RALEIGH. N. C. THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 22. 1912.
f,r-nshoro has another ice trust,
it wonder if the State authorities
vf-r near oi it.
ho Democratic fight now on in
State will not Increase the nura
of cats except of the Kilkenny
M. . .....
Cow-rnor Kitchin sayt
-;;: party owes no man any office.
dy should convey this news to
;vernor Kitchin says that Senator
;:,nions has not Htood true to hi3
.aforrn. The Governor should start
: .-ihing new.
-lvoyard. a Washington
M : nt says that the Democratic
party is on trial. If that be true, It
K will not be necessary for the
fanners to reduce their cotton acre -
nzt- if they will only reduce the nura-j
1,,-r of Democrats in Congress.
Governor Kitchin says Alaska and
South Africa pay as high wages as
America. But who wants to go
Alaska or South Africa to live?
The Democrats seem to be having
a hard time trying to select a suit
able candidate for President. But
they will finally run somebody just
from force of. habit.
Kx-Governor Aycock, another Sen
atorial candidate, has announced that
he will make a speech in Raleigh
soon. More bad news for the mock
Maj. W. A. Graham has a milch cow
that gave birth to twin calves. Of
coarse, this fact will be used as a
campaign argument to show why the
Major should be re-elected Commis
sioner of Agriculture.
It might be well for some of those
Democratic candidates who are ap
plying for another Democrat's job
to remember what happened to ttie
'Doctor" who applied for Dr. Picofs
position at the asylum.
Mr. Simmons and Mr. Duncan are
a fine pair of hybrid political twins.
There is one thing, however, that they,
heartily agree on, and that is that
neither one of them want to see the
party grow in North Carolina.
Some of Congressman Hobson's
Democratic colleagues say he has
acted in a "cowardice way." If they
keep this up they will have most of
the Democratic side of the Hous.
branded before the session is over.
It doesn't make any difference to
us if Governor Kitchin has read Sen
ator Simmons out of the Democratic
party, but the Governor is overstep
ping the bounds when he attempts to
read Simmons into the Republican
Governor Kitchin says Senator
Simmons should not be returned to
the U. S. Senate. The Republicans
agree to that statement, though they
Tvill hardly agree with the Governor
as to who should be Simmons' suc
cessor. it seems that some oi the Demo
cratic Congressmen in this State
were glad for the Federal Govern
ment to send soil experts into their
districts in North Carolina so the
Congressmen could use that argu
ment in favor of their re-election,
but the same Congressmen think it
all wrong for the Federal Govern
ment to give any aid to the Confed
erate soldiers in this State.
Senator Simmons voted in the last
Congress to keep his friend Lorimer
in his seat, in spite of the ugly evi
dence tending to show corruption and
fraud of widespread kind of his elec
tion. More evidence of fraud and
corruption having been produced, an
other committee of the Senate has
been appointed to investigate the
same and will soon make another re
port Will Senator Simmons again
vote to whitewash his friend Lorimer?
ANOTHER DEMOCRATIC ROW.
! Conurmsn Uatmtm !!& Artrd in a
j "Cowardice Way" riajr IIU Itrau.
n. D. C., Feb. IT.
ter peroi.v ' Hark on r!onrunt. i
tlve It. P. ifl o ere made on the
House floor t,of his Deniocraticj
(colleagues, Ue "'jiatlv Hay. of
Virginia, and 11 - 'vntaliv Fitz
' Kerald. of New Yo. ' Uemarks in
jferted in the Congr--. ial Record
3 . - A . - .
ui no; uuerca on tne h-or, the Ala
bam i an with acting in a "cowardice j
"7 """ w,a'ca "wuw,a u-j
Totea more time to thr rhmta
i platform than attending the House!
jgeFslons. Hay said he felt called np-f
) on to repudiate on behalf of the mill-!
tary affairs committee the "cowardly!
insinuations" contained in Hohson's j
criticism of the army reorganization j
j STRANGE flUN IN ASYLUM
jMaa Thought to Hail From
j CaSWcll County Waots Dr.1
Calls Himself "Dr. Watkins" and
Thinks Superintendent Has Treat
ed Him Unfairly by Not at Least
Making Him One of the Attending
Dr. Picot, Superintendent of the
Insane Asylum at Raleigh, has a very
strange patient In his charge.
It was only a few weeks ago that
Dr. Picot was elected superintendent
to succeed the late Dr. McKee. A
man who called himself "Dr. Wat
kins" heard there vere to be some
new appointments of physicians at
the asylum and he went over to ap
ply for Dr. Picot's place, and this
fact convinced Dr. Picot that the
man was crazy and he had him com
mitted to one of the wards In the
asylum for treatment.
