North Carolina Newspapers

rJ-ti - .
NO. i0.
y Newsy
Items Gleaned Frtm
Murphy to flanteo.
The Haywood Trial.
Italeigh, Special. The trial of Ern
est Haywood for the killing of Ludlow
Skinner was began on Thursday of
last work. The Jury was selected with
out much difficulty. Twenty-five wlt
ri'!.ws were examined Friday. With
the exception of two wltnesesa none
testified to having seen anything of
the killing until they were attracted hy
tho sound of a pUtol shot and saw
Haywood standing on the sidewalk
near tho FOuth end of the postoffice,
with his smoking pistol levelled at
Skinner, who was moving rapidly
serosa the street. As he came near to
the center of it the second shot came
:h .Skinner slightly turned, and then
ho rinded till he fell to the ground on
Ma face, dying almost at once. The
evideneo for the State was not con
cluded Friday.
Fire at High Point
High Point, Special. The machin
ery room of tho High Point Mantel
.'lt d Table Company's plant was de
stroyed hy flro Thursday night about
1 2: 30 o'clock. The fire started in the
drying houses close to the machlnpiy
lmililing, which were also destroyed.
Prompt work on the part of the local
lire. nen saved further destruction. Th
lf.SH outside insurance is estimated ot
about ? 10.000. Enough factory prop,
ert.y in close proximity was saved by
the firemen, which otherwise would
have burned, to pay for the water
works :;cvrral times over. The burned
dihw t will be rebuilt at once.
North State New.
Internal revenue agents Wednesday
at Milton. Casewcll county, made the
largest k izure of liquor known In the
Mstory of the bureau In North Caro
lina. Six thousand gallons, valued at
$!t.i)ui were irized by Deputy Collec
tor St.irbiick, Just as the barrels were
heltiK loaded on the train for ship
ment. Tho 11" barrels were all prop
erly f tnniped, being seized for viola
tion of tho revenue law. Officers de
elino to give the particulars. The
whiskey will be stored In government
Avnrehouses in Greensboro, unless the
owner gives bond. The distillery be
longed to T..M. Angle, of Milton, It
being tho most extensive government
til'jry In that district.
Knowles, the trusted night-watchman
for tho Hardin Manufacturing
Company, was taken to Dallas Wed
nesday and placed In Jail by Deputy
SherifT Robert Rhyne, for breaking
Into tho company's store. The com
pany had been missing money and
cheeks for some time, and set a trap
to catch the thief, allowing two per
rons to stay In the store. About 10
o'clock the watchman entered and
went to the money drawer, where he
was standing when the lights were
turned on. Knowles then acknowl
edged to the theft.
At a meeting Wednesday afternoon
of natives of North Carolina who are
residents of Uichmod, Va steps were
taken toward the formation of what
is to bo known a3 the North Carolina
Society of Richmond, and a committee
was appointed to represent the society
at tho gathering of the North Caro
lina "dispersed abroad," to be held at
Greensboro; October 12. Rev. Dr. W.
W. Moore, at the Union Theological
Seminary, was chosen to be the
spokesman of this delegation.
Appointments to University schol
arships aC Columbia were received
Tuesday. They are for postgraduate
study and are valued at $150 each.
They are awarded for excellence in
study and general merit. Among the
recipients is Leonidas Wakefield
Crawford, Jr.. of Greensboro, course
in English literature. He is an A. M.
of Trinity College, of Durham, and A.
M. of Columbia University, 1903.
Tho grand jury at the Charlotte
court house Tuesday afternoon found
a true bill against John Kirk, col
ored, for the murder of Will Smith,
also colored, near Ebenezer, in Sahron,
about two weeks ago. The defendant
has not yet been apprehended.
Woman Defaulter.
New York, Special. Marie Layton
Johnson, aged 29 years, the wife of
Albert M. Johnson, a dentist of Lareh-
mont, N. Y., with an office in this city,
waa arrested Friday night on a war
rant specifically charging her with the
grand larceny of $2,000. The total
amount of her defalcations, howevar,
may, it is said, amount to $50,000.
Loss By Fire.
Messrs I. S. Phipps and John M.
Andrews, of Greensboro, lost their
tobacco barns by fire Tuesday night
Mr. Phipps finished curing his to
bacco and the fires were drawn, tak
ing the precaution of putting water on
the embers, but on Sunday afternoon
In some wf.y the barn caught fire, de
stroying all of the tobacco and several
vehicles which were under the shed
of the barn. Mr. Andrews was kill
ing out his barn of tobacco when It
caught fire and was destroyed.
