FiALEIGH, N. C. THURSDAY, JANUARY 19. 1911.
EDITORIAL BRIEFS! MEASURES KUST PASSjMARIQN BUTLER'S RALEIGH SPEECH
ticnr iiuxst mn coxvxvson un
WITH 1UE LAiraitEOS
That penitentiary gurpiu in one
than the irishman' flea.
Ho does the proposition for a
million dollar bond Issue etrike you?
Adams County, Ohio, is almost a
famous as Halifax County, North
If the trust are afraid of this Leg
islature, they are not saying any
thing about it.
There were ways and means by
-which Congressman I'ou was gotten
off that committee.
Jf the legislature votes out near
bee r, wonder what will bo the nam
of the next intoxicant?
At the Baltimore "conference" j
Tuesday Mr. Iiryan was very con- j
picuous by his absence.
Those Democrats who think that
"consistency is the bug-bear of little
minds will wake up some day.
If there is anything going on that
does not suit you, now is the time
to have the Legislature pass a law.
The Democrats have assumed the
resposibillty for revising the tariff.
They don't even know trouble when i
they sco it.
Of course the State will have to
issue bonds it the Legislature is go
ing to increase salaries and eyeate a
let ot new offices.
The Wake County juries might
also save some criticisms by seeing j
the News and Observer before ren
Where is that penitentiary surplus
the Democrats were talking about in
the last campaign? The State Treas
urer's office is badly in need of it.
Even the Democratic prohibition
ists did not seem to object to the
strong liquid refreshments served at
the Baltimore "conference" Tuesday.
The Legislature should appoint a
Vigilance Committee to locate that
penitentiary surplus of which we
heard so much during the last cam
paign. Some of the Democratic Congress
men are now trying to boom Champ
Clark for President In 1912. They
had better wait until they get him
Some of the Democratic members
of the Legislature have gotten so
they don't mind asking for a million
or half-million dollar bond issue al
most any day.
Since the State Senate ..Committee
has killed the black and white con
cubinage bill it might not be amiss
to ask what is "white supremacy"
and "pure Democracy" anyway?
If there is another Democrat in
the State who wants to be appointed
a justice of the peace he should
hurry up and say so. The Legisla
ture has already appointed them as
far as its acquaintanceship runs.
The News and Observer says that
Congressman Small was the only
member of the North Carolina dele
gation that voted right on the Can
non matter. Wonder if the other
members in -Congress will now be
read out of the party?
The negro Democratic club In
Brooklyn, New York, has offices In
the .Thomas Jefferson Building and
onlya few doors from, the white
Democratic club. Wonder if both of
these organizations are advocates of
pure Jefferson Democracy and white
Where is that long-lost secret
midnight white-washed report on the
rottenness of the management of the
A. & N. Cj Railroad under .Demo
cratic good government? That re
port was so bad that it not only was
never allowed to come to life, but it
soon disappeared from its official
resting-place in the Governor's of
fice. Is there riot enough patriotism
In the present Legislature to put
through a f resolution calling for tiie
finding, unearthing and publication
of that odious midnight document?
Qr President Taft May Call
an Extraordinary Scssici ?
WANTS A TARIFF COMMISSION
Dt-mocratj in Congress Show More
Inconsistency by Again Reversing
Themselves , Party Wanting in
Convict Ions tThe Democratic Free
Trader in Charge SImmons-Pou j
Compact Trailing in the Dust!
However, Pou Will Be Allowed !
the Privilege of a Free Bath.
(Special to The Caucasian.) j
Washington. D. C Jan. 17, 1911. j
At the beginning of the present j
session of Congress, President Taft
was very hopeful that legislation to
broaden the scope of the autHorKy
of the tariff board or commission j
could be passed. He also was hope- j
ful for the passage of one or two j
other Important measures, including j
one for the .building up of a mer- j
chant marine, the fortifying of the j
Panama Canal, the establishment of
a parcels post, at least, in an experi- j
mental way, and indeed several other ;
measures to which the party was j
committed In its last National plat
With the passing of each day, the
chances for any of these reform
measures grow less. Therefore, it
has developed within the last few
daye that the President is seriously
"considering the calling of an extra
session of Congress immediately after
the 4th of March, unless some of
these measures become a law at this
session. It is generally believed
that the President is sure to do this,
unless at least the measure for
broadening the scope of the author-
ity of the Tarjff Commission becomes
a law before the 4th of March.
New Orleans or San Francisco.
A very spirited contest is now go
ing on here between the rival advo
cates of San Francisco and New Or
leans as the place for holding the
exposition to celebrate the finishing
of the Panama Canal in 1915. A
large delegation from each place is
here, and the friends or partisans of
each side are lined up.
