.S. When tho Legislature adjournp the word bhould go out to the world that the crimes called lvEchings must bo stopped in North Carolina. The way to end it ia plain. Remove the excuse for it. It is no justifica- tended so that the judges should :have unquestioned authority to Supervise all the election officers and ssue proper and summary process to compel a compliance with the aw. Much fraud and confusion ould be avoided aad greater cor- ainty effected and expenses in elec- lon contests saved by ptovlding hat all ballots should be number- tion to say, what is not denied, that in many cases the victims deserve what they get. Barbarons brutes who commit nameless crimes must be killed. But let it be done under the forms of the law. Let there be none of the law's delay. Give the execu tive power to eall a court instanter; order the judge by telegraph to the county of crime. Try the criminal: if proper for an appeal, convene the appellate court on shortest possible notice, send down the judgment and instantly perform its mandates. Scarcely a case of mob murder of n guilty culprit has occurred wnertiii he would not havo been convicted by judge and jury. In most cases the JyuchiEffs navo bt en attributable to a spirit of lawlessness. The only reasonable excuse that can be offer ed is in the failure or the delay of the law. Make the law so that there can bo no delay and no reasonable apprehension of failure. Provide better remedies for the prosecution of criminals who take the law into their own lawless hands. Author ize their indictment and trial in counties removed from their icllu ence and put them on trial before juries who believe in order and law. THE BENEFIT OF RAiLROADS. a regulation or fetate and in ter stato commerce by common car riers is among the most important and far reaching questions of the day. North Carolina derived more material benefit in the last fifteen years from railroad development than from any other one source. We should not forget that however prof itable these investments my have been to non resident capitalists, we also have been and are their bene fi siarie s Their investments in those properties should ba protected by our laws and by a public sentiment that frowns upon all attempts to make prejuhce against them be cause they are supposed to be rich. State, municipal and corporate promises made to them for the pur pose of obtaining expected benefits to us should be sacredly performed. w e will not encourage, sanction or countenance financial repudiation in any form. Kailroads, while their earniEgs and profits belong to their owners, ar the servants of the public and under our system of government are subject to governmental control The time is approaching, if it has not arrived, for the adoption of a policy which without wrong to their owners shall look towards the con version of them into public high ways, owned and controlled by the nation. While we admit our obliga tions to those whose enterprise and capital have constructed and bet tered them, we must always insist upon just the strict enforcement of their obligations to the public Against vigorous opposition we have created a railroad commission Its niie without application to the Lz-ulatare- It was made without da discusfion or submitsion to the peo ple of the State, all of whom vera iutereatexl becau tc railroad it their 'property. It was roads ix years before the txUticg Iea ex pired. It was made aUtautiily by one man and that man the Gov ernor of the State, who aettd with out the advice of their representa tives. It was made, so far at the people know or believe, without in viting competition among the bid ders. It was made under circum stances which indicated intentional secrecy. It was called a lease. It was in reality an attempted sale of this property belonging to the tax payers without consultation and without their advice or consent. In deed, it wa done when they did not even suspect that it was contem plated. NOT A LEASE BCT AX ATTIM l'TED PURCHASE. Tho so-called lessee, the real at tempted purchaters, of this railroad are members and owners of a cor poration which belorgi to another State. They seek to own and con duct and operate this great high way without asking the consent of the State which built it and which owes it. When the State under takes to complain of this transac tion in its courts this foreign cor poration will deny their jurisdic tion and