RALEIGH, IV. C, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1013.
Many of the Democrats have put on
a new coat of whitewash, and now
everybody Is a progressive
An army of Democrats are In Wash
ington trying to shake the plum trec.i
and it hasn't even bloomed yet. I
The whole country la more pros-j
unuuB man cvei uciuic, jci iuci
Democratic machine. has succeeded In (
bankrupting our great State. !
Senator Tillman wants better ven-j
tllatlon In the Senate Chamber in i
Washington. He is probably antici-j
A press dispatch announces that
Mr. Wilson is not worrying. He may
not be, but there are thousands of
Democratic office-seekers who are
Is the mortgage which Simmons!
...... .. .
nlar.ed on the Stat in favor of the
otw, mnnnnu0 oHii
, r; V 'u""1"Jha3Va8t,ym0rethanvlndIcatedth0Se rvice who has shown exceptional
The action of this Legislature will , pioneer advocates who had suffered i ability and qualifications for his posi
show. the slings and arrows always ready tion.
Those Democratic leaders who
thought their followers were work
ing for the love they had for the par
ty now have another thought com
ing their way.
The Democrats in Congress are j
wondering who will be the man toj
speak for Mr. Wilson during his ad
ministration. Mr. Bryan has not left
the country yet.
The Democrats claim they want
the Filipinos to have self-government,
but at the same time they are not
willing for the people here at home
to rule themselves.
President Wilson says there will
be an "open door" to his office when
he" takes up his duties at the White
House. However, the open one will
probably be the back door.
Senator Simmons, a friend of the
lumber trusts, and of other trusts,
who has heretofore been known as a
reactionary Democrat, now says that
he is a Progressive.
When Mr. Wilson declared he
would not be bound by the Democrat
tic platform, but would work out his
own policies, he probably had in mind
the fact that Mr. Bryan had inserted
in that platform a plank binding Mr.
Wilson to accept only one term.
The whole Democratic administra
tion at Washintgon will have a good
excuse for not carrying out pledges
they made in their last national plat
form. They can show that the ma
jority of the people voetd to repudiate
this platform and also to repudiate
their candidate for President.
A bill has been introduced in the
Legislature requiring that bees must
be kept at least one hundred yards
from the roads in Pender County.
If that , bill becomes a law it will be
necessary to appoint several bee
policemen in Pender to see that these
animals do not overstep the law.
Mr. Wilson is not sure what recom
mendations he will make to special
sessions of Congress, and Congress
is not sure what policy it will pur
sue. However, before the campaign
Wilson and the Democratic Congress
knew to a certainty what the country
.needed, and how to secure it. What
Governor Wilson has announced
that he will not appoint to his Cabi
net small men to pay off political
debts, but that he will look for the
biggest and best qualified men in the
whole country for these Important
pioneers. If he sticks to this, it looks
bad for Josephus Daniels.
A press dispatch states that some
hoys have found some very old whis
key on Roanoke Island that was
probably left there hjjr the early set
tlers, and the whiskey now could not
he bought for $50 a bottle. Wonder
if it is as good as the old rich whis
Icey which the News and Observer
once praised so highly?
COUNTRY AT LAST WAKING UP. I
It Took Twenty Years for the Coun
try Ifam That PopulKt Doc-!
trine Was Sound and Progressive,
Washington Times.) j
It took more than twenty years of !
persistent agitation to get a pure food I
When it was a year old.
nobodv thought of changing it. ex- j
cept to make It more rigorous. j
Nineteen years of
i emasculation ny courts ana antaK-i
i . t . . :
, . i . . ., .
trttam r 1 1 r.i ic i 1 1 1 .-. .- f II f. ... J i
the passage of the first interstate!
commerce law. Then, in 1S06, a!
vigorous Executive extorted from an '
unwilling Congress amendments that!
made regulation regulate. The for-'
5rd movement was denounced as an ;
effort to destroy the railroads. It
I o- - r
ous, more Independent than ever be
fore. When Federal meat inspection was
proposed it was assaulted as an effort
to destroy one of the greatest indus
tries. Ignorance and selfishness I
united to fight it. It won, and now j
none would dare oppose it. j
A r At 1 . m . 1
;x Keueiauou mm more oi agita -
tion preceded creation of the parcel !
