RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER '21, 1899.
111 H JOIN! DEBATE.
Declines to Meet Bourke
Ccc1- ran on the Trust Issue
KICKED ABOUT THE PROGRAM,
Mi firailv. After a Personal Intcniew
w.th Hie Yorker, Was (iiven His
. "u ' Ii
r i hi'.iJi
' fit : !
. III., Hpnci il.Th" exciting
I;u!trl for Friday night.
Win. .1. Bryan and Bourke;
nil tru.-ts, did not take place.
Mil -ic 1 1. ill wua parked with
.hi !i r f . but in? people pres-
i ditftit themselves wiithout
." 'if tho fa mom NVbraskan,
a. .. r. ( ci iipifd a seat on the
! I: , in i f.u he I Central Music
!l r;v in lh evening. He went
m' ! i .i mini upstairs, where he
1 'i iv thilrman Franklin
t'n .--man Gaines. Ralnh M
K I'tnl dt)nr members of the pro
i tii n i mtntnittre of th rivll federa
i.nii i . ii f ! ii t-f on 'trusts. Bryan tur
,i; -.1 : ;: itnmitten by declining to
-imI i: ii'' night session with W.
H Hi- U ran. In accordance with
n' , il:i -.i i,i t ii o previously arranged.
II'' ; ii :'"l Ii" did not wish to W
! M' iniM i si.imi no out that he was to
niNi ;ii 'i ;i didiate with Mr. Cockran.
I'm :!i, ii ia in, die said, hp would not
fp. ik v.i ii Mr. Cockra.n at tho same
" --I' i 'ih- committee withdrew to
;.ll '- i i'i two orators to settle the
iH'.,ii, ii aiiioti'jt themselves. Mr. Cock
i.im w, ii rd to talk at the fame session
ni i tin' no. i"l Ncbrasknn. find of
l' " in ili;i a coin to determine who
-;:i i''I Iiim- t!if privilege of delivering
t.i rlo-itig ;i'iilrrs .
Mr. Hi. vim would not aceppt this
.:np'i..i;i;in. Mr. Crrrkran then agreed
'i ii;mrii' ;.t any time Ihe committee
i1' Mi 'I. The programme was then
iliiiiucd ti mset Mr. Bryan's wishes.
y,.:. Hryan snirt lie wan anxious to ad-lirr-s
t!i" i oiiferenee, and claimed that
his only reason fur changing the pro
gramme Mas to avoid any indication
if a public del'a'e with Cockran. Mr.
Hryan sp.-ke at Saturday's session.
Sm'cj S ripes for R. & 0. Railroad Men.
Tlnri' ;!' many uniformed cm
pinyrs of the Il.iKimcre and Ohio rail-
r ::nl who have spent the better part of
lii'ir lives with he' (ompanv, but
V"vy few people are aware of their
I'Tth or service and devotion to duty
f ':': lias niailo them valued meu. Vi:o-
I'.f-i'ini: and llnn-nil Manager ITn
I'i'wiDil w K 1 shortly issue an crder.
In.viding for servlw ctripes for the?
ri'ti, t!:;it fue pr.Mic may know of
tir f.iltlifulne--s and ability. A gold
.'fvi);" will mean Ave years of service.
anit :i yiher wtriiie two years. Pome of
tip Halt itnore and Ohio conductors
vill Ii,. rnUfk I to from seven to nine
(-' ! fdnpc'S. The company will al'o
f'atnicii conductor, brakemen and
li.-SiiKemcn of ti',1 plashes, with badges,
i that t'iry may b? e.isily distinguish
" ui:.-e uniainuiar wir.h the ser-
four New Case in New Orleans.
v' Orleans. Li., Spacial. Ther?
wri'o f ,,. nrw paj, nf yeiiow fever an-
n nn -1 by tho State bonrd of health
Tui-il.iy. No deaths were reported
A' a ni-'fting of the board it was de
"vniinrd not to quarantine again?t in
'" l points. There would be no rea
on f;;- surh a course now, inasmucb
a Mississippi has pretty generally
(i,-rl her doors asuint this city, ar.J
and Alabama are bent on main
,;'iii:u: tlirir quarantines. There have
lr,,:i fiiiy seven cases of fever h?re al
;' "' tlmr and the ity was never In bet
Mi l.ilo .Mi.. Special. Henry Gard
" ' '. fi r.egro IS years old was lmngei
''"i '"Milay. fcr assaulting a white lrl
linni-r ten years of age. The crimu was
'"Mmltted last June. When the trap
f U (iardr.e r's weight snapped the rope
""'1 he fell heavily to the ground
lv i,.ly minutes later lie was again led
t the gallows and executed.
''nylon. Ga., Special. Henry Dtlc
fc-d. colored, was acaultted In the Ef
fi'Uham Court of the charge of mini
"al ussaiilt nnnn n. white woman in Mc
Into county. This wa3 the affair out
' which grew the Dari'en riots. Argu
intts cf the attorneys were made at a
i,f0 hour last night, and the Jury re
nniwM locked tip until noon Friday,
"fipn a verdict cf not guilty was re
turned. The cases of Edward and Ma
lnila Delegal, charged with being ac
THforles to the murder of Sheriff
fwrnrend, were begun In the after
n(!on. These are the last of the Daricn
5 c n I eySti 1 1 ToSa iTt he Se a s .
Washington. D. C., Special. Some
time ago Admiral Schley applied to
th? Navy Department for sea service.
At present he is head of the Tetlrlng
ward. The Navy Department has now
Rnnted the request and has notified
liim to hold himself In readiness for
r,'u- He has been assigned to com
n,"nd the South Atlantic station, and
ae department is about to take steps
to make the command commensurate
xv'th hh rank by Increasing eonsider
ah'y the number of vessels on tho
Artillery Returns to Fori Monroe.
