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0 / 75
RALEIGH, N. C THURSDAY. JUNE 1. 1911.
- t n
trusts candidate for
.;- Simmons has denied St, hil
-nil a lot of smoke.
!,:t ha;c the North Carolina
t,:n: toward regulating the
if Senator Simmons is in
:n in the Lorimer
oil a last yoa4
kins-bird has ndorsed
,. s f andidacy. v
(ilenn and Francis I). v Aon
rnbabiy waiting for some one to
h ni a letter.
tax assessment has caused
Democrats to declare that in
ire they will vote from prin-r.-tead
s, s and uuserver sas uui
l.orimer should resign. How
o p Senators who voted for
to retain his seat?
; - Henry Watter.son doesn't
,;n- all the Presidential can
,i!l be named before he even
v so in the matter.
i . Craig's speech at the Uni
.. iMnquet at Chapel Hill sound
some of the canned speeches
ovt r from last year's campaign.
S- i, a: ors
Simmons is using thei l
:u:. rtiment "frank" to reach his con-,
,.,.?,ts. Wonder if that is the only!
.-h.. can be frank with the voters?!
UVO TO 1)0
t;:. 1 many
iIU "ttiiio " ,ll-J" !
?n tbP treets at!un uu ee? up f nrst-?iass
tou uiit eAiJtci. iu swiii
en down in the gutter at
No one objects to paying a neces-j
sary ux, but a lot of them are ob
; tin:.' to paying increased taxes for
:.r .v niiices and increased salaries to
The Democrats should not kick on
the new tax assessment (unless they
in end quitting the Democratic par-
tv for thev are Setting What they!
voted for last fall.
One of the Democratic Senators got
mad with his brethren and bolted a
caucus a few days ago. Suppose this
was only another illustration of
State Chairman Eller and the News
and Observer are now advocating
Woodrow Wilson for President. But,
won t it be funny if all of them have!
to line up for Bryan again?
Cen. J. S. Carr may enter the Sen
atorial race, but if a burnt child
dreads the fire, the General will pur
sue the even tenor of his business
Bryan says he is still opposed to
Harmon for President, and refuses at
this time to endorse Woodrow Wil
?n. Tt looks as though Bryan still
has his own lightning-rod up.
Locke Craig says the union of pol
itics and I isiness is dangerous. Yes,
dangerous to the Democratic party
tor when a man votes from a busi
ness interest he votes the Republican
Baltimore offers $100,000 for the
next Democratic Xational Conven
on. Baltimoreans must expect the
Iemocratic visitors to spend a lot of
money in that town, as the show
alone would not be worth the price.
Colonel Ashley Home is another
one who will hardly enter the Sen
atorial race. The Colonel decided
three years ago that political honors
m the Democratic party come too
high especially when you don't get
Congressman Faison has demand
ed that Congress order the establish
ment of a weather bureau station at
Warsaw, it got too warm at War
saw for Faison during the last cam
paign, and he probably thinks' a
feather bureau could hold things
'dwn to some extent.
IWMSKVKIr IV XKW YOltK.
Sf-aU ro a Jarf nn.I Hntl,uUtir
T!irfrix-W!ilJ. lie Jvt iVare
!! IW-fr,-,J That "t'nrishtrij
IV re" Wa a "(Jrwtfr Kill Than
New York, May 2. Theodore
Koosevelt elood bctdde General Dan
iel M. Sickles, the only urvhin di
vision commander of the Ciril War.
at Grant's Tomb this afternoon and
aroused a Memorial Day throng to
long applause by a denunciation of
"a!e apostles of peace." He stirred
the gathering to tumultuous cheers
with the declaration that unrighteous
peace was a greater evil than war.
"I believe in national and interna
tional peace," he said, '"but I stand
for it only as the hand-raaiden of
justice. Do not bo misled by the ap
peals of men who want peace. You
men recall that In the days of 'fi
there were cries for peace, but there
was no peace. There was a man who
said that war was the greatest of all
evils, but I believe that unrighteous
peace is a greater evil. You are not
to be led by the false apostles of
peace, you who defied the lie told in
'Gl, when that lie was told in the
name of peace.
