RALEIGH, IV. C,
"nTiryan "knocked into a cocked
Vat" take the place of the jackass as
"tbe Democratic party emblem?
jfo much did Boss Simmons and
us friend Lorimer make out of their
san:p land deals in Ea8tern North
The Democratic papers have stop
ped printing Woodrow Wilson's pic
ture. They must have found out that
jt was frightening the weak-kneed.
The Durham Herald is one Dem
ocratic paper, that says it always
scratches the ticket. Still that does
ndt F,;ftle the question:
Governor Wilson's secretary is
earned Tumulty. But the tumult will
hardly be attracted by such a name,
any more than they will be by Wood
row Wilson's picture.
Bryan says in his paper that he is
among those who love Champ Clark.
However, it is safe to say that Bry
an's love is a kind that Champ Clark
does not go out to embrace.
An exchange says if any of the po
litical platforms break some one will
receive fearful falls. Not if it should
happen to be the Democratic plat
form, as very few ever stand on it.
If Loriraer lived in North Carolina
he would join Duncan in supporting
Simmons for the Senate. The trusts
that bought Lorimer's election want
men like Simmons in the Senate.
A Democratic exchange says that
the party never believed in free
trade. How about that free lumber
plank in the platform two years ago,
cr didn't the Democrats believe in it
hen they put it in the platform?
A press dispatch from Sea Girt, N.
J., says that Gov. Wilson went to sea
to write his speech of acceptance.
Considering his subject the sea was
a very appropriate place for him to
Governor Wilson claims to be a
Progressive. but his running mate
does not make any such claims. Won't
it be a sight for the little fishes to
watch the Democratic candidate for
President running on a Progressive
platform and candidate for Vice
President on a Reactionary platform?
Neither the Democratic candidate
forPresident nor the candidate for
Vice-President are prohibitionists
How can the North Carolina Demo
crats conscientiously vote for them,
that is if the North Carolina Demo
crats are conscientiously prohibition
ist? How many Republicans has Dun
can promised to make vote in the
Democratic primaries? The Demo
cratic State Executive Committee has
left down the bars so the Democrats
can get in. Duncan and Simmons
both believe in boss rule, and they
are both backed by the special privi
If the country had Democratic
free trade there would be no need
for Democratic Congressmen from
the South, as there would not be
enough money in the treasury to
erect or improve any public buildings
or to pay for the free seeds, and
there would be nothing for the South
era Democrats to do.
Already the Republicans of Kan
sas, Minnesota, Idaho, California.
South Dakota, and Washington have
declared that they recognize Colonel
Roosevelt as the regular and legal
nominee of the Republican party.
North Carolina and every other State
toat is not dominated by bosses and
special interests will take the same
If we are to judge from what the
nlish newspapers and politicians
saying, then England wants
Woodrow Wilson elected President of
e United States. The fact that Eng
wants Wilson elected President
sfcouid cause the American voters to
for certainly our people do not
S?Uthe same man for President
wS8 8ame party P0cles that Eng
T. It. SETS FOKTII REASONS.
Tell Why He is Taking the Lead a,
Forming New Party Har. xiuu
the People Must Take the Control
of the Government From the Boa,
e of Both Old Parties Who Are
Controlled by Special Privilege,
New York. July 23. In his Urn
speech since he returned from Chi
cago, Colonel Roosevelt to-day set
forth his reasons for leading in the
formation of a new party. His ad
dress was delivered at a meeting of
the New York State County Chairman
of the National progressive party.
"A great responsibility rests upon
you men here," said Colonel Roose
velt, "who are undertaking organiza
tion of a new party which is to stand
four square to Democracy, which is
to be literally the party of the peo
ple. It will fight on live issues and
not dead ones. It will embody a pro
test against the corruption in both
the old party machines.
"No good will come if we merely
substitute one set of bosses for an
other. There is nothing that the
bosses of both parties wish so much
as to see every decent man vote alter
nately for each with the vague idea
that he is reducing the other.