A reporter of the News and Obser
ver heard of the strange man at the
asylum and went over to see him,
and rgives the- following-account, of
"Doctor" Watkins is one of the
most recent additions to the State
Hospital for the Insane, and to date
Superintendent Louis J. Picot has
found nobody who knows anything of
this strange character. And he is
held while Dr. Watkins, In his per
verted mind, believes himself the vic
tim of intrigue.
Some time ago this stranger a
peared at the institution and asked
for a .position as physician in the
hospital. At that time there was
Xsome electing to do and as responsi
bilities always gravitate to the man
who will wear them, Doctor Watkins
was on the spot ready for that grav
itation. He asked for an assistant's
place. Dr. Picot saw in a second his
trouble. He told the man that he
had no position for him and the
stranger reappeared the following
day. Again he wanted a position as
physician. He had not eaten any
thing for three days. Dr. Picot took
him away, went through the legal re
quirements and committed him to the
hospital from the county of Wake.
Meanwhile he has grown restive.
He has heard that somebody has
been given his place. He believes
that Doctor Picot has toted unfairly
with him and that a perfectly compe
tent alienist has been shelved for a
political favorite. He cusses the su
perintendent, doctor,- and there isn't
in all of the range of insanity, a thing
in worse form than cussing Doctor
A reporter visited him two days
ago. "Where are you from, Doctor
Watkins?" he asked with solemnity
enough to spring the knee joints of
an archangel standing up under its
"None of your d business,"
Doctor Watkins replied as he turned j
. . , . ... a .
me a d d lie, that's what you done,"
as he looked at both interviewers.
Each effort to pull him out resulted
in peremptory demands to talk out
the window. Doctor Picot pacified
him by making his interviewer keep
quiet. He drew from the confined
"doctor" that the ancestral home of
.J X J V VVi -rft,. v f
1 Watkins was in Caswell County, but
nnf.tnf vinnt a Tin von nave 10 anne siren Kin oi me rresiueui u
the gentleman confessed himself an
expatriate, if indeed not an ascetic,
caring nothing for home ties or
brethren and living unto himself. He
could , not talk long without rever
sion to the perfidy of Dr. Picot In
choosing somebody to takehis place
while he must stay there and brood
over the unattached job.
"Where did you study medicine,
Doctor Watkins?" the reporter again
asked. The doctor looked as if he
meant to talk again, but he looked
up again and snorted: "I thought I
told you to keep your d- - mouth
out of this. This is me and the doc
tor. He is responsible for this.
D a newspaper man anyway."
(Continued on page 3.)
Congressman WcKinley in
! Charge of President Cam-
i PlgQ for Renomfcialion
FRIENDS OF ROOSEVELT BUSY
I The Colonel May Uue a Formal lie
pljr to Hbj Friends Within a Week
or Ten Days The Sugar Trust In.
relitigation Anotlier iNmiratJc
Fiirce Tlie I'nited SLatm Supreme
Cmn and the Initiatlre and HeterA
endum The Chines Republic
Hoists a w Hag The Caucas
ian Iredictioim Came True.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington. D. C. Feb. 20, 1912.
On yesterday the yellow and red
dragon flag of the Chinese monarchy
was pulled down at the legation of
that country in Washington, and in
its place there will go up the white
and blue flag of the new Chinese re
public. At the same hour the same
Chinese flag was hauled down at ev
ery Chinese legation and embassy at
the capital of every country in the
world. The act symbolized the fact
of the birth of the newest and larg
est republic in the world. There are
over four times as many people In the
Chinese republic as in the United
The Caucasian predicted when the
uprising in that country started a
few months ago against the Tartar
dynasty of China that this revolution
would not fall like the Boxer revolu
tion and other revolutions, but that
it was a real revolution headed
straight for a Republican form of
government, and that It was almost
certain that the Chinese people would
never lay down arms again until the
hated Manchu Tartars who had con
quered them three hundred years ago
were forever driven from Chinese
At that time but few papers in
th Rtat.ft Matin K ti a",
, . -o "
view eipressea Dy ine Caucasian.
Events have proven how well and
carefully The Caucasian had studied
the great and complex problems that
were at work among the four hun
dred millions of Chinese citizens.
The Sugar Investigation Farce.
One of the many Democratic inves
tigating committees has at last fLn
.shed its work and made its report
to Congress. This is the committee
that was appointed to investigate the
sugar trust. The committee has es
tablished but one thing by its inves
tigation, and that is that there is a
sugar trust. This is something that
everybody knew before that commit
tee spent months of time and thou
sands of dollars in making a sham
The Attorney-General of the Unit
ed States had investigated the sugar
company long before the investiga
tion started, and had determined that
it was a trust in violation of the Sher
man anti-trust law and had started
prosecutions under that law to dis
solve the same.
