North Carolina Newspapers

No. 3.
The Reigns of Government Changes
Hinds From Top to Bottom
The Weather Was God and Great
est Crowd on Hand That Ever At
tended an Inauguration Number
fnst e-Seekers Helped Swell the
Attendance President Wilson's
Speech Shortest on Record Dealt
Only in Generalities A Great Wo
man's Buffi-age Parade Was Im
pressive and Spectacular.
Washington, D. C, March 4, 1913.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Today at noon the government of
this great country changes hands
from top to bottom. In Its manner
It was in striking contrast to the way
that the Republic of Mexico has Just
changed hands, but it remains to be
seen whether or not tho results for
this country will be any better.
The weather is remarkably good
and caused the greatest outpouring
of people ever seen at an Inaugura
tion. President Wilsons Inaugural Address
The address of President Wilson at
the east front of the capitol today at
12:30 was listened to by a vast
throng, but they were not kept wait
ing long. The speech was the short
est ever recorded. It was, however,
'noted for another thing, and that is
that he said nothing but a few glit
tering generalities, such as he ex
pressed many times in the last cam
paign. Many were heard to remark
that they did not know now where he
stood on any question any more than
they knew before.
A Great Crowd of Democratic Office
Seekers. The great crowd here from outside
the city seems to be largely made up
of Democratic office-seekers. They
have that appearance. Nine men out
of ten seen on the streets has just the
look of one who wanted to be post
masters in his town and who came
here expecting to take the office back
in his pocket. Some of them were heard
to cuss out President Taft's orders
putting many thousand federal office
holders under the civil service; while
others expressed gratification that
fourteen hundred of the appoint
ments sent to the Senate by President
Taft had been defeated of confirma
tion by the filibuster of the Democrats
in the U. S. Senate.
The Great Woman's Suffrage Parade.
On yesterday there occurred a pa
rade on Pennsylvania Avenue here
that was greater in every way than
the Presidential parade of today. It
was the parade of the American lead
ers for full woman suffrage. They
got the permission of Congress to pa
rade from the capitol to the white
house. There were over 5,00 women
of all stations of life in the parade.
The crowds that thronged that fa
mous avenue to see that parade were
greater in number and enthusiasm
than the crowds on the avenne today.
Besides, it was one of the most im
pressive and spectacular parades ever
seen In this or any other country.
Urea the Senators and members of
the House of Representatives from
all of the States which hare woman
suffrage left Congress and marched
in the parade. This shows how strong
and powerful are the women in those
States. There are many things that
we would like to write for The Cau
casian, hut time and space forbid.
They will be In our next letter.
Where Will the Money Come Prom?
Union Republican.
Democrats boast of their school
record ia this State, but with all the
school tax now being levied and col
lected the distribution of S100,00t of
State funds for school purposes in
pauper eeuntles and special district
taxes levied we have at present only
a four months' school. It would be
interesting to know how much the
State will have to contribute and
where the money is to come front for
a six months' term.
Hard on the Democrats.
We are told that Mr. Wilson will
shake the plum tree very slightly at
first. According to the friends of
the President-elect he is not special
ly seeking the opportunity to bestow
offices right and left. On the other
hand, he is reported to be of opinion
that the best thing for him to do as
a Democratic President Is to exer
cise animated moderation in bestow
ing gifts to Democrats who fill the
want column to overflow. We be-.
lieve the rule of service Is going to
apply largely with the new President
even though it is hard on the party.
Salisbury Post.
Mr. Taft, as a Yale professor, will
receive 15,000 a year.
The sale of cigarettes in Vldalla,
Ga., has been limited by law to fif
teen minutes a day.
Dr. J. T. Haitt made an unsuccess
ful attempt to commit suicide in
Charlotte Sunday night.
The Charlotte Observer says that
Mrs. Mary McClure, of Davidson, who
died recently, left $10,006 to David
son College.
Fire destroyed seven dwelling
houses on the outskirts of Salisbury
Friday night with a loss of $4,000.
The houses belonged to W. II. Wood
son. Mr. Chas. D. Hilles, former Secre
tary to President Taft. will go to New
York as resident manager of an in
surance company at a salary of $20,
000 a year.
Harrison Conner shot and killed
Walker Crow near Charlotte Sunday
night. Conner objected to Crow
walking with his girl. All parties
were colored.
A site has been selected and plans
outlined for the erection of a gener
al dining hall at the University, to
accommodate 600 to 900 students.
The cost will be about $40,000.
Mrs. Henrietta Settle Reid, widow
of the late Governor David S. Reid,
died Sunday night at he home In
Reidsville. Mrs. Reid was a sister of
the late Judge Thomas Settle.
