VOL. XXX. RALEIGH, IM. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 22, 1012. No. 32
Democratic House Failed to
properly Investigate the
WILSON SIDE-STEPS ISSUE
HtuitCriltH Block Movement to
trenthen the Anti-Trust Law
Would Grant Special Favors to the
WtriowerH Trust, After Having
Mad it An Issue Against the Re
publicans Democratic Sins of
Omission and Commission Ad
journ ment in in Sight Unless Con-r(-ss
and the President Deadlock
Ovr Some Veto Hills.
Washington, D. C, Aug. 20, 1912.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Ir now begins to look as if the end
of Congress is in sight. However,
th. n- is still a chance that the Pres
!,;. i,r and Congress may yet deadlock
(,v r 'veral veto hills which may
Mint in ue Congress for a couple of
x, -ks or more. As the session nears
its t ml, what has been done and
v h.it has not been done, is beginning
t,i bf discussed by the politicians on
both sides, just as this record will
discussed from now until election
fi iv by the people from one end of i
th- country to the other.
Sins of Omission and Commission.
This is one of the seven longest
Congresses that has ever sat since
th foundation of our government,
aiitl yet it must be admitted that it
is one that has to its credit fewer
acts of performance that will meet
the approval of the people.
One of the things that has arous
ed the average patriotic American
citizen, who has red corpuscles in his
veins, more than anything else, is the
voting of seventy-five millions of dol
lars by a Democratic House for pen
sions for Union soldiers, men who
u re never in battle and who never
Sred a gun, and at the same time re
:ising to vote money for two new
battleships, when everybody knows
that the great Monroe doctrine which
in the future means the same thing
to our people as the Declaration of
Independence in 1776 meant at that
time, is not worth the paper that it
is written on without a strong and
Besides, the people of this country
have voted cheerfully for an expendi
ture of nearly three hundred million
dollars to build the Panama Canal,
but this canal, instead of being an
agency to liberate and increase our
commerce and to add to our naval
prowess, will become not only a use
less ditch, but a source of danger
without a great American navy.
Fraud Investigation of the Money
Again, the public will remember
that the Democratic party, when it
secured control of the House of Rep
resentatives, was loud in declaring
that they would at once proceed to
investigate, not only the Republican
management of the government, but
also the great trusts, and especially
the money trust, and give the people
a flood of light, not only as to the
management of their government,
but also as to the growing power of
Wall Street to dominate our finan
cial interests and to hold the control
of the money of the country within
The Democratic House has ap
pointed many investigating commit
tees to investigate the departments
of the government, but so far not
one of them have shown any corrup
tion or bad management thai would
furnish campaign material.
When the committee was appoint
ed to investigate the money trust,
those who were In favor of an hon
est investigation made a fight for a
special committee. They were, how
ever, defeated by their own Demo
cratic House. The regular banking
and currency committee was appoint
ed to make the investigation, and it
as charged at the time that any in
vestigation attempted under that
committee would be a fraud and a
Every member of Congress from
'orth Carolina voted in favor of this
fraud investigation. They all joined
a few days later in declaring that
their vote was in favor of an honest
investigation, and that they were sat
isfied that it would be had before
they voted as they did. Nothing,
however, has come of the proposed
investigation, and now it is announc
ed that the investigation will go over
nntil after the electicm, because the
Democratic leaders are afraid of of
fending Wall Street.
In this connection, it should be re
his speech of acceptance, did not'de-
-iire in favor of such an honest in
vestigation of the money trust, hut
side-stepped this important question.
The Waterpower Steal.
It will also be remembered that!
the Democratic House, early in its!
history, declared that they intended!
to prevent the Republican party from
giving away to the trusts the water
powers of the country, and that they
intended to investigate the grants
that had already been made of wa
terpowers to corporations. No such
investigation was made, but to the
astonishment of the country, a few
weeks ago, an omnibus bill to give
away important waterpowers in this
country was prepared and passed in
the Democratic House, the same bill
has been vetoed by the Republican
President, and now the Democratic
House is trying to pass the same bill
over the President's veto.
