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0 / 75
jJLL JLL ,J I 4
- - - - -
RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1911.
j:.-.:-v! of helping the farmer to
x, - his Income, tbe Democrats
!o -.;hJfd his taxes.
-rr ville reiorts the granting of
r;. -iivortes in one day, which is
n to Greensboro's record.
Wr y doesn't Attorney-General Bic
kc: ,-xanjine North Carolina's antl-
r.-i law and see If it really has any
Had you noticed that the public
rtool system in this State, under
Democratic management, Is top-
Tho State officials set a bad ex
amile by deciding to buy the granite
for the new State building from an
It seems that many Democratic
officials in this State are either In
competent or that they are winking
Now honest, have you heard or
seen a mocking-bird since Aycock an
nounced that he would again be a
candidate for office?
If you could cut the politics, out
o fthe public school system In the
State the children might be able to
ec-cure an education.
An exchange says children should
bo taught to think. And there are
some grown-ups that should be
.aught the same thing.
Mr. IJryan says that no Democrat
cares for office. That may be so, but
some of them get awful hungry for
the salary attached thereto.
Webster's Weekly says that law
enforcement depends upon educa
tion. Then it is time to turn out the
illiterate Democrats and take charge
of the State.
The Democratic politicians claim
that the tariff is responsible for the
high cost of living. There is no tariff
on coffee and why does it continue to
soar in price?
The Democratic Governor of Mas
sachusetts spent over $16,000 to se
cure his election. He must have a
good income from some other source
than his office.
An exchange says that Georgia
passed many hours without a Gover
nor. That is nothing strange -South
Carolina has been without one for
If the Lumberton Robesonian does
not stop telling the truth about the
Democratic mismanagement in Robe
son County, it may expect to be read
out of the party.
Mr. Bryan says the next session of
Congress will materially effect, the
next campaign. Most especially if the
Democrats try to pass more legisla
tion to destroy the industries of the
The Supreme Court has ruled that
you can't borrow whiskey except for
snake bites. And just think, this
decision has been handed down in
the winter time when there are no
The Democratic Governor of Mas
sachusetts has filed a sworn state
ment showing that his election cost
him over sixteen thousand dollars. As
the salary is only $8,000, it is not ex
actly clear what he wanted with the
Webster's Weekly urges that Sim
mons should be returned to the
United States Senate as in all prob
ability he would step into Senator
Bailey's shoes. But hasn't a major
ity of the Democratic papers in this
State declared Bailey unfit to be a
North Carolina's Commissioner of
Agriculture says there is no over
production and that cotton should
sell for fourteen cents a pound. And
U would be selling for. even more
than that if it were not for the
threats made against the cotton in
dustry by a Democratic Congress. .
; t . '
uirj mentor Window Smahin;r
Campaign ar.d Were Arr-te! f,y
A cablegram sent out from Los 1
jdon. England. Tuesiay night, say: 1
! "The suffragettes fare! bally at
) the hand of the police tonight. They
j had tried to force their way into the!
House of Commons and make a pro-!
test on the floor of the House against J
the Prime Minister's refusal to oled?
j te government to a bill giving equal
suffrage to both sexes, but they failed!
even to reach the entrance to Par-j
liament. , l
Thwarted by the police, who made!
223 arrests, the suffragettes resorted j
to a campaign of window smashing, f
Driven from Parliament Square by j
the police. 1,800 of whom were on
duty, the w omen, accompanied by
sympathizers and gangs of rowdies,;
proceeded through White Hall armed!
with bags of stones concealed under!
their coats, and broke windows in
public offices, Liberal headquarters!
and the National Library. j
I The militant tactics of the suffra
. gettes followed a statement by Pre-
mier Asquith that the government
j was unable to Introduce a bill to en
franchise women, as the Cabinet was
divided on the question, but would
allow an amendment to be introduced
to the proposed manhood suffrage
bill, leaving it to the House of Com
mons to decide whether women
should be given a vote.
Revolutionists Worst Battle is Now
PendingPreparing to Attack
Nanking Former Viceroy of Can
toii Flees to Europe Mohamme
dans Figure in Situation.
San Francisco, Nov. 21. Revolu
tion troops are assembling In great
numbers outside of Nanking, accord
ing 'to a cable dispatch received to
day by Chinese Free Press, and the
attack on the city Is expected within
a few hours. The troops are com
manded by General Cao Shu Chung,
former general under the Manchu
government. The revolutionists are
well supplied with arms and am
munition. Hong Kong advices to the Chinese
daily papers say the former Viceroy
of Canton, Chong Ming Chi, has cut
off his queue and gone to Europe.
