7 CAUCASIAN. VOL. XVIII. RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, MARCH 22, 1900. NO. 1G. I ! I s. 4 1 3 lit! i Mp R BUTLER'S Manhood Suffrage in North Carolina and the Proposed Constitutional Amendment. I Gil CLAUSE OF lie Quoit Abundant and Conclusive I Legal Authority to Show That Sec tion 5 Is Not Ouly Unconstitutional, nut That It Will Fall, Leaving The Itcinalnder of the Amendment to Stand. He Discusses Judge Brown's Proposed Amendment and Shows That the Court Would Unquestion ably Ignore any Attempt of the Leg Islature to In trurt It How to De cide Tills or any Olhe r Question. He Drauds the Charge of Negro Domina tion as a Slander on the St ate.--Ot her Features of the Amendment Dls-cu8sed,-Ho Says That the Proposed Amendment Is Not Only Unconstitu tional nnd Dangerous to the Liber ties of Fifty Thousand White Men In North Carolina, Hut That It Is Dishonest In Its Method and Puts the South In a FaUe Poiltlon. (Continued from la?t week.) THE REMAINDER OF THE AMEND MENT WILL STAND. Mr. President, I come now to consid er the second question, which is: Sec tion 5 being unconstitutional, will the court 'in declaring it so hold that all the amendment mutt fall, or that only Kpotlon f (the unconstitutional part) must full, leaving the remainder of the amendment, which is clearly constitu tional, t.j stand? In my opinion the court would follow the many prece dent already laid down in similar canes, and hold that, inasmuch as sec tion 5 ha.-! one object and the remain der of the amendment has a very diff erent object and are therefore severa ble, ami inasmuch as the amendment with dfction 5 (the unconstitutional part) left out would Ptill be operative and ir tHligible and would make a complete and constitutional scheme for limiting suffrage, it would stand, while Miction 3 would be ellmilnated. I make the statement as my opinion because the decisions of the Supreme Court isusitain that opinion, which I will presently show. Hut before pro ceeding to quote time authorities and make an argument upon them, I wish to note? briefly the two cases cited by tho Senator Urora Mississippi (Mr. Money) which he claims establish a different doctrine. He read first from Spraguo vs. Thompson. (118 If. S., page 90). as follows: The Insuperable difficulty with the application of a principle of construc tion to the present Instance is that by rejection the exception intended by the legislature of Georgia the statute is made to enact what confessedly the legislature never meant. It corfers upon the statute a positive operation beyond the legislative Intent, and be yond what anyone could say It would have enacted, in view of the Illegality of the exception. Next he cites Warren vs. Mayor end Aldermen of Charleston (68 (Mass.) and quotes the following from that de cision: "" " parts cf a statute are so mutu aiij v.vunected and dependent as con ditions, considerations, or compensa tions for each other as to warrant a belief that the legislature intended them as a whole, and that if all could ynot he carried into effect the legisla ture would not pass the residue Inde pendently If such parts are unconstl Aianal and void, all the provisions k .nich are thus dependent, conditional. FATHER CLEARLY I, f or connected must fall with them. - ino senator irom .Mississippi, alter ;n Veadlne the.se two decisions, nnn n do. (: a,oision of the Supreme Court and the r ' 'cither a decision of the State court of Massac.hiusett3, proceeded to say that inese cases were not onlv exactly In Int but that they settled the ques- lon. The Senate will remember that V tfk;at poind in hli speech. I asked T Mission to interrupt the Senator; that I (had on my desk nine or ten volumes of the 'Supreme Court Reports, and held In my hand a statement of the cases In those reports which I stated showed that ith. Senator was wrong aa to the weight of authority on hils side. I asked permission of the Senator to ttft-'u from these cases, which he de clined. I then asked permission for a simple statement of the names of the cases to go into the Record with hl$ speech, bo that those who read ihV epeeca might also, if they desired, read these oases and know what the court had held. The Senator declined to permit even the title of these cases to go Into the Record along with his epeech. He declared that he did not mean to be discourteous, but he said ttttat he would rather not have those cases cited In hia speech. Now, let us for a moment examine Ithe two cases cited by the Senator. I have Just Tead from the Record the two ei tracts which he read from these cases and upon which be relied. They are both to the effect that the court must consider, among other things, the legislative intene in deciding whether un unconstitutional part of a statute shall fall alone or drag the rematinder Of the statute with 4L This i true, I adrr 0 to a certain extent and in a cer tain, sense; but it la not the only con sideration with the court, and is not by any means, as a rule, the controlling consideration, even where the intent of the legislature is clear S To say that the Supreme Court wMi never declare ny one section of a statute void and lea. the remainder to stand, where it Is clea. that the legislature would not have passed one part without rjassin? the others, is practically to say that the court will never declare one sec tron of any statute void without dec far ing the stools statute voXtijv frtr thftuzh conatitntraL . It is to Vresunr-l it every leeis- passes an act Intends It all to stand, or ot wouia not nave passed it I make Utat fltacement to sopw that the quota Kon of the Senator, without quallflca ON I PROPOSED UNDUE ion or explanation, is an absurdity In .he sense in which he used it. In short, his