RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, MAY 18, 1911.
... . .. ..fcMilMM. 11m -w - - -. tt im. -uTL-n.- -lui-TlLj. .--ji. -r.-tj.. iMimiiWi !' ' """ "- - - I, ' iii r '-I i ! i if i .- - .. v-. ,Jn....-,f t.Mfc- t.aikli'i -
ORDERS FOR BUTLER'S SPEECH.
! 3!r. J. !. IUmej Believe It Will 15
,- for revenue only.
ard as not able to pour!
roib!el waters laat Mon-j
fii - -"
?h? Asheville chicken laid in
xitt Standard Oil trust is
ao nder where the New
.ocrats will look to for cam-
JST AMEND TOE ' LAW
T LK I G AMOtftXMRXT.
sTfliannD c:i loses
-a his key found in Asbeville
lu, j. very bad variety as they
r; .., hauling it in the city sanl-
a Valuable Vote Winner If Sent
Out In Pampldet FormSay If
One Hundred Thousand Cople
Can Be Distributed, 3Uy Cause
Overturn of the Democratic Oli
garchy. The Caucasian ha received a num-
y leg egg in Kan-j Der of letter containing order for
.x-enaior uutier Raleigh apeech
when it is printed In pamphlet form.
The following i a copy of a letter
the Caucasian ha received which
high complimented the speech:
"Editor of The Caucasian-Enterprise:
"It is gratifying to learn that you
will re-publish the great speech made
by ex-Senator Butler at Haleigh dur
ing the last campaign. I read it as
it appeared in your paper bo me
months ago, and believe it will be a
valuable vote-winner if sent out in
pamphlet form. I doubt If a greater
speech has ever been delivered by a
North Carolinian. If a hundred thou
sand copies of this speech can be
judiciously distributed throughout
the State between campaigns it may
cause the overturn of the Democratic
"J. L. RAMSEY.
"Scott's, N. C, May 14, 1911."
One letter received yesterday con
tained an order for fifty copies of
the speech and other letters contain
ed orders for 5 to 20 copies each. As
soon as The Caucasian has received
sufficient order? to pay the actual
cost of printing, the speech will be
printed and all the orders filled in
regular order. If there are others
who desire copies for themselves or
for distribution The Caucasian hopes
they will send in their orders right
away. See the blank for the pur
pose on the editorial page.
Itt Wetfer Maat the thrMrrau'
Meanicg of Sherman Anti
Trust Law Must be
Tin of the Tmrtir -May
About Middle of Jose.
t3!rm ft"ry trw$ fr ft
At!rBf4 IVary 'tVve AJM
i 4 Ulr CWMUe JNiir t Tvwsm
At? ft, f A CA
. , tait a reces during the hot month ; rteitt-r mHh mm ftt!f; it
Iii Omtruciim or ue iw la vouM nol Bterfer with letUtioa ! CWn iW! That the StanOa IHl; xU4 s4 4r trttik
Asalat StamUrtl Oil Would 3Iake at all, while many Democrats In the; onpr of Srt w u m Ckm tSt
t rn,-CT- i .r itnt th1 House are b ginning to believe theyi M f i&al kws orrr m lb Disrrtw
ny c fiange lanwrnarj, uus lhroo h a tbe iegttia-! NT f MoeoKly U Ikwalmt rani f tt Hs tie Jslst
MaJirity of the Supreme Court tire program they care to enact wltn-i
WMegtoa. O. C, May IS, Al
though the tpectal etioa of Coo
g re U but little rsore thaa a ssofita
old, talk of adjournme&t ha alra4y
become general anil the aggtik&
ISupttmt Court of United
States Hands Down Decis
ion in Case Agar
JUSTICE HARLAHS VIEW are not ail onesided. IUpuMira&jDiccnTjrjxiO! IS OHDERED Une
in both branch have bea MsUsg UlMUAU 1 1UH VUUCUCO C5. fe
of War Dickinson has
job, which has caused
Hare Put a Different Construction m another week.