"Now, no doubt Mr. Barnes and
Mr. Murphy would like to have every
thing all the time, but they are per
fectly willing each to take half In
stead of the whole. But we do not
care anything about dividing the State
equally between them. What
we intend to do is to take it from
both and we intend to take the na
tion from both. And in this party we
intend to build a government without
and within the party on the lines of
genuine popular rule and of social
and industrial justice for farmer,
wage-worker, business man and pro
fessional man alike to be achieved not
through the boss, not through the in
direct control of the party organiza
tion by special privilege, but to be
achieved through genuine and not
merely nominal rule of the people
The reports of the County Chair
man all were highly optimistic and
the Colonel beamed with pleasure at
various predictions of an overwhelm
ing Roosevell vote.
THIRTEEN DROWNED IX MINE.
The Mine Was Flooded Following
a Cloud Burst Railroads and
Street Railways Washed Away.
A dispatch from Uniontown, Pa.,
dated July 24, says:
"Caught like rats in a trap when
water rushed into the man-way of
Superba No. 2 mines at Evans sta
tion, three miles north of Uniontown
this afternoon, following a cloudburst
thirteen men were drowned and thirty-seven
escaped after a most harrow
ing experience. The men were drown
ed about 4,000 feet from the mouth
of the mines, their only avenue of
The majority of the victims had
large families and about thirty chil
dren are deprived of their bread
winners by one of the worst catas
trophes that has ever visited Fayette
The wives and families of the min
ers and drivers in the mines when
the alarm was raised rushed to the
man-hole and franticaly tried to stop
the water's rush into the mines where
their loved ones .were earning their
daily bread. Failing in that, they
rushed to thy mouth of the mine and
would have continued their mad dash
into the water into the mine had they
not been stopped by cool-header per
sons who guarded that entrance.
The water rose so quickly follow
ing the-cloudburst that it practically
destroyed all railroads and street rail
ways in Fayette County.
BEGGAR WORTH $300,000.
She Goes Insane Counting Up Her
Los Angeles, Cal., July 27. Driv
en insane by constant counting of
pennies and small silver pieces beg
ged from passers-by, Leota Seybold,
an ancient character of the street
corners, was sent to the asylum re
cently. To-day it was discovered she
was worth at least $300,000.
Arrangements are being made to
send her - to the care of two sisters
in Oklahoma, where she owns large
tracts of land.
Mrs. Seybold's property is said to
be situated about Oklahoma City and
A Shame and Disgrace to the State.
The dead pauper law is still on the
statute books of North Carolina, to
the shame and disgrace of the State.
A Democratic Legislature passed it.
Let a Republican Legislature repeal
it. The time to make the change is
at the November election.
One Kettle From North Carolina.
When the Senate fired Lorimer do
you suppose any kettles voted against
SIMMONS FALLS DOWN
Was Out-Generaled by the
Republicans in Bill Reducing
Tariff on Sugar
A PARCELS POST IS SIGHT
Senate Bill Divide United State In
to Eight Districts, or Zones The
Rate Within Each District I the
Same, Which Runs From Five to
Twelve Cents a Pound Democrat
in Congress Surrender Water Pow
ers to the Trusts If Democrat in
the House Are Wise They Will Ad
journ Before Making Further Mis
takes Ducan and the North Caro
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washintgon, D. C, July 30, 1912.
It nows begins to look as if Con
gress will not adjourn until before
the first of September. If the im
peachment of Judge Archibald is J
tried by the Senate, the chances are!
that it will be even later before it will
be possible to adjourn.
Senator Simmons, who is acting as
the agent and spokesman of Senator
Bailey, of Texas, is in charge of the
Democratic campaign tariff bills. The
Democratic House has been preparing
pop-gun tariff bills for campaign pur
poses, and all of them, of course,
have been so prepared as to try to
make it sure that they will not be
come a law.