Newport News, Va., Special. The
'wo batteries of artillery traneferr-d
'lorn fy, t Monroe, at the outbreak of
""i yellow fever, to Plum Island, ie.
ll'i-ned to their old quarters at the fort,
Tn'irsday. They came down oil the
The Pope'i Illness.
London, by Cable. A special dls-Po-teh
from Rome eaya the Pops ii saf
r'ln( from a cold, unaccompanied "by
lfV"r. but. u v. precautionary meas
". hij aadteccej hv bfren diaccatla-
ANOTHER NEW COTTON MILL'.
Urr Manufaclurinr Plant to Be Located
at Mount Pleasant.
Another new cotton mill was granted
articles of incorporation by the aec:?
tary of State. The "Tuscarora Cotton
Mill" Is the name of this latest tnUr
PMKe. Its location is Mount Pleasant,
Cabarru.s county. The amount of tap-
.!. bi.h u oi me mill is 130,000, and
may be Increased to 1100,000. The in-
orporators are: L. J. Foil. J. W. Can
non, Paul Barringer and A. N. Ja.r.es.
rhe annual meeting will be held the
second Tuesday in Se idem her. Th
business propped is the manufacture
and sale of cotton, cotton goods, yan.s,
nread and woven cotton, silk or linen,
ither spun or woven. Within a radius
of seventy-five miles of the site cf the
great Yadkin river power plant now
icing building there are at piesei;l no
c'mb than eighty-three cotton mills
alone, to which power could be sup
plied. Rome of there mills use water
now, and are situated on qher powers
almost all of which would admit of ir..
creased plants. Especially is this tir.a
of the Coolemee mills in Davie county.
now in course of erection, on the smith
Yadkin, where they have an available
hor.se power of several thousand. T.ic
Yadkin River company, which Is envt
Ing this power plant at the Narrows,
intends to erect an immense cotton
mill somewhere near the plant, to de
monstrate the efTicency and cheapness
of electric ty as a power compared wi h
After Colored Recruits.
Lie. tenant Settle yesterday received
orders to begin enlisting men for the
two colored volunteer regiments, the
Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth. The
Forty-eighth will be stationed at Fort
Thomas, Ky., and the Forty-nintri at
Jefferson Barracks, n?Ar St. Louis
Recruits can select either, but those
having no preference will b? sent to
Fort Thomas. These are the oniy
colored regiments to be raised and they
will probably be filled very quickly.
The recently appointed colored officers
of this State wil probably be assigned
to help recruit, and if so offices may
be opeued in Durham or Winston.
Graham's New Factory.
These are growing times, and the
Scott Mebane Manufacturing Company,
of Graham, manufacturers of overalls,'
have outgrown their quarters and have
neaily compleatcd a large two s'ory
brick factory, 75x130 feet. This busi
ness was begun only a few years lso
and the great success which ic has ut
shows what can be done in the old
Xorch State by men of the "get up And
The Presbyterian Synod of Noith
Carolina will convene in Asheville ov.
the 10th of October and will con
tinue its session for several days. It
is expected that about "00 delegatej
will attend the meeting.
Krwin Q. Houston has been appoint
ed postmaster nt Davidson.
Mr. W. II. Wade, who was di owned
at Wrights ville Beach on Saturday,
was a grandson of Chief Justice Mar
John F. Rowland, a prominent Re
publican of Rutherford county, has de
clared for the Constitutional Amcid
ment. The Rank cf Madison has opened its
doors with Col. J. M. Galloway as pres
ident. Wm. C. Ruff in as vice-president,
and J. O. Kagsdale as cashier.
The Albemarle correspondent to the
Charlotte Obescrver sys that Cal Fra
Icy was sentenced by the late court
to six years in the penitentiary for psr-
The suggestion that Mr. W. C. Felly
will extend his road, which is now be
ing built twenty miles beyond Carthagu
to Greensboro. It would give Greens
boro connection with the Seaboard Air
The Greensboro Record says that
since the SouthernRailway acquired the
northern end of the Cape Fear road,
the Greensboro merchants complain
that freight rates have gone up. Di
fore the purchase, the rate on tobacco
from a South Carolina point was 53
cents, and now It Is $. The Record
thinks this a case for the Corporation
A local option election was held re
cently in the township in Watauga
county in which Blowing Rock Js situ
ated, and resulted in a victory for i.he
drys by 6 majority.
R. Lieb. a native German, recently
living in Madison county, together with
a friend of foreign birth, has leased
two farms belonging to G. W. Muse,
adjoiiiing the well known R. L. f.
Jones farm on Hominy, and will as
sume control at once. It is believed
these gentlemen will carry on farming
in the most thorough style, having
had training in the old country, where
farming is dene scientifically of neces
sity Asheville Citizen-
"We Lee- of a peculiar accident ihat
befell a young man by the name of
Hayes, In Richlands townships Cold
swell county, last Tuesday. He was
harvestinsr buckwheat and stopped
work to rest, sitting on the ience, plac
ing the scythe and cradle - on tiie
ground Ei&arby with the edge of the
scythe up. By some means a rail on
the fence slipped and Hayes, to pre
vent falling, jumped, lighting on the
scythe, cutting through his shoe ai.d
into Ms foot to the bone.
A very peculiar case of hydrophobia
Is reported from Stanley county
About two years ago a dog, seemingly
in play , with Charles Little, a young
man who lived in Stanly county, drop
ped some foam on Little's hand. Sorea
broke out on his hand. The dog proved
to be mad. Some time ago Little
started to Albermarle, but after goins
a few miles refused to continue fur
4i,.ii T ater he became mad and was
carried to the hospital at Morganton
for treatment. The hospital physician
.uimr-sed the disease as a very plain
case of hydrophobia, and the young.
mb died in terrible agony last Friday.
