North Carolina Newspapers

    -la f
CA
VOL. XXXI,
RALEIGH, NT. C, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1013.
No. O.
CASIAN.
1 JriJtL
EDITORIAL BRIEFS
The Democratic Cabinet makers
have not proved to be worth the
union sale.
If this Legislature Is composed of
progressive Democrats, they have a
very poor way of exhibiting their pro
gresslveness. Before the election the Democrats
were awful busy talking about the
tariff; now their sole topic is the re
vision of the pie counter.
The Hickory Mercnry has a corre
spondent that sends it the news from
Jugtown. If that Is over a five gallon
jug the mercuy will have to cut it
out.
A bill was introduced in the Legis
lature Saturday to regulate a certain
foot-path in Rockingham County.
That one goes the saw-dust bills one
better.
This Legislature pretends to think
a lot of the women of the State, yet
they have refused to put them on the
same footing wltk the men in causes
for divorce.
The mourners' bench around the
pie counter will be something awful
to behold when Mr. Wilson begins
turning down the applicants after the
4th of March.
Representative Plummer Stewart
let It be known that he didn't like to
be put in a class with mules, even If
he is trying to hold up the banner of
the donkey party.
The News and Observer says that
no harm can ever be done by turning
on the light. Then why not tell the
public about that secret lease of the
A. & N. C. Railroad?
The Wilmington Star says when
the people become dissatisfied they
beein to say what they think. Won
der if that is why nearly everybody is
taking a shot at this Legislature?
Wonder if the Legislature thinks
it necessary to sell its railroad stock
in order to provide increased sala
ries and new offices they have cre
ated, v
The "Visiting Statesman" has been
in Raleigh again looking on at the
Legislature. This time it was for the
purpose of trying to persuade "the
State to sell one of its railroads for
a mere song.
Probably the Legislature never
thought of it when they were provid
ing for those extra judges, but a
more stringent divorce law in this
State would materially reduce the
work of the courts.
' A bill has been introduced in the
House to prohibit the sale of intoxi
cating liquors in certain new church
es in Columbus County. Will some
one please explain why such a bill, or
such a law is necessary in a prohibi
tion State.
A. bU pTOidlns tor a big bond is
sue has been introduced in the Leg
islature, but pray tell when are the
bonds ever to be paid? Have we any
assurance that the State will ever be
more prosperous than for the past
few years?
The Durham Herald says the Dem
ocratic party cannot keep its promises
to the people and take care of the
protected interests at one and the
same time. And it is known to all
who will see, which one this Legisla
ture is taking care of.
President Wilson has announced
that the names of his Cabinet officials
will not be made public until the
names are sent to the Senate after
the fourth of March. And this gave
the office-seekers another chill, for it
will not give them'any time for a pro
test. "The "commissioners of Onslow
County have refused to longer con
tribute to the up-keep of the pauper
dead in that county and are revising
the list. This is probably the extra
list they voted during the red-shirt
campaign, but think they have no
further use for the names now.
ECONOMY TO THE W1XDS.
Democrats Split Over Their Economy
Program Public Ilull(tin BUI
Robs Uncle Sam's Pockets.
Washington, D.C.. Feb. 17. Af
ter acrimonious debate, the House to
day passed the buildings bills autho
rizing erection of $25,000,000 worth
of public structures throughout the
country.
Representative Fitzgerald, of New
York, Chairman of the House Appro
priations Committee, and Represen
tative Hardwick, of Georgia, vigor
ously attacked the Democratic side
for their support of the bill. "The
sham economists who have been talk
ing economy and advocating publics
buildings bills, which fasten obUga
tlons upon the treasury,' said Mr.
Fitzgerald, "should either quit talk
ing economy or should attempt to
stop the authorizations which make
inevitable the appropriations of large
sums of public money. I denounce as
indefensible this method of passing
a public building bill. It tlee togeth
er everybody with an item in it and
makes it Impossible to give close
scrutiny and attention of the bill. I
understand this bill has been so
scientifically prepared that it cannot
be defeated.'
