North Carolina Newspapers

    X HE
CAUCASIAN.
VOL. XXXI.
RALEIGH, IV. C, THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1913.
No. D.
BRYAN ANDTHECABINET
Some Think the Peerless One May
Leave Cabinet Before
End of Term
WILSON'S INAUGURAL ADDRESS
It Sounded Well Hut Contained Noth
ing That Was Definite or Tangible
A Hope That He 3Iay Become a
Ileal IrogTesive Has at Least
Shown a Disftosition to Smash
Some Precedent Why Mr. Dan
iels Was Made Secretary of the
Navy It is Known That He Desir-
ed to be Secretary of Interior or
Post master General.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, Mar. 11, 1913.
As stated in this letter last week,
Progressives generally, without re
gard to party, were disappointed in
President Wilson's inaugural ad
dress. It sounded well enough, but
in it there was nothing definite or
tangible. It couSd mean muoh or it
could mean nothing. In short, those
who heard or read it, were in the
same position they were left at the
end of the campaign. They could not
state concretely, a single reform for
which the President could be said to
have declared.
However, during the short time
since the 4th of March, what Presi
dent Wilson has done with reference
to the various duties that have come
before him, in his office, has created
a hope that he may develop into a
real substantial Progressive. He has,
at least, shown a disposition to smash
precedents, where they should seem
to be foolish or useless, and to show
a disposition to be, himself President,
instead of being controlled by what
might be termed "a click of politi
cians and interests." Such a starting
out is, at least, hopeful.
Mr. Bryan and the Cabinet.
President Wilson . declared, in a
statement issued just after the elec
tion, that in making up his cabinet,
he would, as a rule, not attempt to
place men in these positions as re
wards for political service or as po
litical expediency, but would look for
men, especially qualified for the var
ious important branches of the gov
ernment. In the main, it is believed
that he has tried to follow this course
in making up his cabinet. There has
been no little interest and curiosity
however, in trying to determine
which few members of the cabinet
were picked out as a reward for po
litical services, without making the
special qualifications of the man, the
chief consideration.
It is generally believed that Pres
ident Wilson tendered the position of
Secretary of State to Mr. Bryan for
the double reason that he not only
owed his nomination to him, but also
that he was as well qualified for the
place as any one else who could be
selected. Yet, there are some who
believe that President Wilson, while
he felt that he must tender the posi
tion to Mr. Bryan, did not believe
that he would accept it.
It is also known that a number of
Mr. Bryan's friends advised him
against accepting the place, feeling
that he would be a bigger man out of
the cabinet than in it. There were
other friends of Mr. Bryan, however,
who were in favor of him accepting
the position on the ground that he
could resign whenever any important
issue arose, on which he and the
President could not agree, and there
are not a few who believe that this
is what Mr. Bryan will do sooner or
later.
Mr. Daniels and the Cabinet.
The selection of Mr. Daniels for a
cabinet position is generally conceded
to be one purely political. No one
would contend Mr. Daniels contains
any special capacity or qualification
for such an important position. It is
known that Mr. Daniels was anxious
to be either, head of the Interior De
partment or Postmaster General.
These are two of the greatest busi
ness departments of the government,
and require for their heads, men of
experience, capacity and great execu
tive ability.
President Wilson seems to have
clearly understood the kind of men
needed at the heads of these depart
ments, and also understood that Mr.
Daniels was not qualified to be at the
head of either one.
The Navy Department is the one
department of the government which
the Democratic party is trying to
starve out, if not, to practically abol
ish, and it is noticeable that the Pres
ident placed Mr. Dantels at the head
of that department. If one can judge
from the trend of sentiment express
ed in Congress, about the Navy De
partment, the Democratic party
would be delighted if Mr. Daniels
fhouid make a complete failure and
wreck of the whole business. In
Ehort, under this administration, the
Navy Department is not expected to
do anything in a Progressive way, but
is simply expected to "mark time,"
if not to descend into a condition of
"dry rot." Therefore, Mr. Daniels
seems to be a fitting man for the head
of that Department.