Such a bill reducing the tariff on
sugar was prepared and passed
through the House. When this bill
reached the Senate a few days ago,
the Republican regulars and progres
sives, instead of voting against the
bill, got together and offered a sub
stitute measure reducing Uie duty on
sugar from $1.90 on the hundred to
$1.60 on the hundred.
When Senator Simmons called up
his sugar tariff bill, he was surprised
to see this substitute offered and pass-,
ed by a large majority. It is said
that the President will sign this bill.
Here is a substantial reduction in
tariff duties on sugar that will mate
rially reduce the price of sugar, and
yet it is such a bill, drawn on such
scientific lines, that it was able to
command the majority of the Senate
which the Democratic bill could not
have done and was not intended to
do. This is exactly what the Repub
licans should do in the Case of every
pop-gun campaign tariff bill which
the Democrats offer.
A Parcels Post in Sight.
The Senate Committee on Post
offices and Post Roads has reported a
bill to establish a system of parcels
post. Under the terms of the bill the
United States is divided into eight
districts or zones and the rate for
parcels is made the same within the
limits of each section or zone. The
rates run from five to twelve cents a
While we think these rates are too
high, yet we are glad to see the sys
tem established," even'in this form.
We are satisfied that Congress will
soon lower the rates, and when they
do it will mean a large Increase of
business and a larger revenue for the
department. But even these rates
are so much lower than the express
rates that they will mean a great re
lief to the people and a larger use of
the parcels post as now provided.
Ours is the only government in the
world that permits the existence of
an express company. In all other
countries small parcels are carried by
the Post-office Department under the
parcels post system, and larger par
cels, those above twelve pounds, are
earried by what is known as fast
freight, which is as efficient and
quicker than our express, and the
rates are one-half and less than one
half of the rates that we now pay
the express companies.
There was never any excuse In the
world for the existence of the express
companies, and it is astonishing that
the American people have submitted
to their outrageous charges and poor
services so long. .
Democrats Surrender Water Powers
. to the Trusts. '
A few days ago a bill was before
the House to surrender an Import
ant water power in Arkansas to the
Dixie Water Power Company. The
Republicans, joined by a few Demo
crats, fought the proposition on the
ground that power sites belong to all
of the people and should not be sur
rendered to the water power trust. It
was pointed out that the passage of
such a hill would be to reverse the
policy of the conservation of natural
resources established by Colonel Roo
sevelt. In spite of the hard fight made by
Republicans, and a few Democrats,
the majority of the Democratic
House, voted to surrender tbi most
valuable water power Into private
If the Democratic House is vIm,
they will Tote to adjourn without fur
ther delay, for If they pass a few
more bills like this they would hate
no chance of carrying the country,
even if the Republican party was di
vided between three candidates in
stead of two.
Duncan and His Part of His Pay.
Three North Carolina appointments
have Just been sent to the Senate.
They are as follows: R. C. Flanagan,
postmaster at Greenville ;J. R. Joyce.
postmaster at Reidsville ;and Es
telle Cameron, postmistress at Rock
ingham. ' A few days ago, the name of D. O.
Newberry was sent to the Senate to
be Collector of Customs at Elizabeth
It is understood that these appoint
ments are not made on the recom
mendation of State Chairman More
head, but that they are made on the
recommendation of a certain private
citizen of North Carolina by the name
of E. C. Duncan.
A few days after the recent Chi
cago Convention, Mr. Duncan stopped
in Washington on his way back home!
from Chicago and visited the White
House. That afternoon Mr. Duncan
had himself interviewed, and in that
interview he described how the Presi
dent received him cordially and
thanked him "for his work" at Chi
cago. Mr. Duncan then proceeded to
say that he would be recognized in
the making of appointments, and
that a large batch would be sent to
the Senate soon.