quotations swindling alone clearly misrepresent tlhe po-.ition of the count. Was the Supreme Court of the United States governed by the in tent of Congress In the Income-tax cases? Was it not perfectly clear and unquestioned that Congress never would have passed the Wilson-Gorman tariff act with the rates of tariff du ties that it contained had not Congress at the same time and in the same act put In a provision for an income tax to raise thirty or forty millions of rev enue? Prolably every schedule In ".hat act would have been changed if l base income-tax provisions had not been in it. Not only did attorneys call the attention of the court to this fact, but also did Justice Harlan and other justices, in their dissenting opinions. Justice Harlan said: The judgment just rendered defcaits the purpose of Congress by taking out c Miie revenue net leis than, thirty millions and possibly fifty millions of dollars, expected to he raised by the duty on incomes. We know from the official Journals of both Houses of Congress that taxation on imports would not have been reduced to the ex j ent It was by tre Wilson Act except ior the belief that that could be safely done if the country had the benefit of revenue derived from a tax on income. We know from oliicial sources that each House of Congress distinctly re fused to strike out the provisions im posing a tax on incomes. The two Houses indicated in every passible way that it must be a part of any scheme for the reduction of taxation and for raising revenue for the support of the govcrnmenit; that (with ceitain sped fted exceptions) incomes arising from every kind of property and from every trade and calling should bear some of the burdens of the taxation imposed Yet the court, regardless of the clear Intent of Congress, knocked out as un constitutional the Income-tax provis ion, 'While leaving the other sections THE LEGISLATIVE INTENT. But, Mr. President, the two decisions cited by the Senator, even If they rep resented uho weight of authority and fixed an unvarying rule of the court (which they do act), would not apply to the present case In the least unless the court sihould be convinced that the legislature would not nave attempted to restrict suffrage at all unless it could do bo by placing the restriction upon former slaves and their descen danta while leaving all other citizens free to vote without any restrictions. To say that such was the intention of the legislature would be to make the legislature ridiculous. Would not the court rather cotocTud'e 'that the intent' ion of the legislature was to restrict suffrage by an educational test, and that after having done this it made an attempt through section 5 to exempt, if possible, a certain class from its opera tions, which every lawyer in the legis lature must have known, to say the least, was of very doubtful constitu tionality? There are many reasons to believe that the legislature did not expect sec tion 5 to etarad the test 'cf the court, while ihey did expect the remainder to stand. When the Louisiana, amend ment was being discussed In that State convention, sucn admissions were made on the floor by delegates who were good lawyers I read from the Harvard Law Review of December, 1899, from an article entitled "Suffrage clause of rtlhe Louisiana constitution." Mr. Eaton, the author of this article, reviews the proceedings of that conven tion. Judge Simms, a member of that convention, While advocating the in sertlon of section 5 in opposition to the advice of the two Senators from that State and of many other distinguished lawyers, called attention to the fact that if section 5 sihould be declared un constitutional there would still remain a good constitutional working scheme He expressed the 'opinion 1n the con ventlon that if section 5 should fall the remainder would stand; and that same opinion was expressed by others sup porting the amendment, and In the face of that the convention adopted the constitutional amendment. The only difference, Ihe declared, would be that the special class of illiterate upon whom they tried to confer the right to vote under section 5 would be preven ted from voting and would have to stand the same educational test with the negro. Gen. T. F. Bell, who was .'chairman of the suffrage committee of that convention, when reporting the amendment with section 5 to the con ventlon, in answer to objections to section 5, slid If It fails in the courts, you will still have a faif y good system with section 5 out Would not the court look at that de claration, provided It looked at any thing outside of the act itself? Mr. President, it was after explana tions like this that the amendment was adopted by the convention. All of this and more, too, was known to the leg islature in North Carolina when it adopted a similar provision. Indeed, a delegation came to Washiington City, in bcfhalf of the legislature to confer with Louisiana Senators and other Senators about the suffrage provisions In their respective States. The leading daily at Raleigh publish ed full repont3 cf interviews whicn showed tihat the general consensus of opinions in Washington was that sec tion 5 would not stand the test of the court, and the editor of that paper re commended that the legislature adopt the iMl'sels-dppi suffrage provision in stead of the Louisiana provision, ou account of the danger of the court knocking out section 5. Mr. President, I have here a copy of tba paper, the Raleigh News and Ob server, containing that editorial. This Is the same paper to which I have re ferjfea, one of Ihe leading Democratic dailies Of Raleieh. The editixr editori ally afl vises the legislature to, put both 'tIl'ai Mississippi plan and ithe Louisiana proceeds to say If, however, the