The Caucasian (Clinton, N.C.) /
Feb. 19, 1903, edition 1 /
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-t w - J I v sty f
North Carolina Sensation Receive); a
BEFORE LEGISLATIVE COMMITTEE
Sums Stprtling Ilvidence Developed
At the Investigation Evidence In
The investigation of the matter of
cruelty to convict a from the North
Carolina Penitentiary In their removal
to Marlon was begun Tuesday. The
staff correspondent of the Charlotte
Observer kIvi-3 a full account of the
pro cxU'ikh, the most nalicut features
being given here:
Marlon, N. C. Spec ial. Mr. J. L. C.
Hlnl and others of Marlon submitted
(vldmc! to the legislative committee
which tended to establtMh bin charges
of i un ity to convicts on the recent re
nin va I from Spruce I'ine to Hilisboro
H'nl Knlelgh, via Marion. In rebuttal
Superintendent Mann made an excel
lent hbowiiiK so Tar as bin own respon
xil.ility h concerned. He doubtless im
in H.-fd the comniittec by his fairness
mid by reading hi.s orders to super
visors. Superintendent Iashley also
endeavored to shift uny blame from his
shoulder:;, no was alongside th'j men
on h iortion of the march, but could
not observe all that was going on, but
thought evcrj thing wad done right.
The committee consisted of Senators
II. N. I'hnrr, of Mecklenburg, and
Thos. 1). Warren, of Jones county, and
H pi e.- jitativeK (Jeorge L. Mortln, of
New Hanover: T. W. Blount, of Wash
ington, and W. C. Newland. of Cald
well, and after a hard day's work all
the witnesses to be examined hero
were heard. A further hearing will be
hid on the return to Raleigh. At
torney lludr;in, of Marion, appeared
Tor Superintendent Mann, while Mr.
Hire Hetcd n prosecutor. The latter
Htated that he brought charges at the
almost unanimous demand of the com
munity and he was not here when the
convicts passed thftugh. As a result
of Tuesday's hearing, it may be said
that the opinion will probably prevail
that the convicts did suffer hardship,
but the responsibility of such suffer
ing has not vei been fixed.
MR. KPARK8 HEARD "RUMORS"
OF ILL TREATMENT.
Whit Held Spaiks, of Grassy Civek
township, Mitchell county, who lives
near the Spruce Pine convict camp,
HI miles from Marion. Avas the first
wi'nesH. When asked by Mr. Bird if
he knew th-.it the weaker men were
m l"( ted for removal the witness said
It. v.rs so imnored. and on objection
by counsel for Superintendent Mann,
a controversy aiose as to what limita
tions t-hnuld ! put upon the evidence.
It, was stated that such was the gen- i
eial talk, but the witness could not
Fiili.-tiintiate it. The convicts were
Minted to Marion on the day after a
tl: t. The witness j;av one sick man
helped Into a wagon. Th convicts
crossed Tow river on the ice. The lat
ter w,H covered with water about five
inches deep for t;omo 20 feet. The
men were shackled together, two by
two. and bad on ordinary convict
clothes. The witness saw no unkinu
tn;'.tn;iit of convicts and some of
tlicin were not shackled.
W. D. Wlprman, of Spruce Pine, in i
January, passed about 100 con-
vl ts en route oer the mountains in
sever.' weather. Some of them waded
Armstrong creek while there was ice in
the still water. One convict lost his
shoes. One man was carried over by
trusties, but the witness did not know
whether or not. he was a guard. The
witness advised the guards to camp
on the east side of tho mountain, as
the wathe,- wa. colder on the other
side. They camped at Mica (which is
on the other side of the mountain).
The camp equipage for the return trip
to Marion was loaded on a sleety day.
The men crossed the river on the ice,
over which water was running. At
dinner on the march the witness saw
coffee and bread distributed and heard
convicts ask for imat. For 13 miles
from Marion the road was muddy and
sloppy. One sick man while lying down
in a wagon asked for water as the
creek was being crossed, and was
groauiug. A guard told him to "shut
his d n mouth;" that it would do him
no good to groan. A convict started
to get a bucket of water and the guard
cursed and told him to take a can. The
wltntss saw a. few old shoes dropped
on the road. In crossing a small creek
some of the men had to wade in water
over shoe-mouth deep. The roads were
bad and the convicts marched in the
middle of the road, while the guard3
generally walked on the bank. Some
gave out andewcre put in wagons. Ho
saw the sick convits taken off the
wagon, but none were dead. Five or
six were ill, two apparently "bad off."
