North Carolina Newspapers

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VV II m. II II II 'l
VOL. XXXI.
RALEIGH, N. C.f THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1013.
EDITORIAL BRIEFS
Mr. Wilson seems to be shore go
ing to the White House so long as it
is occupied by a Republican.
Thought it was . about time for
them. One of the saw-dust bills was
Introduced In the House Saturday.
The Marshville Home wants the
boys of that town civilized. Why
sot have the Legislature pass a law?
The editor of Charity and Children
doesn't think this Legislature up to
theaverage. But isn't that hitting
them hard.
Mr. Bryan now says he doesn't want
the Democratic nomination for Presi
dent four years hence. He probably
knows it won't be worth having by
that time.
Mr. Wilson says that his Cabinet
is not yet completed. It appears
that he is finding It very hard to
get enough suitable timber within
bis party ranks.
The editor of Charity and Children
says this is no time for creating jobs
to reward politicians. Just such
business in the past has helped con
siderably to pile up the State debt.
Since President Wilson stated that
he would surround himself with Pro
gressives, and only Progressives, it is
impossible to find a Democrat who
will admit that he is not a Progres
sive. After all, It appears that the South
will not have much representation in
the inaugural parade. It Is announced
from Washington that only one regi
ment from the South will participate
in this function.
President-elect has announced that
he will call the special session of Con
gress to convene on April 1st... Won
der if he considers' that the most ap
propriate day to call his Democratic
brethren together?
About seventeen hundred bills
have been introduced in the State
Legislature, and if more than a half
dozen of them are of any special im
portance, they hare escaped this
writer's attention.
If Governor Craig intends being
the "Good Roads" Governor, it is
about time for him to hand around
his program. Thus far he has called
only one good roads conference, and
that one to boost his home town.
Representative Mull introduced a
bill in the Legislature Monday to pro
vide a non-partisan board of educa
tion for Burke County. To show that
he is really non-partisan Mr. Mull
should have his bill apply to the
whole State.
And now the suffragette clubs are
preparing to make demands on Presi
dent Wilson regarding the distribu
tion of offices. When they march on
the White House Mr. Wilson will
either have to hand lout the offices or
crawl under the table.
The Superintendent of the Nation
al Capitol has figured it will cost the
Government $186,000 to keep Con
gress cool this summer. But who is
to keep the rest of the country cool
while Congress is tinkering with the
tariff?
Mr. Bryan says he will not be a
candidate for the Presidency four
years hence, but that he will favor
Mr. Wilson's nomination. Wasn't it
Mr. Bryan who wrote that sentence
in the platform committing the Dem
ocratic candidate to one term? Why
this sudden change of ideas?
Judge Goff, one of the Federal
Judges for this Circuit, has been
elected by West Virginia, United
States Senator. The last appoint
ment of a Federal Judge in this Cir
cuit was by a Republican President,
and he appointed Judge Connor, a
Democrat, to the position. Now, let
us see if Mr. Wilson, a Democratic
President, will return the compliment
by appointing a Republican to sue
ceed Judge Goff.
"PROFLIGATE WASTE OP
MOSEY."
Thii Democratic Congres Will Prove
More Costly Than Any Previous
Congres -Lot of Money Wanted.
Union Republican.
The Democratic national platform
adopted at Baltimore the platform
on which the Democrats elected a
President last November denounced
"the profligate waste of money wrung
from the people by oppressive taxa
tion through the lavish appropria
tions of recent Republican Con
gresses." This was virtuous, and was
taken by the country as a hopeful
promise of reform.
But recently the Democratic chair
man of the Democratic Appropria
tions Committee of the Democratic
House of Representatives declared
that the appropriations of this ses
sion of Congress will exceed the ap
propriations of any session in the his
tory of the Government, and that
"the total expenditures are in danger
of being so great that the talk of
a downward revision of the tariff will
be a hollow mockery." All this ques
tion of appropriations is substantially
within the control of the House of
Representatives ' and its Democratic
majority.
Those who made the Democratic
national platform either had no
knowledge of what they were pro
claiming, or it was intended to mis
lead the people by false charges of
Republican extravagance. The proof
has come with unexpected swiftness.
There has been an enormous increase
of expenditures for investigations in
to everything without resulting in
anything. The so-called Money Trust
Investigating Coirmitee has not only
expended its original appropriation
of $25,000, but it calls for $35,000
more, and has obligations out for
that amount, without any authority
of law. And this is only one of a
number of illustrations.