While the arguments in favor of
the celebration of New Orleans as
the most logical point seem to be the
strongest, yet it must be admitted
that the proverbial hustling quality
of the Westerner is being evinced by
the representatives of San Francisco
in such a marked degree that it is
possible that- San Francisco may win.
It was suggested by a prominent
Congressman from the Mississippi
Valey on yesterday that it would not
be a bad idea to provide for an ex
position to be held at both places, so
that those who desire to can go first
either to San Francisco or to New
Orleans, and then go through the
Canal and return by the other expo
sition. While it can not be said now
that it is possible,, that this compro
mise will be made, yet there are not
a few who think it would be not only
a desirable solution of the contest,
but that an exposition at each end of
the Canal was desirable for patriotic
and National reasons, and that both
The finishing of this Canal will
mark the completion of the greatest
project "ever undertaken by man. It
is not only a great National project,
but it is a wTorld-wide project in its
importance, and it is certainly big
enough to justify a celebration by
the leading city nearest each end of
the gigantic waterway.
More Glaring Democratic Inconsis
tency. When the news of the fact that the
Democrats in Congress had reversed
the position they had taken at the
last session of Congress, when they
lined up with the insurgent or pro
gressive Republicans to overrule
Speaker Cannon and make an im
portant amendment to the rules of
the House to limit the Czar-like pow
er of the Speaker, there wasgurprise
and more or less caustic Criticisms
indulged in from one end of the
country to the other.
So general and so severe has been
the pointed : criticism of Leader
Champ Clark : and the other Demo
cratic Congressmen for, this exhibi
tion of want of convictions and
standing for principles, that .they
have been ever since looking for an
opportunity to try to break the force
of their present - inconsistency and
hypocrisy. The opportunity came day
before yesterday when another effort
was made to overrule the Speaker,
at which time all of those Demo
crats who had voted with Speaker
Cannon two weeks ago rushed to join
the progressive Republicans , and
overrule him. ; '
A prominent Republican to-day
commenting upon this Democratic
exhibition, said:' "Nothing which the
Democratic party has ever done in
(Continued on Page 2.)
4 J 1 T
vjrccicu uyui rcmcuuuus rkuuicucc acre
He Exposes and Denounces Sim
mons, Daniels and Others,
LYING. AND COWARDLY SLANDERERS RAlfc
He Trainee Proof Conclusive to Show That He is not Now and Never
Has Had Any Connection, Either Directly or Indirectly, With Fraud
ulent Carpetbag Bonda He Shows That These Honda . Were Co
eel red and Engineered by a Conspiracy of Leading Democrat, and
That They Iiooted the State, and Not the Republican He Exposed
the Miserable Record of Hypocrisy of Simmons, Daniels, Overman
and Otherslie Proved That Senator Vance Had Denounced Sim
mons as Being an Unscrupulous Politician and a Man Unworthy of
the Confidence of the People of the State He Showed How Daniels,
With Baseless Ingratitude, Hail
Had Befriended Him and HJa Widowed Mother, and Also How He
Betrayed and Misrepresented Senator Vance to His Grave The Speak
er Was Given a Warm Welcome When He Entered the Hall,
Was Frequently Interrupted by Vociferous Applause, and Waa Given
An Ovation at the End of Ills Speech.
(Continued from last week.)
Democrats Waul Foreign Made Goods
"Another complaint' the speaker
' said, "which the Democratic party is
constantly making against Republi
can policies and Republican prosper
ity is that the people of this country
are forced to pay a much higher price
here for articles comprising the nec
essaries of life than they would the
same articles k in foreign countries.
They point to this as a great injus
tice against our peopte and indeed
they denounce it as robbery, and they
say that this robbery is brought about
by the Republican tariff wall, and
therefore they declare that their
greatest desire is to tear down this
wall, bo that we can buy manufac
tured articles and all kinds of goods
The Watch Illustration.
"In nearly every campaign they
take certain articles which they use
as object lessons. In the last cam
paign, one of the object lessons that
nearly every Democratic speaker used
from one ocean to the other was' to
hold up a watch and say that this
watch could be bought for two dol
lars in Europe, while here it cost
three dollars. Then they would ask
who got that extra dollar which we'
were forced to pay here, and they'
would charge that It went into the
nnotot of rrot R0nhnMn tmt ,
"It is noticeable, however, that our
Democratic friends never tell the vot
ers the fact that it takes more labor
in Europe to buy that watch than it
does here. In Europe, a laborer of a
certain class, working for fifty cents
a day, would be required to work
fmir rtavH to hiiv that wntrh fnr two
Holloa Th.t CQr0 low i Ma
country would receive, at least, one
dollar and a half a day. Therefore,
in this country, the laborer doing the
.same kind of work could work two
Bays and buy the same watch, paying
for it three dollars.
