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0 / 75
RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 9. 1911
Look out for the machinery bill.
Wonder when the legislature will
atl don to "brass uck"?
7be successor to Aycock's mocking
fcird has been busy in this Slate for
the past week.
That million dollar State building
ould also provide more room for
. . .
. . . t .....
maj have teeth in Lyt they don't
very proraiin. jv,
The head of Tammany '1 favors
the direct vote of United fc. s Sca
tters by Charles F. Murphy.
The suffragettes nave not yet sent'
it their petition, to the Legl.lature. ;
iJcwever, it is not too late. !
Senator Brown says the
Triury needs a "watch dog." Well, I
ves that is4 they did need one.
As the State is already in debt,
aow can it afford to pay for the Dem
ocratic primaries all over the State?
If they establish all those new
counties many will have to learn
their geography all over.
An exchange says that office hunt-j was held to consider what position
ing is contagious. Yes. but the Dem- "iat Party would take Congress on
' the new reciprocity treaty with Can-
ccrats haven't quarantined against j ada Qnly aDOUt a hundred Demo-it-
i cratic members attended, and those
present split wide open on the ques-
Champ Clark says the world is'tj0n at issue. Some were squarely
rowing better. Champ probably lor free trade; some were out and
thinks so because M was elected out for protection as the great Amer-
j ican principle.
Speaker. ; etween these two extremes there
. T . . , . , , j were all kinds of varying Democratic
Phis Legislature has made a rec- .
i views, apparently covering the forty
rd for the number of bills intro-,; ninQ different known varieties of
duced. But that is the only record j Democrats. Some of the most mark
it has made. ' ed differences in these varieties were
. i that one would be for free raw ma-Ex-Governor
Glenn dropped off in ; terials and for moderate protection
Albany, N. Y., for a few minutes last I on manufactured articles, whihi an-
Monday to tell them how to run their
If they are going to make the
ext Governor's salary $6,000, then!
they should make it a point to elect j
a 6,000 Governor.
The bill to create four new judge
ehips in the State causes many to
wonder who are the four Democratic
-lawyers that need relief.
The Democratic primaries have
bankrupted several of the Democratic
.politicians and now they want to put
the expense on the State and bank-
The fact that the State is running
out $200,000 in debt each year
aaay be a sign of "good government,"
bnt it looks different on the surface.
A resolution was offered in the State
Senate Friday against the frequent
change in fashions. Well, wait un
til the hobble-skirt becomes obso-
And now they do not want one man
to keep over a quart in Cleveland and
Rutherford Counties. They probably
are afraid there will not be enough
to go around.
A press dispatch says that a Cox
y's army will march on Washington
early next summer. It will be about
lime if the Democratic Congress gives
be country free trade.
Aa the House voted Tuesday to re
peal the charter of the town of
Shore, the inference is that Mr. Glenn
Williams has no further use for the
The Democratic politicians want
to gerrymander the close congres
al districts, but at the same time
they seem to he afraid of the propo
sition. At last accounts the Wake County
officers had not paid the $200 assess
ed against each of them by the News
and Observer for its free use of
"poke-berry juice" during the cam
paign. Some days ago the Biblical Re
corder contained an editorial on "The
Unfairness of the News and Obser
ver." The Biblical Recorder has been
long suffering in not expressing such
an opinion of that sheet moons ago.
a democratic split
Party Caucus Showed Widely
Divergent Views on Reci-
nrnritv With CanaHa
THE PENSION PROBLEM
Southern Soldier Should ILcceire
Share of the Millions Voted for
Pension. Still ProsiectJS of an Ul
tra sMon of Uongre -initiative
and Referendum in Oregon Cain?
Before the l"uiteI State Supreme
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C Feb. 7, 1911. ;
President lalt has won a great vic-
torjr in the House in putting tnrougnjin the campaign in order to dodge
that body the measure which he has ) the real issues. They did it to prej-
&rctiu0ualy ailvocate1 pro,ldlng ) udlce and bind tna voters. Ti
for a permanent tariff boara or com-L. . ,.,
i mission, w ith broad uowers. to gath-i
. . t .
cost of production here and abroad. I
The argument was so overwhelm
ingly in favor of this rational solu
tion of the tariff question as a great
American policy, that thirty-three
Democrats broke away from the ma
jority of that party of inaction and
negation and voted with the Republi
cans. Another Serious Democratic Split.
