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RALEIGH, IV. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER lO, 1012.
Next year is the "off year" In pol
itics, but it probably will be of the
Mr. Wilson left Bermuda Friday
and Mr. Bryan left Florida Friday.
Wilson can't "checker" Bryan.
All the Democratic politicians who
have not made connection with the
pie counter are now envying "little
It is presumed that the Governor
of South Carolina has no skeleton
hid in his closet. It appears that he
has shown everything.
The press dispatches state that the
Governor of Arkansas pardoned 360
convicts in one day. That is almost
equal to the pace set by Governor
Mease of South Carolina.
A dispatch from Trenton, N. J.,
announces that Wilson will fight the
reactionaries in his party. Which
means he will have a continuous fight
during his administration.
Many writers are already talking
of Christmas egg-nogg. They have
probably forgotten that this is a pro
hibiton State and that even the sup
ply of eggs has almost gone dry.
A dispatch announces that Presi
dent Wilson has his ear to the ground.
However, it isn't at all necessary
to get in such a stooped position to
hear the rumblings from the split in
A Democratic exchange says that
Wilson will probably enter the White
House free from obligations to the
pernicious interests. The "pernicious
interests" are probably the ones that
refused to give Wilson their support.
President-elect Wilson says- that
two-thirds of his mail is from appli
cants for office, and has refused to
see any of them in person. Presi
dent Wilson may yet decide not to
keep open house when he gets to
When the members of the Gover
nors' Conference rebuked Governor
Ulease for consigning the Constitu
tion to the lower regions, he prompt
ly informed them they could go there
too. However, as yet, none of the
Governors have accepted the warm
The Washington correspondent of
the Greensboro News says that manu
facturers show no alarm over a Dem
ocratic tariff law. Then, it is evi
dent that the manufacturers do not
expect the Democrats to carry out
their platform pledges.
The Durham Herald thinks Gover
nor Wilson's experience at Trenton
will be of considerable benefit to him
in Washington. Can't see how the
Herald figures it out, as Mr .Wilson
did not revise the tariff nor prosecute
the trusts while acting as Governor
Some days ago a friend of a
grass widower In Buncombe County
spread the news that said grass wi
dower was deud. The news was
spread with hopes of making the
wife return to her husband, and this
she did, though she may have return
ed for the purpose of looking up the
life insurance policies.
One or two Republicans and some
Democrats are trying to push a bill
through Congress providing for a
constitutional amendment to restrict
Presidential tenure to two terms of
four years. The bill is probably in
tended to keep Colonel Roosevelt
from being President again, but their
bill, even if passed, would never
Democrats are getting tab on all
the available offices in the State and
a complete list was published iu
Tuesday's News and Observer, even
giving the date that each office will
be open for bids. But, should the
Observer decide to publish the names
of all the Democratic applicants for
said jobs it will be necessary to get
a special edition of the paper.
America's Ambassador at Court of
St. Jame Since 1&0."5 Had Been
111 Several Days, But Ills Death
London. Dec. 15. Whltelaw Reid.
the American Ambassador to Great
Britain since 1905, died at his Lon
don residence, Dorchester House,
shortly after noon to-day from pul
monary oedema. The end was quite
peaceful. Mrs. Reld and their
daught-r, Mrs. John Hubert Ward,
were at the bedside.
The Ambassador had been uncon
scious since 9 o'clock In the morning
and at Intervals during the previous
twenty-four hours he had been slight
ly delirious as a result of the drugs
administered to Induce sleep.
Dr. Thomas Bartow, physician to
the King, who was called In last
week after Mr. Reid's illness became
acute and his regular physician, Dr.
William Hale White, issued the fol-j
lowingbulletln as to the cause ofj
Statement of Physicians.
"A fortnight ago the American
Ambassador had a slight bronchial
attack similar to others which he
had suffered at considerable intervals.
On Wednesday asthma supervened
and the asthmatic paroxysms
came very severe, leading to extreme
The King sent his equerry, Sir
t Harry Legge, to express the condol
ences of himself and the Queen. Dur
ing the afternoon messages conveying
the warmest sympathy were received
from the Queen Mother Alexandra
and other members of the royal fam
ily, court officials, members of the
Governments and of the various em
bassies and legations.
Washington Shocked at the News.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 15. News
of the death in London to-day of
Ambassador Reid came as a shock to
official Washington, for it had not
been generally realized that Mr.