..j stand for SOf.ai ami industrial
'peace, when it is right, but not when
men riot and use dynamite. Those
men who pursue riotous methods and down on last Monday the last act of members or the Ways and Means
the dynamite in their effort to win the Court before its adjournment for Committee are very bitter in their re
their industrial struggles are not to the summer. sentment toward Mr. Bryan. Some
be tolerated, and they
made to obey the law.
"I want peace with every nation, '
and do not see any reason of any sort
why we should not have it for an in-
definite period as long as other na-l case. It declares that if the illegal
tions behave themselves and act in combination is not dissolved and the
such a manner as not to rob us of our; illegal practices stopped within six
self-respect. I don't want to ask;raonths (with a possible two months
stronger nations to be good to us be-! niore of illegal grace) that then an
cause I fear being hurt by them, but j
do ask that big nati0ns be good to ;
us for fear we may hurt them.
"I want to have the navy kept up.
Poweriui navy is no provocation ;
for war, but is a provocation for!
Peace - AU nations wil1 keeP Peacei
.iL - . e. i . . !
navy ana men wno Know now to nan-i
Ule lne snips. i
"You may think because I talk j
thus I talk against the interest of !
peace. That is not so.
ing profoundly In the
I am talk
peace. I believe that every honor
able method should be used to avoid
war, but I will do nothing dishonor
abel to avert it, nor will I enter into
any agreement that people of the j
country would repudiate, should!
cause rise for participating in war. I
"So far as my voice has weight I ;
will protest against this country's!
makinfr nn agreement to arhitrat.fi
anvthinc nf nnv kind whirh thfi ennn-
- -w - - - ,
try would not stand for when a test
came. For instance, this country
would not stand for arbitration over
the Monroe Doctrine nor would they
consent to an agreement permitting
Asiatic peoples to come into this
country in unlimited numbers. If
you don't think so, go out on the
Pacific Coast and talk to the people
"I do not believe that this country
should enter into any agreement un
less it is prepared to keep it in good
Beware of any other course.
"Arbitration is all right under fa
vorable conditions. If I had trouble
with one of you men, we could read
ily settle it by appointing an outside
party to arbitrate, because we know
that man wron't slap either of our
faces. If he does, we won't arbi
trate. It is just the same with inter
national arbitration. I believe in ar
bitration only on the understanding
that international slapping of faces
is not included. That is genuine
SEPARATED BY CHICAGO FIRE.
Vife Xo. One Re-appears After Hus-
band's Second Marriage Will Sup- j
port Both Wives.
Pittsburg (Kansas) Dispatch in Xew
Peter Sharp, of this city, his wife,
Anna Sharp, and their son and daugh
ter were reunited here to-night at
Sharp's home. The Sharps were sep
arated in Chicago in October, 1871,
during the great fire there. Sharp
spent a fortune trying to find his
wife, and, believing her dead, was
married again a few years ago. Mrs.
Anna Sharp never re-married, and
through the Pension Office at Wash
ington finally found Sharp living
here. He proposes to take care of
"both wives," he says, "but not as
wives in the full sense of the term."
"I never realized how big the earth
is until I tried to find my husband,"
said the first Mrs. Sharp to-night. "I
found our daughter six years after
the Chicago fire, and I have lived
with her ever since."
The Important Thing.
We can understand the case with
which a fool and his money are part
ed, but what puzzles us Is how the
fool got the money to part with.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
TOBACCO TRUST ILLEGAL
Supreme Court Holds That
it is Guilty Like Standard
Oil and Must
JUSTICE HARLAN AGAIN
He SujH That lite Court Ha
Again Amended the Imw by Writ
ing Into it the Word "l'iuiu!yM and
"l'nmiMiuble" The People of
North Carolina Protecting Against
the Increase of Tavec to .Mm leui-
ocratie F.travagance ami Inronipe
tency CVnres .Moving Slowly
Ilrvan Starts a Disturlance.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, May 31. The for a fitter fight in the Democratic Tobacco Compnay and it allied cor
American ToDacco Company is a mon- caucus which will be held next Thurs- porations to In operating in loia-
opoly in violation of the Sherman An-
ti - Trust law and must be dissolved. '
This is the decision of the Supreme
Court of the United States
The opinion of the Court in this;of
case follows the same general line as
n the Standard Oil case. The decree
of the Court in the tobacco case, how-s
ever, goes further than in the oil
injunction shall be issued to prevent;
the trust from doing any interstate!