Representative Hardwick was bit
ter in his denunciation of the bill.
"I believe," he declared, "honest
ly and candidly that this is the worst
bill of its kind ever reported to an
American House of Representatives.
I do not think that in the palmiest
days of Cannonism, as rotten a propo
sition ever came to this House. There
are things in this bill no one can de
fend." CASH REGISTER MEN GUILTY.
President Patterson and Several Oth
ers Sentenced to Jail for One Year
for Violating Sherman Anti-Trust j
Law Defendants are Under Bond.
- Cincinnati, Ohio, Feb. 13. A ver
dict of guilty on three counts in the
indictment was returned by the jury
trying the case of the twenty-nine of
ficials or former officials of the Na
tional Cash Register Company here
to-night.
The accused were charged by the
Government with violating the crimi
nal secton of the Sherman anti-trust
act.
President Patterson and Others Sen
tenced to Jail.
Cincinnati, Ohio, Feb. 17. Presi
dent John H .Patterson, of the Na
tional Cash Register Company of
Dayton, Ohio, to-day was sentenced
to serve one year in the county jail
at Troy, Ohio, and to pay a fine of
$5,000 for violation of the Sherman
anti-trust law.
Twenty-eight other officials and
employers of the company were giv
en jail sentences varying from three
months to one year, and were order
ed to pay the costs of the prosecu
tion. The sentences were pronounced af
ter United States Judge Hollister had
scored the defendants bitterly for
their business methods, methods
which, he declared, were needless in
a concern where millions of dollars
could have been made legitimately
and without violation of the law.
Closing, he declared:
"The Government is strong enough
to protect its people, whether this
protection extends to the transporta
tion of dynamite across the land for
the purpose of blowing up bridges or
the laying of the hands upon men
who seek to stifle competition by ille
gal business methods."
SIX MONTHS SCHOOL. BILL.
Passes
the House After
Hours Discusison.
Several
The House bill favoring a six
months public school term in North
Carolina has passed the House after
lengthy discussion pro and con. All
seemed to favor the six months
school term provided the State had
the money or even had any means of
securing it without another tax as
sessment or the issuance' of more
bonds, while others seemed to want
to go on record for a six months
school term, whether it was possible
ot ever rais the money or not.
The Haywood Farmer Dissatisfied
With the Legislature.
Waynesville Enterprise.
Some legislators had better get
their minds off of initiative and refer
endum and get -down to what the
home folks need and must have.
Making fun of the labors and aspira
tions of fellow-citizens and neighbors
may amuse Raleigh and please cer
tain interests, but it does not tickle
the sensibilities of the Haywood far
mer. Pittsboro. Feb. 18. "Aunt" Julia
Brooks, the oldest person in Chatham
County, died at her humble cabin yes
terday afternoon. She was 102 years
old.
EXPENSIVE CONGRESS
The Present Conceit is tne Most
Expenshe and EtrTant
OQ Record
i
iiiTmnrr uttimu nm t me
A HUNDRED MILLION DOLLARS
The Situation in Mexico a Delicate
One for Our Government Should
Uncle Sam Intervene it Would
Probably Mean That the Northern
Section of Mexico Would be An
nexed to the United State Xa-
i
tional Capital Making Preparations 1
for the Inauguration of the Xevrj
President.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, Feb. 18, 1913.
The National Capital is taking on
the physical appearance of the near
approach of the inauguration of the
new President. Every available
space from the White House to the
capitol is being covered with stands
for spectators, and nearly every
building facing the line of march of
the inaugural parade has been rent
ed, and most of them at a very high
price.
The unusually warm weather has
caused many to invest in seats on
stands who would not otherwise have
risked their money.