Last night a Democratic caucus
oiner wouiu oe eitner lor inouerate
or high protection on raw macerials ,
and for moderate or no protection on
As an illustration, Congressman
Webb of North Carolina announced
tnat ne was opposed to tne recipro-
"ljr uciauw u uu a.u.
tue present lunu. uuues uu buuit5 raw
materials which he had promised the
constituents of his district to vote to
protect, while, at the same time,
Congressman Kitchin took exactly
the opposite position, in that he had
voted against any duty to protect
lumber, and that he was opposed to
protection in any form on the raw
materials of his State and the South,
or on anything else.
The majority of the caucus, how
ever, voted to endorse the reciprocity
treaty, on the ground that it lowered
some of the present tariff duties,
even though it will, if it becomes ef
fective, hit very hard some of the raw
materials of the South.
StitU Prospects of an Extra Session
President Taf t announced, when j
his proposition to have a permanent
tariff board provided for by Congress
seemed to be doomed to defeat, that
if that measure failed he would call
an extra session of Congress imme
diately after the fourth of March.
Whether that position of the Presi
dent influenced many votes in favor
of the President's policy or not, is
not known, yet the situation as to
the success of the legislation for such
a tariff hoard at once became more
It is now thought that the Presi
dent may also call an extra session
if the reciprocity treaty with Canada
The Pension Problem.
There has been agitated for some
time in Congress a proposition to pay
a pension of some kind to every per
son who served in the Union Army
in any capacity during the late war
between the States. The scheme to
increase pension bounties has been as
strenuously urged by Northern Dem
ocratic Congressmen as by Republi
cans for many years.
The war closed forty-six years ago.
A quarter of a century after the war
closed, the amount of money paid for
pensions by the Government was only
about one-fourth of the amount paid
to-day. At that time It was thought
that the appropriations for pensions
would rapidly decrease each year,
and no one dreamed that at this late
date there would be as much as ten
mUlion dollars to be paid in pensions
to Union soldiers. !
There are not. living to-day one
tenth as many Union soldiers as there
were twenty-five years ago, and yet
the pension rolls hare doubled, trip
led and fquadrupled To-day, even
many of the cooks and body-servants
and hangers-on of every kind have
Somc pf Ae RcajonJ Why They
The' Lincoln Tlces.J
ttili sauallin BatSr
and bond, They are not very iitil,
eithr. No one credit! them with
bring ignorant in the matter. If But
ler had had anything to do with the
carpet bag bonds" every honrsf an j
sensible man knows Senator Sltamoni
and Editor IMniei would have met
him in Raleigh and proved It on hta;
they would have jumped at the
chance. Butler offered them the
chance- They did not accept it.
That proves that they knew it was
simply a campaign squall.
They squalled "Butler and bonds"
'Knew ii ine voters cuum &e uu kx-
managed in one awy-or another to
ffAt An Vi - runciAn rt1
j Everybody, no matter whether a
Union man or a Confederate, is in
favor of proper and adequate com
pensation for all war veterans, no
matter whether in the Mexican War,
the War Between the States, the
Spanish War, or the Indian Wars,
but to-day we have reached the point
where it seems the whole business
may run to seed, through partisan
There is a serious economic 6ide to
this question, which may be briefly
stated as follows: That when one
hundred and fifty or sixty million
dollars is annually taken out of the
National Treasury, which money
comes from taxes collected from the
people in the South as well as in the
North, and is paid in a lump to peo
pie in one section of the country, that
this creates an annual and eternal
drain on the South, which contributes
its measure of the taxes but receives
none of the disbursements
A Measure of Justice to the Southern
Soldier and Also a Financial
If it is to be the continued polhv
of Congress to appropriate a hun
dred millions or two hundred mil
lions, or three hundred millions for
that matter, annually for pensions,
then why should not there be some
attention given to a proper distribu-
tion of this enormous sum. There
is now pending: in Congress a propo-
sition to increase larerelv the Densions
for Northern soldiers or the hangers-
on of the Union Army.
During the recent dis' ssion in
Congress on this subject, it develop
ed that the question of the receivers
of the pension being a Union soldier,
with a meritorious record, was some
what lost sight of in comparison
with the question of the amount of
money to be distributed, the chief door the negroes opened fire. Mum
idea seeming to be the bodily sufler- ford was shot through the head and
ing and exigencies of the recipients
of the fund
Most of the Southern soldiers were
killed during the War Between the
States There are not a very great
number still living. Every one of
these Southern soldiers who is still
living is equally entitled to a pen
sion from our re-united and common
country as the Northern soldier.