Mr. Bryan's Selections.
It is understood that Mr. Bryan
wanted Mr. Henry, of Texas, placed
in the cabinet as Attorney General,
and Mr. Daniels as head of the Post
office Department. The President
turned down Mr. Henry, and instead
took Mr. Burleson, of Texas, to go
into his cabinet. ' He seems to have
conceded, Daniel's appointment to Mr.
Bryan, but to have shitted him to the
Navy Department, for the reasons
above given.
While every North Carolinian
would be pleased to have the State
represented in the cabinet of any
President, yet, one cannot fail to re
member that there were many other
North Carolinians who could fill the
cabinet position with so much more
credit to the Stae and who would
come nearer filling the seats formerly
occupied by Badger and Graham.
It has been suggested that Mr.
Bryan wanted Mr. Daniels, and oth
ers of his special friends in the cab
inet, so as to. not only increase his
influence in the cabinet, but also that
he might have friends who would re
tire from the cabinet with him, if he
should desire to retire. If this is
j truej then Mr. Bryan was not very
fortunate in his selection of Mr. Dan
iels for a cabinet position.
The Crime of Ingratitude.
Those who have known Mr. Dan
iels from his cradle up, know that he
is entirely wanting in gratitude. The
first act of his life was base ingrati
tude to Major Stanton, who furnish
ed the Wilson, N. C, postoffice to his
widowed mother.
Mr. Daniel's ingratitude to Sena
tor Vance is another striking illus
tration of his character or want of
character in this respect. Therefore,
if Mr. Bryan is relying upon Mr. Dan
iels to stand with him in the cabinet,
and to stand with him to the extent
of leaving the cabinet with him, if
such an occasion should arise, he may
prepare for a sore disappointment,
; for Mr. Daniels would turn his back
upon Mr. Bryan as quickly as he did
upon Major Stanton and Senator
Vance, if it should appear to be to
Mr. Daniel's advantage to do so, at
any time.
ANNUAL DEBATE OF HIGH
SCHOOLS.
Guilford County and Durham Carry
Off the Prizes in Contest at Chapel
Hill.
Chapel Hill, N. C, March 10.--The
first annual debate of "The High
School Debating Union of North
Carolina," which contest enlisted the
membership of 3G0 high school pu
pils and the enthusiasm of thou
sands of hearty sympathizers of the
State-wide movement, after a two
weeks 'sweeping debating-campaign,
reached its dramatic culmination in
Chapel Hill Friday night in the
award of the Aycock Memorial Cup
to the Pleasant Garden High School,
of Guilford County. The final clash
between the affirmative team from
Pleasant Garden and the negative
team from Durham High School, over
the query of "Woman Suffrage," was
a remarkable intellectual battle, and
the scene of the contest, Gerrard
Hall, brought together over sevc
hundred interested listeners. Sur
rounding vicinities contributed to
swell the immense audience of high
school pupils, principals, and visitors
from the eastern to the western bor
ders of the State.
Preliminary debates by way of
selecting the final teams to contest
for the Aycock Cup began on Thurs
day night and ended with the semi
finals on Friday morning. In the
semi-finals on the affirmative side of
the query these schools were success
ful, Graham, Holly Springs, Durham,
and Pleasant Garden; on the nega
tive, these schools were the victors
in the semi-finals, Haw Fields, Holly
Springs, Morganton, and Durham.
From these were chosen the schools
of Durham and Pleasant Garden as
champions of the champions. The
two Durham debaters were Henry
Greenberg and David Brady; the two
orators to carry off the laurels for
Pleasant Garden were S. C. Hodgin
and Grady Bowman.
More Debt, More Bonds, and More
Taxes.
Union Republican.
The Legislature at Raleigh is now
considering a $1,142,500 bond issue
to meet the $725,000 deficit and oth
er things, with no provision for ever
paying the same, or past indebted
ness. At this rate it will soon take
all the money received by taxation to
pay bond interests. The longer the
Democrats continue in power the
bigger the debt.
