North Carolina Newspapers

    Tiff
I
H -M
VCL. XXIX.
' "' -t-nr. """ ' nw- w- - - mill iihm nan i M1 i 1a . T.r it mmm .mmmlllll''Hmt
miTORIAL BRIEF'S)
axe informed that
"i abort this year.
ys Democracy
,biow at re-
I next elect!.' Voodrow
11 probably be x. ng for
f Somewhere
not believe that Democracy
i n, but we do believe that
i
,-0Cra'T needs religion
f:o'.efb(T Coon's speech was not
viu;ar with the Democratic poll
'..'izs but will meet the approval of
c? patrons of the schools.
Tte frequent changes In the fash-i-i
is troubling editor De Priest of
Shelby Highlander, and Brother
. i j
priest isn i even marneu.
If Democracy is a religion, as ex-
r 11. A. T
Governor i oik Eaya, men uemocracy
13 departed from the teachings of
its founder, who was an infidel.
At one time it
was Bryan, the
reries3 One, but now the Concord
Tribune refers to him as Bryan the
warier. How the mighty have fall
Virginia authorities are after the
book trust, but Professor Coon was
howled down when he said anything
about the book trust in North Caro
lina.
Notwithstanding that the school
tax has been increased, many of the
fcnool districts still have to vote a
tpecial tax in order to have a four
months' school.
The Durham Herald says the Dem-
ccratlc party may be united, but It
has failed to hear of anything that
has seemed to please the Bryan wing
of the party.
If you have paid your taxes this
jear you are probably aware of the
fact you are paying a mighty high
rate for a poor grade of Democratic
"good government."
When the writer gives advice he
likes to think it will be taken by
wme, at least. So will advise that
Tou do your Christmas shopping
hen you get good and ready.
congressman bteadman says tne
ri- ..I
high cost of living will be the main
topic of discussion at this session of
Umgress. And so the Democrats in
tend hitting the farmers again.
lue Advocate says mere
we a large number of blind tigers
ia Gaston County and Gaston is
tot the oniv n0m,ran, r.nT,w with
c, . . . .J
u a record, ine democrats snouia
ither enforce the law or repeal it.
.Members of the Democratic com-
fcittee that has been investigating
tie Steel Trust hav fallen out amonz
tv, .
enes and now tne investigating .
--luiuee must De investigated, wno
said there was Democratic harmony?
Sotne of the Democratic papers in
is State continue to criticise Attor-
-General Wickersham for not put-
trust officials in jail. But just
member that under Democratic
'good government" in North Caro
&ia none of the trust officials have
Tea been asked to pay a fine.
Xoru-itw a- v u
notwithstanding the fact that the 1
r,
vLrais are now ursrinsr more
stringent anti-laws by the Federal!
Government, it will also be remem-
ea that not a one of trust mag
tes wore prison stripes during the
lSht years under Grover Cleveland-
During the last campaign the Re-
Joblicans told the voters that the
lic schools of North Carolina
Wera . .
cie not gettine a sauare deal under
mocratic "good government," but
Democratic politicians said the
&arge was simnlv a Ronnhlir.n Ha.
ow who v '
. inly cr"
T
"vfrnor Fo. "
W pT tueBy 8co- fZT fective for such a purnoso been en
zot Coon. Dr. Archibald arohnson. xj : a
41 ' i
e Monroe Journal, the tlatawha I
County News,, and the Biblical Re-
an oi me democratic per
vasion, have made the same charges
$ainst tke Democratic management
rl the public schools
CONGRESS
rnfjurnrc!1
WWII 1 1.11 WW
With lhc Onntn of fnntfr..
Monday Great Battle of
1010 tir o
XV 1Z if as iSegUO
LTTTLETOM STARTS IDE Bill I
H Denounced TIiom? Who 114 Ac
cused Him of Brtng Friend 5 y to
the Stoel Trust and Criticised
Members of Ilia. Own Commit -Democrats
Unable to Quiet Their
Colleajrne A Mixed and Interest
ing Situation The President's
Message to Congress Deals With
the Tru8t Question The Inter,
lew by Republican State Chair
man of Ohio.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 5, 1911. I
(Special to The Caucasian.)