Great Leader Denounces the Trust
THE STATE AND NATION
Should tnite to Make These Combinations
Impossible. Enthusiastic Listeners, and
Chicago, 111., Special. Central Musi
Hail, the scene of the Civic Federation
Conference on tru,ts and combinations,
was pocked from pit to gallery when
W. J. Bryan delivered his reply to W.
Bourke Cochran on the trust question.
Mr. P.ryan was introduced by Gov
ernor Stanley, of Kansus, who acted as
chairman of the open'ng session. Wild
-iipiausa greeted :ae Nebraskan. W. j
Bourke Ccehran listened intently and
Joined frequently in tihe applause. Mr.
Bryan spoke in part as fellows:
"Within two years more truvt hive
been ergzeized than in '.I'.ie previous
his tory of the country ami the people
now come face to face with this ques
tion: "Is the trust a blessing or a curse?
If a curse what remedy can be applied
to the curse?
"Monopoly in private hands i3 in
defensible from any standpoint and in
tolerable. I do not divide monopolies.
There can be no gocd monopoly in
private hands until the Almighty send
us angels to preside over us.
"There may be a despot wlio is bet
ter than smother despot, but there is
n gcod despotism. The defence of
the monopoly is always placed on the
ground that if you will allow people '.o
control the market and fix the price
they will be good to 'th3 people who
purchase of tlh&ni. The entire defence
of Fae trusts rests upon a rrjrney argu
ment. If the trusts will sell an article
for a dollar less 'tfean the article will
cost under other cc-nditions.then in the
opinion cf some that proves a trust to
be a good thing. In the first place I
deny 'that under a monopoly the price
will be reduced. In tihe secend place,
if under a monopoly the p:ice is re-
dured, tihe objections to a monopoly
from other Eland point 3 far outweigh
the financial advantage thit the trust
would bring. But I pretest against set
tling every question upon the dollar
' In the eiily yeavz of Lincoln's ad
ministration he sent a messae to Con
gress, warning his countrymen against
fae approach of monarchy. He said he
saw in the attempt to put capital even
upon equal footing with labor in the
structure of government, 'the approach
of monarchy. Lincoln was right.
Whenever you put capital upon an
equal footing with labor, or above la
bor in the .structure cf government,
you ere cn t-hs road to aid aovernnient
that rests not on reason, but on force.
"Xotiiiing is rnoie important than
that we s.ha!l, in t'iie beginning rightly
unclerstand the relation between mon
ey and man.
"Man is the creature cf God and
money is the servant of man, and I
protest against all theories thmt en
throne money and debase mankind.
"If you will go about the country
you will ree where people have sub
scribed money to establish enterprises,
and where those enterprises, having
come under the control of ithe trusts
have been closed up and stand ncrw as
silent monuments 'to the Sodom cf the
trus't system. In any case of local
S'trikes stju fires, tihe work goes on
elsewhere, thus preventing serious
"When a br;nch cf industry is found
in tiie nanas oi ore ci ine great, mo
nopolies so that every skilled man
must ro to one man for employment.
the one man fixes the wages as he
pleases anu tne lauoring men wm men
fi'.iare the suffering cf the man who
sells the raw material.
"I want to warn you 'tha't when the
mcccpoly hs absolute control, brains
will be ait a discount. We have not yet
had a taste cf a complete trusit. But
v.t'aen the trurt has rid itself cf all com
petitors what is g-cing to be the result?
Mv friends., ail you have to know is
human nature. Gcd made man sel
"On the farm we used to protect
property from the hogs by putting
rings ia their Eoses. Why? So that
while they were getting fat.they would
not destroy more 'than ithey were
"One of the great -purposes cf gov
ernment is to put rings in the noses
of hogs. If I were going to try to find
tihe root of the monopoly evil, I would
go back to the Bible for an explana
tion, and I would find it in the declara
ticn that the love of money is the root
of all evil.
"Falling prices, caused by a rising
dollar and the ihig'h tariff, have ccn
tributed to the desire to secure the
fruits of the monopoly.
"Some have suggested that to put
everything cn the free list that trusts
make would destroy the trusts. But
I do not believe that you could destruy
all trusts by putting all trust-made
articles on -the free list because if an
article can be produced in this country
as cheaply as it can he produced
abroad, then the trust could exist with
out the benefit of any tariff at al!
though it could not extort so much. We
cannot destroy monopoly until we lay
the axe at the root of the tree and
make monopoly impossible by law.
"Discrimination by railroads has aid
ed trusts. That can be remedied by
laws which will place producers on
equal footing. But the remedy must
be complete enough to prevent the or
ganization of a monopoly. We differ
more in remedy than we do in our
opinion of the trust. Few people wlli
defend the trust as a principle. As to
the remedy both State and nation
should concur as o these remedies. In
tie first place every State has or should
have the right to create any private
corporation which is conductive to a
welfare of the people cf that Suit. I
believe that we can eaiely entrust to
the people of a State the settleaivLt
of a question which concerns them. If
they create a corporation and it Lc
cones destructive of their best Inter
ests they can destroy that corporation
and W9 can (safely trust them both ic
create and to annihilate if conditions
make annihilation necessary.
"In the second piac-e the State hce,
or should have, the right to prohibit
any foreign corporation, from doii.g
business in the State, and it ought to
have cr impose such restrictions and
limitations as the people of the State
may think necessary upon any foreign
corporation doing business in the State.
I bel ieve in an addition of State letn
edy, but there must be a Federal rem
edy. "Congress has, or should have the
power to place such restrictions and
limitations, even to the point of pri
hibition, upon any corporation organ
ized In one State, that wants to co
business outside of the State contrary
to public good.