An education is not a short cut to
a soft snap.
S. & W. to Be Extended.
Jphnson City, Tenn., Special.
Georgt L. Carter, president of the road
announces that the South & Western
Railroad, formerly the Ohio River &,
Charleston, is to be at once extended
from Johnson City to the West Vir
ginia coal fields and from its North
Carolina terminus to the Atlantic
coast. The extensions will aggregate
several hundred miles. The road was
originally projected from Charleston
to Chicago via Cincinnati.
Conditions for Past Week as Reported
By the Department.
The past week was very favorabie
for all kinds of week. Practically no
precipitation occurred anywhere dur
ing the week, except on the Immediate
coast, and the complete absence of
moisture was somewhat detrimental to
late crops, especially turnips, crimson
clover and grass recently seeded. The.
temperature was nearly normal, but
the nights were generally cool, espe
cially on the 22d, 25th and 2Sth; mod
erate temperatures during the day
made conditions very pleasant for out
door work, which progressed rapidiy.
The soil la apparently In good condi
tion, and fall plowing for wheat and
oats is well underway. The amount of
sunshine waa above normal fcr the
Cutting oid corn was continued dur
ing the week; some late corn has also
been cut and shocked, though much of
it is still too green In several wosteru
counties; the bulk of the corn crop
has matured sufficiently to be safe
from frost, and will give a large yield.
Fodder pulling Is nearly over. Late
cotton has been somewhat injured by
cool nights, and generally the dry, cool
weather has tended to hasten the ma
turity of the crop; it is opening rapidly
everywhere, and picking is general;
some correspondents report that half
the crop has been gathered; indica
tions are still for a short crop. In
some sections in the northern portion
of the State late tobacco is reported as
the best crop for some years, probably
on account of the excellence of late
cures; the work of housing tobacco is
nearly complete, though there is &ome
in the fields which might be damaged
by an early frost Making hay, pick
ing peas, digging peanuts and sweet
potatoes and harvesting rice progress
ed favorably during the week. Turning
and fall Irish potatoes need rain;
many turnip seeds have failed to
sprout. Some farmers are sowing crim
son clover, grass seeds and some ad
vance is reported in the seeding of
winter wheat. Early sown rye is be
ing injured a little by insects.
The next Weekly Crop Bulletin will
be the last issue for the present season.
Government Crop Report.
Washington, Special. The weather
bureau's weekly summary of crop con
ditions says:
"The principal corn States have ex
perienced weather conditions excep
tionally favorable for maturing late
corn, and while frosts have been quite
general in the central and eastern por
tions of the corn belt, no material
damage ii indicated.
"With generally seasonable tempera
tures and practically no rain over
the entire cotton belt, cotton has open
ed rapidly and picking has been active
ly carried on, a Hrge part of the crop
having been gathered. Cool nights and
the general prevalence of drought in
the central and western districts have
been detrimental, and rust and shed
ding continue to be extensively report
ed, although rust is somewhat less
prevalent In Georgia. On the whole the
crop has suffered deterioration, espe
cially in tfce central and western por
tions of the belt. Little or no top crop
is promised. In Texas the plant has al
most entirely ceased fruiting and in
some central counties is dying. In
North Carolina the conditions have
favored the maturity of late cotton,
In South Carolina premature opening
has been checked.
News of the Day.
Robert P. Skinner, the American
Consul-General at Marseilles, will
penetrate the wilds o,f Abyssinia,
guarded by ft detachment of American
marines from the European Squadron,
to negotiate a commercial treaty with
the King of Abyssinia.
The Rappahannock Fair began at
Lilburn Bales, aged 14 years, is said
to have fired 38 shots into the body
of John Taylor, of Russell county, Vir
ginia. The orders for a restriction of the
anthracite coal output has affected
nearly all the collieries in the Wilkes
barre region.
H. H. Rand, formerly confidential
clerk to the Postmaster-General, and
lately assistant superintendent of the
Salary and Allowance Division, has
been dropped from the rolls after in
definite leave without pay.
In an address to the grand jury
Chief Justice Lore, of Delaware, took
occasion to severely denounce lynch
ing. Leader Murphy, of Tammany Hall,
proposes to indorse Edward M. Grant
and Charles V. Fornes, nominees on
the fusion ticket.