Reid's illness was of a serious nature.
President Taft paid an unusual
tribute to the late Ambassador and
expressed his grief in a cable reply
to a message of sorrow from King
George of Great Britain, which reach
ed the White House to-day. Presi
dent Taft also sent his sympathy to
President Taft Will Appoint a Suc
cessor. Washington, D. C, Dec. 15. The
American Ambassadorship at London
will not long be left vacant. Al
though President Taft was said to
night not to have decided at this
time upon a successor to Mr. Reid, it
Is understood that he wii! fill the
place in a few weeks. The Presi
dent regards the diplomatic prob
lems, in which this country and Great
Britain are at present entangled, as
too important to leave the United
States unrepresented, even for a few
months at the Court of St. James.
MAY MEAN CHEAPER COAL.
United States Supreme Court Decides
Against the Railroad Owned Coal
Companies in Pennsylvania Vio
lated Anti-Trust Law.
Washington dispatch, December
"The Supreme Court of the Unit
ed States to-day cancelled as violative
of the Sherman anti-trust law the
contracts by which railroad owned
coal companies In the Pennsylvania
anthracite fields had Purchased the
output for all time of 'independent'
"Attorney General Wickersham to
night expressed the belief that the de
cision 'will so completely destroy the
combination which now controls the
price of anthracite that it must re
sult in a distinct measure of relief to
"The court also ordered dissolution
of railroad control of the Temple Iron
Company, by which 4he principal rail
roads and their coal companies were
found to have strangled a project
to build a competing road into the
anthacite fields in 1898 and by
which monopolizing schemes could
be put Into operation in the future.
The Government failed, the court
held, to show 'general combination'
to apportion the amount of coal to be
put upon the market annually by the
various roads. -The Government's
other charges as to a general combi
nation were characterized as 'indefi
An Expensive Shot.
One day lost week Mr. Erie Blan
ton, the son of Monroe Blanton of
the Sharon section, killed a ' bird In
the field below the barn and was
walking back to the house when his
gun accidentally discharged and kill
ed a fine mule standing in the yard.
The mule was the finest Mr. Blanton
DA TO AM APE filTCCTfflM
rAIuUilAuE UUUllUll !
Is Now Uppermost in the Minds of
HOLDING UP OF NOMINATIONS
Their Views About the Civil Service
Have Lndergone a Great Change
Since the Election Cheap Farm j
Credit Why Should the Govern -
fhent Loan Farmers Money From
tle Postal Saviiur Rank al A !
Cheap Rate of InterestFarm
"Doctor Needed in Every County
Rosoevelt's Great Idea Rearing !
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, Dec. 17, 1912.
Since the assembling of this Con
gress the Democratic members at
both ends of the Canitol have dls-
n n cqd Ha nnnctlnn nt to t rrn a tra i
more than any other subject. It is ; 8chee and make supplemental ap
astonishlng how their views aboutProtIon er,eto fr the Purpose
the civil service have changed since
be-Uhe electiorr and th-y see visions of(D""T
me pie-c-uuuiei. " weic uui.
ln..MaMMl i m it, '
-,fr,M f o rovnlcinn nf n,,MI eontl-
ment, we think It safe to say that the
next Democratic Congress would wipe.
out the whole civil service system,
Indeed, there has been much serious
discussion of how to evade or nullify
the civil service laws in order to se
cure more appointments.
The Holding Up of Nominations.
This spirit has also been manifest-,
ed in the determination of the Demo
crats in the Senate to refuse to con
firm appointments sent in by Presi
dent Taft and to hold the same up
until the fourth of March so that va
cinre nan Iip filled hv Democrats. I
So earnest and serious have the -
Democratic Senators and Congress
men become over this matter. that a
caucus was held to take action. The
caucus determined that all political
appointments should be heT&fep and
that only those whose : appointments
were regulated by law or whose
terms expired at the pleasure of the
President should be confirmed, like
foreign ambassadors or ministers,
who can be recalled at any time. It
was also decided to let army and
navy confirmations go through, in
asmuch as they were promotions un
der the law.
Here we have a striking illustra
tion of one of the defects of a govern
ment run by parties. There seems,
however, to be no remedy under a
government like ours for such condi
tions as long as human nature re
mains as it is. !
Cheap Farm Credit.