On cross-examination by Superinten
dent Mann's counsel the witness stated
that Armstiong creek was about knee
deep and there was no foot-log where
the convicts crossed. The witness was
not positive that any guard was taken
over on convicts' backs. Once and a
while the convicts could avoid mud
holes. "There is no other way to
Marlcn," bald the witness, "so far as
I know, or I would have traveled it."
Asked about the convicts' $.hoe3 by
Chairman Warren, the witness said
some of them were in bad shape and
la two instances he noticed they., were
cpen and "dripping nud.-". ThejconvieJ:
who was groanics seemed vto be ia
serious condition. The witness saw one
man with ono foot bare. This side of
the mountain the mud was the worst
of the winter on the day the convicts
were moved. The mud came up to the
top of the shoes and sometimes high
er, and it was shoe-mouth deep nearly
all the way.
GUARDS CURSED THE CONVICTS.
A. D. Wiseman, of Spruce Pine, tes
tified that he drove a team along with
the convicts on the march to Marion.
Three miles or more an hour were
made. Some places the mud was 6 to
8 inches deep and the average was
about shoe-mouth deep. Two convicts
seemed to be very sick and showed
pain all the way. One asked tor "just
anything" and the guard replied that
be bad nothing for him. While groan
ing a guard named Handlin said to a
convict to "shut tip his d n mouth'
Exbatited convicts were put on mules
two at a time because tbey were
shackled together and could not be
separated. When convicts would give
out the guards would curse them. A
guard naaied Busbee told a convict
who fell on his face In the mud: "I n
you, get up. I am not going to carry
you." When near Marlon all who were
able to get off the mules were lined up
to be counted. The w itness saw four
or five couples of shackled men fall
by the wayside. Oue roan apparantly
had a fit and Avas put in a wagon.
Near town several fell and were urged
on by the guards and in some cases
unshackled men helped them. The mud
came above the convicts' knees. Each
man carried his blanket. One convict
dropped a Bible and Guard Buabre
cursed him for "carrying plunder."
The witness had never seen a worfse
day to move convicts than the one oa
which the trip to Marion was made.
Ten miles from town the men waded
a stream over shoe-mouth deep. The
sick men were given water twice on
the way, but no milk or medicine.
When begging for water a guard said:
"I n you shut up; that won't do you
any good." A negro fell and while on
his all-fours tipped his cap and said,
pitifully, "Boss. I can't go any furth
er.'' (iuard Busbee replied: "G d d n
you, get up. I am not going to carry
you. We are in smelling distance of
the town." A convict went to cross a
fence and fell and brushed against a
guard, who said: "G d d n you:
stay off me. I'll shoot h1 out of you,"
and made a demonstration with, bis
gun. One man was laid in a car at the
Marion depot, and the witness heard
It Bald: "Our little negro is dead."
Some of the convicts after reaching
the car cut their muddy pauts legs off
and threw them out of the window. It
takes a day of hard driving to come
from Spruce Pine to Marion. A pedes
trian can almost keep up with a load
ed wagon. The convicts were given
coffee, some com bread and a little
meat. There was complaint that the
bread had been frozen and the meat
was cold. The stream waded was about
six feet wide, while Toe river is 100
A good deal of other testimony was
given in the same line. The testimony
In rebuttal follows in part:
W. E. Crossland, of Richmond, a di
rector of the penitentiary, said the
hoard decided that the convicts should
be taken from the cold climate as a
human act. The State board, guarded
and had absolute control of the con
victs. J. G. Hackett, of Wilkesboro, another
prison director, stated that the con
victs were removed as a protection to
their health. They were allowed to stay j
until January 20th on condition that j
they be worked only in good weather, j
The matter of removal was left entire
ly to Superintendent Mann. The wit
ness thought the convicts could not
have been taken through Tennessee
for the reason that North Carolina
would have lost jurisdiction over them.
Mr. Mann said the Governor told him
not to carry the convicts through Ten-
The board made an order that no
convict can be whipped by a guard, and
the supervisors must make reports on
each case, giving the charge, etc.
Mann read letters to Geo. L. Carter,
a railroad contractor showing the un
willingness of the penitentiary board
to allow the convicts to remain on the
north side of the mountains during the
winter, 17 having died at Lashley's
eainp, 11 of pneumonia, the previous
year, and Informing him that unless
the men were moved to the south side
of the ridge they would be withdrawu
from the work. After a conference be
tween the board and Carter's represen
tative it was agreed that the contract
terminate on January 20th. Mann came
here and arranged for the removal of
the convicts, for transportation and
comfortable cars. At Spruce Pine he
found the contractor and finally agreed
to have 100 of the hardiest convicts .on
the work. Mann instructed him to see
that the sick men were taken care of,
and also that plenty of coffee was pro
vided. He provided $200 in cash to
meet any emergency, and authorized
the purchase of whiskey for the con
victs on their arrival here. If it had
been practicable to have carried the
men wholly by rail it would not have
cost the State a cent. The Governor
advised against letting the convicts go
beyond the borders of the State, and he
took this as an order. No sick men
died en route to Raleigh. One man has
died since making the trip, from a re
cently developed illness; two sick men
are still living, although they may not
recover. He had no contract to pay $50
a day for cars as has been reported. He
did not examine the clothes of the
convicts at Spruce Pine, but was con
fident the men were well provided for.