James W. Erwin, one of the in
dicated postal inspectors, continued
.his testimony before the United States
Commissioner in San Francisco.
Armed detectives were on guard at
W. G. Rockefeller's Adirondack cot
tage and around his estate.
Fourteen culprits were severely
whipped in the Newcastle County
(Del.) Jail yard and a large crowd,
including women, witnessed the
bloody work.
Gov. A. B. Cummings, of Iowa,
opened his campaign for re-election at
Des .Moines.
The Sheffield Scientific School will
make test on 20 members of the army
hospital crops with a view to fixing
the minimum amount of proteid neces
sary to maintain normal life.
Snow has fallen on the Balkan
mountains, greatly increasing the
hardships of the Macedonian refu
gees. Gen. Ian Hamilton thrived on the
Lucania from England and will visit
Southern battlefields.
End of First Week
ia a Famous
fluch Testimony Given By
Wltneases-The Defense's
Fourth Day.
The fourth day of the trial of Jans
H. Tillman, charged with the murder
of Editor Gonzales, which was cloat 1
with the adjournment of court was
taken up almost wholly with the read
ing of editorils fiom The State tils
which were placed in evidence Tues
day. It was not anticipated when the
Trading was begun that one-half the
time would be consumed that was
taken, and even then there are about
two columns yet to be read. It is esti
mated that some 30 columns were read
during the day. The papers from
which the editorials were read ran
from the first of April to the end of
February. 1902. Twice during the day
Judge Gary suspended court momen
tarily because of the strain on the jur
ors, who listened intently throughout.
C. J. Terrell, the editor of a news
paper at Johnston, S. C, was among
the first witnesses Friday.
"Mr. Terrell, I wish you would state
to the jury whether you ever heard
James H. Tillman make any threat
against Gonzales," said Solicitor Thur
mond. After stating that he had, and in
answer to a qur.-tion saying it was on
the streets of Edgefield, just before the
beginning of the campaign of last sum
mer, witness was asked to state what
he said, w-ben he made the first state
ment. "We were walking along, and I spoke
to him about his health and his im
provement from his trip, and as we
neared the office door and we had been
discussing some printing he wanted
done, he made the remark that he was
going to run for Governor and was go
ing to bo elected, and if tbat
, referring to Mr. Gonzales, with
several pretty sever oaths, attacked
him like he had been doing that he
was going down and kill him like
a dog-. I remonstrated with him about
that. I told him I thought it would be
wrong in principle and every way, and
the best thing he could do, if he had
given him any insult or cause for any
thing like that, was to go down there
and tackle him man and man and give
him what he thought was needed. He.
said no, that he was going down there
and give him no more show than he
would a mad dog."
"Did you at any other time hear him
make a threat?" the solicitor askeC
"Yes, sir," witness replied. He thes.
said, in answer to questions, that it
was on a train going to Columbia, and
that 0. D. Black was present. In
answer to an inquiry from the solic
itor, the witness said: "Black and I
were talking, and Colonel Tillman
came up, and I introduced them. I
said. 'Colonel this is Mr. Black, do you
know?' He said, 'Oh, yes, I know
Black,' and slapped him on the shoul
der or leg, slapped him that way (in
dicating) and from that the conversa
tion went on on general topics until
presently he referred to what he called
the 'Gonzales matter.' I want it dis
tinctly understood, I am not trying to
quote verbatim what was said, but I
am just giving an idea of my recollec
tion of the words that were used. He
said, 'Black, old boy, I am going to S
what I said about that old fellow. I am
going to put an end to his way of abus
ing me, slandering me, etc., like that.
I am going to put a stop to it, some
thing like that; I don't remember the
exact words."
Asked as to any other statements
the witness said, "On the day they
were canvassing the returns in Colum
bia. I went to Columbia to make a
trial for advertising. I was standing
in front of the Attorney General's of
fice, talking at the time to Attorney
General Gunter and Secretary of State
Gantt and Watson I think his initials
are F. J. Mr. Watson, of The State
E. J., I think are his initials. All four
of us were talking, and just as Tillman
came up Gantt and Gunter walked off
and Colonel Tillman, addressing Wat
son, made some statements. He said
that scoundred with some oaths
before it in that building yonder had
attacked him. He went on to ay about
his attacking him and being unjust to
him, and made seme threat, I don't re
member the nature of it, but he said
he had had as much of it as he was
going to have, and made some demon
strative threat and told Watson: 'You
can tell him that if you want.' Watson
declined to do it. He said: 'I wish you
would do it. I made it with the inten
tion of it going to him,' in a demon
strative way. that way (indicating),
and Watson declined to do it."