The other day the Governors who
had been attending the "House of
Governors" in annual session at Rich
mond, Va., came on to Washington
and had a conference with the Presi
dent and also with a number of the
members of Congress about some of
the more important subjects discuss
ed at their Richmond meeting.
One of these questions was to de
vise a scheme for establishing a sys
tem of farm credits, by which the
farmers of the country could borrow
money at as low a rate of interest as
could business enterprises.
There are a number of systems of
this kind now in operation in Europe.
The one in operation In France is
probably the most successful.
In short, the plan is one by which
, tne farmerg caQ invefit their m
in what might be called a farmer's
bank or depository, for the purpose
of being loaned to each other at a
low rate of interest on farm land for
security, but the same to be operated
under Government supervision. Some
countries go further and provide that
a part of the nation's surplus funds
in the National Treasury shall also
be loaned under the same system.
Clearly, this should be done in the
United States, because we have al
ready established the precedent of
lending the Government's money to
Wall Street whenever Wall Street
gamblers manufacture a panic or call
for Government deposits on one spe
cious plea or another. If there is no
other way to give to the farmers of
the country sufficient capital at a low
rate of interest, then it is the duty of
the Government to provide funds for
that purpose and a banking institu
tion for making the loan. This should
be done by the Government even if
it were necessary to sell bonds t$
raise the money.
But now since the postal savings
bank system is established and the
people are depositing their funds in
these banks all over the country and
the Government is paying them only
2 per cent interest, why should not
the Government lend this same mon
ey to the farmers at two and one-
half per cent, or three per cent at the
outside, which is much less than half
the average rate that farmers are
forced to pay to-day?
0ce of tbe sreateit questions that'
confronts the statesmen of America'
1 to-day Is to stop the tendency of farm
a vfcu atu tuc as turn ax is fef
ing to tbe cities. This tendency has
the people in the United States live'
In towns where they do not create!
wealth but where they must be sup-;
ported by those who produce. j
No one can blame the farmer's son ,
from going to town if he can there
better his condition. The problem Is I
fof Government to uJlti eTeryj
effort to make conditions on the farm-
; and comfort of farm life, but also in
jits profit, so that a maprity of the!
m . a . t .s ji i ;
Iar Wl maucea 10 remain
. Agricnltoral Extension Departmenta.
; In this connection, there is now
pending another Interesting proposi-j
tion before Congress. A bill has;
passed the House and has been favor-)
ably reported already In the Senate '
providing for an appropriation from
the National Treasury to be appor-j
tioned among the States where the Democ rats of the Lnlted States Sen
State Legislatures will pass laws In are engaged In a struggle for
with the Government.
V1 "T1"6 T
n4ni va i r Asttne v Ka TTn if-
cvj ili ivro n iiu vcaii li s la scat uici
, . j
uuv tU Uittive UB IttUU U1U1 C UUUf,
Mrf Wilson, the Secretary of Agri-
culture, In a statement In support of
A l I 111 IJAl A.
this proposition, said that every com
munity had Its doctor who looked af
ter tbe health of the people of his
neighborhood; that that doctor's
duty -was to find out what was the
matter with each person when not in
prime' health, and then to apply the
remedy or show the patient how to
apply it. He said that that was ex
actly; what this bill meant for the
farmers of the country. It meant that
we should have at least one "farm
doctor" in each COUntV. who would
be competent to look at every man's j
farm, at its different soils and con
ditions, and tell the farmer what was
necessary by way of drainage, of fer-L
tufzatlon, and of adapting the right
crop to the right soil, to enable the
fatsaer with the same amount of
work and effort to produce twice 'the
amount of produce.
This is truly a great scheme and
one which the Government should
at once undertake. The present bill
carries an appropriation of only three
million dollars, but of course when
the system is inaugurated the appro
priation should and would become
much larger each year.
To-day not more than 1 per cent
of the vast sums of money appro
priated by our Government is used to
help the farmer who must feed and
clothe the whole nation. There are
but few people who stop to think that
If the farmers of this nation should
go on a strike on the first day of next
January that before the end of six
months every bank in the United
States would close and every railroad
would stop running.
Roosevelt's Great Idea Bearing Fruit.
In this connection, it is proper to
remember that it was Colonel Roose
velt, when President of the United
States, who inaugurated the move
ment for the improvement of the
farms and the uplift of country life
that has already brought forth both
of the Important movements mention
above. A number of the stand-pat and
monopoly organs attempted to ridi
cule President Roosevelt when he in
vited all the Governors of the United
States to meet at the White House
to consider these and every other
problem that would make country
life more attractive to the young man
by making the soli more productive
and by making general conditions of
country life more pleasant and attrac
tive in every way.