The convicts left Marion on the morn
ing of the 22nd, and arrived at Raleigh
at 11 o'clock that night. The delay of
the train was caused by a wreck. A
record of every whipping and death is
immediately reported to the superin
tendent. THE KILLING OF DAVIS.
He knew nothing of a killing at
Lashley's camp, but there was a man
killed at Mclver's c:np, a white man
named C. M. Davis, who refused to
work. Two men were ordered to take
him in a building. He stabbed one of
them and dashed out, throwing a rock
at another. He paid no attention to or
ders to stop, and was shot dead by
order of Supervisor Mclver.' Davis had
told a company that he intended to kill
hfs supervisor with his pick.
Superintendent Mann also read a
number of letters to Supervisors Lash
ley and Mclver, urging the proper
conduct of the camps, and the protec
tion of the men. He is sure the con
victs are fed better than nine-tenths of
the laboring people who work for
themselves. With reference to the sick
men brought over last fall, letters
showed that they be transported with
out hardship or suffering. He ordered
that the convicts from Mitchell be al
lowed to rest as long as necessary te
put them in good condition. He could
not say that no convicts were made
sick by the movement, but he was ad
vised that those who have "oeen indis
posed are recovering.
CROSS-EXAMINED BY MR. BIRD.
Examined by Mr. Bird, Superinten
' :&t Mann said the road from Mariom
t ILEIGif, NORTH
to Sprue- was very bad. He sub
mitted to!'. ngthy crosa-exatuinatlon,
tending tcWhow that he himself was
not responsible for any mistreatment
of convicts and was Informed that the
ucn received proper attention under
the disagreeable circumstances.
Supervisor Mclrer, who has been in
the service over 25 year, corroborated
the story of the killing of Davis. He
advised that some of the convicts be
shackled, as they were dangerous. It
would not be safe to shackle them by
the arms. Some of those moved were
able-bodied men. The march from
Spruce Pine was not of an unusual
length, or cruel. He ordered two ne
groes to take bold of Davis, the white
J. C.'.Lashley, supervisor in charge
of the convicts from Spruce Pine to
Majlon. said the convl ts had plenty
of coffee, biscuits and meat, and he was
tolcf all were fed. Wagons had been
piovlded to cross the river, but it was
found better to cross on the ice. He
himself walked across and did not get
his feet wet. The sick men were well
cared for and none of them walked.
The guards are not allowed to curse
convicts. Fires were built In the train
after arrival. No convicts died en
route. He knew, nothing of the itcry
of a man dying after a whipping. The
convicts were comfortably clad.
CROWDS VISIT THE SENATE
To Hear the Opening Prayer By Gen.
Washington, Special. An immense
crowd was attracted to the Senate Fri
day to hear the invocation of General
Wm. Booth, founder and commander-in-chief
of the Salvation Army. Among
the occupants of the galleries were
Booth Tucker, the general's obief as
sistant and son-in-law and a large
number of Salvationists. When the
statehood bill came up, Mr. Depew re
sumed his remarks, and attacked the
Mormon Church because he said he
believed Its members still cling tothe
practice of polygamy. Referring to the
anti-polygamy provision in the State
hood bill, Mr. Depew said that it would
seem that "the fine Italian hand of the
Mormon apostle had been at work in
the preparation of the measure and
that the concentrated influence of the
Mormon hierarchy could be seen in
the determined effort to prevent any
amendment which would completely
exclude polygamy." It is not disputed,
he said, that the vote of the Mormon
Churt'h is absolutely controlled by the
central nierarcdy of that organization,
He declared that the migration of Mor-
mons to the different States and Ter
ritories was not for the purpose of se
curing homes and farms, but in the
rough a compact to control legisla
tion. Any legislation, Mr. Rawlins de
clared, in any State directed at Mor
monism is futile, unless there is a
public sentiment which will sustain
the same, while the question was not
as to the inadequacy of the provisions
against polygamy, but as to the exer
cise of political power. Persecution is
the seed of the Mormon Church, he de
clared, and it did not do any good to
arraign the entire people and brand
every Mormon as a slave, a most un
just accusation. "To do that," he said,
"you solidify those who would aid you
in bringing about the very conditions
you see here." Ths best possible school,
he said, for the correction of these
evils, is to emancipate the Mormons
and leave them fre to work out their
Mr. Dubois said he did not think the
reference of the opponents of state
hood to polygamy v.ere serious. He
declared that if the statehood bill is
allowed to be put on the postoffice ap
propriation bill he would consent to it.
and advocate the placing of the Idaho
constitution relating to elections, as
an amendment and require Arizona
and New Mexico to subscribe to it. be
fore being. admitted. Under the test
oath of that constitution, he said, Idaho
disfranchised every member of the
Mormon Church, and for years they
were without a vote.