If the Democrats in Congress had
confined themselves to the proper and
necessary appropriations it is not
probable their chairman of appropri
ations would have been compelled to
confess that the expenditures of this
Congress will exceed those of any
previous Congress in the history of
the country. But when they began
their wholesale use of the public
money to carry on investigations for
party advantage they not only in
creased expenditures,, but' they have
been guilty of a "profligate waste
of money" for no public purpose.
TEMPTING THE FARMERS.
Texas Gives $10,000 in Prizes to Till
ers of the Soil.
(From the Manufacturers' Record.)
The last census shows that the
population of the United States in
creased 21 per cent in the ten years,
while grain product in that time in
creased only 1.7 per cent. This is
an appalling condition when you take
into consideration the fact that the
exports of our grain products are
now so very small that a dry year
or a poor crop in this mighty Union
would force us either to tie our apron
strings tighter or to buy bread from
somebody else.
rvtt . . ....
ine meat conditions are even
worse. Beef cattle has deceased 21
per cent in actual numbers in the ten
years, while population increased 21
per cent. That puts them 42 per
cent apart and both growing rapidly
in the wrong direction. Sheep and
hogs are in almost the same cate
gory. The only practical remedy is
more intelligent and efficient effort on
the farm; not. an enlargement of the
farm, not an opening up of new lands
ana increasing the amount in cult!
vatlon, but m cutting down the
amount that each man shall culti
vate and teaching him to produce a
larger net return an acre.
He must also realize that the one
or two-crop system is bad beyond de
gree; that it makes the land, the
landlord and the tenant all poor in
a constantly increasing ratio; that he
must diversify and rotate and turn
under green cover crops and return
to the land fertilizing matter of vari
ous kinds In proportion to what his
crops have taken from it.
To attract the attention of the
farmers and the business men of the
country and especially to influence
those of Texas to change their meth
ods the Texas Industrial Congress
offered and paid in 1911, $10,000 in
gold as premiums or prizes for every
farmer of any age who produced the
best results in the class In which he
was a contestant. There were no
entrance fees, obligations or charges
of any kind.
Should Attend to More Immediate
Necessities.
If there is such a big deficit in the
State Treasury cannot the refurnish
ing of the Executive Mansion be put
off for matters of more immediate
necessity? Greensboro Patriot.
, ..,. ... . ,
i "" - -- - : . 1
BRYAN NOT CANDIDATE
It u 5af g cstd he Does Net Thhk
There Will be Any Hsssr ia
the Next Neshatka
MIL WILSON CAUSES SURPRISE
Flatly Refused President Tart's Of
fer to Keep Him Informed ob Im
portant Matter Now Before the
President and -Departments A
Mort Incomplete Congre Pen
sion List Swelled to 180,000,000
What President Garfield Said
About Pensions He Thought the
lVntdon List Should Grow Smaller
Each Year.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C. Feb. 25. 19ll
Word has just reached Washington
from President-elect Wilson that he
will call Congress to meet in extra
session on April 1. It is also under
stood that the new President will
cover other subjects besides the ta
riff, including reform of the currency,
in his message.
Wilson Refuses Taft's Offer.
It has also just been learned that
President-elect Wilson has flatly de
clined an offer, recently made to him
by President Taft, to not only keep
him informed about important mat
ters that are now before the Presi
dent and the Departments, but also
to confer with him, if he desired, so
that the action taken by this adminis
tration, in its closing days, would be
in harmony with the policy of the
new administration. Much surprise
has-been expressed by legislators
here, of all parties, at Mr. Wilson's
declination of this very proper and
patriotic offer on the part of Presi
dent Taft.
A number of the leading Democrat
ic Congressmen are much worried
l at Mr. Wilson's course. It is pointed
out that a week from to-day Mr. Wil
son, who has never had any experi
ence in -public life except as-Govfef-
nor or New Jersey, will have to take
up the threads of the many very im
portant affairs of this great govern
ment, with many crtical matters
needing instant attention. It is also
pointed out that President-elect Wil
son has announced that he intends to
name a full Cabinet on March 4. It
is certain that many, if not all of
these men, will be entirely unac
quainted with the duties of the offices
to which they will be appointed. It
is clear to every one that President
Wilson and his new Cabinet, no mat
ter how able they may be, will not be
in a position to carry on the import
ant work of the Government without
delay and embarrassment, especially
under the present conditions.
If President-elect Wilson Bhould
not confer about anything else, it is
inconceivable that he should not want
to confer on the Mexican situation,
not only to be informed as to the
present state of things, but in order
that he and President Taft might,
each day, work in harmony as to the
best steps to take to protect American
lives and property, and indeed, the
lives and property of all foreigners
in Mexico.
'A Most Incompetent Congress."