REAL ANCIENT HISTORY
Britian Finds a New Batch of
Enemies
AN ENGLISH-FRENCH DEAL
Ireland Grow Itestlew Again
France Comjielled to Abandon San
Domingo N'a police-a Bonaparte Be
gan to Pay Attention to Great Brit
ain The English Defeat France
and Spain at the Same Time Half
of British Army Dead or on Sick
List.
Bilkinsville, N. C, March 10, 1913.
(Correspondence of the Caucasian
Enterprise.) About the beginnin ov the eigh
teenth century, the British had to re
sist a new batch ov enemies the
Danes, and others on that side. A
fleet wuz sent to Copenhagen an the
Danish fleet wuz destroyed. At the
same time news reached Great Brit
ain that her military force had been
successful in Egypt. By agreement
between the French ruler an the
British government, the English
crown agreed to restore awl territory
lately acquired except Trinidad, Cey
lon an' the Cape of Good Hope. The
Island ov Malta wuz to be restored to
the order ov St. John of Jerusalem;
Egypt wuz given back to the former
ruler. The territory ov Rome and
Naples wuz to be evacuated by the
French. By agreement a definite
agreement a treaty wuz to be formed.
The fisheries ov New Foundland were
to be restored to the former basis,
which meant that both nations
should hev certain privileges.
Durin' the same year the French
subdued the people qv Switzerland,
though the British protested vigor
ously against it.
In 1S03 the people ov Ireland
caused a stir in England proper by
makin' a new an' powerful effort to
become an independent republic. An
armed mob raised a good deal ov
cane in Dublin, killin' Lord Kilwar
den and hiz nephew. The riot didn't
last long. Robert Emmet an' other
leaders were arrested, tried an' put
to death.
The next step ov the British wuz
to compel the French to abandon the
island ov St. Domingo. The natives
then declared their independence.
Early after the beginnin ov the
eighteenth century Napoleon Bone
parte began to cast hiz eyes toward
Great Britain. He needed naval help,
however. After a time a deal wuz
made with Spain an' her naval force
agreed to act with that ov France.
But Lord Nelson, the British admiral,
defeated both navies off Trafalgar.
This battle resulted in a great loss to
the British, Nelson bein' killed, he
bein' the flower ov her naval officers.
But the French an Spanish fleets
were practically put out ov business
an' hit took a long time for the two
nations to restore their navies if
they ever hev done so. But the na
val loss to the French wuz only a part
ov her strength for Napoleon proved
himself great az a commander ov the
land force an' soon conquered Aus
tria's army, which, at the time wuz
allied with the Russian army. He
folowed up hiz advantage by driving
out the Russian army which had
joined the Austrians against France.
The next row between Great Brit
ain an France came near resultin
badly for the English arms. Sir John
Moore wuz in charge ov the forces ov
Britain an' had a force ov Spanish
troops to look after, for Spain an'
Britain had combined to whip Na
poleon. The French commander
knew that the British had gotten into
a dangerous position, bein' divided.
Napoleon felt so certain that he held
the winnin' card that he announced
to hiz army that the hour was at last
arrived when the English leopard
should fly before the French eagles."
Soult an' Junot were marching to in
tercept the British in one direction,
while Napoleon wuz on the road to
Madrid with the corps ov Ney an'
Bessieres. One ov the French gen
erals wuz not cautious an' soon
found hiz force practically surround
ed by a strong British force.
But Sir John Moore wuz retreatin'
toward Villa France. The weather
an roads were iearruiiy Daa. uag
gage, ammunition an guns were
thrown away or destroyed, even
horses bein' shot to keep them from
fallin' into the hands ov the French.
