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0 / 75
VV yf K )J V
RALEIGH, IV. C, THURSDAY, OCTOBER lO, 1012.
. jrkrnan In Rowan County says
himself while dreaming. It
,... that he was seeing snakes.
is forbidden on the French
,, and don't you know the
verv slim on the railroads in
i;,.:(,r this Senatorial campaign
f),. r it may be proven that Lori
, was the peer of at least one man
If the o'licers of the Anti-Saloon
I.. ;sl' ran Hupport Wilson and Mar
v: ill. tiien prohibition is not their
i;,rs the Charlotte Observer ad
iis that Wilson and the chief of
Tammany Hall look through the
kind of eyo-filasses.
Thomas A. IMison, the great in-,t-ur,
is supporting Colonel Roose
v,!r, vhi!i shows that Edison is
ht(pin up with the procession.
Any man who will brag over the
fait that he helped to organize the
lawless "red-shirts" is not fit to help
make the laws of this country.
Von remember what the Wilson ta-j
rift bill did for the country. And
there might be something in a name,
especially when it is one of the same.
That investigating committee may
have thought they had cornered Col.
Roosevelt, but they know now they
hadn't. And they should have
known this in the beginning.
One newspaper man has bobbed up
and wants to know who was Colum
bus. Just as though the State didn't
already have its hands full trying to
decide who is a Democrat.
Governor Wilson said he wanted a
Progressive named as the Democratic
candidate in New York. Still when
Sulzer, a Tammanyite was named,
Mr. Wilson said he was delighted!
The Charlotte Observer has found
out in some way that a few stand
pat Republicans will vote for Wilson.
Which, if true, goes to show that they
do not consider Wilson a Progressive.
The Senate investigating commit
tee found out that Colonel Roosevelt
promised no favors to contributors
to his campaign. This fact was evi
dently a disappointment to the com
mittee. Woodrow Wilson says the Demo
cratic party is now out of bondage,
and if the majority of the voters are
on to their job they won't let the
Democratic party put them in bond
age for the next four years.
As another evidence of Democratic
"harmony," Judge Parker referred to
Wiliam J. Bryan in scathing terms
at the New York Democratic State
Convention a few days ago. He was
getting even with Bryan for fighting
Mm at Baltimore.
One Democratic writer says that
Simmons' and Kitchia's charges
against each other are all true, that
it is simply "a case of the pot calling
the kettle black," which means that
the Democratic candidates are having
a very smutty campaign.
It doesn't seem that it shcTuld be
necessary for the Democratic poli
ticians to buy advertising space to
prove that each other have not been
true to their trust. If the voters
have been reading they already are
aware of that fact.
The Democratic papers are asking
the farmers to take a dollar out of
their pockets and turn it over to help ;
elect Wilson. The farmers should
remember that all the dollars will get
ut of their pockets quick enough
should Wilson he elected.
Simmons and Kitchin are now
hoth claiming the "honor" for organ
izing the "red-shirts" in North Caro
lina, if they are law-abiding citizens
would be more to their credit if
they could only prove they had no
Part in that wave of lawlessness for
the red-shirts were responsible.
NO TAFT MKX OX TICKET.
California Supreme Court Decides!
That Taft Electors Cannot Ik?
Placed on Ticket in That fetale !
They Were Beaton by Decisive Vote
San Francisco, Cal., Oct. 5 Neith
er by nomination as Republicans nor
by petition as Independents can elec
tors pledge to President Taft go on!
the .November ballot in California.
The first possibility was closed by
the decision of the California Su
preme Court; the second bad delib
erately been neglected.
In consequence, it will be impos
sible to vote for Taft in California
except by writing upon the ballot the
names of electors pledged to him and
selected by the minority convention
which bolted at Sacramento.
The Issue was Dresented in the.
form of an application by attorneys j
for the Taft Republican organlza-j
tion, seeking to have made perma-'
nent an alternative writ obtained j
some days ago, directing Frank C.
Jordan, Secretary of State, to desig
nate on the ballots as Republicans
the Presidential electors named by
the Taft adherents.