111 ,CDa ltiau iron, uk
post, in less than a month fro
establishment its stupendous success
ior me cranK ana tne extremist";
with an idea.
Int TZl rvo I tmot Ar I ir --ij-k-F-tj-.
.v.,.. h-- ic-cmuu.co ,
i the lesson so often read. It points'
the certainty of victory for other j
lueas mat are ngnt. Popular elec-:
non or senators could not get out ot
a senatorial pigeonhole for half a
century. It was venomously at
tacked as an insiduous plan to wreck
our precious system or govern
ment. But popular election of Senators
has at last been submitted, and in
dications are that every State Legis
lature in the Nation will ratify it!
Initiative and referendum were
heresy, populism, anarchy, when
first proposed. But today they are
the cornerstone of the best govern
ments in the land, and certain of
nation-wide adoption in the near fu
ture. . . .
Today, they are talking on Capitol
Hill of the need for a constitutional
convention to reorganize the funda
mental law of the land; to modern
ize it, to bring it within the era that
has given us steam, electricity and
modern organization of industry.
Who can be sure that another five l
years will pass without that great
convention of the State calling to
gether a sanhedrim of the best lead
ership, brains and patriotism of this
Nation, to give us a twentieth cen
tury system of government? It is
certain to come.
ItEACIIKI) "SQUEEZING" STAGE.
Congress Will Have to Crowd Two
Years' Legislation Into Three
Weeks' Work Democrats Absorb
ed With Pie.
A Washington dispatch of Satur
"Congress has reached the 'squeez
ing' stage of the session. Important
legislation that has accumulated dur
ing the last two years must be crowd
ed into the work of the next three
weeks and must take its chances of
success in the jam of appropriation
bills still to be considered. Active
managers of the two Houses, who
bear the responsibility of 'getting
things' through, consequently are
wearing troubled looks and wonder
ing how much actual business can be
transacted in the few remaining
working days before March 4.
"It is not an unusual situation at
the end of a short session, but expe
rience of former years apparently has
had little influence on the handling
of the big supply measures this ses
sion, there remaining to be consider
ed appropriations for nearly a billion
dollars' worth of public expenditures.
"Democratic leaders in the House
and Senate are absorbed in questions
of party control, patronage, tariff,
currency and general legislative
plans for the opening days of the
Two Editors That Should Get Re
ligion. One use of Lent is to prepare for
spring weddings. Greensboro News.
And another is to allow the society
women to get a little rest from the
club meetings and other social af
fairs. Statesville Landmark.
The editors of the Greensboro
News and Statesville Landmark
should make a desperate effort to get
religion so they can see things in
their right light.
Local Self-Government Would Save
State Lot of Trouble and Expense.
If the Legislature would pass a
law permitting the counties to run
their own affairs it would save lots of
the time of future legislative bodies.
FAVORS CIVIL SERVICE
D f -
realt WllSOQ S oUtcmCRt That
he Will Sustain Civil Service
DEMOCRATS ARE CONFOUNDED
1 1 .... I 1 If i r 1 .
mnr nunicoi ranj
Workers Are to be Rewarded Un
less Mr. Wilson 1U 'axes Many
Int(xrtant Kvents But Pie Counter
of Chief Interest to Democrat
United States Sends Warships to
Mexico and May Land Troops in
Mexico City to Protect Americans.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, Feb. 11. 1913.
Word reached the capltol yesterday
from Trenton or Princeton that Pres-
jdent Wilson had decided
sustain the civil service la
not only toj
w, and pro-'
tect all persons who are now under
the civil service, but that he intended
to go a sten farther and keen n
fice every man. not under the civil!
it is upwIImr m mv thatthia r. '
port has caused the wildest conster-,
. . . i
nation amone tne Democratic on i-
tinlsns horp and ain amnnf tho nom.'