. . . . s High temperature,
on tne iJtxw j usucf iianan stay
,(.;i i;s jou, wuica una wuecu
?0 Aonder if he is really a Dem
. i i
Wh.n Simmons starts up his old
aafhine in the Senatorial race next
vtar h- will find that it is badly In
l of repairs.
I nIr Democratic "good govern
r.ient" the sound of the pistol is al
most as frequent as the chirp of the
Court Ha Changed the Law In
stead of Construing It The Iin-
a sample of j
which was experienced last week In
Washington, served to stimulate In j
the mind of Democratic repreenta-i
live more interest In summer resort
mediate Kffect of the Decision matters than, in tariff question. For
! utvtral Amvm thav hivn hAn Annclr!.
Success of Postal llanka Some . .
(Special to The Caucasian.)
of Trade Waa a Umg ad lUrd. Cfegr
I Cirm Htsry a 4?ao4 f
fought Cam Court AIo alln lictalti- rtt4ErS4 C5iirta
Safety Appllanre Act o lcila of tW Ap?ro?riaU5i CosU!e.
t . . . . with ht.t!&g m4e ai) -ttawrra!e4
in Cae Agan.t the American tMumUm of Sfedr1ty fr ti.
ba4rc OmipAny Ierlion tay lie" Utile Committee. Othr IVsftocf!
. . I declared that th artloa of lte ttte
Ilamtel IKwb on May CP. ? ... J ... . k ,
. Committee. If ratified by tW tlo
erinj thA nnft!hititr of etttlniri Waahinrtoa. D. C. Mar IS. The' ou!4 be 4 complH Iferoeatwa or
J through by June 15th. The Houe! Standard Oil Company of New Jer-Uhe prtaciple for watea the IVoo
1 expect to have before It the revlediey and it nineteen subfidiarjr cor-;crat had tood. aamtly. tbe wJertioa
woolen schedule within a week or teuj poration were declared to-day by ot committee by action f the IVm
Simmons' swamp lands may be
Ury extensive, but hardly sucient
ir hre;ist-works during the political
battle next year.
Baltimore Sun asks what
you do if you owned Balti
more? Why, we would sell it and in
vest the money in North Carolina, of
Washington, D. C. May 16, middays. There has been much ml&glon-i the Supreme Court of the United , ocratic caucu.
The long looked-for decision of the; ary work during the past week to! State to be a conspiracy and combl-i , Two lUt of namr, a b4ag the
Supreme Court of the United States; unite the faction for an agreement! nation in restraint of trade. It aloj propoied tteei trait eemmitt aad
in the case of the Government's suits! upon a revision which will be in the) was held to be monopolizing inter-sthe other the ugr tratt eommtttee.
to dissolve the standard uii company j nature of a compromise between the
and the American Tobacco Company j advocates of a revenue tariff on free
for violation of the Federal anti-trust
law were handed down on yesterday;
that is, the decision of the Supreme
Court in the Standard Oil case was
handed down, which unquestionably
defines the lines and limits of the de
cision in the American Tobacco Com
state commerce la violation of the were anamea ay r. neary m u
Sherman anti-trust law. . j form of privileged molutioat, which
The dissolution of the combination ; he aaked the Hou to adept,
waa ordered to take place within six; Imroediatley quetioned by tVrao
months. crat who hd not been consulted a
Thu ended the tremendous trug-to the authority by which tha Rale
gle of year on the part of the Gov-; Committee offered th name. Mr,
The Democrats believe that this i eminent to put down by authority ofs Henry aid about ISO Democrat had
t . ... . i . a a r - . i
matter can bo disposed of in the ilaw a combination waicn it ciaimea ucmwnuc hk iua w-
wool and the champions of no duty
on raw wool. While many Democrats
have openly declared for free raw
wool, all have agree to abide by the
TO SELTj CAXAIj BONDS.