This great conception and bold ac-
tlonn the part of Colonel Roosevelt
put the whole country to thinking.
and already we see the important
fruits resulting therefrom. It is a
wonderful thing for a great country
like this to have had a great con
structive statesman like Roosevelt in
the White House, and as time goes on
his invaluable work for the uplift of
the people of this country In every di
rection will be more and more appre
ciated. Fish Sold at Beaufort at One Cent a
A dispatch from Beaufort, N. C,
December 14, saysj
"Fish at one cent a pound was
plentiful here to-day when power
fishermen came into port after one
of the greatest catches within the
memory of the oldest inhabitants.
The vessels' as well as their holds,
were loaded. Six hundred thousand
pounds of fish, it is estimated, com-
the haul. The market was
glutted and as there is no cold stor -
age plant here the sea food was sold their stock can be brought to a nor
at a cent a pound and then all was1 mal condition. The business has been
not disposed of by the fishermen. heavier this fall than ever before.
DEIOCRACY IS SPLIT.
m w IF)
ice rrogressrfe and Keacboaary
Straggle for Control
TWO FACTIONS HAVE LINED UP
liefer Uw Fight I Kadrd Imldrat
Wilton Will Re Forced to Choos
iwtnmx One Wing or the Other J
Irogreive Democrats Are Doom
ing Hoke Smith and luke Ia for
Ieaden The Fight Among Demo
crats In the Senate Is the First
Sign of the Break In the Party.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington. D. C, 17. The first
"Pllt in the victorious Democracy has
The progressive and reactionary
control of that body which is exciting
The two factions have lined up
over the question of the continuance!
of Senator Marshall, of Virginia, a
friend of Thomas F. Ryan, the Wall
ctwt mairnjit th lrlf fh
Democrats In the Senate.
It is a situation pregnant with the
most important political conse
quences. Before the fight it ended
President Wilson will be forced to
choose between one wing or the oth
er. He cannot ride two horses tug
ging in opposite directions at the
same time. He may try it at first,
but if he should cast in his fortunes
later with the forces of reaction he
will suffer the same criticism that has
been leveled at President Taft.
Oppose Rule of Conservative?.
The progressive Democrats in the
Senate have been moved to act be-
ctuse of the necessity, in their view.
of preventing the control of Congress
by the conservatives.
The two great questions of the Wil
son administration, as Mr. Wilson has
pointed out, will be the tariff and the
"money trust." The Ways and Means
Committee, presided over by Mr. Un
derwood, will fortunate the tariff
The curbing of the "money trust"
will be confided, as it is at present,
to the Banking and Currency Com
mittee, the chairman of which will
be Representative Carter Glass, of
Virginia. Mr. Glass is not ranked as
as progressive Democrat.
Both of these matters are consid
ered by the Finance Committee of
the Senate. If Mr. Martin should be
named as Senate leader his appoint
ment of Simmons as the head of the
Finance Committee will mean that a
protective tariff Democrat will have
control of tariff revision In the Up
per House and a conservative on
Banking and Currency Reform will
have charge of the legislation leveled
against the money combination.
Progressives Likely to Win.
The progressives have twenty-two
votes pledged against Martin up to
Ldate. They need only three more to
assure a majority. It is evident,
therefore, that Martin will be beaten,
that he will not secure the Chair
manship of the Appropriations Com
mittee, that Simmons will not be ap
pointed Chairman of the Finance
Committee, Bankbead Chairman of
the Postoffice Committee, and men
of the same conservative character
chairmen of any of the important
subordinate bodies of the Senate.
The movement of the progressives
is not for any one man as leader. It
is against Martin. The two men
prominently mentioned for the Dem
ocratic leadership are Hoke Smith,
of Georgia, and Luke Lea, of Ten
nessee. The former served In Cleve
land's cabinet and was Governor of
his State before he came to Wash
ington. He is a progressive. Lea is
a young, forceful, active statesman,
who knows politics. He was one of
the Wilson floor managers at the Bal
First Sign of Party Break.