Attention is called to the fact that
Mr. Duncan is no longer officially con
nected with the Republican party. He
has been twice repudiated by two Re
publican State Conventions, and,
therefore, he has no more right in
representing the Republican party
of the State to make recommenda
tions for appointment than any other
If there is any truth in the inter
view above referred to which Mr.
Duncan gava out, then these appoint
ments are being made to pay Mr.
Duncan for his help in stealing be
tween seventy-two and ninety dele
pates at Chicago.
r- If the facts appear in this light be
fore the Senate committees, it Is safe
to say that there is not a single
member of the Senate who would be
come a party to such a garbain and
sale by voting to confirm these nomi
nations. AFTER ROSS SIMMONS.
Justice Clark's Campaign Manager
Declares That State Chairman
Webb Takes Orders From the Re
actionary. Walter Clark, Jr., manager of the
State campaign of his father. Chief
Justice Walter Clark, for the United
States Senate, has come back at
Chairman Charles A. Webb, of the
State Democratic Executive Commit
tee, in a hot rejoinder as to Mr.
Webb's denial of having voted for
postponement in the State commit
tee while the question of denning
"Democratic ticket" was under dis
cussion. Mr. Clark says:
"I did not state that Charles A.
Webb voted for the motion to post
pone in the State Democratic Execu
tive Committee meeting on July 9. I
stated that Mr. Webb, in the sub
committee at the suggestion, indeed,
! I might say under the direction of A.
D. Watts, personal representative of
Senator Simmons, voted , against de
fining "Democratic ticket." Mr.
Webb hesitated as to his vote "when
Mr. Watts turned to him and told
him how to vote. Mr. Webb then
voted as Mr. Watts said he should.
"Mr. Webb denies what I did not
say, and does not deny what I did
say. If there is any creditable way
for Mr. Webb to explain his actions.
I will be glad to aid him in his effort
to do so.'
Mr. Webb's reply will be looked
forward to with much Interest. The
war between the "Progressives" and
the "Reactionaries" in the Demo
cratic camp is now on in earnest.
Why Democrats Feel Encouraged.
The publicans and sinners are not
going to fall out over Presidential
candidates and thereby injure their
chances in local affairs, in State and
county office. For whatever they
do here, will not effect the National,
but will the State and county elec
tions. Our Democrat friends admit that
their only chance to win and elect a
President Is due to the seemingly bad
split in the Republican party. That
is a sad commentary on the faith and
doctrines of that party. That reminds
us that the only hope the devil has of
seemingly success is In a dividend,
waring church. And we don't blame
the Democrats or the deviL either, for
being encouraged at this stage of the
REAL MQETiF HISTORY
During a Wat With Italy and
Austria France Gained Val
m ncou FC2 Expjinsitno
France Had to Fight Swttxetiaad ami j up Pied moat oa the ta or tWca
Xearl? Krery Other Country mr: GQ Charspioset defeated the
That Side France i:tsblihrxl
Republic in Italy and Il the Pope
Home a a lrioBer Xspoloq
Again Uefor? the Foot light Italy ; Tuscany Into a republic. r lost
. ... . , . vitJm,ien tQ th hegiatlBC v the war
Made a Republic Again Her Will , wJth )UmU AoifU a
More Actual War IIw Napol
eon Carried an. Army Am the
BilkinsviUe. N. C. July 29. 1912.
Correspondence of The Caucasian
Enterprise. In 1796 France was at war with
Italy an' with Austria, beln' victor
ious. When peace wuz concluded
France had Avignon. Italian terri
tory. A few months later she got
Belgium az the price ov peace with
Austria. But, ov course, France
never could manage to hold new ter
ritory. Many years ago France had
a pretty good claim upon practically
awl ov that portion ov the United
States lyin West ov the Mississippi
River an France had headquarters
at New Orleans, havin built that!
city up to what wuz even then con
sidered a prosperous town. But we,
Yankees bought awl ov that territory
in what wuz known az the "Ixmisiana
purchase" for a song, an' most ov the.