Tony Costello was sentenced to
eight years in Sing Sing prison, N. Y.,
for "stabbing" a man to death with a
revolver. Costello pushed the revol
ver in his opponent's eye through to
the brain.
An anti-trust suit filed at Detroit,
Mich., Monday against the Burroughs
Adding Maachine Company, was fol
lowed immediately by an agreed de
cree terminating alleged unfair prac
tices. Secretary of State Knox a few days
ago issued a formal announcement to
the public that the income tax
amendment is now a part of the con
stitution, having been ratified by
more than three-fourths of the
A double tragedy occurred in the
residence section of Roanoke, , Va.,
Thursday afternoon, when David E.
Linkenhoker shot and killed Mrs.
Warren L. Painter and then turned
the revolver on himself and ended his
own life.
President Taft Tuesday night sum
marily dismissed from office Thad
deus S. Sharretts and Roy H. Cham
berlain, members of the Board of
United States General Appraisers at
New York, "because of malfeasance
in office."
Carl Jennings, eleven -year-old son
of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Jennings, of
Gibsonville, Guilford county, was ac
cidentally killed by a playmate ti
day. Yeung Jennings and his play
mates were playing "Indian" when
the "unloaded" gun got In Its fatal
Dissolution of the Corn Products
Refining Company, an alleged starch,
glucose and syrup "trust," is sought
by the Federal Government in a civil
anti-trust suit filed in New York Sat
urday charging the $80,000,000 com
bination with entering conspiracies
and contracts to destroy competition
in violation of the Serman law.
The "threat trust" was attacked
by the Government in a civil anti
trast suit seeking dissolution of the
alleged attempted monopoly by the
"Coats interests" of Great Britain of
the thread trade of the United States
including that of the American
thread company itself, a consolida
tion of fourteen American compa
nies. Seventeen Zapatistas, who carried
their vocation of looting and murder
to the edge of the federal district,
eight miles from. Mexico City, were
captured a few days ago and exe
cuted. Juan Vargas, commander of
the rurales sent a terse message to
President Hueurta, in which he said:
"I have the honor to report the exe
cution of seventeen bandits, taken in
outtlawry and rebellion."
One Democrat Cooled Off Before the
Greensboro News.
Somehow since we have learned
that negro women of Washington are
to take a prominent part in it, our
interest in the suffragette parade has
cooled off considerably.
Revolationarr Troops Defeated tht
Government Troops and Displayed
Great Cruelty
Hank of England Had Hard Time
Britons Hired Troops From Several
Countries Meeting on Account of
Lack of Wages War With France
and Spain at the Same Time
Russia and Germany Help the
British Fight Napoleon Appears.
(Correspondence of The Caucasian
Enterprise.) Bilkinsville, N. C. March 4, 1913.
While hit may seem strange, yet
hit lz stated az a historical fact that
during the seventeenth centuhry,
durin' a prevalence or a civil war
revolutionary troops defeated the
government troops at Culloden. They
displayed great cruelty, refusing to
grant quarters to the wounded, the
unarmed, and defenceless.
In 1756 the British undertook a
big job, that ov conquerin' the Amer
ican colonies an' to discourage the
French in any attempt to take Can
ada or assist the American colonists.
At the same time the British had a
war going on in Germany, and' more
or less flghtin' In France. But
France finally gave up the idea ov
Canadian territory, an the British
delayed the main attempt to hold
the colonists until hit wuz too late,
though another effort wuz made
some twenty years later when the
revolutionary war wuz the outcome.
France had a large population in
Canada, especially at Quebec, an'
about Niagara Falls.
On the 23rd ov October, 1763,
George II. died. He had been King
thirty-three years. George III. suc
ceeded him.
In 1763 the charter ov the bank of
England wuz renewed. This great
financial institution practically ruled
the finances ov Great Britain does
yet, for that matcer. The promoters
ov this bank gave the Government
about six millions ov dollars at this
time. The Government awlso began
to get up plans to tax the American
colonies heavily. The colonies had
more than two millions ov people an'
were considered good subjects for
taxation. They stood it for a time.
But was a few years later led to re
lief from British dominion.
By this time the British had made
much headway in controllin' the peo
ple ov India. The financiers had
great plans on foot to relieve the
people ov that country ov awl they
could make an' soon had about awl
in site. A famine wuz the result an'
the Government wuz forced to return
part ov the funds taken from the
people ov India.