The testimony of Dr. Adams was to
the effect that Tillman, in a interview
had said he "would snuff his (Gonza
le's) life out with this," referring to
pistol. Several other witnesses were
put on the stand for the Stale.
The first week of the . Tillman trial
closed with Saturday. The State
practically exhausted its evidence, of
which most was only in ccrrober
tion of that already given. The de
fense opened with its first witness.
The defendant's witnesses heard
Saturday was Mary J. Roper, who was
fnrmerlv from Elefild. but is now
living in New York. During the year
1902 she had charge, she said, of an in
firmarv at Spartanburg, and nursed
Captain Raphael Elliott, an uncle of
N. G. Gonzales. Mr. Gonzales, she
said, visited his uncle at tne mnrm
ary there, and when asked if she had
heard Mr. Gonzales make any refer
ence to Mr. Tillman in his conversa
tions with Capt. Elliott, she replied
in the affirmative, stating what she
testified he said concerning Mr. Till
man. In hr direct examination the
witness made this further statement:
"He asked me if I considered Col.
Tillman a brave man; I told him I
certainly did; he said he did not; that
he had made Mr. Tillman show the
white feather twice; that Col. Tillman
had challenged him to two duels which
he did not acknowledge and that Cel.
Tillman had no more resentment than
to come to him in the hotel lobby and
offer him a cigar, which was declined."
"Was It one or more occasions that
you heard him speak of Mr. Tillman
in this derogatory manner?"
"On several occasions, the few
days he was in the hospital," repiled
the witness.
She said she had known Lieut. Got.
Tillman's family all her life and that
the families are connected by mar
riage. Miss Roper said she had never
heard Lieut. Gov. Tillman make any
threats towards Mr. Gonzaloa.
After this the trial was adjourned
to Tuesday, Monday being assigned to
the conskiera4n of othr business.
'A poor potato crop is reported from
The Car-Wheel Trust wa organized
recently with SO.OOO.lKX) e-tipital.
Railway earnings are a million dol
lars a week greater thin year than last.
Surgeon-General Rixey has decided
to urge on Congress the enlargement
of the General Naval Hospital at Ports
mouth, Va.
German coal is gaining a hold in t'ie
Frenr-h markets, and the French State
railways have ordered S(X tons at
$ i.fiO a ton.
The Corset Manufacturers' Associa
tion at Berlin has agreed to raise prices
five per cent, because of the increased
cost of cotton.
Land estimated to contain upward of
P,r000.000 feet of standing timber on
Coquiiumo River, Oregon, was sold re
cently for $.ir0,()00.
A plague of fleas has infested Chi
cago and the physicians and Health
Department are unable to cope effect
ively with the insects.
Over 10.00V)00 pieces of -mail were
received in the year ending June 30 by
tho Dead Letter Office. $iS,G31 in
money being found in them.
Frederick Marriott, who sued Trux
ton Beale and T. H. Williams for $100,
000 damages for shooting him, was
awarded $10,780 against Williams.
Detroit, Mich., is turning out from
sixty-five to seventy-five complete au
tomobiles daily, wiih a likelihood of
producing 100 or more each day next
James Keffer. murderer of William
Warren, was banged in the jail vard
at Lander. Wyo., after a last night
spent in singing, dancing and telling
stories to the death watch.
A receiver was appointed in the Uni
ted States District Court in Connecti
cut for the Consolidated Lake Superior
Company, and an injunction was is
sued restraining a forced sale of the
Kent cricketers defeated the Phila
delphia team by seven wickets.
Golf "has reached a fixed and d efinite
place among our national sports.
Quarterback kicking is to be a feat
ure of this season's football games.
Buffalo is a bit sore because Jersey
City won the Eastern League pennant.
Pitcher Charley Chech, of the St.
Paul Club, won twenty-two out of
twenty -five games pitched.
Harvard's football team will have a
heavy rush line. Her centre trio this
fall will average more than 200 pounds.
Lajoie claims that the Clevelands
would have won the American League
pennant easily if Bernhardt had not
been injured.
According to reports of sportsmen
the hunting season will be a failure in
Pennsylvania if rabbits are taken into
Hugh Duffy, once the captain of the
Boston National League Club, has been
engaged to manage the Philadelphia
National League nine for l'JOl.