After an executive session the Sen
ate adjourned until 1 o'clock tomor
row, to allow Senators to attend the
noon weddirg of Senator Cockrell'a
Three Men Drowned.
Washington, N. C, Special. -During
the heavy' gale of Thursday night the
skipper Maco was capsized in Swan
Quarter bay, and Captain Robert
Wescom, master, and two white men
were drowned. The reports are con Act
ing, but one rumor is that five negroes,
also of the boat's crew, were drowned.
The same evening in Palmetto river,
off Fork Point, two miles from this
city, the schooner "Father and Son"
was sunk. The crew, two in number,
were saved. In the cabin is the purse
of the captain containing $158. The
service of John M. Edwards, subma
rine diver, has been secured and an
effort Is being made to raise the "Fa
ther and Son" from her watery grave.
Eight Flre3 at One Time.
Tampa, Fla., Special. Eight fires
broke out here and were raging at the
same time in' different sections of the
city. A block of wholesale warehouses
on Wnitney.stheet, including the Cuda
hy Packing Company, Tampa Fertilizer
Conrpaiiy, Curruthers Produce Com
pany, Sv A.- Edwards, W. H. Osborne
J. K. Parrish arid Waiter Willis Com?,
pany waa burned. The entire loss was
about $204000. Labor Hall was gutted
by fire and tbe.Tamjpa Furniture Com
pany's mattress factory was destroyed
with several smaller fires.
Statue to fiercer.
Washington. Special Secretary Root
has issued an order to carry out the
purpose of Congress, directing the sub
mission by Edward V. Valentine, of
Richmond, Va., of designs for a bronze
statue of General Hugh Mercer and
has inivted the mayor of Fredericks
burg, Va., to secure and convey to the
United States a suitable site for the
statue, which is to cost $21,600.
CAROLINA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19, -
NOW! STATE LAW ttAIEIS
Proceedings Devoted Largely to tlx
Third Resting Blfts.
At Monday's session' of the Houm
the following new bills passed third
An art to amend the charter of the
Piedmont Savings Bank.
An act to provide for the sale cf
property in which there is a contin
A joint resolution to appoint a com
mittee to investigate the cost of eon
verting the Bute prison building into
a hospital for insane or other useful
A resolution concerning the distribu
tion of the George Peabody fund.
These passed third reading In the
House bill: To !efya special tax in
Sampson to pay expenses of smallpox
Senate bill: To authorize Guilford
county to vote on bonds for road im
provements. House bill: To provide for working
the roads in Smlthfield township, in
House bill: To authorize Jackson
county to levy a special tax.
House bill: To amend the charter of
House bill: To Incorporate Stokes in
Pitt county. f
Senate bill: Authorizing Cleveland
to levy special tax for roads and
Senate bill: Authorizing Tyrrell to
levy special tax.
Senate bill: To incorporate Lawndale
Senate bill: Allowing Lenoir to levy
a special tax.
Senate bill: To change the corporate
limits of Marion.
Senate bill: To establish graded
school In Freemont.
In both House and Senate quite a
number of local private bills were in
troduced, together with many peti
tlonsand resolutions on the temper-
Senate bill: Authorizing Madison
county to issue bonds to pay the out
standing indebtedness of the county.
Ayes 28, noes 2 Crisp and Wellborn.
Senate bill: Allowing Whiteville to
issue improvement bonds.
Senate Bill: To authorize Montgom
ery to issue bonds to build court
a special tax
To authorize Edenton to
Tc incoiporate Rhodhiss
Authorizing Pitt to levy
House bill: To amend chapter 88.
Private Laws of 1807, and chapter 215.
Private Acts 1899 after diligent in
qviry one Senator finally explained
that this bill amended the eharter of
Senate bill: Regulating contested
elections was deferred until Monday.
House bill: To correct State grant
Senate bill: To amend the law, regu
lating notaries fees.
Senate bill: To confirm certain char
ter privileges and rights of ths Suffolk
& Carolina Railway Company.