With the opening of Congress on
Monday the reat battle of 1912 has
begun. Nearly every Congressman
and Senataor were in their seats, and
Desldes an unusually large number
gamerea eariy in tne lobbies and on
the floor of both Houses, not only to
exchange greetings but to make earn
est inquiries of each other. The
Congressman or Senator from the
far west was seeking out thase from
the east and north and inquiring
about the political outlook in this
State and that, and vice versa.
The question which the eastern
Republicans mostly put to the wes
tern Republicans was, Did the Presi
dent strengthen himself in the west
on his recent trip? The general
concensus ,of the replies was that
he did. Some declared that he
strengthened himself very much.
Even some who are not enthusias
tically supporting the President ad
mitted that he commanded the at-
tention of the people, that they lis-
tened intently to what he said, and
that they were ready to approve his
administration if he and his Tariff
Board should make good during this
session of Congress on the 'question
of revision along the line of his
speeches.
A Mixed and Interesting Situation.
One sitting in the galleries could
realize that there were not only two
great parties facing each other for
the control of this great Govern
ment, but that both of these parties
are so badly divided as to almost
amount to four parties. Every one
realized that the situation was un
usually mixed and uncertain, and
besides that the verdict of the people
at the polls next year will be, really
determined by what Congress does
or does not do in the next few
months.
Among the members there was
the greatest diersity of. sentiment as
to how long the session would run
nd fta tn what, would be done. Mr.
underwood, the Democratic leader,
said Congress would stay, in session
until next fall, long after both the
national conventions had been held.
There were others who thought that
Congress would get down to DusIness
early and pass some measure
strengthening the Sherman anti-trust
haw as requested by the President,
and also pass or refuse to pass the
legislation revising the tariff accord
ine to the facts which the Tariff
- ard furnisn president.
There was great interest shown by
the general public also as to the
meeting of Congress. More than an
hour before the assembling' of Con
gres every seat in the galleries was
taken, and those anxious to get seats
were pacneo ten 10 mieen leet ueep
in the galleries outside.
President Taft's Message.
President Taft's message to Con
gress Tuesday was devoted entirely
to the Sherman anti-trust act and
to the trust question in general, but
1V . . ,
lt was luoruugu auu tuuipicucuauc
ine rresiaent opposes cm? reyeai,
or any amendment to, the Sherman
anti-trust act, but recommends that
Congress pass a Federal incorpora
tion law and supplemental acts that
would describe and denounce meth
ods of competition that are unfair.
Mr Taft TACommends the creatilon of
an executive bureau with powers sim-
Uar to those of the Interstate Com-
merce Commission, to have super-
vision . over corporauons cnarxerea
-. i
unaer me r eaerai iaw.
Referring to the dissolution of the
American Tobacco Trust, the Preai-
dent says not in the history of
American law has a decree more ef-
lereu ujr tk cuuiu auu i?i.cx .u.& w
tha AffeMlvonMR and imnortanee of
Uh anti-trust law the President
&ays:
"For twenty: , years or more this
statute has been upc?. the statute
books'. ' All knew Its general pur
pose and approved. Many of its rio-
tVALEIGH. N. C, THURSDAY. DECEMBER
er cynical over it jamt4
impotence, it wtae4 impossible off
emorcement. bio! ths mill of th
couru ground, and only gradually
vv iuc iiiajcjiiy os log iaw uitrt n-f
lf t it smesmaa -author
ldUfd il te Uving foros,
land they and others taw tb evil grow
which they hoped to destroy. Now
rw,.'" ?Tr
P W Wr S Vto W
hievement now we hear the call for
lu repeal on the plea that It later
fer with business prosperity, and
we are advised in most general
terms how by some other statute and
in some other way the evil we are
Just stamping out can be cured. If
we only abandon thla work of twenty
years and try another experiment of
another term of years. .