Democrats Block Strengthening the
Senator Cummins, a Progressive
Republican, offered a bill directing
the Attorney-General of the United
States to re-open the American To
bacco Trust and Standard Oil Trust
cases and appeal to the Supreme
Court from the settlement made by
the courts below.
It will be remembered that the
Democrats denounced the Republican
party by the way those two trust
cases were settled.
Senator Cummins gave the Demo
crats a chance to vote with him and
the Progressive Republicans to force
the President and the Attorney-General
to appeal those cases for a fair
er and juster settlement. The Dem
ocrats in Congress have just helped
to kill that bill.
These are a few of the many glar
ing sins of omission and commission
by this Democratic House and their
Democratic colleagues in the Senate.
The story is a long one and The Cau
casian from time to time will com
plete the story.
JUDGE WARD'S SPEECH.
He Shows Why Neither Kitchin Nor
Simmons Should be Elected The
Claims of Justice Clark.
Asheville Gazette News.
Solicitor H. S. Ward, of the First
Judicial District, spoke here Satur
day night at the county court house
on behalf of the candidacy of Chief
Justice Walter Clark for the United
States Senate. The speaker was in
troduced by Judge Thomas A. Jones,
and there were about 200 people
present to hear the speech.
Mr. Ward first sought to show why
Senator F. M. Simmons should not be,
re-elected; then why the support of
the people should not be given to
Governor W. W. Kitchin as his suc
cessor. Senator Simmons, he said,
has been allied with the moneyed in
terest ever since he has been in the
Senate and has voted against the
people of the State on all occasions
when the people were on one side
and the interests on the other.
He declared that the support of the
Democrats should not be given to
Governor Kitchin because he has not
carried out his campaign pledges to
pull the teeth of the trusts in this
State and put the promoters of them
in jail. He said that the excuse
given by him that nothing could be
done because of the lack of a veto
powrer is no excuse at all, and he cited
the work that has been done, by
Woodrow Wilson along this line as
Governor of New Jersey, who like
wise has no such power.
A common charge against both
men was that they are reactionaries
and not progressives, whereas the na
tional platform of the Democratic
party is progressive, Wilson is pro
gressive and both the platform and
the candidate for President are in
dorsed by Mr. Bryan.
The speaker contended that the
support of all good Democrats
should be accorded Judge Clark be
cause he is a true progressive and
was advocating such policies before
the people of the State ever heard
of Mr. Bryan or Governor Wilson.
The record of the Chief Justice was
also reviewed and it was pointed out
that he has done great things for
the State and his party for which
he should be rewarded.
The speech was enthusiastically
received by those present and the
speaker was applauded frequently
during his discourse.
The "Touching" of "Daddy."
"Oh, you daddy; you dear old
thing. I've watched the convention
every day for you." (Smack, smack,
hug, hug, business deep emotion.)
A sweet slip of a girl with china blue
eyes and baby face, held Samuel
Baum, a convention visitor from Wa
terloo, Ia.f in most embarrassing em
brace. "Young lady, you have made a mis
take," said Baum, prying himself
"Oh, I am so sorry ,you are the
image of my dear, dear daddy," said
the impulsive young thing as she has
tened away to hide her confusion.
Ten minutes later Baum discovered
that his wallet containing $100 had
also departed. Chicago Telegram.
MINISTER IN THE NET
Among the Self - Gonfessed
Vote Sellers of Lee
FIFTY ENTER PLEA OF GUILTY
Violated Pure Election Law of Vir
ginia by Selling Their Votes
Thirty-two Are Fined and Sent to
Jail Case of Thirty-two Are Con
tinued Until September Term Of
Those Who Have Plead Guilty
Thirty-six Are Democrats and
Fourteen Republican1 Ministers
Case Created Sensation.
Bristol, Va.-Tenn., Aug. 20 The
Rev. Lewis Gibson, a Methodist min
ister of Lee County, was a member
of a group of fifty Lee County vote
sellers who went into Judge H. A.