A little later the American colon
ists began to protest against the in
justice ov English rule an later sent
a strong petition to the ruler ov that
country. The high tax placed upon
tea wuz probably the main cause ov
complaint, though there were many
things considered unsatisfactory ,all
ov which added together caused the
Revolutionary War which lasted
nearly eight years. Ov course, your
readers are familiar with that stormy
Near the end ov the seventeenth
century the. long drawn-out war be
tween the British an' French practi
cally came to an end. Great Britain
had p faced a large number ov Ger
man soldiers on her pay rolls to help
carry on the war. Some Spanish
soldiers were hired, too, for there
wuz no internatloaal law against
such practices at the time. The Duke
of York had im addition to Spanish
troops, Austrians an' Hollanders.
The French were quite successful in
many battles, especially along the
river Rhine. In 1794 Howe gained a
victory over the French fleet which
wuz conveyin' a fleet ov sail ships
carryin grain from America. The
British gained a victory, but the
French got most ov their ships
through, This wuz one ov the great
est naval battles over fought up to
that time, though the ships were the
old-fashioned kind using sails.
A short time later the British navy
mutined. The men claimed they did
not get pay enough and that the pro
visions were short. This threatened
to prove serious, but wuz finally set
tled in a satisfactory way. The King
granted a general pardon to awl the
sailors who would return to their
posts an' most ov the officers were
reinstated. But this peace wuz ov
short duration, the clamor for more
pay an prompt pay continued. The
warships soon blocked up the river
Thames an refused the right ov or
dinary ships to go up or down the
river. An ordinary seaman. Rich
ard Parker, wuz chosen az comman
der ov the fleet. The red flags were
displayed from the masts ov the
ships for several weeks. Parker an
others were tried an' a number or
them were convicted an executed.
The fear ov an invasion by foreign
armies nearly wrecked the Bank cf
Kagland. Much silver an gold taoa
ey wuz removed to regions far from
the coast an this caused a shortage
ov funds in the bank an tbreateael
the stability ov the whole country,
though matters were finally settled.
The British navy had a good deal
ov work for a time. Spain wuz per
suaded to declare war against Great
Britain by France. A joint fleet ov
Spanish an' French ships attacked a
portion ov the British nary, the Brit
ish winning the battle. The same
year the French navy landed a large
force in Egypt. Admiral Nelson,
commanding one wing ov the British
navpr followed an hit wuz not long
till i the British formed a coalition
Witt Russia an' Germany against the
French. Austria wuz drawn into the
row an' among them awl France
could not do much. By this time Na
poleon Bonaparte appeared az a mak
er av world history. He then had a
high position in the French army in
Egypt. He addressed a letter to the
King ov Great Britain on the subject
ov general peace. But the English
ruler had an Idea that the French
could give no guarantee. Napoleon
went ahead with hiz program an de
feated the Austrians. The Danes,
Sweeds, an' Prussians were admirers
ov Napoleon an' were ready to join
France against Great Britain.
Ia the years 1799 an 1800 crops
were almost a failure in Great Brit
ain an this caused the rulers an
army officers to hev a new object to
hold their close attention. The ship
ment ov foodstuffs were prohibited
for a time, an' this saved the Brit
ishers, though hit muBt hev caused
much want in India an' elsewhere.
Az ever,
The Debating Union Will Have Their
Final Contest To-morrow Night at
Chapel Hill.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Chapel Hill, N. C, March 3. A
program of the exercises of the 118 th
anral commencement of the Uni
versity, of North Carolina has been
arranged. Contrary to the custom
of previous years, the exercises will
begin on Sunday and conclude with
commencement day on Wednesday.
Sunday, June 1, markB the opening
day of commencement with the bac
calaureate sermon, delivered by Dr.
E. Y. Mullins, President of the
Louisville, Ky., Baptist Theological
Seminary. Monday, June 2, will be
observed as class day exercises. On
Monday afternoon, the Confederate
monument, erected to those students
who left college to take up arms, will
be unveiled. Governor Locke Craig
will be the speaker of this occasion.
Tuesday, June 3, will be Alumni Day.
Right Rev. Robert Strange, of Wil
mington, is the alumni speaker. The
commencement day proper will be
Wednesday, June 4. Vice-President
Thomas R. Marshall will be present
and deliver an address.
Sixteen of the ninety school en
listed in the first preliminary contest
instituted by the "Debating Union of
North Carolina" were victorious in
the triangular debates, thus entitling
them to compete in the final contest
for the Aycock Memorial Cup. The
f nal contest is to be staged at Chapel
Hill on the night of March 7. The
following schools will clash in foren
sic fray on that date over the Ques
tion of "Woman Suffrage": Durham,
Stoneville, Philadelphus, Haw Fields,
Concord, Morganton, Liberty, Har
mony, Mt. Pleasant, Lumberton, Hen
dersonville, Oxford, Cooleemee, Holly
Springs, Stem, and Pleasant Garden.