The Democratic committee, in its
report, furnishes no new information
and makes no recommendation to
Congress of any kind. It is a com
monplace report, without any infor
mation and without any value. In
short, it is an ordinary Democratic
I 'residential Politics,
With the placing of Congressman
McKinley, o Illinois, in charge of
the campaign of President Taft for
renomination there has been marked
increased political activity on
pari of the Presidents friends. What!. . .,. T rtl f truce ov three years wuz agreed upoa
v 11 j , mgton when President Lincoln was . , . '
may be called a real fight has been . . 1 1C;- ; and at the end ov the period King
. . j assassinated In April, IS60. bae was ' "
begun In earnest for the renomina- . . . ! Edward anchored before Calais with
. . , , , . . I supposed to be and prooaoiy was , ....
tion of the Fresident and it Is the t. mn,thi7(ir driri(, thjI.100 ships and increased the Lng-
opinion of all observers that already j
x . a. m Mr a. . : m. rr
jbeen materially increased.
- - w-
In the meantime, there has been j
greaier acuvuy on me pars, oi tm;
1 A 9 n '
President Roosevelt. Tbr Governors
of nine States Kansas, Michigan,
tt i.s i
fornla, and Wyoming have held a j
meeting and issued a formal request
to Colonel Roosevelt to permit them
and others to organize and support
his candidacy for the Presidency. It
is understood that Colonel Roosevelt
will within the next week or ten days
publish a formal reply. It is thought
that his answer will be that he Is
not a candidate seeking the place,
but that If a majority of his party
call upon him to lead that he will
In the meantime, the constitution
al convention of the State of Ohio
has invited Colonel Roosevelt to go
to Columbus to-morrow and deliver
an address before the conYention la
support of the initiative and referea
dnm. There is the greatest Interest
is all ftoUUcal eirel n in 1
tdao what the m
ill be roa the Ilepsbtlcaaa of
Ohio and the ret of the eotiBtry.
The jretne ftwt m4 the laitlalltef
As formerly inDoueroJ
Caucasian. km. !mM,M .... ....
beea brought to the Stress Coart
ioToHIsK the ottfUtato&:!ty of tfeUV!a fit Vnnt tit WaSr. Waa la a
Initiative sad referendum Us of the
1 ? ., S .
was argued on elaborately by the
who favored and by thot who op-1
rioted tba Initiative and referedasi. I
The Supreme Court hat just hand-;
ed down a d-tclsioa which hat ta I
k forward to with great interest j
froK1 wo of country to the!
other. The court hold, that ft
not Interfere with the initiative and
referendum when put into practice f
by any State. j
The court dodges the question as?
to whether or not, in Its opinion, the!
State that has the initiative and ref-
erendum ig a Republican form of gov. j
ernment as provided by the constitu-.
. i ... .. .. . i
uon, oui says tnat that question can
' 7 , ' '
that Cones, decide, this question
when It admits representatives and
"'uui a iu Eeais m congress rrora
The fact is that Congress and the
Executive have many times recog-
l 4l uiu oies ere uepuDu-to RO anywhere or have any confer
can in form and therefore this great j isali0B Hith any persons who faced
question affecting popular govern-jlhem lo the windwara. There were
ment is settled in favor of the con-!many other precautionary rules.
leuuoa ui inose wno want me people
to have more power in the control
of legislation and governmental af
fairs. CASE OF SIRS. SURRA TT AGAI.V.
Official Stenographer at the Trial
Says the Woman Should Not Have
A dispatch from Cincinnati, Ohio,
"Almost fifty years after the asas
sinatlon of Abraham Lincoln, the pen
of Ben Pitman, pioneer of stenogra
phy, who acted as official stenogra
pher at the trial of the conspirators.