attempt to remove the complaint to the Federal courts. It is within your power, gentlemen of the Sc-rate aad House of Represent atives, to provide, by law, that no foreign or non-resident corporation shall hold or operate any railroad within this State, by lease, purchase or otherwise, except upon a license to be granted by i?uch court, com mission, officer or tribunal as you may designate, and that no snch li cense shall be granted power to the effect that the examination has been made and that the control, operation and management of such railroad by a foreign or non-resident corpor ation is not prejudicial to the inter est of the State. And yoa have the power further to provide for the revocation of any such license by the granting power; and you have the further power to say by your law that any cr every such license shall be revoked as to any such non resident corporation which shall at tempt to remove from your courts any ca?t tj which it may be a party. It is believed that the lease claimed by this foreign corporation is ultra vires and void find it would be so held upon the merits by our court of last resort. It is submitted that it is your duty to cract such measures as are best calculated to bring up this question for speedy determination in your own euurts aud prevent its rf uioyal to any other jurisdiction. Mm " THE WORK OF THE-LEGISLATURE. Mmj Billi cf i Locil Nal are In troduced in Both BnEchei Some IaporUnt Ones. MUCH SICKNESS PREVAILING' df Mor-slag I UI 4af ! To Ealialst tho -Orl 0rm -To AMlfaal Art of "1 Kpolo4. HON. W E. FOUNTAIN, THE NEW STATE CHAIRMAN OF THE PEOPLES PART V Last week Hal W. Ayer tendered his resignation as State Chairman of the Peoples Party. This course was taken to conform to the require- mecxs fi me estate constitution, that instrument providing that no citizen snail noiu two omces, and the State chairmanship of any party being, un der the present election law, a State office. ihe resignation or Mr. Ayer was accepted, and Dr. Cyrus Thompson and Lapt. A. S. Feace were constituted a committee to draft resolutions concerning the connection of Mr. Ayer as chairman, with the Peoples i arty. The central committee then as chairman. Mr. touitam has a heart full of love for humanity, and while he couia eas iy assume the role of oppressor, his earnest wish is to see the pooplc all the people enjoy the fall meed of hope, prosperity and hap- elected Mr. W. E. Fountain, of Tarboro, MXTH tAY-1iaJkIA JAM. tttfc. OBOt. The Senate met at 10 u) pursuant to i?. adjournment, Lieut-Governor Udughlon prtaidicg-. rraverwas cffertHl by Ktv. Mc Neil, Senator from Wilkea. The journal of Monday was read and approved. The following bills and resolutions were then introduced and referred to proper committee: By Mr. McCatkey, a bill to estab lish a reformatory for young criminals. By Mr. Smathers, a bill to prevent delay in the trial of criminal actions. By Mi. Rollins, a bill in relation to the registration of physicians. By Mr. Butler, a t i 1 in regard to railroads. The committee cf conference made a report stating that they had agreed to have "00 copies of the Governor's message printed. The report was adopted. The following bills and resolutions were ratified: An act to provide for the counting of the, votes of State officers and to carry out the provisions cf Article piness deeigned for them and which would be theirs but for the repression II . of the Constitution. auu oppression exercised Dy onyiocK greed and monopolistic rapacity. JUr. fountain is a typical citizen and a representative and influential business man. He has been and now is a most notent factor in the devel- uyujoui mm auvaucemem or, ine section in wnicn ne lives, lie has been a cit'zen of Tarboro for thirteen years and for that time the town is indebt ed more to him fonts advancement than anv other. Throncrh his nrocres- sive and public spirited energy numerous valuable enterprises have been esiaoiisnea. provide index of the Senate and and Mr. TIIE LEASE He organized the Tarboro Cotton Factory and for a lonir while, and until it was successful, was one of its directors. He organized the new "Bank of Tarboro" earlv in 18!)