The commander-in-chief of the re
publican army in Canton is sending
the regiment north and will lead the
other troops of his command in any
attack on Peking.
Cliang Continues Iefensive Prepara
tions. Nanking, Nov. 21. General Chang,
commander of the Imperial forces
within the city, continues his defense
preparations, indicating his deter
mination to stand a siege. The rail
way has not been interfered with.
The heights commanding the city
are unguarded. General Chang
seems to consider the walled city im
pregnable. In revenue for the desertion of
General Shu, who went over to the
revolutionaries, General Chang has
beheaded Shu's relatives who re
mained inside the city.
Reports of Massacre of Foreigners.
Peking, Nov. 21. The killing of
foreigners at Sian Fu, Shen Si prov
ince, has been further confirmed by
two Chinese students who have ar
rived from that city. During the
fighting in Sian Fu a mob attacked
the China Inland Mission, located
outside the city. They murdered
Mrs. Beckman, said' to be an Ameri
can, and five of the mission children.
Mr. Beckman was wounded, but es
caped, saving an infant. The surviv
ing foreigners were sheltered by Chi
nese Christians and subsequently de
parted outward toward the railroad.
The Potal authorities here express
the opinion that Mohammedans, who
are numerous in Sian Fu, are re
sponsible for the outrages.
Famine in Russia Causes 8,000,000
to Go Hungry,
A cablegram sent from St Peters
burg, Russia, states that eight mil
lion persons are in need of immedi
ate relief owing to the failure of the
crops in twenty Russian provinces.
The Russian Preimer explains that
the crops failed completely in twelve
provinces and partially In eight oth
ers. Of the 12,500,000 inhabitants
of the affected territory, 8,000,000
were in immediate need of relief.
The necessary measures would re
quire, the-Premier said, the expendi
ture of $60,000,000, of which amount
the Imperial exchequer would have
to find $44,000,000. Half of the to
tal was necessary at once, to defray
the cost of supplies already dispatch
ed. M. Kokovzoff added that actual
famine conditions were not wide
spread yet, but the sanitary situation
was a cause of great anxiety.
isri FIl.MJKTTK STORM
I MP. NT.
U till 1 Ulll mml Ilftff -
? 4 .
j DCt WCCI1 the NCW CommCrCC
Court and the Interstate
Commerce Court May
' TfM ,Ur ,Unk' tMl TranwntinmUl
JUilm wU Combine to Defeat
.... , ., t f
lull.Iig f rt Mnhi
Through the Panama Canal Mr. i
it.. I,- t i,i..,J , . if
I Laker of Ikiltimorc Make a Moi
Interesting Statement Ilefone a
Senate CVminltfrc Will thr ;,(
eminent Have to Huild tiw Steam,
ship Line and Also a Transmit;
nent.il I la H mad? Soim Atonl
Ing Frtlglit Hatefi Will nilna He.;
.e a (irvat Republic, or Will M
IMvi.ixi. " H
lopeciai 10 me Caucasian, i
Washington, D. C. Nov. 21, 191ll!has or W,JI raIs lh- i)o5nt that
T!k citnatinTi in phinr. hf. irrnxn
so serious that our Government basiorSanie a company, and no
felt called upon to order several war-
ships and some troops to Chinese wa
ters. It is understood that our
forces will co-operate with other Eu
ropean forces that were associated
together to protect the lives of for
eigners during the Boxer movement
several years ago. It looks as If the
present revolution will result either
in the establishment of a republic or
a constitutional monarchy somethingl8Ucn a steamship line have, one after
.... ... . . .
is possmie, nowever, tnat tne coun -
. . . . '
try may be divided Into two govern
China May be Divided.
It is known that over half of the
States In China have, through theif
State, governments, declared square
ly for a republic. There are nineteen
States in all, and ten or eleven of
those in the southern part of China
seem to have been co-operating to -
gether to this end. There are, hesrt m3.--fa1 ... - . .......
ever, few people who realize thatThe cJocrnment Will Have to Build
even If China was divided into two! - fit..muin t i
nations or governments that each
government would still contain more
population than any other govern
ment on earth.
There are no doubt a number of
the larger European powers who
would like to seize this opportunity
tween themselves, as already
been done in the case of Africa.
ery large European country, except;
Italy, has already gotten its slice of
Africa, and now the remaining pow
ers are winking at Italy while she
grabs Tripoli as her slice. It Is un
derstood, however, that the American
government will not favor or submit
to the dismemberment of China in
the way that Africa has been par
celed out into colonies under the con
trol of European government.