. . ..." . . , . . f
Prpnrh ntnvpd with us an hplnd to !
sing the song. That portion ov the
United States, includin' Louisiana,
Arkansas, Missouri, Texas, Arizona.
Colorado, Nebraska, North and South
Dakota, an other now valuable
States, wuz really worth more than
the whole ov France, but the French
didn't think much ov hit at the time.
Perhaps they had the foresight to
know that William J. Bryan would
appear at 3ome future time, an he
did. In this connexion hit iz not out
ov place to say that the seven islands
belongin' to Venice were cedd to
France in 1797. What she did with
them iz another matter. Spain wuz
another country which got valuable
territory in America some two hun
dred years ago, includin Mexico,
what iz now Florida, etc. Your
Uncle Samuel swiped that in a trade,
an' he recently got hold ov the Phil
ipines in the Pacific, Cuba an other
territory In the Atlantic ocean; an If
the Mevicans continue to flte each
other a lltle more, your Undo
Samuel will surprise those fellows
some day by hoistln vhe stars and
stripes at awl the principal towns In
Mexico. That country will make sev
eral large States, good ones, too.
Then there iz still much room for ex
pansion by takln' in South America.
But I will be called an imperialist if
I don't be careful, an will arouse the
enmity ov William J. Bryan, who, ov
course, Iz on the other side, I am glad
to say, an' awlways gets beaten, I am
truly' thankful to say. though I dldla conuin eighty members elect-
vote for him one time, when I wuz
young an tender.
In the period between the peace
ov Campo Formio an the renewal ov
the war. a directorial government
wuz formed in Batavia on January
99 1799- under French Influence
The ancient constitutions ov Switzer
land were exchanged after a bloody
struggle, for the new constitution ov
the Helvetian republic in March,
179S; an' Berthier, on the 10th ov
February, 1798, founded a repub
lic with a consular constitution at
Rome, an led Pope Pius VI a pris
oner to France, where he died the fol
lowinyear. Bonaparte began to get
notice again about this time. He
embarked with an armed expedition
to Egypt on the 22nd ov May, an'
after havin' subdued the m?.nelukes,
he went az for az Syria, but owln' to
the 'distance from hlz base ov sup
plies, he wuz compelled to abandon
the siege ov Acre an to retrace hlz
steps into Egypt. But he didn't get a
long rest. At Aboukir he tackled
the Turkish army, defeatin hit, leav
in Gen. Kleher In charge ov affairs.
Bonaparte returned to France an
found that hiz country had exhaust
ed itself in a war with Austria an'
Russia, the Austrians havin' joined
forces with Russia to. flte France,
do ut less knowin that Bonaparte wuz
in Egypt an Syria with the flower ov
the French army. We can thus see
that things moved very slowly in
those days, there bein no telegraph
lines, no fast mail communication.
To transport an effective army from
any distant country to another wus
practically impossible, unless the in
vading army wuz far superior. Eng
land had learned that lesson only too
well in a determined effort to con
quer the American colonists a sliort
time previous, an after strugglin for
jcsa..t$ ta rears had t glte
j BMP- &T t4 will ftet4.
In ,V fbt. a sew war
t hus: ta KlfeJG o Na$S.
Ferdirxaad i IV. vho had 3aar4
to i:o with a idea ov re-tatsiu-In'
the pop This eas4 Fraac to
iastanilr !ar war acatssi Naples,
awlso '.: &ard$ala. a the pre
text that th rulers o taot teas
tries had ba in rr rorrtpoad.
nc with certain or France.