Most of them are more needy than
the Northern soldier, and, besides,
tney nave struggled in their maimea
and decrepit condition for more than
forty-five years without any compen-
sation. A pension to these soldiers
would not only be an ordinary mat-
ter of common justice, but to some
extent it would equitably distribute
the enormous fund now raised and
paid in pensions to the different sec-
tions of the country
If the pending bill and the pro
posed amendment thereto are made
especially applicable to the Southern
soldiers, there would still go four
times as much money to the North as
would go to the South in pensions,
Why should the South be further
punished and drained financially,
even if the needs, to say nothing of
the deserts of the Southern soldiers,
are to be considered?
The Supreme Court Passed on Oar
Form of Government
The establishment of the initiative
and referendum in the State of Ore
gon has resulted in raising a grave
constitutional question that Is aowciety mUst eventually conclude to so
pending before the Supreme Court of segregate feeble-minded children as
the United States The purpose of tQ preyeI1t their reproducing was one
those who favor the Initiative and J of emphatic declarations made
referendum is, through that method, to-nicht by Dr. H. H. Goddard, of
to eitner aooiisn or moauy tne
publican form of government pro
vided for by our National Constitu
tion The primary object of the support
ers of this reform Is praiseworthy, in
that the theoretical desire is to bring
the Government closely to the peo
ple, but in doing this a more or less
radical attack has been made upon
the organic act known as our consti
tution' The square question that will
SqualI-"ButICr and Bonds.
t rata gist the iMxocrau h4 been.
many of them mould think before
they voted. They ttiali "Butter and
bond so. m belief e, for to rea
sons. (Jl To divert the isiadi of
the voters from the doing of the
"pie - counter dispensary" now la ila
leljKti creatine oSce. salaries, debt
and bonds, and 2 they think But
ter will have re-published the report
hoing who were the real bene-
Cclaries of the "bondi" they talk o
much about; they want to prejudice
and poison the minds of thep eople
against the facts in that published
report. They would give a one hun
dred thousand dollar bond iue and
make the tax-payers foot the bill
they could destroy the facts
has. As we see it, this is why they
squall "Butler and bonds."
be presented before the court in the
argument of this case will be: Does
the Constitution of the United Staes
provide for a Republican form of gov-.
. -" &
ernmeni, or noes it provide lor a:.
pure democracy where the people act i
directly in manging their local. State!
auu .anonai uovernment insieaa oi
through representatives elected for
The argument of this case before
the Supreme Court, and the decision
of that august tribunal will be
watched with unusual interest by ev-
i3 Muueiit oi popular government. ;
...la . '
not oniy m tnis nation, but in the j
TWO OFFICERS SHOT
Deputy Sheriff Mnmford and c, : an expert W right aviator.
of Police Glover the Victims ; Aviator Volunteer for Service.
Were Trying to Arrest Two Neg- j New York, Feb. C. Alfred J. yo
lws nuirfwi Whii linhiuntr titnr. ! sant, brother of the late John B.
Wilson, N. C, Feb. 3. This town
is laboring under the greatest excite -
cold-blooded murder of Deputy Sher -
iE George Mumford and the probably
fatal shooting of Chlef-of-Poiice A.
O. Glover this afternoon by negro
desperaders, whom the officers were
trying to arrest.
This morning the authorities here
were notified to look out for negroes
who broke in a store at Dunn last
night and stole several pistols and
other merchandise. This afternoon
one or more of the negroes was lo
cated in a negro house near the Nor
folk Southern Railroad yards and the
officers went to the house to make
the arrest. Deputy Mumford and
Chief Glover went to the front door
and Policemen Warren and Wynne
stood guard at the rear. As Mum
ford and Glover entered the front
Glover through both lungs. The
former died in less than an hour and
the latter is expected to die at any
Make Good Their Escape.
Immediately , upon seeing the of
ficers fall and before either of the
officers stationed at the rear could
run around to the front the criminals
darted out ,ot front door and es-
ranlfl ninndhnunds were broueht
here on a speciai train and are now
following the trail. Posses in auto-
mobiles iL buggies and on foot are
scouring the nearby country, and the
miUtary company, reinforced by hun-
dreds of citi2ens, is 0n duty picketing
tne roads to prtyent the negroes' es-
cape from tne territory in which they
ar SUDI)osed to be hiding. Several
arrests were made, but parties who
witnessed the Ktooting exonerated
Feeling is running high and the
' excitement is most Intense. Over a
thousand heavily armed men are
' scouring every inch of ground In this
1 section and, should the murderer or
J murderers fall into their hands, a
lynching would cause little surprise,
j Mumford leaves a widow and six
I voune children. Glover has' a wife
and one child. Both men were popu
lar with all who knew them.