Attorney-General Webb, for the
Secretary of State, filed a general de
nial of the allegations and a demur-
rer to the petition He argued that!
the Republican party of California I
was not affiliated with the National
party, and was in no wise bound by !
the decision of the Chicago conven-!
tion; that the petition of the Taft
men was supported by insufficient evi
dence, and that the court lacked ju
risdiction. Chief Justice Beatty declared that
it seems to him that the only ques
tion the court could pass upon was
the constitutionality of the law,
which was not involved, counsel
KXPHKSS COMPANIES ALARMED.
Fear the Investigation by the Com
mission Hates Must be Reduced
Well's Fargo Company Has De
clared Dividends as High as 300
Washington, D. C, Oct. 9. WThen
the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion begins its adjourned hearing on
express rates to-day the express com
panies will enter on a fight for life.
The companies foresee their possible
extinction in the attitude of the Com
mission toward them.
The Commission's order, issued
early in the summer, directs the ex
press companies to show cause why
their rates should not be reduced to
the figures carried in the order,
which are, on the smaller packages,
between thirty and forty per cent
lower than those now in existence.
The hearings will be had on October
9, 10, 11, and 12.
Franklin K. Lane, the Commission
er who has been handling the ex
press cases, is even less impressed
with the arguments made by the com
panies than any of his colleagues.
A few years ago the Well's Fargo
Compnay declared a 300 per cent
stock dividend. The Commission's
investigations and testimony of rep
utable witnesses show that there is
little money invested in the business,
all these great profits having been ex
torted from the public without any
risk or outlay, to speak of by the
The express companies have an
other obstacle to overcome. That is
the parcels post law, which becomes
effective January 1. That statute
puts into effect on packages weighing
less than eleven pounds rates that are
low in comparison with those charg
ed for merchants in cities to send one
pound parcels within the free deliv
ery limits for five cents. Such a
package will be carried for fifty miles
for that sum.
Big shippers have had express
rates practically as low as that for
many years. They are known as
"under-the-counter" rates and the
big shippers are the only ones that
have known about them. The aver
age agent has not known of their ex
istence. WILIi BREAK "SOLID SOUTH."
Roosevelt Will Get Three Districts in
Louisiana if No More.
Baton Rouge, La., Oct. 8. The
"Solid South" may be broken this
year and WToodrow Wilson may lose
three of Louisiana's electoral votes
as a result of a misunderstanding due
to the recent re-districting of the
State, according to political leaders
at the capital.
The Federal statutes require resi
dence in the district sought to be rep
resented by each candidate for elec
tor, except in. the case of the two
electors at large. It is pointed out
that the list filed by the Democrats
shows that three Congressional Dis
tricts are not represented by candi
dates resident therein.
Time for filing nominations ex
pired Monday and leaders of the Pro
gressive party asserted to-day they
would oppose any effort of the Demo
crats to correct their error.
GoL Roosevelt Acquits Him -
self, Gampaign Managers
and His Administration
WAS OH STAND THREE HOURS
Before Senate InvwtlgaUng to AxJ
swer Infamous Charges That Had!
Keen Made on Hearsay Evidence j
Knew Nothing of Morgan's Contri-
bution Cortelyou and Loeb Hack
Up the Colonel'? Testimony Read
Letters to Committee Showing He
Had Told His Campaign Manager
They Must Not Accept .Money From' aca equivocal. I wish to say that
' neither you nor any one pretending! Correspondence of The Caucalan
Trusts That Were Being ProM-cbt-j lo & 4jOT you. at the time I made the Enterprise.
el Says Penrose Should HeltrI vr &ave me authority to do! IMlkinviile N C Sept 30
Thrown Out of Senate. lierettTl ' WhU 0W ov
o,.. aterest. and I want to say final-; great nation, ov Europe, like other
Washington, D. C, Oct. 4. Theo-jly th& 1 dldn 1 make an? 8uch offcrs hits real greatness began at a much
dore Kooseveit, for seven years Presl-ito aty one-" later period than her ancient hUlory.