"I believe that thrse concurrent rem
edies will reach the difficulty, that the
people of every State shall first decide
whether they want to create a corpora
tion; that they shall, secondly, decide
whether they want any outside corpor
ation to do business in the State, and
if so, upon what conditions and thirdly
that Congrcca shall exercise the right
to place upon every corporation doini
business outside of the State in whkfc
it is organized, such limitations and
restriction.: as may be necessary for tb
protection of the public good."
TO SEE DEW'I Y.
Excursion Kates ty Ihe Seaboard Air Line
to the Spiendid Celebration.
The busbaDd f aid to his wife: "Dear, do
we no, or do we uot goV"
The good wife promptly replied: "Dewey !
Provided we go by the Seaboard Air Line.
Above all do not let the children miws the
great event. They will thank you, dear par
ents, in the years to come. Excursion rates
at one and one-third fares for the rouDd trip,
-all rail or by Norfolk and steamship llces.
Tickets on sale September 26:h-27ih, Kood
to return until October 5tb inclusive. Take
advantage of the cheap rates, brilliant
weather and perfect service of the Seat oard
Air Lino to the most stately pageant Df patri
otism of the century.
New Cars for the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.
Within the past 30 days the Balti
more and Ohio Eailroad has placed
several orders for new freight equip
ment to meet the excessive demand
for cars. The South Baltimore Car
Works is building 1,200 Baltimore aud
Ohio standard box cars, with all ir.od
ern improvements. The American Car
and Foundry Company has an order
for loO refrigerator cars and 10 im
proved hors9 cars have also been
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad has
only received 1,000 of the G.000
Schoen steel cars ordered sometime
ago, and when the remciniDg 5,000
are delivered, will have 6,360 cars to
add to the '15,000 now in use.
Ha&ins to Stop the
X raffle la Russia.
St. Petersburg Cor. New York
Times: In view of the International
Congress to be held in London at the
end of the present month for the dis
cussion of the beet measure to be taken
for the prevention of the "white slave"
traffic, the Novosti has lately been
publishing detailed accounts of the
manner in which this business i3 car
ried on in Russia. The trade has de
veloped1 to a great extent in the past
few years throughout Western Europe,
but the town of Jassy is its center.
The women are bought, particularly at
Leipsic, during the great annual fair,
but it is the capital of Moldavia, which
is the central point of the traffic, ju3t
a3 Khartoum was formerly the mar
ket place for the human merchandise
imported from Abyssinia and Central
Africa. From Jassy the merchandise
is directed to Russia and Turkey. Next
to Jassy, Brussels has become the most
important center for this business.
The white slaves destined for Russia
are generally sent to Riga or to Vilna,
where the wholesale merchants from
St. Petersburg and Moscow meet to
make their selections. These they
transfer at once to the principal cities
of the empire and to the remote prov
inces of Siberia. There wa3 recently
arrested in Odessa an agent of the
principal Russian "white slave" mer
chants, and at his residence a volumi
nous correspondence, with sub-agents
at Jassy, Brussels, Riga and elsewhere,
was found. Thanks to this edifying
correspondence, the Russian police as
certained that white slave agencies ex
ist throughout Russia, in rural dis
tricts as well as in the principal cities
and towns. In some of these letters
the sub-agents mentioned that they
had "exceptionally fine merchandise at
a relatively low price, five parcels (sic)
in all." Then there followed a detailed
description of the goods. The Odessa
agent in question has been exiled to
Siberia, where he will spend the next
ten years. From what I hear, the Rus
sian government considers the white
slave traffic as an international curse,
which can only be successfully eradl
cated by the united efforts of all civil
ized nations. It is well known that the
czarina is herself deeply interested in
Whence Came the Japanese
The people of Japan have shown
such adaptability to European ideas
that particular Interest attaches to the
conclusion of a writer In the "Transac
tions" of the Japan Society that the
ancestors of the present inhabitants of
Japan built the sepulchral chambers
called dolmens in that country. No
slmrlar dolmens are found anywhere in
Asia until the search comes westward
to the shores of the Caspian sea. "and
for more closely allied form it i3 nee
essary to go yet farther to Western
Europe." It is shown that the orig
inal inhabitants of Japan, the Ainos,
were driven out by invaders from
whom the present inhabitants are de
- Behavior Is a mirror fn Tyhlc! even
pet displays his iaaxa.
i mm mm
Bourke Cockran Leads the New
CHICAGO MEETING OPENED.
Not Half the Delegates Appointed Trcm
the Several Slates Show tp Strung
Chicago. III.. Speciil The con't
eme on the uses and abuses of trusts
and combinations began Thursday,
with less than half the delegates ap
polpted by the variom States in at-tc-.ance.
New York, headed by W.
Bourk Coc kran, and Wisconsin, were
nii numerously re.resenttd. The
lnieting tcok place in Central y.v.Mr
H-il. sno wa? called to order at 10:30
by Franklin H. Head, the tenipuiary
chairman appointed by the chic fed
eration, on ubo.se call the conference
was arranged. The delegates listened
to an address of welcome by Attcrney
General Aiken, of Iillnol-. representing
Governor Tanner, who was prevent 1
from appearing in person, by reason
of business affairs. Mr. Aiken was fol
lowed by Dr. Taylor who welcomed tho
delegation on behalf of Mayor Har
rison. With the progress of the speak
ing, it became evident that many of
the delegations had come whh firm
convictions for or against trade combi
nations. The speech of Mr. Wootea. of
Texas, delivered during the afternccti,
in which he hammered the trusts in a
merciless manner, aroused the wil iest
enthusiasm in the ranks of the labr
representatives ar.d the delegations
from many Western and Southern
States, while Easterners generally
smiled critically and kept their am;-;
folded. The attempt to round the some
what shapeless mass oi! delegates into
working form resulted in considerable
disorder. It was resolved, finally, that
the Civic Federation, through its
chairman, Mr. Head, should conduct
the meeting, and that a committee on
programme consisting of one man
from each State delegation and one
from each organization, national in its
scope, should be appointed. Los'al or
ganizations in attendance were given a
voice in the committee by being allow
ed to vote on the committeemen with
the delegation from their States. Th?
labor organizatons did not sure rec
ognition until vigorous speeches had
been made by Augu t Gans, rcyrrsent-
r.g the Knights of Labor, ar.d John W.
