North Carolina Newspapers

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"VOL. XXXI,
RALEIGH, M. C, THURSDAY, JANUARY 30f 1013,
C A UC ASIAN,
1
EDITORIAL BRIEFS
The State doesn't need any more
Democratic lawyers that need Jobs.
The people may not have their
truest representatives In Raleigh, but
Jhe trusts Jiave.
The Legislature is doing some bus
iness.. During the past week they
have put some more clerics on the
pay-roll at $4.00 a day.
, Governor Miller, of Delaware, has
appointed his son to be Secretary of
State with a salary of $4,000 a year.
Nothing like keeping all the money in
the family.
The State deblJ, could be reduced
considerably If the "Legislature would
only agree not . to meet agaln;in five
or six years. . The Legislature' one
of the State's most expensive luxu
ries r-
It is claimed that the new anti
trust bill whicTi has passed the House
gives the Attorney-General all sorts
of power to enforce the law. Still no
provision is made to force the Attorney-General
to enforce the law.
Of course, if the- Superior Court
- f . - .
Judges are going to adjourn court to
attend all the Democratic conven
tions and baseball games, then we
need more Judges. That is to fill the
places of some already on the bench.
When the new Democratic admin
istration goes In the Charlotte Chron-
icle wants "corn-bread established as
the National diet. Are not you going
to furnish a little soup to go. with the
bread? Even Cleveland did that
well.
The Statesville Landmark thinks
certain judges should be required to
stay in their own districts just as a
, ,;. punishment to the districts responsi
ble for their being on the bench. No
doubt punishment should be meted
out to them in some way.
The House Committee has reported
favorably on Representative Kellum's
bill to restore local self-government
to New Hanover County. Why did
Representative Kellum wish to ap
pear so selfish with his bill; why
didn't he have it apply to the whole
State?
In trying to explain the large deficit
in the State's treasury the Democrats
claim a good amount has been spent
for education. Well, if it was, it
doesn't seem to have done much good
as North Carolina is now next to the
bottom of the State's in the Union in
educational progress.
When the minstrel parade passed
the capital building Monday legisla
tive proceedings were practically sus
pended for the time. The Raleigh
Times noting this fact, says that
about 1870 the Legislature adjourn
ed to see a circus parade and attend
ed the performance practically in a
body. However, this Legislature
should never have to adjourn for
any suck cause, as they have a two
ring circus of their own.
One paper states that when ex
Governor Glenn was asked a few
days ago if he would be a candidate
for the United States Senate he stated
he had not yet made up his mind. He
Is probably waiting until the people
will make up their minds to call him
for this duty, and in the meantime
Glenn is in Washington to see if he
can find a vacant seat around the
boards of the Inter-State Commerce
Commission.
The Spectacle of Spoils, a drama
now playing in the United States Sen
ate, is likely to hold the boards for
the remainder of the Senate's season
engagement. This is a drama where
in pursuit of pie ami success in se
curing it is considered the highest
standard of excellence. The play is
of Democratic authorship with the
Democratic Bird in the leading role.
The play goes well till the final act,
when the Bird Is made to unmask
and is discovered by the audience to
be not the stately and dignified
American eagle, but rather the com
moner and more ordinary vulture.
FEDERAL IMPEACHMENTS.
The Trial of Judge Archbald Make a
Total of Xine In the History of the
Nation Only Two Convictions.
The recent conviction and
Im-
peachment of Judge Archbald calls to
mind the murder of Federal Impeach
ment trials In the history of this na
tion. There have been nine in all and
only two convictions. Here are the
persons and dates:
William Blount, Senator from Ten
nessee, July 7, 1797, for conspiring
tn THava n.-nr i- f H Cniln in fisnr tt
Great Dritain. to excite the Chero-i'
kee Indians against Spain, and to cre
ate disaffection among, the Indians
toward the United States, acquitted.
John Pickering, Judge of the Dis
trict Court of the United States, for
the District of New Hampshire, 1803,
for drunkenness and disregard of the
terms of the statutes. He was found
guilty and removed from office.
Samuel Chase, Associate Justice of
the Supreme Court of the United
States, 1804, for misconduct of trials
of persons charged with breach of the
sedition law.t He was acquitted.
James Heck, Judge of the District
Court of the United States for-the'vous condition as to what position,
District of Missouri, 1830,. for tyran
nous treatment of consul. Acquit
ted. West H. Humphreys, Judge of the
District Court of the United States
for the District of Tennessee, 1862,
for supporting the secession move
and unlawfully acting as Judge of
the Confederate District Court. Guil
ty and removed from office. .