But there wuz no rest for the sol
dier in that day. Napoleon hastened
to Paris to prepare to fight the Ger
mans, who were apparently gettin
ready to fight France. But the first
attention had to be given to Spain,
for hiz late friends had made war
against him. The French force first
attacked the Spanish city Saragossa
an' before its capture twenty thous
and ov its defenders were killed. The
war continued until the French cap-
; tared the principle clti in the cea
! tral part ov Spain,
j In 1S09 about 4o.mh mm com
manded by the Karl of Chatham, as
j sifted by a strong natal fore-, cap
! tared the islands commanding the
mouth or the river Scheltdt an' the,
port ov Flushing. The bombardment )
j lasted for two days. resultin in its
surrender. The city ov Antwerp. j
nearby, wux not attacked ax there;
wuz a fleet ov warships nearby. But
the results gained did not last long
tor it wuz round that Antwerp wuz a j
very sickly place an' the British bad I
to move out when half the soldiers !
were either sick or had died. j
j Durin the same year Lord Colling- j
wood, who had succeeded Lord Nel-;
son as commander of the British fleet j
in the Mediterranean, knowin' that
the French were busy in Naples, cap
tured the islands ov Zante an' others
In the same portion or that sea, the
islands surrenderin', as they could
not resist a strong fleet ov warships.
Az ever,
ZEKE BILKINS.
EXPLOSIONKILLS FIFTY
Nearly Three Hundred and Fifty
Tons of Dynamite Explodes
in Baltimore Harbor
The F.vplosives were being stored in
the Vessels Hold from Scow When
Both Were Destroyed A .New Ve-
! m?1 is Also Wrecked Baltimore
Shaken.
Baltimore. March
-With nearly
350 tons of dynamite which had been
loaded into the hold of the British
steamer Alum hine at anchor in the
Patapsco River, near Hawkins Point,
exploded this morning and fifty lives
were lost and one hundred were in
jured. Besides a heavy loss of life
the damage will amount to fully
$500,000.
The explosive had been loaded into
the vessel to be taken to Panama to
be used in the construction of the ca
nal. A fire of unknown origin broke
with lightning rapidity to the dyna
mite and when the exnlosion oc
curred the vessel was blown into bits
and sent hurling in all directions
through the air.
Bits of steel sides of the Alum
Chine were blown with such force
that they tore their way through the
armored sides of the collier Jason,
nearly a mile away. The tug Atlan
tic, of the Atlantic Transport Com
pany, caught fire while rescuing some
of those on the ill-fated ship and was
sunk. Other damage was caused by
the breaking of glass and wood work
in dwellings as far as several miles
from the scene.
The greatest damage aside from
the absolute loss of the Alum Chine
was to the collier Jason. This giant
of its type had just been completed
at the Maryland Steel Works and
was at anchor ready to start tomor
row morning on its trial trip. Its
sides were battered by flying steel
and it appeared to have been in a bat
tle. Its interior was demolished.
Ot the crew of thirty-two men on
the Alum Chine, fifteen are believed
to have been killed. A scow was al
so destroyed by the explosion. Of
the thirty-two stevedores who went
with the scow this morning only fif
teen were rescued.
Four men were killed on the
United States collier Jason and ten
injured. Some of the crew of the At
lantic are missing.
There were ten car loads of dyna
mite on the scow and quick work had
reduced it to one and one-half car
loads. They wanted to get the work
done quicker. He jammed his bale
hook into a box of dynamite to lift
it into place. The death that hides
in dynamite spit at him and blew him
to pieces. There were about fifteen
negroes working with him. As the
explosion shook the ship they raced,
tearing at each other's clothes, up out
of the hold.
Lying alongside of the Alum Chine
were the barge from which the dy
namite was being taken and the tug
Atlantic.
The negroes, screaming
out a warning to the crew of the tax on mercantile agencies was re
steamer, scrambled over the side and! dud from $350 to $250. The tax
'jumped aboard the Atlantic. Part of I
the dynamite seemed to explode in i
midair. j
The city of Baltimore and the coun-
trv for manv miles around was
shaken by the terrific explosion
Militant suffragettes of
London
f
have started another campaign of ar
son. They set afire Saudeurton cas
tle of the Great" Western Railway,
burning it to the ground. Saunder
ton is thirty miles from London. Two
placards found In the vicinity bore
these words:
"Burning to get the vote," and
Votes for women." Another sta
tion, Craxley Green, on the London
and Northwestern, three miles from
here, was burned down early to-day.