To the credit of only two counties In
the State can be attached the dis
tinct honor of sending two schools
for the final debate; namely, Gran
ville and Cabarrus.
A site was selected and general
plans outlined for the erection of a
$40,000.00 dining hall for the State
University during the past week.
The contract for the construction
will be let in a few days and work
on the structure will start at once,
in order to complete the hall ready
for occupancy at the opening of the
next college year.
Believe Madero's Resignation a
A dispatch from San Antonia, Tex.,
Saturday says:
"The purported resignation of the
late President Madero was to-day de
clared by R. V. Pasqulera, a member
of the Mexican Chamber of Deputies,
to be a forgery by those who killed
him to give color of legality to the
Huerta administration. Mr. Pes
qulera is now a refugee in San An
tonio. He asserted that Madero
Vice-President Suarez were killed be
cause they refused to resign so they
could not deny their their resigna
tion. Senor Pesquirra has wired this
statement of his convictions to Washington."
President and Vice-President Took
Oitn of Office b WasHagtca
Toetdajr Noon
lie? meiitAti r of Foreign .Nation j
Take Part in the CVnirvooJew -Mr. i
Taft am! Mr. Wllnon I tide ia Same '
CWrUg to Capitol Mr. Taft Waa
Occupied Until Noon Signing Mr- ;
arm Iaed in the Closing Hoars
of (Vuvxtw Inaugural iTogrson
Covered a Period of Five Hours.
Woodrow Wilson and Thos. S.
Marshall Tuesday took the oath of
office as President and Vice-President
respectively. An immense crowd waa
in Washington to attend the ceremon
ies Incident to the inauguration and j
things passed off more smoothly than i
on the day previous when tho suffra-i
gettes attempted their parade down j
Pennsylvania Avenue. j
The Cabinet. j
The following list is given as Pres-j
(dent Wtlatri'a iaklnat- I
Secretary of State William Jen
nings Bryan, of Nebraska.
Secretary of the Treasury Wil
liam G. McAdoo, of New York.
Secretary of War Lindley M. Gar
rison, of New Jersey.
Attorney General James McRoy
nolds, of Tennessee.
Postmaster General Albert S.
Burleson, of Texas.
Secretary of the Navy Josephus
Daniels, of North Carolina.
Secretary of the Interior Frank
lin K. Lane, of California.
Secretary of Agriculture David
F. Houston, of Missouri.
Secretary of Commerce William
C. Redfleld, of New York.
Secretary of Labor William B.
Wilson, of Pennsylvania.
The position of Secretary, of Labor
was note created until Tuesday morn
ing, when President Taft signed the
measure which had been passed by
The Inaugural Ceremonies.
Washington, March 4. Woodrow
Wilson was today inaugurated as
President of the United States, with
Thomas R. Marshall as Vice-President
amid scenes of stirring anima
tion and with Impressive ceremonies,
marked in the main by simplicity,
and yet retaining that degree of dig
nity, with some of the pomp and
spectacular display which Inevitably
attaches to the induction of a new
chief executive of the nation.
The elaborate ceremonies of the
day followed a fixed program cover
ing practically five hours. It began
in the morning with the drive of the
President, President-elect and Vice-President-elect
from the white house
to the capitol, where until noon Mr.
Taft was occupied with the measures
passed in the closing hours of the
sixty-second Congress.
The inauguration of Vice-President
Marshall was fixed to occur
shortly after noon, along with the as
sembling of the new Senate and the
swearing In of new Senators. Fol
lowing this, toward 1 p. m., the chief
ceremony of the day, the inaugura
tion of President Wilson, occurred at
the east front of the capitol. Then
came the return of the Presidential
party to the white house and the re
view of the inaugural parade, lasting
well along Into the afternoon.
Wilson's Inaugural Address.
Mr. Wilson first spoke of the Dem
ocratic victory in the House two years
ago and of the complete change made
by the returns of the last election.
He admonished his friends that It
meant more than the mere success of
a party. That it is now up to their
party to make good to the people.