Andrew Johnson, President of the
United States, 1868 for usurpation of
the law, corrupt use of the veto pow
er; interference at elections and high
crimes and misdemeanors. Acquit
ted. 'Charles Swayne, Judge of the Dis
trict Court of the United States for
the District of Florida, 1905, miscon
duct in office. Acquitted.
Robert W. Archbald, Associate
Judge of the Commerce Court. Full
particulars of this case have been ap
pearing in the press the past few
days. Convicted. Union Republi
can. Some Judges Could Render the State
a Great Service by Resigning.
Statesville Landmark. 1
Judge Peebles held court in Greens
boro last week and the Greensboro
News says of his work:
"In no term of Guilford court in
recent years has criticism been bo
pronounced, against a North Carolina
judge as against Judge Peebles, this
criticism finding its origin chiefly in
the bar, and being caused by both
the slow movement of the court and
by the alleged discourteous treat
ment of the members of the bar by
the judge."
Unpopularity with lawyers does
not always mean that a judge has
failed of his duty, but according to
the News Judge Peebles was not only
disagreeable to the lawyers but he
got little work done.
As a matter of fact, there are about
a half-dozen Superior Court judges
in North Carolina who could render
the State the greatest service of
their lives by resigning. To para
phrase another, nothing they have
ever done on the bench at least
would so become them as quitting it.
"We're naming o' no names," but
if we were crowded to the wall we
could call some. Would to heaven
these judges could be kept in their
own districts all the time as just and
merited punishment to the people
who foisted them on the State.
Australian Ballot.
Shelby Highlander.
The strong and forceful article
from the pen of J. W. Bailey in the
News and Observer, Sunday, named,
among other progressive measures
that this State Legislature should
pass, the Australian ballot.
There is every reason to believe
that this ballot will be adopted.
We are late in doing it twenty
five years behind the times.
Every Northern and Western State
has adopted that form of ballot, as
have also the following Southern
States :
Texas, Louisiana, Florida, Oklaho
ma, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Vir
ginia, and Maryland.
Even benighted New Mexico the
land of the Greasers, the ONLY State
in the Union below North Carolina In
illiteracy, according to Governmental
statistics has had the Australian
ballot for its territorial elections for
many years.
Parcel Post Loads Down Mountain
Mail Carriers.
Boone Democrat. '
The R. F. D. carriers as well as
the carriers of the mails on the star
route in this mountain section, seem
to be "up against it" since the parcel
post came into effect. We are told
that one mail up from Lenoxr to
Blowing Rock last week weighed 1,
400 pounds.
WOTCHNAGES FRONT
His Radical Change of Position bat
Thrown Many Democrat Into a
State of Political Panic
A PLAY TO THE GALLERIES
Colonel Roosevelt's Remarkable Vote
-CauMl Mr. Wilson to Strike for
the Midd,e of thc oad Monopoly
Democrats, However, Are More
Interested in Making Up Wilson's
Cabinet for Him Democrats Wor
ried About the Facilities for Get
ting to the Pie Counter and Want
Wilson to Rescind Taft's Civil Ser
vice Orders.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, Jan. 28, 1813.
The Democratic leaders In both the
House and Senate are in rather a ner-
t-resiaent-eiect wnson win tane on
great economic questions when he be-!
comes President.
Worry About the Pie Counter.
They have for months been very speech and utterance from the Gover-i t0 the Federal Constitution was rati
much exercised and annoyed at the nor during the last two months andifiei Dy the Senate and House. No
position that he might take on the
distribution of Federal patronage, gressive, not to say radical. He is
They have beeri .so inuch exercised now declaring that every trust and
about this matter that they have act- monopoly in the country should be
ually appointed an Official Commit- robbed of its power and put under
tee known as the "Committee on Pat- the control of the Government, and
ronage," the chief purpose behnid that the individual and independent
this movement was to try to get Pres- enterprises should not be left to the
ident-elect Wilson to agree to rescind mercy of competition with these all
the civil service orders of his prede- powerful combinations. These after
cessors, which took more than 30,000 election declarations on the part of
appointments from the public pie Governor Wilson have frightened the
counter and placed them under the heads of the great trusts, including
protection of the civil service. j the 4 money trust and has caused a
w ..... , . demoralization of prices on the Wall
Worry About Wilson's Present Tosi-' street Exchange.
tion. j
' Wilson's Play to the Galleries.