I - " - " " r v.
ocratic Congressmen, every one of
whom had an immense army of nun-
gry office-seekers at home, with some
of them already camping here at
Many Important Kvents of World
The people of the national capital,
not only at the White House and in
the halls of Congress, but also at the
hotels and over the whole city have
to-day been discussing, with unusual
interest, the terrible calamity of the
loss of Captain Scott and his party
in the Antartic circle after they had j has been a failure, so far as this ses
reached the Pole and found tlje flag;sion is concerned. The bill, as the
ana nut of Captain Ronald Arrr.-nd-
sen, who had been there a month or
more before their arrival. The bod
ies of Captain Scott and the mem
bers of his party were found frozen in
the ice, but on their bodies were the
records of their trip to the Pole and
what they saw there.
Next in order of importance is the
remarkable turn taken in the revolu
tion in Mexico right at our border.
The Madero Government, which was turn on the calendar.
MEXICO IN THROES OF REVOLUTION
HEAVY FIGHTING IN STREETS OF CAPITAL
Felix Diaz Released From Prison and Leads the Rebels in Bloody
Charge Estimated That 1,000 Persons Were Killed in Tuesday's
Battle Three Americans Known to Have Been Wounded by Stray
Bullets Uncle Sam Sends Warships to Mexican Border.
Mexico City, Feb. 9. The army,
which is in revolt in Mexico City, took
possession of the public buildings,
shot down Federal adherents in the
street, released General Felix Diaz,
leader of the Vera Cruz revolt, from
prison and, falling into line under his
banner, practically captured the Mex
Francisco Madero, President of the
Republic, and members of his Cabi
net, took refuge in the National Pal
ace, where they were besieged, but,
with some royal troops at their backs,
succeeded in defending the Palace
from the assaults of the revolution
General Diaz, who is the nephew
of the deposed President, Porfirio
Diaz, is now at tne neaa or a major- rumaies oi ine casualties run as blizzard which overwhelmed them,
ity of the capital troops, including high as one thousand, although ac- The last part of Scott's message im
most of the artillery, and is in poses-, curate information cannot be obtain-: piored the British nation to care for
sion of the arsenal in the city and the ed at this time. The dead certainly those who were dependent on the vic
powder works nearby. I will be counted by the hundreds. tjRls. His dying appeal has had an
The day was marked by four sepa-; Foreign residents for the most .. electric effect through the British
rate engagements, the most sanguin- part kept under cover, but three 1 Umpire, and steps were immediately
ary of which took place in front of Americans are known to have suffer-; taken to make comfortable the future
the National Palace. But the most
l important was that which terminated
in the artillery barracks.
It is believed that not less than
200 people were killed in the fighting.'
Among the number was General Ber-1
Reyes, a strong adherent of'
io Diaz, and ex-Secretary of,
The mutinous troops were led by
students of the military school at
Tlalpam, a suburb. They marched to
the prison to which General Felix
Diaz had been transferred for safe
keeping and released him. General
Bernardo Reyes was also freed from
the Santiago military prison, there
being no resistance in either quarter.
At 8:30 o'clock, the first encoun
ter with loyal troops occurred in
front of the National Palace, and
General Reyes, whose long record as
an army officer, was broken little
more than a year ago by a farcical
revolt, wa3 instantly killed by a bul
let through the head.
established a the result of a rctolu-
tion let by Madero. again! Prri-
dent iMax, seems to be on the e Ice of to-oay ta uffnt. Sa the tr!5-f of
being overthrown by the new rrtolu- .v-nor Be Ijr lUrrx aad the d'.piomt
tion haded by General Dial, a r;ep-,tic rrpreM-ntatUe. to wrrni a fur
htw of the former President. The th-r attempt to prt-vrst another t4t
danger to American and KuroiH-an tie within tht city.
citizens and their property has be- S nor I -a ilarra iw-nt raeAjr
coae fo imminent that several Amer- to President Mdro oTrtns la t:?