dent of the United States and candi-j 7 Arrived Ahead of Time. For a long lime Germany wuz divided
date for re-election on the National I J . , in such a way. an' among o many
Progressive ticket, occupied a wit-! The .seRsions of the committee sovereign., both native an' forelrn
"ess chair for three and a half hours! 1f clureb.QUe lnrouRnut. Co1-
to-day before a Senate investigating!0! jlooSVeIt arrived at the com -
committee, defending his adiuinistra-j " vl. r y f mIutes be"
tion, himself and his campaign asso-r . , !Jr . ?.n g ProS -
ciates against what he termed "in- ,, T . ine buliainS w'as marked
famous charges" and "hearsay evi-
He appeared before the committee
at his own request, to answer the
statmeents made In August by John.
i . .. . v tU t. 0i , , ;
D. Archbold that the Standard Oil
Company had given $100,000 to the
Republican campaign fund in 1904,
under the impression that President
Roosevelt knew of, and approved ac
ceptance of the contribution.
Not only did Colonel Roosevelt de
ny this, but he put into the formal
records of the committee a sweeping
denial that he had ever solicited
funds from any one while President;
that any money had been received by
the 1904 campaign committee with
an express or implied promise of fa
vors from the administration; that
excessive funds had been used in his
1904 or 1908 campaign; or that
money had ever been improperly
used in his behalf so far as he knew.
In reference to the Harriman fund
of $240,000, raised in 1904, Colonel
Roosevelt declared the statements of
J. P. Morgan, George R. Sheldon and
others had fully corroborated his
earlier statements that this fund was
raised expressly for the New York
State campaign, and had not been so
licited by him for his own support in
the fight for the Republican nomina
tion that year.
No Reference to National Fund.
"There was not one word spoken
by Mr. Harriman or by me having i waats lo see me 1 11 see mm
anv reference tn anv rnliprtinn nf S Again, when Senator Pomerene
funds for the national campaign," he
paid, referring to his interview with
Mr. Harriman in October, 1904. "On
the contrary, the request was from
Mr. Harriman that, inasmuch as we
had ample funds for the national
campaign, and as the national cam
paign was safe, we could help him
out in the State campaign."
"Darkest Abyssianian Treatment."
He referred to Archbold's state
ment that the Roosevelt administra
tion's treatment of the Standard Oil
Company rivaled "Darkness Abys
sinia.' "It is true that when I was Presi
dent I administered the 'Darkest
Abyssinian treatment to the Standard
Oil Company," the witness declared,
"but it was because it needed it. If
I am President again, I will again
administer it to any corporation of
the Standard Oil type that may need
The Colonel added that a strength
ening of the Anti-Trust law was need
ed. "The next statement that I want
to call your attention to," he resum
ed, "is that of Mr. Archhold that
when the Bureau of Corporations
began its investigation of the Stand
ard Oil, Mr. Archbold went to Mr.
Bliss to call me off. He testified that
Mr. Bliss told him 'I have no influ
ence with Mr. Roosevelt, I cannot
help you." That statement is only
partially true, for Mr. Bliss did have
great influence with me. I had a
great respect for Mr. Bliss. But it Is
true that neither Mr. Bliss nor any
other human being had the slightest
influence with me so far as getting
me to refrain from prosecuting any
corporation for breaking the law.
All those men who testified against
me testified that I refused to do. or
did not do anything improper in
their interest. And they are all now
supporting the candidates against
me those who are alive."
McHarg Had Made No Promises.
The letter Colonel Roosevelt wrote
to Ormsby McHarg March 4, 1912,
followed. In this letter he expressed
confidence that there was no truth in
the story about an" attempt to set;
Southern delegates by promises of
j more mosey or puro-ar.
ed hi trnjcal awariSfi-.
1 la bit reply said:
j possibly eE5brra.4inR position. !
know that you would u&bt-liaUacly f
repudiate me. If you ever learned tbatf
jl had done any such thing la your)
name. Such a statement Is hrd
I on iu face
"I have never had any authority
l? Pmise of any
kind or use any influence in roar!
behalf. If you knew at the time this)
ff?0. ! UP4 ,to bate orJ'(
Rated that I wai in the South, you!
learned the fact from oome one other!