Hayes, also a Knight of Labor dele
The non-attendance of many dele
gates was not unexpected ar.d Secre
tary Easley announced that probably a
hundred of the tardy ones, incluiias
Governor Pingree, of Mieb'gan, v.uiM
be present at succeeding s?s.-io:
Among, those present were: W. Bourke
Cockran', Albert Shaw, of the Review
of Reviews; Governor Atk'.n-on. of
West Virginia; ex-Governor Foster, of
Ohio: Prof. John B. Clark", of Colum
bia University; Attorney General T. S.
Smoth, or Texas; r. p. Tanrber, of
New York: Prof. Henry C. A lams, oi'
the University of Michigan; Prof. J
W. Jenks, of Cornell University; Pro?.
jno. u. urooKs. or uamuri-ige, .'.lass..
lecturer on political economy in th"
University cf Chicago; Prof. Bremis;
Lieutenant Governor Jones, of Ohio;
Prof. R. T. Ely. of the University of
Wisconsin; Attcrney G3r.eral Smythe,
of Nebraska. Wm. J. Bryan was ab
sent .but it is believed he will appear
later in the conference.
Chairman Head delivered an ail ire;
in explanation of the call for the con
ference. Prof. Jenk3 followed with a
papsr under the caption. "Problems
Before the Conference."
The afternoon's session op:-ne.l with
a paper Dy rror. Aaams. cn tne same
subject cLs his predecessor. Mr. Jenks
These addresses were received atten
tively, but it remained fcr Dudley
ooten, of the Texas dleeation. to
stir up the enthusiasm of the camp-
meeting variety. He was frequently in
terrupted by cheening.
Brides Worth Having.
it costs only ?ioo tor a license to i,:o.r-
ry a Choctaw Indian woman, and i:p to
September 10 all white men who i;tcr-
mcrried with the triba v. ere entitle!
to coO acres of ground. The withdrawal
on the elate mentioned of this premium
on matrimony caused a great rnsd: ot
whits men tor Choctaw brides last
week, and none were too poor to raise
money for the license.
Will k'ru;er Back Down?
London, By Cable. A representative
of the Associated Press has learned
that the British message to the Tran?
vaal doc not demand a renlv in S
ncurs. tne exact wording ueirg a re
quest fcr an immediate reply." The
message is not an ultimatum in the
general sense of the word. It expresses
the hope that President Krttger will
accept the proposition to "relieve the
present tension." The only part which
is at ail aggressive, 13 the reiterated
declination cf the British government
to discuss the matter of sovcre'gnty in
any shape or form.
Two Americans in Trouble.
Maieklng, by Cable. Mr. MacArthur,
who was recently arrested at Zeerust,
in the Transvaal S3 a spy, ani sentenc
ed to a yeai'a imprisonment, claims to
be an American citizen. The Uci;
States consul at Kimberly is investigat
ing the matter. Mr. ElMs, his forner
companion, on being discovered 'at a
Boer meeting, in Lady Smith, was tar
red and feathered.
Cyclone Sweeps BeraiuJa.
island ot Bermuda, By cable. A cy
clone swept over this island Wednes
day nighL Houses were blown down
and others were unrccfed. The storm
raged the most of the night. No lives
were iost but heavy damage was done
to public and private property.fruit and
cedar trees. The cause way was badly
damaged. The stoma was the worst
known here binca the hurricane oi 1SS0.
In fact many cf the Inhabitants Eay it
exceeded the' gale. c4 l-"9 in violence,
STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSIIY.
Dp tli j treats all lecorjs From Tmt " e-f
"Hi UDiteoi'.y operd Mctklar IU
cn at'endance rait brnl all revo-d
tefene cr ino :u war. Four hua
dred aad . venu--n tudects had ro
istered by S!urlr afurnoon. TM
i a gala of eighty-two over liot ear
at this time, Rreit e ae numbe.
then a gain of twenty-fire per.-c
There are one 'hundred and nit .y-
seven new btudentu already retl.-tered.
rerrtsjiiUng eighty-rren ount.e.
eiee-n ;a.c and Japan. T-ire H a
notabit- increas? ia law and medic! n.
The men are well pivpaifj and eater
the regular ecurie reflecting great
credit on preparatory .&'.
The buildings are full and the town
is filling lanidlr. Th beautiful Cirr
building is idly u ?ded, and other
dormitories bide?. The picked youth
of the State are there, full of enhusl-
asm and readv to work. Kiery tiain
brings many more, and all next wcei.
tiho numbers wl'.l grow. All delayed
students should come on at once.
Nf f ro Girl k lied in Sal tbary.