Favors Seregatlng Feeble Minded
Baltimore, MdL, Feb. 7. That so-
Vineland. N. J., before the Health
Conference now in progress under
the auspices of the Medical and Chi
rurgical Faculty of Maryland.
Dr. Goddard spoke of "the feeble
minded child as a menace to the
State, socially and moraUy," declared
f eebleimindedness to be hereditary
and said that 2 per cent of the public
school chUdren of the United States
are deficient mentally in some way,
according to the law of averages.
Tt view w.u iv .t:notn.!Sf:
Ktiittrt Wilt It MS TtU
wuff.r nrn wia w
Watilotoa. ti C . "c 4. far
a as aroflR t&& dtcter. fiesef a?
Jloft. the cores tsts4er f b t;nT
meat f Tela-, will ffb&! tooa;
t-e is a ;crtltJ5 to detertBlfee .the
fad at to the artltitir of t& tsaf
Sent alocic the MeiUan border.
To-4ty General Vm4. rhirf of
ataff. let it W kfean that at tratt
ot.e aeroplane would te enjtoye 3
in observation work a lose the ilia
(irande. Thi dec! Urn reacted
after a ticultation with tleftem! Al
ln. chief tirnt ocer. who ! in
charge of the aeronautical er ice of
the War lepartment, and John Barry
Hyan. president of the tnite4 Stae
The War IK-partment ha accepted
the tender o fKobert Coliier of one
bill if of his new Wright biplanes, which the fashions aai agaltm th uaiight
Butler !s now in New York, and thi will he :y cartoons la o atier.
runHi to tne Meiican torier uy e
pre and turned ver to General
In order that the Government may
be able to purchase areoplanet for
11 .r in nafrnllinr thi Metiran Irfir.lcr
7 i I 1 1 " ... 1.1 . . ." . . 1
hsm taken nn
' ,th w "rr rh.ierV t
'with Senator Warren. Chairman of
nu,,,v rv.,,,, .k-
question of making the appropriation
of $12rt000 for aeropUn ,tt the
army available Immediately instead
of on July 1st as would be the usual
course. The bill appropriating the
amount mentioned for the purchase.
maintenance ana operation or aero-;
pianes ir; me army aireaay passea me
House and is now in the hands of
lhe Senate military affairs commit-
The areroplane offered the Govern-
nient by Mr. Collier will be operated
:by Lieutenant Foulois of the signal ;
! corps of the army and A. L. Welch,;
Moisant, received word here to-day
from San Antonio, Texas, that Ro-
i land Garros, Rene Barrier and Rene
I Simon, have volunteered to fly over
i lines at Juarez to test the worth oH
! aeroplanes in actual war. There isj
i to be an' aviation ''irieet'at'EI Vk'scT, T
j Texas, this week, just across the bor-
! der from Juarez, and Mr. Moisant
left here to-night to superintend ar -
! raneements on the snot His plan
j is to observe the strictest neutrality.
I All observations will be reported I
i to him and the United States army!
! officers stationed along the border
and to no one else. On the strength
of this guarantee, he says, he has re
ceived assurances that neither side
will fire on the aviators.
A complete report will be made to
the War Pepartment at Washington.
Charged With Fail are to Pay for Au
tomobile Hire in Their Campaign.
Chicago, 111., Feb. 7 Senator Ben
jamin R. Tillman, Roger C. Sullivan,
Norman E. Mack, Thomas E. Taggart
and fifty other members of the Na
tional Democratic Committee of 1908
were made defendants to-day by
Louis F. Burgh, an automobile own
j er. in a suit for $63, claimed for au
Roger Sullivan said to-day the bill
should not be paid by the committee
because it was contracted in giving
rides to a speaker duriag the last
Presidential campaign, and this
speaker, the plaintiff asserts, denies
Being unable to straighten out the
difficulty, after more than two years,
suit has been brought
N'orfoUi's Democratic Election Judges
Norfolk, Va., Feb. 7. The grand
jury re-indicted the judges of elec
tion in the court-house precinct of
Norfolk who were originally accused
in fifteen indictments charging viola
tion of the Virginia primary election
laws in the conduct of the Democratic
Congressional primary of August
The defendants who were dismiss
ed on demurrer prior to the action of
the Supreme Court of Appeals up
holding the constitutionality of the
primary election statute were to-day
re-indicted in one indictment embrac
ing all fifteen counts of the old In
dictments The cases will be tried
Wife Beater Given Five Lashes on
His Bare Back.