business or else a receiver will be ap-!
pointed by the Court to take charge
- mupen, oi ine company
Why che decree of the Court in the
on:ase should hav been different;
4 V,: 1 i
" ! f"u V !
uiu&uc, man in me oiner, no one uas;
veutuieu iu e-i)iain, ouc ii is not.
probable that the Tobacco Trust' will
suffer any more from the court's rul-
ings than will the Oil Trust.
Mr. Justice Harlan Again ProteS-taC
Justice Harlan again protests
against the opinion of the Court in
this case as in the Standard Oil case.
He says that he agrees with the de-
cision of the Court in both cases that
the Standard Oil Company and the sed b tne people themselves in!
American Tobacco Company are ille-; the court of Jast resort the court of ;
gal combinations in violation of the!the le If neither political party:
anti-trust laws in every respect, but) has any more rignts in tnis court than;
that he Can not assent to the ODinion i A i i.'
of the Court when it eoes out of its
nay lu say mat iu
ing the anti-trust
ration must commit
(unduly or unreasonable)
of trade." He says that tbe trusts j
1 rtC4. i x
nave, ior mieeii years ueen trying to
get Congress to amend the law by in
serting the wrords "unduly or unrea
uC su.iijr vai- advantage of the other. What is; ""l , , " : . - I"," a "f tra,
laws that a corpo-! a ... JLty? ,t a division of determining what restrain a of trade
sonable" and that Congress has per-! . ;ourt th b n t box of
sistently refused to do so. He also!,, people " ' !
says that the trust lawyers havej Thig P sound reasoning every !
during the same time been urging thei . f u If tQOSe who are 'clothed;
Court on every occasion to so amend',... ... nnvr tn maU lawa woum
the law by construction, and that inact upon and be governed by the
every case me ourt nas not oniy re-.
fused the appeal of the trusts, but
has time and again declared in all
opinions that any contracts in re-!
straint of trade were unlawful and
that the anti-trust act was too plain
a need any construction.
The Object of the "Unduly" ami "Un
reasonable" Part of the Opinion.
Justice Harlan next points out thei, fJ. . . . . tHtt ?crr,t'
. . holding elections, and of the dignity
fact that inasmuch as every member, , a . , ,4 , . koii
c t 4 , that should attach to the ballot, could
of the Court agrees that the Standard; .
Oil Company and the American To-j
bacco Company are both guilty of vi-
olating the anti-trust law under any
and every possible construction of
the law that it is unnnecessary and
strange that the Court would go out
of its way now to read these words!
miu tut; iaw . xie sav s tuat uuiy iuc
4.1. 1 tl. AT J. 1 i.Ur
future can show the effect of the;
Courts thus usurping the legislative;
power to amend the law. He sug-
gests that its only purpose can be to
let some trusts escape the law in the;
iuiure or 10 let on ngnier an iue;
trusts in complying with the law .
one fact now stands out surprisingly!
bold, and that is, that all of the trust
lawyers are praising the decisions and
the stocks of all of the trusts are ris
ing instead of falling in Wall Street.
This is significant if not unfortunate
to say the least.
The Increase of Taxes in North Car
olina. A prominent Republican from the
western part of the State who was
here yesterday said that the Demo-'
cratic scheme to increase taxes in the
State would continue to attract more
attention than even the decisions of
the Court in these two great trust de
cisions. He said that in many places
in the western part of the State that
the tax assessors under the new tax
law of the last Legislature had as
sessed the value of land at from 50
per cent to 100 per cent, and in some
cases much higher. He said that the
thai all ta.t-yr mlitt-i
Efeat Iter of ixtt on th :r
property. Tt ieo;!
are thu jit bec:&&'rjjc to rr!ti ite
s meaning of DfiaiKntir eiragafcc
ar-d ir. competent. b!-
er alrle. more Umd Imm, ac.4
therefore higher taie to foot the
ngrr !oin$ Skrolr.
