North Carolina Newspapers

    VOL. XXXI.
RALEIGH, N. C. THURSDAY, JANUARY !Ot 1013.
No. 1
fi
EDITORIAL BRIEFS
That proposed Constitutional Con
vention will bear watching.
Those towns that want the com
mission form of government will bare
to first get rid of their political
bosses.
The 'Visiting Statesman" If in Ra
leigh again this week. Probably in
the Interest of another Constitutional
Convention.
The North Carolina Senate has also
appointed a patronage committee
Patronage seems to be the long suit
with the Democrats.
The antl-tlpping bill Introduced in
the House Monday should become a
law. The tipping evil has actually
reached the graft stage.
The Durham Herald doesn't like it
because the Hillsboro people will
throw things in Eno River. Why not
have the Legislature pass a law.
The Legislature thus far has been
merely beating time, but even that is
probably better than beating the pub
lic. The Legislature is a little slow get
ting down to business, and there are
about one thousand Democratic Jus
tices of the peace yet to be appoint
ed. The Charlotte aldermen have voted
against the commission form of gov
ernment. Evidently they do not
want to give up any of their political
power.
Mr. Wilson has already placed sev
eral of the newspaper men in the
Ananias Club. Mr. Wilson reiterates
that he has not framed any slate for
his Cabinet.
One member of the Legislature has
introduced a bill to prohibit public
drunkenness in his county." And this,
too, after the State has been "dry"
for four years.
The State debt was first reported
as $725,000, but now it is said to be
over $800,000. Won't it be awful if
it continues to grow at that rate; in
fact, isn't it awful as it is?
Wouldn't it be a good plan to let
those who think that "Democratic
good government" is worth the price
pay that $800,000 debt the Demo
crats have heaped upon the State?
The Wilmington Star thinks the
Democratic party in several Southern
States needs overhauling. We hear
no dissenting opinion, so let the over
hauling proceed.
William Allen White, a noted mag
azine writer says that Woodrow Wil
son will put the Democratic party
"down and out." And, so Wilson
may serve a good purpose after all.
If North Carolina is making won
derful strides along educational lines
the educational progress in the other
States must be simply marvelous, as
we don't seem to be able to get away
from tr" foot.
In his message to the Legislature
Governor Kitchin recommends the
creation of a Board of Pardons.
Wonder if that was out of kindness
to Mr. Craig or to take away some
of his power as Governor?
A Durham dispatch states that
Gen. J. S. Carr favors woman suf
frage and a dog law. The suffragettes
are usually glad of any aid, but will
hardly appreciate having the two
recommendations linked together.
Woodrow Wilson may like "13,"
but it is a safe wager that Judge
Archbald does not. There were 13
counts against Archbald, and. in the
year '13 and on the 13th day the
Senate voted that Archbald was guil
ty. President-elect- Wilson says the
task ahead of him of making appoint
ments to office Is "wholly hateful."
Don't you know that sounds ungrate
ful to the million or more office
seekers who feel that they helped
Mr. Wilson get his job.
STATK OPERATES INSURANCE
COMPANY.
Wisconsin Now Insure the Lives of
Her Citizens.
People in Wisconsin may now buy
life insurance from the State. This
brought about through the en
actment by the Legislature of 1911
of a law establishing a "Life Fund to
be administered by the State without
liability on the part of the State be
yond the amount of the fund, for the
purpose of granting life insurance
and annuities to persons who at the
time of the granting of such insur
ance and annuities are within the
State or residents thereof."
The Commissioner of Insurance
was given two years in which to pre
pare forms, tables, and other data
necessary to carry out the act. Such
data have been prepared, and the
first application was formally received
on October 24, 1912.
Insurance may be granted to per
sons between the ages of twenty and
fifty in amounts of $500 or multiples
thereof. Until one thousand policies
have been issued, no more than $1,
000 shall be granted on any one life,
and not more than $3,000 at any
time. At present five plans of Insur
ance are offered:
(1) Ordinary Life; (2) Twenty
Payment Life; (3) Endowment at
Age Sixty-five; (4) Ten-Year Endow
ment; (5) Term of Age Sixty-five.
Other plans, including annuities, will
be Issued later.