Congressman Dalzell, of Pennsyl
vania, one of the oldest and most ex
perienced Congressmen, at the capital,
a fe wdays since, reviewed the record
of the present Democratic Congress.
He showed that the things that the
Democrats had promised to do had
been left undone, and that the things
that they had promised not to do,
they had done with a vengeance.
Mr. Dalzell was trying to get the
Democratic Cofamittee on Rules to
take up the Workmen's Compensa
tion Act. When he failed to get this
done he showed that this was a meas
ure that the Democratic" party had
promised to pass; that they now had
the power to do it and yet refused.
He also pointed out that they were
wasting time on a number of use
less and unimportant matters, such
as "the Webb Ahtl-LIquor Bill."
which showed was a fraud at the
best. He said if they wanted to pass
an effective bill to prohibit the ship
ment of liquor into prohibition States
that then they would have adopted
the Senate Kenyon bill. He said it
was clear their purpose was to fool
the people, while, in fact, doing noth
ing. He also reminded the Democrats of
their promises and loud protestations
In favor of economy, and then pro
ceeded to show that the appropria
tions made by this Congress was the
most extravagant in the history of
the Government.
Mr. Dalzell concluded his speech
by saying:
"I submit that this is only
another evidence of the fact that
when history comes to record
the story of this Congress, it will
pronounce this the moat Incom
petent and useless Congress that
ever sat under the dome of the
eapltol."
It was only a few days ago that
Mann, the Republican minority lead
er in the House, declared that it was
clear that the business of the Govern
ment was in the hands of "an unor
ganized mob."
The Fright! IVnOoa Li a.
In this connection it should be no
ticed that the pension bill prepared
and passed by this Democratic House
carries an appropriation of over
$110,000,000. ThU U by far the larg
est pension bill ever passed. Outside
of the small amount of these pen
sions that go to soldiers and sailors
In the late Spanish War, all of it goes
to supposed sailors and soldiers In
tie War Between the States, which
ended nearly fifty years ago.
A boy who was twenty years old.
as a soldier in that war, would to-day
be nearly seventy years of age. A
soldier who was thirty years of age,
would to-day he eighty, and there are
not living to-day but a handful of
soldiers in that war, who are eighty
years of age. and whose health was
so Impaired by the war that they
should be entitled to a pension. The
average age of the soldiers in that
war was certainly not far from forty
years of age, and to-day every man
who was forty years of age then is
dead, and yet the pension roll grows,
and the greatest Increase in It has
been made by this Democratic Con
gress. What President Garfield Said About
Pensions.
In 1872 the late President Garfield,
then one of the leaders on the floor of
Congress, himself a soldier in that
war, protested against the size of the
Pension Appropritalon Bill of that
year because it had reached the sum
of $34,000,000. Mr. Garfield at that
which was over forty years ago, said,
in a speech on the floor of the House,
that there was no excuse for a pen
sion bill reaching such an enormous
figure as $34,000,000. He said that
it was not possible for there to be
enough men living at that time who
were entitled to a pension to run the
appropriation to tha figure. w He-said
In that speech that it was the duty of
Congress to see to it that the pension
roll was never increased, and that
then the natural death-rate of those
who were on the pension roll would
rapidly reduce the amount of the ap
propriation so that within twenty
years the sum would not amount to
more than fifteen or twenty million
dollars, and that at the end of forty
years it would practically be wiped
out.
It is now forty-one years since
that speech was made, and instead
of the pension roll dwindling to al
most nothing, it has to-day grown
until it is almost five times bigger
than it was when Garfield made that
speech; and the shame of It all is that
this last great increase in pensions
was made by a Democratic House
just before the last campaign open
ed, which was a bold theft of money
In the public treasury, to be used in
trying to buy the old soldiers' vote.
Mr. Bryan Xot a Candidate
Word has just reached Washington;
that Mr. Bryan has declared that he!
would not be a Democratic candidate,
for the Democratic nomination' four
years from now, and that he was In
favor of Mr. Wilson being renomi
nated. This decision on the part of
Mr. Bryan must have been brought
about by his study of the awful rec
ord which the Democratic Congress is
making. He, no doubt, sees clearly
that a Democratic nomination four
years from now will be an empty and
burdensome honor and he Is willing
to throw that to Wilson.
Three Children Burned to Death
While Mother Was From Home.
' Elkins, W. Va.. Feb. 24. Three
small children were cremated and
their mother probably Xatally burned
in a fire to-day which destroyed the
home of Hubert Slough, a railroad
man, at Oxley, thirty-seven miles
from here. The mother was visiting
a neighbor when the fire occurred.