Conditions Here and Abroad.
"The fact is that a laborer in this
country, whether working in the
mines or In the cotton factories or in
the fields, can buy with each day's la
bor more of the necessaries of life '
than the people in the old countries,
employed in exactly the same trade
"Mr 3,mflirnmn .
the AmprSJan vJr iLr
Sent IS ll X
ocai ivvv, btuujrius uie couuiuons ut
the laboring people in each Country
in Europe and comparing their wages
and conditions with similar labor em
ployed in this country. He made an
official report of his investigations,
which was published in the American
Federationist in January, 1910: In
discussing conditions in Great Bri
tain, Mr. Gompers said:
" 'In the United Kingdom the poor
dress in much the same clothing sum
mer and winter, the large proportion
of the people in shabby clothes in the
streets of Dublin, Manchester or Lon
don giving an impression to the
American observer of a prevalent
poverty. . .... . w
" 'The housing of the .wage-work
ers of the various European countries
as compared with that of the same
class In America would, in order to
bring out the full truth, require a
long and faithful study.' . , . . .
'The wage-earner with them is re
garded as permanently a rent-payer,
an animal in a stall in a five-, six-,
or seven-story stable. No; not one
animal in a staU not so good as that
- whole families or a herd of lodgers
live in one of the stalls. The doub
ling up of families of relatives, the
keeping of lodgers, the hiring of a
small apartment by several young
persons, such devices for distribution
among many persons of the burdens
of rent must be general in cities
where apartments are made the land
lord's investment and few small
A I! - !
Hounded to His Death a Man Who !
homes are built to sell the man with
a small purse.
" The immigrant, coming to Amer
ica, finds that if he can buy in quant
ity (and in cases wiiere he need not)
his flour, fuel, potatoes, oil. sugar, j
uuuee, wn-iue esseuiuus lor ms .
iJiaiu tauie an ieaa mau luej
uiuiaauy m iub uuu uu ieii. '
"Mr. Gompers contrasted the wages
of a number of the different classes , were enforced against him." S. II. 5. by Mr llarhain To
of people, but we have time only to j This is the second slap which has amend Chapter 4 45 of the Public
refer to one illustration. He point-; been taken in the moit prominent ; Laws of 1909, relative to lbs tre4
ed out that a man doing book-work Democratic newspaper in Ohio against of automobiles. Committee on pVep.
in a printing establishment in New j Harmon. For Harmon is the man m Tons and Grievances
York will get $21.50 a week-, for ex-; who is thought to be acceptable to s. H. C7. by Mr Cobb- To change
actly the same work that in London ; the trusts and the railroads, inas- the name of the Indians heretofore
is done foe the low wage of $9.50 a j much as he was and still is the at-. known as Croataas to that of Chero
Wek . , ! torney for several railroad trusts in : kees. and to provide separate apart-
Now should not our Democratic j Ohio, including J. P. Morgan & Co. : ments In the State Hoipital at Ila-
lnenas, ueiore mey auempt io tear
uowa mis iiepuoucan xarin wan mat
protects our labor in America, be
truthful andfair enough to try to
show to the people that the expert
book-maker in London, who gets only
$9.50 a week, can buy, more neces-4be
saries of life in London than the
same worker can buy in New York
for $21.50 a week?
The High Plane of Living Here and
the Low Plane Abroad.
"The fact is, that the people of the
United States farmers laborers,
manufacturers and wealth-producers
of all kinds indeed, all of our peo-
pie live upon a higher plane of com
fort than do the people of any other
country in the world. The difference
between our high plane of living here
and the low plane of living abroad is
measured by the height of the tariff
wall about which our Democratic
! friends so loudly complain. The
Democratic party wants to tear down
that wall and reduce us here to the
' !amf low levf wltn tne PePle in a11
"Is there a single man, woman or
child in the United States, who knows
the facts, who could vote to place in
power a party that would propose to
do such an un-American and unpatri-
otic thing? -
The Mean Tariff R,e.