Ada Bennett, a colored gill of about
1" jears of age, was shct and instantly
killed at Salisbury Saturday night by a
negro named Jo'aa Farro-. who drive-
for Mr. W. G. Newmaa. Farrow and
the girl met r.ear the corner cf Branks
and L-.ine streets. T'.iey engaged In
conversation, and passers by heard th
girl ask Fanow to c-hmse -uine money
lor 'ucr. He tooit th" mrney at A'i a
quarter and started off. She r ill.nl
.'lim an.l mill in li'in- "Vnii ilnn I
mean to take mv mony. He cam
back ami said. "Hush. Did you my
anything to nie?" Just a- he aid th
words there was the report of a pisti'.
and the-girl fell to the ground. A num
ber of persens were passing, all ef
whom ru-h-l to the snot where tho
girl fell. Dr. J. W. Ixing was of the
number. The girl breathed for a fw
minutes but life was practically ex
tinct from the moment tihe oill siimii
her. It having passed through her
heart. Farrow ran as scon as tie did llr?
sihoctlng. but returned wth one of .he
Mesr3. Newman. He said the she
lng wes accidental; that he was flru.r-
Lhing the pistol is a bluff, when I;
went off. The man was arrest eel and
placed in jail.
Key and Company Comprora'seJ.
Winston-Salen.. Special Captain
R. B. Glenn, who returned from Wash-
ingtca city fcaturday morning says
that a compromise was effected Friday
in the case of Key & Co., the rectifying
distillery firm cf Statesville. whose-
plant was recently seized by reven
officers. Tiie company chered to pay
the government $2,100 for ex"mpt;oa
from prosecution for alleged irreg-t
laritie?. Collector Harkins rccam
mended that this offer be accepted ar.d
Captain Glenn succeeded in gftting an
order issued releasing Key & Co.
Cartridge in His f ipe.
A special from Grpcnsbfro to th-?
Raleigh Pest says:
There was an explooion at the iteini
laundry Saturday morning that might
easily have resulted fatally, thoagh.
fortunately. r.o one was Ihurt. Mr. E
A. Antler, the manager, wan pum?g
away at his big clay pipe when there
was a bang and the pipe went into a
thousand pieces. Upon investigation
he found that some one had put half
a dozen pistol cartridges in his to
bacco box. and one cf these had got
ten into his pipe.
Jefferson D. Bast, a prominent farm
er of Hickory Grove township. Mr?k
lenburg county, was attacked by an i i-
furiated bu:l. The bull threw him to
the ground and gored him jr.o badly
that he died within fifteen minute.-.
Herbert J. Hirshinger. of Cliarlott?.
formerly second lieutenant of the
First Noith Carolina Volunteers, win
served on the etaff of Gen. K. P. Pear-
sen, in Cuba during the spinl.-h war.
has passed the examination for se:oa l
lieutenant In the Marine Crps. Mr.
Hirshinger was fourth in a class of 23.
who tcok the examination. He will
get his commission Octcber 1st.
William Huddleston. fatner of tac
girl assaulted by Melville Parker, tays
he is gcicg to bring suit against the
county of Durham for several thousaad
dollars. Parker was a county chain
gang convict when it is alleged that
the assault was committed. Huddl?
Eton claims that this was a vioiatioa cf
the lav on the part of the county.
The vote on the proposition to levy
tax' to build a new court house in
Alexander county la?: Thursday wai
a failure, only 43 vctea out of 1.700
were cast for the tax and 34 against it
To become a law It would have beea
necessary for a majority of the regis
tered votes to be cart for the aOrma-
Never in the history cf Cheiokcc
county has th;re b?en fuch an Inhere?:
in minerals a3 at the present tim?.
Gold, iron, marble and tolc properties
are being worked. There is an unpre
cedented demand for ihe talc which
is ther? in abundance.
The grading on rhe South Carolina,
and Georgia extension railroad from
Marion. N. C, to Johnson City, Tenn
will begin in about ten days. Hands
are being employed. It is thought that
this movement will induce the Sea
board to consider more Mtr'.oualy ex
tending its line from Rutherfordton to
Jones Ta ks Politics.
London, By Cable. Senator Jones,
chairman of the Democratic National
Committee, has arrived here from th?
continent. He denies ihat he intends
to resign tine chairmanship on accouut
of ill health. He says the best physi
cians assure him that he has nahear:
trouble and that his condition Is due
to his" nerves. He declares that h h
almost recovered and mill bcoa tca:t
for home. Referring to the political
situation, he said .that the Democrats
must take positive grounds tg?ls:
imperialism and trusts.
Savs the Idcrejs: From Year t9
Year in Thtm is Alarmir.g.
WAS DFFERENT YEARS AGO.
Rd. Sjis Re Decs t kn ht tac Fmt
Girls IV ill p If Hatters D ft Mc4.
He femes of tae Trm.
.Yh are tj marrlaceib.e alii g -
Itk to mur) ? Th'a imtritloo cinntt
judice the future by ihe pat. for lh
paM dmi tH lnw-rrt th"m. The ori
ent 1 their chif concern. Only th
olJ people hu mtrrint Slf rn-
tury ago ,a ajp:e-ut the rontraat
txtwern now nd then and tb change
for l l:c ore 1 alarming. The tnai-
rlase rcUtlou ha lrt muh of it e-
rluusce-s. l; Mdetnnlty. !: dignity.
and con-cquer.tly. oepjia'.Ln and di-
or.e have lnrejl fir rn:re rapidly
tnau population. D.itln Ibe tvti
twenty rear population ha increas
ed fift r-r eer.:.. wall dhorrca hae in-
crested 1,7 per rent. What a record
of broken row and conjugal nilry.
Dr. Iindrum. the enilun: Iltiti
prea:iM-r of Atlanta, nil In rerent
rc-rnion. "O.ir h ium m:e in prl.
Th- fo.ir.ditb n f o-lctv are threat
er.ed. MarriaK- I. t;o f;n a nwK-k-
ry. Divane are rapidly multiplying
in our e;irts an I o mHutl- depravity
gmwti a par.