It is not too much to say the fight
among the Democrats in the Senate is
the first sign of the break in the par
ty. The conservatives, in urging the
progressives to accept Martin, are
telling them that harmony is essen
tial and the disruption of the party
win De on tneir neaas ir tnev an
tagonize the established order. The
progressive Democrats are responding
by saying that if the Senate Is con
trolled by the. reactionaries the Dem
ocratic administration's doom is fore
gone. Factories Working Over-Time.
(Mount Anry Leader.)
Every furniture factory In this city
is now working over-time and some
.of them have ceased to ship until
Moosftiiisixtt ix tiik jorot.
There I No Mg-a of Abtratt Pe
rUrr the (VmmlioT ! later
suil Revenue Mo4 trr let la
the "iHj" Stale.
A Washington. D. C. dispatch of
I v rater IS says:
'Moonshlntng and 'boot leg
stag continue without a si en of
abatement. declare Royal K. CabetU
Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
In his annual report tssde public to-
UJ u,,u Jr
2.4S illicit distilling plants were
eUed. about the same number as the
previous year, and the Coatalssiontr
admits that the Government did not
get all of the t Maters of the law,
A great number of 'moonshiners stilt
are operating, resulting ia a Urge
losa of revenue to the Government
" 'Illicit distilling is most preval
ent says the Commissioner, 'in the
States of Georgia. Alabama. North
Carolira. South Carolina, Tennessee,
"The total number of corporations
Inthe United States duriu lgM2 as
shown by returns under the corpora
tion tax law was SSS.SSS with capi
talization of 160.067. 138.925 bondeJ
indebtedness of $32.163. S37.6 1. and
an aggregate net Income of $3,213.-
707.247. Capital stock lncreaed over
1910 by more than $2.180.; 08.000,
and bond and other fndebtedress by
$1,448,201,000. while the net Income
decreased by $146,543,000.
"The corporation tax. which yield
ed $28,583,259 on the 1911 returns
Is expected by Mr. Cabell to become a
constantly increasing source of reve
nue to the Government.
"The Commissioner recommends
the revision of the oleomargarine law
because, as at present constituted. It
results in evasion and fraud.
'.'He estimated that internal reve
nue receipts during the current fiscal
year will reach $326,000,000, and
during the fiscal year 1914 probably
$328,000,000 breaking all previous
HANDCUFFED MEN ON TRAIN.
Arrested at Morgan ton and I tared
In Jail Two Men Claimed Tliey
Were Handcuffed and Robbed la
RalHgli Htory Not Betiered.
Morganton, N. C, dispatch, De
"Two unknown men with hand
cuffs on their wrists, and who had
evidently escaped from officers some
where, were arrested here last night
on the arrival of train No. 35. They
had been handcuffed together but
had succeeded in breaking the chain
and each had one cuff on his wrist.
The conductor of the train noticed
the handcuffs and telegraphed to ths
officers here, who made the arrest.
Both men are young and fairly well
dressed, one being rather tail and the
other about average size.
""Nothing can be learned from
them as they will not talk further
than state they were handcuffed to
gether and robbed In Raleigh by a
man who claimed to bo a policeman N
and who became frightened and
ran, leaving them handcuffed togeth
er after which they broke the chain
with a railroad iron.
"No credit is given their story as
they seem to know but little of each
other, one claiming to be from Mem
phis, the other from Atlanta, but
telegrams to these places discredit
their story. They are being held in
the Morganton Jail until further in
formation is received
Congressmen Should First Turn
Loose Their Graft.
It does not sound very Jrell to
hear Congressmen talking about cut
ting off graft here and there when
they are engaged In tbe tame busi
ness in the mileage grab. They are
allowed twenty cents, when It costs
about two cents to travel. Effort af
ter effort har been made to eat this
out, but it falls every time. Some
brother handy at elucidation, ex
plains that tbe purpose of the law
In making It twenty cents was to en
able a Congressman to take his wife
with him to Washington so that she
would act as a restraint on him. As
a matter of fact. the mileage was
made twenty cents away back before
the day of railroads when It actually
cost this mnch to travel and when
precious few wives of Congressmen
ever saw Washington unless they
happened to live close by.
People of Oregon Voted to Hang
Salem, Oregon, dispatch, Decem
"Four men were hanged In the
penitentiary In this city to-day de
spite efforts to save their lives that
are unprecedented. The quartette
bad been under reprieve granted by
Governor West for varying periods
In order that , the electorate of the
State might have an opportunity to
pronounce Its verdict whether the
men should hang. The verdict was
given on November 5th and was in
favor of hanging."