court should declare the "son and grandson" clause uncon- - ' stltutlonal, there would then rema!u H IBIIIOl the "understanding'Vclause, wnkh in Mississippi has operated to secure the uninterrupted exercises of the elec tive franchise to thote white voter? who are not learned in the bocks. It was Che information to be gather ed by that delegation In Washington that was to guide the legislature in adopting a suffrage amendment. The information they get showed that the probabilities, to say the least, were 'ihat section 5 would fall. Then the ! editor of this Democratic daily advises j hat both the Mississippi plan and sec tion 5 of the Louisiana plan be put lntc the same amendment, so that if section 5 should fail in the courts the Missis sippi plan would still remain. Yet, after all this, and in the face of it, the legislature adopted this Louisiana plan. So if be court bould look for anttnt ou.'..idie cf the eubsiamce of the act it self it could find abundant reasons for, believing that the legislature adopted: this provision knowing or at least se riously doubting the constitutionality of section 5, and knowing or -having reasonable grounds to believe that the court would eliminate that section. leaving the remainder to stand. SECTIONS 4 AND 5 ARE DISTINCT AND SEVERABLE. BMt the tendency of the decisions of our court has been to look to the ef fect of a statute rather than to the in- teniJion of the legislature vhen Ihe. question 13, Shall all of the statute fall' or only a part? And this is always true where the unconstitutional sec-" ticn has one object and the constitu tional section bas another object. The leading test applied by the court in all such cases ihas been, Will the remain der of the statute be intelligible and operative after the unconstitutional parts are stricken out? As I have already said, thus is exact! t what the court did in the income-tax case. In Penniman's case (103 V. 3. Re ports, paige 113), Judge Wood, deliver- ng the opinion of the court, says: Statutes that are constitutional in part only wiill be upheld so far as they are not in conflict with the Constitu tion, provided the allowed and prohib ited parts are severable. Sj that if so much of the section undsr considera tion as relieves the dettr from im prisonment for debt in constitutional and can be severed from the other parts parts of the enactment, the judg ment of the supreme court of Rhode Island should be affirratd. That part of the section which relatas to the Im prisonment of ithe debtor and that which relates to the seizure of this prop erty are entirely distinct and indepen dent, and either one can stand and be operative, though the ether should be declared void. Now, it is not vlear that the other sections of the propavid amendment can "stand and be operative, though the other (section 5) is declared void?" Clearly so, because when section 5 is declared void and eliminated, the re mainder of the amendment makes a complete and constitutional scheme for limiting suffrage by an educational qualification applying to all classes alike. The decisions of the court to the same effect as fin Penniman's case are numerous and overwhelming. I will, however, cite onlv a few more. The Supreme Court, in tlhe case of Presser vs. Illinois (116 U. S.), lays down the same doctrine. Mr. Justice Wood, delivering the opinion of the court, in whiclh one section of an act was declared invalid, while the re mainder of the act was sustained, in closing the argument of the court and giving the reasons for the decision of the court, says: But it is a settled rule that statutes that are constitutional in part only will be upheld so far as they are not in conflict with the Constitution, pro vided the allowed and prcMbited parts are severable. As an authority for this position the court cites Pennimans case, from whiclh I have just quoted, and many other oaees. This has always been the rule of the Supreme Court. Many early decisions could be cited. I call attention to Bank vs. Dudley (2 Peters, 492), decision rendered in 1829. iGhief Justice 'Marshall rendered the decision of the court in that case, In which he said: If any parts of an ajj. be unconstitu tional, the provisions of that part may be disregarded, while full effect will be given to such as are- not repugnant to the Constitution of the United States or to the ordinance of 1787. In Packet Company vs. Keokuk (95 U. S., page 80), Mr. Justice Strong, de livering the opinion of the court, says: Admitting that parts of the ordi nance under consideration may be in conflict with the Constitution and laws of the Unjjfced States, it does not follow that its objectionable provisions, When capable of being separated and enforc ed, will be set aside and its legislative purposes defeated. Continuing, tbe court says: 'Statutes that are constitutional in part only will be upheld so far as they are not in conflict with tbe constitu tion, provided the allowed and prohib ited parts are severable. We think a severance is possible in this case. .. The facts in this care are: The leg islature of Iowa had given the city of Koekuk, in its charter, tho power to es tablish and regulate wharf:; and to fix the rates of landing and wharfage of all boats, rafts, and water craft moor eci at or landing at the wharf. Acting under this power, the city passed an ordinance providing such regulation. The ordiance referred to but one thing and had butt one purpose, and that was regulating the rates, etc, as I nave stated. Yet tbe court declared that the fourth section of this ordinance was unconstitutional and void, while leav ing the other five ox six sections to stand, for tlhe reason given by the court in the opinion I have just read. In the case of Supervison