W. Skeen's court at Jonesville
aay ana pieaa guilty to the charges
of violating the pure election law by j
celling their vote.
Thirty-two of those who plead !
guilty to the charge of violating the 1
pure election laws were given thirty
days each in jail and at once began
serving their sentences, while the re
maining eighteen paid fines of $100
each and costs. All are forever dis
barred. Judge Skeen made slow
progress today with the trial of the
indicted men who have refused to
plead guilty. Nine cases were tried.
Many Sent to Jail.
Frank and Andy Davis were con
victed and the former given a sen
tence of four months in jail and the
latter one month. Scott McCracken
was convicted and given four months.
Auburn Seaton was found not guilty.
There was a hung jury as to Will
Seymourf Two prisoners named
Hobbs and Powell were acquitted.
Judge E. W. Pennington and Com
monwealth's Attorney Skeggs today
nolle prossed forty-five cases on the
docket, leaving fifty-six yet to be
tried. Of those who have plead
guilty thirty-six are Democrats and
fourteen Republicans. There is con-;
siderable bitterness over the pros
cution and because of the exposure
of many prominent men, but no fur
ther bloodshed is expected. Every
precaution has been taken to avoid
trouble. Judge Skeen will continue
the trials tomorrow and will adjourn
after the trial of ten more, the re
mainder having been continued on
Army Appropriation Bill Passed.
The Senate Wednesday passed the
army appropriation bill carrying
$94,000,000, a bill replacing that ori
ginally passed which was vetoed by
President Taft. The new bill does
not carry the provision of the origi
nal which would have legislated out
of official life Gen. Leonard Wood,
chief-of-staff of the army.
The action of the conferees was
the culmination of a dispute which
has help up the payment of over
$9,000,000 of pension payments, due
Civil veterans on August 4, and has
thrown the financial operations of
the pension bureau into chaos. The
House will probably accept the Sen
ate provision regarding the abolition
of the pension agencies throughout
Under the Senate provision the
payment of all pensions would be
made directly from the pension bu
reau at Washington, effecting a sav
ing of $250,000.
Wanted More Whiskey of the Same
Kind. - ,
Greensboro News. ,
We the other day heard a church
officer of solidity and standing, re
peat with conviction that obsolescent
explanation of the activities of
Roosevelt that they were the prod
uct of spirits vinous or frumentum.
He has not drawn a sober breath
since he came back from Africa, said
this man. Another said he under
stood it was merely the effervescence
of champagne. One thinks of the
saying attributed to Lincoln when It
was told him that Grant, then in the
flush and labors of victory, was
drinking a shocking amount of whis
key "I wish I could get some of
the same sort for some of the other
generals." It is pretty safe to say
that no one passing along this old
story about Roosevelt, except through
malice, has read any of the Colonel's
recent contributions of the political
history of our times.
Four years ago Mr. Kitchin told
the people there was "death in the
pot" if the swallowed Locke; Craig.
Now he is advising the folks to vote
for Craig. The reason for the
change is that Craig is not now ask-1
ing for the place that Kitchin wants.
That's the whole dope. Greensboro
Daily News, '
IU)OSEVKlr at nKTm-. iav'
TA IT IS "IE.U lSStl."
He Makes a Sharp Reply Co Got ernor
Wilson's Speech of Aeceptaacew
Colonel Roosevelt vu given a
great reception at Boston, where he
went after hU great reception la
Rhode Island- He spoke to over
25.000 people on the Boston Com
moner. Sharp Reply to Governor W
Referring to Governor Wilson's
straddling speech of acceptance, be
"In his speech of acceptance, as
reported in the New York Times, Mr.
Wilson is quoted as saying of the
Progressive platform that 'it would
require a Sabbath day's Journey to
drive through it,' and that for that j
reason he had not yet been able to!
nna out wnat it was all about. If i
Mr. Wilson has not been able to find ;
out what our platform means, it is!
l tit, . t.
because he has not taken the trouble
to try. You may remember that Mr.