Captain Hunt, of Cornell, although
he has played guard heretofore, has
developed into a great drop kicker, and
recently has been playing full back.
Major Taylor, the colored bicycle rid
er, has returned to Worcester, after a
campaign of ten months in Australia,
India and France. He said it was his
last trip.
The Chicago Baseball Club is pretty
well satisfied with the distinction of
being the only one that has defeated
the champion Pittsburg's in the sea
son's series.
Jimmy Michael will return to Amer
ica this fall and take up cycle racing.
The midget will remain for next sea
son, riding probably under the man
agement of James C. Kennedy.
The $5000 stake for three-year-old
trotters was the feature of the opening
of the grand circuit trots at Cincin
nati, and was won in three straight
heats by Ethel's Pride, best time 2.15
Boisterous Lads Proved Themselves
Not Wholly Bad.
There was notairg lacking in the
way of rowdyism on the homeward
bound car from Bath Beach. All the
"boys" were on it, and made it perfect
ly apparent to other passengers that
the conductor had nothing to do but
collect fares, and that the motorman,
big as he was, had little concern in
what was going on behind him.
In the next to the front seat sat a
little, bent old woman, her white hair
plastered smooth beneath one of those
curious little black silk bonnets that
are never seen in the shops, but which
old women seem to know where to
find. She wrapped her shawl closer I
srnnrH Yi pr frail fimiro r e tYtn rr-rvAiaz !
became roiser and reared at the con
ductor when he made a f ?eble effort to
step them. Finally they started to sing
a shameless scng. A man who was
riding home with his wife and two
children stood up in the car and man
aged to secure a moment's attention.
"Oh, come, lads," he pleaded; "not
before mother!"
The shot struck home. There was
order on that car until the little old
woman got off near the Brooklyn en
to the bridge. tfew York
German women use the word "club"
to designate a school organization, but
not annlv it to. assrvMations or
unfcms of working women. They pro-
nounce it "kloob."
State Oilos a Point Cy Admlssoa ol
Dead Mao' Account of Tragedy.
Lexington. S. C. Special. The thirj
day of the famous Tillman trial result
ed In the Introduction of the dying
statement of the deceased. The point
waa hotly contested. Mr. Jas. A. Hoyt.
Jr.. testified cn this point, and was
closely cross-examined by the defence.
Dr. C. W. Barron, of Columbia, waa
at the hospital when Mr. Gonzales waa
brought there from The State office.
He said he asked Mr. Gonzales wiihin
ten or fifteen minutes after he had
been carried Into the hospital:
"N. G., do you understand your con
dition?" "I do." the doctor aid Gonial re
plied, when witness said he asked him
the further question:
"Do you undezstand. N. G.. that you
will probably die?'' The reply being,
witness testified, "I do."
The doctor sa!d Mr. Gonzales had no
hope of recovery. He considered Gon
zales in extremis. Witness 6ald Gon
zales made a statement at the hospital
which the witness said Gonzales sa! 1
was a death statement.
Dr. J. W. Babcock, superintendent
qt the State Insane Hopsital, saw Gon
zales as be lay on the floor In The
State office. He described the location
of the bullet wounds, and gave the
opinion that it was indicated that the
body of a man receiving such wounds
was on the point of turning. Dr. Bab
cock also saw Gonzales at the hospital
just after he was received there. Gon
zales, he said, made a statement to him
which he said he took down in long
hand notes. Reading from his. notes he
said the following were the words of
Gonzales, as near as he could take it
"He had one man with him who was
a particular friend of him, Tal Bird;
another man wfcose face I did not ob
serve. I started for the State House
as usual. As I got to the corner of
Gervais street I recognized Tillman. I
knew if I kept on I would collide with
him as they were three abreast, both
cn the outside. I cut diagonally across
to the left, intending to turn the cor
ner into Gervais street, which 1 could
have done without touching the Inside
nun. As I got on the turn, two or
three feet from the exact corner, Till
man pulled a pistol he had in bis
sleeve and fired and made some ex
pression. The shock threw me around
nr-niriRt the nillar on Main street. I
faced him. He pointed the pistol; 1
called him coward. He said: 'I took
your advice,' or something to that ef
fect; he put his pistol in his pocket and
sauntered into the street. I never sent
him a message. He said, I have taken
you at your word.' I suppose he re
ferred to something I said in an edi
torial in the campaign. He said this
after he fired. I had no id?a of meet
ing him. I had seen him two days be
fore in the lobby of the House. The
thing was finished as far as I was con,
August Kohn, a well known news
paper man, testified that Gonzales said
he had sent no message to Tillman.