Baltimore, Md., Feb. 6. Five
lashes on his bare back and two
months in jail was the sentence im
posed by Judge Duffy in the criminal
court here to-day on George E. Wood
en for assaulting his wife and terri
bly mutilating her face with a knife.
The last time the whipping-post in
the jail here was used was in 1907.
with hie lAcnissns
Two QUli to Cfcasife its Di-
vorxe Ltw Btlone Iks
core hew courmr ms
IrfcM40i ia n CWaty el
1 rmakila mm4 'rmh Crtiai,.r tUc
grit UtfTwiscr m -.U-Trm4-ltiit-.lt
-T- liar Nv nm
lUamiacO- lUlt ft?r iVttr .
Jmdgrm VriM I'arorwU tbrfwrt.
iaator G rah an Jferel a utksa
i; :ie Senate Thursday frots a
tieman frota Orang Cismty ;rotet.
Irs agalait ta frraurnt thtec la
Senator Hawktzu yraicrdsy fmt-
troduced a bill to etfabli.h tMt Of
Jtaaltu th county of Han Km la fct
taken out of pant of Wake. Joko.
6ton. Nah. WlUoa. and Fraa!:
rv..... - . v ... .
"' mat tai qaca
ai... k . .. . . .
7 . l""lwr' iauB
hll rt tnr ik. .i.,!ia.i
uch county The queatloa ef what
ihall be the county-teal fa t5 k
left to the vote of the residents. Tb
three points mentioned are Mlddlt
ex in Nash, and Zbutoa and W
dell in Wake.
The bill also nrovfdea that Uuri
Ciaude B. Ilarbee of Wak n W
Ballard of Franklin, M. C. WltsUm
of Johnston. Thomas M Waahlsgtom
of Wilson, N. B. Finch of Nash. O.
M. Bell and Jt. B. Whitley of Kaa-
ora, shall constitute a loard of artU
trators to decide what proportion of
thc IndebtedncM of the old counties
shall be arsumed in cats of th er-
tion of Rantom.
rsel Third Heading.
To authorire the comnilsdonert of
Sampson County to erect at Clinton
a monument to Confederate veteran.
Resolution to pay member of tub
committee that visited the Deaf and
Dumb Institution at Morganton the.
,6S C; ,5r xPn- S'nt
e "oue wllb0ut ngi-sfmenL
nilia ' VntiomL "
s- 4 67, by Sir. Uohgood: To
continu to provide for the malnten-
ance of the Guilford Baltic Ground.
Committee on Pensions and Soldiers
s- r$ by Mr. Johnson: To
j amend the act incorporating the la
School of Falson.
S. B. 4 67, by Mr. Thome: Resolu
tion to encourage the use of goods
made by independent manufacturers,
and to discriminate against goods
made and sold by trusts and Illegal
S. B. 472. by Mr. Cotien: To pre
vent the use of coupons la connec
tion with the sale of cigarettes, cigars
and tobacco. Committee on Proposi
tions and Grievances.
S. B. 487, by Mr. Starbuek: Reso
lution to invite non-resident North
Carolinians, investors and agricul
turists from the North, East and
Western States to visit North Caro
lina in October of each year, whllo
the State and County Fairs are being
held. Committee on Agriculture.
S. B. 489, by Mr. Cobb: To amend
laws of 1903 relating to establish
ment of North Carolina State Veteri
nary Medical Association, aad to reg
ulate the practice of veterinary medi
cine, etc. Committee on PabUt
In Uae HonAe.
following bills were
To prevent frauds oa
Gay: To amend the divorce law of
Kennedy: To amend the road law
of Sampson County.
Spainhour: To provide primary
elections throughout the State.
Allred: To provide records of the
foreclosure of mortgages in thia
Ewart: To make effective the pro
hibition laws of this State.
Taylor, of Brunswick: To amend
the Revisal so as to give to was aad
cities power to operate and maintain
water-works and other public facu
The following bills were reported
favorably by the committee except
when otherwise stated:
To amend the fertilizer law of
To amend the anti-trust law of
To amend th law relating to tres
pass. ' '"
To erect a woman's building at the
Soldiers' Home. Referred to Appro
Bills Passed, 1:
The foIlowUg bills parsed their
(Continued on Paco S.)