Following are some of the more lra
partant things to be dene as summar
ized by Mr. Wilson:
"We have itemized with some de
gree of particularity the things that
ought to be altered and here are
some of the chief ltem: A tariff
which cuts us off from our proper
part in the commerce of the world,
violates the Just principles of taxa
tion, and makes the government a
facile Instrument In the hands of pri
vate Interests; a banking and curren
cy system based upon the necessity of
the government to sell its bonds fifty
years ago and perfectly adapted to
concentrating cash and restricting
credits; and industrial system which,
take it on all its sides, financial as
well as administrative, holds capital
In leading strings, restricts the liber
ties and limits the opportunities of
labor, and exploits without renewing
or conserving the natural resources
of the country; a body of agricultural
activities never yet given the efficien
cy of great business undertakings or
served as It should be through the
Instrumentality of science taken dl-
: rectly to the fares, or a5ar44 U ?a
cllltle of ctdn beet suit! !o IU
rractscal ei; waUrcor sad'
!ofe4. vast (laree carcia4sd,
fere: ssstusded. fast dtaafjwNkrtsf
'about plan or prosp-ect of real.
usrrrarded wast feeape at ery
ei&e. We bat atst4 as prhap
no other Ratios baa lb cost elective
isea&s of prodactioa. bet have
cot studied cost or eooaoay as we
should either as orcaaitem of l&das
try. as stateasen. or a ladttldiiat.
Ift the Hit Month.' rax4 1U11 a
Square IMsJ? Whrr Is Ut Eatra
Moor; ?o Vjn From?
We are Informed that lb six
months' school bill baa th eador
meat of the Teachers Assembly, the
Farmers' Union, and so oa.
We pay Btate taxes for State pur
pose, and e respectfully submit
that no State purpos la of more im
portance than the public school.
This new six months' school bill ealy
Increases the appropriation from the.
State Treasury o the schools of all
the people to the extent of tb UttU
sum of twenty-five thousand dollars
and the rest of the money for the sit
months school. If we have them, will
have to be raised by the people them
selves. In other words, this six
months' school bill that baa such
high endorsement gives the people
of North Carolina the glorious priv
ilege of taxing themselves for a six
months' school.
Our people ought to have four
hundred thousand dollars to coma
direct to them from the treasury out
of the State taxes they now pay and
would havo if the public money of
North Carolina was spent as It should
be and the children of this Stato giv
en a square deal.
The new bill appropriates $250,000
to be apportioned to all the counties
on a per capita basis of school popu
lation. We now have $225.00 one
hundred thousand of which has been
used to bring up to four months the
schools In the smaller counties. So
the real help we are to receive direct
from the State Treasury will be less
than It now Is, as all the counties
will share per capita in the $250,000.
Then we are to have a uniform
levy of five cents on all property In
the State to bring the schools on to
wards the six months, but bear in
mind, before Catawba County and
more than half of the counties in the
State that have received aid to run a
four months' school, can share In the
five cents tax, they will have to ialso
money enough at home for the four
months' school.
Under this new bill more than half
of the countiea will be In a worse
condition than they now are. If we
are rightly Informed. If we are not
we want light on the subject. We
have stood for a six months school,
but under this bill the children of
this State's greatest Interest are not
given a square deal, as we see it.
Catawba County News.
Mr. McIUe, of Harnett, Give Up
Ills Whisker.
"Mh. Philip McRae, who lives near
Broadway,- in Harnett County, and
who made a vow when William Jen
nings Bryan was a candidate for the
Presidency In 1896, that he would
not cut his hair or ahave again until
a Democrat was elected President,
has kept that vow. He went to a
barber shop at Lllllngton last week
and had the hair and whiskers of
nearly seventeen years' growth re
moved." The above item has been going
the rounds of the press for the past
week or more. If the writer has been
correctly informed, Mr. McRae visit
ed the barber Just a little too soon.
The, writer has been informed on
several different occasions, by citi
zens of Harnett County, that Mr. Mc
Rae was to stay away from the bir
ber shop nntll Bryan was sleeted
President. Of course. It may be that
Mr. McRae has decided that Mr. Bry
an will really run the Wilson ad
minlstratlen, and on the strength of
that, thought he could afford to have
his hair cut.
Error In Judge Oonors Ilulin la
North Carolina Admiralty Caae,
Richmond. Va., March I. Judge
Connor erred in entering a decree In
the District Court at New Bern, S.
C, giving North Carolina claimants
priority over the claimants from
Pennsylvania In the admlrality case
involving the steam dredge A. which
was libeled for repairs, supplies and
other necessaries while engaged in
the work of deepening the harbor at
Beaufort, N. C, in August, 1911.
So decided the Federal Circuit Court
of Appeals In an opinion to-diy when
the matter was remanded for an
other hearing.
Father a Mere Fraction.
(Cincinnati Enquirer.)
The average size of the American
family is 4 1-3. The fraction repre
sents Father.

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