On the Ordinary Life plan a level
annual premium Is charged until
death and at death $1,000 is paid;
on the Twenty-Payment Life Plan a
level annual premium Is charged for
twenty yeTars or until prior death,
and at death $1,000 is paid; on the
Ten-Year Endowment a level pre
mium is charged for ten years, or un
til prior death, and at death or at
the end of ten years, $1,000 is paid;
on the Endowment at Age Sixty-five
a i 'vel annual premium lo charged
until age sixty-five is reached or un
til prior death, and at death or at age
sixty-five $1,000 Is paid; and on the
xfm of Age Sixty-five a level annual
1$ jum is charged until age sixty-
t r until prior death and $1,000
& ftaid if death incurs before age
voxty-five..
These policies represent standard
forms issued by legal reserve com
panies. In fact, the State life insur
ance is nothing more than the taking
over of the best insurance practice of
the day reduced to its simplest terms
and offering it to the people at cost,
with a large part of the cost eliminat
ed through the fact that no agents
are employed and th,at there ino
"over-head" charge to maintain of
fices and highly salaried officials.
From "State Insurance in Wisconsin,"
by Benjamin S. Beecher, in the Amer
ican Review of Reviews for Janu
ary. SPRINGS SENSATION AT KINSTON
Judge Intimates That Officials Have
Been Derelict and Orders Inves
tigation. A Kinston, N. C, dispatch says:
The feature of the present session
of Lenoir Superior Court c&me when
Judge Carter ordered the grand jury
before him for a special charge with
regard to moral conditions in Kin
ston. He stated that it had been re
ported to him that indecent resorts
were maintained here in violation of
the State law. Before charging the
grand jury his honor sent for the
mayor and chief of police, and cited
the statute bearing upon their duties
in the matter. After asking the
mayor if such places had been report
ed to him by the chief of police once
every thirty days as required by law,
and the chief of police if he had
made such reports to the mayor, and
receiving a reply in the negative from
both, he directed the grand jmry to
investigate, saying that if it found
such houses existed in Kinston it was
their duty to present both officials
for failure to do their dut. The
grand jury immediately went into an
investigation.
Just Suppose Republicans or Pro
gressives Had Run State in Debt!
Clinton News-Dispatch.
But If the Republicans had been
in power and had run the State gov
ernment exactly like the Democrats
have been running it, gee, wouldn't
Josephus and his band of "me-too's"
raise a breeze over It. They would
have thrown forty fits and would
have sworn that the State was going
to the bow-wow's in a gallop.
Fear of Insanity Caused Danville
Man to Suicide.
Dickens Jones, thirty-five, member
of a prominent family of Danville,
Va.f and brother of Mrs. James
White, of Statesville, N. C, commit
ted suicide at his place of business in
Danville Saturday by shooting him
self through the head with a revolver.
Fear of insanity, with which he was
threatened, prompted him to do the
deed, it is understood.
YASHINGTON LETTER
Widespread Sestxnent for Recall
of Judges had its Isflaence m
the Coariction of ArcMkld
GROWTH OF PARCELS POST
Friends of the Measure Are Much
Gratified at the Wonderful Popu
larity of the System However
There Are Many Imperfections Ye
to be Remedied The Express Com
paniee Were the Cause of an Im
perfect Bill Much Country Pro
dace Bent by Parcels Post A Good
Money Trust and a Bad Money
Trust Morgan Says Trusts Com
posed of Good Men!
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, Jan. 14, 1913.
On yesterday the Senate of the
United States voted to convict Judge
Archbald, of the United States Com?
merce Court, on the impeachment
charges filed against him by the
House of Representatives. , While it
was generally believed that he would
be convicted, nearly every one was
surprised at the overwhelming vote of
68 to 5. The Washington Times com
menting upon the conviction and up
on the overwhelming vote, says that
it is believed that some, who would
not have voted for conviction ordi
narily, did so because they feared the
proposition made by Colonel Roose
velt for the recall of judges and the
recall of judicial decisions, had made
such a deep Impression on the coun-4
try. The statement by-the Times is
so signified and important that we
give the following extract:
"Recall a Factor.
"It is Impossible to know ac
curately the motives of the dif
ferent Senators who voted on
the case. But it is much talked
about the Senate that the wide
spread sentiment the country
over for the recall of the judici
ary was a large factor.
- "Many conservative Senators
felt that to acquit Judge Arch
bald would mean the spread of
the recall movement at a rapid
rate.
"It is said that when they first
entered on the trial of the case, the
respondent and his counsel did not
believe he would be convicted.
But as the end of the trial came
near, they realized the strength
of the tide of feeling that had
set in in the Senate. Even at
that, they were not prepared for
the overwhelming vote, 68 to 5,
by which Judge Archbald was
adjudged guilty on the first
count of the thirteen articles."