Killed By Cave-In.
Columbus, Ga, While making
measurements in a deep trench in a
public street here Wednesday after
noon, Superintendent of Public
Works Robert L. Johnson and a negro
workman. Brad Smith, wfe killed by
r. mass of dirt caving in on them.
The alarm was given immediately and
a force of workmen was sent to rescue
the men. While this force was at
work, a second cave-in followed, bury
ing seven or eight men. Mayor Chap
pell ordered the hook and ladder
ruek of the fire department to the
scene with several firemen to help in
the work. Quick work saved the lives
of five workmen, who were dug out of
the trnech. but two or them are fatal
ly hurt. The bodies of Johnson and
the negro Smith, were recovered. The
injured men were sent to their homes
and physicians are giving tnem meai
cal attention. Superintendent Johuson
was one of the best ksown civil and
municipal engineers in the South. He
was formerly engaged in government
work. He leaves a wife and four ehila
en. Not Coming South.
Pine Bluff. Ark., Special. In re
sponse to an invitation to visit tha
Branch Normal College, colored, here
In the event of a Southern tour by
him, former President Grover Cleve
land has written as follows to Prof.
Isaac Fisher, principal of the eolleg?.
"The reports in the pres3. indicating
that I intend soon to pay a visit ti
the South are entirely without founda
tion. I have had no such intention,
though I know that I would enjoy such
a trip. If it were true that I were to
make such a tour and come to the
State of Arkansas, I do not know of
anything that I would like better then
to pay a visit to your school."
A natch Rece.
Memphis. Special. Secretary Murry
Howe, or the Memphis Driving Park
Association, announced that arrange
ments have been concluded whereby
rrince Alert. 1:57. and Dan Patch,
1:53. will meet in a match race on the
opening day of the grand circuit meet
ing, which begins October 20. On the
second day Lou Dillon, the trotting
qufen, and Major Delmar, recently
purchased by E. E. Smathers, will tret
a specially arranged race.
Bryan to Speak.
Columbus. O., Special. It Is an
nounced that Hon. Wm. J. Bryan will
be in Ohio on October 5 to lend as
sistance to the Democratic cause. He
will speak at Napoleon and Oak Har
bor during the day, and in Sandusky
at night. He had promised to give
three days to the Ohio committee. Tml
j preparations for his European trip re
duced this ccm to one.
Ttat Committee ol Org aatird Labor
Walla a the Prti4cat.
Wajhlftttoa. Speclal-The .ireutite
council of the American rVJrratJeo of
Labor hat ImltJ an a4irea to orgaa
lied labor. h!ca advocate the elstt
hour day. oppe abut? by the rvurt
of the writ of Injunction aoi tUcccly S
asarta the principle of the utsloa
shop. The addrrvu describe tne rrreti
conference with PrealJeat UcoeIt.
quoting the President at favoring the
eight-hour bill. In the conference, tijt
the address, the "open sho Ide aa
carefully considered. The aJJrens con
tinue: "Replying to statements on the sub- j
Jct. President Hoorrlt set forth that
In his decision he had nothing in mlnj
but a strict compliant with Federal,
including clvlj service law. and that he
recognized a difference b-t-en em
ployment by the government clrcum
tcribel by those laws and nay other
form of employment, and that !i!s de
cision In the Miller casj hjul 1 net be
understood to have any otht-r en-t or
Influence than affecting diia employ
ment by the government in c
therewith. He furthermore male pisju
that In any form of employment ex
cepting so rlrcunnrrUrfM. he be
lieved the full employment of union
men was preferable either to nun
union or "open hhop."
"In view of the publicity given thl
subject, the executive mi.nul of the
American Federation of I.a!or likes
this opportunity to say the trade
union movement stands for strhtly
union shop, experience having proxel
that where the 'open .shop' system has
been tried, reduction in wases : nd
profits have ensued, with r-neral dis
aster to the Industry practicing th.t.
system, and therefore declares that tiie
best interests of the labor movfj&ent
calls for the employment of union
workers and dlscourag'-? in every way.
shape and form the deteriorating ef
forts which fedlow reo:;nitior of the
"open shop.' "
The address argues thui the sure.
of agreements with employe-rs d in I3
on the complete organizaf:on of labor,
for only an organize ! )n j e an carry
Into execution such an agreement.