.nui4i mkk una sm
aame month, aa oa ihm !Lii or Jta.
uary. 17?. proclaimed t& rartheao
plan rrputltc. Tfc qcyvm ta
Italy whr Franc had a!so emte4
!79S. when the Arrhduk Chart de
feated the French under Joardan at
Suabia on the 5 1st or March, aa at
Stobach on the :ih; whilst Kray de
feated Scherer at Iatreno la Italy
on the 2ih ov March, at Veroao oa
the 30th, an' at Marguano oa Apr, I
5th. Moreau succeeded Scherer ta
command ov the French forces; bat
McDonald, who after the arrrtt ov
Cbampionet commanded the French
at Naples, retreated into tppr Italy.
There h fougnt the Russians and
Austrians. who opposed hit march to
Mantua, but wui forced to join Mor
ean with what remained ov his army.
The French again measured strrngth
with the Rurstans an Austrians at
the battle ov Nov! on the l&th ov Au
gust, bein defeated. Both armies
j weer badly shattered, however, an'
each retreated to a strong position
for a rest. Here the Russians an
i Austrians decided to separate. Russia
sendln her full force Into Swttzer
i land for war purposs. for hit xfmi
i that U'nr art' iKn artnlla i v war r
rather attractive on those days, pro
vided they could get the spoils. Gen.
Korsakow wuz awlready In Switzr-
land with a strong Russian forc.
Gen. Masena defeated the Russians
an' Austrians both, for the Swiss
were great titers at home. This hap
pened at Zurich on the 25th an' 26th
ov September, an by this victory
Masena held hlz position upon the
boundaries ov Germany an Switzer
land, an prevented the Archduke
Charles from crossln' the Rhine. On
the 9th ov September an the th or
October Brune defeated the Russian
and English trops who bad landed in
the Netherlands. Meanwhile the
French directory and legislative bod
ies at Paris could not agree, upon any
policy an' things were goin from bad
Bonaparte had now returned to
Paris. Actln with Director Sleyes.
Bonaparte occupied the legislative
hall with trops on November 9th.
which wuz the ISth ov "BrumaircV
accordin' to the French aimanac
Sieyes and Roger Ducos were named
az consuls till the new constitution
could be forced upon France, which
wuz on the 13th or December. Gen.
Bonaparte wuz now made first consul,
the first political offis he had held.
Cambaceres and Lebrum were made
second and third consuls. So France
wuz to try another experiment in try
in' to become a real republic, that or
rale by a committee ov three, assist
ed by two legislative bodies, the Sen-
fed for life, an' the lower House wuz
to contain three hundred members.
Ilp(-ppn tht two lppiclatlve bodies
they had a trlbunal or 0De hundre4
j membcrit whIcb mu8t bev prorcn m
j veritable -fifth-wheel." Hit iz nrob-
i . . ... .t ,.nnMiM
! auiQ iui fiaik tt.t not i jjuuiiv
now in existence bev made the mis
take ov bein' top-heavy with legisla
tive material. If the United Slates
had but one Senator from each State,
about fifty, an only, half az many
Congressmen, hit Iz possible that they
would not waste so much valuabte
time In "hot air" tournaments. One
man rule, an' one-woman rule were
unsatisfactory. But in a case like
this hit would be a great economy in
time an advantageous in many ways
to her fewer legislators. On hun
dred an fifty men, fifty Senators an'
one hundred la the lower House
could, and probably would, accom
plish more in the way or real legisla
tion than two or thre times az many.
I doubt If even the United States to
day contains az many as fire hundred
men capable or holdln down a Con
gressional job in a tip-top style,
though we her probably fifteen mil
lions or men who Imagine themselves
capable. Bat the advantage or a re
public, such az hit wuz, did not fail
to appear quickly in France''. Many
thousands or emigrants who had
lately left the" country to try their
fortunes elsewhere at once returned
to France, strong proof ov the bene
fits of a Republican form or govern
ment, even if hit iz not the best pos
sible. The French had won much terri
tory by conquest In Italy. Bat at the
close or the seventeenth century but
little remained, except Genoa, an
the Austrians were preparin to swipe
that. Massena wuz in command at
(Ccntlausd oa pas 5.)