." and was elect ed vice-president ot that institution. He IS Secretary-treasurer of the "West Tarboro and Imnrovement n tympany." Mainly through his efforts the Tarboro tobaoeo market was oneried last fall. He is manager of the express and teleeraDh office and owns and oner- ates the telegraph line from Tarboro to Washington and Greenville. tie has been elected mayor of Tarboro eight times and is the origina-1 Governor Doughton announced tor of all the leading enterprises that have been established there dnrinir tht th Satiate wnnbl nrocc.il in the past ten years. a boav to tho House where the He is a man of unimpeachable integrity and believes that Christian tA for the Governor and Stte cfli influences should be exerted in polities and that only true, pure and hon- cera would be opened and e fficiallv A. - 1. lit . . i . ...... w .1 vki uivu miouiu db intrusted witn the resDonsibilitv of rmblic office and .minted government. He is a man of fine business and intellectual ability, prepo I After the Governor had delivered sesting in personnel and ot a happy, genial and amiable disposition. hi inannral mblrena the Senate re- TT ' 1 -: , i i i a i . i . -.. 1 D 110 13 a uusmess man, oui Deueves inai Dusiness prosperity is more fr I aired to the Senate chamber. Sen- A resolution to books fort tie clerks and House. On motion the following Senators were added to the Standing committees: Insane Asylum Mr. Baker. Agriculture Mr. Patterson. Education Mr. Henderson Mr. Maxwell. Railroads Mr. Person. Corporations Mr. Yeager Mr. Weedbee. Printing Mr. Moye. Leave of absence was granted Earnhart. The hour for the inaugural cere monies having arrived, ijieui.- tattoa ! avJ l f t C4 of Nt t Ct4t rlBtir la Jivrov. Mr. hattoa. srBtW( frtf rorporatiovs frost dotar Wmm &r vitiott !asrrai Ntrtat oi.aa, to rs) ektt 11". 4 li3 Uwaof lVJS.rlatc.to tao a poiataivtt of tv titrm mmtm ra aad praut tao poofi im UI flv;'tfa&d te bwtdrd iadtt cms of CaaiUrUad raty u aWl ub xbm art rtnaff a4t4t to t ' stattatrat of Utir tapta- rtoa Mr. i'ba&ia, to auad law of iSV'.. Mr. Has sr, to ptovida a aiaaa to toabU aev oaatockaec i aa (after VO days ootico tba ccatt eaa mat caasa)- Mr. l'tr, to rxra.it dpaly te( tstera of dxds to issaa Kamaf li-eenso. i&rpaati aaBoa&ed tbat ia adTrtrotly ha bad aaaoaarod tba eommitte on invratiaticc ibt charfea of brtbary ia coBaartioa with tba Senatorial Cgbt b for tba bill had paasd it tbird r4iaf . It was recalled, put upon its third read ing, and passed onanimoualy. A resolution to print ifO copies of the Governor's Message .was adopt ed. Promptly at coon tba Senate, with L'.ent.-Governor loughtoa at tba head, entered tba Houso ot Rep resentatives, and ware aaated. Tba Lieut. ( jverntr called tba jtnt session to order, and directtd the principal clerk of tba Senate to rail the roll of the Senate. Forty five Senators were present. .The principle Clerk of the Hons then called the i ioll,of jtbat body. One hundred and twelve were pres ent. The Lieut.-Governor appointed Senators AtwaUr and Anthony as tellers on the part of the Seoat. The Speaker appointed Metsrs'X'ook, of Warren, and Nelson, of Caldwell, as tellers on'.the.part of the Mouse. It was 2:4. p. to. before all tba - All APEAL TO TDE POPULIST. Bj Cc&BitUf&a T7tilbri -AifocUtsa CeafertfcM cf Utlm-BtfftB Fm cupu, omion or silver roRcta. Oftooo. VitM m va a Srii-l.iTTO SOVEREIGN 1'DWtK. But whether this ninety-nine year i v. : ,1 1 1 il il legal merits existing at the time of tS1 dfcPe,?dent ?n legislation affecting business, and accepts as a truth the Utor Smathers, of the inauguration its consummation, it is to be remem- J e.ff'rsnian axiom ' 1 ou c legislate adversity or prosperity upon your- committee, presented Mr. Reynolds, bered that this fore crn corporation " . . . . wno naa been declared elected lieu obtained and accepted it and claims ,mr: ountam s . man w&o takes no step unadvisedly; and if there tenant Governor, and Mr. Doughton a riffht to own and ODerate this rail-1 ua . ? . lU11- mey xiave no time to give to ine in- gracefully turned over to mm the road, not by virtue of any North 7"'Jfn ot legislation affecting business, the best thing they can do is Kavel. Mr. Reynolds said d to correspond with the number benefits are apparent and oufirht to I the poll list. This would promote be admitted by all. To it we are in- he secrecy of the ballot because it 'would then be deposited without be ting looked at and the poll list should J be certified, closed and sealed before J the counting of the ballots. Pro- I vision, should be made to prevent the failure of election because of the loss of registration or other books. OUR-1CDICIAL SYSTEM. In 