Wilson stated two days after his owB
nomination that he had not yet look-
to-jed a the platform upon which he
w nominated. i at) not wonder
that 'hen he did at last look at that
platform he became so thorough dis-
contented with it that he now feels a
distate for all platforms.
"Mr. Wilson speaks as if the Pro
gressive platform were very long. As
a matter of fact, it is of almost the
exact length of his own platform.
The difference is that our platform
states explicitly and definitely what
we intend to do on the vital ques
tions of the day, and that it is en
tirely sincere and entirely practical;
whereas Mr. Wilson's platform
avoids the most important issues be
fore our people, and as regards the
other issues makes such impossible
and conflicting promises as to render
it out of the question to believe that
there was a sincere purpose to have
these promises taken seriously.
"In his speech of acceptance Mr.
Wilson asks himself: 'What is the
meaning of the Baltimore platform?
His answer to his own question is so
very vague that it was obviously un
satisfactory even to himself, and he
continues by stating that he does 'not
ask the people of the United States
to adopt that platform,' and that 'the
platform is not a program
His Platform a Program.
"We Progressives are much more
fortunate in our program. We do
not have to apologize for it nor to
speak of it in language so carefully
guarded as to convey the impression
that we are endeavoring neither to
repudiate it nor to support it. We
stand on our platform. ' We do ask
that our platform be adopted by the
nation. Our platform is our pro
gram. We treat it as such, and what
is more, we treat it as a contract
wihch we shall scrupulously fulfill if
the people give us the power."
When asked if Wilson would not
whip the bosses in the Democratic
party, he said:
"If you think you can get anything
out of the old machine-ridden party,
I admire your optimism, but I pity
your judgment" ,
"Tell us about Taft,?' shouted a
man in the crowd. '
"I never discuss dead Issues,"
Colonel Roosevelt shouted hack.
Denounces Nomination Theft.
"The first "essential in securing the
right of the people to rule is to secur
the unsparing condemnation of dis
honesty in nominations and elections.
To steal a nomination or to steal an
election is even worse than to steal a
purse, for it is a theft of the people's
rights, It is a theft from the people
as a whole.
"But, friends, remember that our
real concern was not in smashing one
bad man who by improper methods
had secured his own election to the
Senate, but in smashing the kind of
politics which he symbolized. It is a
bad thing to win a Senatorship by
such methods as Mr. Lorimer employ
ed, but it is not one whit worse than
to steal a nomination for the Presi
dency by such methods as were em
ployed by the bosses who controlled
the Republican Convention at Chi
cago last June. Certain of your New
England Senators, I regret to say,
took the lead, both in conducting the
campaign for the defense of Mr. Lori
mer and in pnting through the steal
of the Republican nomination at Chi
Grandstand Collapses, Injury 3Iany.
Five persons were 'seriously injur
ed and about forty more injured
slightly in Indianapolis, Inch, during
Governor Marshall's speech at his
formal notification Tuesday. The
grandstand had been set up on the
asphalt directly back of the speaker's
platform and became overburdened
and collapsed. Men and women in
the seats were piled together among
the timbers. Ko one was killed,
France and Russia Had More !
ro Less War for Years
nUSSU ALSO WAM1KE
England SUU Unfriendly, Tuo IVti
ia Got Gay aad DeRvevd aa 11.
lixnatura aad Frmac Whipped ltrr
la Ten Day . When War Wa m'
. . .
Trade Jul Uke IVUUc. U Xm
Modern Weapon Trad to l
The GrraU lLutle of FHdlaail
Ileal Scouting Somewhat New.
Bilkinsville, N. C. Aug. 13, 1913.
Correspondence of The CaucaalAn
ln .f . ,
ic iOo. after a series ov tuiua-
jucmiftuvim, nunu uecame more
TZZZr . .
t4lH ' . . ... 7
did not seem to be settled, even after j
the treaty between the two countries
wuz signed on the Zdih ov July, isu6,
the two countries went to war again.