There is much to the fact that
there is force in this statement. In
this connection it should be remem
bered that in the whole history of the
country there has heretofore been
only nine impeachment trials, includ
ing this one, and that of the former
eight trials there were only two con
victions, this making the third. It
has been suggested by persons who
have Investigated the other trials,
that Judge Archbald, who has just
been convicted, was not guilty of any
more offenses of an impeachable
character, than have been some oth
er parties who have been acquitted.
This has been pointed to by some of
the Progressives as a proof of the
wholesome influence of the position
taken by Colonel Roosevelt. Besides
it is believed that there would have
been many more impeachment trials,
had there not been a feeling that it
was practically impossible to convict
a person under impeachment proceed
ings, no matter how grave their of
fences might be.
Already there are a number of sug
gestions being made by the law-mr: ,
ers on Capitol Hill to the effect ,t
it is necessary to not only sir Jty
the methods of trying a judge 'nder
impeachment charges, but o the
grounds on which a judge Could be
removed from office, shod. ; be made
broader.
To-day more than one Congress
man has announced that he intends
to prepare and introduce, at an early
date, a bill for a Constituional
amendment providing for such need
ed reforms.
The Growth of the Parcels Post.
The Postoffice Department is not
only surprised but greatly gratified
at the wonderful popularity of the
parcels post system. The number of
packages of almost every kind which
have been sent by parcels post since
the inaugration of the system has ex
ceeded all expectations.
The friends of the parcel post meas
ure in Congress, are also surprised at
the great popularity of the system,
because those who most earnestly ad
vocated the establishment of the sys-
tm were vtry much dissatlsSed a!
the form is which lbs bill providing
for the system, was finally passed.
The Opposition of the Kxprewi Com
panies.
; la order to allay the intense op
position of the Express Companies it
was necessary for the friends of the
parcels post, in Congress, to agree to
modify the bill providing for such a
I system, in many Important respects.
The most serious concession, to get
the bill through, was to raise the
rates so high on parcels, sent by the
parcels post, as to nearly equal the
charges made by the express compa
nies for the same weight and dis
tances. The fact Is that onr parcels post
system, as now established. Is the
poorest in the world. In every other
country the rates are lower and the
weight and kind of packages permit
ted to be carried through the post
office are larger. In some countries
of Europe the rate is less than half
of that now charged in this country
and the weight of a single package
permitted to be carried is over a
hundred pounds, while under our
system no package can be carried
that weighs more than eleven pounds.
This gives a complete monopoly to
the Express Companies for all pack
ages over eleven pounds, and besides
as the law now stands in some cases
enables the express companies, at
their present rates to carry packages
cheaper than the post office can carry, j
1 The friends of parcels post, how-:
ever, agreed to these unjust provis
ions in the parcels post law, believ
ing that if once the system could be
established that then the people,
would demand of their Congressmen,;
many amendments that would make
the system more just and efficient. !
In spite of the above stated imper
fectlons in the parcels post system,
this writer knows of more than one
housekeeper in this city who has al-
.reaay arranged witn rarmers at a
distance of fifty miles or less from
J this city, to send to them on certain
days by the parcels post, one or more
dressed chickens; a dozen or more
chops, etc. Such arrangements we
are; informed have been made where
fthr parcels post rate on such articles
iche express rates.
. We learn from the Postoffice De
partment that housewives, hotel
keepers and people in nearly every
city of the country are making sim
ilar arrangements with the farmers
and wealth producers. This explains
the enormous growth of the business
of the parcels post in spite of its
many imperfections.
A Good Money Trust and a Bad Mon-
ey Trust.
A Mr. Baker, of New York, one of
the close and confidential advisers of
John Pierpont Morgan in his gigantic
banking and industrial operations has
just testified before the House Com
mittee appointed to investigate the
money trust.
He admitted that he and Mr. Mor
gan and a number of other leading
financiers In New York were directors
in many different banks and corpora
tion, having largely the same direc
tors. He further admitted that the
power held by these Board of Direc
tors of these various powerful banks
and industrial corporations, which j
also control most of the leading rail- j
road lines in America, had it in their j
power to concentrate a large part of j
the money and capital of the country ;
and create a squeeze or a panic when j
they saw fit; but he declared that he j
and his associates were "patriotic" j
and would not abuse their power,;
but that they would use it for thej
public good. In answer to a ques-j
tion, on cross examination, he ad-j
mitted that if the power which hej
and his associates had were in the
hands of bad and reckless men, that
they could create a bad and frightful
condition.