Hut legal dlrornv arc tint a mil!
proportion of tle ntinbT f t-;ura-
tkn. and a kHII small r proportion t.f
unhappy married niip'.e who mi!T r
2nd endure thlr oniuca! tnioery
rataer laaa morwy their cn:iirn .r
ex'ite a public f-indal. A tm'au.e
lady f our ton dv,r d recently tht
the knew of but two happl'r married
cciples. la our whole community. Onlv
two who are ax Irving asd deroted at
when they K.eed a! the marr'.ag a lar.
We ll know many who If not a hap
py as when f.r.l married, are aa 1 v-
iug and kin I to eac h other, and thdr
happine:. Ij only mantd tiy th anxl"
tie incident to niartiad life.
St. Paul a'.d. "The love of mooiy U
the rort of all vll." and B'n Franklin
ail.l. The- la. k c f i: I the c am of all
misery." N-I her f th.e abortion
are altogether tine. b-t ibiy approxi
mate th? Iiutii. I wj iiimlnatitig
abcu:; the greed and eluvium of
mankind, f.r I have been reading
abattt Jhee ttu.-te -o much t,t late
that like the Ci:y e.f S'ni-shan. 1 hvf
become pciplexed an I d .I't kruw
what U going to ! the end 4 it. In
The Saturday Ri-vicw ejf S'-pfmlter 21
ind luh. which Is a ladua J-j.inul ;(
greet excc-llpnc-e. publ-h-d In Atlanta.
there are two articles tn trusts, writ
ten by Dr. Alftcd K. t-IJcn. an Kng
li.-hman. I .e".iee. but now a citizen
of At'.an'a. which for cogent and clsa
ic tbniigat exe!i3 IkjIIi admirjtion
and alarm. After setiujr forth th
many evils that will fa'.l-iw tbes-
combinations cf capital, he
'What is pushing on this tWghty
racvemeat :hi.s great Ic; lir& lv.at Is
roing counter to powerful current
and billows? Popular da'anelctloa
the pres-s. the enact men.; a cf eoagreaa
and legi.H'aturei are Ve many
waves i-pendin? their impotent wrath
in vain upon the monsfr. Trusts will
continue to move on. Ther will grow
in power and will in time ccrial ail the
wealth, the tran-portion. the produce
of o'tr mines and Adds. They will en
list in their nervlce a vat army of
toilers,, whose derdence on them will
be Koul-crushiug and absolute, and
they will bar out another amy o!
wo:ild-be toilers, who mill nave no
visible m?an cf rupport and then
what? To what ceal are we hasten
Ing? C.ircrefs might m well try to
prevent th sun from r-?Ulnje on the
-est. or to Ftop the ojwn-ru-hlng of
Niagara, as to attempt by law ta mmn
this universal trerj cf modrn com
merce towards treat."
Then Dr. Sed.lon writes of th; nw
factcr In American -o:-Je y the factor
of poverty and tsay that l: peteace
and its porr I nt yet realized. He
quc'ei from the addica cf welcome
by the Chicago FedtratUn of l-tbcr t3
the trade a.-nibly: We bid oi mel
come in the nam's of a n mdred mo
nopolist and fifty tbcus.nl tramps.
Here mimmcn r.ifls ner canivai :n
palacen. aile ma.herj -are bean
broken and c hildren are at trying and
men look in vain for w-orfc. We mel
come ycu In the tame nf a hundred
thousand idle raca and to-night we
will enow you h'indreila of TCOg Wn
lying tn the rough :ona la the cor
ridors cf this f-ry buil1?"g no ham-.
no food raca ab'e and willing t
work, but for whom thre Is n
In New York :.y tacrre were over
30.000 famili'a turned oat lt rear far
unpaid rent. Thr were 230 mlcidea
and one per.on la e-.ery tea wb dies
is burled In the potter field. Oa, the
p!ty of it the pity cf i:!. Wtia will
the milleclnm c;me.' Vr. Seddsn be
lieves it bec3Ue b knows that Cad is
gocd and will not fuffer misery
to be prolonged, and becaae be has
promised that all the LtmlHr of the
earth fhall be blte.ed.
I am almost afraid to read trnch
thirgs raw. Szc'i picture of bunaaa
misery bring tadnca ard a feellnj of
despair. Ixng.' leng ago I wept OTer
the "Lay of ihe Iboter, by Torn
Hcod, when it first appeared ia Lon
don. That tame sad zoag has gotten
over here cn thla tide-of th; water and
now oor cwn strong me-n are singing:
"Wiisrever nature needs.
Wi-rever labor calli.
No Job 111 t!birk cf the fcuden work
To shun the wcrkhocae wa!l.;
Nr alms I ask, giye tne my ta:V
Her are the arm. tt leg.
. ... . . . " U. . .'. .. - . t .. ..I...
t .vitk i-zd ic.lv te."
A'P. Ja A-'atta ranttitutlcx
YELIOW FEVER SIIUATIOW.
(W'y Oh V lt klnttl m4 IVrt M
Waa?-Aa. n, C, ferial Ta
frrrr aUaat!i lt mk kat gU
;aux ta ilwiM 1la-
pltal trlc. mmck emenmrmceaayw
Tae fr h aaa-S it asframr at
oxly ee Drar ple, farm Ckrtadaa.
Mlaa.. aid bat om a etUta tVere
Tae fee l. cnente4 t thre fttate.
Ulaiara. Utaataair aa4 P.cyl4a la
Plot td a Lot m ra taa rarhe4 te
tKalnUn-?. Intt tt ltaatK lm Key
Wett la flj'.ie Mrrere. 5 run Mil
rrjor.e4 th- Trx-dK rept4
from Tasini that tre haJ tmada
booae to feoaae laitkm la
Tampa and fvrt Tampa City. mi kal
!lted et. Prtertburg. bi bad ti
Bc-thlcg auapt.-l9a No rt aJ)me4
to leaie Kry Wet ml: Wat goUa ta
the detention camp l lry Tortagaa.
utiea be la rerttfle4 aa an I an ts.