.tbn -f6' , 1 dId not ou P"onl-j
ly before leaving New York, nor did'
I in 'any manner communicate with?
y,U about PUtlcii u&til consider-;
able time after my return.
make this denial complete
.,B xan j
;fturged t,hrough the rrldors. Po-'
Uf a 1.000 peo-(
T' WhHe De undred , or j
! .V lu l"c;blue eyes. Although the climate
eiuan tumumiee room.
VUiuuei ivooseven was piacea in a
chair on a little square platform,
from which he looked down upon the
table at which sat Senators Clapp,
Oliver, Pomerene and Paynter. Wil
liam Loeb, Jr., his former private
secretary, now Collector of Customs
at New York, came with him and oc
cupied a seat at his left. The former
President turned repeatedly to ask
Mr. Loeb for facts and records, and
at the end of his testimony Mr. Loeb
himself took the stand to corroborate
statements Colonel Roosevelt had
Expressions that brought laughter
from committee and spectators inter
spersed the Colonel Roosevelt's re
marks throughout the day.
Once he said: "I have actually
sent or.-hile-I-jra President, trust
magnates, labor leaders, Socialists,
John L. Sullivan, 'Battling Nelson.'
There was a pause, 'and Dr. Lyman
This was in response to questions
j aa to the propriety of his sending for
; E. H. Harriman in 1904 to discuss
; matters of legislation or campaign
"If 1 am elected President," he
added, "if Mr. Rockefeller or any one
J 1 A M Till
"oAtu ii euiuc i.uipuiaiiuua uiu uui
expect returns for their contributions
Colonel Roosevelt declared emphati
cally: "As a practical man of high Ideals,
who has always endeavored to put
high ideals into practice, I think
any man who would believe that he
would get any consideration from
making any contribution to me was
either a crook or a fool."
The crowded committee room was
swept with a burst of applause.
Loeb Bears Him Out.
William Loeb, Jr., formerly hi
private secretary, followed him on
the stand and substantiated Colonel
Roosevelt's testimony that Mr. Har
riman called up the White House in
October, 1904, and asked for an en
gagement to see the President, "be
cause the State situation in New
York was troubling them."
"Senator, you know that my lips
have been sealed as to any confiden
tial relations with Colonel Roose
velt," said Mr. Loeb when pressed
ar al ck i lit m . i v a & . i i - i
" , . " . ,
wmy me suopoena ox mis commu-
. . , . ta
to say that it would be as easy tojf
prove mat the moon is maae or green
cheese as to impugn the integrity of!
Colonel Roosevelt as affecting ntri -
ouuons or corporations or any puonc,
or private act." He added that
knew no further facts relating to
The committee then adjourned un
til Monday at 10 o'clock.
REBELS KILL FOUR ML-RIXES.
American Forces Put Nicaragnazi
Revolutionists to Root.
Washington. D. C, Oct. 5. No
further details were received by the
State Department to-night from Nica
ragua, where American marines and
sailors drove General Zeledon, a reb
el general, and his forces from Coyo-i
tepe, and Baranca hills, near Masaya
yesterday after four American marine-
were killed and several wound
ed. The NIcaragnan Government
forces then took Masaya, relieving
the starring inhabitants. Zeledon, In
trying to escape, was hilled by Nicaragua-!
REAL ANCIENT HISTORY
iFor a Long Time Germany
Was a House Divided
A SOAPLESS LAND ONCE
IIe of trtnay Wee iHtidad In-
t 1 rv . -r
Mm With Masty lU-UUtr Who
Would Fight Was "If Town
Were Mrrrij Ftrt ta the Old Days
A lH$rare to lie Chi I il 1 r 1 "rtt
liar Irr of the Early Gentian
Inhabitant In and McH Srafre
in Oldrn Time.