When Governor Wilson was a can- -
didate for the nomination before the". There is a growing feeling in Wall
Baltimore Convention, he was very Street,' that Governor Wilson, after
evasive and non-committal as to his studying the election returns, has de
position on the currency, trust and elded to change front and play to the
other great economic questions.- Af- kulleris. Tt is not uncommon to
ter his unexpected and accidental hear the expression from those who
nomination at Baltimore, he appar- have been concerned and exercised at
ently attempted to allay the fears of nis latest expression, saying that he
the great capitalistic interests by.is trying to out Roosevelt and be
laying a vast deal of nothing." Ev- come the real Progressive leader of
ery one will remember, and by refer- the country.
ence to the files of the daily news-' f course, the assertion is fre
papers can verify, the fact that he Quently made in this connection, that
said time and time again that he was he intends to repudiate the plank put
not bound by the expressions of the in the Baltimore platform by Mr.
Baltimore platform, which was a gen
eral statement of principles, but that;
he would formulate his own concrete
program for legislation during his ad-
ministration, if elected. He further;
declared in numerous speeches that1
he thought that too much legislation
to control and interfere with private
interests was undesirable, and that
dmf tLr G
ITZ't
These kinds of pmrpwinim wure nf
.iiiese Kinus oi expressions were, OIj
course, most pleasing to the heads of
the great trusts and money combines,
and were played up in their subsi
dized newspapers in the front page, ;
and strongly commented in leading
editorials.
A Million Republican Votes for Wil
son. This attitude taken by Governor
Wilson during the campaign brought
to his support, some, if not al, the
powerful monoply interests in the
country. It is well known in every
community that a large number of
the monopoly and standpat Republi
cans, who were really for Taft's re
election, but who, realizing he could
not be re-elected, voted for Wilson.
Indeed only a few days ago, in a
speech in New York, in trying to ex
plain the small vote which he re
ceived, President Taft stated that
over a million Republicans who were
for him and the standpat Republican
policy had voted for Wilson, in order
to defeat Roosevelt. It is known, that
orders went from the Taft headquar-
COLONEL ROOSEVELT DEFINES PROGRES
SIVE POSITION ON TARIFF : FOR
PROTECTION, AGAINST EXTORTION
- In the matter of the tariff, we stand for protection and against ex
tbrtion. We believe it is as wrong to make the tariff improperly high as
to make it improperly low. We hold that the only safe course to pursue
is to find out the exact facts, through a permanent, non-partisan commis
sion of experts, and with these facts before us to provide protection ade
quate to equalize conditions of competition between this people and for
eign nations, both for the farmer and the manufacturer, in such fashion
that we shall maintain for labor an adequate standard of living. We hold,
as our platform has said, that the Republican Payne-Aldrich tariff bill was
unjust, and that the Democratic program of a tariff for revenue only, If
honestly adhered to, would Inevitably produce the most widespread Indus
trial and commercial disaster.
ten during the last campaign, that la
every doubtful State and district lai
the country, that the Taft Republi
can should Tote for WUon.
Roosevelt's Remarkable Vole.
Ia lew of these fact, the rote re
ceived by Colonel Roosevelt in the
last election, as compared to the vote
received by Wilson and Taft. is truly
remarkable. If Governor Wilson had
received the normal Democratic ote '
and had received none of the Taft
Republican votes, he would, of course,
received a greater vote than that!
cast for Bryan; In any one of bis j
three campaign as a Democratic nom-'
inee for President. The fact, how- j
ever, I that Wilson, though elected?
President on account of the Republi-j
can split, yet received a smaller votej
tb til Bryan received in any one of his?
three campaigns, and indeed a small- j
er vote than any candidate for Pres-!
Ident has received in the last twenty j
years, and this is true in spite of the
fact that he got, as President Taft'
says, over a million Taft Republican
votes. '
Wilson's Change of Front.
governor wnson lias no aoubt pon-j
dered seriously over these significant J
iacis. At any rate. Governor Wil-
son's radical change of position since
j the election has necessarily attracted!
j me attention or every thinking maniand LaFollette to address the House
tand woman in the country. Every! faiiPd ta naaa. The 1 7th amendment
more, has grown more and more pro-
Bryan in favor of a one-term Presi
dent, and that he intends to be a
candidate for a second term.
Democratic Leaders Puzzled and
Worried.
An OI tnis nas or course, kept the;
! democratic political leaders here puz-
.' z,ed and worried, and indeed some of
Busman who are here as special rep-;
reseniauves or tne special interests
. .. . . .
are ot course excited, for fear that'
President Wilson will become a real;
Progressive. Also those who want to
go in his Cabinet or those who have!
been grooming certain friends to go!
into his Cabinet, are also excited.