"The Republican rule about the ta-
8 inf this: hf 1 wa"
I De iust hign enouSh to C0Ter the dif-
ference in the cost of production here
&nd ahT0SLd- lt is CW to
the waU that high because if u is
lowered" to a-poinf wHero It will not
fh.f Aiffpr(inc then our waeea
- - ' 1 : majjii.j j t. an lucuiucis v uuiu
and our high plane of living here j Houses present and voting is neces
must go down just that much. j sary f or election
The Fight Between the Progressive i An effort to make the nomination
and thft Stand-Patters. I ot Mr. Sheehan unanimous failed be-
m m w. x x a 9
me uemocrauc pariy is ma&mg a t
new attack on the Republican party 1
and its tariff policy by pointing to the
strenuous fight inthe last Congress
between what is known as the 'Stand
pat' or 'RegxUar' Republicans on the
one side, and the 'Insurgent' or 'Pro
gressive Republicans on the other.
"It is true that there was a great
battle between the Republicans over
the last tariff bill. Indeed, it was the
only battle there was, because the
Democratic party was so incompetent
and so uninformed 'and so divided
that it was not able to perform the
duties of or even to present the ap
pearance of a party of opposition.
But what was that fight between the
two wings of. the Republican party?
Was it a fight oyer principle? No.
Every Republican in Congress to-day
believes in the great fundamental
rule by vhich the policy of protection
is to be applied, and that is. that the ':
tariff rates on each article shall be j
just high enough to cover the differ
ence in production here and abroad.
A Difference as to Facts Only
"There was no controversy between
Republicans on that rule or that prin
ciple. The whole controversy was as
(Continued on Page 3.)
WIU OffwiM Ills fr lrret f
W4 11 rr.i cwui.
1 Gotrrtor Juimu Hsrsoa. f 0sa,f
la r-ot al all rc?tabl t t C;sla 1
I aati Uzitixttr t&r irr;4si of ts
United Start, s dlfeal ll Of of j
I that ecf paper, 3o alto ov
ashlngtoa Pott, mill coat a
tastioa. Is a axais to-day
fbea James 'X. FsulVtMrr. the Ce!
Iambus corret jxjsdent for the lis
i qulrer asd the rrl political dictator
! behind all its sieves, coses oat w'.ta
another blat at Harmon's Ideas of
j running fo? the Presidency.
I Paul a e r says tait wbea the ctxt
I big political deal cosies around ta
j ta asked to waive her rlcat for the Sr,tcr Gra&am. of Or, iatro
1 Presidential nominee. Ohio mill taut- j dseed a Mil la the Senate T&ars4ay
ter two words, to-wli: "I past " to provide for tbe payment t alt tp-
He says that William Jennings proprieties that feav bn mad or
Bryan is the real dictator of the par- j
ty and w,n say ho iU be aea j
I by the Democrats.
His next paragraph reads:
"In the first place. William J. (
wants no man acceptable to the :
j trusts. Whom does that let out,
brethren? Next, he must not be close!
I to the railroad. Who goes into the
S discard, people? Again, he must not s
) have a speaking acquaintance with
the protected Interests. Whose goat 3
does that get, men of Ohio? lastly,
he must not have the taint of the
support or the friendship of the 11-;
quor interests. Who Is Rung by thli
harsh imprecation, fellow-electors?
js u possible that this psrty in Xe-
sraska is cracking don on one or
s oalo s favorae sons. Verily, it look
: mat way. Kven Tora L. Johnson
j would not pass master if the.e things
; ne is also said to have promised
, the liquor interests so to amend the
liquor laws of Ohio that they will be !
perfectly acceptable to those men. In ;
fact, the Legislature has a majority i
of "wet" votes, which are thought to j
able to pass any legislation that -
faction of Ohio politicians desire.
NEW VOHK DEMOCRATS NAME
relating to pensions of Confederate
The Party Still in the Hands of the ! veterans.
Trusts and Gamblers. . . j By ilr. Taylor, of Vance: Looking
Albany, N. Y.. Jan. 16. William to the Protection of the Supreme
F. Sheehan was nominated as theiCourt aDd Agricultural Department
Democratic candidate for United buildings from destruction by Art.
States Senator to-night at the joint) Kjr Mr- Connor, of Wilson: To
caucus of Democratic legislators, re-1 amend Section 43 of the Rerisal, re
ceiving sixty-two votes, four more ! at,ve t0 tne rvice of summons.
than a majority of all the Democratic
members of both Houses. The fact,
however, that twenty-five members
refused to attend the caucus leaves a
strong possibility that to-morrow
when the Legislature votes In regu
lar session he may fail to receive the
number of votes necessary .for elec-
Besides Mr. Sheehan's, the names
of Edward M. Shepard, of Brooklyn.
and D. Cadr Herrlck. of Albanr. and
j New York, were the only ones pre -
! sented to the caucus. Mr. Shepard re-
vedtwo vote, and Judge
Th a twpntv-firo wuiatnr xchn
bolted the caucus will be in a posi-
Uion to declare themselves unbound
by its action, and even if all those
! wfco entered the caucus vote for Mr.