has revealed facts sunnortinfir hia be-
j Her tnat- Mrs.- Maryr 3trrratt,-tne "wo-
man hanged with three other con
spirators, was innocent of the crime
for which she was executed. The
statement was written by Pitman
just before his death here a year ago,
and appears in the March Issue of a
Cincinnati magazine. A portion of
Pitman's statement Is:
" 'That Mrs. Surratt, who was
hanged with three male conspirators
concerned in a plot to assassinate
President Lincoln and other Govern
ment officials, was entirely innocent
of any prior knowledge of or partici
pation In those crimes Is, to my mind,
beyond question. My conviction is
based on the following facts: That
as official recorder of the trial; as
having heard every word of the testi
mony; as compiler of the published
volume, 'Lincoln Assassination Trial;
more than all, as having previous to
the trial written down from the lips
of the principal witnesses their sto
ries of what they knew or about
which, in their employment of spies,
they learned. I have had the best
opportunity or rormmg a true opm-,
ion as to tne guilt or innocence ot
Mrs. Surratt. "
The Sf.atesville Landmark, com
menting on the case of Mrs. Surratt,
"The Landmark had supposed that
it was a pretty generally accepted
fact of long standing, that Mrs. Sur
ratt was really Innocent but was an
unfortunate victim of the popular
wrath aroused by the assassination
kedjt. K Z iWZrV'
the the benefit of The La nd marks
wMch ad just ended when Lin-!
Lw th,t w hnn wa head-
qQ3rterg for tnose who coaspred tojj
v Print vnA that
"This explanation is made for the i
reason that not lon aS a who
was a pupi, ia a graced school in this
state was told by his teacher to writ
a story. The boy appealed to his
father and the latter, thinking to
give him something out of the com
mon, told him the story of Mrs. Surratt-
The boy wrote the story and
took it to his teacher, but the latter
had never heard of Mrs. Surratt and
she turned the story down."
Two Words Exactly Synonyroocs.
We heard a very able Democrat!
scholar the other day declare that
there were no two words exactly sy
nonymous. We asked him what
about Democratcy and Bankruptcy,
and we came very near having the
fellow to whip. ,
fiFrtl AfiriFflT HltTflW
aea 5opcrstajoa ws
Its Height in France
j is?rtn ifH rt r ,
; 3 UULLU VfAUUHir" miHH i cftaXa
CXUral MlCnaOoa A Kla Wm
WW-rrmh ilaf Hrcrit4 fo Ur fs4 r up st
facta About Joan Arc, iWjit of ihm. td umt? timm
I rrnth fiirt VIm txl an Army ulff e'oloi ffU- fr tU
Victory mmd s4 Vrmmtm Vomjo9T tsi4 ' Vl. tWa. UiU
KngUmlt Kul ,sad Fata f ibej
I Irate Uirt.
llllklusv.lle, N. a, Feb. 20, ISIS.
of Tfc Cucjuiijua-
In the thirteenth and fourteenth
centuries cunrstiltuion or a I kiriiia
i reached It height in France. At
; that time that trrribI(. dU. Up.
; rosy WUI Ver cucimoa atj4 the dr4
or hit caused the ppie to be tn a
j state ov panic nearly awl th time.
(Awi persons nmving tne plague were
j placed in pest-houes an forbidden
some good, tome foolish. Hit it
claimed that the goods an" chatties
ov any leper, even live stock, were ?
free from danger ov beta' stolen fori
"it Kcuciaw; uvueieu iui irn-; i-rrj m lq Atlanta Georgian jf f
hie things would happen to any onmt date will b rad with Interest
who might wrong a leper. The home I by the peopt Q thli tat:
ov awl persons were burned ax soon One of the tranioiltters of the
az tbey were placed in the pest bouse, j Baptist T&bernacU has rrontly pr.
The warlike and enterpritin mon- j formed a nw aervica in North Caro
arch ov England never lost site ov Una. by aiding in the conviction of
uii. mam uujH.t iu me uicu u
to whip France. When the three-
year truce expired he at once set out
to try again. .In the days when there
were no newspaper, no telegraphs,
news got around slowly, so when the
English monarch landed In France at
lhe jnouth ov Jhp Rifer Garronne and
began to burn towns and destroy
other things, he surprised the
French, for they did not expect any
thing ov that sort rite away. The
French military leader soon had an
army on the move, but seemed rather
anxious to avoid a battle, though the
French army on hits own soil wuz
much superior to any force England
coudl invide the country with at that
time. But for some reason the Eng
lish King left France In a short time,
em bark in' hlz troops at Calais. But
France thought he would return, an
he did. In the meantime France had
increased her standing army to 30.
000. Soon thereafter hit wuz known
that the Prince of Wales had
marched with an army or 12,000 1
men from Bordeaux. The Prince
wuz quite young an he soon conclud-j omcr wer n convinced that
ed that In takin the place ov hlz!John guilty and Will and
King he had a big job on hand. Hej!Iack RoRa innocent. The two
found that the French had burned or ,aat named spent most of th!r time
broken down awl bridges behind him, ! Pray,nK kord to cause John to
which prevented a hasty retreat. confefI they could be freed. John
while before him the country seem-!18 reported to have at last given in
ed to be alive with French troops.