Scan battleships have been ordered to his servict tn an Sort to brlut
the M-ene and it looks as if armed in- about peart
tervention In Mexico, as formerly oc- Madero replied, thanking him. but
ciirred in Cuba, may soon become, declaring tht no ?rra other thn an
necessary. unconditional surrender could tx
Next in Importance is discussed ! made with Din.
the renewal of hostilities between the ? That the Preidnt ! determined
Balkan Allies and Turkey. There has to make this a nnuh fight is evident,
been a frightful less of life within j though no more ihj than IUax. who
the last few days, on both sides, but realizes that there will be no clem
the victories have all been in favorncy in case of surrender,
of Bulgaria and her Allies. Almost within a stone s throw of
On top of all these stirring events each other these two fighting forces,
of world importance, has come thejach armed with more than twenty
report of the Interstate Commerce cannon, apparently expect to continue ;
Commission, which shows that dur-! the struggle regardless of the loss of
ing the last year there was killed by! Bfe.
me rauroaas or tne cnnea siaies iu.-
i5 people and tnat mere were in-
jured, more or less seriously. 77,175.!
This frightful loss of life which has!
occurred here in our midst, In pro-!
found peace, is fifty times as great as!
the loss of American soldiers in the;
of-!panlsn War, and also causes me
losses that have recently occurred in
battles between Turkey and Bulgaria
and her Allies to pale into insignifi-
While these great questions are
being discussed generally by every--
t i i j A i i A
uouy wno reaos or ininKB at an, yei
it must be admitted that the npws
. . . . . . .
which has recently come from Cover-
nor Wilson about the limitation on,
the pie-counter have overshadowed
all of these great events, in the minds
of the hungry Democratic politicians, j
Fight May Have IJeen Futile.
Washington, D. C, Feb. 11. Sup
porters of the Webb bill, to prevent
shipments of intoxicating liquors into
"dry" States, elated by the bill's pas
sage in the Senate yesterday in place
of the Sheppard-Keyon bill, discover
ed to-day that through a parliamen
tary error, their long fight probably
Senate passed it, was identical in its
provision with the House measure,
but when it was substituted for the
Keyon-Sheppard bill in the Senate,
the Senate bill's number was allowed
to remain on the passed bill. House
Parliamentarian Crisp says this
makes the measure an entirely new
one, so far as the House is concerned,
and it will have to go to the Judici
ary Committee and take its regular
Many fell in this engagement and
among the scores of bodies which
strewed the streets were those of mi
nor officers, women and boys of the
lower classes and members of the
great crowd of spectators which had
gathered at the firing of the first
One Thousand Killed in Seven-Hour I
Drawn Battle I
Mexico City, Feb. 11. The Mexi-j
can Federals and Rebels fought aj
seven-hour drawn battle in the heart;
or me city to-day. Wtien darkness
I Put an end to the fighting neither;
side appeared to have gained any
ed Injuries from stray bullets. They,0f the relatives left by the dead ex-
are Lloyd Osbourne, an author, who'
was shot in the thigh; Dr. R. H. Mc-
Crosson, of Lincoln, Neb., and Mark
Johnson, a negro, of Madison, 111. j
Artillery played the chief Dart in!
the day's fighting, but rifle fire wasj
kept up continuously, though more or!
j less ineffectively. President Madero'
and his ministers expressed satisfac-!
tion to-night with the day's work and
ventured the opinion that to-morrow j
would see the overpowering of the!
General Feliz Diaz in his arsenal!
stronghold. aDneared as defiant as at?
any time since he was released from
prison by the mutinous soldiers and
promises a repetition to-morrow of
terrific bombardment, the fierceness
of which is attested by the many par
tially destroyed structures within a
radius of half a mile.