"It is aid that the act haa not
done good. Can this be said in the
face of the effect of the Northern
Securities. decree? That decree waa
in no way so drastic or inhibltlve in
detail as either the Standard Oil de
cree or the Tobacco decree; but did
It not stOD for all time the then
powerful movement toward the con
trol of the railroads of the country
in a single hand? Such a one-man
power could not have been a health
ful Influence in the Republic, even
though exercised under the general
supervision of an interstate commis
sion." President Taft stated that other
messages dealing on other subjects
will be sent to Congress before the
adjournment for the holidays.
Republican State Chairman Brown
of Ohio.
The recent Interview given by Re
publican State Chairman Brown, of
Ohio, in which he said that the ma
jority of the Republicans of Ohio
were against the renomination of
President Taft, was for a day or vwo
the subject of much discussion, not
only at the Capitol but also in all
the hotel lobbies.
It Is understood, however, that
Chairman Brown was expressing dif
ferent opinions when he was trying
to get some patronage for some of
his friends in Ohio not long ago, and
the fact that the President could
not see his way to appoint some of
the men. recommended and urged byJ
Air. crown is me wnoie cause oi nis
recent hostile Interview.
Leading Republicans from Ohio,
who have been here for the last few
days, say that the President will get
a solid delegation from his State,
and that the interview of State
Chairman Brown will only make the
rank and file of the Republicans of
Ohio more active and earnest in their
support of the President and his pol
icies. Congressman Littleton's Speech.
On the opening day of the session
of the House, Congressman Martin
W. Littleton, of New York, arose to
a question of personal privilege,
reading extracts from some newspa
pers containing anonymous attacks
upon him, charging that he was a
friend of the Steel Trust and was
trying to prevent further investiga
tion by the Congressional Committee.
Mr. Littleton not only denounced
these attacks as false and cowardly,
but he went further and declared
that some members of the Investigat
ing committee had either been fooled
or induced to take the position which
they had in opposition to the course
he had urged in order to bear the
stock market, and that certain bear
operators on the stock exchange in
New York had been reaping great
profits thereby. This amounts to an
attack upon the Democratic members
of the investigating committee who
disagree with Mr. Littleton, and will
force them to retort.
A number of the Democratic lead
ers exhausted every effort to try to
keep Mr. Littleton from making this
speech and to try to patch up har
mony in the committee, but their ef
forts failed and the breach is now
wide and looks as if it will grow
wider and extend to a further breach
in the ranks of the party. Indeed, it
Is clear that there is already a much
greater division in the ranks of the
Democratic party at the opening of
Congress than there is in the ranks
of the Republican party.
It Was Time to Pray.
A preacher, at the close of one of
his sermons, said: "Let all In the
house who are paying their debts
stand up." Presently every man,
woman and child, with one exception,
rose to their feet
The preacher seated them and
said: "Now, every man not paying
his debts stand up." The exception,
a care-worn, hungry looking individ
ual, clothed in his last summer suit,
slowly assumed a perpendicular po
sition. - "How is It. my friend," asked the
minister. "You, are the only man
not to meet his obligations?"
"I run a. newspaper," he answered
meekly, "and the brethren here who
stood up are my subscribers, and"
" "Let us pray," exclaimed tbo min
ister. Tampa Tribune. 4
111 ' lf '
f.lcNAf.1AnAS ARE GUIUYjSt
wr i;uuuiuif
Los Antics Time Batldto
am! Blowing op Iron Works
ERD OF NOTED TRIAL
Jas. II. McXanar Srmtrsred to Life
ImiHrisontoent for Itlowiag t Um
Ang-ele Tlsea, When 21 IVr
son Were Killed, and John J. Mo
Xamara
Brnteoeed to Serve 15
Tears for
Devising Means for
Blowing Up the Llewellyn Iron
Works More Arrest to Be Mads
In These Noted Cases.
At Los Angeles, California, Fri
day afternoon James B. McNamara
confessed that he blew up the Lot
Angeles Times Building and bis
brother confessed that he was re
sponsible for the destruction of the!