If the Democratic politicians love
the farmer, as they pretend, they
would not increase the farmers' taxes
in order to pay more salaries to Dem
What politician was it that re
quested the Government to make a
soil survey along the fine of the Nor
folk Southern Railway before, that
road was built?
Secretary of Treasury Invites Popu
lar Subscriptions Bonds Will Pay
.$ Per Cent and Will Be Xon-Tax-able
Will Probably Be a Rush of
Washington. D. C, May 16. Sec
retary MacVeagh to-day invited pop
ular subscriptions to a $50,000,000
issue of Government bonds to reim
burse the treasury general fund for
expenditures on account of the Pana
ma Canal. Treasury officials expect
the loan will be largely over-subscrib
ed, and in distributing the new se
curities the Government announced
its intention is to give preference to
The new securities will bear 3 per
cent interest, payable quarterly: will
be in denominations of $100, $500
and $1,000. They will be dated
June 1 ,1911, and will be payable in
By provision of law, the new bonds
will not be available to National
banks as the basis of circulation. In
asmuch as they are the first the Unit
ed States has ever issued with such
a restriction, much interest is at
tached to the. price they will bring.
According to law they cannot be sold
nt Ipss than Dar. The Dremium
The new assessment is not only for wnich the new Panama Canal Bonds
pany's case which was withheld, but! House without much delay and are i was a menace to the industrial and i publican member were earned fey
urging that this end initiative legis- economic advancement of the entire; -Minority uiacr ;ana.
lation for the session. Outside of that? country. ' The teel truit Investigating com
feature of the tariff, with perhaps; At the game time the court inter-; m it tee wa approved before the Dcta
some revision of the cotton schedule, ; preted the Sherman anti-trust law sojocrat woke up to the full etfect of
there is little before the House. The as to limit Its application to act of the ituatlon. The reultaat fight
caucus decided a month ago to make! "undue" restraint of trade and not j fell upon the sugar trutt committee;
this a tariff session. "every" restraint of trade. It wand a continuation of the struts!
' ' (on this point that the only disco r- finally wa averted by the action of
Senator Owens (of Oklahoma) says
that legislators are controlled by cor
porations. And we, too, think that
Senators Owens is himself a member
of a legislative body!
Ten barrels of whiskey was seized
in a chicken-coop in Asheville Satur
day night. That is prima-facie evi
dence that the Asheville chickens
have been dealing in liquor.
which is expected to follow next
On its face the Government wins a
victory, in that the Supreme Court
Court holds that the Standard Oil
trust is an illegal combination in re
straint of trade, and orders that that
company must be dissolved, allowing
it six months' time within which to
effect the dissolution under the law
and according to the terms of the de
cision. There is, however, another
side to the decision, which apparently
robs the Government of most, if not
all, of its victory.
riant nntA was heard In the court. Democratic Leader Underwood in ad
GOMPERS AND MITCHELIi FREE, j Justico Harlan dissented, claiming j Journlng the Houm while the retolu-
that cases already decided by the tlon waa still pending.
Supreme Court Reverses lecision of!court had determined once for all
Lower Court in the Contempt Pro- j tnat tne woni "undue," or "unrea
the purpose of increasing the taxes
but they will raise them sufficient to
Pay all the assessors for their
month's work and then some!
Some of the papers are wonder
ing why the President appointed
Hon. Henry L. Stimson Secretary of
War. But it was probably because
Secretary Dickinson had resigned.
If the private residences in Ashe
ville keep two thousand gallons on
hand for family use, wonder how
uch the blind tigers, who have to
supply several families, carry
The woman mayor of Hunnewell,
Kansas, has declared she will make
that town "dry" or resign. If she
doesn't resign in the mean time,
Asheville might do well to put in a
bid for her services. - '
can command will reflect the nation
al credit of the United States as it
compares with that of. the great na
tions of Europe. Inasmuch as the
postal savings bank law fixes the par
value of a postal bank bond bearing
two and one-half per cent interest at
$100, it is agreed that the 3 per cent
Panama Canal Bonds must bring
more than par. How much more is
conjecture. The estimates range
from slightly above par of 103.