A prominent politician from the
West who had just read this testi
mony remarked that the people of
the United States should get to-night
on their knees and thank the "Heav
enly Father 'that our business salva
tion and the perpetuity of our gov
ernment were so firmly held in the
hands of "such angel patriots" as
Mr. Morgan and their associates.
Governor Kitchin's Pardons.
Raleigh Times.
Governor Kitchin during his term
granted about 1,200 pardons, a slight
increase over the number of his pre
decessors, but the percentage is prac
tically the same. There have been
more prisoners and consequently
more petitions. Governor Kitchin
has never given out the names ojf the
convicts refused clemency, but there
have been thousands of them.
Pin-Cushion Stuffing.
Finely ground dry coffee grounds
make a good filing for pin cushions.
"Home Department," National
Magazine for January.
WI1H THE LEGISLATORS
Sealer Stx&s btrWscej M &B-
bf let a Ccactkail
Ccavesiiea
FOR STATE WIDE PRIMARY
Dciilnger of 6to ItUrodecr Bill
for Compulsory Attendance in rub
lie Schools From fierest to Twelve
Veers Old Another BUI for a Six
Months School Term Justice In
trodoce Resolution Assists; the
General Aseexnbtj to free Con
gressmen to Work for Legislation
Remedying Freight Rates in Refer
ence to Long and Short Haul.
The most of the committees have
been appointed, the inauguration of
the new Governor is over and it has
been Intimated that the Legislature
may soon get down to business. Sev
eral bills have been introduced, but
none of State , Importance have yet'
been enacted into law. i
For Compulsory Kduratlun. j
I
Mr. Dillinger, of Gatton County. I
has introduced in the House a bill;
for compulsory attendane on the pub
lic schools throughout the State. The
ago limits are 7 to 12 years. Parents
wilfully failing or refusing to comply
will be guilty of a misdemeanor and
flf.ed fifty dollars or imprisoner thirty
days. The County Superintendent is
constituted educational inspector for
the enforcement of the act. He shall
receive reports from local school au
thorities as to children out of school
and can demand pay rolls of factories
to verify any reports made to him.
He can prosecute in magistrates'
court any parents, teacher, commit
teemen, officer of factory or other
person wilfully violating the act. The
same punishment is prescribed for
County Superintendents failing to
perform their duties.
Would Investigate Sale of Cape Fear
and Yadkin Valley Road.
'"Itepresentatlve Kellum. of New
Hanover, introduced in the House a
joint resolution to-day calling for an
investigation by the Corporation
Commission into the sale of the old
Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley Rail
road, Mount Airy to Wilmington, un
der the act of 1889 through receiv
er's sale, and its subsequent division
between the Southern and Atlantic
Coast Line. The Coast Line operates
Wilmington to Sanford and the
Southern Sanford to Mount Airy. The
resolution alleges that the division of
the road is in violation of the Sher
man anti-trust act. The Corporation
Commission is to report findings to
the Attorney-General, who is directed
to institute suit to break up the com
bination if grounds for such proceed
ings develop. The division of the
road is alleged to greatly hamper
service in that it used to be, with
through service freight Wilmintgon
to Mount Airy required only thirty
six hours, but now five days and long
er are required to get shipments
through either way. The allegation
is that the Atlantic and Yadkin Rail
road Company that bought the road
had no right to sell to the two roads
and break the chain of freight be
tween Mount Airy and Wilmington.
Juries From Other Counties.
Senator Bryant has introduced a
bill in regard to certain sections of
the Revisal of 1905 regarding jurors
in criminal cases. His bill provides
for summoning juries from other
counties instead of having to move
cases from one county to another.
A communication was read in the;
Senate from Secretary of State!
Graves, of Ohio, transmitting a joint!
resolution of the Legislature of that!
State urging Congress to define thej
law against polygamy as clearly asj
that against bigamy, and calling up-
on North Carolina's General Assem-;
bly for a similar resolution, with the
reminder that when two-thirds of the
States so act. Congress will take ac-j
tion. Resolution referred to Judici
ary No. 1.
Resolution by Mr. Justice,
A joint resolution of Representa
tive E. J. Justice, of Guilford, in
troduced In the House would have
the General Assembly express its
views on freight transportation in
equalities and urge the State's dele
gation in Congress to work for such
laws as will Improve conditions. In
the view of the General Assembly,
the resolution declares. Congress
should declare illegal a greater
charge of transportation of either
freight or passengers for a short
haul than for a long haul.