Yesterday morning the city was
visited by what appeared for awhile
to be a fierce snow storm, if not a
blizzard, which made evry one feel
that we were in for another blizzard
inaugaration, similar to those of the
past. The threatened snow blizzard
soon passed and was followed by sun-
8nine and higher temperature
To-
day the weather is almost as balmy
as early spring.
At the same time news comes from
across the ocean that the, city of
Rome was enveloped in the heaviest
fall of snow seen in the Monumental
City for fifty years, and that Mount
Etna is covered with snow for the
first time in nearly half a century.
The Most Extravagant Congress on
Record.
A few days ago when the public
buildings bill came up in the House,
a sensation was sprung by Mr. Fitz
gerald, of Brooklyn, N. Y., the Chair
man of the Appropriation Commit
tee, calling attention to the enormous
and reckless appropriations being
made by the Democratic House. He
declared that the Public Buildings
mill was twice as large as was nec
essary nad that the committee had
padded it by putting in large appro
priations for public buildings In the
districts of the leading members of
Congress of the House in order to
elicit their support to secure its pas
sage. Mr. Fitzgerald pointed out that if
the appropriations bills already pass
ed and those framed and now pend
ing should pass without reduction,
that the amount of the appropriations
by this Congress would exceed by
over a hundred million dollars those
of any other Congress in the history
of the Government.
Mr. Mann, the minority Republican
leader, commenting upon this condi
tion of affairs, charged that the ap
propriations were not only the largest
ever made, but that they were unnec
essary. He pointed out the enormous
increase of pensions made by the
Democratic House for which there
was no demand or necessity. In
short, he showed that public money
was "being recklessly wasted without
giving to the people of the country
any adequate and just returns there
for. He closed his speech by charg
ing that the whole trouble came from
the fact that the legislation of the
House was in the hands of "a disor
ganized mob."
The Critical Situation In Mexico.
The news from Mexico, giving an
account of the frightful revolutionary
struggle with such great loss of life
and property, not only to the natives,
but also to Americans and other for
eigners, has for the past week grown
worse each hour.
Already a fleet of American bat
tleships have been sent to both the
Atlantic and Pacific coasts of Mexico,
and besides arrangements have been
made for sending on short notice at
least 20,000 United States troops to
that country. Orders were Issued last
night for 2,000 American marines to
be shipped this morning.
The situation in Mexico is not only
very serious, but it is at the same
time a most difficult and critical con
dition with which to deal. The prop
ertv and lives of Americans is not
only being sacrificed every day, but
it is almost impossible for this gov
ernment to prevent the same without
sending a very large army to that
country, which might be forced to re
main for many many years.
If Mexico was a flat country it
would be easy for the United States
to Intervene and restore order at an:
rt Ht Unit nf t V, M-rtw
j w .......... -
I however, is very mountainous or
l V 1 . .
a;
lt LmSt mnow "ibie
thick jungle. Such a country rake
s to restore order j
has been carried on against the Mexi-i
lean government almost Indefinitely. f
If our fcovrnment houId( however.
j Intervene. It would probably re.uft la
ia strip of the northern part of Mex-
; whlch could more easily paci-1
ned on account of Its geographical
rpoisKlon In ting annexed to this'
.country. I
Thus It will be seen that the new :
administration has not only a most j
serious problem to deal with in tack-1
ling economic conditions in this eoun-j
try. but that it will also have a most!
serious and delicate situation to deal I
with in our neighboring republic In!
the south. !