18G3 oar system of civil judi cial procedure was revolutioned by the amalgamation of the law and the equity courts. This change, then violently denounced has stood the test of experience and is now gen erally admitted to have been a great and lasting reform. Yet much of has deoted lor the regulation and in many cases the reduction of traffic rates and to the excellent services which is given by most of the rail roads n our State. The passen ger rates which prevail in our State seem not to be unreasonable, it is questionable whether at this session of our Legislature there should be any Carolina statute, but under an nn written rule, which is known to law yers as the comity of States and na tions. This unwritten rule, where- ever it preva;l?, is always subject to revocation by the local sovereign. In this case you are the sovereign The State may at any time decline to extend this comity. This so-call ed lease was taken subject to the sovereign power. The lessees can not be allowed to say that they have acquired vested rights under ing laws and thus put themselves beyond the power of the State and within the protection of that clause of the Federal Constitution which prohibits a State from impairing the obligation of contracts. This con tention is no more tenable than would be that of a domestic corpora tion which would say that the State cancot repeal its charter granted un der the State Constitution, which ex pressly reserves the right to amend or repeal all charters. Thi3 foreign corporation derives it3 right to op erate a railroad within our borders by what is substantially a license from the State granted under an un written law. Every one of our home railroads derives its powers and fran chises under a written license, that is, its charter, as to these, the Legislature may revoke the license by repealing the charter. If it can not revoke the unwritten license then it has come to this; that foreign corporations may come upon our soil and exercise these great powers and franchises without our consent and thereby obtain important privileges which are denied to our own people REPF.AL PARALLELING CHARTERS. It is most important that the North Carolina railroad should not be ciippled or its value impaired by per mitting any corporation or person to parallel it by the construction of any line, or or one mile of railroad which would connect existing lines so as to have a connection through the State, competitive to our own. If there be any char ter heretofore granted by our State which permits this to be done, it should be promptly repealed lou are invited to adopt any ana all measures within your compe tency looting towards the recovery of this property for the benefit of to iouow ine lead woi this representative business man who has taken time for that purpose, and try to help him restore prosperity to this coun try ana people. frequently legislative lobbies swarm with concealed and hired represen tatives of corporate and other inter ests who seek to promote or prevent measures in which their concern is pecuniary. These men are fre quently trained politicians and law yers. They represent 6ne side, and exist- often the side that is antagonistic to the real welfare of the State. The people have no lobby. These old bearers of burdens the common people, are never heard except through their selected representatives. THE GOVERNMENT OF CITIES. Our present county government law gives expression to the popnlar will and representation to minority. Councils nd matters of local con cern are ignored in the strife of party men for. party rewards. This General Assembly will be called on to deal with the management of towns and cities. There should be no attempt to avoid the necessity of protecting the tax-payers of these municipalities against the danger of misrule by propertyless and ig norant elements. We want no Tam many Hall governments in North Carolina. laws and practices should be aban doned. But if this free tuition is confined to those who cannot rav. where is the harm to the denomina- hope always for your kindly assist tionaf colleges? The limited nnm- ance in making tho duties of the of Lieutenant Governor Kaf cold's Ppotch. Senators: In assuming the duties of presiding officer over your dis tinguished body, I do so with the single purpose in view; to know your wishes and serve you to tbat enst to the best of my ability and I shall IMMIGRATION SHOULD