I Sheehan to-morrow, the absentees
ican prevent his electIon because a
! cause two assemblymen objected.
Two Houses are obliged to take at
least one ballot at noon to-morrow.
If neither Mr. Sheehan nor any one
else receives a majority at that time
the Legislature will continue to bal
let In this manner until a choice is
Republicans Name Depevr.
Albany, N. Y., Jan. 16. Chaun
cey M. Depew was selected by the
Republican caucus to-night as min
ority candidate for United States Sen
ator to succeed himself. Senator De
pew received fifty-seven of the sixty
eight votes cast and his selection was
made 'unanimous. Among others who
received votes were Theodore Roose
velt 2, Andrew D. White 2, ex-Mayor
Seth Low of New York.
Judge Harlan Gets Some Good Chew
ing Tobacco at Last.
Washington, D. C, Jan. 1 6. Pres
ident t Brown, of a North Carolina
concern, Hearing of the complaint of
United States Justice Harlan that be
could not secure good chewing tobac
co, has sent Judge Harlan 2 pounds
of choice North Carolina plug made
by .a formula and methods nsed forty
Bill Introduced is its Lcb
Ittcrc for HtHon Dollar?'"'
TO KOLEASZ JUDGES PAT
fj Salary tram tl.&sa
f. fVf ItUis t tmtrmam
Habo4erviesf WK1 Have
a (Vamliat IXrm t4 tkeu
mewl iVverml rArlwrr lUls
A IWd of InU fulls latrv
may be made by tats Legislature, aad
the redemption of Stale Ik?b4s faiila
due oa January, It it. The bill aa
thorites tfee Stale Treasurer, oa ap
proval by the Governor to borrow ta
necesasry faads or to Issue I per rest
bonds to ae extent of one cslllloa
dollars, payable la forty ytara.
Senator GrahstaV Hit to tsaka
Washington time !ra! time ta Ncrta
Carolina was reported favorably by
The following bl!U paje4 first
s. 11. C2, by Mr. Lemofed: To
amend Section :C2 of the UtvisM,
relative to rni. Committ
s. n. cs fcr jr Relnhardt
conserve the cattle surmir of thm
; State. Committee
leigh for the Insame
117 Mr. Carr. of Duplin: To regu
late passenger rates in North Caro
By Mr. Carr. of Durham: Relit
ting to payment of county officials of
Durham County (salary basis): also
uy .Mr. Turllnrton:
Section 1904 of the Revlsal and give
the State Corporation Commission
supervision of railroad track scales,
By Mr. Ewart: To raise the age
limit of working public roads from
18 to 21 years.
The following calendar bills jrere
j ?ut on lbe,r ond and third read
' R- 33: Relating to Ashlar in
1 A,teiar,e Sound, amendatory of
v'nPr iu. acis 19 03.
j J. "
! aDle aiJd subjects of lareency. Pass-
! edT,aJrJeing' "
Mr- Ros: To amend Section
j1,507 of Hevlsal, relating to Juritdlo
"oa , ? rms of Superior
1 Courts' al -Ul providing for the
registration of planU and surveys.
President Newland announced the
appointment of a committee oa Leg
islative Apportionment as folio wi;
Thorne, chairman; Hicks, Bassctt,
f?,0? ' f HarUeli, Davis, I vie.
Martin of Buncombe, Long, Brown,
Barbour, Coxe, Rascoe, SIgxnoa, Pln
nlx, and Mashbum.
Passed First Heading.
S- B. No. 79. by Mr. Mawkins: To
limit the liability to be assumed by
Fidelity and Surety Companies. Re
ferred to Committee on Jeu dietary.
S. B. No. 82: To authorize clerks
of courts to pay out sums of money
less than $100 deposited with them
for indigent children. Referred to
Committee on Judiciary.
S. B. No. 83, by Mr. Armstrong:
To provide for filing a bond or de
posit to1 secure cost or fees In refer
ence cases. Referred Committee
Passed Third Reading.
IL B. No. 7: To prohibit the sale
of malt, near-beer, or beerine, in
Macon County. v :
S. B, No. 1 0, by Mr. Fisher:; Re
questing our Senators and Represen
tatives in Congress to Tote fer New
Orleans as the proper site for hold
ing the World's Exposition.
In the Iloase.
The bill Introduced by Repreca
( Continued on page 6.)