IMPROVED FARM METHODS
Ifaa Greatly Improved the Irodncing :
Power of Southern Farm Iand. t
Atlanta, Ga., Feb. 18. An average
yield of 46.6 bushels of corn per acre
was secured by 498 farmers in Ala-!
bama and Mississippi who cultivated
6,352.5 acres in 1912, following the
methods advocated by the field agents
of the Department of Farm Improve
ment Work, maintained by the com
panies thst make up the Southern
C Railway System. On neighboring
farms where the ordinary methods
were followed the average yield was
17.5 bushels per acre. In the same
States 674 farmers who grew cotton
under the methods advocated by this
Department had an average produc
tion of 1,205.5 pounds of seed cot
ton per acre on 14,389 acres while
on neighboring farms where ordinary
methods were followed the average
yield was 531.5 pounds of seed cotton
per acre. C. A. Lawrence, of Plant
ersville, Ala., averaged 109.25 bush
els of corn per acre on thirty-five
acres; A. Henderson, of Greenwood,
Miss., averaged one hundred bushels
per acre on twenty-five acres; B. Kll
lian, of Collinsville, Ala., averaged
2,732 pounds of seed cotton per acre
on six acres; Dr. C. N. Parnell, of
Maplesville, Ala., averaged 2,313
pounds on twenty acres, and a long
list or other farmers who made splen
did yields of both corn and cotton by
following the methods advocated by
the Department could be given.
These figures from the annual re
port of Mr. T. O. Plunkett, Manager
of the Department, show what is be
ing accomplished by farmers living
along the lines of the Southern Rail
way and afliliated companies through
the aid of the agricultural experts,
the farmers in all cases cultivating
their own land with the resources at
their command. The work of this De
partment has been extended to all
States served by the Southern Rail
way and affiliated lines, field agents
having been placed in Virginia, North
and South Carolina, Georgia, Ken
tucky, and Tennessee in September (
1912. They have been cordially re
ceived, and it is expected that their
work will prove as successful as that
of the agents in Alabama and Missis
sippi. The Department of Farm Improve
ment Work grew out of the move
ment inaugurated by President Fin
ley to aid the farmers in the terri
tory threatened by the Mexican boll
weevil to learn how to grow cotton in
spite of the weevil.
The field agents in the service of
the Department are agricultural ex
perts whose services are given with
out any cost to the farmers and who
work in full co-operation with the
State and Federal Departments of
Agriculture and the various State
) Agricultural Colleges.
LATE XEWS ITEMS.
The Education Committe of the
House and Senate last night voted in
favor of placing women on the school
boards in this State.
Frank Wilson, who has sold his
cafe and other interest in Raleigh,
will return here in a few days to sueltion. The country hardly had time j
for a divorce from his wife. i to get in good shape again till a war j
j against Holland began. This wuzj
Suffragettes at Cardiff. Wales, yes-! followed by two calamities. The first j
terdav dvnamited the nnncrnnied 1 wuz a visit from a great olague.
residence of Lloyd George, who hadj
voted againt woman suffrage vhen
the question was before the English
Parliament.
Gustavo Madero, brother of the de
posed preident of Mexico, was shot
and killed yesterday. Ex-President
Madero will be exiled or shot. Rebels
in the north and south of Mexico are
not yet satisfied and may refuse to
cease fighting.
The new anti-trust bill which pass
ed the House a few days ago has been
set as a pecial order in the Senate
Monday. The six months school
term bill which passed the House yes
terday on its third reading, will be
considered by the Senate tomorrow
night. The child labor bill pased the
House last night (Wednesday).
nrn iTfirrr iiirrrrinv
nil mrf ami vum 1 s aa&awla
I
n , e . i . , . .
wane 3uUT uepcfiaen Upon
France to Make Hio . Great
Roler
'
CROMWELL TOOK GOVERNMENT
Tlw New Itulc mu th parliament
;
at Odd -IlWitoa. Fartkm Had
a Warm Tim- Kin Threw the1
Great Seal Away aad titt for Tall
Timber Too Many Poorly Paid!
and Scanty Fed Soldi
ture
of SftanUh Territory Cued!rled the prince of Dw&taark, had
Trouble IWtto KnUod jh"" fe.r p.at In.No-
France,
(Correspondence of The Caucasian
Enterprise.)
mikimville. N. c. Feb. 18. 1SU.
After the death or Kin
Ue government ov Great
England wus now known, became!
less monarchical. This wu in 1649.