AGED. HE ENCOUR- There is reason to hope the in dustrious and thrifty people of other States and of Europe may be attracted to us. Let ns labor to show them a State with a school system like those of New England and the Northwest, and a code of just and equal laws so administered as to make life- and person and prop erty as secure and peace and order ber of these free students does not add appreciably to the expense of maintaining the university, it is about that much pure gain to meri torious young men without entail ing taxation on anybody. Neither does this State aid subtract mate rially from the efficiency of the pub lic schools. If given to them, it would extend them only one day and a fraction of a day each year. In this University we have a plant that represents about five hundred thou sand dollars. We cannot afford to throw away this propei ty. The con stitution forbids it. The memories, the traditions and the pride of our people revolt at the thought. The shadows and soil of Chapel Hill are sacred in thousands of North Caro lina homes. Whatever it may have been under political and social con ditions that are rapidly and perma nently passing away, it is nowl an institution that is popnlar in the highest sense of the word. It serves no class. Its benefits and blessings are not confined to any sect, but are open to all. It is no more compet itive to the religions and sectarian colleges than are the public schools to the private academies. Com plaints from denominational col leges should be heard with the de ferenee due to their authors, T?ho should be made to teel that ware joice in their growing prosperity. But the University is a part of the State and must be preserved, North Carolina has broken the as prevalent as in the States whose "Solid South;" hascome back to the ruling elements point with pride to the institutions, the manners, the achievements, the mcrality, the re ligion and the glories of the Puri tan. MORE PENSIONS FOR THE VETERANS' May we do a little more in the way of homes and pensions for the des titute survivors of the civil conflict 1 JNorth Carolina had her soldiers in L nion in fact as well as in form. We are proud of the great Republic and love its flag. We are thank ful for the decree of the American people that from our National capital Ambassadors to apologize for our domestic policies to foreign monarchs, and emissaries to other lands, with orders to pull down our nag, shall go no more. With our Fedeial Constitution amended so hntri nrmiao TVia natmnot. rrnirorii. th&t RTlC.h territory R8 we m&T herC- attemptcd a policy of rate reduction he People and the taxpayers of the ment cares for tnose wb0 0Ught for after acquire shall be excluded from in this particular. As to freight rates, there are evidences that they are excessive when compared with the enormous decline of the value of the commodities upon which they are levied. NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD LEASE. The State has a large, and what State. RATE CUTTING HELPFUL- "Recently the producers of the State have derived some benefit from the actual competition between two great railroad systems running through our State. Judging the future by the past, W6 must conclude . 1 .ll : c a. I .11 been preserved by the new. Not ought to be a controlling interest in ?.a " 5e"!?aLt? the least amone these in the doc- the North Carolina railroad. An at- r It ..r:r"V " trine that equitable remedies must tempt has been made to pass from be denied if here be an apparent le- the State its interest in this great mv Tiftnra pWu Vie f.ir Uronertv for what ia believed to be ine control or any railroad by any the prevention as well as the repara-1 an inadequate consideration. The tion of wrong. Wrong should be lease of ninety-nine years of all the prohibited and the remedies for their rights, franchises, and property,' prohibition should be ax easy and real and personal mixed, of this rail as universal as possible. No defen- road company to a foreign or non dant should be heard to say that he resident corporation was made with- should not be emoined or prohibited out the sanction of the Legislature or ot the people of the estate, it was made at a time when nobody ex pected it. It was made within a few months after the adjournment from the commission of an unlaw ful act because he can be held in damages or otherwise compelled to compensate. Actions of an equita ble