Checks and postal orders will be
accepted for the new bonds some
thing which never bas been, done be
fore. Although the issue is designed
for private bankers, national banks
which bir for the bonds will be allow
to deposit them as security for Gov
A Mixed Victory.
While the court holds that the
Standard Oil Company is an illegal
combination or trust, yet, in defining
the scope and effect of the Federal ffrrs.
anti-trust law, it holds that this law
does not prohibit combinations in re
straint of trade as contended by the
Government under the strict letter of
the law, but only covers combina
tions in "unreasonable" restraint of
trade, or combinations that result in
"unreasonable" restraint of trade.
The word "unreasonable" does not
appear in the text of the law.
Thus it will be seen that the de
cision as now handed down seems to
restrict the effect of the law so that
in the future no cprporation, trust or
monopoly can be declared illegal,
even though its operations are in re
straint of trade, resulting in the
breaking up of competition, etc., un
less these discriminations and re
straints shall be determined by the
court in each individual case to be
ceedings in the Case of the Buck
Stove and Range Company.
Washington, D. C, May 15. The
United States Supreme Court to-day
reversed the decision of the Court of
Appeals of the District of Columbia
sentencing President Samuel Gom-
of tha Fgdertaion of T.nhnr
The Democrats in Congress have
grown tired tinkering with the tariff
the hot weather makes them
ant to go home. But some of them
V find it even hotter at home when
FORTUNE SUNK WITH STEA3IER.
Unions; John Mitchell and Frank
Morrison, officers of the American
Federtaion' of Labor, to jail for con
tempt of court in connection with the
injunction suit of the Buck Stove and
The Court dismissed the entire case
holding that the imposition of jail
sentences was unwarranted by the
contempt nature and that the Dis
trict Supreme Court should have im
posed fines only. The decision, which
was read by Justice Lamar, held that
the cases was purely civil contenlpt,
punishable by fine only, and since
the differences between the stove
company and the Federation of Labor
is now eliminated, the Court believed
that the entire case should be dis
missed outright. This decision is one
o fthe highest ever won by labor in
this country, because it involved the
! imnrisonment of three of the biggest
Justice Harlan's Dissenting Opinion, j labor iea(jers. The unionists regard
Associate Justice Harlan, in a vig- ! the decision as a turning point in the
orous dissenting opinion, while agree-! unionists fight in America
sonable," or similar words, were not
in the statute. He declared that the
reasoning of the court In arriving at
its finding was In effect legislation
Mr. Iler.ry denied that there had
been any assumption of authority, or
that the action of the Rule Commit
tee would defeat the hole Demo
cratic principle of the election of
committees by the party caucu and
which belonged in every instance totne whole Houe.
Congress and not to the court. ? Democrat protested that they had
Ever since the degree In this caej never been consulted by the Rule
lXL.tbe lower court, the United States j Committee.
Circuit Court for the Eastern District '
of Missouri was announced, hope had '
been expressed by the "business j
world" that the law would-be modi-;
DISASTROUS FOREST IT RES.
fled as not to interfere with what was Heavy Los to Farmer In Weeern
designated honest business. To-night Maryland and West Virginia Two
that section of the opinion calling for 3fen Have Died in the Flame,
the use and "rule of reason" In ap- Cumberlandf Md May l4cun.
piying me iaw i reBaruu . ; berIand ls enshrouded in .moke from
nnartera as an auawer iu mc
Opinion Contains More Tlian Twenty
The opinion of the court was an
nounced by Chief Justice White. In
printed form it contained more than
twenty thousand words. For nearly
an hour the Chief Justice discussed
the case from the bench, going over
most of the points in the prated opin
ion, but not once referring to it in
order to refresh his memory- Be
fore him sat a distinguished audi
ence of the most famous men of the;
forest fire which extend at Inter
val through the mountain west and
south of here a distance of at least
two hundred mile. Along the line
of the Western Maryland and the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad In the
Alleghencies vast acreage are in
Near Moore. Tucker County, W.