vs. Stanley (105 U. S., page 303), Mr. Chief Justice Waiite, delivering the opinion of the court, said: The general proposition must be con ceded that in a statute which contains invalid or unconstitutional provisions that which is unaffected by these pro visions or which can sta"nd without them must remain. If the valid and invalid are capable of "separation only the latter are to be disregarded. The cases from which I have read cite many other cases to the same ef fect. In fact, the case which, I have read state that tihey set forth the law as uniformly iheld by the court. Mr. President, I could go to State de cisions and cite numerous authorities to the same effect. I will, however, take a recent one whiioh is in harmony with all tbe former decisicmis. This is the case of Russell vs. Ayer (120 N. C. Reports), decided a year Or two ago, in which the court sa'yS": WM,le the parts of sections 2 and 3 'cf the act above, referred to which concern the amounts of tbe capitation tax are void, because ifchey disturb the equation betwene property and poll taxes,vet the. remainder of-the act is valid; and that although the revenue act cf 1897 conitaiins a clause wthiah re- (Continued od ith ptge,) FRANCE IS PLEASED. McKioIeyf Commended for Offering Our Services BETWEEN THE BOERS AND BRITISH To Aid In the Settlement of Their Differences and Stop the Further Continuance of the War. Paris. By Cable. "The United States has Shown selfish, JSurope an ex ample," said a responsible official to a represenit'attve of, The Associated Press, when asked what was the feel tog of the French government regards tog President McKinley"s offer of bis good Offices to England. "We ifelt." continued the official in question that our own posjitioo with respect to Eng land, in view of the (present etaite of public feeling there, was too delicate to admit of our acceding to Mr. Kru ger's appeal; and a this reluctance appeared to be shared by every other power, the action of the American gov ernmenit in taktog the initiative cam as an agreeable surprise. That it did not succeed! does mot detract from it? merit." The A'Ssociaited Press representative here called the limt&nloeutor's attention) to the complaints of a portion of the French .press that President McKJnley refrained from backing up hiia offer, w!M'oh wais necessary to its success, some papers having openly stated that his action was a mere election manoeu ver amd) not intended to loe successful "In our view," replied' -the ofEicial, "these criticisims are utterly unjusti fied. President McKinley did even more thato up to the last .moment was expected over here. Only the miembers of chandleries- who realized the deli cate nature oif uch a step, can aippre- cmie America a lerrort ait its Drcner value. The French igovernmenit, whlilo not prepared to itiake the initiative. would, in conjunction with Russia, readily have supported America; 'but ithe (promptitude of England's refusal cut the ground from under them." The official; informant added! that, al though there appeared to be little likli hiood of intervention in the immediate future, yet hopes are still entertained thialt am offer of good offices from the pawiers may eventually prove accept able. "At any rate," said foe, "it is nioit un likely that it will Ibe .made iif foreign fimtereiste are in danger by the threat ened destruction of thi rand mines." This question of the destruction of the 'gold mines, as predicted by Mr. Mion'bagu White, Js regarded las a seri ous matter, and as tbeiing not micrely possible but iproibable. It is Uearmedi that the French govern, ment 'has received informiaitiion to the same effect from another source, and it considers the deseendenits1 of the Dutchmen who flooded their own coun try in order to repel iam invader quite capalble of following this 'hiatioric pre. cedlemt in the case of foreign owned old (manes. The French press has taketo up the maltter and) polints out the enormouls amount of Frenich sav ings sunk In the rand gold fields. It is stated that df the Boers cairry out !the"i threat lit will take ait east three years to (reconstruct the suirflaice miachinerj 'and other plants, while immense de struction could he wrought by diyha miite ito the underground working. Franlce owns a thiird of the shares in the Transvaal amines; and these alarm ist 'predictions have already 'had their effect on the qudtaMons. Thus, stance Tueteidlaiy, 'Rolbineion hais dropped ifTow 2.10 to 2.00; Fertreia from 4.93 to 4.65 and Geldenlhuis from 1.48 to 1.40: ' The tension, of feeliutg IbeitiweeD France and Emglatad certaimly bias un dtergone abatement this week, foi jWMcth the coniciiliaitory article of the London Times ds largely responsible. 5 The igovernimenit's (bill prcpcising am. nesty in all crimiinial praseeu'tictti- which have arisen odt of the Dreyfus affair meets with vigorous optpoiaition from the iDreyfusarda ito whom atmmestj linieana the deprivation of means of re dress. Dreyfus1 himself wrote, protest, img against the toilil. The senate com mlttee 'this week heard: Ool. Pd'cquarJ and) M. Zola, all of Whom warmly con demnel this measure. Telegraphic Briefs It is eaid that William S. Taylor, of Kentucky, may again ask President McKinley for aid in (retaining the gov ernorship. Persia will soon send us a minister, after leaving the post vacant for ten years. It is proposed to make April 19, tha Lexington battle anniversary, a legal holiday. To Blow Up a Church. Cedar Rapids, la., March 17, Seven young men were arrested' here to-nSght charged with placing dynaaniie with in. teuii: to destroy a church building. Last Sunday might following a canvass foi a new petition of conetent to operate under the saloon; law here, an empty beer keg and) a stick