' There is now little propect of the
Home and Senate agreeing on any
important leglilation There is l
ready talk of Congress taking re-
s ces until fall.
llryan Cauv Ilrrew.
Col. William J. Urvan's attack on
the Democratic House leader for
lheir fositon on the woolen schedule
has created quite a stir among the
Democrats at the National Capital.
Ile cbarged that Mr. Underwood and
but apparently ashamed to own It.,
Mr. Underwood to-day replied to the
statement made by Mr. Bryan, deny-
ing the charges. The prospects are
day. Bryan is advising his follow
ers to bolt the caucus if they cannot
defeat the proposed woolen schedule.
Congressman Underwood and other
the leading Democrats fear that
activities may disrupt the
Till: BALLOT BOX.
It is the Most August Court on
Knoxville Journal and Tribune.
Mr r n Samuel of Palhnun in
thig g e , wha w,n
stitute a fair election law, and the
necessity of such a law, in the Nash-
m Tennegsean Here is a part of
what he says, defining what is a "fair
A that wiU prevent any party
from gaining advantage over anather
Darty at tue election
The ballot box
is the property of the people and not
the property of any political party. I
It is the most august tribunal in thei
world, the greatest court on earth, j
It is the people's court. It should be!
safeguarded and protected so the ver-j
diet of the people shall be uncon-i
taminated by fraud. From such a I
j verdict there is no appeal, for it is
th -n th ,w nf thA ip PX;
farsfri ere e !ly kit! &4
llllll IIHI lllllll II Al Jdl LV. LUCU 11U IU"
snoum De passea to give euner pany ;
a"U "UUOruy paiLlCS. UCLaUBC
more of the people are on one side;
is no reason that the majority side,
choii havo Qnv mnro rights nr favors
ni.inn,nae cn iMriv pmd witb ro
Luchlf orce laid down by Mr Sam. !
j th state would no more be dis:
' . . b partisan contentions over
graced by part
the enactment of election laws.
W'e do not happen to know Mr.
Samuel, do not know if he is a Dem
ocrat or a Republican, do not care to
know, he is right and that is enough
W'V, V,. enra ahnnt tho mimftsp of
nut ue i in y i u cva uuu.
Xo good citizen of any party will
take issue with him in what he says,
no man who takes issue witn mm can
i be said to be in ail respects a good
To hold an election for the sole
benefit of a party or a faction is but
, t-u v,.t
an election Md lg tQ M.
Q wm of a majority Gf the
heW for other pur.
R t nQt tQ be held
Where a majority is made to ap-;
pear through the exercise of force or
1 5i ! A. ntnmTT nnn a.-Ill
iraua, it is uut majuw "
not command the respect of be-nest ;
people of any party.
Engineers and Firemen Threaten to
C, May 30. Ai
new wage demand is being made up
on the Southern Railway. With that
of the two thousand or more firemen
yet before the system's officials and
their action in doubt, a committee of
twenty, representing the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers, arrived
here to-night to push a claim of the
engine drivers on the Southern for
an increase of approximately 25 per
cent over their present pay.
Some time ago a slight Increase
was allowed the engineers. They
now believe that was inadequate.
Strike talk Is heard from the en
gineers as well as from the firemen.
. ... , . ..." ...anti-trust law, so as to can ior me
acts that "are , , , T ; were roroiaaen Dy tne act. in mis
mat aicjfh . nn nolitieal Questions. In . .
in restraint Z7. 7 .1 i ' respect the division or tne court was
HITS TOBACCO TOUST
Supreme CourU Holds That
American Tobacco Co. is
in Illegal Combination.
The trciioo Affrrt Silt Ar?v
Iran Corporation, Two lstllt
CrMratka, and TrttMtw tt
fllttdual I f r t!a t Ttvo Trl i
tilifti an i jrmttlty to IH4n(r
grate and Kenrate a 0tdita f
Tranarting Huiir Within tlx
llnumU tf llu law Justice ilar
Ian Iteent t! Itule f IUaMn.
Wahini?toii. D. C. May 2S.-The
Goernmnt to-day on a eepini:
victory oer the ocaile, "tobacco
xrun" when the Supreme Court of
the United States held the American
tion of the Sherman anti-trust law.