Senate bill: For better drainage of
land in Lincoln.
Senate bill: To amend pension law
Senate bill: To abolish the board of
examiners of State institutions. Mr.
Glenn said that he did not know that
there was such a board until he saw
their report In the papers and that re
port was thoroughly unjust and unfair
to at least one State institution. He
thought taking the authority for visit
ing the institutions from the Legisla
ture was a great mistake. Hs could
not endorse the work of the examiners
that cost $12,000 and accomplished
nothing. Mr. Spence objected to third
Senate bill: To abolish- standard
keerjer in Vance failed io pass.
House bill: To prevent public drunk
enness in Macon county.
House bill: To shorten time of no
tice of publication.
Senator Reinhardt sent up and had
read a memorial from the agricultural
students in the Agricultural and Me
chanical College asking for an agricul
House bill: To amend chapter 524,
Laws of 1901, so as to eliminate the
oath primary elections except in case
of challenge, applying only to Meck
lenburg county. This bill amends the
law so as to require the managers of
primary elections to administer an
oath "when any voter is challenged in
good faith, the challenger stating
grounds for such challenge."
Senate bill: Allowing M. N. Ames to
practice law and be a justice of the
Senate bill: To regulate contested
elections, was tabled.
Senate bill: To amend The Code, sec
tion 380, with reference to measures.
Senate bill: To amend chapter 750,
Laws of 1903.
House bill: To incorporate the Bank
cf Martin County, was .amended and
House bill: To incorporate the Ral
eigh & Eastern Railroad wfas amended
regarding the rate clause and then
passed second reading.
PASSED THIRD READING.
House bill: To ratify and affirm the
incorporation of the Carolina & Ten
nessee Southern Railway Company.
House bill: To amend chapter 15,
Senate bill: To form a school district
from Cumberland and Robeson.
""Housa bill: To relieve Annia B.
Whitted, of Person.
House bill. For relief of Miss Julia
B. Howard, of Person.
Hcc&ejbill: For relief of Miss Ella
Chandler, of Person.
House bill: For relis! of Mrs. Stan
Senate bill: Regulating hunting in
Halifax and Warren.
House bill: To repeal acts of 1S87 re
garding collecting taxes In Caswell.
House bill: To allow Caswell to levy
a special tatf passed second reading.
Senate bill: Regulating local option
election in Brevard and placing safe
guards about the liquor traffic in Tran
sylvania. Housri bill: For paying school claims
House bill: To relieve Miss Mary
- Senate bill: To relieve Miss Mat
tinette Peeto, of Halifax.
Senate bill: To rlr XU NsnaU
Senate bill: To fsuUta th ! cf
liquor In township No. f. E4gcoab.
Senate bill: To regulate mIi of malt
In McDowf 11.
House bill: Amending an act r?ga
latins: huottoc nd fUhint la Curri
tuck. Houae bill: To prohibit the manu
facture, sale and ehlppieg of liquor to
Moose bill: Resolution regarding the
distribution of the peatody fund.
The Senate adjourned at 1:40 o'clock
until 12 o'clock Monday.
The child labor bill was postponed
coticii ox THitu rAuc
TILL WAN ON HABEAS CORPUS
Vigorous I: f fort Made to act Him
Out of Jail oa Bond.
Newberry, S. C Special. Applica
tions for ball for former Lieutenant
Governor James H. Tillman, charged
with the murder of N. G. Genzalen.
editor of The State, In Colombia. 9. C,
January 15tb. was argued here last
The hearing was presided over by
Chief Justice Y. J. Pope, who on last
Saturday granted the hearing to the
defending attorneys of J.imes H. Till
man. The commonwealth of South Caro
lina was represented by State Attorney
General Gunter and Solicitor Thur
mond. Tillman waa defended by Congressman-elect
George W. Croft, his
law partner and P. H. Nelson, of
Justice Pope signed an order re
quiring Tillman's counsel to serve
copies of affidavits upon the solicitor
general, who would reply if desired,
and the answers of the state will be
served upon the appellants who are al
so given the right to reply.
Monday at noon both sides will be
present before Justice Pope in Colum
bia, and final action will be taken.
Tillman and his lawyers are sure of
winning the decision on the ground of
self defense. The w)llcitor and his as
sistant counsel declare they will resist
bail to the very last.
The hearing of the application for
ball began shortly after 2 o'clock. The
court room was packed almost to suf
focation. There was no demonstration
when Tillman entered as the Judge had
warned everybody to be absolutely
quiet. Tillman appeared calm, then
nervous, impatient and angry at the
varying Btages of the hearing.