The cause of this blaze is undeter
mined. Both were new stations.
WITH THE LAW-MAKERS
ReTesse and Machinery Bill Causes
Some Hot Debates in
the Senate
ADJOURNMENT YESTERDAY
IU1U Were on the Scaate l al-
j Many
rrnlar Final Day But Nearly AH
Were Sent to the Junk limp
. ... . , , .
Took Scleral Mure IJcks at the
State Treasury Another Xem
Office Created A BUI for the 1U-
lief of the Thirty Was Amende!
nl Hnllf Thlet
Notwithstanding Governor Craig j returning It to the House, which
sent a special message to the Legls-? riled Representative Stewart, and he
lature Thursday urging the passage wanted the Senate dtnounced for
of the reassessment bill, the House. taking such action. Senator Coan
after practically two hours debate on j cil had charged that lobbjlit work
the subject, killed the bill on second lug tn the House was the cause of the
reading. request for the return of the Mil
At a meeting of the Finance Com-, It . seems that the opponents of the
mittee the evening before a com- bill were fatorlrig a corporation who
promise measure was agreed upon by wanted to condemn the waterpor
all members of the committee except j company that is furnishing Header
by Chairman Williams of Buncombe. sonvllJe with water, which would
He refused to agree to the compro
mise bill and brought up the original
j measure and talked long in its favor,
j Many of the Democrats saw that this
measure meant an early death of the
Democratic party, while a bond issue
to raise the money would prolong the;
fatal day
Another special message from Gov
ernor Craig made a strong plea to
the General Assembly for State rep-
j resentation at the Panama Exposition 1
at San Francisco in 1915.
The Senate killed the State road
bond bill which had passed the!
House several days previously.
bill provided for a semi-annual bond
issue by the State of $300,000, the!
proceeds of which to be loaned to the I
counties on their bonds for road i
building purposes. j
Representative S. J. Bennettt, of'
Forsyth, added another to the list of j
proposed amendments to the Consti- j
tution of the State. He introduced '
a bill to provide for an amendment g,utlon looking to North Caro
le the Constitution to change the j na representation at -the Panama-
time of holding elections
noiaing elections. The
amendment, if adopted, would elimi
nate biennial elections in this State,
except of Congressmen. It provides
that all elective officers from town
ship constable up, shall be elected
for terms of four years. This, like
other amendments proposed, can only
be adopted by a vote of the people or
by a Constitutional Convention.
The Senate passed the Hobgood
vital statistics bill, carrying an ap
propriation of $10,000, and sent it
to the House. The bill provides for
the registration of all births and
deaths in the State.
The State banking bill, which
passed the House several days ago,
was passed by the Senate and re
turned to the House for concurrence
in some Senate amendments.
Senator Council, for committee,
introduced the solicitors salary bill
providing for a minimum salary of
$1,800 and a maximum of $2,200 per
annum.
The Senate passed the child labor
bill from the House with an amend
ment that allows women to work at
night.
The Koonce bill for $1,000,000 in
stead of the present $500,000 appro
priation for Confederate pensions,
came from the Appropriation Com
mittee to the House with unfavorable
report.
Friday's Proceedings.
Among the new bills introduced in
the Senate was one from the Appro
priations Committee aDDroDriatinjr :
$1,500 for expense of Governor and I
party to go to San Francisco to se -
lect the site for the North Carolina
building, in connection with the Panama-Pacific
Expositon, and a bill by
Thorne for uniform examination and
certification of public school teach
ers. The tax on second-class clothiers
was advanced from $25 to $40. The
on wing machines dealers was re-
stored to $o00, and the additional
tax of 40 cents on each $100 of sales
was eliminated. Resort hotel tax
"a cut, in nail
The report of the special commit
tee of the Legislature to investigate
ana report as to failure of counties
to return inheritance taxes reported,
recommending severe penalties for
failure on the part of officers to re
port and collect inheritance Uses,
estimating that the State has lost
$100,000 a year the past two years
through failure to collect the in
heritance taxes.