Their nightmare is, that the last mo
ment he may announce a Cabinet of
sincere and intelligent Progressives
from top to bottom. Of course, they
take some comfort from the fact that
' af ter his nomination at Baltimore he
was induced not to make any fight
against the monopoly bosses of the
Democratic party if any State except!
his own State of New Jerey. In that I
State he had been forced to fight the!
State boss ex-Senator Jim Smith!
and his machine in order to become
Governor. During the campaign,
however, he agreed to recognize, or
at least not disturb, the plans of
similar bosses (including the Suther
land machine in Illinois, and the Sim
mons machine in North Carolina) In
any State. The result of this agree
ment is that Governor Wilson, even if
(Continued on page 5.)
WITH THE LEGISLATORS
Jtuiice Anti-Trust Bill Passes the
House and Sent to the
Senate
i CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS
Several are Xo lining tVmidered by
the I jegilat ure JutJce Iam-
Second Resolution to Invite I If"? an.
WiUon and Ial'ollrtte to Addrrmi
the Hooe on Initiative and Refer
endum Some Stormy Scene in
the House 17th Amendment to
Federal Constitution Is Ratified by
the krfUture- AnU-TtppinK Rill
Causes Ieble. I
The anti-trust bill, which its
thor claims has "teeth, handcuffs and
warrant, passed the House Tuesday ;
without much ooDosltlon. and was
sent to the Senate. A resolution was'
introduced in the' House to pay the!
expenses of Confederate veterans to j
Gettvsbure. The second resolution bv I
Mr justice to Invite Bryan, WiUon
measures of great importance have
yet been enacted into law.
Thursday.
Justice, In discussing his joint res
olution declaring the position of the
North Carolina Legislature in de
nouncing and resisting discrimina
tory interstate freight rate put on
North Carolina cities compared with
ed railroad companies that if they ;
persisted in these discriminations
they may expect retaliatory legisla
tion and predicted that it might come
at this session.
He suggested that it is possible to
annul the lease of the North Caro
lina Railroad and a number of other
things might be done. His resolution
which was reported favorably from
the Committee on Public service Cor
porations, has to g to the Commit
tee on Appropriations, because it car
ries a $50,000 appropriation for the
Governor to begin suits concurrent
ly with the Corporation Commission.
The Justice resolution for the
House to invite W. J. Bryan, Wood
row Wilson and R. M. LaFollette to
address the members of the House on
initiative and referendum, in spite
of the fact that the Senate voted
down his joint resolution to that ef-l
feet, went down in defeat Thursday i
in the House, after the stormiest de-j
i bate of the session, opposition to the;
measure making it clear, as did the;
' not the nersonalltr!
Tntenaed he Ined thir
fj l be inited that j
When teolution came upasj
Yu s To n I
. t, .., . " -;
resolution I rvan. Wilson and Under-
, . " ;
" T , " ? , v'a.
they desired, instead of
ieaiunng
initiative and referendum.
. "e i"si!ledl at H ZM do to I
i invite LaFollette and pay him the
high tribute of the Justice resolution j
along with Wilson and Bryan. It
would be Republican
campaign lit-
erature later.
Mr. Reavis, Republican, offered an
amendment to the Justice resolution
that Colonel Roosevelt be invited in
stead of LaFollette, and Insisted that
no politics should enter
movements for proposing
into the
;
constit
tional amendments.
Mr. Justice urged his House bill,
insisting that he did not care to have
this matter thrust on the Senate. He
pleaded that to refuse to invite La
Follette would be to display narrow
ness. Mr. Doughton criticised severely
the unfairness of coupling an invita
tion for Bryan and Wilson to speak
with that of contenancing the initia
tive and referendum. He wanted
nothing of it.
Speaker Connor criticized Mr. Jus
tive for attempting to force the
House to vote its sentiment on initia
tive and referendum at this time with
invitations to great Democratic lead
ers as a rider.
After much heated discussion the
Legislature decided no one could In-
iorm me hi as 10 me lniuauve ana
referendum and the resolution was
m ii . a l ii.i.f at
killed.
After hearing from railroad attor
neys on one side and locomotive en
gineers on the other, the Senate Com
mittee on Judiciary No. 2 and the
House Committee on Judiciary No. 1,
voting separately decided unanimous
ly to report favorably the employers
liability bill, introduced in the Senate
by Bryant, of Durham, and in the
House by Kellum, of New Hanover.