nature should be sustained even in the absorption of one line by the other. Our 'laws should prohibit the control of any railroad by road, route, or system competitive to it, and especially by any road that run 3 in the same direction or connects with the same termini Much good may come from a statute carefully prepared and providing every practicable protection against evasion. THE PEOPLE HAVE NO LOBBY. Among the evils that beset honest legislators is the system of lobbying. of our General Assembly, ft was But let it be remembered that nn- its nig. As we advance in material wealth we should increase our ex penditures for the destitute and dis abled veterans of the armies of the i'n.m n-roA'aA vtatljv.. tV, n 1 I 1' FOSTER THE UNIVERSITY. Among the most important objects of our care is the State University. It is to be regretted that there is among some of the best people of the State a sentiment that does not sustain the ex isting law which gives an annual appropriation to this institution a sum which should be increased but for the fact that the condition of the State Treasury may not justify it. If there be anything in the State laws or in the management of the Uniyersity which gives, with State money, free tuition to persons who are pecuniarily able to pay and thus take from the denominational col leges students who would volunta rily help to sustain them, then such Statehood, except by the general concensus of the States, why should we not extend our National domain wherever on this hemisphere she in vitation may be! Why seek to check our advance to that world power which is our destiny 1 Westward the star of empire has taken its way from Persia to Greece, from Greece to Italy, from Italy to Spain, from Spain to England. Its resting place is here between the Lakes and Gulf, and the shores of the two frreat oceans the gem of the North Tern perate Zone, the land by its fertility and jailmate is best in all the world for the development of the highest human qualities; for the fruition of man's noblest aspirations. With the exoirinecentury looking back upon the errors and the ir lories of the past, let ns realize that: "We are living, we are dwelling, In a grand and awful time, In an age on ages telling To be living is sublime." fice as light as possible For my predecessor 1 will say tbat if I can avoid criticism and retain the esteem of this body and my fel low citizens as he has always done, I shall consider myself more than fortunate. I do not know that it would be be coming in me to call yonr attention to anv special line of legislation, but I may be permitted to hope that the course of this legislature will be such as to encourage immigration and invite capital into our State. When we think of the boundless wealth bidden in the storehouse of our Western mountains, the wasting energy of a thousand streams, our unrivaled woods, the Fplendid possi bilities of our Eastern gardens, our fisheries wonderful, though undevel oped, our magnificent climate and matchless scenery, what an oppor tunity is ours! Let us forget all party lines and remember that we are sons of North Carolina. If we do this we can give such a feeling of security to all kinds of investments, such hope and encouragement to labor, such an im petus to new enterprisea that will insure the opening of mines, the de velopment of our water powers, the improvement of our public roads, the building of railroads and turn pikes, and in fact will secure every kind and character of development that is possible in our State. Blessed as we are by heaven with such pos sibilities it is your province and I feel it will be yonr pleasure to make North Carolina a most inviting field to capital and the Paradise of the workingman. A part of this great work must be the encouragement and improve ment ot our tree scnooi system, un- il it reaches that point -when the humblest citizen can secure anr ed ucation tbat will fit him for any calling in the State. I will not detain you longer except to assure you that, 11 wisdom pre vails in your councils, you will see the beginning of such an era of prosperity as our people have never dreamed of, and for which your children's children will rise' up, and call you blessed and yom constitu ents will greet you on your return home with the plaudit of "Well done thou good and faithful ser vants." Mr. Smathers then introduced the! following resolution: Resolved, That the