Condition of the Treasury.
Washington. Special. Mr. Roberts.
Treasurer of the United State, has
submitted to Secretary Shaw his re
port en the condition of the Treasury,
June 30. and its operations during the
past fiscal year. .The total net reve
nues for the year were loC0,?.idS,H.
an increase of $38.9S,439 over the
year preceding, and the total expendi
tures $506,099,007. an Increase of $13.
782.034. The surplus was $34.297.CC7.
as compared with $91,287,373 in 1902.
In the receipts there was in increase
pf upwards of $30,000,000 from cus
toms, and a falling off of over $41,000,
000 from internal revenue, the latter
being the result of legislation enacted
with that object. On the side of ex
penditures there was an Increase in
every important account, except pen
sions and Interest, in which there were
slight savings. The expenditures for
the two military departments, whlcn
together amounted to $191,237,554.
forming by far the heaviest outlay for
any single purpose, were upward of
$21,000,000 greater than the year be
fore. Treasurer Roberts places the mone
tary stock of the country on June 30.
1903, Including gold and sliver. Uni
ted States notes. Treasury notes and
national bank notes, but not certifi
cates, at $2,688,149,621. an Increase of
$124,882,963 for the year. The Increase
in gold was $60,137,401. and in na
tional bank notes $56,998,559. The
total estimated stock of gold was $1,
252.371.990; constituting nearly 47 per
cent, cf the whole. The cold in the
Treasury amounted to $631,420,789.
after a gain of $71,220,480 In twelve
months. Of the receipts from customs
at the port of New York, constituting
67 per cent, of the whole 88 per cent,
were In gold. The increase of the
monev in circulation during the year
was $121,740,252. of which $59,997,700
wa3 in gold certificates and $54,520.
193 in national bank notes. The share
of money for each person Increased
9 cents and the proportion of gold
to the whole rose to 42 per cent, the
highest ratio ever "recorded. There haa
been a continual increase In the pro
portions of paper currency of the de
nominations of $10. and under in cir
culation, but the growth hardly keeps
pace with the demand. The supply can
be increased if Congress will authorize
the issue of gold certificates for $10.
and remove the restriction on the la
sue of $5 notes by national banks.
Twelve Persons Drownee.
Mariette, Wis., Special. The pas
senger steamer Erie T. Hackley of
Fish Creek, foundeded in Green Bay
Saturday night, during a hard aquall.
and twelve persons were drowned and
seven rescued. The dead: Joseph Vo-
rous, captain; Tfuchly, cook, of
the Hackley. Passengers: Freeman
Thorpe, Fish Creek; Edna Barrlnger,
Fish Creek; Lawrence Barrlnger.
brother of Edna Barringer. Fish
Creek: Francis Vincent. Egg Harbor;
Vincent, sister of Francis. Egg
Harbor; George LeClalr. Jr.. Jaefcson
port; N. Fitxsimmons. Jacksonport;
Henry Rabbiter, Fish Creek; Carl Kel
ly, Fish Creek; Nels Nelon. Sturztoa
A flitch Rrc-. j
Howe, of the Memphla Driving Park
Association, announced that arrange
ments have been concluded wherety
Prince Alert. 1:57, and Dan Patch.
1:59, will meet in a match race on the
opening day of the grand circuit mecl-
:cg. which begins October 20. On the
ccond day Lou Dillon, the trotting
V-ieen. and Major Delmar. recently
purchased by E. E. Snialbia. will tret
a specially arranged race.
FfCStfCfit lOOSCUll GitCS lltiaitCQ
ia Miller Cut
Tne I'retlarat I tha bole Per' l
Unable to Recognita the IWraanda
of Any Creed or Organlcatloo.
Washington. Fial An Important
conJcrrnc took rtaro at the WLlte
ouimp Tuesday fcigbt Mwn Irrsl-
tint Roosevelt and e tambrrs cf
tbr eieciitltf council tb American
Toleration tf Ulmr. including Presi
dent Gompra and John Mitchell, ttol
of the Miners' Union, du'leg wbUh
the case cf Foreman W. A. MtJlr. cf
! the gote-rntxtrnt rrlntlcg rUte. ta
tho prtneit! topic cf d!scuslon. The
et tfeifiic granted at th rrqut
cf th labor leaders. The Miller caj
as very fully frrcalrd by the raera
lers tf the exeruUv council, at the
dose cf which the President male a
statement in which Le announce! that
his decision not to dismiss Miller ai
final and that the quetkn of fcU per
sonal fitne must L settled In the
ngular routine of adminlUatin.