of dynamits wiil!h fuse arndi ca!p attached' were ifound on the steeps of St Paul's MeJthodist church. The young men arrested to- cftghit confess that they were the guil ty parties. They claim they meant it for a joke, though it is believed they meant to inibimiiclaite th- miimisbera whf have been' aictie in, obposition. Frankfort Quiet. Frankfort, Ky., Special. The de parture of the legislature from the State cap&tol has given the city a more quiet appearance, than at has had at any ume in me last two months. No new warrants in connection with the Goebel assassination were issued. Ga briel Tanl, Bresklnr'dge county sus pect, was arraigned before Jnde Moore, but was dismissed, there not oeing sufficient evidence against him to even hold him as a witness. Col. Bryan at Home. Lincoln, Neb., Special. Col. Bryan returned to Lincoln Saturday after an absence of two months and will . re main until Tuesday, when he will start for a month's tour of theNorthwest and Pacifio States. Mr. Bryan was in conference during the day with thi leading local Democrats, discussing pians cor the delegate state conven tion next Monday nigjht which he will attend and probably address at soma length. Mr. Bryan attended a dinner at night given by tho Students Bdmetal- filc club of toe University of Nebraska 09 aeiiYerea a abort address. THE OLD NORTH STATE Items of Interest For Tar Heel Read ers. Secretary Brown, of the corporation commission, is making good progress In hU new railroad map of the State. He has had the old map corrected, county by county. One not informed as to map making has no idea of the difficulty of preparing a map. As to Transylvania county the report is made that work Is In progress on the rail road south westward from Brevard and that It has reached Eatatoe, nine and a half miles distant. From that point to the lovely Sapphire country the Toxa way company wili build a turnpike, or rather is building it. and on 4thL when macadamized automobiles will be operated. It will thus be a novelty in North Carolina. Hut it ds not ex pected that the automobiles will bo put in use th& year. A queer ting w:il "bt noticed fin te last map Issued tat ot 1897. There are two Virginias!, both ot the Atlantic and Danville rialroad. Now there can't be two, and which is the Ight one? Fom the latter a ra.l road has been built to the rdh copper ore bed3 n Person county. Just before Christmas Eugene Penny a young farmer of Wake county, left his wife and four children and went away with Miss Chamblee, a young lady school teacher of the neighbor hood. Before going away Penny sold a part or his land and took the money, Last week the couple returned and each went to their home Penay to his wife and children, and Miss Chamblee to her parents. The young woman says that she and Penny took a trip through Mexico and California, and she wa3 very much distressed to learn that the gossops naa taiKea acout her going away with a married men. lae said Mr. Penny treated her like a lady; that she wanted to see the world and he showed it to her. Penny has given out no statement. A. J. Hamilton, of Delhi, Deleware county, N. Y., has sold the Dudley bnoais property, which is situated near Pene, in Caldwell county, about ten miles from Hickory, to the Dudley Lumber Company, of Gracilis Falls, Mr. Hamilton has owned this property for a number of years. The tract con tains 425 acres of heavy timbered land besides the water power. The lumber company will develop the property and erect a saw mill and a roller flour mill at once. The Junior Order of United Ameri can Mechanics gained 1,200 in North Carolina during the past twelve months. The Hendersonville Lumber compa ny shipped a car load of lumber to Bal four the paist week where Captain Troy is 'building several cottages for the employes of the Balfour Quarry company. Joseph Beck, of High Point, has ob tained a verdict for $80,000 damages in his suit against Jonn G. Kraft, of Bal timore, for alleged breach of contract for the purchase of a two-thirds inter est in the Aldred gold mine in this State. iu response to numerous inquiries coming to his office State superintend ent of pjibjic instruction Mebane is sending out to all county superintend ents announcemets to the effect that the next annual examination for life certificates will be held at each court house on the second Thursday in Juiy. Mr. A. Savery, of this city has just sold to H. Abrams, of Knoxville, Tcnn., for $90, an old flint and steei double barrel gun, which was made many years ago for General Wade Hampton. The gun ds of very fine workmanship and weighs only about six pounds. After it came into his pos session, Mr. Savery offered General Hampton the opportunity to secure It. but the general said he ddd not need it as he was out of the shooting business. WCmsiton Republican. There will be a mass meeting of tha tobacco growers of Forsyth county at the court house In Winston on Satur day, March 24, at 12 o'clock m. The object of the meeting is to discuss the prans set forth at the State tobacco growers' association, held n Raleigh on January 17. Also to perfect an or ganization in this county, fif deemed proper to do so. J. F. Jordan, of Gretrasboro, will be present to explain and outline the plans of the organiza tion. The 'Secretary of State has char tered the following new corporations: "Vivian Cotton Mills," of Cherry, ville, Gaston coumty, capital- stock $20,. 