Senate extend to the retiring Lieutenant-Governor Doughton a vote of thanks for his ruling as the presiding counties were reached, ard tbea tbe vote was announced as it bad bean counted by Secretary of Slate. It would have taken the telleraeigbt hours to finish the count. Lieut. Governor Doughton, after announc ing the vote and declaring tbe sev eral officers elected, appointed as a committee on tbe part of tbe Sonata to escort the Governor and State of ficers into the hill Senatoi a Parker, ot Randolph, and Grant, and Messrs. Cooke, Dixon and Schulken were ap pointed by tbe Speaker. The newly elected e facers had been waiting for tbe completion of tbe count, in the State Treasurer's office, and the committee notified tbem that the committee was ready to receive them. Proceeded by com mittee, with Chief Justice Fairclolb, they marched into tbe hall of the -House of Representatives atd took their seat in front of and to the right of tbe Speaker's chair. They were received with manifesta tions of applause. Theoatbaof efflee were administered by Cbtef Justice Faircloth. Mr. Cbas. II. Mebane, theinew Superintendent of Publie In struction, was the first to take tbe oath. The oaths were then admin istered to the other officers, each signing his name in the book kept far tbat purpose. Tbe oaths were then administered to tbe other of ficers, each signing his name in tbe book kept for that purpose, in tbe following order: Hal. W. Ayer. State Auditor. Cyrus Thompson, Secret aiy of State. Wm. II. Worth, State Treasurer. Zb. V. Walser, Attorney-General. Chas. Reynolds, Lit u. -Governor. Daniel L. Rursell, Governor. eEVKNTH DAT. SOBBt The Senate met at 10.30. Lieutenant-Governor Reynolds in tbe chair. Prayer by Senator V tley. The following bills and resolutions were introduced and referred. Mr. Clark A bill to establish reasonable rates on railroads, tele graph and telephone line; also a bill to establish a uniform standard on time in North Carolina. Mr.' Asbbonrn A bill to amend the school law of the State. Mr. Hyatt A bill to amend sec tion 1005 of the Code in regard to penalty for carrying concealed weapons. Mr. Anthony A bill relating to crop liens. Mr Scalet A resolution to fur nish the Senate with the Cede. Mr. McCarthy A resolution al lowins- the iadiciarv committee a clerk. The following additions were made to standing committees: Mr. Geddy, insane asylum; Mr. Dixon, public roads; Mr. Sharp, cd ucation; Mr. Leazar, insane asylum. Mr. Anderson made a report for committee on corporation. Under a suspension of tbe rules a bill to incorporate Wills Bank in Wilson county was taken up and passed on second reading. Leave of abienee was granted Mr. Yeatrer. Tbe Senate adjourned till o'clock tomorrow. Heat. At 11 o'clock the House met. Rev. Dr. Dixon, of Cleveland, rffering prayer. The fallowing bills were intro duced: Mr. Dixon of Cleveland To eatab- lee rrta i-Mt-ri trt SV CSoeeaa M ! b ravty e tSo Stow Bill rMf. We ait la hm eoasr-atala44 as tbe growth o( ear fart a4 Ue feel taal la tbe tee-ret tUeftos stesxlt halt rut vortsarr Tt ttn ia dorsad sa ecb ( ear H1 forte- No parly ever aci4 as ra ll.aet sacoaas In sa brief a ttsaa. A t Wag baadieapped ia tie lata aapeig a. we emerge fir as t. retteet rraovaaa tm stsa. Oar pert aloaa has avoticg fovea larger tbea tbat wbich ebrwj L aeola eel ea able, effective r fores freeeef aeer ly two tboBsaaa papers. Wee!ot avaral trovers rs aa veil aa bee dreds of olbr Hia'a. aoaety. et4 town finals Wo bold tba bslaaao of power iotb I ai'od htatee boa ate aad bare loer liases as aaaey ConfTCMSBea as eter before. Wa soiled with tbe silver fote-e ia tba recont eaoapalf t bo cauaa we believe f roe rot a ago of sti ver is tba eolattoe of tbe taeaeteJ problem, but beeese it waM bot ter existiog eotditioaa. veeM saoot with tbe less. rtUtaeee a4 bo coma tba eaterteg adga far ear mam issae, alt . rail legal teeaor paper money, issued aed tosreUte-t by tbe govern meat alone. Hatieg proved our loyalty at tba polls, aro are free to act soparately es aa teas ed lines and to advocate. We oaa not in honor lay dots oar arete aad oeaae onr activity until tbe war for which we enlisted has aided la vic tory for oar cease. The Democrat is party proposes ta continue the sil'tr fifbt. Two for ties cannot exist on tbe aaase isaee. Tbe greater absorbs tbe ass alter. Therefore, if wa remain mere cassp followers of another party, disinte gration will