By directing; that the combination
be forbidden the privilege of inter
state commerce or be placed In the
hau ls of a receiver unle- it disinte
grates in harmony with the law with
in s.x or the most eight months, th
,imrl is regarded to have dealt with
the tobacco corporation more drasti
cally than with ihe Standard Oil Com
pany, of New Jersey, whose dissolu
tion was ordered two weeks ago.
Both the first and cond sections
been violated by the so-called tobacco
xrusi, accoruins to me roan, .oi
only has it, in the eyes o fthe court,
restrained wrongfully and unlawfully
interstate commerce, but It has at
tempted to monopolize the tobacco
business to the injury of the public
and of its competitors.
While the decree was regarded as
unusually severe, at the same time
: there was a touch of leniency in not
! maKing tne comninauon an ouiiaw
The various elements of the com
bination are to be given an opportun-:
Ity, under the supervision of the'
United States Circuit Court for the;
Southern District of New York, of;
recreation so that there may be
brought about "a new condition!
with and not repugnant to the law."
me oiuiiioii ui me v.uu.. aB au-
nounced by Chief Justice White who
also delivered the opinion of the
Court in the Standard Oil case. The
entire Court agreed that the tobacco
combination violated the Sherman
the same as in the Standard Oil ca
T.,ol Unrt.n olen rnr lectin with:
Justice Harlan also took Issue with
the rest of the Court as to the re-or-
r f " r" " a;v '
" - ---
Via "rnln nf ran enn In i
saying that he had found nothing in;man to another In lhe same
the record which made hlm at a11 ' class could only be wiped out In blood
anxious to Perpetuate any new com-and R tQok more moraJ couraRe t0
binatlon among these companies.! avol(J a dueI lhan tQ aghL But wc
wnicn tne ouri conceaes dl lluJ.cs i
exhibited a conscious wrong-doing.
The Court reiterated its determina- '
tion to follow "the rule of reason" in
determining what restraints of trade .
lae h Shera" Antl"Jr ,
unier justice uue ciautru
.length the decision of the Court in and t0 8ubmlt to the arbllrament of
the Standard Oil case, but did not a f)eacefui tribunal. than to subject
qualify the reasoning in that case so a hole people to tbe misery and suf
as to harmonize it in any particular; ferjnK and burden of heary co-t of a
withthe dissenting views expressed by ; natlonal war bowcver Kotieii orcr
; Associate Justice Harlan and by other by tfae excItement and ambItIons and
critics of the decision. To-night it is ; glory of a 8UCCeggful conquest
regarded as settled that the "rule of
reason" will prevail throughout tho Vx.Vrl(ient I)Ua fo? SpaJn.
land in the interpretation of the Sber-
rtLTr.,ct low until -t insist th Vera Cruz, Mexico, May 30. Tn
o, ,,o,i,. .t,,.
es or the Sherman Anti-Trust law is .""'w "J
amended. Canada, dean of the corpa. paid their
In reality the decision was nothing, Iast respect to General Dial thU
less than a deliberate exemplification i morning. The ex-Preildent greeted
of the application of the "rule of rea-;a11 guesta cordially and had a pleas
son" to "undisputed facts." From ( act word for each,
the date of the organization of the! General Diaz, accompanied by Sen
first combination the Court found jo Diaz, Porflrio Diaz, Jr., and hi
that there was a purpose to acquire ; wIfe flre grandchildren and other
mintnn rnnrni nt th. tnhaerfi more remote members of the family.
the mere exertIoQ of the;
contract and toi
trade but by methods devised in or-!1" 5ai "r apam tee aame nim or
monopoUze the trade by drlv.the following day.
competitors out of business. This '
purpose was carried out ruthlessly ac-j
i I'MrillTlV 1(1 I MM 1 (111 I I II 1111 IIP-
- - " - ...o , - r
sumptOI1 that to work upon the the-
ory or play upon the cupidity of corn-
petitors would make successes possi
ble. Such action viewed In the "light
of reason" as regarded by the Court
was violating the law.