000, with privilege oif increasing to $2, 000,000, The incorporators are: S. S. Maiuintey, D. W. A'derholdt and. M. E. TtdulLsill. The business proposed id ths manufacture and aale of oottoa goods. Annual meetings of the comr' pany shall be held at Oharryrille on the first Tuesday in May of each year. The "Southern Machinery Com pany," cf Charlotte. Its capita!! stock is $25,000, temd the incorporators ar Fr ank H. Re id , B. D. Springs and S. S. McNtoch. The business .pAlpceed is that of 'manufacturinig, buyin'g and sell ing all kinds of machinery. The 'Redd Brick Company," of Char lobbe. The incorporators are the same as ia "Southern Machinery Company;" amid the capital slock in this case like wise i3 $25,000. The fcusinesB proposed Is a general manufacturing business, particularly the manufacture and sate of all kindis cf brick, tile and tCie.like, and to do the business of conttractor and dealer in builders' supplies. The Judicial convention to nominate a judge to succeed Judge Bowman will be held at Hickory next Thursday. GoldteJboro Is still pressing forward in the industrial world. In addition to ithe large cofctfcfo mill now in oipera tion they will have in the mear future two more large cotnon manufacturing plants. One will be known as the Bor den ManoEfacturing Company, with. F. K. Borden, as president and E. B. Bor den, Jr., secretary and treasurer. Mr. W. K. Parker, ant experienced cotton mall imam, la at the headi of the other mU, making ta-cttlive (preparattona for a speedy completion of the arrangements Dor the factory. J. Van Lindley, perhaps the best au thority in the state on rsuch VhVriig?, says tbJafc up to the present time the pitejpoata for an abundhmt fruit crop this year are better than for many years past. Ordinarily peach, pear and plum trees are In fuiu. (bioom by the middle of this miomth. . Xow there ia barely a sign of swreliins bud any The daipital stock of the Harriet Cot ton Mill ha been i increased from $150, )00 !to $200,000 before a spado full of flirt has beem thrown. And there ia demand or the stock ait home and ahrod, more than. can. too supplied. Henderson Gold Leaf. TO PRETORIA NEXT, i Objective Point of the Next British Advance. GENERAL ROBERTS TO THE GUARDS, i Three Columns to t'nlf e and Replace j His Force, While tie Pushes on to the Front. London. By Cuble.Lord HoberU euecesa in handtin-g the civil problem at Bloemfonteln and the manifest equanimity with Vahh the residents of the capital of th Orang) Free Stae accept ithe British occupation, momen tarily eclipse in interest the military situation. It ia (believed here that the oomcnanior-in-chief of the British forces in South Africa will soon push on to Pretoria, but Great Britain ia quite content to listen for a few days to the acclamations of the people of Bloennfomteln and permit the troops to enjoy a few. days of rest "before expect ing further success. Lord Roberta made a quaint speech 4 the Guards at Bloecnifonitein when in his first con gratulatory words he expressed pride ini their splendW march of 38 miles In 28 'hours, and) gave ample assurance of his ultimate deyign. '"Through a small mistake," said Lord Rciberts. "I have not been able to ntfarch Into Bloeamfon teln at the head of the brigade, as I in tended. I promise you. however, that I .will lead you into Itretonia." General Gatacre Ja holding Bethulle end the whole line of the atadlroad south of Bloemfonitetn ia now in the hands of the British, and General Brabant's column having crossed the Orange river -after on enforced march at All wal North on Sunday, and General Clement's column being across at Vanzyl, the three columns will form an army of 12,000 to 15,000 men, which is expected to replace the forces of Lord Roberts at Blo&mfbntein as he pushes northward. Just where the Boers will attempt to oppose that anarch is an fimtportant question, 'but it cannot be easily answered until General Joubert ia more defini tely located. Further news has reached the out side world ifrom Mafektng, dated Fii diay, March &th, tihowing that though the garrison was in hard straits, they were (buoyed up by the knowledge that their plucky fight was appreciated at home. General Roberts reports tht he (found: seven British officers and 43 men wounded 4n the hospital at Bloem fontein, and they were well cared for. He adds: "I rejoiced the wounded Boers Iby telling them, they will be allowed to proceed to their homes, in stead of being -made prisoners, as soon as they .can leave the hospital." Appeals to President. Frankfort, Ky., Special. Governor Taylor spent the entire day at the ex ecutive mansion 'Friday in conference with Republican leaders, chief among whom were John W. Yerkes, of Dan ville, and D. W. Lindsey, of this city. It is understood that a memorial to President McKinley, asking hini to in tervene, and take a hand in the polit ical contests, was the subject of this conference. Governor Taylor refused to talk about the appeal to the Presi dent, but 5t is said that the governor has expressed a desire for the assist ance of a small body of troops and also for support in the way of recognition of him as governor. Telegraphic Briefs Cromjje's army imprisoned in Cape Town duig a tunnel 25 yards long with tin drinktog cups and were within a ifew feet of Eberty, when a non-Boer prisoner ia their corral told on the n. A Turkish poet by the name of Nied- jar, who is the Cbnctantnople Kipling, has eloped to Paris with Miss Nade?ha, favorite "daughter of the Sultan's fa vorite wife. Tha runaways were help ed by Osman Pashav the hero of Ple vna, They're after them. Chester A. iMeHate, a Western Union operator, arrested at Kingston, N. Y., on charge of operating a green goods game, has gone to jail in default of $2,500 bail Fears About Fruit Crop. Americus, Ga.. Special. Much ap prehension: fis felt here for the safety of the fruit crop and truck. Orchards j are dm full bloom end Friday "morning j the temperature Sell to the freezing j pesnt and thin ice formed ia ex,Ksed localities. Griffla, Ga., Special. Fruit mea htre say little damage