. " ..... J . . i
i Known az uun qoks in war. aaui
i tji it . i jt i
'the voune Prince selected a Dositlon 1
ov advantage and awaited the French
attack. The French thought they ; transmitter. Implicated a white man
had a light job on hand and inarched name1 Prank Gladden, who was ar
boldly into what proved to be a ; rested and tried for his life, but ac
death-trap. The French were forced QuRted.
to retreat and the French King, who ! T"0 transmitter has been return
wuz leadin biz troops In person, hav- fo the Baptist Tabernacle, and is
in stood hiz ground too long, wuz1" Its customary place, retdy to con
taken nrisoner br the English. !Tey lhe Gospel to such sick In the ad-
This dreadful defeat which hap- f
Pened in 1356, added to the unrest
tfae FrenCQ ' vernment. Anotherft
I!sh forcea ia France to about 100.-
0( 0 men. The French ruler had de-
c5de to make hiz stand in
cii uz we" Prepared agal
-' sus,' f
iamine and it wuz certain that the j
coa-jngnsn couia not capture au Dy j
lais cuoiinuea lor a jfar an s
rtt j tk i . v.
" u' eed that Frank Gladden, a white man.
on the folio win conditions: The j DQt t , aaJersuod thu ? t
French King wuz to pay three mil- icaKje frorn rtes Jo CIeIea4
Hon pieces ov gold ax a ransom; King caay vho teIi6Te there vere oth.
Edward forever renounced awi I !mpUcated ,Q la nBrd.rbetiats
claims to the French Kingly throne JRoM aQd n u boped M Ma Qax0
hut wuz to get Possession ov several f f artcer coaf!oBS.
French provinces; so while no great . '
gain wuz made by either side, both IlMnAm(l
countries had been pat to an enor-i
mo us expense.
Charles, sumamed ."the Wise."
succeeded hiz father on the French
throne. He conducted things well
an once more France got out ot her
run-down condition. The English
had played the gavel ot war so long
that she wuz not now able to main
tain even a small army an' this gave
France a chance to bre&the more
ffljr si fct
ittuu s i
-His try, Ot lt4ru - a f it
fetll. tie w tlli erto$ tie tH-tf
i - . . . . . .....
f if-4 ia frttfla ik ti
l!ry ms4 far ty i,ft
I SKr. i1m saJer a eaJt of tl
OBm,Tft 3?rws 1 fr.!r of
A TRAUSLllTTEn USED
How the Authorities Gained
Evidence ia Cleveland
Wa laMLaltfti tm tfft
UWrr Arra&giHl ia IUum Arrum
tlm Strrrt Xhm Parti. Uon4
to TIk-It CVtmrrmatitm IUm Mill
IfcHrlarv Citat4r Aita (iulljy .
i ran ted a ItrprWiv
tD following article which
a raurqerer. the implication of his
accessory, and helping to fr two
other negToes who were h4d char
ed with the crime.
Three negroes. Will. John and
Hack Ross, were arretted mad jailed
at Shelby, N.C.t suspected of a jaer
der. The oficers btd so other way
of convicting the murderer, if the
three refused to talk.
The Western Electric Company
borrowed the transmitter of the Dtp
Hat Tabernacle and it was sent to
Gastonla. where it wss installed ta
the cell of the three suspect, being
placed In the ceiling and concealed
among Christmas decorations that
were carefully placed shove the ne
groes. A telephone wire was placed to
connect with the trantmlter and a
receiver hung In the city hall across
the street. For three days and
nights men took turns lUtenlug
through the receiver to the conver
sation of the trio in the Jail cell.
From bits of the conversation the
omessea nit guilt.
Ier. e was tried and sentenced
in up i n nnn ino sit n men .
. . . . . . . .
, . ...... - v
were iven their liberty. The talk
lot tbe nroei, ss given through the
j jacent hospital as desire to hear. A
" "M r iec-
Company oSe a . that every re-
wniv nopea lor naa neen accomplish
ed by the transmitter, and thanking
the church for its use.
John Ikwm Reprieved.
Tho date for Rots electrocution
was art for lat FVfdav h rtt mn nr
before the negro was to be put to
death Covemnr K'ltrhfn nt..4 th
" . 7 "
Before Ross knew that
a v. .
killed Mr. niTrtn anA n!n 4f
kI1! d .f niim, r.r, aia
Clinton News-Dispatch. 1
The Democratic party make' lot .
of fuss because the foreigners have
to pay us jl tariff tax In order to sell
their goods OTsr here in competition
to our home manufactures, bnt they
don't seem to mind piling up the
taxes oa the poor farmers here ia