A Clash Between the Interstate Com
merce and the New Commerce
Within the last week there has de
veloped two most interesting situa
tions, the results of which will be of
very great importance. The first is
the action of the Commerce Court
just created by the last session of
Congress in issuing an injunction to
stay the orders of the Interstate Com
merce Commission in making a gen
eral reduction of freight rates where
upon investigation ,they have been
adjudged too high.
It will be remembered that the last
session of Congress passed a law
strengthening the hands of the Inter- j
state Commerce Commission by di
recting that the Commission should
not permit any rate on a short haul
to be higher than the rate on a long
haul. The only discretion given to
the Commission was that where man
ifest injustice would be done on ac
count of peculiar conditions, then
the Commission might use this dis
cretion and make exceptions to the
After, long and patient investiga
tion, the Commission has announced
its reductions of rates under this law
and under the general law. The rail
roads, of , course, ran at once to the
Interstate Comerce Court for an in
junction, but it was not thought that
that court would grant an injunction
in such a case. " The action of the
court has caused a great deal of crit
icism not only among legislators here
in Washington, hut by business peo
ple and public men all over the Unit
An Effort to Abolish the Commerce
' Court. '
Already Senator Cummins and
Senator Borah and a number of the
other leading progressives have de
clared that a bill will he introduced
to abolish the court, and that there
will be enough votes in Congress to
pass the bill. They further say that
jf the President should veto the bill.
i fcMl IS !4tl 5Wf
j third KiJor'.ty to px tfc bill over!
au tto, that tfcejr eosSd iifeJu&s!
j eotirt at of etltttsf la that ar. j
I I tat AgalctM; a l ?Cfaaihjp Utr
j to Carry l-Yrigftt 4 Parfi 2rr
Through the Pntuj Caaal,
The country or or
j startled a few day ago by a stale
! meat made by Mr. it. N. Hikrr,
f Haitimore. exptainlnic why m ba t i
'd to organ! a conipaay of af-S
7 a ...
ficlent capital to build a steA5jhUi
to ply from u AtUnte pa j
dflc Cca&ls through the Canal. f
Mi Baker U himself a man of ton-1
... , . . i
tiderable means and has been a lead-
ing captain of industry for many
fea? He organled the great At-
jjianuc iransjK)rt ssaniEhip t oapjny j
i land was its active manierr for at
! numlMr of ar- i! haB organized
qmany other imiortant enterprises
; and ajj ot tQem turceiisfully.
Mr. Baker has been at work
sometime to t rv in nrpan!r n tinnm.
ship line to transport passengers and tereU Uhit,S lhI 8Jrtem hl
freight from one coast or ocean tohulred lhe IU1:iRh nd ou
the other through th rni . h
f fcas met with signal failure. Nobody j
i . . ... . .... ... .
! aKer was not a
eomnetpnt nan tn
capitalist wbo has refused to take
stock in the enterprise has Kiven
such a reason.
The remarkable Information which
Mr. Baker has given to the inter-
state Commerce Committe in ix
plaining his failure has been that a
number of bankers and financial in-
stitutlons which had earlier encour -
atrpd him trv Pn ahQ,i nft rt
Itanother. air withdrawn their sub -
frtntinn ennnnrt ir
; 1 ' c
fiM hani-intr tnHttinnc
that are, of course, closely connected
with transcontinental railroads, and
their action has unquestionably' been!0 the rioJmont gect,on of Norlh
infiuenced by these transcontinental Carolina-
railroads not rlpslrin onx. ,nmnan.i ! ws reported that the Durham
tlon of any kind. He sa4d he found!
i01" that ships should be built to
It, is well-known that the freight
that is not perishable and can be
carried by a slow freight Is not desir
able to the transcontinental railroads
and they seem to be willing that such
freight should be carried bv water,
t surprise at running against
riiiinn thinirc it a
t o- - v
: ne naa every connaence or succeed-
no idea that he should run against
this formidable and apparently well
organized opposition against the
building of such a line. He suggest
ed, however, to this committee that
if private capital could (not be in
duced to build such a line on ac
count of such a powerful opposition.
that then the Government should by
all means build such a line and oper
A Government Transcontinental Rail
road Also Needed.
It has also been suggested In a
number of quarters In the last few
days that the Government should also
build a transcontinental railroad line
so that there should be competition
by rail across the continent as well
as by water through the Canal.
The experience of Mr. Baker shows
how concentrated and compact all of
the great banking, railroad and In
dustrial combinations are organized
together, and we shall soon see
whether or not they have already
grown stronger and bigger than the
Some Astonishing Freight Rates.