The statement says:
"As regards the Miller . I bate
lit t "10 to add to what I t.ate alnaty
Kiid. In dealing tth It 1 ak uu to
le-uie-mtfT that 1 am dealing jurely
wtth the relation if the gowrnronl
te Its employe-. I rnut grne-rn ray
action by the laws ejf tbe lar.d. whla
I am sworn to administer, and wtleh
differentiate any case la which the
government ef the United States U a
party from all other cases what-er.
Theso lawg are enact pd for the bene
fit of the whole iwople. and cannot anj
must not 1m? e ontru- l as j i:r.lPl:.g
discrimination against some ef th
people. I atn President cf all the j--ple
cf the United States, without re
gard to creed. odor. Mrth place. r
cupathm or Kexlal condition. My altn
is to do equal and exact justice as
among them a'l. In the em;loymnt
and dismissal cf men In the govern
ment service I can no more reeopr.lze
the fact that a man el- er dt s not
belong to a union aa being for or
agalnt him than I can reccgnlze tho
fact that be is a Protetttiit -r a
Catholic, a Jew tr a Gentile, as being
for or against him.
"In the communications rent me by
various labeir eirganlzations pretesting
agalnt the re-tc-utkm of Miller in th
government i rintlng office the grt-uada
alleged axe twofold:
1. "That he is a non union man.
2. That he Is not prnonally fit. Tht
question of hi personal fitness Is chi
to be settled In the routine of admin
istrative detail, and cannot le allowed
to conflict with or to complicate the
large question cf governmental dis
crimination for or against him or any
other man because he It or Is not a
member cf a union. This is the only
question now before tne for decision;
and aa to this decUlon Is final.
Die Rise In Cotton.
A New York ppecial to the Chariot".
N. C. Observer of Wednesday says:
With September cotton at an advanc
of 145 pointa for the day and tr,np
than 200 In two day and likely to g 1
higher, and with news of quirk ' teg
menta 100 pointa higher, the .v
York cotton exchange Tues lay eav
the culmination cf the moi: sure-,,,
fully carried out corner In cotton !
the history of this market .a c :n--whlrh
has made for W. P. Urown. '!
New Orleans, the leader, at the Jeit
calculation between $7.000.0o0 and $:.
000.000 ia September option abir.e.
Tuesday In one hour cottcn rose nort
than $5 a bale, because the men wh
had a theory that the corner would o!
hold and sold by the thousands
bales were not able to find It to buy 1 1
make the deliveries they had contract
ed to make tomorrow, and had to i -
It of the men who had previously ao! l
it. In order to prevent the rsarh
rising to absolutely rulnou
many of these have made 'ttlemrr
within the last two days with suri
a cent a pound above the market rat.
Troop Withdrawn.
Burgsa. Bulgaria. By Cable. Dis
patrhes from the Insurgent chief. Gerl
Jlkoff, who haa teen conducting oper
ations In the Klrkllca district, cr.
nounce that the Turkish trooja hs 4
been withdrawn from Zabernovo. Kar
lovo and Graiaticoco. three points 01
the Turkish frontier. It la understoot
that this movement waa In accordant
with the request of the Bulgarian gov
ernment that Turkey withdraw he"
troops from the frontier aa a sign tZ
the rcerlty of ter pacific declara
tions. The positions vacated by the
Turk are now occupied by Insurgents.
Gets a Scholarship.
New York. Special. Appointment
to University scholarships at Colombia,
were received Tuesday. They are for
pot-grsduate study' and are valued at
$150 each. They are awarded for ex-c I
tenee In study acd general merit.
Among the receipts In Leonldaa Wak'-
field Crawford. Jr.. of Greensboro. N.
C. course in English literature. He !tf
en A. M. of Trinity College. Durban.,
N. C, A. M. of Columbia Univcraity,
Flotilla Goes to .Man la.
Norfolk. Special. The first trpej
boat flotilla, consisting of the !.-
tur. Dale, Bainbridge. Chauncey. c
Barry, la preparing for-a voyage
Manila, and will be ready to sad. it
expected, about hx first of Noveml
The flotilla wflL under the com ma 1 J
of Lieutenant L. 1L Chandler, and w B
be conveyed by the cruiser Baltinioiff.
- -" .

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