The resolution would have abolish
ed all discriminations and In addi
tion empower the Governor to em
ploy counsel to institute and prose
cute suits in this State to insure bet
ter and more equitable freight rates.
The isn of !.$ ts ai4 to he set
j aside for this parpoe.
The rto!tiaa was rftre4 t the
The tyimmrj HUL
Ths primary htU Utre4ac4 fey Mr.
Justice provides that a ute-l4
primary for the nomlnaiioa of all
State oSetrt. representative, ta
frees a4 ia the Geaeral AtaViy
and county and towaship oScers tail
be heid for all polltkal parties on
the same day, the first T4y la
Sptabr in each tlt-ctloa rear, ts
cept tfcs years of PresUtaUal
lions, when the primary ta to be held
on the first Tseeday la Jane. Called
States Senators also are to be nomi
nated ia such primary.
It further provide that each vott r
shall vote ta ths primary for both a
first sad a second choke as to Pre)
dsut and Vlee-Prealdtst aa4 Gover
nor, and that the electors are bound
by the results of the primary; that
all acts made criminal if committed
In connection with lb general flec
tion shall be criminal If committed ta
connection with the primary, and that
the sam punishment shall prevail.
The bill requires that each voter
mho participates In the primary shall
state under oath with what political
party he affiliates.
A "corrupt practices" bill Intro
duced by Mr. Justice In connection
with the primary bill makes It a mis
demeanor to bet or wscer anything of
value on an election; "to directly or
indirectly discbarge or threaten to
discharge from employment or other
wise intimidate or oppress any legal
ly qualified voter on account of any
vote such voter may cast, or consider
casting, or Intend to cast or not to
cast, or which he may have failed to
cast"; to directly or indirectly spend
or contribute any money or other
thing of value to aid In the campaign
for any office in a primary or in a
general election un?ess the same be
reported Immediately to such candi
date, that it may be Included in hit
reports of receipts and expenses as
required by law, which report must
be m&de under oath; for a candidate
to tpsnd or assent to the expenditure
of more than 50 per cent of what the
annua salary would be in the office
to which he aspires, except that can
didates for Governor and United,
States Senator may not spend or al
low to be spent an amount greater
than the annual salary of tbe office
to whicb they aspire.
Electoral College Meets in the Senate
The electoral college of North Car
olina met in the hall of the Senate
Monday and declared that the twelve
votes of this State were cast for
Woodrow Wilson for President and
Thos. R. Marshall for Vice-President.
A messenger will be sent to Washing
ton on tbe second Wednesday in
February and present the vote to the
President of the United States Sen
ate. The formality of ratifying the elec
tion of the State officers was gone
through with by the General Assem
bly in joint session Tuesday at noon,
the Senators moving over to the
house. The vote for governor was:
Lock Craig, 149.925; Thomas Settle.
43,624; Iredell Meares. 49,410.
To Pull Mileage n Trains.
Representative Stewart, of Meck
lenburg, introduced three bills of
genersl Interest: One to prevent bas
ing, one to prevent tipping, and one
to compel the railroads to accept
mileage on trains Instead of requir
ing passengers to exchange their
mileage for tickets.
Mr. Plummer's anti-tipping bill
makes it a misdemeanor to give or
receive a tjp and makes the employer
of porters, wallers, etc., guilty of a
misdemeanor if they allow their help
to receive tips; and the receiving of
a tip by an employe in a hotel or
other place of this kind is made
prima facie evidence that It Is done
with the proprietor's knowledge.
For ConOJtatkmal Convention.
Senator Stubbs. of Msrtia, has in
troduced a bill to submit to the vot
ers of the State, at the general elec
tion in 1914, the proposition of "con
vention" or "no convention." to re
vise or amend the State constitution,
and providing machinery for elect
ing delegates and holding the conven
tion. Senator Lovlngood. of Haywood,
has introduced a bill to authorize the
State Corporation Commission to
make power, light and such corpora
tions furnishing light, beat, or power,
for pay, under tbe control of the
State Corporation Commission.
In the House Tuesday, Ray of Ma
con, presented a resolution from the
Committee on Constitutional Amend
ments asking the House to empower
the committee to Investigate the need
of amending the constitution and the
methods that should be employed In
regard to amending the tax laws;
and also to determine whether or not
a constitutional convention or a spe
cial session of the Legislature should
be called.
Mr. Kellum asked it the commit
tee desired authority to examine in
(Continued oa pags 5.)
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