Llewellyn Iron Works, thus brin-tin!
to an end one of the most noted cases !
in the history of this country.
In October, 1910, the Times Build
ing in Los Angeles was blown up by
dynamite and twenty-one persons
were killed. The Times is owned by
General Harrison G. Otis, who em
ployed his labor to suit himself and
refused to listen to the demands of
the union printers, and it was due to
tntt that h i nlonf trie h Aim nn Th.ii
tuts iuai "iJ nao uiw n u uf.
. . 5
uieweiiyn iron worxs were oiown up
for a similar cause. The case had !
been in court for more than a omnth j
but the jury box had not been filled
when the two brothers confessed.
The following report of the case
was out from Los Angeles Friday
night:
"James B. McNamara pleaded
guilty to murder in the first degree
in Judge Walter Bordwell's court
here to-day. His brother, John J.
McNamara, Secretary of the Interna
tional Association of Bridge and
Structural Iron Workers, entered a
plea of having dynamited the Llew
ellyn Iron Works in Los Angeles on
cgfinaa Day-19 it)
"James B. McNamara's confession
clears up absolutely the tragedy of
the explosion and fire which at 1:07
o'closk on the morning of October
1, 1910, wrecked the plant of The
Los Angeles Time at First and
Broadway and caused the death of
twenty-one persons. For nineteen of
these deaths, the McNamara brothers
were indicted and J. B. McNamara
was on trial superfically for the mur
der of Charles J. Haggerty, a machin
ist whose body was found nearer than
that of any other to the spot where
the dynamite was supposed to have
been placed.
"Both men's sentences were set for
December 5th, when it is supposed
District Attorney John D. Freder
icks will ask for life imprisonment
for James B. McNamara, the confess
ed murderer, and probably fourteen
years for his brother. The men's
lives are considered saved. The great
contention that The Los Angeles
Times was not dynamited is dead be
yond resurrection or argument.
To-night as the two brothers sat
together in the county jail refusing
to see anyone or make any state
ment an interest second only to the
occurrence itself, hung about the
question with reference to James B.
McNamara 'Why did he confess?'
To this opposing counsel gave the
same answer.
" 'He confessed because he was
guilty and that's all there is to it,'
declared District Attorney Freder
icks. " 'He was counselled to confess
because that was the best thing to
do, in the opinion of counsel,' said
Attorney Clarence S. Darrow, chief
of counsel. 'I will say now that there
was no other reason or motive in it.
I've studied this case for months. It
presented a stone wall.'
"Darrow also denied that external
looking squarely in the face, the
charges that the recent arrest of Bart
H. Franklin, an investigator employ
ed by the defense and two others with
him, might have precipitated a situa
tion untenable save by confession of
the prisoner. 'Negotiation have been
on for weeks, asserted Darrow, and
this was corroborated by District At
torney Fredericks. "We expected at
one time that Jim would confess last
Monday but he did not,' said Dar
row. McManigal Tells Gruesome Tale.
"Ortle E. McManigal, the confess
ed dynamiter whose admissions are
said to have been a big factor in the
McNamaras pleading guilty, will go
practically free if the plans of the
State in his behalf do not go wrong.
"District Attorney Fredericks told
Malcolm McLean (a Burns detective)
that he would do the best he could
for McManigal.
: "McManigal, when, apprised of the
pleas of the McNamaras, said he was
glad to hear of their action as it
7. 1911.
; Sua 4l2rslly
I " VK I
a. I a?e I'll gi tAtat&c
fr o, ta ta
&T tU
kaj.
"lis lsjjfeid rt:4 at!
own W ss4 a44
r 5iaJ beta troTTi'M-i asytis for j
hat ht t4 dt)& a tta:a&; Udr
C9nrt&4 by DttccUvs MtLarva. feo
said that the rsu of DutrUt At- j
torsey Frdricks this sfi raooa s ,
ths nearest ?rrth to iaasettyl
tnccrtud for MeMi&lraL f
Th UtUr then to! 4 ttm story of ;
the dy&amltlsc 2rrltsc with
some detail about whkh there no
I no further nettlty for recy oa
his ptrt. i
'MeMan!ral said hs flrtt beraa dy-:
namiting In 1907, la Detroit. Mkh . ;
where the Russell Foundry buildtnc
was destroyed. He skipped from that
time until a year ago, bi& be was ta I
the Conover woods in Wisconsin with!