The House voted down the Senate
bill to create a Democratic road com
mission in the Progressive County of
Cabarrus, the Progressive member,
Mr. Williams, winning out against
Democratic members who appealed
for a Se of "political t4il. t
through passin thf till
A tl4 Tls
A till la r-feect trr-ter
companies ffoa coadetaaing water
powers of other cots jt&ir enjer rr
tain condition stirred strife t-
t tfm Senator and fUrrentatlr
rly In to etcning. but fc&aJly re
'suited In th foaurrer of tt
j lloUMf lo ' ammdseiii d
i enrollment of the bill for ratlSc.
lioa Tfce bill bad passed in ouh
I after sral cmratttr barlcg s. had
I bn considered and approved by a
. , ,
Senate committee t Ice and was a
the calendar for enactment when
P'ttlw Stew.n tn the Hous
: got through a motion to have the Mil
j recalled from the Senate for further
j committee consideration
The Senate passed the bill before
have confiscated the property of th
water company.
A bill for permitting women to
vote in municipal elections was ta
bled. Williams, of Hertford, Intro
duced a bill "for the euulDtnent of
North Carolina's first suffragette.
Representative Clark of Pitt, by pro
viding him with a calico dress, each
member of the House to be taxed one
cent to defray the cot."
Saturday' Proceeding.
The House concurred In the Sen-
ate amendment to the appropriations
I bill restoring the University's rnaln-
tenance to $$5,000. The bond Issue
bill from the Senate passed the
House and was enrolled for ratifica
tion. The vital statistics 1,111 has
passed both Houses.
The Houses presented a chest of
silver to Speaker Connor, following
the usual custom.
The Senate voted down nnri!n
Pacific Knnifnn hn.h ,k .m
i - - - -h mm - m-w -m a a ma a M a a a a a a
expenses of the Governor and party
to visit San Francisco to select a site
of the State's building and a substi
tute for $40,000 appropriation for
representation of resources without
reference to any State building.
The Senate passed the solicitors'
salary bill with minimum of $1,500
and maximum $2,000.
The Senate amended the State tax
rate feature of the revenue bill, so
as to make the poll tax $1.43 and
the ad valorem tax 47 2-3 cents. A
bill was passed to have the State
Department of Agriculture pay $25.
000 toward a $50,000 building at
the A. & M. College.
The bill for engineering aid to the
counties in road building passed with
an amendments making $10,000, In
stead of $20,000, available for the
purpose.
Monday's lYoceedlng.
The House killed the solicitors'
salary bill from the Senate by a ref
erence to the Propositions and Griev
ances Committee, which will have
no further meetings or reports. The
House also defeated the Senate reso
lution for a special committee to in
vestigate and report to the special
session as to advisability of a State
representation at the Panama-Pacific
Exposition.
The Senate killed the House bill
for uniform bllls-of-ladlng. The
Senate passed a substitute bill to al
low women to serve on school com-
mltte('8 an1 trustees of education
a' ln8t,tuon. with an amendment
that no elective office be included.
The bill was sent to the House,
where two similar bills have already
been killed.
The Senate at the afternoon ses
sion passed the resolution for the
investigation by the Corporation
Commission with the Attorney-General
of the dismemberment of the
Cape Fear and Vadkln Valley Bali
road, after defeating an amendment
that the State be indemnified by bond
against the expense Incurred.
A committee substitute for the an-ti-hazing
bill of Senator I vie was
passed, after an explanation from
Senator Council to the effect that the
bill was a very mild one. It makes
it indictable for the faculty of any
college to fail to expel a student who
has been convicted of hazing.
Senator Nimocks' legislative refer
ence library bill went down in de
feat. The Senate passed the House bill
allowing the Inmates of the Soldiers'
Home $1.00 a month pocket money
Instead of 50 cents.
A Joint resolution offered by Sen
ator McLean was adopted calling up
on the North Carolina Representa
( Continued on pact 4.)
    

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