that bit wuz dimcult for thu world at
jlarge lo form a correrl dfa az lo
i the boundaries ov Germany. Facliu
!gave us to understand that Germany
, occupied practically one-third ov Eu-
rope, an' biz claim seem to hev been
Xhe ancIem Germana m noted
for their large stature, red hair an'
cool much ov the years, the ancient
Germans grew up mostly without any
clothln until they were good-sized trniely fond ov games, such at dice,
boys an girls an' they are said to-In om cases they would risk their
hev known but little "about soap an! Persons in . Ram or chance an wer
water, though a change hei probably often placed In slavery to pay a
come about In that respect. There gambling debt. In such caacs the
wuz neither master nor slave In Ger- "laves were well treat J. bavin a
many, awl havin an equal chance In ' good house to live In. He wui re
society, at first. But az they grewfQ'ilred to give a certain portion or
into maturity a portion ov the males j a 1 be made to the maater, but after
became distinguished on account ovithat hii time wuz hlz own, an' If he
the sunerinr ralnr chnvn hi- enmo an'! uiit rent indtisf rimia he ratilri may
thla divided the males Into two class-
I a k- .v,
. a, uftun.! ucvuiuiu iue uiitBieri
the weaklings the servants. The!
man ov valor, especially If he had a
large number ov relatives who could
an would fight, usually stood pretty
high, especially az he grew towards
old age. Nearly everybody got mar-
frie an1dt wuz cotisldered hut little
short ov a disgrace for a married
couple to be childless in Germany in
the early days. At that time the peo
ple ov Germany were divided Into dif
ferent tribes somethin after the
fashion ov the American Indians. The
uncle on the mothers' side regarded
the nephew with az much affection
az if they were hlz sons. The ancient
Germans were utterly Ignorant of the
arts an' of agriculture. Tacitus says
j they had no towns nor cities In hlz
daj Ptolemy, another historian ov
ancient days, says there were about
I Ll J .... ... .
Y. J t . 1 uay DUl Dl1 ,z!-ere formed into a province called
believed that they were hardly more j GermanIa cls-Rhonanaa. In 3595
than small settlements surroundln aj Arralnugt at the head or lhe cherus
fort the latter bein a place ov refuge cL maMacred lhref Roman legions
for the women an' children for theiundcr VM At a aUr iod ln
men were engaged in tribal wan ... : w..
most ov the time. No stones or
bricks were used in buildings ln that
day in Germany, log cabins bein' the
regular style. The clothln used by
both sexes wuz a loose mantle, fast
ened either with a clasp or by thorns
to hold hit in place. A little later
the richer people wore a garment
girt close showing the shape ov the
hnrlv an' 11m ha Tn tha Vi i .
,, '., , !
tion ov the country furs were worn,
both sexes dressing alike. But for
the "Sunday best" some ov the wo-
men wore linen robes trimmed with '
a rich Wple. Indifferent farmIn. ;
wuz carried on. Az an addition theuprooiea B,i ""UB-C w7 "
men were exnert in hunting an' trarw!
ping game, which w
uz said to be?auoeiner- In lo" way
nlentiful. Cnnsidprahl nttl wn
raised but only for home use, azto whom hlt Probably owes most or
there wuz but few markets. Iron an hlu present greatness ax well ax the
otner metais were scarce, in war-
fae wooden spears with
steel or Iron point. In. war the in-
uged , . h Q I
throw a te a t digtance wIth
n thel aJm wu ood
Mouated usual, Ue1 , ;
ya carried a sheld a. r But
! . i i .
uie uurscB ueiog ura 10 manage,
sort or a wild species, were not worth
much in battle. Each family or clan
fought separately an women an
drcn accompanied the soldiers in i
time or war ax a matter or safety.
The women dressed the wounds or
the Injured an carried food an water
to the men. Most or the fltln wuz
with the Romans. The Germans
were not trained soldiers like the
Romans an could only win when they
attacked an Inferior force. Bat their
fool-hardy bravery often gave them
victory. But the Germans being un
drilled an' without officers could not
retire nor retreat in an orderly man
ner an were sure to tnCer in sneh
cases on that account. In some bat
tles with the well-drilled Romans the
Germans were practically cut to
pieces when forced to retreat because
they had no order, bo system, to
their methods or warfare. If they
? t to "Si J a ? re k "J Is
T &eSt fof-U!ia et 0e
tzxsif t4 ta rhttftt ew?e tssj4
I fcat -rfon&4 tfeeir ?Ukv til n
I crotr roo4 of 4e?t F"- Tkf
; beSteiri tfcy oafM fo nelvM?