In this connection, it is most In
teresting to notice some of the facts
gathered by the Interstate Commerce
Commission in their recent Investiga
tion of railroad rates. The facts
gathered show how it Is in the power
of the railroad lines when working
together to build up on business and
make it an impregnable trust while
breaking down any other competing
The Commission found that the
railroads made vastly discriminating
charges in favor of certain trusts, of
which the rates to the Sugar Trust
Is a fair illustration. For Instance,
they found that sugar valued at ap
proximately $150 a ton Is shipped at
the rate of one and ninety-three hun
dredths mills per ton per mile, while
cement, on the other hand, which is
valued at only $30 per ton, is forced
to pay a freight rate of six and six
teenth mills per ton per mile.
It is well-known that the rule that
is supposed to be equitably followed
in fixing freight rates will take Into
consideration the value of the mate
rial shipped per ton, the material of
the less value not being able to stand
a rate as high as a material of the
Here we have cement, which is
4 (Cdntinued on page 5.)
these bankers and financiers not so "".also been purcnased hy tne .Nor-; p"-" ' "'oa
hostile to the Idea of a slow steam- tolk Southern, but one of the offlclal, ; ' ''t Cere. to a.k. It
ship ne as they were of an, sugges- f the Durham and Southern ha, r llT'V IVJJ'" !
A D!S RAILCOflD DEAL!
Norfolk Southern GeU Con -
tro! of Three Other Roads
in This State
j OAT DU1LD IIOBE TOAOlAGE
a;d l!uu1iitf aa4 Ah4r mA
Ttioe !nfrrrtd ta Sotirtk fHithj
rm Hta4ttim Ttml IKtrtvsm
mmi Sitiem l!a Item itchar4 j
AlM-1toaI May IVe Ktrad To:
C!vHotl lr War of fisnrtml !
man Not iNflnltely MatrL
A big railroad deal was consul -
I mated la Kaleljch Friday whereby the
Norfolk Southern Hailroad or the In
i lue uurnain ana v.narioue ana
ana ineir suusiaiarii's.
Th Raleigh and South port, rx-
s urn i;nir i riiHi tz.tiA'ikrrT ici m vfi 1 1 1
"- " ..J
- " - " " .
i I,ue8; ine uurnaiu ana , ilir'!,"?.
Mending from Colon to Tro, N, au lfe. tolutlon of th road bttildtB
! trackae of about fifty mile, and the problem.
Aberdeen aaJ Ahboru' xtendlr' Some of th speakers wer ftp
from Asbeboro to Aberdeen, has a
Package of about 112 mile.
Adding thls new iTck f '
! 222 mllea to ,ts PMnl trackage of.
! 620 miles, the Norfolk Southern, ;
when all new connections are made,!
iw,n have 3 total tracka
glnla ana North Carolina between
Q. ,n.,A,i ...
? b40 and S50 miles, Increasing its
! mi,eaRe 33 1'3 per ccn.1 anii RU'n
it an inlet into a very large portion
Southern, from Durham to Dunn,
ern had not made public all of lta
f plans, btrl It U rumored that It will
niea mat report, ine AonoiK rrouin- i v w wuti m
build more trackage and connect with ! Insur tbe maintenance of order and
Concord and Charlotte. j !he "vanc of law.
The Raleigh Chamber of Com-! "Ag eoon a the decUlon of the
merce is making an effort to have the pab,net wa reached, ibi commander
Norfolk Southern erect Its principal 1 in",n,ef of the Atlantic fleet was di-
j shops in Raleigh,
i f:uv itMvi.v& njin tTi-'ii ivti'v
i Mexican General is Charged With VI -
i . . ........ .
j General Bernado Reye, was ar -
rested at San Antonia Texas- Sa-ur"
aay uy a unuea states aiarsnai on
tbe charge of violating the neutrality
laws. The arrest was made in pur
suance of an indictment returned by
the Federal grand jury sitting at La
Besides General Bernardo Reyes,
four Mexicans of prominence and the
sheriff of Webb County, Texas, are
charged In indictments returned in
the United States District Court at
San Antonio with conspiracy to vio
late the neutrality laws of tbe Unit
Saturday's indictments came as a
chlimax to an Investigation by the
Federal grand Jury, In progress for
several weeks, of report that an up
rising in Mexico with General Reyes
as the leader was being arranged on
this side of the border.
New York Rankers Offer Fund
$50,000 to Handle Cotton in
New York, Nov. 21. New York
bankers who have been conferring
here for the last two days with rep
resentatives of the Governor's Con
ference and the Southern Cotton
Congress announced this afternoon
that they had raised a fund of $50,
000,000 to be placed Immediately In
the cotton belt States for the pur
pose of handling the cotton crop of
1911, and enabling growers to par
ticipate in any rise In the market.