A fourth child, who escaped, sound
ed an alarm and when rescuers
reached the house they found the
charred bodies of the three children
under a large cook stove, where ap
parently they had taken refuge. Mrs.
Slough arrived during the height of
the flames. She forced her way Into
the house in a vain effort to save her
little ones.
Took 040 Ont of the Bank; Ixst It.
Mr. A. J. Jones, a farmer-living
near Speed, N. C, lost or was robbed
of $540 In currency In Tarboro Fri
day morning. Mr. Jones received a
check on the First National Bank
for $640, the proceeds of his crop.
He presented It at the bank and de
manded the currency. While going
into a store to pay his account he
discovered that the roll had disap
peared. Tarboro Southerner.
I . " - I -m I -
REAL ANCIENT HISTORY
FtsuJ Work b Uakbg tkc Khrd
el Great LViiiia
DEATH OF A GREAT MAN
Cttaage ia World Map Tows asm! '
i
Cooatrj IV$4 at tkkl Ttx ;
i
"South Sem HwIsmS1" -4ref UrtU
aJa ajmI Kpl at War Kerrrsi Ad !
ttti&itrtlta CKaag'e UUtot
Much tiaJ.
Correspondence of The CauraaUn
Enterprtse. Bilklnsvile. N. C, Feb. 24. IMS.
Although several
murwpim naa
been made to unite England an Srot -
land, hit u not finally cloeed up n -
til M.rrh 5S t?o? ki-
. ..... - "
ov the ratification ov the meatare
passed by Parliament, though the
final touches were put on until Msy
1 ov that year?
In 1711 Great Britain suffered a
loss ov the services ov the Duke ov
Marlborough. This great fighter had
never failed to take any city he at
tacked an' hit iz claimed that no for
tifications had ever stood in hit way.
But he finally fell before a great
temptation in the form ov a bribe
which iz said to hev been offered i
him in connection with a contract to
supply bred to the British army, the!
sum he iz said to her riv
amounting to about $30,000. The
Queen dismissed him from all em -
Pioyment soon thereafter. What
pity!
Ov the Duke ov Marborough
, i ,k. .v..
hit wuz said that durin the nine-year j
war with France, which had been
closed, the Duke had never beseiged
a city which he did not take an no
fortifications had ever stood when he
led an attack. But he could not re
sist when the "easy money" wuz in
sight.
The Duke of Ormond succeeded az
commander-in-chief ov the army ov
Great Britain.
The end ov the British-French War
caused changes in the map ov the!
world.
, - . u v.. ,u.uu vr
France. The fortifications ov Dun
kirk were demolished. Spain gave
up Gilbralter and the island ov Min
orca, an then the great fortress fell
to the British, an they still hold hit.
France awlso gave up her claims az
to Hudson's Bay an Nova Scotia an
j New Foundland, and this later be-
came interesting to Americans.
The death ov the Queen wuz the
next event to stir Great Britain. It
iz claimed that she wuz a good wo
man, more fitted to govern a home
than a great country, but that wuz a
good record anyway. .
George the first became ruler. He
wuz more than fifty years ov age an
that ought to hev added to hlz fitness.
The new King wuz soon busy for civil
war wuz on again, in Scotland az
well az in that portion ov the coun
try formerly known az England.
Several prominent citizens were
placed In prison on account ov re
bellious tactics. But the seeds had
been sown an 'the people or Great
Britain were not likely to witness a
long period ov peace. When the Eng
lish, Scotch, an Irish got mixed up'
In those days there wuz bound to be I
some exsitement. No matter In whati
section they lived there were a gude
many people who were "agin the gov
ernment." The rebellion didn't pan
out much an some ov the ring-lead
ers were executed.
George I. ruled for fourteen years
as- died or paralysis. George II.
succeeded him. This caused a di
vision among the people, the parties
being known as "town" people an
"country" people, the "town" people
beln those who stood by the adminis
tration while the country people, the
real farmers, failed to enthuse,
though the reason lx not given.
In 1721 the "South Sea Company"
wuz formed in Great Britain. Hit
wuz close akin to the "Mississippi
Company" which had ruined most or
tne wealthy citizens or France five
years previous. The South Sea Com
pany proposed to buy up the claims
held by smaller companies ar&intt
the government an reduce govern
ment expense. Bnt how they pro
posed to do awl thia wuz never fully
explained. At any rate the thousands
ov men who were induced to put
their savings Into the scheme. In a
fern- months the whole thing went to
piece an nearly awl ov the stock
holders lost the millions or dollars
they had put Into hit. No one could
explain why hit proved such a fail
ure, so far az I know.