The greatest loss of life resulted
in a charge of rurals, which moved
against a Rebel battery which mowed
Joa uiezi asd hor T- -irutotj
doa ir; tb prolonged ecrrtnvst cf
vM,.uai v, eyuuue con-
uru vue.r uuuni.. wuen ugnunr p-;
peared inevitable, to
ue care vi
themselves in the best way possible.
President Madero has not answered
"e note in wnicn ne was asked by
the diplomats if he could protect for-
Ceneral Diaz has said that
he is unable to supply a force to pro
consulates ami foreign property.
l'nitel States SnI Battleldp to
on Monday the United States or-
, pri tiiw haiiUMnn mi.,
.,. (n ,n(nM ...
iv i i7 iu iiutcvi Aiuri iwiis UIIU .A 1 1 1 " f 1 -
As a result of
an early Tuesdav
conference at the White
nuse, three additional battleships
will he scnt to the eagt coast of Mex.
, ico and orders will be issued at once
! for the immediate placing in commis-;
sion oi two army transports or troops
10 Mexico nty ior tne protection or ; preat record in the matter o com
the lives of Americans and foreigners, nierce upon the eas. Durin the ad
should the situation there grow any ministration ov the lato queen. In
worse j stead ov growin', the tea traffic had
I fallen off about one-third. King
SOUTH POLE EXPLOHKKS PEltlSII i James not onl' ha(1 to ehoulder that.
j but things grew worse. To add to hit
Captain Scott and Four of His Men awl the trusts were gettin a start.
Freeze to Death in Blizzard Hal j The average reader may think that
Discovered South Pole. trusts are new an' few understand
that in some form or other they her
v. ,o .Ciucu,
the world to-day that Captain Robert
F. Scott, the - British explorer, and
four of his companions, perished in
the Antartic while on their return
Journey from the South Pole. The
dead, in addition to Captain Scott,
are Dr. E. A. Wilson, Lieut. H. R.
Bowers, Captain L. P. S. Oates, and
Petty Officer E. Evans.
They reached their goal on Janu
ary 18, 1912, about a month after
Captain Roald Amundsen, the Nor
wegian, had planted the flag of his
country there. Then they turned
back toward the bases they had
formed on their outward Journey, but
were overtaken, overwhelmed and
destroyed by a blizzard.
News of the death of the explorers
was brought to civilization to-day by
the captain of the Terra Nova, the
ship which had taken Scott's expedi
tion to the South and which had gone
again to bring them back after the
accomplishment of their task. A
searching expedition recovered the
bodies and records of the party.
Captain Scott's Last Message.
London, Feb. 11. "Had we lived
I should have had a tale to tell of the
hardihood, and endurance of my com -
Panions wnicn would have stirred ev -
er' Englishman's heart. These rough
notes and our dead bodies must tell
Tnis was captain Scott's farewell
message to tne world dlBCOvered
with nis records when searching par -
tief; reached the dead bodies of Stt
and four fellow-exnlorers at the Enotafter 1,e went on tn throne ii he.
where they starved to death in the
vi xi t w wri-vni.-i
TKN ,,KAI AM MAM WOl.MihU.j
. . . J
ltU ot. CSTh 'J?!? (mic an,,!
stnker ln et Virginia. j
Charleston, W. Va.. Feb. 10. Ten
persons are dead and a score wound -
ed as a result of a battle to-day be-
t ween strikers and authorities nearlto worship according to the orders
Mucklow. W. Va., in the Kanawha r the King. He tried to dictate a
coal strike district. Seven of the j
dead were strikers and three mem-j
bers of the mine guards and railroad!
police. Of the injured, fifteen are i Pan WI1Z not to observe Sunday fcard
said to be strikers and the others (,y at awl. The people were badly
guards. ! torn up an hardly knew what to ex-
j pect from such a ruler. The King real
John and Robert Freeze, sons of opposed anythln' like a strict obser-
Mr. R. A. Freeze, of Belmont, aged
seventeen and fifteen years, respect
ively, arrived in Raelgh Tuesday to
take the Pasteur treatment for mad
HP If 1 ITpirTJT UICTADV
KtAL AilLlbll 1 lilul UKl
When Enf Und and Scotland United
and Great Britus Was tie
JAMES RULED COMBINATION
te I tiUati Nw trwlttc IUctel
i W-Utm Trt4 Ibt
to ttrri tmit Utriiom Tw
Ilundretl Vlr-n lte Wortd ll
the Throat Ulira the lVlrwhw1
Wav in Hie 'vwj.jr Kmc BWieiW.