There are penalties for failably the
bill offered in the House by Williams,
of Buncombe, for vital statistics. It
reuires the appointment of township
rcitrr to record Mrtas ae4
death, a 4 retires reports of tbe
; to royRty regie? f !! a4
itate Hoard of Health TSr ar
tr.a2t5e for fallst el s!ylt,ai ta
EjaKe rrjorts tn rlt rr as 4 for
recutrsr to fail fa thir dU..
Senator Tbosnat bill to rrl&?t
' tb kep!cg of lijsor la or arose 4
t tobacco ware ho us for lb purpose
of away s frrr4 to ih
Judiciary Committee.
KriiUy.
The IIoum Friday toted to adopt
the joint resolution whir a bad aJ
ready pae4 the Senate to ratify !
seventeenth amendment to Us Fed
eral constitution providing for the
election of Tntted States Senators by
direc vole of the people.
T'je Justice joint resolution t
pressing the views of the General As
sembly on the questioe of freight
rates discriminatory to North Car-
,ina w P1 its third reading
and sent to the Senate. The resold
au-!tlon requests Congress to enact laws
j that w ill give relief to North Carolina
m tt?e matter of freight rstes that
discriminate arainst the State in fa
vor of other State.
The hum adopted a resolution
memorializing Congress to pass tha
Webb-Ken von-Shenherd IJauor bill.
which Is now pending In Congress
j The Williams resolution to lavit
Messrs. Wilson. Ilryan and Under
; wood to address the General Asscm
i bly was not mentioned In the House.
Following the lengthy debate In
the Senate, the bill by Senator Jones
to repeal the law limiting the borrow-
Ing capacity of building and loan as
j sociatlons to 25 per cent of their as
J sets was passed, after it had been
I amended to place the limit at 50 per
' cent.
! In the Senate and the House a bill
j was Introduced to provide a six
; months' term In ail the public schools
b"t no mean, were provided by which
it could be done.
In the Senate other bills of gen
eral interest were introduced as fol
lows: By Senator McLean, to consol
idate the A. and M. College and the
Department of Agriculture; by Sena
tor Jones, to allow citizens to sue city
and county commissioners for illegal
allowance to officeholders; by Sena
tor Daniel, to erect a new. building ,
for the Department' of Agriculture,
and by Senator Daniel, to provide
uniform bills of lading.
Representative Pace's bill to re
quire county officers whose remuner
ation is derived from fees to file re
ports annually with the county com
missioners passed the House after it
had been so amended as to apply only
to about twenty-five counties, which
were included by action of their re-
j speotive representatives.
Considerable time was consumed
in the House in debating the bill by
Representative Slkes to punish those
tt'hn malfp fnlsa Ktatnmonfa In trAr
Q obtan d. QT The b
Pa8ed Ht 8eCnd readln,? nd Se
OVer UnlU nXt Fr,dajr fT flnal Ctlon
by the House.
Saturday.
"
p"ru wuuu reaumg raiuraaj in
.... .. , .
oue proviaing mat it snau be
misdeameanor punishable by 50
fine an(j 30 dayB- JmprUonment.at the
discretion of the court, for any per-
on to be guilty of either giving or
receiving a tlD or for an emDloTer to
be a party to any tlpp,n(f( through
agreement that employes shall be
permitted to receive tips.
Some adverse sentiment was mani
fested along with levity over the
measure and its scope, but Mr. Stew
art insisted that the situation in this
State is really very serious. That it
ha enmo tn mm fl mmA
- w f MW AUVi iM
the average waiter and twenty-five
and fifty cents are minimum tips that
win favor. A waiter had recently
thrown him back a ftve cent Up with
distinct manifestation of Indignation.
One 3 Ian Clog the Legislative
Whsels.
Among bills passed final reading
were: To consolidate Winston and
Salem; authorize the construction of
Watauga Railroad through Watauga
and Ashe counties as part of the
Carolina Virginia Railroad.
Just before adjournment Saturday
the House found Itself confronted
with the condition that there being
no private or local public bills on the
calendar, there was nothing that
could be done further Saturday or
I Monday, owing to a motion by Jus-
jute, ui uuiuora, aaopiea teat no
; public bills be considered during his
ftc. m , I . . . . . .
absence Saturday and Monday .Mem
bers of the House Insisted that they
had not Intended to vote any snch mo
tion Friday, their understanding be
ing that merely none of tht bills in
troduced by Justice or in which he
was specially Interested should be
considered.
Mr. Doughton declared that it
would be unprecedented for public
business of the Legislature to stop
for two days because of the absence
of a particular member. The House
then reconsidered the Justice motion
(Continued on page 5.)
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