The Russian Emperor, Alexander,
finally refused to ratify the treaty
after the formation ov the RhemUh
confederation. The same thing caus
ed England to break off peace nego-
tiations with France. About this
. T . .
iiwe Prussia assemuieu an
which entered Thuringia, an after
some more negotiations, 22,uu0 Sax
ons joined the Prussian army. Prus
sia wuz now feelln' purty gude an on
the first ov October she delivered an
ultimatum to France. This docu
ment demanded that France at once
withdraw her troops from Germany.
To make things look real dangerous,
the ultimatum announced that Prus
sia had formed a league with awl ov
the countries not originally Includ
ed in the Rhemish confederation,
which would render Prussia some
thin ov a foe. But this didn't scare
France. Az quickly az possible the
French began to sail Into the nearest
division ov the Prussian troops. The
ultimatum wuz delivered on the first
ov October. On the 8th ov October
the French defeated the Prussians at
Schleiz. On the 10th another divis-
ion ov Prussians were - defeated-atlilirdrf!ir oinnerov the Philippines
Saalfeld. On the Uth the battle at an they did no scoutln'. no careful
Jeua an' Auerstadt decided the fate
ov awl the countries between the
Rhine an' the Elba. Napoleon Bon
aparte then declared Saxony a neu
tral province, an marched the
French army to Berlin, the German
capita, while the grand duke of Berg
an General Soult with a part ov the
French troops pursued the fleein
Prussians an Saxons through Surin
gia. On the 17th another division
ov the Prussians were defeated an'
Marshal Ney's division ov the French
laid siege to Magdeberg. Napoleon
entered Berlin on October 27th. On
the 2Sth a large force ov Prussians
surrendered at Prenzlow. Blucher
still made a show ov resistance, but
on the 7th ov November he, too, sur
rendered. Thus in exactly five weeks
after the ultamatum wuz delivered to
France, Napoleon wuz a victor over
Prussia an' the Saxons who had join
ed them for the war. Napoleon had
fought England to a standstill, con
quered the Swiss, Prussia an' the
Saxons, an had the whole ov Ger
many down to their knees. An he
wuz yet young, had hardly got hlx
seat on the French throne warm.
But a second war soon started.
Like most ov the wars in the past,
especially European wars, nobody
seemed to know why or how hit
started, an' nobody could guess when
nor where hit would end; In fact, at
that period wars continued such a
great length ov time that people he-
came accustomed to them an rather j
enjoyed klllin an' gittin' killed, i
Same way thousands or years ago!
when the Jews and Hittites an Am-;
monittes used to get up little fra
casses which would last thirty or
forty years, perhaps, an In the end
they wouldn't be ennuff or either
side left alive to make a decent sur
render. Along this line, allow me to
say that modern weapons, rapid-fire
guns, large an small, repeatin' rifles
an' slch things, are doin' much to
bring about peace. Az lonz az the
ancients used bows and arrows, sling
shots an' oUier weapons or that na
ture, war wuz an every day business.
One modern rapid-fire gun capable
ov shootin' a thousand shots a min
ute, will do more to discourage war
than anythin under the sun. There
iz no glory in gittin killed by a
rapid fire gun. There wuz none un
der the old style. But a fellow mite
pull through gittin' hit fatally by a
rock thrown by an antagonist, an If
the war happened to end in less than
seventy-five years the survivors
would probably reach home in time
to run for some oflis. Yes, the pros
pect or a funeral iz mity dlscouragin
to the average soldier nowadays.
On the 24th ov December, 1806,
another war between France an Rus
sia started. I can't pronounce the
tattle toii. fc4t fcr hit it:
"Oyarttawo. IUm!j, ov c&ttn, Tfe
Rlt isrua. t rrr
I a&4 Rut!ass fc4 feta CcaUa ?4
j tlr for Rtfa 4ay t&ea s4 tsey ca-
cis4i to it 4on to real fcuiae
an' ht a big battl. Napoleon ta
te&45 fo throw a strofeg fare
axai&st the Russian &tr. bst tals
calculsled. aa got the troes wedg
ed la bet wees to street Rotsiaa
lines Of court they ha4 a fear 4
time. Both armlet er large aa
many era mere slaughtered a UilK
sides, Thl battl
ci a ara. Tc
led aa for ot rral
month thr ui but lml
nHthrr side bJn !U;h4 to trt
On the Uth ov June, io7, tfce
French an ltu4& foasht a decis
ive battle at Fiie4ian4, This nut
thm anniversary the victory at Na
rago an Napoleon. !U taaay oth
ers, fMrrmcd to bet! In ht some
people call "luck." For i&tiance.