BllktnsvUe, N C . Krb 11. 11 J
Correspondence of The Caucasus
Knterprls. The ancient history ov K&ctand bet
bJn ,lUb,hld ,n ,b. rolumlli OT thlm
pipt.r p to the ear H03 Aboot th.t
. ... t-
Ucd wer, unlu,
d n' the combination
ht (Jreat Britain
From that date Kret th!nreeo
greater than er Wforr. may b
rtordd Hut our purpe is to &
the cream on!. an' in a brief form at
Jarui-i. VI ov Scotland. Kni
King o the combined roantrt on
March r.l. Iu3. He w ui the grand
son ov Margaret, eldest daughter ov
Henry VII This ruler had bn
named by Queen Klijabeth while
practically on her death-bed. King
James took charge under the most
-i -.-. i.i n . ......... ... &
found the job too Urpe for hire In
fart Jh ,.ui n0rd
imoiuuM- in uuifum m iiai n
thing to get in a tanKte. n' the new
King only added to the trouble. Kng-
j land had awlwaya tried to make a
been d0,n. DUBlneiJl gJnce .he -
tion. About this time the great ocean
traffic controlled by IJrUlnhera, cost
ly residents ov Ixndon. corered by
far the larger portion ov the trad
ov that country, an' the whole world
had to pay tribute, ov count. If
figures will tell the Btory hit U only
needless to say that the shipping
trust at that early date worked so ef
fectively for Ixndon an their own
pockets that London an' the great
shipping trust, composed ot only
about two hundred men, U said to
hev done a business amoutnlng to one
hundred an' ten thousand pounds &
year, while the shippers who were not
In the trust only did a business or
seventeen thousand pounds per year.
An' English pound amounts to about
five American dollars if any oae lx
not acquainted with money az count
ed in Great Britain. So the 200
London ship-owners were rakln' In
more than six times az much business
per year az the whole ov the indepen
dent ship-owners ov the entire coun
try. The two hundred men were msk-
in' more money than thousands ov
' men. The shlppin' trust could con
trol freight rates both ways on awl
outgoln' an' Incomln freight. To
! raaKe ma"e worse, tne King em-
I f n stant Vr Vi a irv n AtvvtM A
rate' he dldn 1 be,P to Put the mon-
P0,if8 out ov business. The King
"even went so fa ras to deelar In a
! 8Pech to Parliament that the people
j must understand that "thdr priri-
' ,eea were derlv'1 from blm an his
! ancestors." This wuz eighteen years
ov couri"?' had bf'n ,n harness long
enougn to ne more discreet. Dunn
hiz entire administration, the people
had to live under a ruler with such
views. He granted them no real fa
vors in finance nor In religion, for he
wuz Just az narrow In a religious
way. Ov course, Great Britain didn't
prosper to any great extent. He de-
manf3e1 ffeat sums ov money to ar-
ry out Dlz PIaJ1 an hit bad to come
regardless or who suffered. The King
awIso undertook to conduct tka re-
i,gion ov the people. He wuz firat an
Episcopalian, second a Catholic. The
other people had to take what they
coujd ,,et an that WUI but mUe m
: VR tried to establish certain re-
j Hgious forms according to hlz own
! Ideas.. Many or the people refused
foria for Sunday observance an this
wuz out ov harmony with the Ideas or
mot people, etpecially when hU
I a .
vance or the Sabbath, though he did
not care to say so In plain words.
Finally, things got so warm that a
plan wuz hatched up to blow up the
(Continued on page 4.)
-' " - -