James B. McNamarm and the Utter,
he said, told him then of hsvinc Just
previously dynamited the Times
building.
" 'I went back to my home in Chl-
c&'' b added, 'and lay around
there for a few day- December Sin Ident defended lbs Shtrman Saw,
last I received a telegram from In-stated that be was oppos4 to the r
dianapoli signed "Frank." aiklng peal or amendment of tbt art, bst
meto go to that city. "Frank" mesnt ! recommended that Congress pass a
James B. McNamara. as he at times! federal incorporation law and uppbs
used the name of Frank Sullivan. I mental Initiation that "would d
! went, and Jn John J. McNamara's of
' fire was given instructions by John
i J. himself regarding the Llewellyn
! ffth I f n G-ifrt It h A tuen hrftm!mJ
. v. -I . - .... ..... ... . . ,
that a Christmas present was to w
sent to Los Angeles, and tht I was5
to bring It.
" 'James B. and L. went to John '
J.'s vaults on tbe fifth floor of the!
apolis. where his offices were, an
took out a case specially made to
carry nitroglycerine. The District1
has that case In hi possession herej
now. S
"Well, that was December 9th; we!
hired a rig and drove out to Beach !
Grove, an Indianapolis suburb, where
he had the explosives cached. There
were twelve quarts there and we
took It all, leaving the two empty
cases. . .
" W weht back to J. J.'s' office,
and I got instructions from J. J. him
self to come to Los Angeles. He told
me to put shots under the Llewellyn
Iron Works and the Baker Iron
Works and to be sure to put one un
der the Times auxiliary plant.
Dynamited Iron Works,
" 'Just before arriving at the depot
on December 15th, in Los Angeles,
the train ran along the Los Angeles
Rlveand I took special notice of the
river as a good place to cache the
stuff. At the Hotel Rosslyn I got a
room under the name of T. F. Mc
Kee. Then I went back to the river,
hid the stuff and marked the spot so
that I could not possibly fall to find
It when I wanted It.
"I had been told by J. B. how
to get the Llewellyn Iron Works. It
took me a few days though to find
the Baker Iron Works.
"Then I looked about for the
Times auxiliary plant.
" 'I finally found it. They were
setting up a new press there at the
time. I had a long talk with the
watchman. I looked the place over
and decided it was too well guarded
to do anything there. About 7:30
the night of December 24th, I placed
the whole twelve quarts of 'dope at
the Llewellyn Iron Works, timing it
to explode at 2 o'clock.
" 'About 9 o'clock that night I
took the Soutnern Pacific Valley train
north to San Francisco, where I re
mained a few days and arrived back
in Chicago New Year's Day.'
"At this point In McManigal's
story Detectives McLean and Barry,
who were present, stopped him, say
ing that as the crimes committed In
Los Angeles were fed compared with
the whole number charged against
the McNamara brothers, and of
which McManigal was said to have
knowledge. It would not do for him
to talk too much.
"The confessed dynamiter, bow
ever, was asked about his confession
in which he told of having been in
structed to see 'the big chief and a
man named 'Clancy in San Francis
co before coming to Los Angeles on
the 'Llewellyn Job, but the detec
tives instructed him to mention no
person by that name. That state
ment, however, was made a part of
the court proceedings when his wife,
Mrs. McManigal, was a witness be
fore the grand jury here last su in
ner. " 'I haven't seen my wife since she
left here said McManigal, bitterly.
'Darrow promised her a life's living
if she would desert me, and she took
him up. I suppose shell soon be sell
ing McNamara buttons again. They
ought to be In big demand In the next
few days."
Other Suits Will be Brought.