I fought a succesful b.nle on
-jence ne could so Into a haul with
much more confldrncr In formln
hix troops for th- ta!:U t
land. Napoleon took advantage or a
great tract or heavy timber land
which concealed the location ov hit
troops. He allowed BenninRsrn. the
Russian commander, to approach the
town vry closely, and hit seems that
.iZ " ' mu.Z A"
tMI ... i aiuri pn in mar, America
and Ftirnrwt hirln1 cnttn t
from the American Indians, probab
ly. At any rate, up to about one hun
dred years aro. datin from the earl
iest wars recorded in sacred history,
there wuz but little acoutln' done la
war, which accounts in part for the
vast destruction or life, even with
ancient weapons in the earlier his
tory ov tho world. Kren at this late
date not much attention Iz girla
scoutln in Europe. Lack ov scouts
or scout ships caused the Spanish to
permit Admiral Dewey to enter tho
harbor at Manila. Philippine Islands,
less than fourteen years ago. Awl
the world, includln Spain, knew
that the American fleet, the dMsloa
commanded by Dewey, wuz goln
for business, for weeks had been de
voted in preparation, the papers or
the world were full ov hit. But the
Spanish didn't think the fleet wuz la
watchin'. Suddenly, on a dark and
stormy nite, the twenty-odd war
ships Dewey commanded, sailed Into
Manila bay and before the Spanish
could say "Jack Robinson," the fleet
had gotten by the fort at the mouth
ov the harbor, had passed over the
powerful mines in the harbor which
mite hev destroyed them. To add
to the humor ov such a serious mat
ter, the Spanish dlrlsion In charge
ov the mines connected the electric
batteries intended to explode the
mines after Dewey's American fleet
had passed into the harbor and wuz
gettln into position to pour death an'
destruction into the Spanish fleeCaa'
they did destroy hit completely with
out teh loss ov the life or a single
American, an' only a few were
wounded. Only a few weeks laUr
Lieutenant Hobson, or Admiral
Schley's American fleet, then anchor
ed at Havana, Cuba, steamed an old
but large warship into the narrow
part of Havana harbor, made hole
In the bottom or the ship an sunk
hit, hopla' to "botle" the Spanish
fleet then In that harbor, at any rate,
to make hit difficult to retreat quick
ly. Lieutenant Hobson and hlz thret
brave assUtants sung the ship before
the Spanish could Interfere an then
audaciously swam to the Cuban
shore an surrendered' to the Span
iards, that beJn the course they In
tended to pursue, for they did not
nope to escape an' make their way
back to the American fleet, for doz-
ens ov rapid-fire guns would har
made death certain. Or course the
American officer and htz companions
were kindly treated, for In war no
civilized government will treat an
enemy captured durin war other
wise. They can't afford to. Much al
lowance can be made for the Spanish'
at Manila, for America, had not yet
declared war. But the war had been
In actual progress many weeks when
the last mentioned incident took
place at Havana, an the record or
awl most criminal carelessness wax
made. Or course orerconfldence wax
the cause or Spanish neglect; they
thought hit practically Impossible for
an enemy to place an obstruction
rite under the muzzles or the great
guns they had in the fort there, an
hit would her been If they , had
watcnea wings carefully. For the
benefit or the very yonng reader I
will say that the sunken ship failed
to completely obstruct the narrow
channel or the harbor an the Span
ish fleet did slip out some Uruejater.
hopin to escape an' return to Spain,
for Dewey had returned from the
Philippines an his fleet had been
added to that or Sampson and Schley
at Havana. Aa the two fleets were
sure to overcome the Spanish, Co
(Continued on page 7.1