Col. Nelson, for Mr. Tillman, con
ducted his case. Affidavits were read
alleging Gonzales had Kent a message
threatening Tillman's life. One affi
davit declared it was expected and be
lieved Tillman would be shot by Gon
zales whenever the two men met.
A lengthy affidavit from Tillman was
read In which he swore he had been
warned by many that his life was In
danger, and that he fired in self de
fense. His affidavit declared that as
Gonzales approached on the fatal day
Gonzales slipped his hand Into bis
overcoat pocket, which Tillman says
he thought was a motion to draw a
pistol. Not until the shot was fired.
Tillman says, he realized Gonzales had
not also shot him.
When the appellants announced
closed the solicitor objected to any fur
ther continuance of the hearing on the
ground that affidavits had been sprung
on them at the very latest moment,
when they had no opportunity to make
Justice Pope ruled after argument
from both sides had been made that
his order would be to continue the
hearing until all affidavits on both
; sides could be answered. Both sides
declined an expression of opinion after
the decision had been announced.
The details of the tragedy in which
Editor Gonzales lost his life are well
remembered. Since the day of the
shooting, Thursday, January 15. quia
and persistent efforts have been made
by Tillman's legal advisers in outlin
ing their plans of defense.
TILLMAN REACHES NEWBERRY.
Former Lieutenant Governor Jas. H
Tillman arrived at 2 o'clock, accom
panied by his brother-in-law. Judge
Buchanan, who is his leading counsel
Other members of counsel who accom
panied the prisoner were R. H. Nelson,
Geo. Rembert-and Geo. W. Croft, form
er congressman, who is Mr. Tillman's
There was no demonstration at the
depot, when the party arrived, as it
was supposed they would come via the
Southern. Instead, Tillman, an officer.
and counsel came over the other route.
Tillman was driven immediately to
the office of Col. Cole Blease. a member
of counsel, where many of his friends
called on him during the short time be
fore the party went to the Crowell ho
tel to dinner.
The officer from Columbia had very
little to do. and no one who did not
j know would have thought Tillman was
Mr. Tillman said: "All I ask for is
a fair trial and I am ready for it-'
While he was talking to ma. one of
bis lawyers called him to the window
and said: "Jim, there's one of the
best friends you have got in the world,
He has been praying for your acquit
"That'g a good friend to have." said
Tillman- "and his prayer will be an
Aftr a brief conference with friends
m tie lawyer s office. Mr. Tllljnaa was
taken to the hotel and dinner was ser
Termination of the Blockade.
Washington, Special. Official otlce
of the termination of the blockade of
the Venezuelan ports, as conveyed -In
the original proclamations, has reach
ed the State Department, in the shape
of a dispatch received from the United
States embassy at London, stating that
the British Foreign Office has given
it oat that a cablegram haa been sent
this morning to the British naval com
mander in Venezuelan: vaters to raise
WINDING IP OF CASL
Mr. Bew Taklag Tke Last SUpa
! VtwiiMlM Cotrersy.
Wat&jftgtun. Sperial. Xllauter Uow
ta experts to begin iramrdUnlr lha
preparation! of the pruforoU wlta the
representative of tb uasilied po
er for the settlement of the claims of
the citizens of thoe nations mho have
suffered as a reult of ire trouble la
Venezuela. There are elhl of thee
claimant nations. The drawing up of
the protocol with this government 1!1
be the firt undertaken, Solicitor Pea-
fletd. of the State Department. Ul
represent the United States In tb
negotiation with Mr. Uowea. Work
on thia protocol, it U exported. M
begin tomorrow and Mr. Ik) wen's be
lief Is that muter will moe forward
with greater rapidity than thry did
with the representatives of the allied
governments ho were enforcing the
blockade agalnat Venezuela. The ne
gotiations with France will follow
those with the United States, and o
on until the protocols with all the un-
allied creditor nations are completed.
The statement has been made that the
allied powers were opposed to prefer
ential treatment to Great Britain. Ger
many anl Italy, r.ad that in all proba
bility Venezuela, the United States
and' France will be lined up as repre
senting the eight unallied nations at
The Hague, as opposed to the "three
Mr. Bowen continues to receive con
gratulatory dispatches from Venezuela
on the outcome of bis wtrk here. One
of those which he prize most highly
Is from the citizens of La Gulara,
through the prefect which read as fol
lows: "La Gulara The citizens of I .a
Gulara through me felicitate you as
the great and good friend of Vene
zuela." Various efforts have been made by
representatives of big financial houses
In this country to sound Mr. Bowen as
to his views on the question of finan
cing the debts of Venezuela, which will
arise out of the expected adjudication
of the claims by the several mixed
commissions. Mr. Bowen. bowcrer,
has informed all those wno have spo
ken to him on the subject that bin
mission here Is entirely a diplomatic
one, and that he could not consider
the financial features of the matter.