has been dote te EHborta peaches and other hardy va rieties, but they-seriously fear tho cold weather. The thermometer Thursday Slight was 30. A temperature of 2 will destroy the peaches. Visible Cotton Supply. New Orleans, -Special. Secretary Hester's statement of the total supply of cotton shows a decrease (or the week Just oJoBod cf 154.260 bales, aiint decrease of 163,855 last year. The total vJsTble Is 3.7W.829. sgztac 3.874,08 last week and 5,292,643 tost year. Q finds the total of American cotton I 3,059,629, against 3,143.089 list week and 4,044,648 last year; of all others finds, Including 'Egypt, Brazil, et 710,000, against 731.000 last week ane 1,156,000 last J Leaves New York. New York, Special. The American. Tobacco Company discharged its en tire list of 500 employes, own ana wo men, Friday ifrom the cigar factory at Fifty-second efcreet oad East river, and it will move 123 plant to its facto I In KUthmond, Va.; Baltimore, Cincin nati and Lanlauter. Pa. This is tle only factory the concpiny baa her-?. Manager Gordon in ths factory saiib the shutting down was cn accoitnt of tlhe expensta. "La'aor ia too expensive .ttere," e.::'A he, "and we can get it cheaper in other places." A SUCCESSFUL FAtHEL dx-Senator M. W. Raatom Day A 1 other Large Farm. J The well known "Polenu." farm, tit- eated on the Roanoke rlrer. six uiilct ; from Rich Square, and comprising about 2.200 acra. was oll but Monday tjr Suau'1 B".un- bought by General Matt W. Ransom for $S.CK. This Is one of the mort valuable stork farm In the state. The net profits for last yeer amounted to more than $2,500. General Ransom f ow owns about 20.000 aorra of arable and in Northampton, besides Lis hold ings In Halifax. Much of this land la worth-from $25 to M :r acre for farming purposes. He is the largest cotton former in the state. Ills rot ton crop amounts to from 1.200 to 2.kK ' bales annually, and he owns and works i over 200 horses and mules. nr. C. R. Hoey to Wed. Announcement is mad a of the en- eagement of Miss Besdo Gardner, of ..hilby. N. C. to Mr. Clyde R. Ilo-y. the talented editor of tho Shelby Star. The inviutlons read as follows: "Tho honor of your presence is requested at the marriage of Miss Bessie Gardner to Mr. Clyde R. Ho?y. on Thursday even I ng. March 22. 1900." News Notes. A letter from Guilford county says that three employees of the If p River hoe factory bottomed 247 pairs of shoes In five days last week. The work of lasting, pegging and trimming was done by hand. One cf the men drove peg3 at the gall week in Grrcnj boro last summer. Turner McDowell, a small white boy who lives In the suburbs of Gren boro, got hold of a piece of iron piping Monday afternoon and rigged up a gun. He loaded It with scrap iron, and after supper went out Into the back yard to fire a salute, with the re sult that he lost an eye and had sev eral pieces of Iron imbedded in hi head and body. The improvised grin was picked up several yards from where the boy fell. The wounda are serious, and will probably prove faul. Mrs. J. W. Wilkinson, of West Statesuiue, has more than an ordinary amount of patience, and this Is proof of the fact. She has three quilts bound with red white and blue that con tain 36,120 pieces. One quilt has 7,010 pieces, one 12,098 and the third 17, 014. What lady can beat that? The Southern Railway Is building a bridge over Silver creek, two miles west of Morganton. The Auditor's report as regards tax- ?' ble property came from the printer his week. It shows 27.110.SS1 acres of land, valuation $110,563.70; 84.1S2 town lots, $45,648,416; 171.827 horses, $6,133,- ! 346; 125,853 muled, $19,991,743; (beep. 309,403, $311,174; goats, 48,833, $22.- 236; cattle 586.206, $4,345,010; hogs 1. 1232,653, $1,604,185. The value of li braries ia given as $358,596; money on hand or deposit, $17,243,764; stock in Incorporated companies in the State, 44,825.148; tobacco, $1,288,568; cotton. t 1,217,049; gross Income on property ot taxed, $6,291; Incomes from salar- es and fees, $788,000. 'Mr. J. D. Church, general manager pt the New York Life Insurance Com pany in tic Carolina, has resigned his position and will leave for New York, (where he will be associated with hia brother in the largest co-operative business In the world. Mr. Martin A. Lyon, of Charlotte, succeeds him. The State charters the W. T. Wea ver Power Company, of Ashevllle. It will develop electric power at some j point on the French Broad river. Tbe I capital la $30,000, and the stockholdrs are W. T. Weaver. T. F. Davidson. V.r. i W. Raoul, J. L. Wagner, W. B. Wil j liamson and John H. Lange, It is learned at the - Auditor's office that New Hanover is tbe only county which pays less taxes this year than it did last year, the amount of falling 08 being about $500. Secretary Root's Army Reorganiza tion bill has aroused the greatest oppo, tthXL among the staff officers. Secretary Root has arrived at ILa- vaaa A bomb was thrown Friday through a, window ot Che Paris residence of Al fred) Pkaxd, Commissioner General ot the Paris Exposition. It did not ex plode. A lady who saw two men Tight the fuse and who have the alarm was attacked and severely handled by them. Terry McGovern. of Brooklyn. knocked out Oscar Gardiner, the Oma j ,ha Kid," in the third round of what jwas to bare been a 25-round bout be fore the Broadway Athletic Club. The Dolphin left the' Washington nary yard Friday with the members of jthe House Committee on Naval Af fairs for a short rfelt to Newport News to Inspect the battleships Kearsarge and Kentucky. Governor Long! no. of Mississippi has appointed Hon. S. S. Calhoun, of Jackson, chief of teb Mls3Llppl su preme court to fill tbe vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge Thomas IL Woods. Tbe