For some years the finances or
Great Britain had been getting In a
bad
way, the debts amounting to
more man $100,000,000. The peo
ple who had to dig op the cash natu
rally became alarmed.
In 1739 war was declared against
Spain. There wz some fitin but
hit did not last long.
In 1745 Prince Charles, grandson
Jam II. took, a (mm at
Kiag ot Crest Britain He was
tatoited ia a ar waka ei a
good deal v trouble vttbost
proat. llt he ess to 0t W
worklag In the alter! ov sis father.
Bat for a few years tlttl ar or ros
ov one aiad as' another toe ep t
time ot the people, bt mm mwm was
I aro p!
At ever.
ZKKE fllLKt.Yft.
Tin: i:w hevkxvk ait.
Srm IUjU erf .wptiwrt asvd m Tax
rulMiM My fe-. aS Talk
f a Complete 5trw AwMNuamemt ef
Property lWliM. !trrt Are
I
j A special from Hal-lgh to Ut a
! days Charlotte Observer says:
Th. jit k-. ,
f n " L Zt' r i p ZZS J
! lLtf 3'?'COOt "4
cnaire.
i n a Mmiiiei i. Jk . m
has completed Its draft of the new
revenue and machinery bills that are
to be Inlrodaced In both braacbe
of the Legislature early neit week,
hiving placed the bills la the hands
of the State Printers for Introduction
in printed form. In the meantime
members of the committee will make
no statement of definite provisions of
the bills.
"An lncreas of at least $3(0.000
In the State's revenue is aimed at in
the bills without raising tax levies on
t""' lJ on means somethlne Ilk.
tl AAA AAi ... . .
o. . . ,nB,eaa or
I w"w 'ir f"M present. He
ai4iliatr4 alt... a m .
, . ' ! " ,nr "mnery Act Is
1 1!!? C,p'i on to b
I IWlslly effective in co.lectln rete-
! ZCi 'JT 7' , Iaa9rnnc
jcnlses and kindred sources. Thm rm.
! fills tfll-l liiAaMa. f I . -
.-I-I I m... . m. m -
iiuu.uuq, instead of
$40,000 from Incomes; $100,000
from inheritances, instead of $$0 -000;
$150,000 from franchises, in
stead of $51,000.
"Only fourteen more days remain
for this session and two of these will
be Sundays, and the adjustment of
the Revenue and Machinery bills will
be the absorbing work for the re-
mainder of the session.
"It Is conceded that there will b
a special session next fall and Indlca-
i r
create a State Tax Commission, have
a complete new property assessment;
in the meantime with the pledge that
no more taxes shall be raised under
the new assessment this year than
last except as required to provide the
six months' school terms.
"It is learned that the new revenue
bill provides for a franchise tax on
corporations of one-tenth of on per
cent of the capital stock, a very de
cided increase over the present rate,
meaning that a number of the larger
cotton mills in the State, for instance
will pay as much as $1,500 addition
al franchise taxes. Also, the bill car
ries changes in the income tax that
fix the minimum untaxed item at $1,
700. with a graduated scale on addi
tional incomes that reaches three per
cent for incomes of $5,000, with ma
chinery to assure listing not accom
plished in the past.
"The inheritance tax scales and en
forcement are being similarly ban
died in the bill. The committee is
understood to be making no prepan
tion for any bond issue for the pres
ent heavy indebtedness, and business
interests seem apprehensive that the
plan Is one to take alt permanent Im
provement Indebtedness out of cur
rent taxes Instead of Issuing bonds,"
HAYH RATES WILL BE REMEDIED
Governor Craig Care Out HtaUcnent
Lat Night After Con terrace With
lUilroad Men.
After Governor Craig and the spe
cial legislative committe had held
their conference with the represen
tatives of the railroads yesterday,
the Governor gave out a statement
last night stating that the railroads
had agreed to change the North Car
olina freight rate and put this State
on an equal footing with Virginia.
Jnst when this is to be done, or the
exact text of the agreement; has not
been made public.
He'd Got Religioau
"Parsons," exclaimed Eparalm,
"I'se got 'liglon, I tell you!"
That'a fine. brother! Too are go
ing to lay aside all sin!"
"Yes. sab."
"You're going to church!"
"Yea, sah-ree."
"You are going to care for the
widows?"
"Ah, yes sah."
"You are going to pay all your
debts?"
"Sah? Dat ain't Hgtoa; dat's bus
iness." Judge.
The Latest Ont.
The young man was disconsolate.
She said: "I asked her if I could
see her home." "Why. certainly,"
she answered; "I will send you a pic
ture of it." Ladies' Home JaarnaL
    

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