The commons voted that the House
of Lords wui "both useless and dan
gerous." The same body voted that
it would be "high treason to ac
knowledge Charles Stuart," a soa or
th late King, az ruler. Charleaj
spent most ov hiz time in Paris. He)
wuz tryln to get the French gorern
ment to back up hiz claims upon the
throne ov Great Britain. The Scotch
people seemed to be friendly to
Charles Stuart. But the people ov
old England and Ireland wer slow
about givin' him a, welcome. The
Marquis of Montrose, a warm friend
to the would-be King, wuz seized an
killed in a brutal manner about this
time in Scotland. He went to Edin
burg an wuz placed in prison, which
wuz not a very encouragin outlook
for a man with a Kingly bee buzzin
in hiz bonnet. The people who had
the pull told Charles Stuart that he'd
be awl rite if he would come over on
their side. But he would not.
Cromwell had a large force ov sol
diers in Ireland at this time, for civil
war wuz goln on. He had met with
much success so far. But now the
Scotch went on the warpath. This
caused him to leave Ireland before
getting the Irish completely whipped,
but he had to obey parliament.
Later, the Scotch ruler marched into
England, reachin Worcester. He
soon learned that Cromwell wuz in
pursuit an' that he had an army ov
about 40,000 men. When the fight
came on the Scotch forces were awl
either killed or taken prisoners.
Soon afterward the whole ov Scot
land wuz annexed to Great Britain.
But Cromwell's soldiers now wanted
pay for services. Az the money did
not show up Cromwell seized the gov
ernment buildin', drove the members
ov parliament out, locked the doors
an placed the keys in hiz pocket
The result wuz a change in the gov
ernment. Soon therafter several
countries proposed an alliance with
Great Britain, France among the
number. The alliance with France
wuz looked upon favorably by many
an would hev gone through but for
the massacre ov protestants which
took place In France before the trade
could be closed.
On account ov hiz great military
success Cromwell virtually became
ruler ov Great Britain, dictator at
any rate. But the parliament didn't
help hiz cause much. Indeed, Crom
well iz said to hev been ashamed ov
the policy pursued. The parliament
finally dissolved an' the officers went
to Cromwell and resigned. But while
CromweW was dictator an' seemed to)A Xo Nn coTTeiponoence a week
be in the saddle, he wuz in a critical
shape. But Cromwell held the reins
an' did pretty well for a ruler who
wuz at best only temporary. A mil-
itary government wuz finally estab- j been given.
Hshed. But this did not fill the bill'' T11 B"rvey wl,! nd a man down
there were too many "leaders" and J there immediately. The matter has
no one in real authority. It wuz in- not et been br8ht to the attention
deed a curious situation in a great tof the octety for Pychlc research.
country. After much
ceremony j
Charles II wuz made King by restora-
which destroyed more than 100.000
lives an' the destruction ov London i 1U cui ireiguu vun-
by a great fire. Charles, the new out opening the box he had It re
King, soon proved arbitrary an' cruel sb,PPd trom Sabt 10 Greensboro
an' soon there wuz a disposition to
get rid ov him. A plot to kill the
King wuz frustrated by the fact that
he started on a journey several days
earlier than he wuz expected to start,
thus defeatin' the plans laid to take
hiz life. About this time there were
rebellious in various sections. The
Duke of Argyle an' Earl ov Mon
mouth were instrumental in raisin' , '
forces to fight against the rulers an: Minority Leader Mann in the low
both lost their lives on this account. r House of Congress yesterday call-
az did others, some ov them without!
a formal trial.