result. or nerty ass erts AL"VB forcod tbe Democrats to adopt the Chicago platform aad nominate a pop-crat for Praaidenl. Convert a mad by party rrgalarily cannot be I ratted with tbe reforms ef the future. lKMOCKOTS Tlllll.1 tSMilK Mrt' UkI m. While c bail man of tbe Chi-sge branch of our srutive Committee during tbe eaait-aifo, ray contact with tbe chairman ef Demoeratie State eonamitUee revealed te me the fact tbat in many rseee tbey were more assions to lrt their State tickets atd a boor b tbe Pepn lists than tbey were for tbe saeeeee of Bryan end tb Chicago platform, but this does not apply to tbe rheii man aad officers of tbe National committee. We are not Democrats and coa not be classed as sncb. Wa simply nitcd for a single campaign. Tbe Democratic party is bat tbe rear guard of onr own. We do aot stand for redemption money, but for a scientirii dolltr, kept inva riable by proper regulation of the money volume. Then why should a high school graduate reenter the intermediate s-rad? Oar grandest achievements are ia tbe fat are, if we inspire tbe people through aep aiate party action with oar chief issues, and hold onr foreee together bj taking the lead which belongs ta ns in pressing fo snccrss tbe reforms of the day. The millions of converts to silver during tbe recent eerapeign mi at advance. Tbej will not remain where they are. We must edaeete them op to the main issue, ana the time to do it is now, not just before a Presidential election. We must alee hold tbe Democratic party to its pre sent rosit ion or compel it to ad vance. sxfji rate actio roreto. History teaches tbat to achieve conservative results, a radieal posi tion must be taker. The snbstit alien of onr msin plank for a subordinate one, as tbe flthting issue of the next four years is in line with the best sentiment of onr petty aad re q aires bo change of front, ao aban donment of principle, no new plat form. Tbe main army merely moves np to oacupy the position held by the skirmish line. President Cleveland supplies ns wish frrsh incentive for renewed ef fort, in hi effieial demand for the retirement of tbe arreenbeveks and tbe tsene and control ot paper mon ey (except com eervifieatee) by tbe banks. Senator saf says this should be msde aa tsene by the H 12 publicans, and advocates the sabeti- tnuonox tmra owm svwb, siz able ia gold, for the gjetfneaaks. Hera we have a living issaa with both wings of the gold foreee, which brings onr main question ta tba frontShall tbe paper money of the country be issued aod regnlated by the people or by the baaksf This luh the North Carolina K-Torm wui precipe- s-i . " achool gross that w ll focus public atten- Mr. Sutton, cf Combenlend-To tion upon the relative menta ofi sei require foreign corporations doing eatifie and redemption money, wmtaa business in this State to Uke ont li- will become the abeoabiag qaeaosj cense; to repeal the stock law for of the day; just as the ??" certain partsof Comberlend. ment followed the mlrer Mr. Petroe To make guardians, year ago. and will afford oar aemti administratora and exeentors who neU in Congress an opportunity to ..a. i:.v.i rr mm", maosnra the true altitude of tba Ctl- mis.ppror-1.-", - --1T rv. ..4 H .MUasi lenders, on aa issaa vital ta nx nartv and the welfare of onr eonn- try. and to determine to trhat extoat onr recent auies con oe be z element. Mr. Hancock To incorporate the Mntnal Aid Banking Company of Newberne: to incorporate grand lodsre No. 1. Dr. Dixon's bill in regard to the oPa- Again, the xaei iaat tho raOreai. impariu.i ruling as me presiding i . i. officer of the Senate, and extend to " ilJ-Zm Tf taleerapb. and telephone eoopaaiee Vthrnl nlTpwvidM for a booam. the williag tool, of $10,000 appropriation for each raea a campaign MmBV " L the first two Tears; provides for recent Ration Mate the purchase of from 300 to 600 acres with JWther JL'JSrof of lsnd for farm purpoeea. . &iJW&i There waa soma discussion oitne K.rr' .vJ "v. m. Rnrtm- of Camber-1 a free people eo long aa they aaa re nxuizea ui wrws" to him the best wishes of the It was seconded by Senators Ram sey and McCaskey, and adopted by a rising vote. BOCSK. Prayer offered by Representative Green. iBtrodactioa of Bills. Mr. Lusk, to incorporate the Bilt more Street Railway and Transpor land, providing that each Monday ii (Continued on third ) (Oanttanad on ts at ! V -4)

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