POSTMASTER flULLEN IS OUT.
Mr. Smith Appointed to Succeed to
Charlotte. N. C. Special. Mr. W. N.
Mullen was last week removed from
the office of postmaster of this city on
the third charge, it will be remem
bered that the fimt charge against him
was for Intoxication. This was set
tled in a way satisfactory to the de
partment, and Mullen was retained.
The second charge was that a shortage
of several hundred dollars appeared In
his books. This was some weeks ago.
but Mullen showed that the sbotage
was fully covered, and again was re
tained. Last week, however, the
charge was urged that he had failed to
weigh second-class matter, and that as
a result the government bad lost a
Jarge sum of postage. Mr. Mullen was
then relieved and the question of a
successor came up. Mr. Geo. B. Hiss
was tendered the position, but declin
ed. Mr. R. W. Smith was then ap
pointed. Several telegrams were sent
to the department and to Senator
Pritchard urging the withdrawal of
Mr. Smith's name, but this action was
not taken, and it is likely that his ap
pointment will be confirmed.
Ex-lovernor Flshback Dead.
Little Rock, Ark., SpeclaL Former
Governor Wm. Fishback died Monday
Rt his home In Fort Emitb.'of paraly-
sis. He was 72 year of age. He was
widely known as the author of the
fishback amendment, by which the
Legislature is forbidden ever to pay
certain bonds Issued during the re
New Relief Committee.
Mexico City, Special. A relief com
mittee under the name of "Comite Na
cional," has been organized here, to
take the place of the charity commis
sion which has been collecting funds
for Mazatlan. President Diaz Is hon
orary president of the committee. The
actual president is Minister of Interior
Corralll. In view of the controversy
that people leaving the city of Mazat
lan dodge the sanitary stations, and
because of the reported appearance of
the plague at a small town near that
city, the authorities have decided to
make more strict regulations govern
ing migration from the stricken fort.
. The Oregon Deadlock.
Salem, Ore., Special. The last week
of tba hgislative assembly will begin
andJrom present indication there win
be no election until the last day and
perhaps the last hour of the session.
No Joint resolution for adjournment
has yettQeea passed, out tic Legisla
ture wHl probably, dissolve on Frii37
or Saturday. Throughout the entire
session State Senator C. vs. Fulton has
been the leading candidate with 31
votes, 45 being necessary for a choice.
A Special Wrecked.
Washington. Special. It la reported
that the Florida Special on the South
ern Railway, which leaves here at 9: SO
p. m., waa wrecked 10 miles south of
Alexandria. Va, Saturday night. One
man ia said to nave been killed. Phy
sicians have been sent out from Alex
andria. An arrest baa bees made on
a charge of train-wrecking.
Tfca Maaafactwreew CtW ml Caar
krtie, N. C to aa aitmt ercaalfatto.
Its location la a mtraJ ritk ti4
the ttaaafautt&c tatrrt C t& rt4
boat, i-Ckn of lb flowlh AOatW
futew rvatrttxite. fwr&ap. to ttav
If on tllt Cbarlott a4 ta wa
a f ar4 to !& tluV tfcU carj tatm
daee fetm to w hat tenai t" a wU
orga&lao! a4 vt!lait4ed aortal o
ranUalloa. WhlW tiu U tn. a t.
aa a matter of fat. latM aa orgaa
i ration where there U mat aore t
leg on thaa aortal latrenire.
If tae vtaltor waat to bulla a rot
ton mill be ran find threw or four mm
either of wbocn ran tell him ail fcot
It and who ataad ready to furaUh
plana, machinery and build the plaat.
If It is a knitting mill an etr-rrt la
this Una ran b found alo. If It !
machinery to wind bul-ry jam oetu
rones, be ran get fall tnformatlaa aad
buy the machine In the bu!ld!e- tf
It U l.ooo tale of rottoa taat ta
wanted, be will bate several gentle
men pointed out any one of w-bore will
contract to furnish It at rloa market
prices. If It la a cotton seed oil mill
or a refinery or a a'llphorie arid t ham
ber. Ifa all the tame; some member
of the club ran furelah foil lnformatla
and contract in arrotnp'.Uh the detret
rt-u1t. Th club number among Ita
membera yam commluk a bkq from
Philadelphia. New York. roldenc
and Hoftton. and oUter who llr In
Charlotte: alao cloth roiumtlon men
flora the earne rltles. Tb dub baa tn
the l:t of Ita mctnbera numerous rot
ton rolll prealdenta. treasurer a and
manager. Yarn and cloth ar both
abundantly bought and sold la a very
quiet way. A cotton mill president and
a cloth com relation mau alt down to
gether for a quiet talk, and when they
part flQ.OftO worth of cloth baa bea
ought and sold. A mill treasurer and
a cotton buyer happ-n to inert, and la
a few minutes several hundred hal
of cotton have changed ownership.