A special dispatch from Indian
apolis, InL, says:
"The investigation of the Federal
(Continued on paga 3.)
No. 40
PaESIDENl'S UESSAEE
h . . , , g M
Devoted Exdouurcly to Shcrw
nxin Acti-Trcst Lxt ted
Ti ust Question in Central
.
C ETTl IS IDE SOtCDll ACT
-
Hmst th4 ww rm iv4r
tfwlwUa tmw a4 firM
tarwtal lsiiUiUm Tfes UW4 tV
crthr 4 !es& Ut2mIs mi
Vmttwium That Are tafalr
iTrM-fi Th'aa lh Assrm T
tarto CWaay Ih411cmi !Wrrr
Kffertife iHiwr Mmf WlU Us
NrC to t'onxrr IWorw tb lfoU
days.
Pr!dst Tafl'a third an&ua! tars-
C to Co&rret was r4 Se feota
Houses a Tuesday afternoon. Ths
j tnesssf e tu devotrd iclssJvsly to
the Sherman antltmit law sad lm
trust QuttUoa In cnrst Ths Pnrs-
scribe and denounce methods of com
petition that are unfair."
To supervise corporations char
tered under federal law, Preildsftt
Taft proposed the creation of as ex
ecutive bureau, or commission, trf h
powers akin to tboss of the inter
state Commerce Commission.
Speaking of the much discussed
' dissolution of the tobacco trust, tbe
a 1 President declared that ta hi opin
ion "not In the history of American
law has a dec res more effective for
such a purpose been entered by a
court."
Portions of hi message of Janu
ary, 1910, proposing Federal incor
poration were referred to in this mes
sage. "I renew," continued the Presi
dent, "the recommendations of the
enactment of a general law providing
for the voluntary formation of corpo
rations to engage In trade and com
merce among the States aad with
forenlon nations. It Is even more
manifest now than it was then that
though denounclatlon of conspira
cies is restraint should not, aad does
not, mean the denial of organisations
large enough to be entrusted with
our interstate or foreign trade. It
has been made more clear now than
it was then that a purely negative
statute like the anti-trust law may
well be supplemented by specific pro
visions for the building up and regu
lation of legitimate national and for
eign commerce."
The supplement legislation the
President desires Is explained in a
paragraph. "The attempt aad pur
pose to suppress a competitor by un
derselling him at a price so unprofit
able as to drle him out of business,
or the making of exclusive contracts
with customers under which they are
required to give up associations with
other manufacturers and numerous
kindred methods for stifling competi
tion and effecting monopoly, should
be described with sufficient accuracy
In a criminal statute on the one hand
to enable tha Government to shorten
its task by prosecuting single misde
meanors Instead of an entire con
spiracy, and, on the other hand, to
serve the purpose of pointing out
more in detail to the business com
munity what must be avoided."
Mr. Taft did not attempt to set
forth the details the Federal incor
poration act be recommended bat
suggested that combinations of capi
tal allowed to become Federal corpo-.
ration should be subject to rigid
rules as to organizations and pro
cedure. Including effective publicity,
and to the "closest supervision" as
to stock and bond issues by the pro
posed executive burea or commission
In tbe commerce and labor depart
ment. Federal incorporation, the
President declared, would not exempt
any concern or its officers from pros
ecution under the Sherman act for
illegal acts. The courts should be
empowered, the President said, to In
voke the aid of tbe Bnreau of Cor
poration in determining the suitable
reorganization of corporations dis
solved Jby decrees. This work, he
pointed out, might be entrusted to
the proposed supervisory commission
which "should be an executive tribu
nal, of the dignity and power of the
comptroller of the currency or the in
terstate commerce commission."
Again referring to the Sherman
law, the President says:
"The an ti-trust act Is tbe expres
sion of the effort of a freedom lov
ing people to preserve equality of op
portunity. . -' ;
. "This statute as construed by the
Supreme Court must continue to be
the line of distinction for leiitlraata.
business. It must be enforced nnkes
(Continued on page s.)
    

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