Va., ninety-Are miles southwent of
Cumberland to-day, John Verner. a
fanner, dropped dead while fighting
the fire which wa burning over his
land. This is the second known fatal
ity. On Friday Miffln C. Gregory,
Uonntrv Senators and ReDresnta-l in gaged seventy year, wa burned to
Krpsi.i . . . . . ... -.
V ! twoa loft thAir respective chambers! a earn near uucunannon. v. a. war
ing that the Standard Oil Company! dent Goifcpers was on train en route Caoitol to listen to the epoch-ling the excitement of fifChtlng the
was guilty of violating the law as! from Philadelphia to Washington, decision of the court. Most! Are Gregory was lost !ght of and
found by a majority of the court, yeti when the decision was rendered. Jus- Attornev-General ! later hi charred body wa found.
held that that corporation should me Lamars aocumeui me
! excitine In many details. ine de
fenses had amounted to any restraint; cision was unanimous.
of trade as the law provided, instead;
of amounting to a gross "unreason-j AFTER SAMUEL GOMPERS AGAIN.
able" restraint of trade. i , -
vvasnington, u. w., Jiay i.
come up for re-election.
Some of the most ardent free trade
Democrats are now willing to leave
sme tariff on wool in order to keep
the Party united for the next .presi
dential fight. This is only further
evidence that the Democrats place
Woodrow Wilson made a speech in
s Anseles, Calif,, some davs ae-o in
lhlQh he advocated individual free-
m Pontics. If the voters. in the
-uth should follow Wilson's advice
e Soutn woud go Republican at the
The Merida Which Was Wrecked Oflf
Xorth Carolina Coast Had on
Board $1,000,000 in Bar Silver
nml Over S30O.000 Belonging to
Passengers Xo Lfves Lost,
New York, May 13. Fifty-six
miles off the coast of Hrxtteras in
thirty fathoms of water lies Merida,
the 1,300,000 ward line steamship,
on Doara wmca is suiccu . tuuo .
bar silver worth $1,000,000, while
locked in her purser's safe are some
$300,000 of passengers . and ship's
money ana aiamuuus auu wci
jewels, the value of which is un
known, but it will be thousands of
dollars. . On the ill-fated steamer is
also the baggage of 300 passengers
and the crew.
The total loss is estimated at $3,
500,000, none of which can ever be
recovered by diving, according to H.
Middleton, the third officer of the
steamer. "Thirty-one fathoms," he
said, "means 186 feet and I under
stand that divers could not live in
pressure at that depth." ;
All the passengers and crew were
rescued after midnight last night
and only one person, a woman, was
Justice Harlan points out that the
law does not permit of violation of
its terms in a small degree any more
than in a large degree. He says that
the decision of. the court in reading!
the word "unreasonable" into the!
text of the law amounts to pure leg-;
islation on the part of the court. He
says that the function of the court is
to construe the law,' and not to
amend it. He further points out that
it is the exclusive function of Con
gress to enact laws and to amend
laws, and that the court, in "dealing
with the constitution and with the
laws, should interpret them and not
usurp the legislative power to amend
The Immediate Effects of the De-;
The Associated Press this morning,
following th decision on yesterday,
announced a great boom In stocks in
Wall "Street. The general tone of
the press is thatjthe decision Is. very
gratifying to allof the corporations
and trusts and will cause the stock
market to recover from its lethargy
and to continue to rise.
Up to Congress to Amend the Law.
There has been to-day much dis
cussion on the part of Congressmen
and public men as to the effect of the
decision, and the general sentiment
seems to be that it is now up to Con
gress to amend the Federal anti-trust
law so as to heal the breach which
, (Continued on page 5.)
than twenty-four after the decision
eazer to hear were Attorney-General!