appointment was con firmed by the Senate. CapL H. S. Bishop, of tbe Fifth Cav alry, stationed In Puerto Rico, report ed on the frightful condition to which many islanders are reduced. . Orders will be iaued by Secretary Lo&g organizing a board which will take preliminary steps in the establish ment of a naval station at Pearl b ar bor. Hawaii , At. the United Brethren Church con- L ference at Boiling Springs. Pa., Bishop Hott announced the appoinments cf xnlnl5ters for the coming year. A story has been made public fn Frankfort, Ky.. to the effect that 2" men conspired to murder Goelx-1 an drew lots to see who should be th actual assassin. Secretary Long told the House Ns val Committee that his oiWf real tor oppo&ing the buildiug of war:-h!p at the naval yards were ihat it woulc cost more than at the yzrds cf prlvaU firms and that the danger from p ti tles enteripg into the plan, was great. CAPITOL CAPTURED. Tbe British Arc Ctosbf Ip Oi Tks Boers. GE!t ROBOTS' TRIUMPHAL MAROL occomplUbmeot. of Mot-IU- twrly cess. Relieved NcUble Sc Ixmdco. By CVri.. Tbe fln half of the cmmpiUm is otit. IjotA fcJUrts arrlrrd t iioJ Vr Itlw a February He tTvl Uhjrafvi&;sii a Marcft 13. Thus, in a :tt oa-t a cxmtfc be bas ecc.vl the r-:f of KlmbtvWy and lAlrjir:rX de rapture of Gsa era! Cronjc' f ocvee and the tuVntaf of the Prt:ih tls In th capital A tbe Fma Ftr.e. AL thi has Uo Bream. pUshed with onjirattT!y trtfliag Iov It Is raisl! xnjdT that be Ls tbe hro Cf the hour .u KU&d. All the newpprTe eulnir.M him aa4 cno. gratulat the try. Tbr-y talk of tbe Free State a hat-Ice rAord out of ri tsijrw and as being now oce cf Lb shadows of history. It la tk doubt Uktc mjy,y-t be beary Rchtirr. buX the gt;us f Lord Ufterts Ss lookvj to for victory over all difficulties. His irrlni refiioe to tLe U.lm" PrmMCt Stejn unJTtnd to show that there shall be co ambiguity aa to tbe poai tka AstuskRd towd tbe repuUlca. Tbe fcct that Mr. Fraxer. Ut chair man of the Free Sftat Roal and leader of the wm:lltn to Mr. Steyn. cane with tbe deputation to turret kr tbe keys is rtsrardod as extremely sJarrtfl cant of cwfelderehle dlfh-mwe el opinion aorajr tbe Free tsea rcar4. leg the war. It is ei'd that PrmkVet Krmger bavs Mr. Fraxer on aowouat of his sympathy with the Out Waders. The demonstratKeM of the IUocnfon o!n iahabita? a no alo regarded as a good augury for the future of ftrr&ab fcuprwnacy. It ls intrftlnjc. In conoertion with the raj.d adraore of Ixrd Rciberts to learn that the Russlsa military At taehe with the Bom, who was capturej ty the British, sent the followinc tele gram to the Czar: "I am perfectly amared at the nergy in ectirso aa-i the eindutanoe of the British Infantry. I need siy no more." There is stEl no aewa as to whether Lord Roberts has capturvd any rolling stock. If te baa not then he will be obliged to wait un til the repalriiKf of the bridges ortt the Orange river enables him to bring rolling stock up. Tbe BrlU.h conthma rne.?!r. their advance on the Orange river. The Boers still hold Bet2ruli bridge, on the north side of tbe stream, but their trezxebea are dam! natal by the British arttltary. Hoary firing la la progress and there has been klrmAshicig. Lnrd Kltdhnrr Co be very succefsful in reducing the extent of the Lfcitch rising. o Otis Government. Washington. D. C, Special. With out awaiting- tbe arrival of Che new Philippine commission, Gea. OUs ta pressing' forward with tbe tnstallatkm of civil goveraxneots tn the various districts of the Philippines. Last Aug uet be established crunidprU govern, ments In towxs within the limtts of tbe United Stats occiotion. Now lie baa taken stsps to provide a, more syste matic osjJ ortho'lox sfctrtu of gxmrn cnent. He has appointed s, board beao ed by the brihtefrC and toMC aruts lawyer In the IUijpp!&t, CuyecUoo ArlLano. and tncludiiijr triov exirl enced ertny offkrs to carry out tuZ jJTOjeaL Wsdesboro Tbe Lucky Polat, lYtawton, N. J., Special. ProC Charles Young, of the University as tronomical department, announced Wednesday that preparations are cow being- mode by him to observe tbe total eci?pse of tbe mm, which will take place on May 28. Tbe Instruments necessary for the work are la course of ooDstrudion. Wademro. N. C bus ten st-lec-tedi as the pCaoa when the beet observations can be made. Committed Suicide. Kansas City, Special. J. Sherman Peffer. son of W. A. Peffer, forma United Stale Senator from Kansas, was found dad in bed in a room la bouse on Cast Eighth street Wedses- oay aiiemoon. yn ue vmtwx was I found a box that bad contained t&or- phlne and a note reading: "Father, I don't like to do what I am doing, bat I am tired." In the dead man's pock ets were found several Typosraphlcal Union working cards. He waa abent SO years of age and was ft llpotype op erator. He was not knovC to be de snopdmL Chicago Strike. Chicago. Special. With prospects ot a peaceful eettletnent of tbe labor strike as remote aa at any time since its Inception, the opening day of the lixth week of the struggle here found KK.b sides grimly determined. Tbe jriginal building tradei dispute Is now tterely one of the many features of tbe jnbroglio. Additional strikes and ev idence of discontent are developing constantly. Gold In Georgia. Atlaaca, Ga.. Special. The Nacoo chee -Mining and -lanofarturing Com pany, with headquarters and main of fices In Atlanta, and a capitalization of $3.(00.o(Ki. applied for a charter for a gold mine In White county. It Is claim ed by tbe owners that the richest vtlni of gold ore eat of tbe Rocky Moun tains are located cn Ihe property. Among the Incorporator! are Got. AI ".en Candler. t-x-Governor Nortben. F. B. Neal, F. E. Black, and H. 11. Cab. anise. 1 1 II

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