I bit. Tfce ee oss. r. ir r
j tiie fftfifl! tsjnfti t 4rUs.
ji&pitor wtit of!ilr4 ss.4f l
ot "Tfcor er Ttcrxz
1 AU? uta rUe4 04l6 a "WsS
i la. tte cx4 o $tt!e, Hie o$irss
; 2ity ai orhIf4. fea worM;.
red a? all. es4er the Raise
an ala? uu4r an wU tfe, U
oak itr iMtajfijc to a aort ov aa
crrd trre la tjertsacy In ihm early
day. !-tT ihff fca4 drut4 or
pr!rt who finally tara try ls.
fluential, an, we may aay. ux-fu!. for
' thy could maintain slUer la aejr
crowd, the rpJe col darlnc to t
disorderly when they were pr6t.
" Thy had a rodd railed Krtha."
?an at certain titles, when tfcl tv4.
deia w m uppoed to be paaala
through the country, awl war would
i be autpesded. ttelfihborhood jar-
rel would be huahrd. an the people
would remain quiet an well befcated
for awhile, at leant. The prleU alo
taught the people that a brave tr.an
w ui a laturite with the ro4a they
worshipped On the other hand, a
coward had little or no pro pert, or
what they termed beaten. Such
! idea are not dead yet. but eill in
t ome countries In one form or anoth
er. In Japan, for Instance In an
: cient Germany they believed that if
; they spent their Urea In war they
were bound to po to a happy horn
j after death, in heaven or aomewherv.
! The ancient Germans wen ei-
somethln. But there wuz som
i ..v. . ...u...
tmaiuv uiiaiuru iu tnnunnf,.
Before the beglnnln ov the Chris-
tian era but Utile lz known ov Ger
man history. About the only things
well known wuz the Invasion ov Italy
by the Clmbrl and Tutont; their de
feat by Marlus ln 3909 II. C; the in
vasion ov Gsui on the banks o? the
Rhine, under Ariolstus. and their de
feat by Julius Caesar in 39S0 are
about awl the history known prior to
the Christian era. Julius Caesar, af
ter completing the conquest, divided
Gaul Into three provinces an named
them the Celtic, the Acquita&ic. an
the Belglc. The provinces or th
left side ov the Rhine were compris
ed in the Belglc. Durln' the reign ov
Augustus another division took place
an' the country lying between the
Neuse an' the Sceldt an' the Rhine
were taken from the Gelgic Gaul an
fov the Christian era. the German
tribes formed associations for de
fense against the Romans. One or
these, the Saxons, lz the best known,
perhaps. Charlemange made the
first attempt to unite the different
German tribes into one nation, under
one ruler. Aside from the above
? facts but litis iz known ov the very
early history ov the German Empire.
, w .
consolidation, an at the same time,
country, the feudal tys-
tem gained a foothold an this finally
I - - J K.M I . I
descendants, they finally
i ... . . . . .
; who had done the most for Germany,
past, because a mere nobody except
for the brief mention he got ln early
history. The German people ought
to give him the credit due him an
pe rhaps will do so yet. though but
mtle has been done along that line
at yet. The dukes or Franconla.
Saxony. Bavaria. Saabia. an Lor-
r tia ffCM h triA I ir'nflftplin
. t -
princes, caused the reputation ov
Charlemage to decline rapidly in his
chll-Fday. After "Charles the Fat,- the
people out ot respect for the mem-
ory or Charlemagne, placed the
crown upon the bead or Arnold, a
son or Carloman, an then upon hit
son. Louis. But after this they
elected a Saxon line or princes as
son or Carloman, an' then npon his
son, Louis. But after this they
elected a Saxon line of princes ax
rulers of Germany, anj some or them
were rather light-weight rulers
(To be continued.)
The frosted Democratic pumpkin
in Maine reminds the disappointed
party that the melancholy days are
near. Union Republican.