F!grea la to pre rated from Near r.
ieana tat there la a tramblp laspe
tkn there f tiot'.a tu-jad vp tae rltrf
aol Da muencrfi ar taken.
Iurgf.m (Tteueial Wrmaa kaa ae
Dr. M-;ru.Vr front .t Orleaaa m
JarkM.n. Vl . t mafrr mil a the aa-
thorltW there relatli to a tralm la
a paction aertire through MlaUaalppl.
Hta auigrocia ate eotnpe'llcg tke oU
aerrauie ty the Ktate anthorltlea of
the liriMity regulation for the Isola
tion and guardtftg nf raaea o'hr
pj!M. A dupa'.rh rerer4 f-4a
from ir. ItriiBry. Savitutati. t)
that thit rlty ha a aiarantin4 mgatat
paengeia. fruit and manuf twrel
clothing from Sar 4trleaa. WlaUp
pi City. Pa. raria'taa and Jak.ai.
For the merk there hate tem 14
new eir and fle d-atha at Key
Wit, making 24 rae an4 21 deafht
lue August 21 IS re haa beea moaj
fate at Miami, one ie a ad one death
at tott Ta ni ta "lty; an rm mn4
mo ueath at New Orleana and one
Uath at llala-ippi CHj.
In the public health report ltt
tbi mek fVdorado la reported to le
free from raialipoi af'er aa epl4eflgte
from Minh to the tulddle of Auaruat.
during wbbfi :hte mere raoea aaJ
26 dea'ha. The t-iCil number of a mall-
p-n lo the 'nitd Plate thla eea-
eon maa I Oil.
Tb rejorta re-ied through !
cortula ihoar tat elJnr feter l pr
valbng la Arget'.ine. Itraclt. "luni.
Ida. i'fttm Ki a. Culn. lUetlco and Htm
SaUaJor. Maet f the -UDiriea only
report the dea'ha. nd re pot la fur th
la: tao month thow 71 deatho. lie-
twee a June !ifc and Auruat 21 h. th
dale r,f the lat report from SahtUgu,
there mere 2"C iM-t and IC leatha 1
In the bub-tin p'.s e-.irlcko roun
trl., the mortality liaa teen tet r
heavy. Out of l.l2 r-ei la Ilcoc
Ki.ng. there were 1.4 CI deathand at
Tf-m!ul. Japan, out f 2.4VC raea there
mere !; ditha. At perto. Portm-
jcal. the nnut meterly olnt touched
by tb plague out of l raaea tip t.
August 7. tbete mere 1 dea'ha. Tbe
Marine llcepltal Service la taklat;
every precaution to preteot the Intro-
d act Ion of the plague either from
aoatbrta Kjiope or Africa. he-re
baa Rallied a foothold, or from the
EaM. tmugh the Mrt of ttaa Fran-
clKen. All rteamnblpa from Italy .
Spain and aoutbem France are uH r.g
Inspected before Miilirc for the lnl'd
Tbotnaa II. Heenan. mritea a moat
intereatlng tepent from f4ea of the
precautiona taken la It mod agalna'.
the Introduction of the plarme 'a
which be ay that there Is a general
belief In that taction of.Kurop. that
with the advent of the Parla Kipoai-
tlcn, th plaatue mill le pread all over
the ronllnest of Kurope. and may evei
reacSj the fratei of North and i-vutb
Death Set. Irate a1 SUatt
Waahington. I. C. Fp lal. Tae
War Iepartmeffit haa teeelyed nothing
from General Otla regard lag prea dl-
patehes ttatlng (bat two aoldierm bav
beea aenle ned to death for outraging
Filipino women. OtScer tf the de
partment eay they bare no reaeoo t
donbt tiw report, and believe th
prealdcct mill approve the mtar
In order that an example totj Ir.
made cf them.
l Deal at iat'.ea.
Wlneion-Salem. N. C. 5peclaL The
Wlntoa Cigarette alablfle Company
baa dipooel of all foreign territory ls
a mealtby Cni;1ib ayndleata for abowt
tl0M0. The Wlaatva t jmpany re
erred the United Ftatea and Canada
and machibe for their trade la this
territory wfil rontDae ta be mtnufae-
tared ia thla city. The deal waa prac
tically fooumuatcd la Indoa a fw
week aga by the praldcct A the ront-
pany. Mr. J. R. Wiiliama. of Kayette
vllle. Repreiva:atlvem of the !oo4"
company were here to-day atid net tb
dirertora tf the Wias&oa xenpaay.
when the fSnlaalag tcuebea mete pel
upon the big c"eaL
CcaacJ far rHttrr.
Parla. By CaV.e. Coonael for pe.--aos
receatly arrested cn the charge of
plotliog to overthrow th repablke
held meeting, after whUb It waa de.
cided that the law of IVW applies to
the High Court cf Jaatlce. which baa
been ronvoked to try the roncplratora.
Cooeqnen"Jy "couna! will maintain
that they bare a right to be prearat at
all Interrogator lea of tht ir c.lea . The
remit of aach actios wiU be to enor
mously proiocg the prov-eedlrga.
Ike Vepty Oeraai.
Cape Vom-n, By Cable. Fun br tele
grams frctn Pretoria conflra th; fore
cast of the re-ply of the Tranaraal to
Great Britain. wlch does not accept
the demand of the Britiah govera
ment aa a whole. ' Great excitement
prevail at Pretoria over the conre
qnences which may eaae. The Taunt
Boeri are asking to be led into the
field Immediately. It ia Impossible to
predict mUa. will t the altoatkm
afur tW dclliery f tae leply la
. f i
. . i i