The club Is really an exchange tn a
quiet way, aa well as a social organ
ization. It reaemblea the Royal El
change In Manchester mora than any
other place tn this country doe, yet
It la not strictly a business organiza
tion, aa the Manchester exchange la.
The organization 1 wholly aortal la
form, but Its mcmbere aim to maka It
facilitate buslnc and contribute to
the IiidiiKtria development of the en
tire territory surrounding Charlotte
Charlottt a VW,0O0Mllt.
In the Manufacturer Record ot
lannary 15 It waa announced that tb
Highland Park Manufacturing to. of
Charlotte. N. C. had derided to build
an addlltonal mill to contain l.(00
looms, but location bad not been
selected, both Charlotte and Bock
Hill. 8. C. being under consideration.
During the present week It was defi
nitely determined that the plant ba
located at Charlotte, certain roncea
aions made by the rity ensuring Ita
Immediate construction. Work on tba
buildings wlil begin In a few weeks,
and the equipment la expected to be
ready for operation by next January
Besides the 1.000 looms mentioned,
there will be 20.000 spindle., and the
plant will rout altout 140.000. aa pre
viously Hated. Stuart W. Cramer of
Charlotte has been engaged aa ar hl-tert-cuglnerr
In charge, and be also
has contract to supply the textile ma
chlnery. Ginghams will be tbo pro
duct. This will be the third Highland
Park plant, the company having now
13,;00 spindle and 1.200 looms at
Charlotte, and 7.C00 ring rplndle with
7fcC looms at Rock Hill. 8. C. In con
nection with this latter plant a cotton
seed oil mill Is also operated, and mem
bers of tho Highland Park company
have formed another company, capi
talized at f 100.000, to butld a cotton
seed oil mill at Charlotte.
Adding 10.500 Spindles, 290 Looms.
Brief reference was made recently to
improvements contemplated by the E.
L. Shuford Manufacturing Co. of Hick
ory. N. C. A definite decision has been
made, and the new equipment baa been
ordered. The company will erect a
three-titory addition to Its present main
b'-iildlpg for the accommodation of 10,
&G0 snindlea and 2'jQ looms, which ma
chinery will be Installed as soon as tba
new structure is ready to receive 1L
Stuart W. Cramer of Charlotte. N. C.
ia mill engineer In charge of tba blue
prints for these betterments. The pres
ent Rbuford plant operates 7J00 cpln
dies and 200 looms on tba prod action
of twills and sateens.
P. H. Hanea of Winston. N. C is
Installing dyeing plant at bla knitting
It la reported that J. Abemathy of
Uncolnton. N. C will organize com
pany to build a Urge cotton mill.
It Is teported that Indian Head
Mills of Alabama. Cordova. Ala. will
buiil an addition for tho Installation
of more looms. Company now ba 27.
472 spindle and 840 looms.
It Is reported that Watts of Lau
rens. 8. C will Install 2f00 splndlea
and 1.000 looms, instead of the 15.000
fcplndles and 500 looms announced
It'ls reported that T. L. Johnson of
Gadsden. Ala, baa sold land at Glen
coe, Ala, to a cotton manufacturing
company that proposea ot Hiring the
land as site for erection of a mllL
Extract Wool Merino Co. of Chat
tanooga. Tena, will Increase capital
stock from 120,000 to $40,000. This ad
ditional capital la proposed for the pur-,
poae of enlarging the plant.
Granite Falls Manufacturing Co,.
Granite Fall. N. C, recently reported,
aa'to add spinning machinery, is zot
Increasing M tpldieage. b?t zseely
replacing worn-out equipme'st. Plant
now baa 5.000 splndlea.
Messr. B. Frank Jiebana. w. n.
Walker and J. 8. Patterson Lave la
corporated Unkm Supply t Cotton Co.
of Spray. N. C with an aatbortaod
capital of $500,000. The com pan a
purpose is stated to be the manufac
ture, of cotton yarn and other pro
duct. Rome iGa.) Hosiery Mill, recently
reported Incorporated, etc, with Xlif
Gt capital, baa arranged for imme
diate Installation of equipment. There
will be sixty knitting machines, - pro
ducing 200 dozen pairs ot men's and
women's hose daily.lL W. Thurston
win be manager.
The Caucasian (Clinton, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Feb. 19, 1903, edition 1
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