On practically every point on
which the Government appealed from
the decision of the lower court, it
scored a victory to-day. In the first
place, James B. Duke and the twenty
eight other individual defendants
were held to be parties to the unlaw
ful combination instead of being
freed from further responsibility In
the case, as directed by the Court be
low. (Continued on Page 7.)
tea ,tii3 4Vr&ir f . Ir--5st
. . . . . . .
a. i "4?. tot ..i a
t:ti4ft4 tfce Jeiy ?4 ? AfttSMtt?
t tr ttr !?-: drtt ;!. T"Su
r.4 of otier fisie Jr. a!otgiU
aa4 hf fftar 4 air. Tft.
ith s-rrry of Wr Sttssa. rs
hiMlr,c up to th l&r r4 ass
phihtrr tbef -f f'atlf tea tae4
-an4 ;:.! !e tr. he r.4 rro45
aKut if? ;-ekr '.r.4 It
probtS ti vtiomi itt;j?-i fe4
raot UrceSy tUr4l ts?nrUl d?
celebration Wbi&Ktoa h mms
"Far hf u from me' jaid tb
Premident. 't mlRlsjit n any y
by the ufs-tior lh debt o
to tho men buffed her, who frr14
on the ucc-f ui vtrufsU tht rc-
u'ted in the abolition of the ratcr
of ulavery and hSch seemed Jnefadl
cable Mtp by :;cb at) afu! taua
ter of the brtKhtet fitsd brjiet and
bt f the nation youth and mas
"I i-hall not ttop to 4Ucaa telb
er it m'.gbt have I -en j.Mible to ac
complUh the tarae great reformi hf
milder nuihtuSt. Whether that bo
true or net. the upren aacr'fic of
these nun ho lie about u. In lh
aue f adtancinc Irjmanlty can
never t U n-d or ob urrl by uch
a suggestion. But tbn thought at
u ,hat t.(U Jn hc hj.,,owt.tl rr,.aco
of thee dead whose ideal of patriot
Ism and loe of their countrymen It
needed a war to make everl&atinjtly
evident, ue should abate no eSfort
and should strain eery nerve and
avail ourselves of evry honorable
possible device to avoid war in tho
"I am not blind to th aid in creat
nj? Mimly manhoot, thal thc rnmury
discipline we tsee In the standing arm
ies of Kurope and in the regular army
of this country furnishes, nor do I
deny the Incidental benefit that mar
grow out of the exlgenclea aad se
quelae of war. But when the books
are balanced the awful horrors of
either Internecine or International
strife far outweigh the benefit that
may be traced to It.
.. ug ,cav? thU beautlfu, c,ty of
the natIonal dc.af, th.rt.for wita tbe
deepest gratitude to the men whose
valorous deeds we celebrate and
whose memories we cherlth, with the
tenderest appreciation of the value
of the examples they have set, but
with a determination In every way
possible consistent with honesty and
manly and national self-restraint to
, avoid tbe necessity for the display of
that , Ulf-acriflc ti.t .
commemorate to-day In them."
n was not 80 ,on ino 1 re1'
-'iuent saia. wccn an intuu ny on
have progressed away from that Idea.
If that be true now, why may It
nQt b? true Jn the near future of
naUons? Why wlH ,t not ghow more
Patriotism and more lore of country
to refuge tQ tQ war fof an niuH
consular corns, renresentlne sixteen
i . l - . .1 V. .i . .1 ll'llll. it-
will go aboard the iteamer Ypiranga
to-morrow afternoon. The steamer
. . .. ...
Xegro Kill Wife and Then Attempta
to Commit Suicide.
Wilmington, X. C., May 30. Fol
lowing his wife's leaving him Thurs
day of last week, William Stepney,
colored, to-day shot the woman as
she was on her way to attend the ex
ercises at the Federal Cemetery. He
called her in to the yard of hU home,
and without a word of warning fired.
After giving directions to several ne
groes who rushed up as to where he
wanted the body of his wife burled.
Stepney drew a pistol from his pock
et and fired two bullets Into his side.
He fell with his head on hU wife, and
was in that attitude when the coroner
arrived. The woman died instantly,
but Stepney is at the city hospital
and will probably recover.