Wickersham and Frank B. Kellogg. Belington, W. Va,. ha been ur
special counsel of the Government, j rounded by fire for the lat forty
who had conducted the great fight! eight ho thousand of acre
against the Standard Oil. None of j have been burned over, Uklng fenc
the brilliant array of counsel for the! ing, small building and valuable tlm
corporations or individual defendants ber fires. State Foreit Warden. J.
were present in the court during the? A. Viguesney, Is on the ground di-
readine of the opinion. To-day, arecung me worn aooui lieungion.
XdTn sence, oTsamueMon prertous deO.on dar, r0r moat,' There Ua, be a .US bree fnd ?.
Gompers, John Mitchell and Frank
Morrison, President, Vice-President
and Secretary, respectively, of the
American Federation of Labor, in li
tigation against the Buck's Stove and
Range Company, of St. Louis, Mo.,
Justice Wright, of the District Su
preme Court, to-day began proceed
ings anew for alleged contempt
against the labor officials, which the
Supreme Court held yesterday was
punishable by fine only.
Speaking of the action of Justice
Wright to-day. President Gompers
said: "Justice Wright can go just
as far as he likes. He will find we
are not running away not oven
Justice Wright, who imposed the
sentences upon Messrs. Gompers,
Mitchell and Morrison, to-day ap
pointed Jos. ,G. Darlington, Daniel
Davenport, and Jas. N. Beck, counsel
for the Buck's Stove and Range
Company, as a committee to Inquire
"forthwith" into the question of
whether the labor leaders had vio
lated the court's order. They were
instructed to report to the court
whether, in the opinion of the com
mittee, the labor leaders were guilty
of contempt in violating the Injunc
tion against the publication of a so
caluled boycott list In the American
Federationist, the official organ of the
.i.oi hmUr rt with mes-f whole Laurel Hill Mountain, be-
sengers in line to the various tele-1 tweea Belington and Elkin. ha iSeen
phone and telegraph instruments? burned over. There ha been no rain
throughout the Capitol were on hand, for several week and the unusually
but to their dismay the announce- dry condition makes thep r ogres of
ment of the decision was not begun the fire rapid.
until an hour after the closing of the? Work on the large band saw mill
stock markets. f operated in Belintgon waa suspended
. , , ' UM4Mn lanJ the fif1 employee were tatcn
J." JJr to the mounts, to .I,t In maK.n
oXIT : r ' 1 rings and back firing. Practically all
work 1 suspended and all able-bod-
Many expected that the decision oi iCj men are fighting fire.
ttia rnnrt dissolution Suit against the! The fnrAflt flra Itnuttnn at !n.
tobacco corporations would be hand- coaJng 1 serious. Orchard tracts
ed down immediately after the deci-- recently purchased by Duncan R.
Ion In the Standard Oil case. This Sloan, Fred R. Sloan. Dr. H. Hodg-
was not done, however, but the de-oa. Dr. George D. Campbell and oth
cision is expected on May 29th, thejers are within the danger zone,
last decision day of the court until Fences have been burned and several
next October. '.' 1 hundred fruit trees Just planted have
The opinion of the court to-day been destroyed.
was construed to mean that the to-j
bacco case, like every other case In,
which restraints of trade are alleged.
. . . . . . it. I Yt.f.. If.. 4 ft
must D SUOjeciea lO iue ue wst WH inacpt, J14U., maj a bjjc-
reasonableness of the restraint, as cial from Moose Jaw Saskatchefaa.
Rush for Gold Field in Canada.
laid down in the Standard Oil de
cision! By far the greater portion of the
opinion of the Chief Justice was de
voted to the justification of the court
in' requiring that the "rule of rea
son" be applied to restraints in trade
before they were held to be violations
(Continued on page 5.)
sars that while excavating for an
electric street railway system a la
borer found a - gold nngget which
mining experts pronounce a higher
grade of gold than has before been
discovered on this n continent. A
rush was on to-day for the new gold
field and already half the town has
been staked out as claims. ,