Washington, Nor. 21. According
to a cotton ginning report issued by
the Census Bureau to-day there were
11,269,986 bales, counting round as
half bales, ginned from the growth
of 1911, to November 14, a com
pared with 8,780,433 bale for 1910.
The per cent of the last two crops
ginned to November 14 i 75.9 for
19l0, and 80.5 for 1909. (
Round bales included thi yea? are
76,011, compared with 93,364 for
Sea Island Included 71,199 bale
for 1911, compared with 52,631 for
President of San Domingo Assaasi
. nated by Political Malcontent.
Ramon Caceroi, president of San
Domingo, was assassinated Sunday
afternoon by political - malcontents.
No uprising followed the assassina
4" ! ray04 U Attft.
fcftt AtwJtr 1W4 U-vi
It Rr.is, trl4at Tafl
.... i. ... . .
!i8s is ait3 ovias id a i
tic h ra4 Ibe Wlu tt&
phfsirUtS to fofti4 him to iat
Was&tairt&a. T lT14rst 11
grajheJ It ttrlK MStt. "t is
j3 gyrapthf U tS tsett8U
wttrSs u gaJfelsur str>a la ff
BiAle In i featieo for !Ss reastrao
lJoa of jraAOfll rdaift.
HTfe tffm thy will U
Ug th lives of th fartser a4 l&ttr
j fatnlllef uch mor full ef tea fort
and la ts iescral VenSl cafrTa
1 by th srrtatrr easa of tattmciaa8
1 lr.lttn thA Mt.nrr, ... ribUt Ka
..--i t mUH t u tf
to utter :ay approval aad &edarat
Secretary of Arrfcalttir Wileoti
attended aa the Preil&e&i special
Governor Mnn pledc4 VlrgiaU
to a policy of hishway development
and an&cu&ced he would snd a tpa-
. . anntulirt'a wouia soa
mE to in iiuatur. its
favored convict labor and declare
noted to national aid. and aaid tha
States should carry oa this work.
WARSIIII'S TO SAX IK) MINGO.
I'nitetl Sfatn Haa Ordeml the Wash
ington and North Caroltaa to Ito
Iort for A tne H ran lrotctlott.
A prei's dispatch sent out fro a
Washington under date of November
"Tbe Cabinet to-day decided that
j . 8" Bomlofo
!mect nn? demand for the protection
o: ior:,Kn uw property and lo
rectea to dispatch the two big Armor
'ed cruisers Washington and North
wm"m ia nipion Jtoans.
-r. Kusaeii. tbe American Minls-
' t . , 1an, 'om,n' wai directed
, to take pasfaEe on the criilr Wuh.
Ington, on which ho will sail torpor-
jrow from Hampton Road.
There 1 nothing on the surface
Indicating danger of serious trouble
In Santo Domingo, but the decision
to send thl powerful naval force to
the Island was Inspired by adeslre to
relieve any other nation from appre
hension as to the safety of It citi
zens or their property."
TRIAIi OF THE MEAT PACKERS.
Ce Against Them for Violating
Sherman Anti-Trust Law Waa Be
The trial of J. Ogden Armour and
nine other meat packers, char gad
with violating the criminal provi
sions of the Sherman anti-trust law
wa begun yesterday before Judge
Carpenter, of the United Bute Dis
trict Court in Chicago. The trial
had formerly been et for Monday
of thi week.
Postponement wa in clgnlzatlott
of the act of Judge KobUatt, of the
United State Circuit Court, who. af
ter quashing writ of habeas corpo
previously granted the packers,
withheld entry of the order until
PROSECLTTXG THE TRUSTS.
The Xomber of Prosecutions Under
President Tart's Admlnl-.!.
WiQ Break tbe Record.
A Washington dlpatch of Mon
The Taft adminUtratlon promises
to break the Roosevelt trust prose
cution record. During the--past five
month more action againt alleged
Illegal combination hare been be
gun than in the entire term of any
other President except RooseTelt.
With fifteen months yet to run,
the .number of prosecutions nearly
equals the total forRosstvelt's seven
Cabinet Met at White House for First
Time In Seven Tears. -
A dispatch from Washington Tues
day afternoon says:
"For the first time in the more
than seven year, a formal meeting
of Cabinet wa held In the White
Houe proper to-day, Instead of the
executive offices. , President Taffi
cold showed Improvement but hi
Physician persuaded him not to ven
ture to his olce.M