In the meantime the Catholic au
thorities made another attempt to get
a firm foothold throughout Great
Britain. The Episcopalians were
I tacth err"4 l tfcat ' tse ther
t i wvw w m utm
The conttry fc4 throat a
fiauli r aa t ce&sta&tly ta d
srr 0 taore ov felt. A 8et of war
I hf from Holland bow t&reateaed
to attark. for at this early day Great
; ilrtiain did Rot hev a great fleet. At
thi. time th Iirlttah had a way ov
rn' to form as allU&r itfc aay
tro fore on the water an tfcas i
(rld o some ov them, laclaaia IIol-
j Un4 ,Ilt 11 l tbt qarttloti taar
an Utro nations akb may lead
to mr. Hot rnt3ts ara ar grtrw
ia' more rf mote al ta Una.
A hort Una later th Kin got
another shock. He found that a fc4
msny powerful tntmUa. toeladia'
!.ord Colchester. Efrn Ue King's
own daughter. Acne, who bad mar-
irawr, its, taa King seat three
men to hev a talk with the Prlace or
Orange. At firti tL Prince refused
to dlscuM matters with then. Iter
he csve tbem a hearln' but would cot
say anything tn reply. This alarmed
ng Charles! !rr( b ia CUU
Britain .-iI''T,n tB British RCTrrnmDt to
, ZlZl !iUk fr or ItM-if. He even threw
the great seal ot State Into the
Thames so that no business could be
transacted legally. The government
had soldiers in Ireland. Dot they
wer not disciplined an' bat little wu
furnished to feed or pay them, so they
did az they pleased and got a litla'
az they could.
In 1692 McDonald and numerous
followers bavin failed to take the
oath of allegiance one day too late
because no one could be found with
authority to administer the oath.
While they were guilty ov no crime
the soldiers killed nearly forty ov
them.
The next trouble wui a flj:ht be
tween the British navy an' thit ov
France. The two countries were not
tx apart an whenever things got
dull they went to war. The fight re
sulted in the defeat an partial de
struction ov the French nayy.
Princess Anne next became ruler
ov Great Britain. One might think
that this would hev brought peace.
But hit did not. France had taken
charge ov a good deal ov Spanish ter
ritory which England wanted an this
hastened the trouble. But the Brit
ish were not alone in the fight with
France an' Spain for Holland an
Germany had decided to play a hand,
though hit would be difficult to find
how each stood' in such & mixed war.
Marlborough led the British forces.
Bouffiers commanded tho French.
Each army now had from fifty to six
ty thousand men. They finally met
at Blenheim an' after a fierce battle
the French were defeated.
In 1704 England an Scotland
made another an' a more successful
effort to unite, for former efforts had
not been satisfactory. One King had
ruled both countries for a time. But
each had a separate parliament an'
at times they seemed to be different
countries. The trade wuz started
again in 1704. but wuz not finally
completed until 1707 when the Duke
of Queensberry dissolved the ancient
Scotch assembly an' that country be
came a part ov Great Britain In real
ity. Az ever,
ZEKE BILK INS.
WILL INVESTIGATE SPOOKS.
V. S. Government Will Send Man to
Jona lUdge This State.
A Washington. D. C, Dispatch
Tuesday says:
R. T. Claywell, of Morganton, came
here today to ask that the geological
survey send a man to Jonas Ridge to
' investigate the "Bpooky" light reTerr-
P1- Mr- Claywell says light appears
regularly at 9 o'clock on both cloudy
and clear nights and that no adequate
explanation of its appearance has
Freight Hate IticrimInatlon.
Greensboro Record. J
,
A gentleman living in Greensboro
ad a f books shipped from
13u"a, v to Sabot, a.. which
ils ,tej1ty m"e" from -mond.
and the freight charges were $1.58.
From Buffalo, N. Y to Sabot. Va.,
the box traveled over four railroads;
from Sabot, Va., to Greensboro it
came over two roads and about one
third the distance.
This Is no worse than what has
been going on for years grots dis
crimination against North Carolina.
ed the Democrats to task for delay
ing legislation. He told them they
could not run Congress like they
would a town meeting. Even Floor
Leader Underwood was forced to lec
ture his Democratic friends.
    

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